Study sets matching "psych vocab"

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Study sets matching "psych vocab"

19 terms
Psychology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
physiological
cognitive
psychology
Scientific Method
physical needs: sleep, hunger.
having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental…
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes through…
A systematic approach used in scientific study that typically…
physiological
physical needs: sleep, hunger.
cognitive
having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental…
596 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
absolute threshold
accommodation
achievement motivation
achievement tests
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
(1) the process by which the eye's lens changes shape to focu…
a desire for significant accomplishment; for mastery of thing…
tests designed to assess what a person has learned
absolute threshold
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
accommodation
(1) the process by which the eye's lens changes shape to focu…
26 terms
Psychology // Module 1 Vocabulary
psychology
basic research
applied research
structuralism
scientific study of behavior and mental processes
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge b…
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
theory that the structure of conscious experience could be un…
psychology
scientific study of behavior and mental processes
basic research
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge b…
30 terms
Psychology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions
an explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
a testable prediction, often implied by a theory
hindsight bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
critical thinking
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions
76 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
Abstract
Acquisition
Alienation
Anabolic
Not part of concrete existence; theoretical
Attainment or achievement
Isolation, estrangement, dissociation
A phase of metabolism in which substances are synthesized int…
Abstract
Not part of concrete existence; theoretical
Acquisition
Attainment or achievement
12 terms
Psychology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
psychology
theory
research psychologists
applied psychologists
the scientific study of mental processes and behavior
a general framework for scientific study; smaller aspects can…
psychologists who study the origin, cause, or results of cert…
psychologists who make direct use of the findings of research…
psychology
the scientific study of mental processes and behavior
theory
a general framework for scientific study; smaller aspects can…
35 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
Psychology
Theory
Structuralism
Functionalism
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes
A system of ideas used to explain something
Early perspective in psychology associated with Wilhelm Wundt…
Early perspective in psychology associated with William James…
Psychology
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Theory
A system of ideas used to explain something
37 terms
Module 4 Vocabulary- Psychology
developmental psychology
zygote
embryo
fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
developmental psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
49 terms
Psychology - Chapter 14 Vocabulary
psychopathology
situational context
subjective discomfort
maladaptive
the study of abnormal behavior and psychological dysfunction.
the social or environmental setting of a person's behavior.
emotional distress or emotional pain.
anything that does not allow a person to function within or a…
psychopathology
the study of abnormal behavior and psychological dysfunction.
situational context
the social or environmental setting of a person's behavior.
23 terms
Psychology Module 7 Vocabulary
Brainstem
Medulla
Reticular formation
Computerized axial tomography
The oldest part and central core of the brain; it begins wher…
located at the base of the brain stem, it controls basic life…
A nerve network in the brainstem that plays an important role…
A series of X-ray photographs taken from different angles and…
Brainstem
The oldest part and central core of the brain; it begins wher…
Medulla
located at the base of the brain stem, it controls basic life…
25 terms
Psychology - Module 2 vocabulary
hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
hindsight bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
critical thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
24 terms
Psychology Module 4 Vocabulary
Scientific method
Confirmation Bias
Naturalistic Observation
Case Study
a method of learning about the world through the application…
a tendency to search for information that confirms a preconce…
observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situa…
A research technique in which one person is studied in depth…
Scientific method
a method of learning about the world through the application…
Confirmation Bias
a tendency to search for information that confirms a preconce…
24 terms
Psychology Module 17 Vocabulary
Personality
Sigmund Freud
Psychoanalysis
Psychodynamic Perspective
individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and…
founder of psychoanalysis
Freud's theory of personality and therapeutic technique that…
view of personality that retains some aspects of Freudian the…
Personality
individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and…
Sigmund Freud
founder of psychoanalysis
31 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Construct
Hypothesis
Replicate
Survey
An idea or theory containing various conceptual elements, typ…
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
To repeat a research study, usually with different participan…
A research technique for acquiring data about the attitudes o…
Construct
An idea or theory containing various conceptual elements, typ…
Hypothesis
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
15 terms
Psychology Module 5 Vocabulary
Statistics
Frequency Distribution
Measures of Central Tendency
Mode
a comparative, informative tool used in research
A list of scores ordered from highest to lowest
Mode, Median and Mean
The score that occurs most frequently in a distribution
Statistics
a comparative, informative tool used in research
Frequency Distribution
A list of scores ordered from highest to lowest
46 terms
Psychology Unit 3 Vocabulary
brain
cerebral cortex
fissure
hemisphere
The most demanding organ of the body. It uses 20% of all our…
1. The outermost layer of the brain.... 2. Controls high-level m…
A depression marking off an area of the cerebral cortex.
