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Study sets matching "psychology 101 chapter 12"

41 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
Social Psychology
Aggression
Frustration-aggression Hypothesis
Cooperation
The study of the causes and consequences of sociality
Behavior whose purpose is to harm another
A principle stating that animals aggress when their desires a…
Behavior by two or more individuals that leads to mutual bene…
Social Psychology
The study of the causes and consequences of sociality
Aggression
Behavior whose purpose is to harm another
11 terms
Chapter 12 Psychology 101
stress
health psychology
biopsychosocial model
genetic predisposition
a negative emotional state occurring in response to events pe…
branch or psychology that studies how biological, behavioral,…
belief that health and illness are determined by their comple…
procrastination, avoidance, disorganization, time management…
stress
a negative emotional state occurring in response to events pe…
health psychology
branch or psychology that studies how biological, behavioral,…
21 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
Attributions
External attribution
Attribution errors
Actor-observer bias
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, other…
Ascribe the causes of behavior to situational demands and env…
Cross between two dimensions: The stability dimension and the…
the fundamental attribution error refers to observer's bias i…
Attributions
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, other…
External attribution
Ascribe the causes of behavior to situational demands and env…
33 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
personality
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inve…
self-report
projective tests
An individual's characteristic style of behaving, thinking, a…
A well-researched, clinical questionnaire used to assess pers…
A method in which a person provides subjective information ab…
Tests designed to reveal inner aspects of individuals' person…
personality
An individual's characteristic style of behaving, thinking, a…
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inve…
A well-researched, clinical questionnaire used to assess pers…
9 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
Social psychology (1)
Social psychology (2)
Imagined
Person perception
Thoughts, feelings, behavior influenced by social aspects
Mental processes & behavior influenced by the actual or imagi…
Concepts/norms of others (what's expected)
Thoughts based on appearance ... Lack of info
Social psychology (1)
Thoughts, feelings, behavior influenced by social aspects
Social psychology (2)
Mental processes & behavior influenced by the actual or imagi…
40 terms
Psychology 101- Chapter 12
how psychological disorders are defined
DSM 5
lifetime prevalence of psychological d…
biological perspective
1) To what degree is the behavior maladaptive?... 2) Is behavior…
- Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders... - man…
46%- any psychological disorder... 29%- any anxiety disorder... 21%…
- views abnormal behavior as arising from a physical cause, s…
how psychological disorders are defined
1) To what degree is the behavior maladaptive?... 2) Is behavior…
DSM 5
- Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders... - man…
34 terms
Chapter 12: Psychology 101
Delusion of persecution
negative
Major depressive disorder
abnormal
A ______ is a false belief that some person or agency is tryi…
The _____ symptoms of schizophrenia include loss or of defici…
_____ is a mood disorder marked by symptoms such as feelings…
When asking whether or not a behavior is ______ and might ind…
Delusion of persecution
A ______ is a false belief that some person or agency is tryi…
negative
The _____ symptoms of schizophrenia include loss or of defici…
60 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
Social Psychology
Person Perception
Stereotypes
Illusory Correlation
the branch of psychology concerned with the way individual's…
process of forming impressions of others
widely held beliefs that people have certain characteristics…
occurs when people estimate that they have encountered more c…
Social Psychology
the branch of psychology concerned with the way individual's…
Person Perception
process of forming impressions of others
22 terms
Psychology 101: Chapter 12
Abnormal Behavior
How to define Abnormal?
DSM-V
Anxiety Disorder
Behavior that causes people to experience distress and preven…
-As deviation from the average... -As deviation from the ideal…
A classification system used to classify and diagnose mental…
Anxiety occurs without external justification and affects peo…
Abnormal Behavior
Behavior that causes people to experience distress and preven…
How to define Abnormal?
