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Study sets matching "psychology 215"

13 terms
Psychology 215
Original Sin
Blank Slate
Innate Goodness
Science - Darwin
All are born with a sinful nature (Augustine)
Born wit no innate tendencies. All human differences are due…
All humans are naturally good - seek experiences that help th…
Understanding the development of human species by studying ch…
Original Sin
All are born with a sinful nature (Augustine)
Blank Slate
Born wit no innate tendencies. All human differences are due…
19 terms
psychology 215
Biopsychosocial
Stigma
Humanitarian
Scientific
A model in which the interaction, psychological, and sociocul…
A label that causes certain people to be regarded as differen…
Views psychological disorders as the result of cruelty, stres…
Looks for causes that we can objectively measure, such as bio…
Biopsychosocial
A model in which the interaction, psychological, and sociocul…
Stigma
A label that causes certain people to be regarded as differen…
69 terms
Psychology 215 - Chapter 11
Endocrine Glands
Pituitary Gland
Gonadotrophic Hormones
Hormones released by Pituitary Gland
Secretes Hormones that affect growth/physical Development
Triggers other Glands to release hormones
Develops Sex Organs
Growth Hormone (GH)... Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
Endocrine Glands
Secretes Hormones that affect growth/physical Development
Pituitary Gland
Triggers other Glands to release hormones
285 terms
PSYC 215 - SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
social psychology
dispositions
fundamental attribution error
channel factors
scientific study of the feelings, thoughts, and behaviours of…
beliefs, values, personality traits, and abilities that guide…
failure to recognise importance of situational influences on…
situational circumstances that appear unimportant on the surf…
social psychology
scientific study of the feelings, thoughts, and behaviours of…
dispositions
beliefs, values, personality traits, and abilities that guide…
8 terms
Psychology 215 Chapter 7
Corpus Callosum
Lateralization
Hippocampus
Reticular Formation
Structure of the brain that connects the left and right hemis…
Process where brain functions are divided between the hemisph…
Helps transfer information to Long-Term Memory
Brain structures that are essential to attention and focus
Corpus Callosum
Structure of the brain that connects the left and right hemis…
Lateralization
Process where brain functions are divided between the hemisph…
13 terms
Psychology 215: Chapter 3
Basic Research
Applied Research
Laboratory Research
Field Research
Focuses on describing, predicting & explaining the fundementa…
Has direct and immediate relevance to the solution of real-wo…
Has greater control, but has issues with being "aritifical"
Environment closely matches real life. But researchers have l…
Basic Research
Focuses on describing, predicting & explaining the fundementa…
Applied Research
Has direct and immediate relevance to the solution of real-wo…
61 terms
Psychology 215 Exam 2
Mental Imagery
Dual-Code Theory
Visual Code
Verbal Code
How perceptual information is represented and processed in ou…
Visual and verbal representations are encoded in different wa…
Geometrical; spatial
Linear; serial
Mental Imagery
How perceptual information is represented and processed in ou…
Dual-Code Theory
Visual and verbal representations are encoded in different wa…
177 terms
215 Social Psychology
social psychology
prison guard/prisoner study
power of the situation
Milgram experiment
scientific study of the feelings, thoughts, and behaviours of…
Zimbardo: demonstrated the unequal power in prisons, of how i…
the role of the situation guides our behaviour; influences wh…
electric shock experiment, where a man in a white lab coat to…
social psychology
scientific study of the feelings, thoughts, and behaviours of…
prison guard/prisoner study
Zimbardo: demonstrated the unequal power in prisons, of how i…
76 terms
Psychology 215 Final Study Guide
Disengagement Theory
Socioemotional Selectivity Theory and…
Erikson's Integrity v. Despair in late…
Affect Optimization
Mutual withdrawal between adults (older) and society.... Benefit…
Social interaction is a life long selection.... As physical frag…
Coming to terms with one's adult life. Integrity: feel whole…
