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Study sets matching "psych vocab chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "psych vocab chapter 2"

Psychology Chapter 2
Jane Goodall
Naturalistic Observation
Case Study
Survey
A British anthropologist and the world's leading expert on ch…
Observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situa…
A descriptive study that includes an intensive study of one p…
A type of study, generally in the form of an interview or que…
Jane Goodall
A British anthropologist and the world's leading expert on ch…
Naturalistic Observation
Observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situa…
31 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Construct
Hypothesis
Replicated
Survey
An idea or theory containing various conceptual elements, typ…
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
To repeat a research study, usually with different participan…
A research technique for acquiring data about the attitudes o…
Construct
An idea or theory containing various conceptual elements, typ…
Hypothesis
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
31 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Construct
Hypothesis
Replicate
Survey
An idea or theory containing various conceptual elements, typ…
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
To repeat a research study, usually with different participan…
A research technique for acquiring data about the attitudes o…
Construct
An idea or theory containing various conceptual elements, typ…
Hypothesis
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
79 terms
Chapter 2: Ciccarelli Psychology
Nervous System
Neuroscience
Behavioral Neuroscience
Neuron
A network of cells that carries information to and from all p…
Branch of Life Sciences that deals with the structure and fun…
Branch of neuroscience that focuses on the biological bases o…
The specialized cell in the nervous system that receives and…
Nervous System
A network of cells that carries information to and from all p…
Neuroscience
Branch of Life Sciences that deals with the structure and fun…
30 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
placebo
hypothesis
subjects
variables
a "medicine" that has no active ingredients and works by the…
a statement of the results that the experimenter expects
people or animals on whom a study is conducted
factors that change in an experiment
placebo
a "medicine" that has no active ingredients and works by the…
hypothesis
a statement of the results that the experimenter expects
20 terms
Psychology and You: Chapter 2
placebo
double-blind study
hypothesis
subjects
a "medicine" that has no active ingredients and works by the…
a study during which neither participants nor researchers kno…
a statement of the results that the experiment excepts
people or animals on whom a study is conducted
placebo
a "medicine" that has no active ingredients and works by the…
double-blind study
a study during which neither participants nor researchers kno…
52 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
biological perspective
neuron
dendrites
axon
Emphasizes genetics, the roles of various parts of the brain,…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
biological perspective
Emphasizes genetics, the roles of various parts of the brain,…
neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
46 terms
Psychology Chapter 2: Vocabulary
critical thinking
empirical science
scientific method
hypothesis
approach to the examination of arguments based on skepticism,…
a science that obtains evidence by experience or experimentat…
approach to acquiring or confirming knowledge that is based o…
within the science of psychology, a specific statement about…
critical thinking
approach to the examination of arguments based on skepticism,…
empirical science
a science that obtains evidence by experience or experimentat…
40 terms
AP psychology chapter 2
scientific method
empirical investigation
theory
hypothesis
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and…
an approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
a testable explanation for a set of facts
possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
scientific method
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and…
empirical investigation
an approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
56 terms
Chapter 2:Psychology vocabulary
Biological psychologists
Neurons
Dendrite
Axon
Psychologists who are concerned with the links between biolog…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
The bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
The extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
Biological psychologists
Psychologists who are concerned with the links between biolog…
Neurons
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
32 terms
Psychology: Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
Nerve (or tract)
Individual cells that are the smallest units of the nervous s…
Short fibers that branch out from the cell body and pick up i…
Single long fiber extending from the cell body; it carries ou…
A group of axons bundled together.
Neuron
Individual cells that are the smallest units of the nervous s…
Dendrites
Short fibers that branch out from the cell body and pick up i…
24 terms
Psychology Vocabulary: Chapter 2
Inferential Statistics
Correlation Coefficient
Standard Deviation
Variability
numerical methods used to determine whether research data sup…
describes the direction and strength of the relationship betw…
a measure of variability that describes an average distance o…
a measure of difference, or spread of data
Inferential Statistics
numerical methods used to determine whether research data sup…
Correlation Coefficient
describes the direction and strength of the relationship betw…
52 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
biological perspective
neuron
dendrites
axon
Emphasizes genetics, the roles of various parts of the brain,…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
biological perspective
Emphasizes genetics, the roles of various parts of the brain,…
neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
8 terms
Chapter 2 Psychology Vocab
Mimic
Skeletal
Involuntary
Vicinity
To imitate the behavior of someone
A muscle that is attached to the bones of the skeleton and pr…
Autonomic... Breathing is an example of this type of action.
