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Study sets matching "psychology chapter 10"

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Study sets matching "psychology chapter 10"

29 terms
Beach Psychology Chapter 10
Memory
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
The input, storage and retrieval of what has been learned or…
The transforming of information so the nervous system can pro…
The process by which information is maintained over a period…
The process of obtaining information that has been stored in…
Memory
The input, storage and retrieval of what has been learned or…
Encoding
The transforming of information so the nervous system can pro…
Psychology Chapter 10
Motivation
Instinct
drive-reduction theory
homeostasis
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
behavior that is patterned throughout a species, and is unlea…
idea that physiological needs create an aroused tension state…
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state
Motivation
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Instinct
behavior that is patterned throughout a species, and is unlea…
30 terms
Psychology and You: Chapter 10
heredity
environment
nature/nurture controversy
genes
characteristics obtained directly from the genes
a person's surroundings, which influence the person's charact…
contrasting views of how we gain certain characteristics : na…
the basic units of heredity
heredity
characteristics obtained directly from the genes
environment
a person's surroundings, which influence the person's charact…
50 terms
Psych: Chapter 10 Social Psychology
social psychology
social influence
conformity
groupthink
~Book Definition: the scientific study of how a person's thou…
~Book Definition: the scientific study of how a person's thou…
~Book Definition: changing one's own behavior to match that o…
~Book Definition: kind of thinking that occurs when people pl…
social psychology
~Book Definition: the scientific study of how a person's thou…
social influence
~Book Definition: the scientific study of how a person's thou…
46 terms
Psychology Chapter 10
Transition and Continuity
Development
Prenatal Period
Prenatal Stages
two themes that permeate human development
is the sequence of age-related changes that occur as a person…
extends from conception to birth, usually encompassing nine m…
1.) the germinal stage (first 2 weeks) 2.) the embryonic stag…
Transition and Continuity
two themes that permeate human development
Development
is the sequence of age-related changes that occur as a person…
30 terms
Psychology Chapter 10
Aggression
Altruistic Behaviors
Attitude
Attributions
Hostile or forceful action intended to do harm; harming or hu…
Helping behavior. Selfless behavior designed to benefit others.
A prevailing and consistent tendency to react in a given way,…
In social psychology, the explanations we devise for our own…
Aggression
Hostile or forceful action intended to do harm; harming or hu…
Altruistic Behaviors
Helping behavior. Selfless behavior designed to benefit others.
44 terms
Chapter 10: Social Psychology - Psychology: An Exploration
at least one confederate agreed with t…
Caroline wants her team to openly vote…
door-in-the-face technique
Dan, who is curious about other forms…
In Asch's study, conformity decreased when
Which of the following would not be effective in minimizing g…
Conner needs just $20 more to go out with his friends. He ask…
Who among the following might be the least likely target for…
at least one confederate agreed with t…
In Asch's study, conformity decreased when
Caroline wants her team to openly vote…
Which of the following would not be effective in minimizing g…
21 terms
Psychology: Chapter 10 Terms
motivation
instinct
drive-reduction theory
homeostasis
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension…
a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
motivation
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
instinct
a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
9 terms
Psychology Chapter 10
Imprinting
Reflex
Maturation
Contact Comfort
The process by which some animals form immediate attachments
an involuntary reaction or response.
the automatic and sequential process of development that resu…
The instinctual need to touch and be touched by something soft
Imprinting
The process by which some animals form immediate attachments
Reflex
an involuntary reaction or response.
