Study sets matching "psychology 1001"

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Study sets matching "psychology 1001"

117 terms
Psychology 1001 Exam 3
selective attention
cocktail party effect
figure-ground
consciousness
Focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus. ... -…
Ability to attend to only one voice among many.... -a selective…
the organization of the visual field into objects (the figure…
our awareness of ourselves and the environment.
selective attention
Focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus. ... -…
cocktail party effect
Ability to attend to only one voice among many.... -a selective…
53 terms
Psychology 1001 Ch. 8
reflexes
instincts
learning
behaviorism
inevitable, involuntary responses to stimuli (innate)
inborn patterns of behavior elicited by environmental stimuli…
relatively permanent change in an organisms behavior due to e…
an approach to psychology that features the study of observab…
reflexes
inevitable, involuntary responses to stimuli (innate)
instincts
inborn patterns of behavior elicited by environmental stimuli…
59 terms
Psychology 1001 Ch. 12
personality
psychodynamic theory
psychoanalysis
psychic determinism
consistent, distinct patterns of thinking, feeling, and behav…
Freudian theory that psychic energy moves among the personali…
Freud's treatment approach, based on the psychodynamic theory
the theory that all of our behavior is predetermined
personality
consistent, distinct patterns of thinking, feeling, and behav…
psychodynamic theory
Freudian theory that psychic energy moves among the personali…
48 terms
Psychology 1001 Ch. 4
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
sensory neurons
motor neurons
consists of the brain and spinal cord
the nerves that carry sensory and motor information to and fr…
afferent nerve fibers, carry information from external enviro…
efferent nerve fibers, carry commands from the CNS back to th…
central nervous system
consists of the brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
the nerves that carry sensory and motor information to and fr…
65 terms
Psychology 1001 Midterm 1
Metacognition
Cognitive Control
Bounded Rationality
functional fixedness
Thinking about one's own thoughts
the ability to direct thoughts and action in accord with one'…
decisions made with limited information and under other const…
Type of mental set in which you fail to see a new use or func…
Metacognition
Thinking about one's own thoughts
Cognitive Control
the ability to direct thoughts and action in accord with one'…
Psychology 1001 Chapter 1
Variable
Testable Hypothesis
A statement which may be proven false…
Operational Definition
Any characteristic whose values can change
A specific claim about the facts, framed in a way that will a…
Falsifiable Hypotheses
A definition that translates the variables we want to assess…
Variable
Any characteristic whose values can change
Testable Hypothesis
A specific claim about the facts, framed in a way that will a…
38 terms
Psychology 1001 Ch. 1
Hermann von Helmholtz
Wilhelm Wundt
structuralism
Edward Titchener
studied tactile reaction time, determined that the mind is ph…
developed 1st psychology lab, saw mental experience as a hier…
an approach in which the mind is broken into the smallest ele…
Wundt's student, developed structuralism
Hermann von Helmholtz
studied tactile reaction time, determined that the mind is ph…
Wilhelm Wundt
developed 1st psychology lab, saw mental experience as a hier…
34 terms
Psychology 1001 Ch. 15
psychotherapy
demoralization
humanistic therapy
counseling
treatment designed to improve symptoms of psychological disor…
failing to cope with life's problems and suffering, leading p…
a therapy approach patterned after humanistic psychology theo…
a treatment that focuses on personal strengths and developmen…
psychotherapy
treatment designed to improve symptoms of psychological disor…
demoralization
failing to cope with life's problems and suffering, leading p…
54 terms
Psychology 1001 Ch. 5
sensation
perception
transduction
sensory adaptation
the process of detecting environmental stimuli or stimuli ari…
the process of interpreting sensory information
translation of incoming sensory information into neural signals
the tendency to pay less attention to a non-changing stimulus
sensation
the process of detecting environmental stimuli or stimuli ari…
perception
the process of interpreting sensory information
41 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 13
Social Psychology
Social comparison theory
Mass hysteria
social facilitation
Study of how people influence others' behavior, beliefs, and…
Theory that we seek to evaluate our abilities and beliefs by…
Outbreak of irrational behavior that is spread by social cont…
enhancement of performance brought about by the presence of o…
Social Psychology
Study of how people influence others' behavior, beliefs, and…
Social comparison theory
Theory that we seek to evaluate our abilities and beliefs by…
13 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 3
Chromosomes
DNA
Genes
How long does natural selection take?