1. One half of the cerebral cortex.... 2. Each half controls the…
brain
The most demanding organ of the body. It uses 20% of all our…
cerebral cortex
1. The outermost layer of the brain.... 2. Controls high-level m…
28 terms
Psychology Module 6 Vocabulary
Neuron
Dendrite
Soma
Axon
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
The branching extensions of a neuron that receive information…
The cell body of a neuron, which contains the nucleus and oth…
the extension of a neuron through which neural impulses are s…
Neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Dendrite
The branching extensions of a neuron that receive information…
47 terms
Psychology Unit 4 Vocabulary
absolute threshold
adaptation
sensation
perception
the level of sensory stimulation necessary for sensation to o…
the gradual loss of attention to unneeded or unwanted sensory…
the process of receiving information from the environment
the process of assembling and organizing sensory information…
absolute threshold
the level of sensory stimulation necessary for sensation to o…
adaptation
the gradual loss of attention to unneeded or unwanted sensory…
Chapter 3 Psychology Vocabulary
Rooting Reflex
Gripping Reflex
Developmental Psychology
Socialization
Infant's response in turning toward the source of touching th…
Infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or h…
Study of changes that occur as an individual matures
Process of learning the behavior rules of one's culture
Rooting Reflex
Infant's response in turning toward the source of touching th…
Gripping Reflex
Infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or h…
30 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
placebo
hypothesis
subjects
variables
a "medicine" that has no active ingredients and works by the…
a statement of the results that the experimenter expects
people or animals on whom a study is conducted
factors that change in an experiment
placebo
a "medicine" that has no active ingredients and works by the…
hypothesis
a statement of the results that the experimenter expects
25 terms
Psychology - Module 4 Vocabulary
lesion
brainstem
medulla
thalamus
tissue destruction (naturally or experimentally caused destru…
the oldest part and central core of the brain, beginning wher…
the base of the brainstem, controls heartbeat and breathing
the brain's sensory router, located on top of the brainstem;…
lesion
tissue destruction (naturally or experimentally caused destru…
brainstem
the oldest part and central core of the brain, beginning wher…
35 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
mid brain
hindbrain
forebrain
cerebellum
Sleep cycle, reticular
Base process of life
Brains central core
Posture, balance, movements
mid brain
Sleep cycle, reticular
hindbrain
Base process of life
30 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
Applied Research
Basic Research
Behavioral Psychology
Behaviorism
A form of systematic inquiry that applies the scientific meth…
Is scientific research aimed to improve scientific theories f…
Understands human functions by analyzing our behavior.
Behavior can be formed through conditioning.
Applied Research
A form of systematic inquiry that applies the scientific meth…
Basic Research
Is scientific research aimed to improve scientific theories f…
25 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
introspection
structuralism
functionalism
psychoanalytic theory
the examination or observation of one's own mental and emotio…
a method of interpretation and analysis of aspects of human c…
belief in or stress on the practical application of a thing,…
the theory of personality organization and the dynamics of pe…
introspection
the examination or observation of one's own mental and emotio…
structuralism
a method of interpretation and analysis of aspects of human c…
7 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
Physiological
Cognitive
Psychology
Hypothesis
Having to do with an organisms physical processes.
Having to do with organisms thinking and understanding.
The scientific study of behavior that is tested through scien…
An assumption or prediction about behavior that is tested thr…
Physiological
Having to do with an organisms physical processes.
Cognitive
Having to do with organisms thinking and understanding.
