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Study sets matching "psych test 3"

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Study sets matching "psych test 3"

35 terms
Psychology Test 3
Consciousness
Dual processing
Selective attention
Inattentional blindness
Awareness of ourselves & our environment... ie: You can do many…
Information is processed simultaneously on separate conscious…
Focus on one detail out of many
Failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed…
Consciousness
Awareness of ourselves & our environment... ie: You can do many…
Dual processing
Information is processed simultaneously on separate conscious…
79 terms
Psychology Test 3
Spearman
Thurstone
Gardner
Three theories on how Language is lear…
- Two Factor Theory ... o Factor analysis- statistical method to…
- Primary mental abilities that do not rely on general intell…
- Theory of multiple intelligences- the theory describes eigh…
1. Nature: Children are Genetically programmed at birth to le…
Spearman
- Two Factor Theory ... o Factor analysis- statistical method to…
Thurstone
- Primary mental abilities that do not rely on general intell…
64 terms
PsychologyTest3
Process of Sleep
Hypnagogic
Sleep
hynopompic
Wakefulness--> Hypnagogic--> Sleep-->Hypnopompic
begin to relax... neurons quiet ... shut down of outside world ... rel…
move through cycle of sleep deep sleep/shallows sleep/ dreaming
begin to wake ... Parasomnias occur here
Process of Sleep
Wakefulness--> Hypnagogic--> Sleep-->Hypnopompic
Hypnagogic
begin to relax... neurons quiet ... shut down of outside world ... rel…
85 terms
Psychology Test 3
developmental psychology
issues with developmental psychology
habituation
motor development
how and why human behavior changes over time
genes vs. environment... change vs. stability... continuous vs. sta…
a decrease in responding with repeated stimulation. response…
Emergence of posture, movement & development of skills in mob…
developmental psychology
how and why human behavior changes over time
issues with developmental psychology
genes vs. environment... change vs. stability... continuous vs. sta…
41 terms
Psychology Test 3
Neuropsychologists
Physiological Psychologists
CT Scan (X-ray)
PET Scan
work with humans and perform correlational research; look at…
work with animals and perform experimental research; look at…
still x-ray photos of whats going on in the brain
inject radioactive sucrose that allows you to track the activ…
Neuropsychologists
work with humans and perform correlational research; look at…
Physiological Psychologists
work with animals and perform experimental research; look at…
28 terms
Psychology - TEST 3
Memory - Functions
Memory - 3 Stage Model... Sensory
Memory - 3 Stage Model... Short-term (…
Memory - 3 Stage Model... Long-term (L…
1) Encoding (Input) - converting information into a form wh…
Sensory - holds an exact copy for a very limited time.... *Ic…
Short-term (STM)- "Working"... a) Controlled by selective att…
Types... + Explicit (Declarative)- "What"... - Semantic - fac…
Memory - Functions
1) Encoding (Input) - converting information into a form wh…
Memory - 3 Stage Model... Sensory
Sensory - holds an exact copy for a very limited time.... *Ic…
100 terms
Psychology test 3
Lesion
Medulla
Pons
Thalamus
Tissue destruction
-Base of brainstem... -Controls heartbeat and breathing
-Just above Medulla... -Helps coordinate movements
-Top of brainstem... -Receives info from all senses except smell…
Lesion
Tissue destruction
Medulla
-Base of brainstem... -Controls heartbeat and breathing
79 terms
Psychology Test 3
Unconscious Mind
Model of Mind
3 parts of personality
Id
a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings…
The mind is like an iceberg. It is mostly hidden, and below t…
Id, Ego, Superego
• Largest portion of the mind... • Unconscious, present at birth…
Unconscious Mind
a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings…
Model of Mind
The mind is like an iceberg. It is mostly hidden, and below t…
56 terms
Psychology Test 3
Sensory Memory
Basic Assumptions of Cognitivism
Cognitive Views
Behavioral Views
The initial processing from the 5 senses. Very large capacity…
Cognitive processes influence the nature of what is learned.…
Knowledge is learned. Changes in knowledge makes changes in b…
New behaviors are learned. Learning is dependent on external…
Sensory Memory
The initial processing from the 5 senses. Very large capacity…
Basic Assumptions of Cognitivism
Cognitive processes influence the nature of what is learned.…
61 terms
Psychology Test 3
Cognitive Psychology
Organizational Psychology
Personnel Psychology
Algorithm
the scientific study of all the mental activities associated…
a subfield of I/O psychology that examines organizational inf…
a subfield of I/O psychology that focuses on employee recruit…
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
Cognitive Psychology
the scientific study of all the mental activities associated…
Organizational Psychology
a subfield of I/O psychology that examines organizational inf…
142 terms
psychology test 3
What is Social Psychology?
what are the three parts of social psy…
social behavior
social influence
The study of causes and consequences of sociality... -Aids in s…
social behavior... social influence... social cognition
How individuals behave and interact with each other
How individuals control others behavior
What is Social Psychology?
