Study sets matching "psych vocab chapter 3"

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Study sets matching "psych vocab chapter 3"

39 terms
psychology chapter 3
biopsychology
neuroscience
DNA
gene
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
deoxyribonucleic acid, the material that contains the informa…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
biopsychology
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
neuroscience
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
Chapter 3 Psychology Vocabulary
Rooting Reflex
Gripping Reflex
Developmental Psychology
Socialization
Infant's response in turning toward the source of touching th…
Infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or h…
Study of changes that occur as an individual matures
Process of learning the behavior rules of one's culture
Rooting Reflex
Infant's response in turning toward the source of touching th…
Gripping Reflex
Infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or h…
18 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Review
Dopamine
Neurotransmitters:... (chemical messengers)
Damage to Broca's Area and Wernicke's…
Endocrine System
A neurotransmitter - involved in motor behavior
Chemicals that are stored in sacs in the axon terminals - A n…
Broca's area - Located in the frontal lobe; responsible for t…
Consists of 5 glands that secrete hormones.
Dopamine
A neurotransmitter - involved in motor behavior
Neurotransmitters:... (chemical messengers)
Chemicals that are stored in sacs in the axon terminals - A n…
Psychology: Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Receptor cell
Absolute threshold
Difference threshold or just noticeabl…
Weber's law
A specialized cell that responds to a particular type of ener…
The least amount of energy that can be detected as a stimulat…
The smallest change in stimulation that can be detected fifty…
The principle that the jnd for any given sense is a constant…
Receptor cell
A specialized cell that responds to a particular type of ener…
Absolute threshold
The least amount of energy that can be detected as a stimulat…
Psychology- Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Neuroscience
Cognition/Cognitive Processes
Mental Representations
concerns itself with the structure of the mind
combines knowledge about the brain with knowledge about cogni…
perception, problem solving, language, attention, memory, thi…
what cognitions are based on
Cognitive Psychology
concerns itself with the structure of the mind
Cognitive Neuroscience
combines knowledge about the brain with knowledge about cogni…
31 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
A large bundle of nerve fibers that tr…
There are four of these major division…
A lengthy depression marking off an ar…
One half of the brain; each one contro…
Corpus Callosum
Frontal lobe, Parietal lobe, Occipital lobe, temporal lobe
Fissure
Hemisphere
A large bundle of nerve fibers that tr…
Corpus Callosum
There are four of these major division…
Frontal lobe, Parietal lobe, Occipital lobe, temporal lobe
35 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Review
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurons (nerve cells)
Dendrites
Central Nervous System
Made up of nerve cells that send messages between the central…
Send and receive messages from other structures in the body (…
Thin fibers that receive information from other neurons; pass…
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Made up of nerve cells that send messages between the central…
Neurons (nerve cells)
Send and receive messages from other structures in the body (…
42 terms
Chapter 3: Ciccarelli Psychology
Sensation
Pupil
Iris
Cornea
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Iris opening that changes size depending on the amount of lig…
Its muscles control the size of the pupil.
Bends light waves to the image can be focused on the retina.
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Pupil
Iris opening that changes size depending on the amount of lig…
Psychology Vocabulary Chapter 3
developmental psychology
grasping reflex
rooting reflex
maturation
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm or his o…
an infant's response in turning toward the source of touching…
the internally programmed growth of a child
developmental psychology
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
grasping reflex
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm or his o…
67 terms
Chapter 3 Psychology Vocabulary
Biopsychology
Neuroscience
Evolution
Natural Selection
the specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of b…
a relatively new interdisciplinary field that focuses on the…
the gradual process of biological change that occurs in a spe…
the driving force behind evolution, by which the environment…
Biopsychology
the specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of b…
Neuroscience
a relatively new interdisciplinary field that focuses on the…
Psychology Chapter 3
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
neurons
Cell Body
brain and spinal cord
Nerve cells that send messages between CNS and the rest of th…
nerve cells--run through our entire body and communicate with…
produces energy that fuels the activity of the cell
Central Nervous System
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Nerve cells that send messages between CNS and the rest of th…
Psychology chapter 3
sensation
Just Noticeable Difference (JND)
visible spectrum
wavelength
the process through which the senses pick up visual auditory,…
