Study sets matching "psych vocab chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "psych vocab chapter 2"

31 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Construct
Hypothesis
Replicate
Survey
An idea or theory containing various conceptual elements, typ…
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
To repeat a research study, usually with different participan…
A research technique for acquiring data about the attitudes o…
Construct
An idea or theory containing various conceptual elements, typ…
Hypothesis
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
Psychology Chapter 2
Jane Goodall
Naturalistic Observation
Case Study
Survey
A British anthropologist and the world's leading expert on ch…
Observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situa…
A descriptive study that includes an intensive study of one p…
A type of study, generally in the form of an interview or que…
Jane Goodall
A British anthropologist and the world's leading expert on ch…
Naturalistic Observation
Observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situa…
30 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
placebo
hypothesis
subjects
variables
a "medicine" that has no active ingredients and works by the…
a statement of the results that the experimenter expects
people or animals on whom a study is conducted
factors that change in an experiment
placebo
a "medicine" that has no active ingredients and works by the…
hypothesis
a statement of the results that the experimenter expects
18 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Biological Perspective
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
links between biology and behavior
a nerve cell
branching extensions that receive messages
passes message through it
Biological Perspective
links between biology and behavior
Neuron
a nerve cell
52 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
biological perspective
neuron
dendrites
axon
Emphasizes genetics, the roles of various parts of the brain,…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
biological perspective
Emphasizes genetics, the roles of various parts of the brain,…
neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
79 terms
Chapter 2: Ciccarelli Psychology
Nervous System
Neuroscience
Behavioral Neuroscience
Neuron
A network of cells that carries information to and from all p…
Branch of Life Sciences that deals with the structure and fun…
Branch of neuroscience that focuses on the biological bases o…
The specialized cell in the nervous system that receives and…
Nervous System
A network of cells that carries information to and from all p…
Neuroscience
Branch of Life Sciences that deals with the structure and fun…
46 terms
Psychology Chapter 2: Vocabulary
critical thinking
empirical science
scientific method
hypothesis
approach to the examination of arguments based on skepticism,…
a science that obtains evidence by experience or experimentat…
approach to acquiring or confirming knowledge that is based o…
within the science of psychology, a specific statement about…
critical thinking
approach to the examination of arguments based on skepticism,…
empirical science
a science that obtains evidence by experience or experimentat…
11 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Sample
Naturalistic Observation
Case Study
Survey
Small group of participants, out of the total number availabl…
Research method where subject is observed in a natural settin…
Research method that involves an intensive investigation of o…
Research method in which information is obtained by asking ma…
Sample
Small group of participants, out of the total number availabl…
Naturalistic Observation
Research method where subject is observed in a natural settin…
Psychology: Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
Nerve (or tract)
Individual cells that are the smallest units of the nervous s…
Short fibers that branch out from the cell body and pick up i…
Single long fiber extending from the cell body; it carries ou…
A group of axons bundled together.
Neuron
Individual cells that are the smallest units of the nervous s…
Dendrites
Short fibers that branch out from the cell body and pick up i…
56 terms
Chapter 2:Psychology vocabulary
Biological psychologists
Neurons
Dendrite
Axon
Psychologists who are concerned with the links between biolog…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
The bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
The extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
Biological psychologists
Psychologists who are concerned with the links between biolog…
Neurons
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
24 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Sample
Naturalistic Observation
Case Study
Survey
The small group pf participants, out of the total number avai…
Research method in which the psychologist observes the subjec…
Research method that involves an intensive investigation of o…
Research method in which information is observed by asking ma…
Sample
The small group pf participants, out of the total number avai…
Naturalistic Observation
Research method in which the psychologist observes the subjec…
20 terms
Psychology and You: Chapter 2
placebo
double-blind study
hypothesis
subjects
a "medicine" that has no active ingredients and works by the…
a study during which neither participants nor researchers kno…
a statement of the results that the experiment excepts
people or animals on whom a study is conducted
placebo
a "medicine" that has no active ingredients and works by the…
double-blind study
a study during which neither participants nor researchers kno…
39 terms
Psychology 30 - Chapter 2: Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Applied vs. Basic Research
Hypothesis
Independent/Dependent Variable
Also known as the knew-it-all-along effect or creeping determ…
Applied research is research that seeks to answer a question…
A supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of li…
A variable is any factor, trait, or condition that can exist…
Hindsight Bias
Also known as the knew-it-all-along effect or creeping determ…
Applied vs. Basic Research
Applied research is research that seeks to answer a question…
Chapter 2 Psychology Vocab
Mimic
Skeletal
Involuntary
Vicinity
To imitate the behavior of someone
A muscle that is attached to the bones of the skeleton and pr…
Autonomic... Breathing is an example of this type of action.
