Study sets matching "psychology 2301"

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Study sets matching "psychology 2301"

102 terms
Psychology 2301
What is psychology
What is the goal of psycology
Aristotle (384-322 BCE)
Plato (427-347 BCE)
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Describe... Explain... Predict... Control the events it studies... Behavi…
Wrote "About the Psyche": topics such as personality, sensati…
-Recorded Socrates' advice to "Know Thyself"- a motto of psyc…
What is psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
What is the goal of psycology
Describe... Explain... Predict... Control the events it studies... Behavi…
102 terms
Psychology 2301
What is psychology
What is the goal of psycology
Aristotle (384-322 BCE)
Plato (427-347 BCE)
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Describe... Explain... Predict... Control the events it studies... Behavi…
Wrote "About the Psyche": topics such as personality, sensati…
-Recorded Socrates' advice to "Know Thyself"- a motto of psyc…
What is psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
What is the goal of psycology
Describe... Explain... Predict... Control the events it studies... Behavi…
58 terms
Psychology 2301
Comorbidity
Panic disorder
Phobia
GAD/ Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Occurence of two or more disorders at the same time
Sudden, extreme fear or discomfort that escalates quickly, of…
Fear of particular situations... EX: Fear of features of the nat…
Seems to be more prevalent among women. Physical manifestatio…
Comorbidity
Occurence of two or more disorders at the same time
Panic disorder
Sudden, extreme fear or discomfort that escalates quickly, of…
Psychology 2301
Psychology
Theory
Pure/ applied research
Structuralism
The scientific study of behavior and mental process
Allow one to propose reasons for relationships among events,…
Pure- research conducted without concern for immediate applic…
The school of psychology that argues that the mind consist of…
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental process
Theory
Allow one to propose reasons for relationships among events,…
28 terms
Psychology 2301
Who has the lowest incidence of major…
What activities benefit the maintenanc…
-memory without conscious recollection…
is memory of facts and experiences tha…
older adults
reading, cross word puzzles , going to lectures and concerts
implicit memory
explicit memory
Who has the lowest incidence of major…
older adults
What activities benefit the maintenanc…
reading, cross word puzzles , going to lectures and concerts
Psychology 2301
confirmatory bias
Self-fulfilling Bias
The actor-observer bias:
The halo effect
We see what we "want" to see.... The confirmatory bias says that…
People will act like you "want" them to
hen explaining other people's behaviors we are more likely to…
concerns our tendency to assume that someone has many ... good t…
confirmatory bias
We see what we "want" to see.... The confirmatory bias says that…
Self-fulfilling Bias
People will act like you "want" them to
402 terms
Psychology 2301
Edward Titchener was concerned primari…
The early school of psychology that us…
Who was the functionalist who authored…
Compared with the structuralists, earl…
Sensory Experiences
Structuralism
William James
Thinking
Edward Titchener was concerned primari…
Sensory Experiences
The early school of psychology that us…
Structuralism
Psychology 2301
Chemical bonding
formula
Ionic bond
Ionic compound
The joining of atoms to form new substances
An equation that calculates a new value from values currently…
A chemical bond resulting from the attraction between opposit…
A compound that consists of positive and negative ions
Chemical bonding
The joining of atoms to form new substances
formula
An equation that calculates a new value from values currently…
Psychology 2301*
Psychological Theory
Hypothesis
Replication
SQ3R
A General Principal or Set of Principals proposed to Explain…
A specific prediction that can be tested empirically with data.
The process of repeating a study to verify research findings.
Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Review
Psychological Theory
A General Principal or Set of Principals proposed to Explain…
Hypothesis
A specific prediction that can be tested empirically with data.
