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Study sets matching "psychology 1001"

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Study sets matching "psychology 1001"

18 terms
Psychology 1001 Exam 3
1. Criteria for disorders
2. DSM-V-Diagonosticand Statistical Ma…
3. prevalence of psychological disorde…
2. Dissociative disorders
a. abnormality (deviance)- abnormal behavior is behavior that…
classification system for psychological disorders (at first w…
1. Anxiety disorders: psychological disorders marked by persi…
*essential feature: sudden and unusual change in normal funct…
1. Criteria for disorders
a. abnormality (deviance)- abnormal behavior is behavior that…
2. DSM-V-Diagonosticand Statistical Ma…
classification system for psychological disorders (at first w…
96 terms
Psychology 1001 test 1
psychology
wundt (1879)
freud
behaviorism
science of behavior and mental processes
first psych lab
psychoanalysis... -behavior is influenced by unconscious motives
study overt behavior not mind
psychology
science of behavior and mental processes
wundt (1879)
first psych lab
122 terms
Psychology 1001- Exam #1
List the four ways of knowing
Define rationalism
Define tradition/authority
Define intuition
rationalism, tradition/authority, intuition, and empiricism
reason alone is a source of knowledge and independent of expe…
Cultural knowledge
unconscious reasoning
List the four ways of knowing
rationalism, tradition/authority, intuition, and empiricism
Define rationalism
reason alone is a source of knowledge and independent of expe…
49 terms
PSYC1001 - Social Psychology
Schachter's study on Social Isolation
Common sense vs Social Psychology
Descriptive Method
Experimental Method
Isolated 5 volunteers in a windowless room for as long as the…
Common sense cannot distinguish between coincidence and causa…
Attempts to measure or record thoughts, feelings and/or behav…
Attempts to manipulate social processes by varying and contro…
Schachter's study on Social Isolation
Isolated 5 volunteers in a windowless room for as long as the…
Common sense vs Social Psychology
Common sense cannot distinguish between coincidence and causa…
519 terms
Psychology 1001 Midterm Exam
Cognition
Concepts
Prototype
What strategies assist our problem sol…
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
A mental image or best example that incorporates all the feat…
- Trial and error... - Algorithm... - Heuristic... - Insight
Cognition
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Concepts
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
51 terms
PSYCHOLOGY 1001 (Drugs)
Psychoactive Drug.
Agonist.
Antagonist.
Stimulants/Block Receptors.
Chemical that alters consciousness/behavior by changing how n…
Enhances the effect of a neurotransmitter. (e.g. Nicotine and…
Blocks or diminishes the effect of a neurotransmitter. (e.g.…
Nicotine, Curare, Black Widow Spider Venom, and Botulinum.
Psychoactive Drug.
Chemical that alters consciousness/behavior by changing how n…
Agonist.
Enhances the effect of a neurotransmitter. (e.g. Nicotine and…
66 terms
PSY 1001: Biological Psychology
Biological psychology: key assumptions?
Behavior and mental processes
How are human brains and animal brains…
How are human brains and animal brains…
Relationship between the behavior and mental processes
Perception, memory, emotion/feelings, language, thought
Brains have similar parts. Reward, drug abuse, decision making
Human brains are much bigger than other animals. The surface…
Biological psychology: key assumptions?
Relationship between the behavior and mental processes
Behavior and mental processes
Perception, memory, emotion/feelings, language, thought
40 terms
Psychology 1001 final
What are four different ways of knowin…
confirmation bias
six principles of scientific thinking
what is the descriptive approach and t…
rationalism, tradition, intuition, and empiricism.... empiricism…
the tendency to seek out evidence that supports our beliefs a…
ruling out rival hypotheses, correlation is not causation, fa…
describing the world as it is, identifying key variables, cor…
What are four different ways of knowin…
rationalism, tradition, intuition, and empiricism.... empiricism…
confirmation bias
the tendency to seek out evidence that supports our beliefs a…
15 terms
PS1001: Psychology
The case of the uneducated slave boy w…
A factor contributing to the Cognitive…
Watson and Rayner's Little Albert stud…
The Phi phenomenon (perception of appa…
A. was used by Plato to argue that we have innate ideas
C. Cybernetics
Phobias are acquired by classical conditioning
D. Gestalt Psychology
The case of the uneducated slave boy w…
A. was used by Plato to argue that we have innate ideas
A factor contributing to the Cognitive…
C. Cybernetics
158 terms
Psychology 1001 - Exam #1
empiricism
nativism
testable hypothesis
operational defintion
the belief that all human knowledge derives from experience
contrast to empiricism, belief that all humans are born with…
specific claim about facts, stated unambiguously
definition of the variable being tested so that it can be tra…
empiricism
the belief that all human knowledge derives from experience
nativism
contrast to empiricism, belief that all humans are born with…
62 terms
Psychology 1001 PERSONALITY
Nomothetic approach
Idiographic approach
Personality theory
Personality structures
Investigating large groups of people in order to find general…
Investigating individuals in-depth to achieve a unique unders…
A synthesis of all areas of psychology. Research methods: cli…
The most stable and enduring aspects of personality.