Maximize positive emotion and dampen negative emotion. High r…
Disengagement Theory
Mutual withdrawal between adults (older) and society.... Benefit…
Socioemotional Selectivity Theory and…
Social interaction is a life long selection.... As physical frag…
22 terms
Psychology 215: Chapter One
Define distress and provide example
Define dysfunction and provide example
Define deviance and provide example
Define danger and provide example
Distress: It causes distress to either yourself or the people…
Dysfunction: When the abnormality gets to a point where you c…
Deviance: Different from social norm. ... Example: Hearing voice…
Danger: Either to yourself your or others... For example: settin…
Define distress and provide example
Distress: It causes distress to either yourself or the people…
Define dysfunction and provide example
Dysfunction: When the abnormality gets to a point where you c…
30 terms
Psychology Pages 215-227
Learning
Habituation
Associative Learning
Classical Conditioning
A relatively permanent change in an organisms behavior due to…
An organisms decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated…
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
A type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
Learning
A relatively permanent change in an organisms behavior due to…
Habituation
An organisms decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated…
Ap psychology 215-234
Audition
Frequency
Pitch
Middle ear
Sense of hearing ... Process by which we transduce air pressure…
The number of complete wavelengths that pass a point in a giv…
Eight times experience highness or lowness depends on frequency
the chamber between The eardrum and Cochlea containing three…
Audition
Sense of hearing ... Process by which we transduce air pressure…
Frequency
The number of complete wavelengths that pass a point in a giv…
12 terms
Psychology 215- Chapter 12
Identity
Identity v. Role Confusion
Exploration and Commitment
Identity Moratorium
Major personality achievement of adolescence and as a crucial…
12-18 years-- explore possibilities and begin to form their o…
Identity is a process of exploring and committing-- gather in…
These people are in the process of exploring and trying out a…
Identity
Major personality achievement of adolescence and as a crucial…
Identity v. Role Confusion
12-18 years-- explore possibilities and begin to form their o…
35 terms
Psychology 215: Chapter 2
Chromosomes
Genotype
Phenotype
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Within each nucleus there are chromosomes-- chromosomes store…
Genetic information that influences our characteristics.
Directly observable characteristics (the way we look).
What chromosomes are made up of-- looks like a twisted ladder…
Chromosomes
Within each nucleus there are chromosomes-- chromosomes store…
Genotype
Genetic information that influences our characteristics.
36 terms
Psychology 215- Chapter 8
Initiative v. Guilt
Self-Concept
Self-esteem
Emotional Competence
Ages 3-5-- Kids develop a new sense of purposefulness and wan…
Set of attributes, abilities, attitudes, and values that an i…
The judgments we make about our own worth-- it is based on co…
Occurs between the ages of 2 and 6-- children are becoming mo…
Initiative v. Guilt
Ages 3-5-- Kids develop a new sense of purposefulness and wan…
Self-Concept
Set of attributes, abilities, attitudes, and values that an i…
17 terms
Psychology 215- Chapter 10
Industry v. Inferiority
Attribution
Internal Attribution
External Attribution
5-12 years old-- teachers and peers play a major role-- child…
How we explain our actions
"I earned an A" -- when something good happens, we internaliz…
"She gave me a C" -- when something bad happens, we externali…
Industry v. Inferiority
5-12 years old-- teachers and peers play a major role-- child…
Attribution
How we explain our actions
51 terms
Psychology 215: Chapter 3
Ovaries
Fallopian Tubes
Corpus Luteum
Testes
Two walnut shaped organs located deep inside a woman's abdome…
Long thin structured tubes that lead to the uterus.
Secretes hormones that prepare the lining of the uterus to re…
Where the male produces sperm in vast number (about 300 milli…
Ovaries
Two walnut shaped organs located deep inside a woman's abdome…
Fallopian Tubes
Long thin structured tubes that lead to the uterus.