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain genes
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes
Many generations (very slow process)
Chromosomes
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain genes
DNA
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Psychology 1001 Exam 3
1. Criteria for disorders
2. DSM-V-Diagonosticand Statistical Ma…
3. prevalence of psychological disorde…
2. Dissociative disorders
a. abnormality (deviance)- abnormal behavior is behavior that…
classification system for psychological disorders (at first w…
1. Anxiety disorders: psychological disorders marked by persi…
*essential feature: sudden and unusual change in normal funct…
1. Criteria for disorders
a. abnormality (deviance)- abnormal behavior is behavior that…
2. DSM-V-Diagonosticand Statistical Ma…
classification system for psychological disorders (at first w…
Psychology 1001 Exam 4
health psychology
stress
stressors
Effects of stress
how psychological principals affect prevention and treatment…
physiological response of body to psychological demands
things that cause stress... *stress is sometimes helpful in smal…
1. General adaptation... 1. alarm reaction: "oh shit moment"... 2.…
health psychology
how psychological principals affect prevention and treatment…
stress
physiological response of body to psychological demands
44 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 11
Emotion
Discrete emotion theory
Primary emotions
Display rules
Mental state or feeling associated with our evaluation of our…
Theory that humans experience a small number of distinct emot…
Small number of emotions believed by some theorists to be cro…
cross-cultured guidelines for how and when to express emoting
Emotion
Mental state or feeling associated with our evaluation of our…
Discrete emotion theory
Theory that humans experience a small number of distinct emot…
Psych 1001 - Biological Psychology
biological psychology
key assumption of Biological psychology
homologous
How are human brains and animal brains…
study of relationship between the brain and behavior/mental p…
Brains are homologous, producing similarities in behavioral p…
Homologous means human and animal brains are similar
• They are similar in that animal brains are just a simplifie…
biological psychology
study of relationship between the brain and behavior/mental p…
key assumption of Biological psychology
Brains are homologous, producing similarities in behavioral p…
Psychology 1001 Midterm # 1
spelling, verbal ability, nonverbal me…
true
false
true
what are women better at then men in terms of intelligence?
men score higher than women in math problem solving
men score higher than woman in mathematical computation
the average male has has better spatial ability than women
spelling, verbal ability, nonverbal me…
what are women better at then men in terms of intelligence?
true
men score higher than women in math problem solving
Psychology 1001 test 1
psychology
wundt (1879)
freud
behaviorism
science of behavior and mental processes
first psych lab
psychoanalysis... -behavior is influenced by unconscious motives
study overt behavior not mind
psychology
science of behavior and mental processes
wundt (1879)
first psych lab
16 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 16
Your friend Maria asks you why seeing…
Alcoholics Anonymous is the largest or…
________ allows psychotherapists to pl…
One reason that nearly any type of cre…
professional helpers appreciate the complex ethical, professi…
1935
Virtual reality exposure therapy
the placebo effect
Your friend Maria asks you why seeing…
professional helpers appreciate the complex ethical, professi…
Alcoholics Anonymous is the largest or…
1935
185 terms
Psychology 1001 Practice Final
Fun-loving Sally decides to go to a co…
In classical conditioning, the conditi…
After using the techniques of classica…
Emotional conditioning refers to:... Sele…
a. habituation
c. whatever the conditioned stimulus produces as a result of…
d. cried when he saw a white rabbit.
a. classical conditioning which results in an emotion as CR.
Fun-loving Sally decides to go to a co…
a. habituation
In classical conditioning, the conditi…
c. whatever the conditioned stimulus produces as a result of…
122 terms
Psychology 1001- Exam #1
List the four ways of knowing
Define rationalism
Define tradition/authority
Define intuition
rationalism, tradition/authority, intuition, and empiricism
reason alone is a source of knowledge and independent of expe…
Cultural knowledge
unconscious reasoning
List the four ways of knowing
rationalism, tradition/authority, intuition, and empiricism
Define rationalism
reason alone is a source of knowledge and independent of expe…
Psychology 1001: Final (UMN)
absolute refractory period
aversion therapy
autism spectrum disorder
(ADHD) attention-deficit/hyperactivity…
time during which another action potential is impossible; lim…
treatment that uses punishment to decrease the frequency of u…
DSM-5 category that includes Autistic Disorder and Aspergers
childhood condition marked by excessive inattention, impulsiv…
absolute refractory period
time during which another action potential is impossible; lim…
aversion therapy
treatment that uses punishment to decrease the frequency of u…
51 terms
PSYCHOLOGY 1001 (Drugs)
Psychoactive Drug.