The study of causes and consequences of sociality... -Aids in s…
what are the three parts of social psy…
social behavior... social influence... social cognition
59 terms
Psychology Test 3
Short-Term Memory
Memory Rehearsal
Memory Chunking
Baddeley's Model
A limited-capacity system that we use to hold info after it h…
A strategic process that helps to maintain short-term memorie…
A short-term memory strategy that involves rearranging incomi…
-AKA: Working Memory Model... -Active maintenance of info in sho…
Short-Term Memory
A limited-capacity system that we use to hold info after it h…
Memory Rehearsal
A strategic process that helps to maintain short-term memorie…
25 terms
Psychology Test 3
Anorexia Nervosa
Bulimia Nervosa
Emotions
Achievement Motivation
Is a life threatening eating disorder characterized by extrem…
Entails repeated cycles of binge eating and then purging the…
Defined as feeling states with physiological cognitive and be…
People striving relentlessly to get ahead, to make it, to ear…
Anorexia Nervosa
Is a life threatening eating disorder characterized by extrem…
Bulimia Nervosa
Entails repeated cycles of binge eating and then purging the…
58 terms
Psychology Test 3
cognition
thinking
Language
morphemes
the mental activity that includes thinking and the understand…
the mental manipulation of these representations
a system of communication using sounds and symbols according…
smallest units that have meaning including suffixes and prefi…
cognition
the mental activity that includes thinking and the understand…
thinking
the mental manipulation of these representations
77 terms
Psychology test 3
Life....
Developmental psychology
What three issues do developmental psy…
Nature and nurture
is a journey, from womb to tomb
examines our physical, cognitive, and social development acro…
1)nature and nurture... 2)continuity and stages... 3)stability and…
How does our genetic inheritance (our nature) interact with o…
Life....
is a journey, from womb to tomb
Developmental psychology
examines our physical, cognitive, and social development acro…
47 terms
Psychology Test 3
Drives
Needs
motivations
Optimal Arousal
an "excitatory state produced by a homeostatic disturbance",…
a psychological feature that arouses an organism to action to…
an internal process that makes a person move toward a goal. M…
suggests that humans are motivated to maintain a comfortable…
Drives
an "excitatory state produced by a homeostatic disturbance",…
Needs
a psychological feature that arouses an organism to action to…
162 terms
Psychology for Test 3
learning
learning
B
classical
Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by…
________ is adaptive and intelligent.
The three major types of learning are:... a) classical, operant,…
___________ conditioning is learning to elicit an involuntary…
learning
Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by…
learning
________ is adaptive and intelligent.
34 terms
Ed Psychology Test 3
Central tendency
Dispersion
Common misconceptions of assessment
Common Sense for teachers
Mean, median, mode
range, standard deviation
1) show everything about student achievement... 2) show everythi…
1. Testing is complex... 2. All tests have trade offs... 3. We need…
Central tendency
Mean, median, mode
Dispersion
range, standard deviation
107 terms
Psychology test 3
what is the James Lang Theory?
What is the Cannon-Bard theory?
What is the Schacther-Singer theory?
what does the amygdala do?
1. When you see a fearful stimulus, you instantly feel the ph…
1. You see fearful stimulus... 2. You get scared and feel physio…
1. See scary bear... 2. Heart bounding and you think "wow that i…
Your amygdalae are essential to your ability to feel certain…
what is the James Lang Theory?
1. When you see a fearful stimulus, you instantly feel the ph…
What is the Cannon-Bard theory?
1. You see fearful stimulus... 2. You get scared and feel physio…
220 terms
Introduction to Psychology Test 3
Memory
Sensory Representations
Verbal Representations
Primary Memory
Observations stored, able to be retrieved later
Store info from five senses; consists of visual, auditory, ol…
Info represented in words
Immediate short-term memory
Memory
Observations stored, able to be retrieved later
Sensory Representations
Store info from five senses; consists of visual, auditory, ol…
131 terms
Psychology Test 3
behavior
physiological
psychological
instincts
motives activate _____________ and propel the organism toward…
__________________________ needs must be met in order to surv…
_________________________ needs are generally based on learni…
species specific behaviors are ________________
behavior
motives activate _____________ and propel the organism toward…
physiological
__________________________ needs must be met in order to surv…
47 terms
Psychology Test 3 (Memory)
What is the Three-Step Process?