17 terms
Psychology 2301
Learning
Classical conditioning
Reflex
Unconditioned stimulus
A relatively permanent chnage in behavior, capability, or att…
Learn that there is an association b/t one stimulus and another
An involuntary response to a ceraton stimulus
Something that would naturally produce a reflexive respond wi…
Learning
A relatively permanent chnage in behavior, capability, or att…
Classical conditioning
Learn that there is an association b/t one stimulus and another
56 terms
Psychology 2301
psychology
Biological psychology
Behaviorism
Psychoanalysis ( Psycho dynamic)
the scientific sti... udy of behavior and mental processes
which is a focus on the body, especially the brain and the ne…
an approach to psychology emphasizing the scientific study of…
emphasize unconscious thought, the conflict between biologica…
psychology
the scientific sti... udy of behavior and mental processes
Biological psychology
which is a focus on the body, especially the brain and the ne…
10 terms
Psychology 2301
Rem sleep
Sleep disorders
Freud's psychoactive approach
Manifest
(Rapid eye movement) When you dream. The body experiences sle…
Sleep apnea-shortness of breath ... Insomnia-can't fall asleep... N…
Manifest and latent
When you remember what happened
Rem sleep
(Rapid eye movement) When you dream. The body experiences sle…
Sleep disorders
Sleep apnea-shortness of breath ... Insomnia-can't fall asleep... N…
Psychology 2301
personality
trait
define temperment; give examples
diathesis
a relatively stable pattern of thoughts, feelings, and behavi…
a single characteristic that generally lends itself well to q…
a presumed physiological disposition to respond to the enviro…
genetic, predisposition (scale of 1 to 99)
personality
a relatively stable pattern of thoughts, feelings, and behavi…
trait
a single characteristic that generally lends itself well to q…
60 terms
Psychology 2301
Psychopathology
Psychological Disorder
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of M…
Insanity
scientific study of origins, symptoms, and development of psy…
pattern of behavioral and psychological symptoms that causes…
used to describe/classify abnormal behaviors, developed by Am…
the legal (not clinical) designation for the individual judge…
Psychopathology
scientific study of origins, symptoms, and development of psy…
Psychological Disorder
pattern of behavioral and psychological symptoms that causes…
25 terms
Psychology 2301 Chapter 5
How can learning be best defined?
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Observational Learning
A relatively enduring change in behavior or thinking that res…
Learning process in which two stimuli become associated with…
Learning that occurs when voluntary actions become associated…
Learned by watching/ intimating others ... Researcher Responsible?
How can learning be best defined?
A relatively enduring change in behavior or thinking that res…
Classical Conditioning
Learning process in which two stimuli become associated with…
Psychology 2301 Chapter 1
Biological Psychology
Evolutionary Psychology
Psychology
Cognitive Psychology
focuses on relationships between mind and behavior, and their…
investigates how physical structure and behavior have been sh…
study of the mind
investigates information processing, thinking, reasoning, and…
Biological Psychology
focuses on relationships between mind and behavior, and their…
Evolutionary Psychology
investigates how physical structure and behavior have been sh…
9 terms
Psychology 2301
Which of the following is NOT an empir…
A correlation coefficient shows that a…
Vido has a master's degree and is inte…
While Margaret Floy Washburn may have…
D
B
D
B
Which of the following is NOT an empir…
D
A correlation coefficient shows that a…
B
Psychology 2301 Chapter 3
Sensation
Perception
transduction
Data base processing
the process by which sensory organs in the eyes, ears, nose,…
the organization and interpretation of sensory stimuli by the…
the process of transforming stimuli into neural signals
taking basic sensory info about incoming stimuli and processi…
Sensation
the process by which sensory organs in the eyes, ears, nose,…
Perception
the organization and interpretation of sensory stimuli by the…
Psychology 2301 Final Exam
Psychological Disorders
DSM-V
Prevalence of Mental Disorders
Biological
Mental processes and/ or behavior patterns that cause emotion…
Diagnostic Manual of Mental Disorders... Used to classify and di…
Very prevalent 50% of US citizens diagnosed with a mental dis…
Psychological disorders caused by brain abnormality , genetic…
Psychological Disorders
Mental processes and/ or behavior patterns that cause emotion…
DSM-V
Diagnostic Manual of Mental Disorders... Used to classify and di…
45 terms
Psychology 2301 Chapter 11
In psychology, the term personality re…
Personality theories:
Early in his medical career, Freud inv…
Which definition reflects Freud's view…
an individual's unique and relatively consistent patterns of…
attempt to explain how and why people are similar and differe…
cocaine.
the irrational component of personality that seeks immediate…
In psychology, the term personality re…
an individual's unique and relatively consistent patterns of…
Personality theories:
attempt to explain how and why people are similar and differe…
17 terms
Psychology 2301
What does it mean that science include…
Basic Research
Applied Research
What are the six steps of the scientif…
...