Agonist.
Antagonist.
Stimulants/Block Receptors.
Chemical that alters consciousness/behavior by changing how n…
Enhances the effect of a neurotransmitter. (e.g. Nicotine and…
Blocks or diminishes the effect of a neurotransmitter. (e.g.…
Nicotine, Curare, Black Widow Spider Venom, and Botulinum.
Psychoactive Drug.
Chemical that alters consciousness/behavior by changing how n…
Agonist.
Enhances the effect of a neurotransmitter. (e.g. Nicotine and…
Psychology 1001 Exam 2
learning
classical conditioning
Garcia effect
processes in CC:... stimulus generalizati…
a relatively permanent change in behavior or knowledge as a r…
a form of learning where a neutral stimulus (CS) come to elic…
drank too much alcohol, backed, if you smell rum you get naus…
tendency to show conditioned response when exposed to a stimu…
learning
a relatively permanent change in behavior or knowledge as a r…
classical conditioning
a form of learning where a neutral stimulus (CS) come to elic…
46 terms
Psychology 1001 - Chpt 1
What Is Psychology
functionalism
Structuralism
Sigmund Freud
Psychology is the scientific study of mental processes and be…
How the conscious mind helps humans survive and successfully…
sought to identify the components of the conscious mind. Will…
founder of psychoanalysis... clinical practice... Developed a theor…
What Is Psychology
Psychology is the scientific study of mental processes and be…
functionalism
How the conscious mind helps humans survive and successfully…
137 terms
PSYC 1001 General Psychology
Case Study
Hindsight Bias
Theory
Hypothesis
Examines one individual in depth in the hope of revealing thi…
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction often implied by a theory
Case Study
Examines one individual in depth in the hope of revealing thi…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
519 terms
Psychology 1001 Midterm Exam
Cognition
Concepts
Prototype
What strategies assist our problem sol…
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
A mental image or best example that incorporates all the feat…
- Trial and error... - Algorithm... - Heuristic... - Insight
Cognition
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Concepts
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
Psychology 1001 Nervous System
Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Somatic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
interacting network of neurons that conveys electrochemical i…
connects the central nervous system to the bodies organs and…
Body movement... a set of nerves that conveys information into a…
Breathing, heart beating (automatic activities)... set of nerves…
Nervous System
interacting network of neurons that conveys electrochemical i…
Peripheral Nervous System
connects the central nervous system to the bodies organs and…
Psychology 1001 final
What are four different ways of knowin…
confirmation bias
six principles of scientific thinking
what is the descriptive approach and t…
rationalism, tradition, intuition, and empiricism.... empiricism…
the tendency to seek out evidence that supports our beliefs a…
ruling out rival hypotheses, correlation is not causation, fa…
describing the world as it is, identifying key variables, cor…
What are four different ways of knowin…
rationalism, tradition, intuition, and empiricism.... empiricism…
confirmation bias
the tendency to seek out evidence that supports our beliefs a…
336 terms
Psychology 1001 MCs
Which of the following is not a milest…
Why is it difficult for psychologists…
three major types of language
U.S. employees who formerly wanted to…
crying
both D and E... D. because the mind is not observable... E. because…
spoken; written; signing and gestures
framing
Which of the following is not a milest…
crying
Why is it difficult for psychologists…
both D and E... D. because the mind is not observable... E. because…
73 terms
Psychology 1001 Exam 2
Learning
Theories of Learning
Classical Condition
Unconditioned Stimulus
relatively permanent change in behavior or knowledge due to e…
1. Experience shapes behavior - most responses are learned... 2.…
-Discovered by accident by Pavlov... -salvation in dogs when bel…
always elicits a reflex action (unconditioned response)
Learning
relatively permanent change in behavior or knowledge due to e…
Theories of Learning
1. Experience shapes behavior - most responses are learned... 2.…
115 terms
Psychology 1001 Berta Exam 2
What is the peripheral nervous system?
What are nerves?
What it the somatic NS?
What it the autonomic NS?