-As deviation from the average... -As deviation from the ideal…
29 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
Personality
Idiographic Approach
Nomothetic Approach
Five Factor Model
A characteristic pattern of thinking, interacting, and reacti…
Focus on creating detailed descriptions of individuals and th…
Examines personality in large groups of people, with the aim…
A trait-based approach to personality measurements that inclu…
Personality
A characteristic pattern of thinking, interacting, and reacti…
Idiographic Approach
Focus on creating detailed descriptions of individuals and th…
33 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
is a condition characterized by loss o…
is a marked fear of a specific object…
are episodes of over whelming anxiety,…
include questions such as: is the beha…
Psychosis
Specific Phobia
Panic Attacks
How mental disorders are defined
is a condition characterized by loss o…
Psychosis
is a marked fear of a specific object…
Specific Phobia
20 terms
Psychology 101: Chapter 12
Psychological Disorder (Medical model…
Indicators of Abnormality
Insanity
Psych Diagnosis and the DSM
Medical Model: The View that mental disorders are diseases th…
- Distress... - Maladaptiveness... - Irrationality ... - Unpredictable…
A legal term, referring to a person who is unable, because of…
American Psychiatric Association's book that lists diagnostic…
Psychological Disorder (Medical model…
Medical Model: The View that mental disorders are diseases th…
Indicators of Abnormality
- Distress... - Maladaptiveness... - Irrationality ... - Unpredictable…
75 terms
Psychology 101: Chapter 12-Psychological Disorders
psychological disorder
deviant
dysfunctional behaviors
Philippe Pinel
deviant (atypical), distressful, and dysfunctional patterns o…
being different fromt most other people who share your culture
interfere with normal day-to-day life-maladaptive
opposed the brutal treatment of people in France for being "m…
psychological disorder
deviant (atypical), distressful, and dysfunctional patterns o…
deviant
being different fromt most other people who share your culture
39 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
Social Psychology
Aggression
Frustration-aggresion hypothesis
Cooperation
The study of the causes and consequences of sociality
Behavior whose purpose is to harm another
A principle stating that animals aggress when their desires a…
Behavior by two or more individuals that leads to mutual bene…
Social Psychology
The study of the causes and consequences of sociality
Aggression
Behavior whose purpose is to harm another
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
Attribution Theory
fundamental error of attribution
role playing
cognitive dissonance
proposes that the attributions people make about events and b…
is our tendency to explain someone's behavior based on intern…
in which a person imitates, consciously or unconsciously, a r…
s the mental stress or discomfort experienced by an individua…
Attribution Theory
proposes that the attributions people make about events and b…
fundamental error of attribution
is our tendency to explain someone's behavior based on intern…
34 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
Personality
Self report
Minnesota multiphasic personality inve…
Projective tests
An individual's characteristic style of behaving, thinking, a…
A person provides subjective information about their own thou…
A well researched, clinical questionnaire used to assess pers…
Tests designed to show inner aspects of individual's personal…
Personality
An individual's characteristic style of behaving, thinking, a…
Self report
A person provides subjective information about their own thou…
57 terms
Psychology 101 chapter 12
Stress
Stressors
Stimulus view of stress
Response view of stress
a response elicited when a situation overwhelms a person's pe…
events that trigger a stress response
the focus on the situations that cause stress
focus on the physiological changes that occur when someone en…
Stress
a response elicited when a situation overwhelms a person's pe…
Stressors
events that trigger a stress response
Psychology 101: Chapter 12
Theoretical perspectives
Humanistic
Maslow
Carl Rogers
The following is a summary of some of the beliefs of the thre…
is a psychological perspective that emphasizes thestudy of th…
hierarchy of needs is a description of the needs that motivat…
(1902-1987) was a humanistic psychologist who agreed with the…
Theoretical perspectives
The following is a summary of some of the beliefs of the thre…
Humanistic
is a psychological perspective that emphasizes thestudy of th…
10 terms
Psychology 101 chapter 12
Id
Ego
Superego
Super ego's demands often oppose what
Unconscious psychic energy constantly strive to satisfy basic…
The largely conscious executive part of the personality that…
The part of the personality that according to Freud represent…
The demands of that Ed thus the ego struggles to reconcile th…
Id
Unconscious psychic energy constantly strive to satisfy basic…
Ego
The largely conscious executive part of the personality that…
20 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
deviant
maladaptive
biological approach
sociocultural approach
atypical and culturally unacceptable
interferes with effective functioning
attributes psychological disorders to organic, internal causes