Nomothetic approach
Investigating large groups of people in order to find general…
Idiographic approach
Investigating individuals in-depth to achieve a unique unders…
42 terms
Psychology 1001 chapter 7
memory
explicit use of memory
implicit use of memory
declarative memory
the mental capacity to encode, store, and retrieve information
conscious effort to encode or recover information through mem…
availability of information through memory processes without…
memory for information such as facts and events
memory
the mental capacity to encode, store, and retrieve information
explicit use of memory
conscious effort to encode or recover information through mem…
54 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 6
Learning
non-associative learning
habituation
sensitization
A change in behavior, resulted from an experience.
a person learns about one stimulus, which is information in t…
One important form of non-associative learning/Where an indiv…
A second form of non-associative learning/When an individual…
Learning
A change in behavior, resulted from an experience.
non-associative learning
a person learns about one stimulus, which is information in t…
41 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 13
Social Psychology
Social comparison theory
Mass hysteria
social facilitation
Study of how people influence others' behavior, beliefs, and…
Theory that we seek to evaluate our abilities and beliefs by…
Outbreak of irrational behavior that is spread by social cont…
enhancement of performance brought about by the presence of o…
Social Psychology
Study of how people influence others' behavior, beliefs, and…
Social comparison theory
Theory that we seek to evaluate our abilities and beliefs by…
44 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 11
Emotion
Discrete emotion theory
Primary emotions
Display rules
Mental state or feeling associated with our evaluation of our…
Theory that humans experience a small number of distinct emot…
Small number of emotions believed by some theorists to be cro…
cross-cultured guidelines for how and when to express emoting
Emotion
Mental state or feeling associated with our evaluation of our…
Discrete emotion theory
Theory that humans experience a small number of distinct emot…
52 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter Two
nervous system
neuroscience
charles darwin
joseph gall
collection of specialized autonomous, yet interconnected, cel…
Deals with the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system a…
said that behavior is a heritable trait and that animals serv…
said that the brain is the organ of the mind and the cerebral…
nervous system
collection of specialized autonomous, yet interconnected, cel…
neuroscience
Deals with the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system a…
19 terms
Chapter 1 Psychology 1001
psychology
multiply determined
naive realism
Scientific Theory
The scientific study of the mind, brain, and behavior.
caused by many factors
belief that we see the world precisely as it is
explanation for a large number of findings in the natural world
psychology
The scientific study of the mind, brain, and behavior.
multiply determined
caused by many factors
54 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 4
Neurons
Glia
Dendrites
Soma
Individual cells within the nervous system that receive, inte…
The "glue" that provides support for neurons. Also supplies t…
The part of the neuron that is a branch like structure that r…
The part of the neuron that is the cell body. Contains the ce…
Neurons
Individual cells within the nervous system that receive, inte…
Glia
The "glue" that provides support for neurons. Also supplies t…
85 terms
Chapter 14 Psychology 1001
Psychological Disorders
Learned Helplessness
Biological Theories/medical model dime…
Important Diagnostic Criteria
Environmental Stressors and Diathesis
Belief that you cannot control the outcome of events or what…
Abnormal behavior attributed to some physical processes (gene…
Behavior deviates from what is considered normal ... 1. Cogniti…
Psychological Disorders
Environmental Stressors and Diathesis
Learned Helplessness
Belief that you cannot control the outcome of events or what…
50 terms
psych 1001 Biological Psychology
What is biological psychology? What is…
How are human brains and animal brains…
Biological Psychologists obtain their…
Describe axons.
