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Study sets matching "psych vocab"

26 terms
Psychology // Module 1 Vocabulary
psychology
basic research
applied research
structuralism
scientific study of behavior and mental processes
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge b…
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
theory that the structure of conscious experience could be un…
psychology
scientific study of behavior and mental processes
basic research
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge b…
30 terms
Psychology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions
an explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
a testable prediction, often implied by a theory
hindsight bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
critical thinking
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions
596 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
absolute threshold
accommodation
achievement motivation
achievement tests
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
(1) the process by which the eye's lens changes shape to focu…
a desire for significant accomplishment; for mastery of thing…
tests designed to assess what a person has learned
absolute threshold
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
accommodation
(1) the process by which the eye's lens changes shape to focu…
37 terms
Module 4 Vocabulary- Psychology
developmental psychology
zygote
embryo
fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
developmental psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
76 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
Abstract
Acquisition
Alienation
Anabolic
Not part of concrete existence; theoretical
Attainment or achievement
Isolation, estrangement, dissociation
A phase of metabolism in which substances are synthesized int…
Abstract
Not part of concrete existence; theoretical
Acquisition
Attainment or achievement
31 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Construct
Hypothesis
Replicated
Survey
An idea or theory containing various conceptual elements, typ…
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
To repeat a research study, usually with different participan…
A research technique for acquiring data about the attitudes o…
Construct
An idea or theory containing various conceptual elements, typ…
Hypothesis
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
12 terms
Psychology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
psychology
theory
research psychologists
applied psychologists
the scientific study of mental processes and behavior
a general framework for scientific study; smaller aspects can…
psychologists who study the origin, cause, or results of cert…
psychologists who make direct use of the findings of research…
psychology
the scientific study of mental processes and behavior
theory
a general framework for scientific study; smaller aspects can…
35 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
Psychology
Theory
Structuralism
Functionalism
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes
A system of ideas used to explain something
Early perspective in psychology associated with Wilhelm Wundt…
Early perspective in psychology associated with William James…
Psychology
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Theory
A system of ideas used to explain something
Chapter 3 Psychology Vocabulary
Rooting Reflex
Gripping Reflex
Developmental Psychology
Socialization
Infant's response in turning toward the source of touching th…
Infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or h…
Study of changes that occur as an individual matures
Process of learning the behavior rules of one's culture
Rooting Reflex
Infant's response in turning toward the source of touching th…
Gripping Reflex
Infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or h…
23 terms
Psychology Module 7 Vocabulary
Brainstem
Medulla
Reticular formation
Computerized axial tomography
The oldest part and central core of the brain; it begins wher…
located at the base of the brain stem, it controls basic life…
A nerve network in the brainstem that plays an important role…
A series of X-ray photographs taken from different angles and…
Brainstem
The oldest part and central core of the brain; it begins wher…
Medulla
located at the base of the brain stem, it controls basic life…
49 terms
Psychology - Chapter 14 Vocabulary
psychopathology
situational context
subjective discomfort
maladaptive
the study of abnormal behavior and psychological dysfunction.
the social or environmental setting of a person's behavior.
emotional distress or emotional pain.
anything that does not allow a person to function within or a…
psychopathology
the study of abnormal behavior and psychological dysfunction.
situational context
the social or environmental setting of a person's behavior.