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
Encoding, Storage, and Retrieval
Transfer of info from sensation to something that is engraine…
Retention of info over time (how we maintain info)
Recovering stored info (how we bring forth info)
What is the Three-Step Process?
Encoding, Storage, and Retrieval
Encoding
Transfer of info from sensation to something that is engraine…
45 terms
Study Guide Test 3 Psychology
Intrinsic Motivation
Instincts
Maslows Hierarchy of Needs
1st level of Maslows Hierarchy of Need…
rewarding in and of itself
Automatic behaviors performed in response to specific stimuli…
Physiological: Breathing, food, water
Intrinsic Motivation
rewarding in and of itself
Instincts
Automatic behaviors performed in response to specific stimuli…
106 terms
General Psychology Test 3
Intelligence
Achievement tests
Aptitude tests
Psychometrics
is the ability to think, understand, reason, and cognitively…
measure knowledge and thinking skills that an individual has…
are designed to measure an individual's potential to perform…
is the measurement of psychological traits and abilities—incl…
Intelligence
is the ability to think, understand, reason, and cognitively…
Achievement tests
measure knowledge and thinking skills that an individual has…
144 terms
Psychology Test 3
male primary sex characteristics
female primary sex characteristics
female secondary sex characteritics
male secondary sex characteristics
penis, testes, scrotum, prostate gland
vagina, uterus, ovaries
growth spurt, menarche, breast development (mammary glands),…
enlarged larynx, deepening voice, facial & chest hair, pubic…
male primary sex characteristics
penis, testes, scrotum, prostate gland
female primary sex characteristics
vagina, uterus, ovaries
22 terms
psychology test 3
projection
cognition
language
stereotyping
Arises out of a need to protect one's own self-concept... *Peopl…
The brain's representations of information in the world aroun…
our spoken, written, or gestured words and the way we combine…
Occurs when an individual assigns attributes to another solel…
projection
Arises out of a need to protect one's own self-concept... *Peopl…
cognition
The brain's representations of information in the world aroun…
62 terms
Psychology 1101 Test 3
Biopsychosocial Model
Stress
HPA Axis
General Adaption Syndrome
A model in which mental disorders are the result of an intera…
Your mind and body's response or reaction to a stressor (thre…
Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis... Produces the stress hormo…
3 stages of stress: Alarm, Resistance, Exhaustion
Biopsychosocial Model
A model in which mental disorders are the result of an intera…
Stress
Your mind and body's response or reaction to a stressor (thre…
28 terms
AP Psychology Test 3
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-bottom processing
the process by which our sensory organs recieve information f…
how our brains organize this information and create an image…
starts at sensory receptors and moves to higher levels of pro…
makes perceptions, according to sensory input, and draws on e…
sensation
the process by which our sensory organs recieve information f…
perception
how our brains organize this information and create an image…
10 terms
Child Psychology Test 3
Galton
Jenson
Spearmen
Thurstone
* 1850/1860's... * Rapid Information Processing... *Father of Intel…
*1970's... *Rapid Information Processing... -how fast a person can…
*believed in "G"- general intelligence... *IQ test... -patterns, s…
*meaningful differences... *7 primary mental abilities... 1. Vocabu…
Galton
* 1850/1860's... * Rapid Information Processing... *Father of Intel…
Jenson
*1970's... *Rapid Information Processing... -how fast a person can…
25 terms
Psychology 1030 Test 3
Learning
Classiical conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Positive Behavior Reinforcement
any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about thr…
form of learning in which a previously neutral stimulus is pa…
learning in which the consequences of behavior lead to change…
any consequence of behavior that lead to an increase in the p…
Learning
any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about thr…
Classiical conditioning
form of learning in which a previously neutral stimulus is pa…
173 terms
General Psychology Test 3
sensation
perception
key question 3.1... how does stimulation…
transduction
the process by which stimulation of sensory receptor produces…
a process that makes sensory patterns meaningful. it is perce…
core concept 3.1... the brain senses the world indirectly becaus…
transformation of one form of information into another--espec…
sensation
the process by which stimulation of sensory receptor produces…
perception
a process that makes sensory patterns meaningful. it is perce…
49 terms
Test 3 Psychology of Learning
Positive punishment
Examples of Positive Punishment
Negative punishment
Examples of Negative punishment
Adding a adverse stimulus that could decrease the behavior
spanking, nagging, adding homework
Removing a desirable stimulus to decrease a behavior
Time out, taking away phone, grounding
Positive punishment
Adding a adverse stimulus that could decrease the behavior
Examples of Positive Punishment
spanking, nagging, adding homework
56 terms
PSYCHOLOGY TEST 3
classical conditioning
learning
conditioned stimulus
Always the same or similar in classica…
learning through involuntary paired associations... When a neutr…
relatively permanent change in behavior or mental processes d…
previously neutral stimulus that after becoming associated wi…
both unconditioned and conditioned responses
classical conditioning
learning through involuntary paired associations... When a neutr…
learning
relatively permanent change in behavior or mental processes d…
22 terms
Biological Psychology Test 3
A change in biological and behavioral…
A 25-hour (or more) sleep-wake cycle t…
A small branch of the optic nerve whic…
After damage to the suprachiasmatic nu…
circadian cycle
free-running rhythm.
