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Study sets matching "psychology ap chapter 7"

41 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
addiction
alpha waves
amphetamines
barbiturates
compulsive drug craving and use.
brain wave of awake relaxed person
drugs that increase energy and stimulate neural activity
drugs that reduce anxiety and depress central nervous system…
addiction
compulsive drug craving and use.
alpha waves
brain wave of awake relaxed person
70 terms
AP psychology chapter 7
memory
information processing model
encoding
storage
any system - human, animal or machine - that encodes, stores…
a cognitive understanding of memory, emphasizing how informat…
the processing of information into the memory system--for exa…
the retention of encoded information over time
memory
any system - human, animal or machine - that encodes, stores…
information processing model
a cognitive understanding of memory, emphasizing how informat…
83 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
encoding
storage
retrieval
the "cocktail-party-effect"
bringing info in from the environment and processing it, form…
maintaining encoded info in memory over time
locating and pulling info into consciousness from memory
in a crowded environment, we can focus on one conversation wh…
encoding
bringing info in from the environment and processing it, form…
storage
maintaining encoded info in memory over time
78 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Memory
Information Processing Model
Encoding
Storage
Any system; human, animal, or machine; that encodes, stores,…
A cognitive understanding of memory, emphasizing how informat…
Modification of information to fit the preferred format for t…
Retention of encoded material over time
Memory
Any system; human, animal, or machine; that encodes, stores,…
Information Processing Model
A cognitive understanding of memory, emphasizing how informat…
47 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7 Bernstein
Ecoding
Auditory (Acoustic) Memory
Visual Memory
Storage
The process of acquiring information and entering it into mem…
Mental representations of information as a sequence of sounds
The mental representation of information as images
The process of maintaining information in memory over time
Ecoding
The process of acquiring information and entering it into mem…
Auditory (Acoustic) Memory
Mental representations of information as a sequence of sounds
28 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Motivation
Instinct Theory
Drive-Reduction Theory
Homeostasis
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
We are motivated by our inborn automated behaviors
The idea that our behavior is motivated by our biological nee…
Tendency to maintain a constant or balanced internal state
Motivation
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Instinct Theory
We are motivated by our inborn automated behaviors
102 terms
AP PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 7
cognition
prototype
algorithm
heuristic
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental image or best example of a category.
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgm…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
prototype
a mental image or best example of a category.
67 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
Attention
involves forming a memory code
involves maintaining encoded information in memory over time
recovering information information from memory stores
involves focusing awareness on a narrowed range of stimuli or…
Encoding
involves forming a memory code
Storage
involves maintaining encoded information in memory over time
74 terms
AP Psychology Zimbardo Chapter 7
Memory (7.1)
Information-Processing Model (7.2)
Encoding (7.3)
Storage (7.4)
Any system - human, animal, or machine - that encodes, stores…
A cognitive understanding of memory, emphasizing how informat…
One of the three basic tasks of memory, involving the modific…
One of the three basic tasks of memory, involving the retenti…
Memory (7.1)
Any system - human, animal, or machine - that encodes, stores…
Information-Processing Model (7.2)
A cognitive understanding of memory, emphasizing how informat…
40 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7: Learning
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
a relatively permanent changes in an organism's behavior due…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
learning
a relatively permanent changes in an organism's behavior due…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
38 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
consciousness
biological rhythm
circadian rhythm
REM sleep
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
periodic physiological fluctuations
A physiological cycle of about 24 hours that is present in al…
Rapid eye movement sleep, a recurring sleep stage during whic…
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
biological rhythm
periodic physiological fluctuations
40 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Learning
Associative Learning
Classical Conditioning
Behaviorism
Any relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due…
Organisms learn that certain events occur together. Two other…
A type of learning in which a neutral stimulus becomes capabl…
The view that psychology should be an objective science that…
Learning
Any relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due…
Associative Learning
Organisms learn that certain events occur together. Two other…
34 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
learning
classical conditioning
cognitive learning
neutral stimulus
the process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
learning to link two stimuli in a way that helps us anticipat…
acquiring new behaviors and information through observation a…
a stimulus which does not trigger a response
learning
the process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
classical conditioning
learning to link two stimuli in a way that helps us anticipat…