55 terms
Psychology Vocabulary.
abandon
analogues
apathy
awareness
to give up the idea of doing smth (v)
similar, nearly the same (adj)
lack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern
knowledge about smth (n)
abandon
to give up the idea of doing smth (v)
analogues
similar, nearly the same (adj)
29 terms
AP Psychology Learning Vocabulary Quiz
operant conditioning
classical conditioning
unconditioned response
conditioned response
a type of learning which behavior is strengthened if followed…
a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate st…
In classical conditioning, the unlearned, naturally occurring…
In classical conditioning, the learned response to a previous…
operant conditioning
a type of learning which behavior is strengthened if followed…
classical conditioning
a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate st…
21 terms
psychology vocabulary
CHAPTER 1
psychology
behavior
cognitive acitivities
I D K :-)
the way people behave and think
anything someone does in which another person can watch
private thoughts made by one person in which only that person…
CHAPTER 1
I D K :-)
psychology
the way people behave and think
26 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
Computational cognitive psychology
Cognitive psychology
Insight
Incubation
Usage of computation to investigate in some cognitive problem…
A psychology field that concerning cognitive questions.
The experience of suddenly realizing how to solve a problem.
A stage of problem solving in which you put the problem aside…
Computational cognitive psychology
Usage of computation to investigate in some cognitive problem…
Cognitive psychology
A psychology field that concerning cognitive questions.
35 terms
Chapter 4 Vocabulary Psychology
central nervous system
spinal cord
spinal reflexes
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
The portion of the nervous system consisting of the brain
A collection of neurons and supportive tissue running from th…
Automatic behaviors produced by the spinal cord without brain…
All portions of the nervous system outside the brain and the…
central nervous system
The portion of the nervous system consisting of the brain
spinal cord
A collection of neurons and supportive tissue running from th…
Psychology Vocabulary
Zygote
Maturation
Schemas
Egocentrism
A fertilized egg
The act or process of maturing
A trained mindset
The inability to differentiate between self and other
Zygote
A fertilized egg
Maturation
The act or process of maturing
psychology vocabulary
alpha waves
insomnia
night terrors
circadian rhythm
fairly relaxed brain waves occurring just before falling asleep
recurring problems with falling asleep or staying awake
horrible dream occurring in NREM that can be acted out
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms that occur on a…
alpha waves
fairly relaxed brain waves occurring just before falling asleep
insomnia
recurring problems with falling asleep or staying awake
195 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
behaviorism
humanistic psychology
cognitive neuroscience
psychology
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
historically significant perspective that emphasized the grow…
the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
the science of behavior and mental processes
behaviorism
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
humanistic psychology
historically significant perspective that emphasized the grow…
593 terms
Psychology-Vocabulary
Psychology
Determinism
Free Will
Mind-brain problem
the systematic study of behavior and experience.
the idea that every event has a cause, or determinant, that o…
the belief that behavior is caused by a person's independent…
the philosophical question of how experience relates to the b…
Psychology
the systematic study of behavior and experience.
Determinism
the idea that every event has a cause, or determinant, that o…
16 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
socialization
contact comfort
separation anxiety
language
the process by which children learn the behaviors, attitudes,…
the innate pleasure derived from close physical contact
distress that most children develop, at about 6-8 months of a…
a system that combines meaningless elements to form a structu…
socialization
the process by which children learn the behaviors, attitudes,…
contact comfort
the innate pleasure derived from close physical contact
Psychology vocabulary
Wilhelm Wundt
Four goals of Psychology
Scientific Method
Psychology
Credited with setting up the first psychology lab in Germany.
Describe,explain,predict, and influence behavior
A general approach to gathering information and answering que…
The study of behavior in animals and humans tested through sc…
Wilhelm Wundt
Credited with setting up the first psychology lab in Germany.
