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Study sets matching "psychology 202"

149 terms
Psychology 202
Emotion
James Lang Theory
Cannon Bard Theory
Two factor theory
Positive or negative experience that is associated with parti…
stimulus triggers activity in body which in turn produces emo…
Stimulus triggers activity in body and emotional experience i…
emotions based on inferences about causes of physiological ar…
Emotion
Positive or negative experience that is associated with parti…
James Lang Theory
stimulus triggers activity in body which in turn produces emo…
138 terms
Psychology 202
The Brain
Motor Area
Sensory Area
Frontal Lobe
- Metabolically demanding ... - Active even when your sleeping…
- Control of voluntary muscles
- Skin sensations (temperature, pressure, pain)
- Movement, problem solving, concentrating, thinking, behavio…
The Brain
- Metabolically demanding ... - Active even when your sleeping…
Motor Area
- Control of voluntary muscles
166 terms
Psychology 202 Final Exam
Explain how attitudes guide behavior.
Explain the mere exposure effect and w…
Distinguish between implicit and expli…
What is cognitive dissonance? How does…
We Form Attitudes through Experience and... Socialization
The more we are exposed to something, the more... likely we are…
Explicit: Those you are aware of and can report... Implicit: Tho…
feeling of discomfort caused by performing... an action that run…
Explain how attitudes guide behavior.
We Form Attitudes through Experience and... Socialization
Explain the mere exposure effect and w…
The more we are exposed to something, the more... likely we are…
80 terms
Psychology 202 Chapter 3
Consciousness
Materialism
Freudian Slip
Subliminal Perception
The combination of a person's subjective experience of the ex…
The idea that the brain and the mind are inseparable, and tha…
We express an unconscious thought at an inappropriate time or…
The processing of information by sensory systems without a pe…
Consciousness
The combination of a person's subjective experience of the ex…
Materialism
The idea that the brain and the mind are inseparable, and tha…
65 terms
Psychology 202
mental disorder
medical model
comorbidity
biopsychosocial perspective
a persistent disturbance of dysfunction in behavior, thoughts…
abnormal psychological experiences are conceptualized as illn…
co-occurrence of two or more disorders in one individual
explains mental disorders as the result of interactions among…
mental disorder
a persistent disturbance of dysfunction in behavior, thoughts…
medical model
abnormal psychological experiences are conceptualized as illn…
126 terms
Psychology 202
Motivation
Emotions
Satisfaction of Needs
Drive
The purpose for or the psychological cause of action
They are heavily guiding our actions... 1.) Provide information…
Maslows Hierarchy of needs... - in order to move up you have to…
Is a psychological state that motivates a person to satisfy a…
Motivation
The purpose for or the psychological cause of action
Emotions
They are heavily guiding our actions... 1.) Provide information…
40 terms
Psychology 202-Social Psychology
social psychology
aggression
frustration-aggression hypothesis
group
study of the causes and consequences of sociality
behavior whose purpose is to harm another
a principle stating that animals aggress when their desires a…
a collection of people who have something in common that dist…
social psychology
study of the causes and consequences of sociality
aggression
behavior whose purpose is to harm another
204 terms
Psychology 202
T1B: Psychoanalysis focuses on:
T1B: Psychologists work in a wide vari…
T1B: In his best-selling book, Beyond…
T1B: The school of functionalism was m…
bringing unconscious materials into conscious awareness.
clinical settings.
B.F. Skinner (a famous behaviorist)
Charles Darwin
T1B: Psychoanalysis focuses on:
bringing unconscious materials into conscious awareness.
T1B: Psychologists work in a wide vari…
clinical settings.
80 terms
Psychology 202
psychology
Empirical
phrenology
Functionalism
the discipline concerned with behavior and mental processes a…
relying on or derived from observation, experimentation, or m…
the now-discredited theory that different brain areas account…
an early psychology approach that emphasized the function or…
psychology
the discipline concerned with behavior and mental processes a…
Empirical
relying on or derived from observation, experimentation, or m…
223 terms
Psychology 202
Psychology
Mind
Behavior
Careers in psychology include:
The scientific study of mind and behavior
Inner personal thoughts
observable actions of human beings and nonhuman animals
Applied work (direct contact with clinical, school, etc), Res…
Psychology
The scientific study of mind and behavior
Mind
Inner personal thoughts
268 terms
Psychology 202
William James
Psychology
Mind
Behavior
(1842-1910) Started when Psychology was young. Applied a scie…
The scientific study of the mind and behavior.