emphasizes social contexts in which person lives
deviant
atypical and culturally unacceptable
maladaptive
interferes with effective functioning
28 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
microexpressions
autonomic nervous system
sympathetic nervous system
parasympathetic nervous system
very brief, sudden emotional expressions
the section of the nervous system that controls the organs
chains of neuron clusters just to the left and right of the s…
neurons whose axons extend from the medulla and the lower par…
microexpressions
very brief, sudden emotional expressions
autonomic nervous system
the section of the nervous system that controls the organs
65 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
Biological model
Psychoanalytic model
Cognitive-behavioral model
Diathesis-stress model
View that psychological disorders have a biochemical or physi…
View that psychological disorders result from unconscious int…
View that psychological disorders result from learning malada…
View that people biologically predisposed to a mental disorde…
Biological model
View that psychological disorders have a biochemical or physi…
Psychoanalytic model
View that psychological disorders result from unconscious int…
39 terms
Psychology 101 (Chapter 12)
Aggression
Altruism
Attitudes
Attributions
Any behavior that involves intention to harm another
Providing help when it is needed, without any apparent reward…
People's evaluations of objects, of events, or of ideas
People's explanations for why events or actions occus
Aggression
Any behavior that involves intention to harm another
Altruism
Providing help when it is needed, without any apparent reward…
52 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12 Terms
Developmental Psychology
Nature-nuture issue
Identical twins
Cross-sectional research
The branch of psychology that studies the patterns of growth…
The issue of the degree to which environment and heredity inf…
Twins who are genetically identical.
A research method that compares people of different ages at t…
Developmental Psychology
The branch of psychology that studies the patterns of growth…
Nature-nuture issue
The issue of the degree to which environment and heredity inf…
32 terms
Psychology 101 - Chapter 12
delusion of persecution
negative
Major Depressive Disorder
abnormal
a false belief that some person or agency is trying to harass…
symptoms of schizophrenia include loss of or deficiency in th…
a mood disorder marked by symptoms such as feelings of great…
When asking whether or not a behavior is ___________ and migh…
delusion of persecution
a false belief that some person or agency is trying to harass…
negative
symptoms of schizophrenia include loss of or deficiency in th…
21 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
Social Psychology
Prejudice
Group Polarization
Groupthink
The study of the causes and consequences of sociality
A positive or negative evaluation of another person based on…
The tendency for groups to make decisions that are more extre…
The tendency for groups to reach a consensus in order to faci…
Social Psychology
The study of the causes and consequences of sociality
Prejudice
A positive or negative evaluation of another person based on…
125 terms
psychology 101 chapter12
development
development psychology
physical processes
cognitive processes
is a change in human capabilities throughout a course of a pe…
the scientific study of age related changes in behavior and m…
involve changes in a person's biological nature
involve changes in a an individuals thoughts, intelligence, a…
development
is a change in human capabilities throughout a course of a pe…
development psychology
the scientific study of age related changes in behavior and m…
34 terms
Psychology 101: Chapter 12
The differences between personality in…
Traits/Trait theory; understand the te…
Person-Situation Debate and the argume…
Five-Factor Model of Personality- the…
Personality Inventory: self-report- method where people provi…
Trait Theory: personality = unique pattern of traits which re…
- Aggregation -> predicting general trends... - People are diffe…
Openness- open to new ideas vs conventional & narrow in inter…
The differences between personality in…
Personality Inventory: self-report- method where people provi…
Traits/Trait theory; understand the te…
Trait Theory: personality = unique pattern of traits which re…
29 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
emotion
James-Lange theory
Cannon-Bard theory
two-factor theory
a response of the whole organism, involving (1) physiological…
the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of…
the theory that an emotion-arousing stimulus simultaneously t…
the Schachter-Singer theory that to experience emotion one mu…
emotion
a response of the whole organism, involving (1) physiological…
James-Lange theory
the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of…
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
Social psychologists
Attribution
Fundamental attribution error
Actor/Observer discrepancy
studies expansive and carried territory, how were perceive an…
peoples explanations for why events or actions occur
the tendency to overemphasize personality traits and underest…
refers to two tendencies: when interpreting others behaviors,…
Social psychologists
