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Study sets matching "psychology 2301"

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Study sets matching "psychology 2301"

102 terms
Psychology 2301
What is psychology
What is the goal of psycology
Aristotle (384-322 BCE)
Plato (427-347 BCE)
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Describe... Explain... Predict... Control the events it studies... Behavi…
Wrote "About the Psyche": topics such as personality, sensati…
-Recorded Socrates' advice to "Know Thyself"- a motto of psyc…
What is psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
What is the goal of psycology
Describe... Explain... Predict... Control the events it studies... Behavi…
102 terms
Psychology 2301
What is psychology
What is the goal of psycology
Aristotle (384-322 BCE)
Plato (427-347 BCE)
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Describe... Explain... Predict... Control the events it studies... Behavi…
Wrote "About the Psyche": topics such as personality, sensati…
-Recorded Socrates' advice to "Know Thyself"- a motto of psyc…
What is psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
What is the goal of psycology
Describe... Explain... Predict... Control the events it studies... Behavi…
465 terms
Psychology 2301
Edward Titchener was concerned primari…
The early school of psychology that us…
Who was the functionalist who authored…
Compared with the structuralists, earl…
Sensory Experiences
Structuralism
William James
Thinking
Edward Titchener was concerned primari…
Sensory Experiences
The early school of psychology that us…
Structuralism
Psychology 2301
Psychology
Theory
Pure/ applied research
Structuralism
The scientific study of behavior and mental process
Allow one to propose reasons for relationships among events,…
Pure- research conducted without concern for immediate applic…
The school of psychology that argues that the mind consist of…
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental process
Theory
Allow one to propose reasons for relationships among events,…
402 terms
Psychology 2301
Edward Titchener was concerned primari…
The early school of psychology that us…
Who was the functionalist who authored…
Compared with the structuralists, earl…
Sensory Experiences
Structuralism
William James
Thinking
Edward Titchener was concerned primari…
Sensory Experiences
The early school of psychology that us…
Structuralism
28 terms
Psychology 2301
Who has the lowest incidence of major…
What activities benefit the maintenanc…
-memory without conscious recollection…
is memory of facts and experiences tha…
older adults
reading, cross word puzzles , going to lectures and concerts
implicit memory
explicit memory
Who has the lowest incidence of major…
older adults
What activities benefit the maintenanc…
reading, cross word puzzles , going to lectures and concerts
Psychology 2301
confirmatory bias
Self-fulfilling Bias
The actor-observer bias:
The halo effect
We see what we "want" to see.... The confirmatory bias says that…
People will act like you "want" them to
hen explaining other people's behaviors we are more likely to…
concerns our tendency to assume that someone has many ... good t…
confirmatory bias
We see what we "want" to see.... The confirmatory bias says that…
Self-fulfilling Bias
People will act like you "want" them to
13 terms
Psychology 2301
Metal Processes
Levels of explanation if psychology.
School of psychology
Humanistic Psychology
Including... -Reasoning... -Memory... -Learning... -Emotions
Psychologist understand behavior at different levels. ... -lower…
1)Structuralism 2)Behaviorism 2)Psychodynamic 4)Humanistic 5)…
Key Concepts:... -Altruism [self sacrifice]... -Free Will... -Self Con…
Metal Processes
Including... -Reasoning... -Memory... -Learning... -Emotions
Levels of explanation if psychology.
