Study sets matching "psychology ap chapter 7"

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Study sets matching "psychology ap chapter 7"

41 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
addiction
alpha waves
amphetamines
barbiturates
compulsive drug craving and use.
brain wave of awake relaxed person
drugs that increase energy and stimulate neural activity
drugs that reduce anxiety and depress central nervous system…
addiction
compulsive drug craving and use.
alpha waves
brain wave of awake relaxed person
40 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Learning
Associative Learning
Classical Conditioning
Behaviorism
Any relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due…
Organisms learn that certain events occur together. Two other…
A type of learning in which a neutral stimulus becomes capabl…
The view that psychology should be an objective science that…
Learning
Any relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due…
Associative Learning
Organisms learn that certain events occur together. Two other…
70 terms
AP psychology chapter 7
memory
information processing model
encoding
storage
any system - human, animal or machine - that encodes, stores…
a cognitive understanding of memory, emphasizing how informat…
the processing of information into the memory system--for exa…
the retention of encoded information over time
memory
any system - human, animal or machine - that encodes, stores…
information processing model
a cognitive understanding of memory, emphasizing how informat…
AP Psychology Chapter 7 - Learning
Learning
Associative Learning
Classical Conditioning
Conditioning
The process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a learning procedure in which a biologically potent stimulus…
To have a significant influence on or determine (the manner o…
Learning
The process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
Associative Learning
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
78 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Memory
Information Processing Model
Encoding
Storage
Any system; human, animal, or machine; that encodes, stores,…
A cognitive understanding of memory, emphasizing how informat…
Modification of information to fit the preferred format for t…
Retention of encoded material over time
Memory
Any system; human, animal, or machine; that encodes, stores,…
Information Processing Model
A cognitive understanding of memory, emphasizing how informat…
AP Psychology Chapter 7
consciousness
biological rhythm
circadian rhythm
REM sleep
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
periodic physiological fluctuations
A physiological cycle of about 24 hours that is present in al…
Rapid eye movement sleep, a recurring sleep stage during whic…
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
biological rhythm
periodic physiological fluctuations
AP Psychology Chapter 7 Bernstein
Ecoding
Auditory (Acoustic) Memory
Visual Memory
Storage
The process of acquiring information and entering it into mem…
Mental representations of information as a sequence of sounds
The mental representation of information as images
The process of maintaining information in memory over time
Ecoding
The process of acquiring information and entering it into mem…
Auditory (Acoustic) Memory
Mental representations of information as a sequence of sounds
67 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
Attention
involves forming a memory code
involves maintaining encoded information in memory over time
recovering information information from memory stores
involves focusing awareness on a narrowed range of stimuli or…
Encoding
involves forming a memory code
Storage
involves maintaining encoded information in memory over time
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Motivation
Instinct Theory
Drive-Reduction Theory
Homeostasis
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
We are motivated by our inborn automated behaviors
The idea that our behavior is motivated by our biological nee…
Tendency to maintain a constant or balanced internal state
Motivation
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Instinct Theory
We are motivated by our inborn automated behaviors
44 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Learning
Associative Learning
Classical Conditioning
Behaviorism
Any relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due…
Organisms learn that certain events occur together. Two other…
A type of learning in which a neutral stimulus becomes capabl…
The view that psychology should be an objective science that…
Learning
Any relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due…
Associative Learning
Organisms learn that certain events occur together. Two other…
AP Psychology: Chapter 7
cognition
thinking
mental image
intelligence
the mental activities involved in acquiring, retaining, and u…
the manipulation of mental representation of information in o…
a mental representation of objects or events that are not phy…
cognitive abilities are widely regarded as key dimensions of…
cognition
the mental activities involved in acquiring, retaining, and u…
thinking
the manipulation of mental representation of information in o…
AP Psychology Zimbardo Chapter 7
Memory (7.1)
Information-Processing Model (7.2)
Encoding (7.3)
Storage (7.4)
Any system - human, animal, or machine - that encodes, stores…
A cognitive understanding of memory, emphasizing how informat…
One of the three basic tasks of memory, involving the modific…
One of the three basic tasks of memory, involving the retenti…
Memory (7.1)
Any system - human, animal, or machine - that encodes, stores…
Information-Processing Model (7.2)
A cognitive understanding of memory, emphasizing how informat…
AP Psychology Chapter 7
learning
classical conditioning
cognitive learning
neutral stimulus
the process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
learning to link two stimuli in a way that helps us anticipat…
acquiring new behaviors and information through observation a…
a stimulus which does not trigger a response
learning
the process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
classical conditioning
learning to link two stimuli in a way that helps us anticipat…
40 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7: Learning
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
a relatively permanent changes in an organism's behavior due…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
learning
a relatively permanent changes in an organism's behavior due…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Encoding
Acoustic Encoding
Visual Encoding
Semantic Encoding
the first step in the basic memory process, the process of ac…
type of encoding when you encode by listening; mental represe…
type of encoding when you encode by seeing; the mental repres…
the mental representation of an experience by its general mea…
Encoding
the first step in the basic memory process, the process of ac…
Acoustic Encoding
type of encoding when you encode by listening; mental represe…
38 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 7
consciousness
biological rhythms
circadian rhythms
REM sleep
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
periodic physiological fluctuations
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
rapid eye movement sleep, a recurring sleep stage during whic…
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
biological rhythms
periodic physiological fluctuations
AP Psychology Chapter 7
encoding
storage
retrieval
the "cocktail-party-effect"
bringing info in from the environment and processing it, form…
maintaining encoded info in memory over time