25 terms
Psychology - Module 2 vocabulary
hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
hindsight bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
critical thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
31 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Construct
Hypothesis
Replicate
Survey
An idea or theory containing various conceptual elements, typ…
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
To repeat a research study, usually with different participan…
A research technique for acquiring data about the attitudes o…
Construct
An idea or theory containing various conceptual elements, typ…
Hypothesis
A prediction or assumption about behavior that is tested thro…
24 terms
Psychology Module 4 Vocabulary
Scientific method
Confirmation Bias
Naturalistic Observation
Case Study
a method of learning about the world through the application…
a tendency to search for information that confirms a preconce…
observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situa…
A research technique in which one person is studied in depth…
Scientific method
a method of learning about the world through the application…
Confirmation Bias
a tendency to search for information that confirms a preconce…
24 terms
Psychology Module 17 Vocabulary
Personality
Sigmund Freud
Psychoanalysis
Psychodynamic Perspective
individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and…
founder of psychoanalysis
Freud's theory of personality and therapeutic technique that…
view of personality that retains some aspects of Freudian the…
Personality
individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and…
Sigmund Freud
founder of psychoanalysis
15 terms
Psychology Module 5 Vocabulary
Statistics
Frequency Distribution
Measures of Central Tendency
Mode
a comparative, informative tool used in research
A list of scores ordered from highest to lowest
Mode, Median and Mean
The score that occurs most frequently in a distribution
Statistics
a comparative, informative tool used in research
Frequency Distribution
A list of scores ordered from highest to lowest
29 terms
AP Psychology Learning Vocabulary Quiz
operant conditioning
classical conditioning
unconditioned response
conditioned response
a type of learning which behavior is strengthened if followed…
a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate st…
In classical conditioning, the unlearned, naturally occurring…
In classical conditioning, the learned response to a previous…
operant conditioning
a type of learning which behavior is strengthened if followed…
classical conditioning
a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate st…
46 terms
Psychology Unit 3 Vocabulary
brain
cerebral cortex
fissure
hemisphere
The most demanding organ of the body. It uses 20% of all our…
1. The outermost layer of the brain.... 2. Controls high-level m…
A depression marking off an area of the cerebral cortex.
1. One half of the cerebral cortex.... 2. Each half controls the…
brain
The most demanding organ of the body. It uses 20% of all our…
cerebral cortex
1. The outermost layer of the brain.... 2. Controls high-level m…
28 terms
Psychology Module 6 Vocabulary
Neuron
Dendrite
Soma
Axon
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
The branching extensions of a neuron that receive information…
The cell body of a neuron, which contains the nucleus and oth…
the extension of a neuron through which neural impulses are s…
Neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Dendrite
The branching extensions of a neuron that receive information…
47 terms
Psychology Unit 4 Vocabulary
absolute threshold
adaptation
sensation
perception
the level of sensory stimulation necessary for sensation to o…
the gradual loss of attention to unneeded or unwanted sensory…
the process of receiving information from the environment
the process of assembling and organizing sensory information…
absolute threshold
the level of sensory stimulation necessary for sensation to o…
adaptation
the gradual loss of attention to unneeded or unwanted sensory…
30 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
placebo
hypothesis
subjects
variables
a "medicine" that has no active ingredients and works by the…
a statement of the results that the experimenter expects
people or animals on whom a study is conducted
factors that change in an experiment
placebo
a "medicine" that has no active ingredients and works by the…
hypothesis
a statement of the results that the experimenter expects
10 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
Psicólogo
Paciente
Pruebas psicológicas
Trastorno
Psychologist
Patient
Psychological tests
Disorder
Psicólogo
Psychologist
Paciente
Patient
25 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
introspection
structuralism
functionalism
psychoanalytic theory
the examination or observation of one's own mental and emotio…
a method of interpretation and analysis of aspects of human c…
belief in or stress on the practical application of a thing,…
the theory of personality organization and the dynamics of pe…
introspection
the examination or observation of one's own mental and emotio…
structuralism
a method of interpretation and analysis of aspects of human c…
30 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
Applied Research
Basic Research
Behavioral Psychology
Behaviorism
A form of systematic inquiry that applies the scientific meth…
Is scientific research aimed to improve scientific theories f…
Understands human functions by analyzing our behavior.
Behavior can be formed through conditioning.
Applied Research
A form of systematic inquiry that applies the scientific meth…
Basic Research
Is scientific research aimed to improve scientific theories f…
25 terms
Psychology - Module 4 Vocabulary
lesion
brainstem
medulla
thalamus
tissue destruction (naturally or experimentally caused destru…
the oldest part and central core of the brain, beginning wher…
the base of the brainstem, controls heartbeat and breathing
the brain's sensory router, located on top of the brainstem;…
lesion
tissue destruction (naturally or experimentally caused destru…
brainstem
the oldest part and central core of the brain, beginning wher…
63 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Development Psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Development Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
Psychology Vocabulary
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up processing
Top-down processing
The 5 senses that come into the body and to the brain. Smell,…
The way that the body and brain interpret these senses and co…
When a stimulus is presented short, and clarity is uncertain
How our brains make use of information that has already been…
Sensation
The 5 senses that come into the body and to the brain. Smell,…
Perception
The way that the body and brain interpret these senses and co…
Psychology vocabulary
Wilhelm Wundt
Four goals of Psychology
Scientific Method
Psychology
Credited with setting up the first psychology lab in Germany.