The sensory and motor neurons that connect the CNS to the res…
Bundles of axons held together in the PNS
Controls the body's skeletal muscles, voluntary movement and…
Controls the glands and muscles of the internal organs and co…
What is the peripheral nervous system?
The sensory and motor neurons that connect the CNS to the res…
What are nerves?
Bundles of axons held together in the PNS
Psychology 1001 Exam 1
Cell Body
Glial Cell
Neuron
Dendrites
The part of the neuron that contains the nucleus, which direc…
Cells in the nervous system that provide support, nutritional…
one of the two types of cells in the nervous system that hand…
treelike fibers projecting from a neuron, which receive infor…
Cell Body
The part of the neuron that contains the nucleus, which direc…
Glial Cell
Cells in the nervous system that provide support, nutritional…
93 terms
Psychology 1001 Berta Exam 2
Glial cells (glia) - What are their fu…
Neurons
Sensory neurons
Motor neurons
Insulate neurons. Help supply nutrients to and remove wastes…
(The Human brain consists of both glial and neurons) Neurons…
Receive information from outside the NS
Carry information from the NS to muscles and glands
Glial cells (glia) - What are their fu…
Insulate neurons. Help supply nutrients to and remove wastes…
Neurons
(The Human brain consists of both glial and neurons) Neurons…
PSYC1001 - Social Psychology
Schachter's study on Social Isolation
Common sense vs Social Psychology
Descriptive Method
Experimental Method
Isolated 5 volunteers in a windowless room for as long as the…
Common sense cannot distinguish between coincidence and causa…
Attempts to measure or record thoughts, feelings and/or behav…
Attempts to manipulate social processes by varying and contro…
Schachter's study on Social Isolation
Isolated 5 volunteers in a windowless room for as long as the…
Common sense vs Social Psychology
Common sense cannot distinguish between coincidence and causa…
158 terms
Psychology 1001 - Exam #1
empiricism
nativism
testable hypothesis
operational defintion
the belief that all human knowledge derives from experience
contrast to empiricism, belief that all humans are born with…
specific claim about facts, stated unambiguously
definition of the variable being tested so that it can be tra…
empiricism
the belief that all human knowledge derives from experience
nativism
contrast to empiricism, belief that all humans are born with…
Psychology 1001 Exam 1
Psychology
Levels of Analysis
Lower Rung
Higher Rung
Scientific study of the mind, brain, and behavior
Range from molecules to the brain to thoughts, feelings, emot…
"The Brain"- Thoughts, feelings, emotions
"The mind"- Social, cultural, influences
Psychology
Scientific study of the mind, brain, and behavior
Levels of Analysis
Range from molecules to the brain to thoughts, feelings, emot…
66 terms
PSY 1001: Biological Psychology
Biological psychology: key assumptions?
Behavior and mental processes
How are human brains and animal brains…
How are human brains and animal brains…
Relationship between the behavior and mental processes
Perception, memory, emotion/feelings, language, thought
Brains have similar parts. Reward, drug abuse, decision making
Human brains are much bigger than other animals. The surface…
Biological psychology: key assumptions?
Relationship between the behavior and mental processes
Behavior and mental processes
Perception, memory, emotion/feelings, language, thought
15 terms
PS1001: Psychology
The case of the uneducated slave boy w…
A factor contributing to the Cognitive…
Watson and Rayner's Little Albert stud…
The Phi phenomenon (perception of appa…
A. was used by Plato to argue that we have innate ideas
C. Cybernetics
Phobias are acquired by classical conditioning
D. Gestalt Psychology
The case of the uneducated slave boy w…
A. was used by Plato to argue that we have innate ideas
A factor contributing to the Cognitive…
C. Cybernetics
41 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 15
moral treatment
psychotherapy
eclectic approach
free association
close contact with and careful observation of patients.
Treatment for psychological disorders where a therapist works…
they use a variety of techniques that seem appropriate for a…
the client would say whatever came to mind and the therapist…
moral treatment
close contact with and careful observation of patients.
psychotherapy
Treatment for psychological disorders where a therapist works…
65 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 14
psychopathology
etiology
diathesis-stress model
diathesis
Sickness or disorder of the mind.
Factors that contribute to the development of a disorder.