Surrounding area
Mimic
To imitate the behavior of someone
Skeletal
A muscle that is attached to the bones of the skeleton and pr…
24 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Sample
Naturalistic Observation
Case Study
Survey
The small group pf participants, out of the total number avai…
Research method in which the psychologist observes the subjec…
Research method that involves an intensive investigation of o…
Research method in which information is observed by asking ma…
Sample
The small group pf participants, out of the total number avai…
Naturalistic Observation
Research method in which the psychologist observes the subjec…
41 terms
Chapter 2 Psychology vocabulary
Scientific Method
Empirical investigation
Theory
Hypothesis
a five-step process for empirical investigation of a hypothes…
An approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
A testable explanation for a set of facts or observations. in…
a statement predicting the outcome of a scientific study; a s…
Scientific Method
a five-step process for empirical investigation of a hypothes…
Empirical investigation
An approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
Chapter 2 Psychology vocabulary
Double-blind study
Experimental group
Longitudinal studies
Independent variable
An experiment where neither the experimenter nor the particip…
Participant in an experiment who are exposed to the independe…
A psychology studies the same group of people at regular inte…
A variable that experimenters manipulate.
Double-blind study
An experiment where neither the experimenter nor the particip…
Experimental group
Participant in an experiment who are exposed to the independe…
13 terms
Psychology chapter 2
Self Awareness
Self honesty
Self consciousness
Emotional awareness
The process of paying attention to yourself
The ability to see your strengths and weakness clearly
The tendency to frequently think about and observe yourself
The process of recognizing ,identifying ,and accepting your e…
Self Awareness
The process of paying attention to yourself
Self honesty
The ability to see your strengths and weakness clearly
24 terms
Understanding Psychology: Chapter 2
sample
naturalistic observation
case study
survey
the small group of participants, out of the total number avai…
research method in which the psychologist observes the subjec…
research method that involves an intensive investigation of o…
research method in which information is obtained by asking ma…
sample
the small group of participants, out of the total number avai…
naturalistic observation
research method in which the psychologist observes the subjec…
18 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Quiz
Experimental Group
Control Group
Self-fulfilling Prophecy
Single-blind experiement
The group to which an independent variable is applied
The group to which an independent variable is not applied
A situation which a researcher's expectations influence that…
An experiment in which the participants are unaware of who re…
Experimental Group
The group to which an independent variable is applied
Control Group
The group to which an independent variable is not applied
60 terms
Psychology Chapter 2
The cell becomes positively charged on…
do so in an all-or-none fashion.
does not happen.
receptor site
What occurs to a neuron when it receives a chemical message?
When neurons fire and transmit messages, they:
Partial firing of a neuron:
A molecule of neurotransmitter is to a _______ as a key is to…
The cell becomes positively charged on…
What occurs to a neuron when it receives a chemical message?
do so in an all-or-none fashion.
When neurons fire and transmit messages, they:
31 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Key Terms
(Psychological) Construct
Hypothesis
Replicated
Survey
Theoretical entities, or concepts, that enable one to discuss…
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
To repeat a research study, usually with different participan…
A research technique for acquiring data about the attitudes o…
(Psychological) Construct
Theoretical entities, or concepts, that enable one to discuss…
Hypothesis
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
50 terms
Psychology Chapter 2
the nervous system
Neuroscience
structure of the neuron
glial cells
carries information to and from all parts of the body
a branch of the sciences that deals with the structures and f…
-they separate, support, nourish, and insulate the neurons fr…
the nervous system
carries information to and from all parts of the body
Neuroscience
a branch of the sciences that deals with the structures and f…
54 terms
The World of Psychology: Chapter 2, Biology and Behaviour