Psychologist understand behavior at different levels. ... -lower…
9 terms
Psychology 2301
Which of the following is NOT an empir…
A correlation coefficient shows that a…
Vido has a master's degree and is inte…
While Margaret Floy Washburn may have…
D
B
D
B
Which of the following is NOT an empir…
D
A correlation coefficient shows that a…
B
25 terms
Psychology 2301
Replication
Operational definition
Independent variable (treatment variab…
Dependent variable (outcome variable)
Repeat and duplicate a scientific study to increase confidenc…
A precise description of how the variables in a study will be…
The manipulated factor that produce change in an experiment
Factor that is observed and measured for change in an experim…
Replication
Repeat and duplicate a scientific study to increase confidenc…
Operational definition
A precise description of how the variables in a study will be…
6 terms
Psychology 2301
Chemical bonding
formula
Ionic bond
Ionic compound
The joining of atoms to form new substances
An equation that calculates a new value from values currently…
A chemical bond resulting from the attraction between opposit…
A compound that consists of positive and negative ions
Chemical bonding
The joining of atoms to form new substances
formula
An equation that calculates a new value from values currently…
10 terms
Psychology 2301
Rem sleep
Sleep disorders
Freud's psychoactive approach
Manifest
(Rapid eye movement) When you dream. The body experiences sle…
Sleep apnea-shortness of breath ... Insomnia-can't fall asleep... N…
Manifest and latent
When you remember what happened
Rem sleep
(Rapid eye movement) When you dream. The body experiences sle…
Sleep disorders
Sleep apnea-shortness of breath ... Insomnia-can't fall asleep... N…
17 terms
Psychology 2301
Learning
Classical conditioning
Reflex
Unconditioned stimulus
A relatively permanent chnage in behavior, capability, or att…
Learn that there is an association b/t one stimulus and another
An involuntary response to a ceraton stimulus
Something that would naturally produce a reflexive respond wi…
Learning
A relatively permanent chnage in behavior, capability, or att…
Classical conditioning
Learn that there is an association b/t one stimulus and another
36 terms
Psychology 2301
personality
trait
define temperment; give examples
diathesis
a relatively stable pattern of thoughts, feelings, and behavi…
a single characteristic that generally lends itself well to q…
a presumed physiological disposition to respond to the enviro…
genetic, predisposition (scale of 1 to 99)
personality
a relatively stable pattern of thoughts, feelings, and behavi…
trait
a single characteristic that generally lends itself well to q…
60 terms
Psychology 2301
Psychopathology
Psychological Disorder
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of M…
Insanity
scientific study of origins, symptoms, and development of psy…
pattern of behavioral and psychological symptoms that causes…
used to describe/classify abnormal behaviors, developed by Am…
the legal (not clinical) designation for the individual judge…
Psychopathology
scientific study of origins, symptoms, and development of psy…
Psychological Disorder
pattern of behavioral and psychological symptoms that causes…
56 terms
Psychology 2301
psychology
Biological psychology
Behaviorism
Psychoanalysis ( Psycho dynamic)
the scientific sti... udy of behavior and mental processes
which is a focus on the body, especially the brain and the ne…
an approach to psychology emphasizing the scientific study of…
emphasize unconscious thought, the conflict between biologica…
psychology
the scientific sti... udy of behavior and mental processes
Biological psychology
which is a focus on the body, especially the brain and the ne…
47 terms
Psychology 2301; Chapter 6(learning)
Learning
Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
Unconditioned Stimulus(US)
Relatively permanent change in behavior or mental processes…
Process of learning associations between stimuli and behavi…
Learning through involuntary paired associations; it occurs…
A stimulus that elicits an unconditioned response(UR) without…
Learning
Relatively permanent change in behavior or mental processes…
Conditioning
Process of learning associations between stimuli and behavi…
Psychology 2301
1. What is the difference between a na…
2. Discuss the use of introspection in…
3. Discuss how the Functionalist, Gest…
4. Discuss Gall's theory of phrenology…
•Nativist: certain kinds of knowledge are innate, or somethin…
...
Functionalist approach: sees that consciousness was like a fl…
Theory that specific mental abilities and characteristics, ra…
1. What is the difference between a na…
•Nativist: certain kinds of knowledge are innate, or somethin…
2. Discuss the use of introspection in…
...
17 terms
Psychology 2301
What does it mean that science include…
Basic Research
Applied Research
What are the six steps of the scientif…
...
Research that tests fundamental theories
How can we apply into, to make helpful and useful
1) develop a question based on theory... 2) form a hypothesis... 3)…
What does it mean that science include…
...