Proposes that a disorder may develop when an underlying vulne…
an underlying vulnerability or predisposition to a mental dis…
psychopathology
Sickness or disorder of the mind.
etiology
Factors that contribute to the development of a disorder.
58 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 12
thin slices of behavior
Attributions
personal attributions
situational attributions
psychologists Nalini Ambady and Robert Rosenthal have found t…
our explanations for events or actions, including other peopl…
People's explanations for why events or actions occur that re…
People's explanations for why events or actions occur that re…
thin slices of behavior
psychologists Nalini Ambady and Robert Rosenthal have found t…
Attributions
our explanations for events or actions, including other peopl…
55 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 7
memory
encoding phase
storage phase
retrieval phase
the nervous system's capacity to acquire and retain informati…
when your brain changes information into a meaningful neural…
how you maintain the coded representation in a network of neu…
The act of recalling or remembering stored information when i…
memory
the nervous system's capacity to acquire and retain informati…
encoding phase
when your brain changes information into a meaningful neural…
Psychology 1001 UMN FINAL Exam
4 ways of knowing
Dataland
Theoryland
Psychological construct
Rationalism, Tradition/Authority, Intuition, Empiricism
Behavior, material objects, measurement, data
Ideas, concepts, theories
an explanation for things we cannot touch
4 ways of knowing
Rationalism, Tradition/Authority, Intuition, Empiricism
Dataland
Behavior, material objects, measurement, data
50 terms
psych 1001 Biological Psychology
What is biological psychology? What is…
How are human brains and animal brains…
Biological Psychologists obtain their…
Describe axons.
studying the relationship between the nervous system and beha…
main different is size and volume, we can be more invasive an…
...
portion of the neuron that sends signals
What is biological psychology? What is…
studying the relationship between the nervous system and beha…
How are human brains and animal brains…
main different is size and volume, we can be more invasive an…
11 terms
Chapter 2: Psychology 1001
naturalistic observation
external validity
internal validity
case study
watching behavior in real-world settings without trying to ma…
extent to which we can generalize findings to real-world sett…
extent to which we can draw cause-and-effect inferences from…
research design that examines one person or a small number of…
naturalistic observation
watching behavior in real-world settings without trying to ma…
external validity
extent to which we can generalize findings to real-world sett…
24 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 9
Intelligence Test
Abstract thinking
g (general intelligence)
s (specific abilities)
diagnostic tool designed to ensure overall thinking ability
Capacity to understand hypothetical concepts
hypothetical factor that accounts for overall differences in…
particular ability level in a narrow domain
Intelligence Test
diagnostic tool designed to ensure overall thinking ability
Abstract thinking
Capacity to understand hypothetical concepts
Psychology 1001 Ch 15
-psychotherapy ... -biomedical therapies
psychotherapy
biomedical therapies
medication
the 2 types of treatment for psychological disorders
-involves a client and therapist engaging in conversation/act…
pharmacological or psychosurgical procedures
what is the most common use/treatment for psychiatric disorde…
-psychotherapy ... -biomedical therapies
the 2 types of treatment for psychological disorders
psychotherapy
-involves a client and therapist engaging in conversation/act…
34 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 11
health psychology
well-being
biopsychosocial model
body mass index (BMI)
A field that integrates research on health and on psychology;…
A positive state that includes striving for optimal health an…
A model of health that integrates the effects of biological,…
A ratio of body weight to height, used to measure obesity.
health psychology
A field that integrates research on health and on psychology;…
well-being
A positive state that includes striving for optimal health an…
20 terms
Psychology 1001 - Abnormal Psych
The belief that one is Abraham Lincoln…
Dr. Nwoambi is a psychologist who is c…
The single most controversial psycholo…
Experiencing extremes in motor behavio…
NOT hallucinations
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
dissociative identity disorder
catatonic
The belief that one is Abraham Lincoln…
NOT hallucinations
Dr. Nwoambi is a psychologist who is c…
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
54 terms
Psychology 1001 Test #3
What's the difference between a person…
What three factors can influence perso…
If twins are born, adopted by differen…
Which factor has the largest influence…
A personality is a pattern of behavior, while traits are spec…
Genetic, shared environment, and non-shared environment.
Genetic factors cause them to share some personality traits,…
Genetic
What's the difference between a person…
A personality is a pattern of behavior, while traits are spec…
What three factors can influence perso…
Genetic, shared environment, and non-shared environment.
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