Study sets matching "psychology 1101"

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Study sets matching "psychology 1101"

137 terms
Psychology 1101
Nativism
Philosophical Empericism
Dualism
Structuralism
Idea that we are born with pre-existing knowledge. Plato
All of our knowledge is acquired. Aristotle
There is a disconnect between the mind and body. Descartes
Analysis of basic elements that constitute our mind. Wundt
Nativism
Idea that we are born with pre-existing knowledge. Plato
Philosophical Empericism
All of our knowledge is acquired. Aristotle
119 terms
Psychology 1101 Test 1
Psychology
Brain
Mind
Behavior
The scientific study of the brain, mind, and behavior.
Biological processes that support mental activity.
Perceptions, memories, thoughts, feelings.
The variety of actions organisms execute.
Psychology
The scientific study of the brain, mind, and behavior.
Brain
Biological processes that support mental activity.
66 terms
Psychology 1101 Chapter 2
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
The scientific study of the links between biological (genetic…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
The neuron extension that passes messages through its branche…
Biological Psychology
The scientific study of the links between biological (genetic…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
565 terms
Psychology 1101
Absentmindedness
Absolute threshold
Accommodation
Acetylcholine
a lapse in attention that results in memory failure
the minimal intensity needed to just barely detect a stimulus…
the process by which the eye maintains a clear image on the r…
a neurotransmitter involved in a number of functions, includi…
Absentmindedness
a lapse in attention that results in memory failure
Absolute threshold
the minimal intensity needed to just barely detect a stimulus…
308 terms
Psychology 1101
Psychology
Psychology
Human Brain
Start of Psychology
the scientific study of behavior( what we do) and mental proc…
concerned with ALL aspects of behavior and with the thoughts,…
made of 800-100 billion neurons ... operates on the basis of a c…
around 4th century BC ancient greek philosophy
Psychology
the scientific study of behavior( what we do) and mental proc…
Psychology
concerned with ALL aspects of behavior and with the thoughts,…
Psychology 1101
Psychology
Biological Perspective
Learning Perspective
Cognitive Perspective
the study of behavior and mental processes and how they are a…
emphasizes the role of bio (physiology, genetics) on behavior…
emphasizes the role of the environment and our experiences on…
emphasizes info processing and other mental processes and the…
Psychology
the study of behavior and mental processes and how they are a…
Biological Perspective
emphasizes the role of bio (physiology, genetics) on behavior…
50 terms
Psychology 1101
What is Psychology?
What are psychology's roots?
Where is the birth place of psychology?
Who is considered the father of Psych.?
The study of mental behavior and processes
philosophy, medicine, and biology
Germany
Wilhelm Wundt
What is Psychology?
The study of mental behavior and processes
What are psychology's roots?
philosophy, medicine, and biology
117 terms
Psychology 1101
Acetylchlorine (AcH)
Dopamine
Lens
Serotonin
arousal, attn, memory, motivation
voluntary movement, learning, emotional memories
behind pupil, focuses light on retina
"mood molecule" emotional experiences
Acetylchlorine (AcH)
arousal, attn, memory, motivation
Dopamine
voluntary movement, learning, emotional memories
psychology 1101
nature vs. nurture
stage theories
continuity
genotype
Fundamental debate within society if role of heredity or the…
View of human development in which people pass through stages…
View of human development in which people change continuously…
underlined genetic makeup
nature vs. nurture
Fundamental debate within society if role of heredity or the…
stage theories
View of human development in which people pass through stages…
Psychology 1101
2 kinds of retrieval
Recall
Recognition
Encoding
Recall and Recognition
Actively rying to remember; self generating info
Paired w/ a stimulus; familiarity judgement
Learning;... making associations; getting the info in
2 kinds of retrieval
Recall and Recognition
Recall
Actively rying to remember; self generating info
26 terms
Psychology 1101
Psychology
Psychologist
Hindsight Bias
Overconfidence
the science of behavior and mental processes; attempts to exp…
someone who has studied psychology as a major; either a maste…
tendency to believe after an outcome is known that it could h…
tendency to think we know more than we actually do
Psychology
the science of behavior and mental processes; attempts to exp…
Psychologist
someone who has studied psychology as a major; either a maste…
Psychology 1101
Wilhelm Wundt
Women in Pysch
Structuralism (Titchener)
Functionalism (Darwin)
"thinking about thinking" Germany, 1879
Mary Calkins: completed everything, offered a lesser degree,…
Introspection to revel the structure of the human mind --> lo…
how mental and behavioral processes function and allow for ad…
Wilhelm Wundt
"thinking about thinking" Germany, 1879
Women in Pysch
Mary Calkins: completed everything, offered a lesser degree,…
60 terms
Psychology 1101
Introspection
Freudian Psychology
What is introspection?