Basic Research
Research that tests fundamental theories
25 terms
Psychology-2301: Chapter 4
developmental psychology
infantile amnesia
maturation
stags of motor develpment (tied to mat…
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
memories usually don't predate age 3.
biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in be…
- (2-weeks old) lifting head... - (3 months) rolling over... - (5 1…
developmental psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
infantile amnesia
memories usually don't predate age 3.
25 terms
psychology 2301 chapter 4
consciousness
structuralists view of consciousness
functionalists view of consciousness
behaviorists view of consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
break it down to figure out details
why do we have emotions. what are we aware of
didnt care
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
structuralists view of consciousness
break it down to figure out details
43 terms
Psychology-2301: Chapter 6
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, e…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works to…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
perception
process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, e…
100 terms
Psychology2301 Exam 2
Sensation
Transduction
Absolute Treshold
Subliminal Perception
simple stimulation of a sense organ
when many sensors in the body convert physical signals from t…
the minimal intensity needed to just barely detect a stimulus…
thought or behavior is influenced by stimuli that a person ca…
Sensation
simple stimulation of a sense organ
Transduction
when many sensors in the body convert physical signals from t…
Psychology 2301 Chapter 1
Biological Psychology
Evolutionary Psychology
Psychology
Cognitive Psychology
focuses on relationships between mind and behavior, and their…
investigates how physical structure and behavior have been sh…
study of the mind
investigates information processing, thinking, reasoning, and…
Biological Psychology
focuses on relationships between mind and behavior, and their…
Evolutionary Psychology
investigates how physical structure and behavior have been sh…
45 terms
Psychology 2301 Chapter 11
In psychology, the term personality re…
Personality theories:
Early in his medical career, Freud inv…
Which definition reflects Freud's view…
an individual's unique and relatively consistent patterns of…
attempt to explain how and why people are similar and differe…
cocaine.
the irrational component of personality that seeks immediate…
In psychology, the term personality re…
an individual's unique and relatively consistent patterns of…
Personality theories:
attempt to explain how and why people are similar and differe…
134 terms
Psychology 2301 Final Exam
What is psychology?
Psychoanalytic Approach/Psychoanalysis
Behavioral Approach/Behaviorism
Humanistic Approach
The study of behavior and mental processes.... >Parents: Philoso…
School of thought that emphasizes dreams, childhood memories,…
School of thought that emphasizes the study of observable beh…
School of thought that emphasizes an individual's self-concep…
What is psychology?
The study of behavior and mental processes.... >Parents: Philoso…
Psychoanalytic Approach/Psychoanalysis
School of thought that emphasizes dreams, childhood memories,…
58 terms
Psychology 2301 Chapter 3
Sensation
Perception
transduction
Data base processing
the process by which sensory organs in the eyes, ears, nose,…
the organization and interpretation of sensory stimuli by the…
the process of transforming stimuli into neural signals
taking basic sensory info about incoming stimuli and processi…
Sensation
the process by which sensory organs in the eyes, ears, nose,…
Perception
the organization and interpretation of sensory stimuli by the…
136 terms
Psychology 2301 Summer 2015
psychology
mental process
behavior
philosophical developments
scientific study of mental processes and behavior
private inner experiences
observable actions
interactive dualism; the mind and body interact to produce co…
psychology
scientific study of mental processes and behavior
mental process
private inner experiences
43 terms
Psychology 2301 Final Exam
Psychological Disorders
DSM-V
Prevalence of Mental Disorders
Biological
Mental processes and/ or behavior patterns that cause emotion…
Diagnostic Manual of Mental Disorders... Used to classify and di…
Very prevalent 50% of US citizens diagnosed with a mental dis…
Psychological disorders caused by brain abnormality , genetic…
Psychological Disorders
Mental processes and/ or behavior patterns that cause emotion…
DSM-V
Diagnostic Manual of Mental Disorders... Used to classify and di…
Psychology 2301 Chapter 4
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Axon
Dendrite
this study helps to explain how biological structures affect…
a cell of the nervous system that is specialized for sending…
the branch of a neuron that is usually responsible for transm…
a branch from the neural cell body that usually receives inpu…
Biological Psychology
this study helps to explain how biological structures affect…
Neuron
a cell of the nervous system that is specialized for sending…
107 terms
Psychology 2301 exam 3
what are the 3 memory processes
encoding
storage
retrieval
encoding... storage... retrieval
process of transforming what we perceive, think, or feel into…
the process of maintaining information in memory over time
the process of bringing to mind information that has been pre…
what are the 3 memory processes
encoding... storage... retrieval
encoding
process of transforming what we perceive, think, or feel into…
25 terms
Psychology 2301 Chapter 5
How can learning be best defined?