Research that tests fundamental theories
How can we apply into, to make helpful and useful
1) develop a question based on theory... 2) form a hypothesis... 3)…
What does it mean that science include…
...
Basic Research
Research that tests fundamental theories
Psychology 2301
1. What is the difference between a na…
2. Discuss the use of introspection in…
3. Discuss how the Functionalist, Gest…
4. Discuss Gall's theory of phrenology…
•Nativist: certain kinds of knowledge are innate, or somethin…
...
Functionalist approach: sees that consciousness was like a fl…
Theory that specific mental abilities and characteristics, ra…
1. What is the difference between a na…
•Nativist: certain kinds of knowledge are innate, or somethin…
2. Discuss the use of introspection in…
...
Psychology 2301; Chapter 6(learning)
Learning
Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
Unconditioned Stimulus(US)
Relatively permanent change in behavior or mental processes…
Process of learning associations between stimuli and behavi…
Learning through involuntary paired associations; it occurs…
A stimulus that elicits an unconditioned response(UR) without…
Learning
Relatively permanent change in behavior or mental processes…
Conditioning
Process of learning associations between stimuli and behavi…
Psychology 2301 Chapter 4
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Axon
Dendrite
this study helps to explain how biological structures affect…
a cell of the nervous system that is specialized for sending…
the branch of a neuron that is usually responsible for transm…
a branch from the neural cell body that usually receives inpu…
Biological Psychology
this study helps to explain how biological structures affect…
Neuron
a cell of the nervous system that is specialized for sending…
25 terms
Psychology-2301: Chapter 4
developmental psychology
infantile amnesia
maturation
stags of motor develpment (tied to mat…
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
memories usually don't predate age 3.
biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in be…
- (2-weeks old) lifting head... - (3 months) rolling over... - (5 1…
developmental psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
infantile amnesia
memories usually don't predate age 3.
134 terms
Psychology 2301 Final Exam
What is psychology?
Psychoanalytic Approach/Psychoanalysis
Behavioral Approach/Behaviorism
Humanistic Approach
The study of behavior and mental processes.... >Parents: Philoso…
School of thought that emphasizes dreams, childhood memories,…
School of thought that emphasizes the study of observable beh…
School of thought that emphasizes an individual's self-concep…
What is psychology?