retinohypothalamic path.
still has rhythms, but they are less consistent.
A change in biological and behavioral…
circadian cycle
A 25-hour (or more) sleep-wake cycle t…
free-running rhythm.
17 terms
Psychology Test 3, B
Three Types of Learning
Neutral Stimulus
John B. Watson
Little Albert
Classical (Pavlov), Operant (Skinner), and Observational (Ban…
Stimulus that does not cause a relevant automatic or reflexiv…
Psychologist who is well known for his "Little Albert" experi…
11 month old baby who developed a fear of rats through partic…
Three Types of Learning
Classical (Pavlov), Operant (Skinner), and Observational (Ban…
Neutral Stimulus
Stimulus that does not cause a relevant automatic or reflexiv…
25 terms
Comparative Psychology Test 3
Key Components of Value Transfer Theory
Transitivity
How does Value Transfer Theory explain…
Example of how Value Transfer Theory e…
1. Total strength=direct associative strength+ indirect assoc…
the ability to form relationships between items or events tha…
You use a complicated association process to infer a relation…
Sally is taller than Ted, Ted is taller than Sam, can infer t…
Key Components of Value Transfer Theory
1. Total strength=direct associative strength+ indirect assoc…
Transitivity
the ability to form relationships between items or events tha…
69 terms
Psychology- Test 3
Personality
Freud's Theory of Personality
Freud's Theory of Personality- ID
Freud's Theory of Personality- Libido
Distinctive patterns of behavior, emotions, and thoughts that…
ID, Ego, Superego
Eros, thanatos, innate. Biological component of personality c…
The energy that fuels the id and motivates all behavior
Personality
Distinctive patterns of behavior, emotions, and thoughts that…
Freud's Theory of Personality
ID, Ego, Superego
56 terms
Psychology test 3
Social Psychology
out group homogeneity effect
Social identity theory
ingroup favoritism
the study of how people influence other people's thoughts, fe…
the tendency to view outgroup members as less varied than ing…
the idea that in-group consist of individuals who perceive th…
the tendency for people to evaluate favorable and priviledge…
Social Psychology
the study of how people influence other people's thoughts, fe…
out group homogeneity effect
the tendency to view outgroup members as less varied than ing…
91 terms
Psychology Test 3
The culture of honor
___ states are more likely to agree to…
When does the culture of honor develop?