Our private inner experience of perceptions, thoughts, memori…
Observable actions of human beings and nonhuman animals.
William James
(1842-1910) Started when Psychology was young. Applied a scie…
Psychology
The scientific study of the mind and behavior.
19 terms
Psychology 202
Drive
Incentive
Obesity
Set-point theory
Internal state of tension that motivates an organism to engag…
An external goal that has the capacity to motivate behavior
Condition of being overweight
The body monitors fat cell levels to keep them fairly stable
Drive
Internal state of tension that motivates an organism to engag…
Incentive
An external goal that has the capacity to motivate behavior
66 terms
Psychology 202
Attending (listening) Interpersonal Sk…
Paraphrasing ... Interpersonal Skills
Clarifying ... Interpersonal Skills
Perception Checking... Interpersonal Skills
Effective listeners have desire, commitment, and patience. Co…
Expressing a thought or idea in alternate and sometimes short…
Bringing vague content into clearer focus.
Asking for verification of your understanding.
Attending (listening) Interpersonal Sk…
Effective listeners have desire, commitment, and patience. Co…
Paraphrasing ... Interpersonal Skills
Expressing a thought or idea in alternate and sometimes short…
81 terms
Psychology 202
Unconditioned Stimulus (US)
Unconditioned Response (UR)
Conditioned Stimulus (CS)
Conditioned Response (CR)
Any stimulus evoking an unlearnt response; the conditioned st…
A reflex action innately elicited by a stimulus without the i…
A stimulus to which an organism has learned to make a response.
A response that becomes associated with a previously unrelate…
Unconditioned Stimulus (US)
Any stimulus evoking an unlearnt response; the conditioned st…
Unconditioned Response (UR)
A reflex action innately elicited by a stimulus without the i…
135 terms
Psychology 202
Emotion
James Lange Theory of Emotion
Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotion
Undifferentiated physiological arousal
a positive or negative experience that is associated with a p…
stimulus triggers activity in the body, which in turn produce…
a stimulus simultaneously triggers activity in the body and e…
Different emotions are merely different interpretations of a…
Emotion
a positive or negative experience that is associated with a p…
James Lange Theory of Emotion
stimulus triggers activity in the body, which in turn produce…
23 terms
Psychology 202
Willhelm Wundt
William James
Watson
Skinner
Father of modern psycholgy... Identify structure of the mind... Int…
First American Psychology -> Harvard... Functionalism: the study…
Mind is a black box
Reinforcement/reward
Willhelm Wundt
Father of modern psycholgy... Identify structure of the mind... Int…
William James
First American Psychology -> Harvard... Functionalism: the study…
37 terms
Psychology 202
Psychoanalysis
Psychodynamic therapy
Humanistic/Existential therapies
Behavior therapy
A freudian psychodynamic therapy that emphasizes developing i…
General approach that encourages individuals to explore child…
Therapies that seek to help people overcome alienation and lo…
Therapy that seeks to eliminate unwanted behaviors, promote d…
Psychoanalysis
A freudian psychodynamic therapy that emphasizes developing i…
Psychodynamic therapy
General approach that encourages individuals to explore child…
77 terms
Psychology 202
Functionalism
Structuralism
Introspection
Psychoanalytic Theory
Based on the belief that psychology should investigate the fu…
Based on the notion that the task of psychology is to analyze…
The careful, systematic self observation of one's own conscio…
Attempts to explain personality, motivation, and mental disor…
Functionalism
Based on the belief that psychology should investigate the fu…
Structuralism
Based on the notion that the task of psychology is to analyze…
43 terms
psychology 202
Algorithms
Analytical intelligence
Anchoring bias
Aptitudes
Problem solving procedures or formulas that guarantee a corre…
According to Sternberg, the ability measured by most IQ tests…
A faulty heuristic caused by basing (anchoring) to estimate o…
Innate potentialities (as contrasted with the abilities acqui…
Algorithms
Problem solving procedures or formulas that guarantee a corre…
Analytical intelligence
According to Sternberg, the ability measured by most IQ tests…
141 terms
Psychology 202
MMPI (Minnesota Multiphasic Personalit…
Rorschach Inkblot Test
TAT (Thematic Apperception Test)
Big five traits
A well-researched, clinical questionnaire used to assess pers…
A projective technique in which respondents' inner thoughts a…
A projective technique in which respondents' underlying motiv…
the traits of the five-factor model: openness to experience,…
MMPI (Minnesota Multiphasic Personalit…
A well-researched, clinical questionnaire used to assess pers…
Rorschach Inkblot Test
A projective technique in which respondents' inner thoughts a…
Psychology 202
Unconditioned Stimulus (US)
Unconditioned Response (UR)
Conditioned Stimulus (CS)
Conditioned Response (CR)
Any stimulus evoking an unlearnt response; the conditioned st…
A reflex action innately elicited by a stimulus without the i…
A stimulus to which an organism has learned to make a response.