What did Freudian Psychology emphasize?
observation of one's self. Looking inwards.
Unconscious thought processes and response to childhood exper…
Observation of one's self, looking inward
Unconscious thought processes and response to childhood exper…
Introspection
observation of one's self. Looking inwards.
Freudian Psychology
Unconscious thought processes and response to childhood exper…
45 terms
psychology 1101
A psychologist is often skepical of cl…
in science, a scientific theory is def…
the tendency to look for a supportive…
because non of us wants to believe we…
a particular behavior is the result of a single causal variable
explanation for a large number of findings in the natural world
the confirmation bias
belief perserverence
A psychologist is often skepical of cl…
a particular behavior is the result of a single causal variable
in science, a scientific theory is def…
explanation for a large number of findings in the natural world
60 terms
Psychology 1101
Introspection
Freudian Psychology
What is introspection?
What did Freudian Psychology emphasize?
observation of one's self. Looking inwards.
Unconscious thought processes and response to childhood exper…
Observation of one's self, looking inward
Unconscious thought processes and response to childhood exper…
Introspection
observation of one's self. Looking inwards.
Freudian Psychology
Unconscious thought processes and response to childhood exper…
565 terms
Psychology 1101
Absentmindedness
Absolute threshold
Accommodation
Acetylcholine
a lapse in attention that results in memory failure
the minimal intensity needed to just barely detect a stimulus…
the process by which the eye maintains a clear image on the r…
a neurotransmitter involved in a number of functions, includi…
Absentmindedness
a lapse in attention that results in memory failure
Absolute threshold
the minimal intensity needed to just barely detect a stimulus…
45 terms
Psychology 1101 Chapter 13
social psychology
attribution theory
fundamental attribution error
attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
social psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
attribution theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
Psychology 1101 Chapter 6
Learning
Habituation
Classical Conditioning
Unconditioned stimulus
Change in an organisms behavior or thought as a result of exp…
Process of responding less strongly over time to repeated sti…
Form of learning in which animals come to respond to a previo…
Stimulus that elicits an automatic response
Learning
Change in an organisms behavior or thought as a result of exp…
Habituation
Process of responding less strongly over time to repeated sti…
43 terms
Psychology 1101 - Chapter 1
Psychology
1. Description... 2. Explanation... 3. Predi…
Structuralism
Objective Introspection
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Psychology's Four Goals?
Focused on the structure or basic elements of the mind
The process of objectively examining and measuring ones thoug…
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
1. Description... 2. Explanation... 3. Predi…
Psychology's Four Goals?
44 terms
Psychology 1101 - Chapter 4
Consciousness
Waking Concioisness
Alerted State of Consciousness
Circadian Rhythm
A persons awareness of everything that is going on around him…
State in which thoughts, feelings, and sensations are clear a…
State in which there is a shift in the quality or pattern of…
A cycle of bodily rhythm that occurs over a 24 hour period
Consciousness
A persons awareness of everything that is going on around him…
Waking Concioisness
State in which thoughts, feelings, and sensations are clear a…
Psychology 1101
structuralism
1879
functionalism
psychoanalytic theory
The attempt to understand the structure of characteristics of…
Wundt established the first psychology laboratory at the Univ…
The study of the function of behavior in the world
focuses on the role of a person's unconscious, as well as ear…
structuralism
The attempt to understand the structure of characteristics of…
1879
Wundt established the first psychology laboratory at the Univ…
565 terms
Psychology 1101
Absentmindedness
Absolute threshold
Accommodation
Acetylcholine
a lapse in attention that results in memory failure
the minimal intensity needed to just barely detect a stimulus…
the process by which the eye maintains a clear image on the r…
a neurotransmitter involved in a number of functions, includi…
Absentmindedness
a lapse in attention that results in memory failure
Absolute threshold
the minimal intensity needed to just barely detect a stimulus…
39 terms
Psychology 1101 Chapter 1
Clinical psychology
Counseling psychology
Developmental psychology
Experimental psychology
Clinical psychologists assess and treat people with psycholog…
Counseling psychologists do many of the same things that clin…
Developmental psychologists study how we develop intellectual…
Includes a diverse group of psychologists who do research in…
Clinical psychology
Clinical psychologists assess and treat people with psycholog…
Counseling psychology
Counseling psychologists do many of the same things that clin…
89 terms
psychology 1101
what was Asch's study on conformity?