locating and pulling info into consciousness from memory
in a crowded environment, we can focus on one conversation wh…
encoding
bringing info in from the environment and processing it, form…
storage
maintaining encoded info in memory over time
39 terms
AP Psychology Vocabulary chapter 7
Learning
associative learning
Classical Learning
Behaviorism
a relatively permanent change in an... organism's behavior due t…
learning that... certain events occur together. The... events may b…
a type of... learning in which one learns to link two... or more st…
the view that psychology... (1) should be an objective science... t…
Learning
a relatively permanent change in an... organism's behavior due t…
associative learning
learning that... certain events occur together. The... events may b…
34 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Consciousness
Cognitive neuroscience
Dual processing
Selective attention
process underlying mental model we create of the world of whi…
The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
the principle that information is often simultaneously proces…
The focus of attention on one particular stimulus or task at…
Consciousness
process underlying mental model we create of the world of whi…
Cognitive neuroscience
The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
AP Psychology: Chapter 7
Thinking (Cognition)
Mental Images
Concepts
Superordinate Concept
Mental activity that goes o in the brain when a person is org…
Mental representations that stand in for objects or events an…
Ideas that represent a class or category of objects events or…
The most general form of a concept ... Ex. "Fruit"
Thinking (Cognition)
Mental activity that goes o in the brain when a person is org…
Mental Images
Mental representations that stand in for objects or events an…
102 terms
AP PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 7
cognition
prototype
algorithm
heuristic
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental image or best example of a category.
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgm…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
prototype
a mental image or best example of a category.
28 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
a mental image or best example of a category.
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
40 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Learning
Associative Learning
Classical Conditioning
Behaviorism
Any relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due…
Organisms learn that certain events occur together. Two other…
A type of learning in which a neutral stimulus becomes capabl…
The view that psychology should be an objective science that…
Learning
Any relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due…
Associative Learning
Organisms learn that certain events occur together. Two other…
40 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Learning
Associative Learning
Classical Conditioning
Behaviorism
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
A type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
The view that psychology should be an objective science that…
Learning
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Associative Learning
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
AP Psychology Chapter 7 Words
Marijuana
Alcohol
stage 1 sleep
cognitive neuroscience
A hallucinogen: something that causes changes in perceptions…
A depressant: slows down the same body systems that stimulant…
Where theta waves, relatively high-frequency, low amplitude w…
Examines human thought and behavior in terms of how we interp…
Marijuana
A hallucinogen: something that causes changes in perceptions…
Alcohol
A depressant: slows down the same body systems that stimulant…
Chapter 7 AP Psychology
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
50 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Cognition
Thinking
Mental Image
Concepts
Mental activities involved in acquiring and retaining and usi…
Manipulation of mental representation to draw inferences and…
Representation of objects or events that are not present
Categories of ideas or objects that share similar properties
Cognition
Mental activities involved in acquiring and retaining and usi…
Thinking
Manipulation of mental representation to draw inferences and…
40 terms
Ap Psychology Chapter 7
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science... t…
learning
relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
Ap Psychology chapter 7
Learning
Associative learning
Classical conditioning
Behaviorism
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
A type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
The view that psychology should be an objective science that…
Learning
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Associative learning
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
40 terms
Chapter 7 AP Psychology Vocab
Consciousness
Fantasy Prone Personality
Biological Rhythms
Circadian Rhythm
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
someone who imagines and recalls experiences with lifelike vi…
Periodic physiological fluctuations
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms that occur on a…
Consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
Fantasy Prone Personality
someone who imagines and recalls experiences with lifelike vi…
40 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Learning
Associative Learning
Classical Conditioning
Behaviorism
Any relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due…
Organisms learn that certain events occur together. Two other…
A type of learning in which a neutral stimulus becomes capabl…
The view that psychology should be an objective science that…
Learning
Any relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due…
Associative Learning
Organisms learn that certain events occur together. Two other…
66 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
Attention
involves forming a memory code
involves maintaining encoded information in memory over time
recovering information information from memory stores
involves focusing awareness on a narrowed range of stimuli or…
Encoding
involves forming a memory code
Storage
involves maintaining encoded information in memory over time
AP Psychology Chapter 7 States of Consciousness
consciousness
biological rhythms
circadian rhythm
REM sleep
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
periodic physiological fluctuations
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms
rapid eye movement sleep, a recurring sleep stage during whic…
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
biological rhythms
periodic physiological fluctuations
Chapter 7 AP Psychology
Learning
Associative learning
Classical conditioning
Behaviorism
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Learning that creating events occur together. The events may…
A type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
The view that psychology, one should be an objective science…
Learning
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Associative learning
Learning that creating events occur together. The events may…
AP psychology Chapter 7
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
learning that certain events occur together:.key term- together
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
m the view that psychology... (1) should be an objective science…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together:.key term- together
AP Psychology Chapter 7
absentmindedness
amnesia
anterograde amnesia
blocking
The inattentive or shallow encoding of events.