The study of behavior and mental processes.... >Parents: Philoso…
Psychoanalytic Approach/Psychoanalysis
School of thought that emphasizes dreams, childhood memories,…
21 terms
Psychology 2301 Chap 9
How many Chromosomes does a zygote con…
What are 3 Prenatal development stages
Prenatal Development stage 1 Germinal
Prenatal Development stage 2 Embryonic
46-23 from each parent
Germinal, Embryonic, Fetal
Weeks 1 and 2 beginning with conception
Weeks 3 through 8 including the 1st trimester
How many Chromosomes does a zygote con…
46-23 from each parent
What are 3 Prenatal development stages
Germinal, Embryonic, Fetal
Psychology2301 Exam 2
Sensation
Transduction
Absolute Treshold
Subliminal Perception
simple stimulation of a sense organ
when many sensors in the body convert physical signals from t…
the minimal intensity needed to just barely detect a stimulus…
thought or behavior is influenced by stimuli that a person ca…
Sensation
simple stimulation of a sense organ
Transduction
when many sensors in the body convert physical signals from t…
26 terms
Psychology 2301 Exam 4
Social Psychology
attribution theory
foor in the door phenomenon
role
Study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one ano…
tendency to give a cause or explanation for others' behavior
tendency for those who first agree to a small request to late…
set of expectations about a social position
Social Psychology
Study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one ano…
attribution theory
tendency to give a cause or explanation for others' behavior
Psychology 2301 Chapter 2
Neuroscience
Biological psychology
Neurons
Cell Body
the study of the brain and nervous system
the branch of psychology that focuses on how the brain and ot…
the building blocks of the nervous system that transmit elect…
the region of the neuron that includes a nucleus containing D…
Neuroscience
the study of the brain and nervous system
Biological psychology
the branch of psychology that focuses on how the brain and ot…
53 terms
Psychology 2301
Replication
Operational definition
Independent variable (treatment variab…
Dependent variable (outcome variable)
Repeat and duplicate a scientific study to increase confidenc…
A precise description of how the variables in a study will be…
The manipulated factor that produce change in an experiment
Factor that is observed and measured for change in an experim…
Replication
Repeat and duplicate a scientific study to increase confidenc…
Operational definition
A precise description of how the variables in a study will be…
102 terms
Psychology 2301
What is psychology
What is the goal of psycology
Aristotle (384-322 BCE)
Plato (427-347 BCE)
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Describe... Explain... Predict... Control the events it studies... Behavi…
Wrote "About the Psyche": topics such as personality, sensati…
-Recorded Socrates' advice to "Know Thyself"- a motto of psyc…
What is psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
What is the goal of psycology
Describe... Explain... Predict... Control the events it studies... Behavi…
Psychology 2301 exam 3
what are the 3 memory processes
encoding
storage
retrieval
encoding... storage... retrieval
process of transforming what we perceive, think, or feel into…
the process of maintaining information in memory over time
the process of bringing to mind information that has been pre…
what are the 3 memory processes
encoding... storage... retrieval
encoding
process of transforming what we perceive, think, or feel into…
Psychology 2301 chapter 4
While ___ involves the stimulation of…
If The human Eye were not responsive t…
If you Man I were not responsive to di…
The blind spot in the eye is
Sensation perception
Color
Brightness
Where the optic nerve exists in the back of the eye
While ___ involves the stimulation of…
Sensation perception
If The human Eye were not responsive t…
Color
51 terms
Psychology 2301 Final
What is Gardner's theory of multiple i…
Reliability
Validity
Standardization
Gardner theory stated that there are several specialized type…
The ability of a test to yield the same score, or nearly the…
The ability of a test to measure what it claims to measure. (…
Establishing standard for administering a test and interpreti…
What is Gardner's theory of multiple i…
Gardner theory stated that there are several specialized type…
Reliability
The ability of a test to yield the same score, or nearly the…
30 terms
Psychology 2301 Exam 2
Myelinization
Synaptogenesis
Cortex
Pruning
a process in neuronal development in which sheaths made of a…
the process of synapse development; the creation of synapses,…
outer layer of cerebrum, composed of folded gray matter and p…
process of eliminating unused synapses
Myelinization
a process in neuronal development in which sheaths made of a…
Synaptogenesis
the process of synapse development; the creation of synapses,…
136 terms
Psychology 2301 Summer 2015
psychology
mental process
behavior
philosophical developments
scientific study of mental processes and behavior
private inner experiences
observable actions
interactive dualism; the mind and body interact to produce co…
psychology
scientific study of mental processes and behavior
mental process
private inner experiences
Psychology 2301 Chapter 3
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
Data-based processing
the process by which sensory organs in the eyes, ears, nose,…