studying the relationship between the nervous system and beha…
main different is size and volume, we can be more invasive an…
...
portion of the neuron that sends signals
What is biological psychology? What is…
studying the relationship between the nervous system and beha…
How are human brains and animal brains…
main different is size and volume, we can be more invasive an…
31 terms
Psychology 1001 Ch 13
Social Psychology
Person Perception
Halo Effect
Attributions
How individuals' thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influe…
Forming impressions of others... -Physical attributes... -Familiari…
-Small number of characteristics has large impact on overall…
Inferences people draw about causes of other people's behavio…
Social Psychology
How individuals' thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influe…
Person Perception
Forming impressions of others... -Physical attributes... -Familiari…
51 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 11
Personality
Psychoanalytic Approach
Three levels of awareness
Conscious
consistent patterns of thought, feelings, and behavior that o…
Freud; very broad theory; multiple aspects; how it develops,…
Conscious, Preconscious, Unconscious
thoughts, feelings, sensations you're aware of
Personality
consistent patterns of thought, feelings, and behavior that o…
Psychoanalytic Approach
Freud; very broad theory; multiple aspects; how it develops,…
42 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 9
activating
directive
motivation
need
stimulates us to do something
guides our behaviors towards meeting specific goals or needs
Factors of differing strength that energize, direct, and sust…
A state of biological or social deficiency.
activating
stimulates us to do something
directive
guides our behaviors towards meeting specific goals or needs
16 terms
Psychology 1001 Ch 15
-psychotherapy ... -biomedical therapies
psychotherapy
biomedical therapies
medication
the 2 types of treatment for psychological disorders
-involves a client and therapist engaging in conversation/act…
pharmacological or psychosurgical procedures
what is the most common use/treatment for psychiatric disorde…
-psychotherapy ... -biomedical therapies
the 2 types of treatment for psychological disorders
psychotherapy
-involves a client and therapist engaging in conversation/act…
7 terms
PSY 1001 Evolutionary Psychology
what are the basic assumptions of evol…
what is natural selection? selective b…
what are some things that the human br…
what is the evidence for sexual seleci…
neutral tissue is no different from any other tissue,
-natural: genes that improve survival and reproductive succes…
learn language, rear things, detect healthy/unhealthy others,…
-different breeds in animals and humans ... -dimorphism: the ave…
what are the basic assumptions of evol…
neutral tissue is no different from any other tissue,
what is natural selection? selective b…
-natural: genes that improve survival and reproductive succes…
17 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 12
thin slices of behavior
Attributions
personal attributions
situational attributions
psychologists Nalini Ambady and Robert Rosenthal have found t…
our explanations for events or actions, including other peopl…
People's explanations for why events or actions occur that re…
People's explanations for why events or actions occur that re…
thin slices of behavior
psychologists Nalini Ambady and Robert Rosenthal have found t…
Attributions
our explanations for events or actions, including other peopl…
52 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 14
Personality
Trait
Nomothetic Approach
Idiographic Approach
People's typical ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving
Relativity enduring predisposition that influences our behavi…
Approach to personality that focuses on identifying general l…
Approach to personally test focuses on identifying the unique…
Personality
People's typical ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving
Trait
Relativity enduring predisposition that influences our behavi…
55 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 7
memory
encoding phase
storage phase
retrieval phase
the nervous system's capacity to acquire and retain informati…
when your brain changes information into a meaningful neural…
how you maintain the coded representation in a network of neu…
The act of recalling or remembering stored information when i…
memory
the nervous system's capacity to acquire and retain informati…
encoding phase
when your brain changes information into a meaningful neural…
53 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 8
thinking
analogical representations
symbolic representations
mental maps
The mental manipulation of representations of information we…
Mental representations that have some of the physical charact…
Abstract mental representations that consist of words or ideas.
a combination of analogical and symbolic representations
thinking
The mental manipulation of representations of information we…
analogical representations
Mental representations that have some of the physical charact…
84 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 4
consciousness
waking state
altered state
sleep
the subjective awareness of everything going on inside and ou…
in this state, thoughts, feelings, and sensations are clear
in this state, there is a shift in quality or pattern of ment…
this is a state of consciousness, occurring in cycles of seve…
consciousness
the subjective awareness of everything going on inside and ou…
waking state
in this state, thoughts, feelings, and sensations are clear
54 terms
Psychology 1001 Test #3
What's the difference between a person…
What three factors can influence perso…
If twins are born, adopted by differen…
Which factor has the largest influence…
A personality is a pattern of behavior, while traits are spec…
Genetic, shared environment, and non-shared environment.