The smallest change in sensation that a person is able to det…
the narrow band of light waves that are visible to the eye
measure of the distance from the peak of a light wave to the…
sensation
the process through which the senses pick up visual auditory,…
Just Noticeable Difference (JND)
The smallest change in sensation that a person is able to det…
63 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
neurons
cell body (soma)
dendrite
axon
cells in the nervous system that communicate with one another…
the part of a neuron that coordinates information-processing…
the part of a neuron that receives information from other neu…
the part of a neuron that carries information to other neuron…
neurons
cells in the nervous system that communicate with one another…
cell body (soma)
the part of a neuron that coordinates information-processing…
Psychology Chapter 3
sensory neurons... motor neurons... intern…
synapse
demyelinating
dopamine
The nervous system is comprised of three types of neurons
Connections between neurons occur at what are called
Multiple sclerosis is a result of
Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, and encephalitis lethargi…
sensory neurons... motor neurons... intern…
The nervous system is comprised of three types of neurons
synapse
Connections between neurons occur at what are called
Psychology- Chapter 3 Vocabulary
chromosomes
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
genes
genome
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
a complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
the biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosome…
the complete instructions for making an organism, consisting…
chromosomes
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
a complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
92 terms
Psychology- Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Action Potential
adrenal gland
agonist
all-or-none
electrical signal that moves down the neuron's axon
sits atop our kidneys and secretes hormones involved in the s…
drug that mimics or strengthens the effects of a neurotransmi…
phenomenon that incoming signal from another neuron is either…
Action Potential
electrical signal that moves down the neuron's axon
adrenal gland
sits atop our kidneys and secretes hormones involved in the s…
92 terms
Psychology vocabulary chapter 3
action potential
adrenal gland
agonist
all-or-none
electrical signal that moves down the neuron's axon
sits atop our kidneys and secretes hormones involved in the s…
drug that mimics or strengthens the effects of a neurotransmi…
phenomenon that incoming signal from another neuron is either…
action potential
electrical signal that moves down the neuron's axon
adrenal gland
sits atop our kidneys and secretes hormones involved in the s…
66 terms
AP psychology chapter 3
biopsychology
neuroscience
evolution
natural selection
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
the gradual change in a species over time
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variat…
biopsychology
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
neuroscience
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
Chapter 3 Psychology Vocabulary
sensation
sensory adaptation
rods
cones
the process that occurs when special receptors in the sense o…
tendency of sensory receptor cells to become less responsive…
visual sensory receptors found at the back of the retina resp…
visual sensory receptors found at the back of the retina, res…
sensation
the process that occurs when special receptors in the sense o…
sensory adaptation
tendency of sensory receptor cells to become less responsive…
65 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Absolute refractory period
Action potential
Adaptation
Adoption studies
The minimum length of time after an action potential during w…
A brief change in a neuron's electrical charge.
An inherited characteristic that increased in a population (t…
Research studies that assess hereditary influence by examinin…
Absolute refractory period
The minimum length of time after an action potential during w…
Action potential
A brief change in a neuron's electrical charge.
18 terms
Chapter 3 Psychology Vocabulary
development psychology
grasping reflex
rooting reflex
telegraphic speech
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his o…
an infant's response in turning toward the source of touching…
the kind of verbal utterances in which words are left out, bu…
development psychology
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
grasping reflex
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his o…
74 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
What is sensation?
Perception
Visible spectrum
Wavelength
The process through which the senses pick up visual, auditory…
The process by which the brain actively organizes and interpr…
The narrow band of light waves that are visible to the human…
A measure of the distance from the peak of a light wave to th…
What is sensation?
The process through which the senses pick up visual, auditory…
Perception
The process by which the brain actively organizes and interpr…
24 terms
Chapter 3 psychology vocabulary
Nativists
Empiricists
Evolutionary psychology
Behavioral genetics
Emphasized genes and inborn characteristics; or nature.
Focused on learning and experience; or nurture.
A field of psychology emphasizing evolutionary mechanisms tha…
An interdisciplinary field of study concerned with genetic co…
Nativists
Emphasized genes and inborn characteristics; or nature.
Empiricists
Focused on learning and experience; or nurture.