70 terms
PSYC 215 - SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
social psychology
dispositions
fundamental attribution error
channel factors
scientific study of the feelings, thoughts, and behaviours of…
beliefs, values, personality traits, and abilities that guide…
failure to recognise importance of situational influences on…
situational circumstances that appear unimportant on the surf…
social psychology
scientific study of the feelings, thoughts, and behaviours of…
dispositions
beliefs, values, personality traits, and abilities that guide…
13 terms
Psychology 215-227
Behaviorism
UR (In classical conditioning)
US (In classical conditioning)
CR (In classical conditioning)
A view of psychology that was created by Ivan Pavlov and John…
- Named "Unconditioned Response" by Pavlov... - After presenting…
- Called by Pavlov as " Unconditioned Stimulus"... -The stimulus…
- "Conditioned Response"... - When after presenting a relationsh…
Behaviorism
A view of psychology that was created by Ivan Pavlov and John…
UR (In classical conditioning)
- Named "Unconditioned Response" by Pavlov... - After presenting…
86 terms
AP Psychology 215-235
Adaptability
Learning
Association
Habituation
Capacity to learn new behaviors that help us cope with changi…
Relatively permanent change in an organisms behavior due to e…
What lovke and hume decided we learn by
Annorganisms decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated…
Adaptability
Capacity to learn new behaviors that help us cope with changi…
Learning
Relatively permanent change in an organisms behavior due to e…
28 terms
Psychology 215 - Research Methods
Four ways of knowing
Experience
Intuition
Forms of research-based information
Experience, authority, intuition, and research
Has no comparison groups and usually has confounds
Biased by faulty thinking and motives
Empirical journal articles, review journal articles, books, a…
Four ways of knowing
Experience, authority, intuition, and research
Experience
Has no comparison groups and usually has confounds
62 terms
Psychology 215 exam 1
Plato
Aristotle
Cartesian dualism
Scientific view of human mind
All knowledge is inborn (nature)
All knowledge is acquired through experience (nurture)
Mind- body dualism
Mind can be studied by applying scientific method. Influence…
Plato
All knowledge is inborn (nature)
Aristotle
All knowledge is acquired through experience (nurture)
56 terms
Psychology 215 Exam 3
Prefrontal Structures
Temporal Structures
Sensory Memory
Iconic Memory
Process and elaborate information for the creation of new mem…
(Hippocampus). Responsible for the permanent storage of new m…
Registers information about the environment and holds it for…
Visual sensory memory.
Prefrontal Structures
Process and elaborate information for the creation of new mem…
Temporal Structures
(Hippocampus). Responsible for the permanent storage of new m…
61 terms
Psychology 215: Chapter 1
Developmental Science
Theory
Continuous Development
Discontinuous Development
A field of study devoted to understanding constancy and chang…
Orderly, integrated set of statements that describes, explain…
A process of gradually augmenting the same types of skills yo…
A process in which new ways of understanding and responding t…
Developmental Science
A field of study devoted to understanding constancy and chang…
Theory
Orderly, integrated set of statements that describes, explain…
82 terms
Psychology 215 Exam 3
Visual Imagery
Mental Imagery
Imageless Thought Debate
Paired Associate Learning
a type of mental imagery involving vision, in which an image…
experiencing a sensory impression the absence of sensory input
the debate about whether thought is possible in the absence o…
a learning task in which participants are first presented wit…
Visual Imagery
a type of mental imagery involving vision, in which an image…
Mental Imagery
experiencing a sensory impression the absence of sensory input
58 terms
psychology 215 Exam 2
reliability in regard to measure of be…
test and retest
internal consistency
interrater reliability
consistency and stability
administer the measure in the same subject at two points in t…
the assessment of reliability across multiple measures of the…
can evaluate the reliability of ratings between two observers
reliability in regard to measure of be…
consistency and stability
test and retest
administer the measure in the same subject at two points in t…
36 terms
Psychology 215 - Dinal
Types of commitment
Interdependence Theory
Why is Interdependence Theory Important
CL - vs - CLalt
...
People join together only insofar as they believe and subsequ…
...
Satisfying/Stable - Outcomes>CL x CLalt... Satisfying/Unstable…
Types of commitment
...
Interdependence Theory
People join together only insofar as they believe and subsequ…
55 terms
BUS215 Occupational Psychology
Change in Organizations
Model of Planned Change
Change Management
Factors that Enable Successful Change…
-Reactive Change... -Strategic Change... -Operational Change
Kurt Lewin, Weick & Quinn methods... (see notes)
6 ways of overcoming resistance to organizational change:... 1.…
-Engage in real dialogue, not one way communication... -Understa…
Change in Organizations
-Reactive Change... -Strategic Change... -Operational Change
Model of Planned Change
Kurt Lewin, Weick & Quinn methods... (see notes)
38 terms
Abnormal Psychology 215
Acute stress disorder
Adjustment disorder
Agoraphobia
Attention-deficit/Hyperactive Disorder
Trauma and stress-related disorder