89 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 7
cognition
thinking
mental image
intelligence
the mental activities involved in acquiring, retaining, and u…
the manipulation of mental representation of information in o…
a mental representation of objects or events that are not phy…
cognitive abilities are widely regarded as key dimensions of…
cognition
the mental activities involved in acquiring, retaining, and u…
thinking
the manipulation of mental representation of information in o…
71 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Encoding
Acoustic Encoding
Visual Encoding
Semantic Encoding
the first step in the basic memory process, the process of ac…
type of encoding when you encode by listening; mental represe…
type of encoding when you encode by seeing; the mental repres…
the mental representation of an experience by its general mea…
Encoding
the first step in the basic memory process, the process of ac…
Acoustic Encoding
type of encoding when you encode by listening; mental represe…
66 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
Attention
involves forming a memory code
involves maintaining encoded information in memory over time
recovering information information from memory stores
involves focusing awareness on a narrowed range of stimuli or…
Encoding
involves forming a memory code
Storage
involves maintaining encoded information in memory over time
40 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Learning
Associative Learning
Classical Conditioning
Behaviorism
Any relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due…
Organisms learn that certain events occur together. Two other…
A type of learning in which a neutral stimulus becomes capabl…
The view that psychology should be an objective science that…
Learning
Any relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due…
Associative Learning
Organisms learn that certain events occur together. Two other…
120 terms
Chapter 7 AP Psychology
memory
information processing model
encoding
storage
earning that has persisted over time
...
information entering brain
retaining information
memory
earning that has persisted over time
information processing model
...
85 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7: Development Over the Lifespan
developmental psychology
nature-nurture issue
twin study
adoption study
The psychological specialty that studies how organisms grow a…
The long-standing discussion over the relative importance of…
A means of separating the effects of nature and nurture by wh…
A method of separating the effect of nature and nurture by wh…
developmental psychology
The psychological specialty that studies how organisms grow a…
nature-nurture issue
The long-standing discussion over the relative importance of…
34 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Consciousness
Cognitive neuroscience
Dual processing
Selective attention
process underlying mental model we create of the world of whi…
The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
the principle that information is often simultaneously proces…
The focus of attention on one particular stimulus or task at…
Consciousness
process underlying mental model we create of the world of whi…
Cognitive neuroscience
The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
40 terms
Ap Psychology Chapter 7
Amnesia
Anterograde amnesia
Basic Level
Chunking
A failure of memory caused by physical injury, disease, drug…
An inability to r explicit memories for events that occur aft…
The level of categorization that can be retrieved from memory…
The process of taking single items of information and recordi…
Amnesia
A failure of memory caused by physical injury, disease, drug…
Anterograde amnesia
An inability to r explicit memories for events that occur aft…
38 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 7
consciousness
biological rhythms
circadian rhythms
REM sleep
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
periodic physiological fluctuations
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
rapid eye movement sleep, a recurring sleep stage during whic…
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
biological rhythms
periodic physiological fluctuations
37 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7 States of Consciousness
consciousness
biological rhythms
circadian rhythm
REM sleep
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
periodic physiological fluctuations
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms
rapid eye movement sleep, a recurring sleep stage during whic…
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
biological rhythms
periodic physiological fluctuations
38 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7: Memory
Amnesia
Chunking
Decay
Declarative Memory
a significant memory loss that's is too extensive to be due t…
organizing pieces of info into smaller meaningful units
the idea that forgetting occurs because memory traces fade wi…
stores facts and events, requires conscious effort to retriev…
Amnesia
a significant memory loss that's is too extensive to be due t…
Chunking
organizing pieces of info into smaller meaningful units
40 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
a relatively permanent changes in an organism's behavior due…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
learning
a relatively permanent changes in an organism's behavior due…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
30 terms
AP Psychology Vocab: Chapter 7
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
neutral stimulus (NS)
learning that certain events occur together; the events may b…
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science a…
in classical conditioning, a stimulus that elicits no respons…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together; the events may b…
classical conditioning
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
23 terms
AP Psychology | Chapter 7- Learning
Behaviorism
Acquisition
Unconditioned Response
Conditioned Response
The study of observable behaviors in organisms.