Surrounding area
Mimic
To imitate the behavior of someone
Skeletal
A muscle that is attached to the bones of the skeleton and pr…
40 terms
AP psychology chapter 2
scientific method
empirical investigation
theory
hypothesis
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and…
an approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
a testable explanation for a set of facts
possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
scientific method
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and…
empirical investigation
an approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
Chapter 2 Psychology vocabulary
Double-blind study
Experimental group
Longitudinal studies
Independent variable
An experiment where neither the experimenter nor the particip…
Participant in an experiment who are exposed to the independe…
A psychology studies the same group of people at regular inte…
A variable that experimenters manipulate.
Double-blind study
An experiment where neither the experimenter nor the particip…
Experimental group
Participant in an experiment who are exposed to the independe…
13 terms
Psychology chapter 2
Self Awareness
Self honesty
Self consciousness
Emotional awareness
The process of paying attention to yourself
The ability to see your strengths and weakness clearly
The tendency to frequently think about and observe yourself
The process of recognizing ,identifying ,and accepting your e…
Self Awareness
The process of paying attention to yourself
Self honesty
The ability to see your strengths and weakness clearly
44 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
empiricism
scientific method
theory
hypothesis
the belief that accurate knowledge can be acquired through ob…
a procedure for finding truth by using empirical evidence
a hypothetical explanation of a natural phenomenon
a falsifiable prediction made by a theory
empiricism
the belief that accurate knowledge can be acquired through ob…
scientific method
a procedure for finding truth by using empirical evidence
28 terms
Psychology: Chapter 2 Vocabulary
constructs
hypothesis
replicated
survey
aggressiveness or anxiety; can be assumed present but cannot…
educated guess
in terms of experimentation: results that are the same
a series of questions about a particular subject
constructs
aggressiveness or anxiety; can be assumed present but cannot…
hypothesis
educated guess
24 terms
Understanding Psychology: Chapter 2
sample
naturalistic observation
case study
survey
the small group of participants, out of the total number avai…
research method in which the psychologist observes the subjec…
research method that involves an intensive investigation of o…
research method in which information is obtained by asking ma…
sample
the small group of participants, out of the total number avai…
naturalistic observation
research method in which the psychologist observes the subjec…
31 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Construct
Hypothesis
Replicated
Survey
An idea or theory containing various conceptual elements, typ…
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
To repeat a research study, usually with different participan…
A research technique for acquiring data about the attitudes o…
Construct
An idea or theory containing various conceptual elements, typ…
Hypothesis
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
Psychology Chapter 2
The cell becomes positively charged on…
do so in an all-or-none fashion.
does not happen.
receptor site
What occurs to a neuron when it receives a chemical message?
When neurons fire and transmit messages, they:
Partial firing of a neuron:
A molecule of neurotransmitter is to a _______ as a key is to…
The cell becomes positively charged on…
What occurs to a neuron when it receives a chemical message?
do so in an all-or-none fashion.