the organization and interpretation of sensory stimuli by the…
the process of transforming stimuli into neural signals... (sens…
{how the brain takes basic sensory information and processes…
Sensation
the process by which sensory organs in the eyes, ears, nose,…
Perception
the organization and interpretation of sensory stimuli by the…
psychology 2301 chapter 3
transduction
data-based processing
knowledge based processing
webers law
signals transform into neural impulses
describes how the brain takes basic sensory information and p…
processing based on an individual's previous experience or kn…
thresholds are determined by ratios, not absolute numbers ... Ju…
transduction
signals transform into neural impulses
data-based processing
describes how the brain takes basic sensory information and p…
psychology 2301 chapter 4
consciousness
structuralists view of consciousness
functionalists view of consciousness
behaviorists view of consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
break it down to figure out details
why do we have emotions. what are we aware of
didnt care
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
structuralists view of consciousness
break it down to figure out details
psychology 2301 chapter 2
excitatory signal
inhibitory signal
neurotransmitter
receptor sites
increases chance that neuron will fire (glutamate)
decreases chance that neuron will fire (gaba)
chemical messengers that neurons use to communicate at the sy…
location where neurotransmitters attach on the receiving side…
excitatory signal
increases chance that neuron will fire (glutamate)
inhibitory signal
decreases chance that neuron will fire (gaba)
16 terms
Psychology 2301 Ch 6
semantic memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
general knowledge;
transforming information into psychological formulas that an…
maintaining information over time
locating stored information and returning it to consciousness
semantic memory
general knowledge;
encoding
transforming information into psychological formulas that an…
101 terms
psychology 2301 mid-term
Pavlov's Dogs
Little Albert
Bobo Doll
Unconditioned Stimulus (US)
-Spent 1890s studying the digestive system of dogs. -Won Nobe…
- Was an 11-month old baby who developed fear of rats through…
- Albert Bandura... - Bandura and his colleagues revealed the sp…
a stimulus that naturally triggers a response; Example: food
Pavlov's Dogs
-Spent 1890s studying the digestive system of dogs. -Won Nobe…
Little Albert
- Was an 11-month old baby who developed fear of rats through…
Psychology 2301 (Ch 11)
Oral Stage
Anal Stage
Phallic Stage
Latency Stage
0-18 months
18-36 months
3-6 years
6 years - puberty
Oral Stage
0-18 months
Anal Stage
18-36 months
43 terms
Psychology-2301: Chapter 6
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, e…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works to…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
perception
process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, e…
15 terms
Psychology 2301 ch 8
incentive
drives
primary drives
drive reduction theory
a thing that motivates or encourages one to do something
an innate, biologically determined urge to attain a goal or s…
active behavior; hunger, thirst, pain
idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension sta…
incentive
a thing that motivates or encourages one to do something
drives
an innate, biologically determined urge to attain a goal or s…
41 terms
Psychology 2301 - Test 3
Attachment
Fluid Intelligence
Crystalized Intelligence
Conservation
the strong affectionate bond a child forms with the mother of…
aspects of intelligence involving abstract reasoning and ment…
aspects of intelligence involving verbal ability and accumula…
concept that a given quantity of matter remains the same desp…
Attachment
the strong affectionate bond a child forms with the mother of…
Fluid Intelligence
aspects of intelligence involving abstract reasoning and ment…
151 terms
Psychology 2301 Exam 1
What is the most accurate definition o…
What is the most objective known metho…
A general principle or set of principl…
The first step in any scientific inves…
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Scientific Method
a theory
forming a hypothesis
What is the most accurate definition o…
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
What is the most objective known metho…
Scientific Method
psychology 2301 mid-term
Pavlov's Dogs
Little Albert
Bobo Doll
Unconditioned Stimulus (US)
-Spent 1890s studying the digestive system of dogs. -Won Nobe…
- Was an 11-month old baby who developed fear of rats through…
- Albert Bandura... - Bandura and his colleagues revealed the sp…
a stimulus that naturally triggers a response; Example: food
Pavlov's Dogs
-Spent 1890s studying the digestive system of dogs. -Won Nobe…
Little Albert
- Was an 11-month old baby who developed fear of rats through…
psychology 2301 chapter 6
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the ability to store and retrieve information over time
first stage of the memory process; in it information is trans…
the process of maintaining or keeping information readily ava…
the process of getting information out of memory storage
memory
the ability to store and retrieve information over time
encoding
first stage of the memory process; in it information is trans…
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