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Observational Learning
A relatively enduring change in behavior or thinking that res…
Learning process in which two stimuli become associated with…
Learning that occurs when voluntary actions become associated…
Learned by watching/ intimating others ... Researcher Responsible?
How can learning be best defined?
A relatively enduring change in behavior or thinking that res…
Classical Conditioning
Learning process in which two stimuli become associated with…
21 terms
Psychology 2301 Chap 9
How many Chromosomes does a zygote con…
What are 3 Prenatal development stages
Prenatal Development stage 1 Germinal
Prenatal Development stage 2 Embryonic
46-23 from each parent
Germinal, Embryonic, Fetal
Weeks 1 and 2 beginning with conception
Weeks 3 through 8 including the 1st trimester
How many Chromosomes does a zygote con…
46-23 from each parent
What are 3 Prenatal development stages
Germinal, Embryonic, Fetal
61 terms
Psychology 2301 Chapter 2
Neuroscience
Biological psychology
Neurons
Cell Body
the study of the brain and nervous system
the branch of psychology that focuses on how the brain and ot…
the building blocks of the nervous system that transmit elect…
the region of the neuron that includes a nucleus containing D…
Neuroscience
the study of the brain and nervous system
Biological psychology
the branch of psychology that focuses on how the brain and ot…
26 terms
Psychology 2301 Exam 4
Social Psychology
attribution theory
foor in the door phenomenon
role
Study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one ano…
tendency to give a cause or explanation for others' behavior
tendency for those who first agree to a small request to late…
set of expectations about a social position
Social Psychology
Study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one ano…
attribution theory
tendency to give a cause or explanation for others' behavior
41 terms
Psychology 2301 - Test 3
Attachment
Fluid Intelligence
Crystalized Intelligence
Conservation
the strong affectionate bond a child forms with the mother of…
aspects of intelligence involving abstract reasoning and ment…
aspects of intelligence involving verbal ability and accumula…
concept that a given quantity of matter remains the same desp…
Attachment
the strong affectionate bond a child forms with the mother of…
Fluid Intelligence
aspects of intelligence involving abstract reasoning and ment…
18 terms
Psychology 2301 Chapter 3
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
Data-based processing
the process by which sensory organs in the eyes, ears, nose,…
the organization and interpretation of sensory stimuli by the…
the process of transforming stimuli into neural signals... (sens…
{how the brain takes basic sensory information and processes…
Sensation
the process by which sensory organs in the eyes, ears, nose,…
Perception
the organization and interpretation of sensory stimuli by the…
32 terms
Psychology 2301 Ch 4
Sensation
Perception
Difference Threshold (AKA Weber's Law…
Absolute Threshold
process of detecting, converting and transmitting raw sensory…
process of selecting, organizing, and interpreting sensory in…
minimal difference in stimulus strength that is detectable 50…
minimum stimulation needed to consciously detect stimulus 50%…
Sensation
process of detecting, converting and transmitting raw sensory…
Perception
process of selecting, organizing, and interpreting sensory in…
9 terms
Psychology-2301: Chapter 5
birth (sex)
gender identity
transgender
social learning theory
refers to the biological and physiological characteristics th…
a person's sense of being male or female
birth sex differs from gender identity
we learn social behavior through observation, imitation, and…
birth (sex)
refers to the biological and physiological characteristics th…
gender identity
a person's sense of being male or female
19 terms
Psychology 2301 Ch 5,
classical conditioning
Ivan Pavol
UCS
UCR
a simple form of associative learning in which organisms come…
Russian physiologist who was originally studying the digestiv…
a stimulus that elicits a response from an organism prior to…
an unlearned response to an unconditioned stimulus
classical conditioning
a simple form of associative learning in which organisms come…
Ivan Pavol
Russian physiologist who was originally studying the digestiv…
16 terms
Psychology 2301 Ch 6