When neurons fire and transmit messages, they:
42 terms
Psychology Vocabulary Chapter 2
Scientific Method
Empirical Investigation
Theory
Hypothesis
A five step process for empirical investigation of a hypothes…
An approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
A testable explanation for a set of facts or observations. In…
A statement predicting the outcome of a scientific study; a s…
Scientific Method
A five step process for empirical investigation of a hypothes…
Empirical Investigation
An approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
53 terms
Psychology chapter 2 vocabulary
Biology psychology
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Branch of psychology concerned with links between biology and…
Nerve cell; building block of nervous system
Part of neuron that receives messages and conducts impulses t…
Part of neuron that passes messages to the other neuron or mu…
Biology psychology
Branch of psychology concerned with links between biology and…
Neuron
Nerve cell; building block of nervous system
Psychology Vocabulary Chapter 2
constructs
hypothesis
replicates
survey
idea that cannot be seen or measured directly
a prediction about behavior
to repeat a research study
asking people questions
constructs
idea that cannot be seen or measured directly
hypothesis
a prediction about behavior
61 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Agonists
Acetylcholine
Action potential
Adrenal glands
Chemical substances that mimic or enhance the effects of a ne…
A neurotransmitter that is involved in arousal, attention, me…
The release of the neural impulse, consisting of a reversal o…
Endocrine glands located on top of each kidney that secrete o…
Agonists
Chemical substances that mimic or enhance the effects of a ne…
Acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter that is involved in arousal, attention, me…
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Theories
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
Scientific Method
Broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena ... of i…
A prediction, stemming from a theory, stated in a way that ... a…
The translation of a hypothesis into specific, testable ... proc…
The approach through which psychologists systematically acqui…
Theories
Broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena ... of i…
Hypothesis
A prediction, stemming from a theory, stated in a way that ... a…
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
survey
informed consent
debriefing
confidentiality
a general examination of someone/something
permission granted in the knowledge of the possible consequen…
a procedure conducted at the end of an experiment to reveal t…
a set of rules or a promise that limits access or places rest…
survey
a general examination of someone/something
informed consent
permission granted in the knowledge of the possible consequen…
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Constructs
Hypothesis
Replicated
Survey
not empirical evidence, cannot be seen or measured, assumed.
educated guess. usually a if then statement relating to the a…
any study must be replicated in order and have the same resul…
people are asked a certain amount of questions about a partic…
Constructs
not empirical evidence, cannot be seen or measured, assumed.
Hypothesis
educated guess. usually a if then statement relating to the a…
56 terms
Vocabulary Chapter 2 AP Psychology
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
A long, thin fiber that transmits signals away from the neuro…
Biological Psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
28 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Phrenology
Localization of function
Biological Perspective
Biopsychosocial
Study of the shape of a skull as indicative of the strengths…
the principle that specific functions have relatively circums…
way of looking at psychological topics by studying the physic…
the biological, psychological, and social aspects in contrast…
Phrenology
Study of the shape of a skull as indicative of the strengths…
Localization of function
the principle that specific functions have relatively circums…
21 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary - Psychology
Scientific Method
Confirmation Bias
Critical Thinking
Participant Bias
A method of learning about the world through the application…
A tendency to search for information that confirms a preconce…
Type of thinking used to examine assumptions, discern hidden…
A tendency for research participants to behave in a certain w…
Scientific Method
A method of learning about the world through the application…
Confirmation Bias
A tendency to search for information that confirms a preconce…
79 terms
Chapter 2 Psychology Vocabulary
neuron
dendrites
soma
axon
basic cell that makes up the nervous system; receives and sen…
branchlike structures that receive messages from other neurons
the cell body of the neuron responsible for maintaining the l…
tube-like structure that carries the neural message to other…
neuron
basic cell that makes up the nervous system; receives and sen…
dendrites
branchlike structures that receive messages from other neurons
29 terms
Psychology - Chapter 2 - Vocabulary
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Neuron
Cell Body
The part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and…
The neurons that connect the central nervous system to the re…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
The part of a neuron that produces the energy needed for the…
Central Nervous System
The part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and…
Peripheral Nervous System
The neurons that connect the central nervous system to the re…
50 terms
Psychology Chapter 2
the nervous system
Neuroscience
structure of the neuron
glial cells
carries information to and from all parts of the body
a branch of the sciences that deals with the structures and f…
-they separate, support, nourish, and insulate the neurons fr…
the nervous system
carries information to and from all parts of the body
Neuroscience
a branch of the sciences that deals with the structures and f…
24 terms
Psychology chapter 2 vocabulary
Sample
Naturalistic observation
Case study
Survey
The small group of participants, out of total number availabl…
Research method in which the psychologist observes the subjec…
Research method that involves an intensive investigation of o…
Research method in which information is obtained by asking ma…
Sample
The small group of participants, out of total number availabl…
Naturalistic observation
Research method in which the psychologist observes the subjec…
41 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Anecdotal Evidence
Case Study
Confounding of Variables
Control Group
Personal stories about specific incidents and experiences.
An in-depth investigation of an individual subject.