What did Asch discover?
what is group think?
what is an example of groupthink?
the comparison of lines to a group of people to see if the th…
that if the people before had answered incorrectly but all ha…
occurs when people within a group feel it is more important t…
after the terrorist attack of the world trade center George W…
what was Asch's study on conformity?
the comparison of lines to a group of people to see if the th…
What did Asch discover?
that if the people before had answered incorrectly but all ha…
99 terms
Psychology 1101 Exam #1
psychology
mind
behavior
stimulus
the scientific study of mind and behavior
our private inner experience of perceptions, thoughts, memori…
observable actions of human beings and nonhuman animals
sensory input from the environment
psychology
the scientific study of mind and behavior
mind
our private inner experience of perceptions, thoughts, memori…
36 terms
Psychology 1101 Unit 1
behaviorism
independent variable
case study
informed consent
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
in an experiment, the factor that is manipulated; the variabl…
a descriptive technique in which one individual or group is s…
giving people enough information about a study to enable them…
behaviorism
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
independent variable
in an experiment, the factor that is manipulated; the variabl…
21 terms
Psychology 1101
Psychology
John B Watson
Conciousness
Selective Attention
The study of the mental process and behaviors
Responsible for the school of behaviorism
Being aware of yourself and surroundings
Focusing on one thing
Psychology
The study of the mental process and behaviors
John B Watson
Responsible for the school of behaviorism
66 terms
Psychology 1101 Chapter 2
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
The scientific study of the links between biological (genetic…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
The neuron extension that passes messages through its branche…
Biological Psychology
The scientific study of the links between biological (genetic…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
74 terms
Psychology 1101 - Exam #1
psychology
science
behavior
mental processes
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
The use of systematic methods to observe the natural world, i…
Everything we do that can be directly observed.
The thoughts, feelings, and motives that each of us experienc…
psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
science
The use of systematic methods to observe the natural world, i…
psychology 1101
After Maya gave her friend the passwor…
Mr. Nydam suffers amnesia and is unabl…
Another term for implicit memory is __…
Mentally rehearsing the glossary defin…
a) short-term... b) procedural... c) implicit... d) flashbulb
a) recognition and recall.... b) proactive interference and ret…
a) Nondeclaritive... b) short-term... c) state-dependent... d) iconic
a) procedural memory.... b) echoic memory.... c) effortful proces…
After Maya gave her friend the passwor…
a) short-term... b) procedural... c) implicit... d) flashbulb
Mr. Nydam suffers amnesia and is unabl…
a) recognition and recall.... b) proactive interference and ret…
62 terms
Psychology 1101 Test 3
Biopsychosocial Model
Stress
HPA Axis
General Adaption Syndrome
A model in which mental disorders are the result of an intera…
Your mind and body's response or reaction to a stressor (thre…
Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis... Produces the stress hormo…
3 stages of stress: Alarm, Resistance, Exhaustion
Biopsychosocial Model
A model in which mental disorders are the result of an intera…
Stress
Your mind and body's response or reaction to a stressor (thre…
Psychology 1101 Chapter 2
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
The scientific study of the links between biological (genetic…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
The neuron extension that passes messages through its branche…
Biological Psychology
The scientific study of the links between biological (genetic…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
162 terms
Exam 1 (Psychology 1101)
What was John Locke famous for?