Describe,explain,predict, and influence behavior
A general approach to gathering information and answering que…
The study of behavior in animals and humans tested through sc…
Wilhelm Wundt
Credited with setting up the first psychology lab in Germany.
Four goals of Psychology
Describe,explain,predict, and influence behavior
55 terms
Psychology Vocabulary.
abandon
analogues
apathy
awareness
to give up the idea of doing smth (v)
similar, nearly the same (adj)
lack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern
knowledge about smth (n)
abandon
to give up the idea of doing smth (v)
analogues
similar, nearly the same (adj)
45 terms
Psychology vocabulary
Absolute threshold
Amplitude
Binaural cue
Binocular cue
minimum amount of stimulus energy that must be present for th…
height of a wave
two-eared cue to localize sound
cue that relies on the use of both eyes
Absolute threshold
minimum amount of stimulus energy that must be present for th…
Amplitude
height of a wave
92 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
Action potential
Adrenal gland
Agonist
All-or-none
electrical signal that moves down the neuron's axon
sits atop our kidneys and secretes hormones involved in the s…
drug that mimics or strengthens the effects of a neurotransmi…
phenomenon that incoming signal from another neuron is either…
Action potential
electrical signal that moves down the neuron's axon
Adrenal gland
sits atop our kidneys and secretes hormones involved in the s…
17 terms
Vocabulary -- What is Psychology?
psychology = psyche + logos... psyche =…
psychologist
Psychomythology... psyche = mind, soul o…
psychiatrist
A science that studies behaviour and mental processes of huma…
someone who practises psychology
Misinformation, myths and misconceptions about psychology tha…
a medical specialist who focuses on the disgnosis and treatme…
psychology = psyche + logos... psyche =…
A science that studies behaviour and mental processes of huma…
psychologist
someone who practises psychology
40 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
Psychology
Monism
Dualism
Structuralism
the scientific study of the human mind and its functions, esp…
a theory or doctrine that denies the existence of a distincti…
the division of something conceptually into two opposed or co…
a method of interpretation and analysis of aspects of human c…
Psychology
the scientific study of the human mind and its functions, esp…
Monism
a theory or doctrine that denies the existence of a distincti…
15 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
Representative Heuristic
Automatic Processing
Effortful Processing
Hallucinogen
Rule of thumb for judging likelihood of things in terms of ho…
Unconscious encoding of incidental information . This happens…
Encoding that requires attention and conscious effort.... Ex. T…
Distorts a person's mental and perceptual abilities and often…
Representative Heuristic
Rule of thumb for judging likelihood of things in terms of ho…
Automatic Processing
Unconscious encoding of incidental information . This happens…
42 terms
psychology vocabulary
what do psychologists do
psychologists
psychiatrists
psychology
describe, understand, predict, and influence/control human an…
PhD in psychology, 4 undergraduate, 2 graduate, 3 PhD
MD and residency in psychology, 4 undergraduate, 4 medical sc…
the science and behavior and mental processes
what do psychologists do
describe, understand, predict, and influence/control human an…
psychologists
PhD in psychology, 4 undergraduate, 2 graduate, 3 PhD
15 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
MRI
PET
EEG
Fluid Intelligence
(magnetic resonance imaging) A technique that uses magnetic f…
(positron emission tomography) A visual display of brain acti…
(electroencephalogram) An amplified recording of the waves of…
A person's ability to reason speedily and abstractly; tends t…
MRI
(magnetic resonance imaging) A technique that uses magnetic f…
PET
(positron emission tomography) A visual display of brain acti…
20 terms
Key Vocabulary - What is Psychology?
