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Study sets matching "psych vocab chapter 3"

39 terms
psychology chapter 3
biopsychology
neuroscience
DNA
gene
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
deoxyribonucleic acid, the material that contains the informa…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
biopsychology
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
neuroscience
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
Chapter 3 Psychology Vocabulary
Rooting Reflex
Gripping Reflex
Developmental Psychology
Socialization
Infant's response in turning toward the source of touching th…
Infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or h…
Study of changes that occur as an individual matures
Process of learning the behavior rules of one's culture
Rooting Reflex
Infant's response in turning toward the source of touching th…
Gripping Reflex
Infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or h…
18 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Review
Dopamine
Neurotransmitters:... (chemical messengers)
Damage to Broca's Area and Wernicke's…
Endocrine System
A neurotransmitter - involved in motor behavior
Chemicals that are stored in sacs in the axon terminals - A n…
Broca's area - Located in the frontal lobe; responsible for t…
Consists of 5 glands that secrete hormones.
Dopamine
A neurotransmitter - involved in motor behavior
Neurotransmitters:... (chemical messengers)
Chemicals that are stored in sacs in the axon terminals - A n…
42 terms
Chapter 3: Ciccarelli Psychology
Sensation
Pupil
Iris
Cornea
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Iris opening that changes size depending on the amount of lig…
Its muscles control the size of the pupil.
Bends light waves to the image can be focused on the retina.
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Pupil
Iris opening that changes size depending on the amount of lig…
24 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
neurons
Cell Body
brain and spinal cord
Nerve cells that send messages between CNS and the rest of th…
nerve cells--run through our entire body and communicate with…
produces energy that fuels the activity of the cell
Central Nervous System
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Nerve cells that send messages between CNS and the rest of th…
31 terms
Psychology: Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Receptor cell
Absolute threshold
Difference threshold or just noticeabl…
Weber's law
A specialized cell that responds to a particular type of ener…
The least amount of energy that can be detected as a stimulat…
The smallest change in stimulation that can be detected fifty…
The principle that the jnd for any given sense is a constant…
Receptor cell
A specialized cell that responds to a particular type of ener…
Absolute threshold
The least amount of energy that can be detected as a stimulat…
13 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
neurons
Cell Body
brain and spinal cord
Nerve cells that send messages between CNS and the rest of th…
nerve cells--run through our entire body and communicate with…
produces energy that fuels the activity of the cell
Central Nervous System
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Nerve cells that send messages between CNS and the rest of th…
29 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Sensation
Habituation
Sensory adaptation
Rods
special senses in sense organs activate, outside stimuli beco…
brain stops attending to constant, unchanging info
sensory receptor cells become less responsive to stimulus tha…
visual sensory receptors found in the back of retina, respons…
Sensation
special senses in sense organs activate, outside stimuli beco…
Habituation
brain stops attending to constant, unchanging info
69 terms
Psychology- Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Neuroscience
Cognition/Cognitive Processes
Mental Representations
concerns itself with the structure of the mind
combines knowledge about the brain with knowledge about cogni…
perception, problem solving, language, attention, memory, thi…
what cognitions are based on
Cognitive Psychology
concerns itself with the structure of the mind
Cognitive Neuroscience
combines knowledge about the brain with knowledge about cogni…
66 terms
AP psychology chapter 3
biopsychology
neuroscience
evolution
natural selection
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
the gradual change in a species over time
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variat…
biopsychology
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
neuroscience
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
28 terms
Psychology: Chapter 3 Vocabulary
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neurons
cell body
brain and spinal cord
nerve cells that send messages between central nervous system…
nerve cells that run through entire body that communicate wit…
produces energy that fuels the neurons' activity
central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
nerve cells that send messages between central nervous system…
28 terms
Holt Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neurons
cell body
the part of the nervous system that contains the brain and sp…
the neurons that connect the central nervous system to the re…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
the part of the neuron that produces the energy needed for th…
central nervous system
the part of the nervous system that contains the brain and sp…
peripheral nervous system
the neurons that connect the central nervous system to the re…
27 terms
Psychology chapter 3
sensation
Just Noticeable Difference (JND)
visible spectrum
wavelength
the process through which the senses pick up visual auditory,…