What was Locke's view?
What was John Locke's essay about?
What did Jean Jacques Rousseau believe…
Tabula Rasa (blank slate)
He was a nurturist.
Human understanding
He believed that one is born good and society makes them bad.…
What was John Locke famous for?
Tabula Rasa (blank slate)
What was Locke's view?
He was a nurturist.
92 terms
Psychology 1101 Test 2
Classical Conditioning
Rescorla-Wagner Model
Stimulus Generalization
Stimulus Discrimination
A neutral stimulus elicits a response because it has been ass…
Learning that some predictors are better than others, by the…
Occurs when stimulus similar but not identical to the CS prod…
Learning to differentiate between two similar stimuli if one…
Classical Conditioning
A neutral stimulus elicits a response because it has been ass…
Rescorla-Wagner Model
Learning that some predictors are better than others, by the…
53 terms
Chapter 8 Psychology 1101
Memory
Recall
Recognition
Relearning
Persistence of learning over time through the encoding, stora…
Measure of memory in which the person must retrieve informati…
ID'ing terms previously learning (multiple choice test)
learning something more quickly when you learn it a second or…
Memory
Persistence of learning over time through the encoding, stora…
Recall
Measure of memory in which the person must retrieve informati…
33 terms
Important People from Psychology 1101
Pavlov
John B. Watson
Skinner
Francis Galton
Classical conditioning... Behaviorist... Associate events/stimuli t…
Founder of behaviorism... Little Albert (conditioned to fear whi…
Behavior is motivated by consequences (reinforcements/punishm…
Promoted "mental tests" at world fairs and promoted eugenics…
Pavlov
Classical conditioning... Behaviorist... Associate events/stimuli t…
John B. Watson
Founder of behaviorism... Little Albert (conditioned to fear whi…
216 terms
Exam 2 (Psychology 1101)
What are the 3 participating factors i…
What is psychological motivation?
What does humanistic mean?
What is instinct?
1) Activation... 2) Persistence... 3) Intensity... Examples: relation…
factors within and outside an organism that cause it to behav…
psych and cognitive factors are motivated-even to realize pot…
When you believe motives are innate. "Darwin"
What are the 3 participating factors i…
1) Activation... 2) Persistence... 3) Intensity... Examples: relation…
What is psychological motivation?
factors within and outside an organism that cause it to behav…
Psychology 1101 Chapter 1
psychology
philosophy
Empiricists such as ______________ vie…
anything given one minute of thought
the scientific study of behavior and mental processses
the discipline that systematically examines basic concepts in…
John Locke.............. blank slate at birth
will fade from memory
psychology
the scientific study of behavior and mental processses
philosophy
the discipline that systematically examines basic concepts in…
33 terms
Psychology 1101 Chapter 1
Cognitive Neuroscience
Behavioral Neuroscience
Broadbent
Gestalt Psychology
Attempts to understand the links between cognitive process an…
Links psychological processes to activities in the nervous sy…
Cognitive psychology... Attention
Max Wertheimer and Kurt Lewis... Subjective experience to stimul…
Cognitive Neuroscience
Attempts to understand the links between cognitive process an…
Behavioral Neuroscience
Links psychological processes to activities in the nervous sy…
Psychology 1101 Chapter 2
Agonist
Antagonist
Neurotransmitters
central nervous system- body's decisio…
a molecule that increases a neurotransmitter's action
a molecule that inhibits or blocks a neurotransmitter's action
serotonin, dopamine, and endorphins are all the chemical mess…
the brain and the spinal cord form the
Agonist
a molecule that increases a neurotransmitter's action
Antagonist
a molecule that inhibits or blocks a neurotransmitter's action
17 terms
Psychology 1101: Chapter 7
Associative Learning
Classical Conditioning
Unconditioned Stimulus
Unconditioned Response
Formation of associations b/w stimuli and responses
Founded by Ivan Pavlov (19th century, Russian)... Stimulus that…
Always naturally elicits response ... Ex: Pavlov's Dogs: food st…
Innate reflexive response ... Ex: Pavlov's Dogs: Saliva in respo…
Associative Learning
Formation of associations b/w stimuli and responses
Classical Conditioning
Founded by Ivan Pavlov (19th century, Russian)... Stimulus that…
31 terms
Psychology 1101 Chapter 1
Wilhelm Wundt
regression toward the mean
naturalistic observation
correlation coefficient
He used scientific methods to study fundamental psychological…
the tendency for extreme or unusual scores or events to fall…
a descriptive technique of observing and recording behavior i…
a statistical index of the relationship between two things.