Genetic factors cause them to share some personality traits,…
Genetic
What's the difference between a person…
A personality is a pattern of behavior, while traits are spec…
What three factors can influence perso…
Genetic, shared environment, and non-shared environment.
11 terms
Chapter 2: Psychology 1001
naturalistic observation
external validity
internal validity
case study
watching behavior in real-world settings without trying to ma…
extent to which we can generalize findings to real-world sett…
extent to which we can draw cause-and-effect inferences from…
research design that examines one person or a small number of…
naturalistic observation
watching behavior in real-world settings without trying to ma…
external validity
extent to which we can generalize findings to real-world sett…
24 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 9
Intelligence Test
Abstract thinking
g (general intelligence)
s (specific abilities)
diagnostic tool designed to ensure overall thinking ability
Capacity to understand hypothetical concepts
hypothetical factor that accounts for overall differences in…
particular ability level in a narrow domain
Intelligence Test
diagnostic tool designed to ensure overall thinking ability
Abstract thinking
Capacity to understand hypothetical concepts
57 terms
Psychology 1001 Ch 14
-Deviant... -Maladaptive ... -Causes clinica…
Deviant
Maladaptive
-abnormal behaviors are conceptualized…
What is abnormal Behavior?
violates cultural norms
impaired functioning
The Medical Model
-Deviant... -Maladaptive ... -Causes clinica…
What is abnormal Behavior?
Deviant
violates cultural norms
93 terms
Psychology 1001 Berta Exam 2
Glial cells (glia) - What are their fu…
Neurons
Sensory neurons
Motor neurons
Insulate neurons. Help supply nutrients to and remove wastes…
(The Human brain consists of both glial and neurons) Neurons…
Receive information from outside the NS
Carry information from the NS to muscles and glands
Glial cells (glia) - What are their fu…
Insulate neurons. Help supply nutrients to and remove wastes…
Neurons
(The Human brain consists of both glial and neurons) Neurons…
PSYCH1001: Psychological Disorders
psychopathology
psychological disorder/mental disorder
DSM-5
anxiety
The scientific study of the origins, symptoms, and developmen…
A pattern of behavioral and psychological symptoms that cause…
Abbreviation for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual or Men…
An unpleasant emotional state characterized by physical arous…
psychopathology
The scientific study of the origins, symptoms, and developmen…
psychological disorder/mental disorder
A pattern of behavioral and psychological symptoms that cause…
115 terms
Psychology 1001 Berta Exam 2
What is the peripheral nervous system?
What are nerves?
What it the somatic NS?
What it the autonomic NS?
The sensory and motor neurons that connect the CNS to the res…
Bundles of axons held together in the PNS
Controls the body's skeletal muscles, voluntary movement and…
Controls the glands and muscles of the internal organs and co…
What is the peripheral nervous system?
The sensory and motor neurons that connect the CNS to the res…
What are nerves?