A response that becomes associated with a previously unrelate…
Unconditioned Stimulus (US)
Any stimulus evoking an unlearnt response; the conditioned st…
Unconditioned Response (UR)
A reflex action innately elicited by a stimulus without the i…
58 terms
psychology 202
Wilhelm Wundt
william james
Hermann von Helmhotz
Stanley Hal
founder of psychology... Structuralist
functionalist... applied Darwin's Theory: his mental processes s…
reaction time
first american lab, journal, organization for psychology
Wilhelm Wundt
founder of psychology... Structuralist
william james
functionalist... applied Darwin's Theory: his mental processes s…
64 terms
Psychology 202
sexual minorities
Alfred Kinsey's scale of sexuality
Moral Development
heteronomous morality
someone who identifies with being lesbian, gay, or bisexual
Went around the country asking questions about sex.... Homosexua…
thoughts, feelings, and behaviors regarding standards of righ…
period of moral development in which rules are seen as "sacre…
sexual minorities
someone who identifies with being lesbian, gay, or bisexual
Alfred Kinsey's scale of sexuality
Went around the country asking questions about sex.... Homosexua…
30 terms
Psychology 202
The 5 functions of Zage
William james (1842-1910)
Psychology
Mind
1. To provide norfins... 2. To perjugate interactions... 3. To expr…
Troubled youth, learned of the new science of psychology, wro…
Scientific study of mind and behavior
Private inner experience of perceptions, thoughts, memories,…
The 5 functions of Zage
1. To provide norfins... 2. To perjugate interactions... 3. To expr…
William james (1842-1910)
Troubled youth, learned of the new science of psychology, wro…
42 terms
Psychology 202
Psychiatrists
Psychologists
Case Study
What are the 4 goals of science?
-Are Mds... -Go to medical school... -CAN prescribe medication
-Are Phds... -Generally CANNOT prescribe medication
In-depth observation of one person or a small group
describe, predict, explain, control
Psychiatrists
-Are Mds... -Go to medical school... -CAN prescribe medication
Psychologists
-Are Phds... -Generally CANNOT prescribe medication
61 terms
Psychology 202 Chapter 4
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
somatic nervous system
autonomic nervous system
consists of the brain and spinal cord
all portions of the nervous system outside the brain and spin…
subdivision of the peripheral nervous that connects to sensor…
subdivision of the peripheral nervous system that regulates i…
central nervous system (CNS)
consists of the brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
all portions of the nervous system outside the brain and spin…
61 terms
Psychology 202
Wilhelm Wundt
Naturwissenschaften
Geisteswissenschaften
James
Opened first experimental psychology lab in 1879 at universit…
nature+knowledge+to make
spirit+knowledge+to make
Opened a "demonstration" psychology lab at Harvard, focused o…
Wilhelm Wundt
Opened first experimental psychology lab in 1879 at universit…
Naturwissenschaften
nature+knowledge+to make
21 terms
Psychology 202
Learning (dictionary)
Learning (Behaviorist)
Behaviorism
Structuralism
acquisition of knowledge
-relatively permanent change in behavior or behavioral repert…
-refers to school of psychology based on John B. Watson- psyc…
-Wundt... -Tried to find basic building blocks of conscious expe…
Learning (dictionary)
acquisition of knowledge
Learning (Behaviorist)
-relatively permanent change in behavior or behavioral repert…
39 terms
Psychology 202
human development
Physical, cognitive, social or emotional
Physical
cognative
area of psychology that focuses on changes that occur from co…
What are the 3 domains of development?
biological
thought process
human development
area of psychology that focuses on changes that occur from co…
Physical, cognitive, social or emotional
What are the 3 domains of development?