neurons
cell body
dendrites
axon
Specialized cells that conduct impulses through the nervous s…
The part of the neuron that contains the nucleus and the carr…
The branch-like extensions of a neuron that receives signals…
The slender, tail-like extension of the neuron that transmits…
neurons
Specialized cells that conduct impulses through the nervous s…
cell body
The part of the neuron that contains the nucleus and the carr…
56 terms
Vocabulary Chapter 2 AP Psychology
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
A long, thin fiber that transmits signals away from the neuro…
Biological Psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
36 terms
Myers Psychology Chapter 2 - Neuroscience & Behavior
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Myelin Sheath
A nerve cell; basic building block of the nervous system
The bushy branches of a neuron that receives messages and sen…
The extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
A layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of ma…
Neuron
A nerve cell; basic building block of the nervous system
Dendrite
The bushy branches of a neuron that receives messages and sen…
44 terms
psychology chapter 2
neuron
diagram of neuron
*neural impulse
*chemical ions
carries info from one part of the body to the next... (one cell…
D C B A... fat around axon helps speed up
rapid and reversible change in the electrical charges inside…
particles that carry a small electrical charge (positive or n…
neuron
carries info from one part of the body to the next... (one cell…
diagram of neuron
D C B A... fat around axon helps speed up
16 terms
Psychology vocabulary chapter 2
variable
theory
hypothesis
operational definition
Anything that can change
Broad idea or set of closely related ides that attempts to ex…
educated guess that derives logically from a theory; a predic…
Provides an objective description of how a variable is going…
variable
Anything that can change
theory
Broad idea or set of closely related ides that attempts to ex…
36 terms
Psychology Chapter 2
4 Primary goals of Science
Scientific Method
Theory
Hypothesis
description... prediction... control... explanation
a systematic procedure scientists follow. Theory —> Hypothesi…
an explanation or model of how a phenomenon works.
a specific, testable prediction, narrower than the theory it…
4 Primary goals of Science
description... prediction... control... explanation
Scientific Method
a systematic procedure scientists follow. Theory —> Hypothesi…
AP Psychology Chapter 2
scientific method
empirical investigation
theory
hypothesis
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and…
an approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
a testable explanation for a set of facts
possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
scientific method
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and…
empirical investigation
an approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
28 terms
Psychology: Chapter 2 Vocabulary
constructs
hypothesis
replicated
survey
aggressiveness or anxiety; can be assumed present but cannot…
educated guess
in terms of experimentation: results that are the same
a series of questions about a particular subject
constructs
aggressiveness or anxiety; can be assumed present but cannot…
hypothesis
educated guess
44 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
empiricism
scientific method
theory
hypothesis
the belief that accurate knowledge can be acquired through ob…
a procedure for finding truth by using empirical evidence
a hypothetical explanation of a natural phenomenon
a falsifiable prediction made by a theory
empiricism
the belief that accurate knowledge can be acquired through ob…
scientific method
a procedure for finding truth by using empirical evidence
56 terms
Chapter 2:Psychology vocabulary
Biological psychologists
Neurons
Dendrite
Axon
Psychologists who are concerned with the links between biolog…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
The bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
The extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
Biological psychologists
Psychologists who are concerned with the links between biolog…
Neurons
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
166 terms
Understanding Psychology by Morris and Maisto (Chapter 2)
Neuroscience
Psychobiology
Hemiplegia
Neuropsychologists
Study of the brain and the nervous system.
Deals with the biological bases of behavior and mental proces…
Partial paralysis of the left side of the brain
Study the brain's influence on behavior.
Neuroscience
Study of the brain and the nervous system.