The smallest change in sensation that a person is able to det…
the narrow band of light waves that are visible to the eye
measure of the distance from the peak of a light wave to the…
sensation
the process through which the senses pick up visual auditory,…
Just Noticeable Difference (JND)
The smallest change in sensation that a person is able to det…
31 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
A large bundle of nerve fibers that tr…
There are four of these major division…
A lengthy depression marking off an ar…
One half of the brain; each one contro…
Corpus Callosum
Frontal lobe, Parietal lobe, Occipital lobe, temporal lobe
Fissure
Hemisphere
A large bundle of nerve fibers that tr…
Corpus Callosum
There are four of these major division…
Frontal lobe, Parietal lobe, Occipital lobe, temporal lobe
67 terms
Chapter 3 Vocabulary - Psychology
Biopsychology
Neuroscience
Evolution
Natural Selection
A specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of bio…
A relatively new interdisciplinary field that focuses on the…
The gradual process of biological change that occurs in a spe…
The driving force behind evolution by which the environment s…
Biopsychology
A specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of bio…
Neuroscience
A relatively new interdisciplinary field that focuses on the…
35 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Review
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurons (nerve cells)
Dendrites
Central Nervous System
Made up of nerve cells that send messages between the central…
Send and receive messages from other structures in the body (…
Thin fibers that receive information from other neurons; pass…
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Made up of nerve cells that send messages between the central…
Neurons (nerve cells)
Send and receive messages from other structures in the body (…
67 terms
Psychology: Chapter 3
Sensation
Perception
Absolute Threshold
Difference Threshold
Bringing information through the senses
Actively organizing and interpreting the information brought…
Minimum amount of sensory stimulation that can be detected 50…
Minimum difference detected 50% of the time (Two bowling ball…
Sensation
Bringing information through the senses
Perception
Actively organizing and interpreting the information brought…
92 terms
Psychology- Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Action Potential
adrenal gland
agonist
all-or-none
electrical signal that moves down the neuron's axon
sits atop our kidneys and secretes hormones involved in the s…
drug that mimics or strengthens the effects of a neurotransmi…
phenomenon that incoming signal from another neuron is either…
Action Potential
electrical signal that moves down the neuron's axon
adrenal gland
sits atop our kidneys and secretes hormones involved in the s…
92 terms
Psychology vocabulary chapter 3
action potential
adrenal gland
agonist
all-or-none
electrical signal that moves down the neuron's axon
sits atop our kidneys and secretes hormones involved in the s…
drug that mimics or strengthens the effects of a neurotransmi…
phenomenon that incoming signal from another neuron is either…
action potential
electrical signal that moves down the neuron's axon
adrenal gland
sits atop our kidneys and secretes hormones involved in the s…
71 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Neuroanatomy
Neuron
Dendrites
Soma
the branch of anatomy dealing with the nervous system
a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional…
the branching process of a neuron that conducts impulses towa…
the body of an organism as contrasted with its germ cells
Neuroanatomy
the branch of anatomy dealing with the nervous system
Neuron
a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional…
67 terms
Chapter 3 Psychology Vocabulary
Biopsychology
Neuroscience
Evolution
Natural Selection
the specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of b…
a relatively new interdisciplinary field that focuses on the…
the gradual process of biological change that occurs in a spe…
the driving force behind evolution, by which the environment…
Biopsychology
the specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of b…
Neuroscience
a relatively new interdisciplinary field that focuses on the…
Psychology- Chapter 3 Vocabulary
chromosomes
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
genes
genome
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
a complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
the biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosome…
the complete instructions for making an organism, consisting…
chromosomes
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
a complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Psychology Chapter 3
sensory neurons... motor neurons... intern…
synapse
demyelinating
dopamine
The nervous system is comprised of three types of neurons
Connections between neurons occur at what are called
Multiple sclerosis is a result of
Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, and encephalitis lethargi…
sensory neurons... motor neurons... intern…
The nervous system is comprised of three types of neurons
synapse
Connections between neurons occur at what are called
65 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Absolute refractory period
Action potential
Adaptation
Adoption studies
The minimum length of time after an action potential during w…
A brief change in a neuron's electrical charge.
An inherited characteristic that increased in a population (t…
Research studies that assess hereditary influence by examinin…
Absolute refractory period
The minimum length of time after an action potential during w…
Action potential
A brief change in a neuron's electrical charge.