Trauma and stress-related disorder
Anxiety Disorder
Neurodevelopmental disorder
Acute stress disorder
Trauma and stress-related disorder
Adjustment disorder
Trauma and stress-related disorder
33 terms
Abnormal Psychology 215
Anti-psychotics/Neuroleptics:
Antidepressants:
Anti-anxiety:
Anti-manic/Anti-convulsive:
Drugs that are use to treat schizophrenia or other psychotic…
Drugs used to treat depression that affects the availability…
Also called anxiolytics, drugs that combat anxiety to reduce…
Lithium carbonate, a salt of the metal lithium in tablet form…
Anti-psychotics/Neuroleptics:
Drugs that are use to treat schizophrenia or other psychotic…
Antidepressants:
Drugs used to treat depression that affects the availability…
135 terms
Psychology 215 Exam 1
Cognitive Psychology
The Mind
Cognition
Franciscus Donders
the branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study…
this creates and controls mental functions, and is a system t…
the mental processes such as perception, attention, and memory
a Dutch psychologist who conducted one of the first cognitive…
Cognitive Psychology
the branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study…
The Mind
this creates and controls mental functions, and is a system t…
228 terms
Psychology 215 Exam
Developmental Theory involves which tw…
Jean Piaget's Theory
Erikson's Theory
Piaget says that growth is a process t…
Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson... Focuses on Experience with the p…
Alternating multiple perspective. Must solve problems through…
Life Stages. Personality development is continuous throughout…
Assimilating and Accomodating... The which glass has more fluid?…
Developmental Theory involves which tw…
Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson... Focuses on Experience with the p…
Jean Piaget's Theory
Alternating multiple perspective. Must solve problems through…
60 terms
Psychology 215 Exam 2
Modal Model of Memory
Control Processes
Sensory Memory
Persistence of Vision
model proposed by Atkinson and Shiffrin that describes memory…
in the modal model of memory, active processes that can be co…
a brief stage of memory that holds information for seconds or…
the continued perception of light for a fraction of a second…
Modal Model of Memory
model proposed by Atkinson and Shiffrin that describes memory…
Control Processes
in the modal model of memory, active processes that can be co…
40 terms
Psychology 215 exam 3
Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM)
2 different memory metaphors
Record keeping metaphor
Constructionist metaphor
-Paradigm invented by Deese in 1959... -repopularized by Roedige…
-Record keeping ... -Constructionist
-searching a storehouse for records... -finding a record is like…
-recollection is a process of reconstruction... -the past is rec…
Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM)
-Paradigm invented by Deese in 1959... -repopularized by Roedige…
2 different memory metaphors
-Record keeping ... -Constructionist
75 terms
Psychology 215 Exam 4
The illusion of the expert
Lack of awareness examples
Consequences of the complexity of lang…
Speech perception
experts underestimate the complexity of tasks that they do ea…
-pitch change at end of question... -"i have a jacket with green…
-makes life tough on learners... -it's hard to tell a machine ho…
-morphemes: meaning units of language... -phoneme: smallest sign…
The illusion of the expert
experts underestimate the complexity of tasks that they do ea…
Lack of awareness examples
-pitch change at end of question... -"i have a jacket with green…
47 terms
Psychology 215 test #2
Strabismus
Amblyopla
Kinetic Cues
The Externality Effect
cross-eyed, eyes not focused
Lazy eye, eye isn't coordinated. "gives up" Pruning between "…
Cues from movement that explain objects working together or s…
Babies spend a lot of time observing the outside/ borders of…
Strabismus
cross-eyed, eyes not focused
Amblyopla
Lazy eye, eye isn't coordinated. "gives up" Pruning between "…
28 terms
Psychology 215 Ch. 1 terms
Developmental Science
Applied
Interdisciplinary
Theory
A field of study devoted to understanding constancy and chang…
Practical
Our large storehouse of information about development is ____…
An orderly, integrated set of statements that describes, expl…
Developmental Science
A field of study devoted to understanding constancy and chang…
Applied
Practical
55 terms
Psychology reading p. 215-235
adaptability
association
learning
conditioning
our capacity to learn new behaviors that help us cope with ch…
when our minds naturally connect events that occur in a seque…
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
the process of learning associations
adaptability
our capacity to learn new behaviors that help us cope with ch…
association
when our minds naturally connect events that occur in a seque…
28 terms
Myers AP Psychology 215-227
Adaptability
Learning
We learn by ASSOCIATION which is
Habituation
Our capactiy to learn new behaviors that help us cope with ch…
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Our minds naturally connect events that occur in sequence. Ex…
An organisms decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated…
Adaptability
Our capactiy to learn new behaviors that help us cope with ch…
Learning
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
146 terms
PSYC 215 - Social Psychology: Terms
Fundamental attribution errors
Construal
Declarative knowledge
Procedural knowledge
tendency to overemphasize the importance of dispositional fac…