43 terms
Psychology 202
Personality
The Psycho-dynamic Perspective... (3 typ…
The Psycho-dynamic Perspective... (3 typ…
ID
thoughts, feeling, and actions that characterize a person... (I…
Conscious... Preconscious... Unconscious
o Conscious: Mental events in current awareness ... o Preconsci…
Innermost core of personality ... Present at BIRTH... Entirely u…
Personality
thoughts, feeling, and actions that characterize a person... (I…
The Psycho-dynamic Perspective... (3 typ…
Conscious... Preconscious... Unconscious
29 terms
Psychology 202 - Exam 2
Misattribution of Arousal
The role of the Autonomic Nervous Syst…
Basic Emotions
Secondary Emotions
The tendency to incorrectly label the source of the arousal o…
The ANS mobilizes the body for action with stress hormones fr…
Allows us to make judgments and direct behavior rapidly.... Exa…
Determined by arousal and valence - where the experience is p…
Misattribution of Arousal
The tendency to incorrectly label the source of the arousal o…
The role of the Autonomic Nervous Syst…
The ANS mobilizes the body for action with stress hormones fr…
59 terms
Psychology 202 Chapter 2
Gilal Cells
Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Smaller than neurons and ten times more. Help hold the nerve…
A network of billions of cellist he brain and the body respon…
The part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and…
The part of the nervous system the enables nerves to connect…
Gilal Cells
Smaller than neurons and ten times more. Help hold the nerve…
Nervous System
A network of billions of cellist he brain and the body respon…
41 terms
Psychology 202- Psychological Disorders
mental disorder
medical model
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of M…
comorbidity
a persistent disturbance or dysfunction in behavior, thoughts…
abnormal psychological experiences are conceptualized as illn…
a classification system that describes the features used to d…
the co-occurrence of two or more disorders in a single indivi…
mental disorder
a persistent disturbance or dysfunction in behavior, thoughts…
medical model
abnormal psychological experiences are conceptualized as illn…
63 terms
Psychology 202 Exam 3
state hypotheses
set decision criteria
calculate test value
decision and interpretation
first step of hypothesis testing
second step of hypothesis testing
third step of hypothesis testing
fourth step of hypothesis testing
state hypotheses
first step of hypothesis testing
set decision criteria
second step of hypothesis testing
43 terms
Psychology 202
Psychoanalysis focuses on?
Psychologists work in a wide variety o…
In his best selling book, " Beyond Fre…
The school of functionalism was most i…
bringing unconscious material into conscious awareness
clinical settings
B. F. Skinner (famous behaviorist)
Charles Darwin
Psychoanalysis focuses on?
bringing unconscious material into conscious awareness
Psychologists work in a wide variety o…
clinical settings
18 terms
Psychology 202- Chapter 2
Evolutionary Psychology
Chromosomes
DNA
Genes
Branch of psychology that emphasize the importance of adaptat…
Threadlike structures made up of deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA
A complex molecule with a double helix shape; contains geneti…
Units of hereditary information composed of DNA. Genes help c…
Evolutionary Psychology
Branch of psychology that emphasize the importance of adaptat…
Chromosomes
Threadlike structures made up of deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA
113 terms
Psychology 202 Exam 2
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
ability to store and retrieve info over time
process by which we transform what we perceive, think, or fee…
the process of maintaining info in memory over time
process of bringing to mind info that has been previously enc…
memory
ability to store and retrieve info over time
encoding
process by which we transform what we perceive, think, or fee…
204 terms
Psychology 202 Exam 2
During Psychology class lecture you li…
When studying for a psychology exam, J…
Jennifer is daydreaming in class when…
Short term memory can hold: ... a) a 7 d…
d) encoding; storage; retrieval
d) semantic judgments
d) echoic memory
b) approximately 7 meaningful terms
During Psychology class lecture you li…
d) encoding; storage; retrieval
When studying for a psychology exam, J…
d) semantic judgments
82 terms
Psychology 202 Exam 2
Iconic Memory
Echoic Memory
Explicit Memory
Sematic
visual snapshot
not paying attention but still can hear question
conscious recall
facts
Iconic Memory
visual snapshot
Echoic Memory
not paying attention but still can hear question
32 terms
Psychology 202-Personality
personality
self-report
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inve…
projective tests
an individual's characteristic style of behaving, thinking an…
a method in which people provide subjective information about…