Gaining a new skill via conditioning.
A response that occurs naturally without training.
A response that occurs after conditioning takes place.
Behaviorism
The study of observable behaviors in organisms.
Acquisition
Gaining a new skill via conditioning.
AP Psychology Chapter 7: Learning
a relatively permanent changes in an o…
learning that certain events occur tog…
a type of learning in which one learns…
the view that psychology (1) should be…
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
a relatively permanent changes in an o…
learning
learning that certain events occur tog…
associative learning
40 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7: Learning
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
A type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
The view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
learning
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
associative learning
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
38 terms
AP Psychology Vocabulary Chapter 7
Consciousness
Biological Rhythms
Circadian Rhythms
REM Sleep (Rapid Eye Movement Sleep)
Our awareness of ourselves and our environment
Periodic psychological fluctuations
The biological clock; regular body rhythms that occur on a 24…
A reoccurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly…
Consciousness
Our awareness of ourselves and our environment
Biological Rhythms
Periodic psychological fluctuations
25 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7 Words
Marijuana
Alcohol
stage 1 sleep
cognitive neuroscience
A hallucinogen: something that causes changes in perceptions…
A depressant: slows down the same body systems that stimulant…
Where theta waves, relatively high-frequency, low amplitude w…
Examines human thought and behavior in terms of how we interp…
Marijuana
A hallucinogen: something that causes changes in perceptions…
Alcohol
A depressant: slows down the same body systems that stimulant…
40 terms
Chapter 7 AP Psychology Vocab
Consciousness
Fantasy Prone Personality
Biological Rhythms
Circadian Rhythm
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
someone who imagines and recalls experiences with lifelike vi…
Periodic physiological fluctuations
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms that occur on a…
Consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
Fantasy Prone Personality
someone who imagines and recalls experiences with lifelike vi…
38 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
addiction
alpha waves
amphetamines
barbiturates
compulsive drug craving and use.
brain wave of awake relaxed person
drugs that increase energy and stimulate neural activity
drugs that reduce anxiety and depress central nervous system…
addiction
compulsive drug craving and use.
alpha waves
brain wave of awake relaxed person
74 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Memory
Information-Processing Model
Encoding
Storage
Any system - human, animal, or machine - that encodes, stores…
A cognitive understanding of memory, emphasizing how informat…
One of the three basic tasks of memory, involving the modific…
One of the three basic tasks of memory, involving the retenti…
Memory
Any system - human, animal, or machine - that encodes, stores…
Information-Processing Model
A cognitive understanding of memory, emphasizing how informat…
5 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
the view that psychology (1)should be an objective science th…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
37 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7.
Consciousness
Altered State of Conciousness
Biological Rhythms
Circadian Rhythm
Our awareness of ourselves and our environments.
A state where there is a shift in the clarity and quality of…
Natural cycles of activity that the body must go through.
Regular bodily rhythms that occur on a 25 hour cycle; the bio…
Consciousness
Our awareness of ourselves and our environments.
Altered State of Conciousness
A state where there is a shift in the clarity and quality of…
38 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7 Vocab.