people's interpretation and inference with situation & stimul…
knowing that - relates to schemas and construals
knowing how - rules, skills and habits
Fundamental attribution errors
tendency to overemphasize the importance of dispositional fac…
Construal
people's interpretation and inference with situation & stimul…
24 terms
AP Psychology 215-230 Vocab
learning
habituation
associative learning
classical conditioning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
an organisms's decreasing response to a stimulus with repeate…
learning the certain events occur together; the events may be…
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
habituation
an organisms's decreasing response to a stimulus with repeate…
PSYC 215 - Social Psychology: Studies
Kruglanski & Freund 1983... Motivated rea…
Ford & Kruglanski 1995... Motivated reaso…
Chaiken 1980... Motivated reasoning and d…
Erber & Fiske 1984... Motivated reasoning…
Student teachers in Israel graded 8th graders' story ... 1st IV:…
Individual differences based on closure scales... Primed w/ "rec…
Speech about changing the system of UofT... 1st IV: only 1 argum…
When do plp pay attention to schema-inconsistent information…
Kruglanski & Freund 1983... Motivated rea…
Student teachers in Israel graded 8th graders' story ... 1st IV:…
Ford & Kruglanski 1995... Motivated reaso…
Individual differences based on closure scales... Primed w/ "rec…
Psychology 215 Midterm Review Part
attitude
role
food-in-the-door phenomenon
lowball technique
a belief and feeling that can predispose our response to some…
a set of norms that defines how people in a given social posi…
the tendency for people who have first agreed to a small requ…
getting a commitment from a person and then raising the cost…
attitude
a belief and feeling that can predispose our response to some…
role
a set of norms that defines how people in a given social posi…
156 terms
PSYC 215 - Social Psychology Midterm
social psychology
dispositions
fundamental attribution error
channel factors
the scientific study of the feelings, thoughts, and behaviors…
internal factors, such as beliefs, values, personality traits…
the failure to recognize the importance of situational influe…
situational circumstances that appear unimportant on the surf…
social psychology
the scientific study of the feelings, thoughts, and behaviors…
dispositions
internal factors, such as beliefs, values, personality traits…
59 terms
Psychology of Personality 215 Exam 1
psychological triad
personality
Basic approach/paradigm
Trait Approach
how people feel, think and behave
an individual's characteristic patterns of thought, emotion,…
A type of systematic, self-imposed limitation that allows one…
A type of paradigm of research that focuses on the ways that…
psychological triad
how people feel, think and behave
personality
an individual's characteristic patterns of thought, emotion,…
75 terms
PSYC 215: Social Psychology Midterm
Implications of Stanford Prison Experi…
Milgram Experiment
Results of Milgram Experiment
Conclusion of Milgram Experiment
Fundamental Attribution Error
Teacher/Learner electric shock study
62.5% of participants gave up to 450V
Situation was effective in getting them to do something they…
Implications of Stanford Prison Experi…
Fundamental Attribution Error
Milgram Experiment
Teacher/Learner electric shock study
79 terms
Psychology 215: Childhood Development Final
Nature
Nurture
What are the two kinds of changes in d…
Quantitative change
Hereditary information (DNA) given to us by our parents at th…
Environment, both physical and social that influence our biol…
Quantitative and qualitative.
The change in amount of a variable. Example: height, weight,…
Nature
Hereditary information (DNA) given to us by our parents at th…
Nurture
Environment, both physical and social that influence our biol…
13 terms
PSYC 215 - Social Psychology: Chapter 6
Emotion
Appraisal Process
Emotion accent
Focal emotion
A brief, specific response, both psychological and physiologi…
A component of emotion; patterns of construal for evaluating…
A specific way people from different cultures express a parti…
An emotion that is especially common within a particular cult…
Emotion
A brief, specific response, both psychological and physiologi…
Appraisal Process
A component of emotion; patterns of construal for evaluating…
16 terms
PSYC 215 - Social Psychology: Chapter 5
Attribution theory
Casual attribution
Explanatory style
Covariation Principle
A set of concepts explaining how people assign causes to the…
Linking an event to a cause, such as inferring that a persona…
A person's habitual way of explaining events, typically asses…
The idea that behaviour should be attributed to potential cau…
Attribution theory
A set of concepts explaining how people assign causes to the…
Casual attribution
Linking an event to a cause, such as inferring that a persona…
112 terms
PSYC 215: Social Psychology Midterm
fundamental attribution error
construal
schema
automatic processing
-the tendency to attribute to behaviour to internal causes, r…
an interpretation of the stimuli or situations people confront
a knowledge structure consisting of an organized body of stor…
automatic, involuntary, and unconscious thinking that is base…
fundamental attribution error
-the tendency to attribute to behaviour to internal causes, r…
construal
an interpretation of the stimuli or situations people confront
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