studies expansive and carried territory, how were perceive an…
Attribution
peoples explanations for why events or actions occur
64 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
Social Psychology
Aggression
Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis
Cooperation
the study of the causes and consequences of sociality
behavior whose purpose is to harm another
a principle stating that animals aggress when their desires a…
behavior by two or more individuals that leads to mutual bene…
Social Psychology
the study of the causes and consequences of sociality
Aggression
behavior whose purpose is to harm another
43 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
Personality
Self-report
Trait
Big Five
An individual's characteristic style of behaving, thinking an…
A method in which a person provides subjective information ab…
A relatively stable disposition to behave in a particular and…
The traits of the five-factor model: openness to experience,…
Personality
An individual's characteristic style of behaving, thinking an…
Self-report
A method in which a person provides subjective information ab…
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
Social Psychologists
Personality Psychologists
Fundamental Attribution Error
Cognitive Dissonance: Relief from tens…
study how we think about, influence, and relate to one anothe…
study personal traits and processes that explain why individu…
when analyzing others behavior, to overestimate the influence…
we act to reduce the discomfort we feel when two of our thoug…
Social Psychologists
study how we think about, influence, and relate to one anothe…
Personality Psychologists
study personal traits and processes that explain why individu…
52 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
Social Psychology
conformity
Asch's Study
Group Size
scientific study of how a person's thoughts, feelings, and be…
changing one's own behavior to match that of other people
-One a real participant, several "confederates"... -Asked people…
urge to conform tops out at about 7 people in the group
Social Psychology
scientific study of how a person's thoughts, feelings, and be…
conformity
changing one's own behavior to match that of other people
34 terms
psychology 101 chapter 12
social psychology
aggression
frustration-agression hypothesis
cooperation
the study of the causes and consequences of sociality
behavior whose purpose is to harm another (tactic for getting…
that animals aggress when their desires are frustrated (a lot…
behavior by two or more individuals that leads to mutual bene…
social psychology
the study of the causes and consequences of sociality
aggression
behavior whose purpose is to harm another (tactic for getting…
41 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
growth
aging
cognitive development
adaption
physical changes that occur from birth to maturity
positive and negative changes in the mature organism
process by which infants and then children get to know things…
developmental process of responding to the environment in an…
growth
physical changes that occur from birth to maturity
aging
positive and negative changes in the mature organism
35 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12: Personality
Personality
Psychodynamic Theories
Psychoanalysis
Unconscious
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
view personality with a focus on the unconscious and the impo…
Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and ac…
according to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable though…
Personality
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
Psychodynamic Theories
view personality with a focus on the unconscious and the impo…
42 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
Which of the Big Five traits reflects…
Your supervisor starts telling you a b…
Don thinks that people have high self-…
Mr. Craven lacks imagination and is a…
c. agreeableness
b. ego
a. sociometer
c. openness to experience... Response Feedback: ... FEEDBACK: See…
Which of the Big Five traits reflects…
c. agreeableness
Your supervisor starts telling you a b…
b. ego
41 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12: Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Aggression
Frustration-aggression Hypothesis
Cooperation
The study of the causes and consequences of sociality .
Behavior whose purpose is to harm another.
A principle stating that animals aggress when their desires a…
Behavior by two or more individuals that leads to mutual bene…
Social Psychology
The study of the causes and consequences of sociality .
Aggression
Behavior whose purpose is to harm another.
65 terms
Chapter 12 Psychology 101
What is the branch of psychology that…
What is the Nature-Nurture issue
Who came up with the twin studies
What are the three different Developme…
Developmental Psychology
the issue of the degree to which environment and heredity inf…
Burshard and Tellegen
Cross-Sectional Research, Longitudinal, and Sequential
What is the branch of psychology that…
Developmental Psychology
What is the Nature-Nurture issue
the issue of the degree to which environment and heredity inf…
78 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12
What do "good looking" people demand?
What is the move-talk-gesture?
Stereotypes
Most common stereotypes?
More of our attention.
It is a nonverbal communication.