Four goals of Psychology
Describe,explain,predict, and influence behavior
Psychology Vocabulary
Associationism
Construct
Generalization
Gestalt
Experiences are explained by past experiences
An idea or theory containing various conceptual elements
A general statement or concept obtained by inference from spe…
Perceptions are wholes that give shape, or meanings, to parts
Associationism
Experiences are explained by past experiences
Construct
An idea or theory containing various conceptual elements
Psychology Vocabulary
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up processing
Top-down processing
The 5 senses that come into the body and to the brain. Smell,…
The way that the body and brain interpret these senses and co…
When a stimulus is presented short, and clarity is uncertain
How our brains make use of information that has already been…
Sensation
The 5 senses that come into the body and to the brain. Smell,…
Perception
The way that the body and brain interpret these senses and co…
92 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
Action potential
Adrenal gland
Agonist
All-or-none
electrical signal that moves down the neuron's axon
sits atop our kidneys and secretes hormones involved in the s…
drug that mimics or strengthens the effects of a neurotransmi…
phenomenon that incoming signal from another neuron is either…
Action potential
electrical signal that moves down the neuron's axon
Adrenal gland
sits atop our kidneys and secretes hormones involved in the s…
51 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Myelin Sheath
Building blocks of the nervous system. Responsible for sendin…
Receive Information
Passes information to other neurons, muscles or glands
Insulates the axons and speeds their impluses
Neuron
Building blocks of the nervous system. Responsible for sendin…
Dendrite
Receive Information
30 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
Fixed Mindset
Growth Mindset
Intelligence
Holism
people believe their basic qualities, like their intelligence…
people believe their basic qualities can be developed through…
ability to learn from experience, solve problems and use know…
the theory that parts of a whole are in intimate interconnect…
Fixed Mindset
people believe their basic qualities, like their intelligence…
Growth Mindset
people believe their basic qualities can be developed through…
612 terms
AP Psychology Full Course Vocabulary
Empiricism
Structuralism
Functionalism
Experimental Psychology
The view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
Developed by Edward Bradford Titchener, it focused on self-re…
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
The study of behavior and thinking using the experimental met…
Empiricism
The view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
Structuralism
Developed by Edward Bradford Titchener, it focused on self-re…
15 terms
Psychology vocabulary
Applied psychology
Crowding
Educational psychology
Density
The field that uses psychological principals to improve the l…
The psycholoigical experience that other are too close
The field that applies psychological concepts to teaching and…
The number of people per unit
Applied psychology
The field that uses psychological principals to improve the l…
Crowding
The psycholoigical experience that other are too close
14 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
B.F. Skinner
John Watson
Carl Jung
Sigmund Freud
-followed behaviorist views and added reinforcement... -people a…
-established Behaviorism (individual choice!)... Observable Beha…
-often referred to as C. G. Jung, was a Swiss psychiatrist an…
-most famous psychologist... -founded field of psychology called…
B.F. Skinner
-followed behaviorist views and added reinforcement... -people a…
John Watson
-established Behaviorism (individual choice!)... Observable Beha…
63 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Development Psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Development Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
Psychology Vocabulary
behaviorism
cognitive psychology
consciousness
empiricism
study of behavior
study of mental processes
awareness of ourselves and our environment
the belief that knowledge comes through experience
behaviorism
study of behavior
cognitive psychology
study of mental processes
52 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
Psychology
Empirical Approach
Psychobabble
Graphology
Study of the mind, mental processes and behaviors;... "Psyche" m…
A study conducted via careful observations and scientifically…
Speculation, exaggeration, or misunderstanding of psychology…
Claims of Persuasion
Psychology
Study of the mind, mental processes and behaviors;... "Psyche" m…
Empirical Approach
A study conducted via careful observations and scientifically…
83 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
psychological
cognitive
psychology
hypothesis
having to do with an organisms physical process
having to do with an organisms thinking and understanding
the scientific study of behavior that is tested through scien…
an assumption or prediction about behavior that is tested thr…
psychological
having to do with an organisms physical process
cognitive
having to do with an organisms thinking and understanding
26 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
Psychology
Nature
Nurture
Basic research
The stufy if mind and behavior.
inherited qualities
Qualities got by experiences
Scientific Research to improve scientific theories
Psychology
The stufy if mind and behavior.
Nature
inherited qualities
Psychology Vocabulary
Representative Heuristic
Automatic Processing
Effortful Processing
Hallucinogen
Rule of thumb for judging likelihood of things in terms of ho…
Unconscious encoding of incidental information . This happens…
Encoding that requires attention and conscious effort.... Ex. T…
Distorts a person's mental and perceptual abilities and often…
Representative Heuristic
Rule of thumb for judging likelihood of things in terms of ho…
Automatic Processing
Unconscious encoding of incidental information . This happens…
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