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurons
Cell Body
The part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and…
The neurons that connect the central nervous system to the re…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
The part of a neuron that produces energy needed for the acti…
Central Nervous System
The part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and…
Peripheral Nervous System
The neurons that connect the central nervous system to the re…
29 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Sensation
Habituation
Sensory adaptation
Rods
special senses in sense organs activate, outside stimuli beco…
brain stops attending to constant, unchanging info
sensory receptor cells become less responsive to stimulus tha…
visual sensory receptors found in the back of retina, respons…
Sensation
special senses in sense organs activate, outside stimuli beco…
Habituation
brain stops attending to constant, unchanging info
46 terms
Psychology - Chapter 3 Vocabulary
consciousness
cognitive neuroscience
dual processing
blindsight
awareness of ourselves and the environment
study of the brain activity linked with cognition
two-track mind, information taken in on separate consciousness
when a person can respond to a something visually without act…
consciousness
awareness of ourselves and the environment
cognitive neuroscience
study of the brain activity linked with cognition
Psychology Chapter 3 Flashcards
Vision
White Light
Hearing
Decibel Scale
Being able to visual see the environment around you
Ordinary daylight that contains all the wavelengths and visib…
Perceiving sound through wavelengths
The measure of sound level
Vision
Being able to visual see the environment around you
White Light
Ordinary daylight that contains all the wavelengths and visib…
28 terms
Holt Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neurons
cell body
the part of the nervous system that contains the brain and sp…
the neurons that connect the central nervous system to the re…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
the part of the neuron that produces the energy needed for th…
central nervous system
the part of the nervous system that contains the brain and sp…
peripheral nervous system
the neurons that connect the central nervous system to the re…
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
developmental psychology
grasping reflex
rooting reflex
telegraphic speech
the study of changes that occur while an individual matures
an infants clinging to a touch on the palm of his or her hand
an infants response in turning toward the source of touching…
the kind of verbal utterances in which words are left out, bu…
developmental psychology
the study of changes that occur while an individual matures
grasping reflex
an infants clinging to a touch on the palm of his or her hand
14 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Cerebral Cortex
Frontal Lobe
Motor Strip
Occipital Lobe
the outermost layer of the brain controls high-level mental p…
division of the cerebral cortex that contains the motor strip…
band running down the side of the frontal lobe that controls…
division of the cerebral cortex that interprets visual inform…
Cerebral Cortex
the outermost layer of the brain controls high-level mental p…
Frontal Lobe
division of the cerebral cortex that contains the motor strip…
Psychology: Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Neuroscience
Cognition
Mental Representations
Studies the structure and functions of the mind. How you come…
Combines knowledge of the brain with knowledge of cognitive p…
Things such as perception, thinking, problem solving, memory,…
Cognition is based upon this and includes images, words, and…
Cognitive Psychology
Studies the structure and functions of the mind. How you come…
Cognitive Neuroscience
Combines knowledge of the brain with knowledge of cognitive p…
28 terms
Psychology: Chapter 3 Vocabulary
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neurons
cell body
brain and spinal cord
nerve cells that send messages between central nervous system…
nerve cells that run through entire body that communicate wit…
produces energy that fuels the neurons' activity
central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
nerve cells that send messages between central nervous system…
Vocabulary Chapter 3 - Psychology
Central nervous system
Spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
neurons
the brain and spinal cord
nerves that run down the length of the back and transmit most…
nerves branch our from the spinal cord
the long,thin cells of nerve tissue along which messages trav…
Central nervous system
the brain and spinal cord
Spinal cord
nerves that run down the length of the back and transmit most…
59 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Neurons
Cell Body
Dendrite
Axon
Cells in the nervous system that communicate with one another…
The part of a neuron that coordinates information-processing…
The part of a neuron that receives information from other neu…
The part of a neuron that transmits information to other neur…
Neurons
Cells in the nervous system that communicate with one another…
Cell Body
The part of a neuron that coordinates information-processing…
79 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Sensation
Perception
Sensory Receptors
Transduction
The process of detecting physical stimulus
The process of integrating, organizing, and interpreting sens…
Specialized cells unique to each sense organ that respond to…
The process by which a form of physical energy is converted i…
Sensation
The process of detecting physical stimulus
Perception
The process of integrating, organizing, and interpreting sens…
psychology chapter 3 vocabulary
neuroscience
complexity
integration
adaptability
the study of the body's electrochemical communication circuity
demonstration of work through billions of nerve cells in the…
the pulling of information together which the brain does
the alternation of behavior due to the environment; this is n…
neuroscience
the study of the body's electrochemical communication circuity
complexity
demonstration of work through billions of nerve cells in the…
71 terms
Psychology chapter 3 vocabulary
Cognitive psychology
Cognitive neuroscience
Cognition
Mental representations
Concerns itself with the psychology of the mind
Combines knowledge about the brain with knowledge about cogni…
Refers to cognitive processes such as thinking, problem solvi…
Cognition is based on one's mental representations of the wor…
Cognitive psychology
Concerns itself with the psychology of the mind
Cognitive neuroscience
Combines knowledge about the brain with knowledge about cogni…
21 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
developmental psychology
grasping reflex
rooting reflex
maturation
the study of changes that occur as someone matures
infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of the hand
infant's response to turn toward the source of touching that…
internally programmed growth
developmental psychology
the study of changes that occur as someone matures
grasping reflex
infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of the hand
47 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Neurons
Cell Body
Dendrite
Axon
Cells in the nervous system that communicate with one another…
The part of a neuron that coordinates information-processing…
The part of a neuron that receives information from other neu…
The part of a neuron that transmits information to other neur…
Neurons
Cells in the nervous system that communicate with one another…
Cell Body
The part of a neuron that coordinates information-processing…
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Consciousness
Cognitive Neuroscience
Dual Processing
Selective Attention
Our awareness of ourselves an our environment.