Consciousness
Biological Rhythms
Circadian Rhythms
REM Sleep
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
periodic physiological fluctuations
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
rapid eye movement sleep, a recurring sleep stage during whic…
Consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
Biological Rhythms
periodic physiological fluctuations
25 terms
Chapter 7 AP Psychology
REM Rebound
Dream
Withdrawal
REM Sleep
the tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep de…
a sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through…
the discomfort and distress that follow discontinuing the use…
rapid eye movement sleep , a recurring sleep stage during whi…
REM Rebound
the tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep de…
Dream
a sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through…
51 terms
AP psychology chapter 7
encoding
storage
retrieval
attention
involves forming a memory code
involves maintaing encoded information in memory over time
recover information from memory stores
focusing awareness on a narrowed range of stimuli
encoding
involves forming a memory code
storage
involves maintaing encoded information in memory over time
36 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Consciousness
Fantasy-prone Personality
Biological Rhythms
Circadian Rhythm
Our awareness of ourselves and our environments
Someone who imagines and recalls experiences with lifelike vi…
Periodic physiological fluctuations
The biological clock; regular bodily rhythms that occur on a…
Consciousness
Our awareness of ourselves and our environments
Fantasy-prone Personality
Someone who imagines and recalls experiences with lifelike vi…
30 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
circadian rhythm
REM sleep
alpha waves
hallucinations
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms that occur on a…
rapid eye movement; recurring sleep stage in which dreams occur
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake sate
false sensory experiences, such as seeing something in the ab…
circadian rhythm
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms that occur on a…
REM sleep
rapid eye movement; recurring sleep stage in which dreams occur
32 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Consciousness
Circadian clock
Pineal gland
Suprachiasmatic nucleus
Our awareness of ourselves and our environment
Sleep-waking cycle, 24 hour clock
Production of Melatonin
The cluster of cells that controls the circadian clock
Consciousness
Our awareness of ourselves and our environment
Circadian clock
Sleep-waking cycle, 24 hour clock
72 terms
AP psychology chapter 7
memory
3 stages of memory
magic number 7
information processing model
any system - human, animal or machine - that encodes, stores…
sensory, working and long term
the ability to only remember 7 things
a cognitive understanding of memory, emphasizing how informat…
memory
any system - human, animal or machine - that encodes, stores…
3 stages of memory
sensory, working and long term
72 terms
Myers AP Psychology chapter 7
Memory
information-processing model
encoding
storage
an electronic memory device
a model of memory in which information must pass through disc…
the processing of information into the memory system
the retention of encoded information over time
Memory
an electronic memory device
information-processing model
a model of memory in which information must pass through disc…
38 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 7
Consciousness
Biological Rhythms
Circadian Rhythm
REM Sleep
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
periodic physiological fluctuations.
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythm (for example, of…
rapid eye movement sleep, a recurring sleep stage during whic…
Consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
Biological Rhythms
periodic physiological fluctuations.
61 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Consciousness
Biological Rhythms
4 Biological Rhythms
Circadian Rhythm
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
periodic physiological fluctuations
Annual cycles, Twenty-eight-day cycles, Twenty-four-hour cycl…
the biological clock and regular bodily rhythms
Consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
Biological Rhythms
periodic physiological fluctuations
107 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Descartes
John Locke
David Hume
Consciousness
I think, therefore I am.
A major function of consciousness is to help us form a sense…
All consciousness can do is reveal a succession of states in…
One's awareness of both the internal and external stimuli and…
Descartes
I think, therefore I am.
John Locke
A major function of consciousness is to help us form a sense…
43 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Learning
Associative Learning
Stimulus
Cognitive Learning
The process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
Learning that certain events occur together. The events maybe…
Any event or situation that evokes a response
The accusation of mental information, whether by observing ev…
Learning
The process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
Associative Learning
Learning that certain events occur together. The events maybe…
44 terms
AP Psychology Myers Chapter 7 (Learning)
learning
associative learning
stimulus
cognitive learning
the process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
any event or situation that evokes a response
the acquisition of mental information, whether by observing e…
learning
the process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
associative learning
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
41 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 7
addiction
alpha waves
amphetamines
barbiturates
compulsive drug craving and use.
brain wave of awake relaxed person
drugs that increase energy and stimulate neural activity
drugs that reduce anxiety and depress central nervous system…
addiction
compulsive drug craving and use.
alpha waves
brain wave of awake relaxed person
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