34 terms
Psychology: Chapter 3 Terms
sleep
circadian rhythm
REM sleep
alpha waves
periodic, natural loss of consciousness -- as distinct from u…
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
rapid eye movement sleep; a recurring sleep stage during whic…
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state
sleep
periodic, natural loss of consciousness -- as distinct from u…
circadian rhythm
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
Psychology Vocabulary Chapter 3
developmental psychology
grasping reflex
rooting reflex
maturation
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm or his o…
an infant's response in turning toward the source of touching…
the internally programmed growth of a child
developmental psychology
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
grasping reflex
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm or his o…
74 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
What is sensation?
Perception
Visible spectrum
Wavelength
The process through which the senses pick up visual, auditory…
The process by which the brain actively organizes and interpr…
The narrow band of light waves that are visible to the human…
A measure of the distance from the peak of a light wave to th…
What is sensation?
The process through which the senses pick up visual, auditory…
Perception
The process by which the brain actively organizes and interpr…
28 terms
Holt Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neurons
cell body
the part of the nervous system that contains the brain and sp…
the neurons that connect the central nervous system to the re…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
the part of the neuron that produces the energy needed for th…
central nervous system
the part of the nervous system that contains the brain and sp…
peripheral nervous system
the neurons that connect the central nervous system to the re…
37 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 3: Consciousness
consciousness
circadian rhythm
REM (rapid eye movement) sleep
alpha waves
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
rapid eye movement sleep; a recurring sleep stage during whic…
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state.
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
circadian rhythm
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
63 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
neurons
cell body (soma)
dendrite
axon
cells in the nervous system that communicate with one another…
the part of a neuron that coordinates information-processing…
the part of a neuron that receives information from other neu…
the part of a neuron that carries information to other neuron…
neurons
cells in the nervous system that communicate with one another…
cell body (soma)
the part of a neuron that coordinates information-processing…
47 terms
Psychology and You: Chapter 3
cerebral cortex
hemisphere
corpus callosum
lobes
-the outermost layer of the brain ... -largest structure
one half of the cerebral cortex; each half controls that oppo…
-bundle of nerves that connect the two hemispheres... -allows th…
4 major divisions of the cerebral cortex
cerebral cortex
-the outermost layer of the brain ... -largest structure
hemisphere
one half of the cerebral cortex; each half controls that oppo…
10 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Flashcards
Vision
White Light
Hearing
Decibel Scale
Being able to visual see the environment around you
Ordinary daylight that contains all the wavelengths and visib…
Perceiving sound through wavelengths
The measure of sound level
Vision
Being able to visual see the environment around you
White Light
Ordinary daylight that contains all the wavelengths and visib…
31 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Environment
Behavior genetics
Chromosome
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
Every nongenetic influence, from parental nutrition to the pe…
Study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environ…
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
Complex molecule containing the genetic information that make…
Environment
Every nongenetic influence, from parental nutrition to the pe…
Behavior genetics
Study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environ…
29 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Key Terms
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurons
Cell Body
the complex of nerve tissues that controls the activities of…
the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord.
a specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses; a nerve cell.
the nucleus-containing central part of a neuron exclusive of…
Central Nervous System
the complex of nerve tissues that controls the activities of…
Peripheral Nervous System
the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord.