a well-researched, clinical questionnaire used to assess pers…
tests designed to reveal inner aspects of individuals' person…
personality
an individual's characteristic style of behaving, thinking an…
self-report
a method in which people provide subjective information about…
37 terms
Psychology 202- Development
developmental psychology
zygote
germinal stage
embryonic stage
the study of continuity and changes across the life span
a fertilized egg that contains chromosomes from both a sperm…
2-week period of prenatal development that begins at conception
period of prenatal development that lasts from the second wee…
developmental psychology
the study of continuity and changes across the life span
zygote
a fertilized egg that contains chromosomes from both a sperm…
46 terms
Psychology 202 Exam #3
Rational choice theory
Frequency format hypothesis
Framing effects
Sunk-cost fallacy
Lottery ticket
10/100 is better than 1%
70% success rate versus 30% failure
Not likely to leave a long line because you already stood in…
Rational choice theory
Lottery ticket
Frequency format hypothesis
10/100 is better than 1%
60 terms
Psychology 202 Midterm #1
Psychology
William Wundt
Edward Titchener
Structuralism
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Credited with being the founder of psychology as an experimen…
Created the approach of structuralism, one of the first major…
Early school of psychology that emphasized studying the most…
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
William Wundt
Credited with being the founder of psychology as an experimen…
60 terms
Psychology 202 8
emotion
Cannon-Bard theory
James-Lange theory
appraisal
A positive or negative experience that is associated with a p…
A theory about the relationship between emotional experience…
A theory about the relationship between emotional experience…
An evaluation of the emotion-relevant aspects of a stimulus t…
emotion
A positive or negative experience that is associated with a p…
Cannon-Bard theory
A theory about the relationship between emotional experience…
25 terms
Psychology 202- social psychology
Altruism
Bystander effect
Diffusion of responsibility
Deindividualization
A display of genuine and unselfish concern for the welfare of…
The tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to giv…
reduction in sense of responsibility often felt by individual…
the loss of self-awareness and self-restraint occurring in gr…
Altruism
A display of genuine and unselfish concern for the welfare of…
Bystander effect
The tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to giv…
44 terms
Psychology 202 Chapter Four
study the brain as related to human be…
receives, processes, interprets, and s…
The brain and the spinal chord are:
What type of reflex is produced withou…
neuropsychologists
Central Nervous System
The two main components of the CNS
spinal reflex
study the brain as related to human be…
neuropsychologists
receives, processes, interprets, and s…
Central Nervous System
59 terms
Psychology 202 Chapter 2
Gilal Cells
Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Smaller than neurons and ten times more. Help hold the nerve…
A network of billions of cellist he brain and the body respon…
The part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and…
The part of the nervous system the enables nerves to connect…
Gilal Cells
Smaller than neurons and ten times more. Help hold the nerve…
Nervous System
A network of billions of cellist he brain and the body respon…
60 terms
Psychology 202 chp 13
Social Psychology
Aggression
Frustration-aggression hypothesis:
Negative affect:
studies how we relate toward other people, how other people i…
behavior whose purpose is to harm another
a principle stating that animals aggress only when their goal…
may also cause aggression.
Social Psychology
studies how we relate toward other people, how other people i…
Aggression
behavior whose purpose is to harm another
13 terms
Psychology 202 Chapter 10
emotion
primary emotions
secondary emotions
display rules
an immediate, specific negative or positive response to envir…
emotions that are innate, evolutionary adaptive, and universal
blend of primary emotions
rules learned through socialization that dictate which emotio…
emotion
an immediate, specific negative or positive response to envir…
primary emotions
emotions that are innate, evolutionary adaptive, and universal
18 terms
Psychology 202 Chapter 8
emotion
six basic emotions
fight or flight
James-Lange Theory
a positive or negative experience that is associated with a p…
happy... sad... fear... anger... surprise... disgust
an emotional and physiological reaction to an emergency that…
specific physiological state -> experience... stimuli trigger ac…
emotion
a positive or negative experience that is associated with a p…
six basic emotions
happy... sad... fear... anger... surprise... disgust
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