A deficit in long-term memory- resulting from disease, brain…
A condition in which people lose the ability to form new memo…
The temporary inability to remember something.
absentmindedness
The inattentive or shallow encoding of events.
amnesia
A deficit in long-term memory- resulting from disease, brain…
85 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7: Development Over the Lifespan
developmental psychology
nature-nurture issue
twin study
adoption study
The psychological specialty that studies how organisms grow a…
The long-standing discussion over the relative importance of…
A means of separating the effects of nature and nurture by wh…
A method of separating the effect of nature and nurture by wh…
developmental psychology
The psychological specialty that studies how organisms grow a…
nature-nurture issue
The long-standing discussion over the relative importance of…
120 terms
Chapter 7 AP Psychology
memory
information processing model
encoding
storage
earning that has persisted over time
...
information entering brain
retaining information
memory
earning that has persisted over time
information processing model
...
40 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7: Learning
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
a relatively permanent changes in an organism's behavior due…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
learning
a relatively permanent changes in an organism's behavior due…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
74 terms
AP Psychology Zimbardo Chapter 7
Memory (7.1)
Information-Processing Model (7.2)
Encoding (7.3)
Storage (7.4)
Any system - human, animal, or machine - that encodes, stores…
A cognitive understanding of memory, emphasizing how informat…
One of the three basic tasks of memory, involving the modific…
One of the three basic tasks of memory, involving the retenti…
Memory (7.1)
Any system - human, animal, or machine - that encodes, stores…
Information-Processing Model (7.2)
A cognitive understanding of memory, emphasizing how informat…
40 terms
Ap Psychology Chapter 7
Amnesia
Anterograde amnesia
Basic Level
Chunking
A failure of memory caused by physical injury, disease, drug…
An inability to r explicit memories for events that occur aft…
The level of categorization that can be retrieved from memory…
The process of taking single items of information and recordi…
Amnesia
A failure of memory caused by physical injury, disease, drug…
Anterograde amnesia
An inability to r explicit memories for events that occur aft…
40 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
a relatively permanent changes in an organism's behavior due…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
learning
a relatively permanent changes in an organism's behavior due…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
38 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7: Memory
Amnesia
Chunking
Decay
Declarative Memory
a significant memory loss that's is too extensive to be due t…
organizing pieces of info into smaller meaningful units
the idea that forgetting occurs because memory traces fade wi…
stores facts and events, requires conscious effort to retriev…
Amnesia
a significant memory loss that's is too extensive to be due t…
Chunking
organizing pieces of info into smaller meaningful units
38 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7 Vocab.
Consciousness
Biological Rhythms
Circadian Rhythms
REM Sleep
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
periodic physiological fluctuations
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
rapid eye movement sleep, a recurring sleep stage during whic…
Consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
Biological Rhythms
periodic physiological fluctuations
AP Psychology Chapter 7.
Consciousness
Altered State of Conciousness
Biological Rhythms
Circadian Rhythm
Our awareness of ourselves and our environments.
A state where there is a shift in the clarity and quality of…
Natural cycles of activity that the body must go through.
Regular bodily rhythms that occur on a 25 hour cycle; the bio…
Consciousness
Our awareness of ourselves and our environments.
Altered State of Conciousness
A state where there is a shift in the clarity and quality of…
30 terms
AP Psychology Vocab: Chapter 7
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
neutral stimulus (NS)
learning that certain events occur together; the events may b…
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science a…
in classical conditioning, a stimulus that elicits no respons…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together; the events may b…
classical conditioning
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
37 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 7
Learning
Classical Conditioning
Unconditioned Stimulus (US)
Unconditioned Response (UR)
experience that results in a relatively permanent change in t…
when a neutral stimulus produces a response after being paire…
something that reliably produces a naturally occurring reacti…
a reflexive reaction that is reliably produced by an uncondit…
Learning
experience that results in a relatively permanent change in t…
Classical Conditioning
when a neutral stimulus produces a response after being paire…
AP Psychology Chapter 7: Learning
a relatively permanent changes in an o…
learning that certain events occur tog…
a type of learning in which one learns…
the view that psychology (1) should be…
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
a relatively permanent changes in an o…
learning
learning that certain events occur tog…
associative learning
40 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7: Learning
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
A type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
The view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
learning
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
associative learning
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
AP psychology chapter 7
Learning
Habituation
Associative learning
Stimulus
To be taught how to do something
To do something out of habit
Learning by associating things through other words
Change in environment
Learning
To be taught how to do something
Habituation
To do something out of habit
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