Bundles of axons held together in the PNS
66 terms
Psychology 1001 S&S
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Non-overlapping magisteria
Revelation
The variable that is changed or manipulated, therefore, is th…
What will be measured by the experimenter to see if the indep…
Stephen Jay Gould - science and religion are both worthy of o…
Knowledge gained through instruction or direction by parents…
Independent variable
The variable that is changed or manipulated, therefore, is th…
Dependent variable
What will be measured by the experimenter to see if the indep…
16 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 16
Your friend Maria asks you why seeing…
Alcoholics Anonymous is the largest or…
________ allows psychotherapists to pl…
One reason that nearly any type of cre…
professional helpers appreciate the complex ethical, professi…
1935
Virtual reality exposure therapy
the placebo effect
Your friend Maria asks you why seeing…
professional helpers appreciate the complex ethical, professi…
Alcoholics Anonymous is the largest or…
1935
91 terms
Psychology 1001 Unit 1
Psychology
Eight Contemporary Approaches
Biological Approach
Psychodynamic Approach
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Biological, Psychodynamic, Behaviorist, Humanistic, Positive,…
-Major premise is that all actions, feelings and thoughts are…
-Emphasizes systematic study of the psychological forces that…
Psychology
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Eight Contemporary Approaches
Biological, Psychodynamic, Behaviorist, Humanistic, Positive,…
PSYCH1001: Social Psychology
social psychology
sense of self
social cognition
social influence
Branch of psychology that studies how a person's thoughts, fe…
An individual's unique sense of identity that haas been influ…
The mental processes people use to make sense of their social…
The effect of situational factors and other people on an indi…
social psychology
Branch of psychology that studies how a person's thoughts, fe…
sense of self
An individual's unique sense of identity that haas been influ…
Psychology 1001 ch. 13
attribution
dispositional attribution
situational attribution
correspondence bias
a judgment about the cause of a person's behavior
a judgment assigning the cause of a person's behavior to pers…
a judgment assigning the cause of a person's behavior to the…
the tendency to view behavior as the result of disposition ev…
attribution
a judgment about the cause of a person's behavior
dispositional attribution
a judgment assigning the cause of a person's behavior to pers…
20 terms
Psychology 1001 Ch. 10
a personality type
Oedipus
Oral
Maslow and Rogers
A style of personality defined by a group of related characte…
If Jonathan identifies with his father, Freud believed he was…
When anxious, Andy tends to smoke, Gayle bites her nails, and…
Which of the following psychologists are major humanistic the…
a personality type
A style of personality defined by a group of related characte…
Oedipus
If Jonathan identifies with his father, Freud believed he was…
137 terms
PSYC 1001 General Psychology
Case Study
Hindsight Bias
Theory
Hypothesis
Examines one individual in depth in the hope of revealing thi…
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction often implied by a theory
Case Study
Examines one individual in depth in the hope of revealing thi…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
83 terms
Biological Psychology Psy 1001
• Biological Psychology
2. How are human brains and animal bra…
• Neuron
• Dendrites
study of the neural substrates of behavior and mental process…
• Similar - same parts in same places, like cerebellum and sh…
nerve cell specialized for communication
portion of neuron that receives signals. These are the branch…
• Biological Psychology
study of the neural substrates of behavior and mental process…
2. How are human brains and animal bra…
• Similar - same parts in same places, like cerebellum and sh…
48 terms
Psychology 1001: Chapter One
Psychology (Ancient)
Behaviour
Psychology (Current)
Introspection
A combination of the word soul and study of. So a study of th…
Refers to any action that we can observe
A study of the behavior of human and animal mental processes.
personal observation of your own thoughts, feelings and behav…
Psychology (Ancient)
A combination of the word soul and study of. So a study of th…
Behaviour
Refers to any action that we can observe
165 terms
Psychology 1001 (1-3)
Psychology is the scientific study of
Determinism
Empiricism
Scientific Method
Behavior and mental processes
The universe is governed by lawful, cause-and-effect relation…
knowledge arises from sensory experience
Observation, hypothesis, test, draw conclusions, report revis…
Psychology is the scientific study of
Behavior and mental processes
Determinism
The universe is governed by lawful, cause-and-effect relation…
41 terms
Psychology 1001 Week 1
Psychology
Scientific method
Hypotheses
Theory
The scientific study of mind and behavior
Empirical observations of the world --> measure with senses.…
A falsifiable prediction made by a theory
A hypothetical explanation of a natural phenomenon
Psychology
The scientific study of mind and behavior
Scientific method
Empirical observations of the world --> measure with senses.…
200 terms
Psychology 1001 exam 3
Emotion
Basic Expressions
Neutralizing
Deceptive expression
-display of emotions alter behavior of observers (smiles can…
anger, fear, disgust, happiness, sadness, and surprise
no facial expressions
sincere and insincere expressions may leak out (real emotions…
Emotion
-display of emotions alter behavior of observers (smiles can…
Basic Expressions
anger, fear, disgust, happiness, sadness, and surprise
Psychology 1001 (Potts)
James-Lange Theory of Emotions
Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotions
Schachter-singer experiment
Two-factor theory of emotions
A stimulus causes bodily reaction, which then leads to emotion
A stimulus causes simultaneous bodily arousal and emotion
Tested emotional theory... 3 groups, told different things... -told…
Stimulus leads to arousal, which is then processed cognitivel…
James-Lange Theory of Emotions
A stimulus causes bodily reaction, which then leads to emotion
Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotions
A stimulus causes simultaneous bodily arousal and emotion
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