Wilhelm Wundt
He used scientific methods to study fundamental psychological…
regression toward the mean
the tendency for extreme or unusual scores or events to fall…
40 terms
Psychology 1101: Chapter 3
Neuroscience
Neuron
Mirror Neuron
Soma
The study of how the brain and behavior impact each other (Be…
Brain cell... Sensory ... Motor... Interneurons
Lets you notice and mimic another's behavior
Body of the cell, where all the organelles are ... Collection of…
Neuroscience
The study of how the brain and behavior impact each other (Be…
Neuron
Brain cell... Sensory ... Motor... Interneurons
47 terms
Psychology 1101: Chapter 14
Abnormal Psychology
Psychopathology
Subjective Discomfort
Statistically Abnormal
Study of abnormalities in psychology
Study or mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders... Also ref…
Private feelings of discomfort, unhappiness, or emotional dis…
Abnormality defined by having extreme scores on some dimensio…
Abnormal Psychology
Study of abnormalities in psychology
Psychopathology
Study or mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders... Also ref…
65 terms
Psychology 1101 - Chapter 5
Learning
Nonassociative, Associative, and Watch…
Nonassociative Learning
Associative Learning
Any relativlely permanent change in behavior brought on by ex…
What are the three types of learning?
learning about a stimulus through exposure from the outside w…
learning which involves the relationship between two pieces o…
Learning
Any relativlely permanent change in behavior brought on by ex…
Nonassociative, Associative, and Watch…
What are the three types of learning?
16 terms
Psychology 1101 Chapter 2
illusory correlation
independent variable
dependent variable
theory
The belief that strange behavior is linked to the occurrence…
The ________ is controlled by the experimenter
The ________ measures effects of the independent variable
a well-developed set of ideas that proposes an explanation fo…
illusory correlation
The belief that strange behavior is linked to the occurrence…
independent variable
The ________ is controlled by the experimenter
psychology 1101 Chapter 5
sleep paralysis
consciousness
circadium rhythm
biological clock
state of being unable to move just after falling asleep or ri…
our subjective experience of the world, our bodies, and our m…
cyclical changes that occur on a roughly 24-hour basis in man…
term for the are of the hypothalamus that;s responsible for c…
sleep paralysis
state of being unable to move just after falling asleep or ri…
consciousness
our subjective experience of the world, our bodies, and our m…
28 terms
Psychology 1101 Chapter 9
Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence
Fluid Reasoning
Knowledge
The global capacity to act purposefully, think rationally, an…
Computer programs capable of doing things that require intell…
Used to measure IQ... Ex: How are a dog and a chair alike?
Used to measure IQ... Ex: What does the risorious muscle do?
Intelligence
The global capacity to act purposefully, think rationally, an…
Artificial Intelligence
Computer programs capable of doing things that require intell…
Psychology 1101 Chapter 9
Developmental psychology
Synaptic pruning
Teratogens
Perception
the study of changes, over the life span, in physiology, cogn…
a process whereby the synaptic connections in the brain that…
agents that harm the embryo or fetus
development of infants' sensory capacities allows them to obs…
Developmental psychology
the study of changes, over the life span, in physiology, cogn…
Synaptic pruning
a process whereby the synaptic connections in the brain that…
Psychology 1101 Chapter 10
developmental psychology
post hoc fallacy
cross-sectional design
cohort effect
study of how behavior changes over the lifespan
false assumption that because one event occurred before anoth…
research design that examines people of different ages at a s…
effect observed in a sample of participants that results from…
developmental psychology
study of how behavior changes over the lifespan
post hoc fallacy
false assumption that because one event occurred before anoth…
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