semantic memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
general knowledge;
transforming information into psychological formulas that an…
maintaining information over time
locating stored information and returning it to consciousness
semantic memory
general knowledge;
encoding
transforming information into psychological formulas that an…
47 terms
psychology 2301 chapter 5
learning
habituation
stimulus
classical conditioning
enduring change in behavior or thinking that results from exp…
An organism's decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated…
something that causes a response
ivan pavlov. ... process in which an originally neutral stimulu…
learning
enduring change in behavior or thinking that results from exp…
habituation
An organism's decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated…
27 terms
psychology 2301 chapter 3
transduction
data-based processing
knowledge based processing
webers law
signals transform into neural impulses
describes how the brain takes basic sensory information and p…
processing based on an individual's previous experience or kn…
thresholds are determined by ratios, not absolute numbers ... Ju…
transduction
signals transform into neural impulses
data-based processing
describes how the brain takes basic sensory information and p…
244 terms
Psychology 2301 Final Review
Define Psychology
What is Scientific Method?
What is Biological Psychology?
What is Behaviorism?
The scientific study of behavior and mental process.
Observing some phenom, formulating hypothesis and predictions…
An approach to psychology focusing on the body, especially th…
Psychological behaviorism is a form of behaviorism a major th…
Define Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental process.
What is Scientific Method?
Observing some phenom, formulating hypothesis and predictions…
101 terms
psychology 2301 mid-term
Pavlov's Dogs
Little Albert
Bobo Doll
Unconditioned Stimulus (US)
-Spent 1890s studying the digestive system of dogs. -Won Nobe…
- Was an 11-month old baby who developed fear of rats through…
- Albert Bandura... - Bandura and his colleagues revealed the sp…
a stimulus that naturally triggers a response; Example: food
Pavlov's Dogs
-Spent 1890s studying the digestive system of dogs. -Won Nobe…
Little Albert
- Was an 11-month old baby who developed fear of rats through…
36 terms
Psychology 2301- Intro to Psychology
What is psychology?
What is philosophy?
What is physiology?
What is structuralism?
the scientific study of the mind and behavior
the love of wisdom-the questions
the study of the vital functions and systems of the body
understanding the conscious experience through introspection
What is psychology?
the scientific study of the mind and behavior
What is philosophy?
the love of wisdom-the questions
15 terms
Psychology 2301 ch 8
incentive
drives
primary drives
drive reduction theory
a thing that motivates or encourages one to do something
an innate, biologically determined urge to attain a goal or s…
active behavior; hunger, thirst, pain
idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension sta…
incentive
a thing that motivates or encourages one to do something
drives
an innate, biologically determined urge to attain a goal or s…
45 terms
psychology 2301 chapter 2
excitatory signal
inhibitory signal
neurotransmitter
receptor sites
increases chance that neuron will fire (glutamate)
decreases chance that neuron will fire (gaba)
chemical messengers that neurons use to communicate at the sy…
location where neurotransmitters attach on the receiving side…
excitatory signal
increases chance that neuron will fire (glutamate)
inhibitory signal
decreases chance that neuron will fire (gaba)
45 terms
Psychology 2301 Chapter 1
Psychology is formally defined as:
French philosopher René Descartes:
Wilhelm Wundt:
Wilhelm Wundt defined psychology as:
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
promoted a doctrine called interactive dualism
was a German physiologist
the study of consciousness
Psychology is formally defined as:
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
French philosopher René Descartes:
promoted a doctrine called interactive dualism
15 terms
Psychology 2301 (Ch 11)
Oral Stage
Anal Stage
Phallic Stage
Latency Stage
0-18 months
18-36 months
3-6 years
6 years - puberty
Oral Stage
0-18 months
Anal Stage
18-36 months
1 of 10