59 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
nervous system
plasticity
afferent nerves
efferent nerves
the system of the body that functions as the electrochemical…
the brain and nervous systems capacity to adapt to changes in…
sensory nerves; carry information to the brain & spinal cord;…
motor nerves; carry information from the brain & spinal cord;…
nervous system
the system of the body that functions as the electrochemical…
plasticity
the brain and nervous systems capacity to adapt to changes in…
21 terms
Chapter 3 Psychology Vocabulary (Eye)
Sclera
cornea
choroid coat
pupil
protects the eye and helps move eye
focuses the light coming into the eye
nourishes the retina and absorbs light
hole that lets things through the iris
Sclera
protects the eye and helps move eye
cornea
focuses the light coming into the eye
19 terms
Chapter 3 Psychology Vocabulary
sensation
sensory adaptation
rods
cones
the process that occurs when special receptors in the sense o…
tendency of sensory receptor cells to become less responsive…
visual sensory receptors found at the back of the retina resp…
visual sensory receptors found at the back of the retina, res…
sensation
the process that occurs when special receptors in the sense o…
sensory adaptation
tendency of sensory receptor cells to become less responsive…
18 terms
Chapter 3 Psychology Vocabulary
development psychology
grasping reflex
rooting reflex
telegraphic speech
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his o…
an infant's response in turning toward the source of touching…
the kind of verbal utterances in which words are left out, bu…
development psychology
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
grasping reflex
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his o…
66 terms
AP psychology chapter 3
biopsychology
neuroscience
evolution
natural selection
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
the gradual change in a species over time
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variat…
biopsychology
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
neuroscience
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
29 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Neurons
Cell body
...The part of the nervous system that consists of the brain…
...The neurons that connect the central nervous system to the…
...A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous syst…
...The part of a neuron that produces the energy needed for t…
Central nervous system
...The part of the nervous system that consists of the brain…
Peripheral nervous system
...The neurons that connect the central nervous system to the…
22 terms
Chapter 3/ Analytical psychology
Analytical Psychology
psyche
Psyche
libido
The school of psychology founded by Carl Jung.
-From the Greek term meaning "breath" or "principle of life",…
all psychological processes, thoughts, feelings, sensations,…
In Freud's theory, and emotional and psychic energy derived f…
Analytical Psychology
The school of psychology founded by Carl Jung.
psyche
-From the Greek term meaning "breath" or "principle of life",…
107 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 (Sensation)
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
Adaption
Transmission of neural impulses to the brain, by activation o…
Our individual understanding and awareness of an environment.…
Conversion of stimuli received by the receptors into a form (…
Occurs very rapidly when odors and tastes are involved, loss…
Sensation
Transmission of neural impulses to the brain, by activation o…
Perception
Our individual understanding and awareness of an environment.…
31 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurons
Cell body
the part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and…
the neurons that connect the central nervous system to the re…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
the part of a neuron that produces the energy needed for acti…
Central Nervous System
the part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and…
Peripheral Nervous System
the neurons that connect the central nervous system to the re…
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
cerebral cortex
fissure
hemisphere
corpus callosum
the outermost layer of the brain; controls high level mental…
a depression marking off an area of the cerebral cortex
one half of the cerebral cortex; each half controls the oppos…
a large bundle of nerve fibers that transfer information from…
cerebral cortex
the outermost layer of the brain; controls high level mental…
fissure
a depression marking off an area of the cerebral cortex
23 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
Sensation
Perception
Amplitude
Saturation
Activation of receptors by stimuili in the environment (When…
The process of organizing and making sense of sensory informa…
Strength or intensity of a stimulus (brightness for visual st…
Trueness or purity of a color.
Sensation
Activation of receptors by stimuili in the environment (When…
Perception
The process of organizing and making sense of sensory informa…
66 terms
AP psychology chapter 3
biopsychology
neuroscience
evolution
natural selection
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
the gradual change in a species over time
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variat…
biopsychology
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
neuroscience
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
15 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
developmental psychology
grasping reflex
rooting reflex
telegraphic speech
the study of changes that occur while an individual matures
an infants clinging to a touch on the palm of his or her hand
an infants response in turning toward the source of touching…
the kind of verbal utterances in which words are left out, bu…
developmental psychology
the study of changes that occur while an individual matures
grasping reflex
an infants clinging to a touch on the palm of his or her hand
61 terms
Psychology Vocabulary Chapter 3
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neurons
neurotransmitter
Brain and the Spinal Cord
all other nerves that send messages from the CNS to other par…
individual nerve cells that make up the nervous system. The s…
chemicals stored in the axon terminals; when a neuron fires,…
central nervous system
Brain and the Spinal Cord
peripheral nervous system
all other nerves that send messages from the CNS to other par…
29 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurons
Cell Body
The part of the Nervous System that consists of the brain and…
The neurons that connect the central nervous system to the re…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
The part of a neuron that produces the energy needed for the…
Central Nervous System
The part of the Nervous System that consists of the brain and…
Peripheral Nervous System
The neurons that connect the central nervous system to the re…
21 terms
Understanding Psychology Chapter 3
developmental psychology
grasping reflex
rooting reflex
maturation
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his o…
an infant's response in turning toward the source of touching…
the internally programmed growth of a child
developmental psychology
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
grasping reflex
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his o…
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