The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
The principle that information is often simultaneously proces…
The focusing on conscious awareness on a particular stimulus.
Consciousness
Our awareness of ourselves an our environment.
Cognitive Neuroscience
The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
21 terms
Psychology - Chapter 3 Vocabulary
developmental psychology
grasping reflex
rooting reflex
maturation
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
the response to touch on the palm of the hand
if a new born is touched new their mouth, they will move to s…
natural growth of a child
developmental psychology
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
grasping reflex
the response to touch on the palm of the hand
95 terms
Psychology: Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Natural selection
Mutation
Evolutionary psychology
Species
Core concept of the theory of evolution that holds that adapt…
Sudden variation in an inheritable characteristic as distingu…
Branch of psychology that studies the ways adaptation and nat…
Category of biological classification consisting of related o…
Natural selection
Core concept of the theory of evolution that holds that adapt…
Mutation
Sudden variation in an inheritable characteristic as distingu…
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Grasping reflex
Rooting Reflex
Maturation
Telegraphic speech
an infants clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or…
an infants response in turning toward the source of touching…
the internally programmed growth of a child
the kind of verbal utterances in which words are left out, bu…
Grasping reflex
an infants clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or…
Rooting Reflex
an infants response in turning toward the source of touching…
31 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Environment
Behavior genetics
Chromosome
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
Every nongenetic influence, from parental nutrition to the pe…
Study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environ…
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
Complex molecule containing the genetic information that make…
Environment
Every nongenetic influence, from parental nutrition to the pe…
Behavior genetics
Study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environ…
29 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neurons
cell body
consists of the brain and the spinal cord
made up of nerve cells that send messages between the central…
nerve cells
produced energy that fuels the activity of the cell
central nervous system
consists of the brain and the spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
made up of nerve cells that send messages between the central…
29 terms
Chapter 3 Psychology Vocabulary
chromosomes
DNA
genes
genome
threadlike structure that contains genes
complex molecule containing the genetic information that make…
biochemical units of hereditary that make up the chromosomes;…
the complete instructions for making an organism, consisting…
chromosomes
threadlike structure that contains genes
DNA
complex molecule containing the genetic information that make…
AP Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
nervous system
plasticity
afferent nerves
efferent nerves
the system of the body that functions as the electrochemical…
the brain and nervous systems capacity to adapt to changes in…
sensory nerves; carry information to the brain & spinal cord;…
motor nerves; carry information from the brain & spinal cord;…
nervous system
the system of the body that functions as the electrochemical…
plasticity
the brain and nervous systems capacity to adapt to changes in…
63 terms
Chapter 3 Psychology Vocabulary
sensation
transduction
absolute threshold
habituation
the process that occurs when special receptors in the sense o…
the process of converting outside stimuli into neural activity
the lowest level of stimulation that a person can consciously…
tendency of the brain to stop attending to constant, unchangi…
sensation
the process that occurs when special receptors in the sense o…
transduction
the process of converting outside stimuli into neural activity
psychology chapter 3 vocabulary
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neurons
cell body
consists of the brain and spinal cord
made up of nerve cells that send messages between the central…
nerve cells that run through our entire bodies and communicat…
produces energy that fuels the activity of the cell
central nervous system
consists of the brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
made up of nerve cells that send messages between the central…
29 terms
Chapter 3 Vocabulary- Psychology
Central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neuron
cell body
the part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and…
the neurons that connect the central nervous system to the re…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
the part of a neuron that produced the energy needed for the…
Central nervous system
the part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and…
peripheral nervous system
the neurons that connect the central nervous system to the re…
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