Are widely held beliefs that people have a certan characteris…
1. Age... 2. Gender... 3. Membership in occupational or ethnic groups
What do "good looking" people demand?
More of our attention.
What is the move-talk-gesture?
It is a nonverbal communication.
85 terms
Psychology 101 // Chapter 12 Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Social influence
Conformity
Group think
The scientific study of how a person's thoughts, feelings, an…
The process through which the real or implied presence of oth…
Changing one's own behavior to match that of other people.
Kind of thinking that occurs when people place more importanc…
Social Psychology
The scientific study of how a person's thoughts, feelings, an…
Social influence
The process through which the real or implied presence of oth…
34 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12 - Duke
personality
self-report
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inve…
projective tests
an individual's characteristics style of behaving, thinking,…
a method in wich a person provides subjective information abo…
a well-researched, clinical questionnaire used to assess pers…
tests designed to reveal inner aspects of individuals persona…
personality
an individual's characteristics style of behaving, thinking,…
self-report
a method in wich a person provides subjective information abo…
10 terms
psychology 101 chapter 12
What is the sociometer theory?
What are two ways in which people make…
What are some things that individualis…
Define Sigmund Freud's concept of the…
One theory argues that self-esteem is a mechanism for monitor…
downward comparisons:... Comparing oneself to another person who…
-People from collectivist cultures tend to have interdependen…
The first structure, the id, exists at the most basic level:…
What is the sociometer theory?
One theory argues that self-esteem is a mechanism for monitor…
What are two ways in which people make…
downward comparisons:... Comparing oneself to another person who…
50 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12: Self and Personality
Personality
Reflected Appraisal
Self-schema
Working Self-concept
The characteristic thoughts, emotional response, and behavior…
Self-esteem is based on how we believe others perceive us.
An integrated set of memories, beliefs, and generalizations a…
Reflects how a person thinks of herself at a certain moment.
Personality
The characteristic thoughts, emotional response, and behavior…
Reflected Appraisal
Self-esteem is based on how we believe others perceive us.
21 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12: Abnormal Psychology
Amnesia
Anxiety
Bisexuality
Dissociation
Loss of memory. Usually only a partial loss such as for a per…
The physiological and psychological reaction to an expected d…
Being attracted to or aroused by members of both genders. See…
A separation from the self, with the most severe resulting in…
Amnesia
Loss of memory. Usually only a partial loss such as for a per…
Anxiety
The physiological and psychological reaction to an expected d…
29 terms
Psychology 101 - Chapter 12 Vocab
stress
primary appraisal
secondary appraisal
problem-focused coping
the tension, discomfort, or physical symptoms that arise when…
initial decision regarding whether an event is harmful
perceptions regarding our ability to cope with an event that…
coping strategy by which we tackle life's challenges head-on
stress
the tension, discomfort, or physical symptoms that arise when…
primary appraisal
initial decision regarding whether an event is harmful
37 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12: Social Psychology
Zajonc's Model of Social Facilitation
Bystander Intervention Effect
Altruism
Prosocial
Presence of others -----> arousal -----> enhancement of domin…
The failure to offer help by those who observe someone in need
The providing of help when it is needed, without any apparent…
Tending to benefit others
Zajonc's Model of Social Facilitation
Presence of others -----> arousal -----> enhancement of domin…
Bystander Intervention Effect
The failure to offer help by those who observe someone in need
34 terms
Psychology 101: Chapter 12, Personality
Psychodynamic Theories
Psychoanalysis
Unconscious
Free Association
View personality with a focus on the unconscious and the impo…
Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and ac…
According to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable though…
In psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
Psychodynamic Theories
View personality with a focus on the unconscious and the impo…
Psychoanalysis
Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and ac…
44 terms
Psychology 101 chapter 12, 14, 15
Motivation
Intrinsic motivation
Extrinsic motivation
Set point
An inferred process within a person or animal that causes mov…
The pursuit of an activity for its own sake
The pursuit of an activity for external rewards such as money…
The genetically influenced weight range for an individual; it…
Motivation
An inferred process within a person or animal that causes mov…
Intrinsic motivation
The pursuit of an activity for its own sake
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