Psychology
Theory
Scientific
Method
Scientific study of behaviour and mental processes
A set of assumptions used to explain phenomena and offered fo…
A systematic approach used in scientific study that typically…
A defined, repeatable approach to address a particular type o…
Psychology
Scientific study of behaviour and mental processes
Theory
A set of assumptions used to explain phenomena and offered fo…
20 terms
Psychology Unit 1 Vocabulary
biopsychology
neuron
neurotransmitter
endorphins
Explains human thought in terms of the relationship between b…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Chemicals that transmit information from one neuron to another
Natural painkillers
biopsychology
Explains human thought in terms of the relationship between b…
neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
46 terms
psychology vocabulary
Phobia
Aristotle
Cognitive
Jung
unnatural fear of something
considered the father of psychology
latin for thinking
creator of archetype theory
Phobia
unnatural fear of something
Aristotle
considered the father of psychology
20 terms
Psychology Module 7 Vocabulary
Occipital Lobe
Temporal lobe
Motor Cortex
Sensory Cortex
The portion of the cerebral cortex lying at the back of the h…
The portion of the cerebral cortex lying roughly above the ea…
Strip of brain tissue area at the rear of the frontal lobes t…
A brain area at the front of the parietal lobed that register…
Occipital Lobe
The portion of the cerebral cortex lying at the back of the h…
Temporal lobe
The portion of the cerebral cortex lying roughly above the ea…
29 terms
Psychology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
adrenal glands
autonomic nervous system (ANS)
central nervous system (CNS)
cerebellum
glands that secrete hormones and adrenalin
part of the peripheral nervous system that controls internal…
the brain and spinal cord
a lower portion of the brain which controls posture and balan…
adrenal glands
glands that secrete hormones and adrenalin
autonomic nervous system (ANS)
part of the peripheral nervous system that controls internal…
33 terms
Understanding Psychology Chapter 1: The Origins of Psychology Vocabulary
Psychology
Scientific Method
Structuralism
Functionalism
The scientific study of the behavior of humans and other anim…
Careful observation of events in the world, the formation of…
Developed by Edward Bradford Titchener, it focused on self-re…
A historical school of psychology that believed mental proces…
Psychology
The scientific study of the behavior of humans and other anim…
Scientific Method
Careful observation of events in the world, the formation of…
394 terms
AP Psychology Vocabulary Review
ablation
absolute threshold
accommodation
acetylcholine (ACh)
removal or destruction of brain tissue in a surgical procedure
intensity level at which one can detect a stimulus 50% of the…
the process of modifying a schema to account for new informat…
a neurotransmitter involved in learning, memory and muscle mo…
ablation
removal or destruction of brain tissue in a surgical procedure
absolute threshold
intensity level at which one can detect a stimulus 50% of the…
Social Psychology Vocabulary
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
The theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
The tendency for observers, when analyzing other's behavior,…
Feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
The theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
Social Psychology Vocabulary
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
The theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
The tendency for observers, when analyzing other's behavior,…
Feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
The theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
35 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
mid brain
hindbrain
forebrain
cerebellum
Sleep cycle, reticular
Base process of life
Brains central core
Posture, balance, movements
mid brain
Sleep cycle, reticular
hindbrain
Base process of life
625 terms
Myers' AP Psychology Vocabulary
Absolute threshold
Accommodation
Achievement motivation
Achievement test
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
(1) in sensation and perception, the process by which the eye…
a desire for significant accomplishment; for mastery of skill…
a test designed to assess what a person has learned.
Absolute threshold
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
Accommodation
(1) in sensation and perception, the process by which the eye…
195 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
behaviorism
humanistic psychology
cognitive neuroscience
psychology
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
historically significant perspective that emphasized the grow…
the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
the science of behavior and mental processes
behaviorism
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
humanistic psychology
historically significant perspective that emphasized the grow…
24 terms
Psychology Chapter One Vocabulary
Psychology
Behavior
Cognitive Activities
Psychological Constructs
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
observable and measureable actions of people and animals
private, unobservable mental processes such as sensation,perc…
theoretical entities, or concepts, that enable one to discuss…
Psychology
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Behavior
observable and measureable actions of people and animals
65 terms
Psychology Vocabulary
behaviorism
cognitive psychology
consciousness
empiricism
study of behavior
study of mental processes
awareness of ourselves and our environment
the belief that knowledge comes through experience
behaviorism
study of behavior
cognitive psychology
study of mental processes
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