A condition that exists whenever two variables are linked tog…
Subjects in a study who do not receive the special treatment…
Anecdotal Evidence
Personal stories about specific incidents and experiences.
Case Study
An in-depth investigation of an individual subject.
28 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Constructs
Hypothesis
Replicated
Survey
Idea that cannot be seen or measured directly
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
To repeat a research study, usually with different participan…
A research technique for acquiring data about the attitudes o…
Constructs
Idea that cannot be seen or measured directly
Hypothesis
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
15 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Sample
Naturalistic observation
Case study
Survey
The small group of participants; out of the total number avai…
Research method in which the psychologist observes the subjec…
Research method that involves an intensive investigation of o…
Research method in which information is obtained by asking ma…
Sample
The small group of participants; out of the total number avai…
Naturalistic observation
Research method in which the psychologist observes the subjec…
31 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary (Psychology)
Construct
Hypothesis
Replicated
Survey
It can be assumed that it is present but it cannot be seen or…
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
For the findings of a study to be confirmed the study must be…
A research technique for acquiring data about the attitudes o…
Construct
It can be assumed that it is present but it cannot be seen or…
Hypothesis
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
18 terms
psychology vocabulary chapter 2
placebo
double-blind study
hypothesis
subjects
a medicine that has no active ingredients and works by the po…
a study during which neither participants nor researchers kno…
a statement of the results that the experimenter expects
people or animals on whom the experiment is conducted
placebo
a medicine that has no active ingredients and works by the po…
double-blind study
a study during which neither participants nor researchers kno…
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
biological psychology
neuron
dendrite
axon
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
biological psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
58 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
biological perspective
neuron
dendrites
axon
Concerned w/ the links between biology and behavior. Includes…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
The neuron extension that passes messages though its branches…
biological perspective
Concerned w/ the links between biology and behavior. Includes…
neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Ap Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Acetylcholine
Action Potential
Adrenal Glands
All or nothing law
A neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory and also…
A neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down…
a pair of endocrine glands that sit just above the kidneys an…
The principle that either a neuron is sufficiently stimulated…
Acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory and also…
Action Potential
A neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down…
47 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Neuron
Dendrites
Neurotransmitter
Central Nervous System (CNS)
The basic cell that makes up the nervous system and that rece…
Branch-like structures that receive messages from other neuro…
Chemical found in the synaptic vesicles that, when released,…
Part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal…
Neuron
The basic cell that makes up the nervous system and that rece…
Dendrites
Branch-like structures that receive messages from other neuro…
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Neuroanatomy
Neuron
Dendrite
Cell Body
Study of the parts and the function of neurons
individual nerve cell, which is the basic building block of t…
all the bushy fibers on the end of a neuron that receive info…
Also called Soma it contains the nucleus and other parts of t…
Neuroanatomy
Study of the parts and the function of neurons
Neuron
individual nerve cell, which is the basic building block of t…
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Case Study
Longitudinal Method
Cross-Sectional Method
Naturalistic Observation
an in-depth study of a single person or group to reveal some…
a type of research in which the same people are studied over…
a method of research that looks at different age groups at th…
the study of behavior in naturally occurring situations witho…
Case Study
an in-depth study of a single person or group to reveal some…
Longitudinal Method
a type of research in which the same people are studied over…
34 terms
Psychology- Chapter 2 Vocabulary
scientific method
hypothesis
data
constructs
set of principles for advancing knowledge via observation and…
an educated guess that can be tested by research
collection of information
it can be assumed they are present, but they cannot be seen o…
scientific method
set of principles for advancing knowledge via observation and…
hypothesis
an educated guess that can be tested by research
23 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
allele
chromosomes
dizygotic (DZ) twins
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
An alternative form of a specific gene.
Structures in the nucleus of each cell that contain the genes…
Twins that develop from two different eggs that are simultane…
The complex molecule that is the constituent of genes.
allele
An alternative form of a specific gene.
chromosomes
Structures in the nucleus of each cell that contain the genes…
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
variable
theory
hypothesis
operational definition
anything that can change
a broad idea or set of closely related ideas that attempts to…
an educated guess that derives logically from a theory: a pre…
a definition that provides an objective description of how a…
variable
anything that can change
theory
a broad idea or set of closely related ideas that attempts to…
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