Psychobiology
Deals with the biological bases of behavior and mental proces…
72 terms
Psychology: Chapter 2 Terms
biological psychology
neuron
dendrites
axon
the scientific study of the links between biological (genetic…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
a neuron's often bushy, branching extensions that receive mes…
the neuron extension that passes messages through its branche…
biological psychology
the scientific study of the links between biological (genetic…
neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Psychology Chapter 2
Neurons
Brain
Soma
Axon
nerve cells
mass of nerve tissue encased in the skull that controls every…
Cell body of a neuron that contains the nucleus of the cell a…
The tube like part of a neuron that carries messages away fro…
Neurons
nerve cells
Brain
mass of nerve tissue encased in the skull that controls every…
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
placebo
double-blind study
hypothesis
subjects
a "medicine" that has no active ingredients and works by the…
a study during which neither participants nor researchers kno…
a statement of the results that the experiment expects
people or animals on whom a study is conducted
placebo
a "medicine" that has no active ingredients and works by the…
double-blind study
a study during which neither participants nor researchers kno…
42 terms
Psychology Vocabulary Chapter 2
Scientific Method
Empirical Investigation
Theory
Hypothesis
A five step process for empirical investigation of a hypothes…
An approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
A testable explanation for a set of facts or observations. In…
A statement predicting the outcome of a scientific study; a s…
Scientific Method
A five step process for empirical investigation of a hypothes…
Empirical Investigation
An approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
30 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Sample
Naturalistic Observation
Case Study
Survey
Small group of participants, out of the total number availabl…
Research method in which the psychologist observed the subjec…
Research method that involves an intensive investigation of o…
Research method in which information is obtained by asking ma…
Sample
Small group of participants, out of the total number availabl…
Naturalistic Observation
Research method in which the psychologist observed the subjec…
36 terms
Meyers Psychology Chapter 2 - Neuroscience & Behavior
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Myelin Sheath
A nerve cell; basic building block of the nervous system
The bushy branches of a neuron that receives messages and sen…
The extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
A layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of ma…
Neuron
A nerve cell; basic building block of the nervous system
Dendrite
The bushy branches of a neuron that receives messages and sen…
33 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
survey
informed consent
debriefing
confidentiality
a general examination of someone/something
permission granted in the knowledge of the possible consequen…
a procedure conducted at the end of an experiment to reveal t…
a set of rules or a promise that limits access or places rest…
survey
a general examination of someone/something
informed consent
permission granted in the knowledge of the possible consequen…
53 terms
Psychology chapter 2 vocabulary
Biology psychology
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Branch of psychology concerned with links between biology and…
Nerve cell; building block of nervous system
Part of neuron that receives messages and conducts impulses t…
Part of neuron that passes messages to the other neuron or mu…
Biology psychology
Branch of psychology concerned with links between biology and…
Neuron
Nerve cell; building block of nervous system
24 terms
Chapter 2 Psychological Methods Vocabulary
Construct
Hypothesis
Replicate(d)
Survey
idea that cannot be seen or measured directly
a prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
to repeat research study, usually with different participants…
a research technique for acquiring data about the attitudes o…
Construct
idea that cannot be seen or measured directly
Hypothesis
a prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
79 terms
Chapter 2 Psychology Vocabulary
neuron
dendrites
soma
axon
basic cell that makes up the nervous system; receives and sen…
branchlike structures that receive messages from other neurons
the cell body of the neuron responsible for maintaining the l…
tube-like structure that carries the neural message to other…
neuron
basic cell that makes up the nervous system; receives and sen…
dendrites
branchlike structures that receive messages from other neurons
58 terms
AP Psychology ~ Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Nerve Cells; the basic building blocks of the neural informat…
Branching fibers that receive impulses from other cells at sy…
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
Biological Psychology
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Neuron
Nerve Cells; the basic building blocks of the neural informat…
32 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
neuron
dendrite
axon
myelin sheath
-a nerve cell... -the basic building block of the nervous system
-bushy , branching extensions of a neuron ... -receive messages…
-the extension of a neuron... -ending in branching terminal fibe…
a layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of ma…
neuron
-a nerve cell... -the basic building block of the nervous system
dendrite
-bushy , branching extensions of a neuron ... -receive messages…
61 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Agonists
Acetylcholine
Action potential
Adrenal glands
Chemical substances that mimic or enhance the effects of a ne…
A neurotransmitter that is involved in arousal, attention, me…
The release of the neural impulse, consisting of a reversal o…
Endocrine glands located on top of each kidney that secrete o…
Agonists
Chemical substances that mimic or enhance the effects of a ne…
Acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter that is involved in arousal, attention, me…
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Theories
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
Scientific Method
Broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena ... of i…
A prediction, stemming from a theory, stated in a way that ... a…
The translation of a hypothesis into specific, testable ... proc…
The approach through which psychologists systematically acqui…
Theories
Broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena ... of i…
Hypothesis
A prediction, stemming from a theory, stated in a way that ... a…
28 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Constructs
Hypothesis
Replicated
Survey
Idea that cannot be seen or measured directly
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
To repeat a research study, usually with different participan…
A research technique for acquiring data about the attitudes o…
Constructs
Idea that cannot be seen or measured directly
Hypothesis
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Constructs
Hypothesis
Replicated
Survey
not empirical evidence, cannot be seen or measured, assumed.
educated guess. usually a if then statement relating to the a…
any study must be replicated in order and have the same resul…
people are asked a certain amount of questions about a partic…
Constructs
not empirical evidence, cannot be seen or measured, assumed.
Hypothesis
educated guess. usually a if then statement relating to the a…
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