The culture of honor study
Difference response depending on the area you are locked in.…
southern
-when there is little centralized authority (police)... -spacio…
-White males from north and south told to walk through a narr…
The culture of honor
Difference response depending on the area you are locked in.…
___ states are more likely to agree to…
southern
83 terms
Psychology Test 3
Life Span/ Human Development
Maturation
Prenatal Development
Conception
The study of the changes that occur in people from birth thro…
Biological unfolding, natural, automatic unfolding of develop…
Conception, zygote, orum, embryo, fetus
Union of sperm and egg
Life Span/ Human Development
The study of the changes that occur in people from birth thro…
Maturation
Biological unfolding, natural, automatic unfolding of develop…
66 terms
Abnormal Psychology Test 3
Personality Disorder
Dimensional Definition of Personality…
Differences in traditional and dimensi…
Negative Personality Traits
-pattern of inner experience and behavior... -deviates markedly…
-moderate or greater impairment in self (identity and self di…
-traditional- culture, cognition, affectivity, impulse contro…
-psychoticism- high and pathological (openness)... -disinhibitio…
Personality Disorder
-pattern of inner experience and behavior... -deviates markedly…
Dimensional Definition of Personality…
-moderate or greater impairment in self (identity and self di…
12 terms
Psychology test 3
Homeostasis
Maslow
Humanistic
Intrinsic Motivation
Maintaining Equilibrium ... Goal of drive reduction is homeostasis
hierarchy of needs
one of the personality theories
self fulfillment based on motivation
Homeostasis
Maintaining Equilibrium ... Goal of drive reduction is homeostasis
Maslow
hierarchy of needs
103 terms
Criminal Psychology Test 3
Developmental Risk Factors (3)
Parental and Family Risk Factors (4)
Parenting Styles (6)
Psychological Risk Factors (8)
Poverty (Socioeconomic) ... Peers (Peer rejection)... Care of Educa…
Single-Parents... Parenting Styles *... Parental Monitoring... Parent…
Authoritative: demanding and responsive... Authoritarian: demand…
Expressive and receptive language *... Intelligence... Intellectual…
Developmental Risk Factors (3)
Poverty (Socioeconomic) ... Peers (Peer rejection)... Care of Educa…
Parental and Family Risk Factors (4)
Single-Parents... Parenting Styles *... Parental Monitoring... Parent…
76 terms
Psychology Test 3
Personality- what is it?
Freud
Id
Ego
It is consistent, whole and unique. It's persistent over time…
Father of psychoanalysis. Started out with interest in nervou…
This is all a baby is. Animal. instant gratification. Run by…
The conscious part of the mind. Runs on the reality principle…
Personality- what is it?
It is consistent, whole and unique. It's persistent over time…
Freud
Father of psychoanalysis. Started out with interest in nervou…
53 terms
Psychology Test 3
Emotions
Intersex
What is most important brain structure…
James-Lange Theory of Emotion
An immediate, specific negative or positive response to envir…
Being born female on outside, but have male type anatomy on t…
Amyglada
Seeing a bear causes your heart to race then we perceive that…
Emotions
An immediate, specific negative or positive response to envir…
Intersex
Being born female on outside, but have male type anatomy on t…
44 terms
Psychology test 3
Cognition
Concepts
Prototypes
Problem solving strategies
a mental activity that goes on in the brain when a person is…
ideas that represent a class or a category of objects, events…
rototype is the most representative example of a category.... A…
Trial and Error... AKA Mechanical Solution... Trying one solution a…
Cognition
a mental activity that goes on in the brain when a person is…
Concepts
ideas that represent a class or a category of objects, events…
81 terms
Psychology Test 3
psychoanalytic/psychodynamic theory
id
superego
ego
a personality approach, personality arises out of the conflic…
impulsive, seeking pleasure, unconscious, doesn't care about…
conscience, parent in your head, what you should and shouldn'…
reality principle, stuck in the middle, id some pleasure, but…
psychoanalytic/psychodynamic theory
a personality approach, personality arises out of the conflic…
id
impulsive, seeking pleasure, unconscious, doesn't care about…
118 terms
Psychology Test 3
Learning
Associations
Conditioning
Habituation
A LASTING CHANGE in behavior or mental process as the result…
Events that occur in a sequence. We learn by making these. Ro…
Process of learning by associations
Learning not to respond to the repeated presentation of a sti…
Learning
A LASTING CHANGE in behavior or mental process as the result…
Associations
Events that occur in a sequence. We learn by making these. Ro…
109 terms
Psychology Test 3
affect
mood
emotion
James-Lange
your automatic evaluation of whether things are good or bad (…
your long lasting good or bad feeling/how you feel (not tied…
your specific feelings based on ... -physiological response ... -la…
(theory of emotion) states that physical experience leads to…
affect
your automatic evaluation of whether things are good or bad (…
mood
your long lasting good or bad feeling/how you feel (not tied…
183 terms
Psychology Test 3
Vision
2 dimensions of light waves
Light intensity
Light wavelength
physical stimulus: light... electromagnetic energy... most light is…
light intensity... light wavelength
how much energy the light contains ... determines brightness
distance between peaks in light waves... short vs. long... sensatio…
Vision
physical stimulus: light... electromagnetic energy... most light is…
2 dimensions of light waves
light intensity... light wavelength
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