21 terms
Psychology (Meyers) Chapter 10
intelligence test
intelligence
general intelligence
factor analysis
a method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and c…
mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
a general intelligence factor that, according to Spearman and…
a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related i…
intelligence test
a method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and c…
intelligence
mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
41 terms
Psychology chapter 10
Emotion
3 components of emotion
Mood
Primary emotions
An immediate, specific, negative or positive response to envi…
Physiological process ex: heart beating fast and sweating.... Be…
Long-lasting emotional states that do not have an identifiabl…
Emotions that are innate, evolutionary adaptive, and universa…
Emotion
An immediate, specific, negative or positive response to envi…
3 components of emotion
Physiological process ex: heart beating fast and sweating.... Be…
13 terms
Psychology Chapter 10
Instincts
Drive Reduction
Incentives
Homeostasis
complex behaviors that have fixed patterns
eating, drinking
food-deprived person who smells baking bread feels a strong h…
body's maintenance, right in the middle
Instincts
complex behaviors that have fixed patterns
Drive Reduction
eating, drinking
50 terms
Psych: Chapter 10 Social Psychology
social psychology
social influence
conformity
groupthink
~Book Definition: the scientific study of how a person's thou…
~Book Definition: the scientific study of how a person's thou…
~Book Definition: changing one's own behavior to match that o…
~Book Definition: kind of thinking that occurs when people pl…
social psychology
~Book Definition: the scientific study of how a person's thou…
social influence
~Book Definition: the scientific study of how a person's thou…
20 terms
Psychology chapter 10
Glucose
Obesity
Body mass index (BMI)
Set-point theory
a simple sugar that is an important source of energy
the condition of being overweight
an individuals weight (in kilograms) divided by height (in me…
proposes that the body monitors fat-cell levels to keep them…
Glucose
a simple sugar that is an important source of energy
Obesity
the condition of being overweight
162 terms
Psychology Chapter 10
personality
two key important factors of definitio…
psychodynamic theories
how are psychodynamic theories assessed
An individual's unique pattern of thoughts, feelings, and beh…
unique differences (distinguish someone form everyone else) a…
see behavior as the product of internal psychological forces…
projective tests and personal interviews
personality
An individual's unique pattern of thoughts, feelings, and beh…
two key important factors of definitio…
unique differences (distinguish someone form everyone else) a…
82 terms
Psychology Chapter 10
Developmental Psychology
Post Hoc Fallacy
Post Hoc Fallacy
True; Children's experiences influence…
study of how behavior changes over the lifespan
false assumption that because one event occurred before anoth…
"100% of serial killers drink milk, so if you drink milk you…
T or F... Developmental influences are bidirectional
Developmental Psychology
study of how behavior changes over the lifespan
Post Hoc Fallacy
false assumption that because one event occurred before anoth…
27 terms
Psychology Chapter 10
_____ emphasized the importance of unc…
The _____ theory of personality emphas…
The type of person who directs his ene…
The humanistic perspective fails to ap…
Rogers
social cognitive
extraversion
evil
_____ emphasized the importance of unc…
Rogers
The _____ theory of personality emphas…
social cognitive
18 terms
Psychology Chapter 10
egocentrism
abstract
attachment
self-esteem
the inability to see another person's point of view
not part of concrete existence; theoretical
the emotional ties that form between people
the value or worth that people attach to themselves
egocentrism
the inability to see another person's point of view
abstract
not part of concrete existence; theoretical
89 terms
Psychology Chapter 10
Developmental Psychology
Post Hoc Fallacy
Bidirectional Influences
Cohort Effects
•Is the study of lifelong often age-related processes of chan…
•Logical error where you assume that A causes B, just because…
•Human development is almost always a two-way street... •Childre…
•Sets of people who lived during one period can differ in som…
Developmental Psychology
•Is the study of lifelong often age-related processes of chan…
Post Hoc Fallacy
•Logical error where you assume that A causes B, just because…
55 terms
Psychology Chapter 10
intelligence
intelligence test
general intelligence (g)
What did kanazawa argue?
Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
A method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and c…
A general intelligence factor that, according to Spearman and…
General intelligence evolved in order to help ppl solve novel…
intelligence
Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
intelligence test
A method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and c…
28 terms
Psychology Chapter 10: Infancy and Childhood
developmental psychology
maturation
critical period
reflex
the branch of psychology that studies the physical, cognitive…
developmental changes that occur as a result of automatic, ge…
a stage or point in development during which a person or anim…
an automatic, unlearned response to a sensory stimulus
developmental psychology
the branch of psychology that studies the physical, cognitive…
maturation
developmental changes that occur as a result of automatic, ge…
22 terms
Understanding Psychology Chapter 10
Memory
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
The storage and retrieval of what has been learned or experie…
The transforming of information so the nervous system can pro…
The process by which information is maintained over a period…
The process of obtaining information that has been stored in…
Memory
The storage and retrieval of what has been learned or experie…
Encoding
The transforming of information so the nervous system can pro…
20 terms
General Psychology: Chapter 10
Motivation
Instincts
Drive
Need
force that moves people to behave, think and feel how they do
innate (unlearned) biological pattern of behavior that is ass…
aroused state that occurs because of a psychological need
deprivation that energizes the drive to eliminate or reduce t…
Motivation
force that moves people to behave, think and feel how they do
Instincts
innate (unlearned) biological pattern of behavior that is ass…
105 terms
Abnormal Psychology - chapter 10
Identify substances and abuse that hav…
Identify how much substance abuse has…
Know what helps determine what substan…
Define and identify examples of Psycho…
alcohol, cocaine,
in 1962 4 million people in the US had used marijuana, cocain…
...
...
Identify substances and abuse that hav…
alcohol, cocaine,
Identify how much substance abuse has…
in 1962 4 million people in the US had used marijuana, cocain…
27 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 10
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
27 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 10
all the mental activities associated w…
a mental grouping of similar objects,…
a mental image or best example of a ca…
a methodical, logical rule or procedur…
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
all the mental activities associated w…
cognition
a mental grouping of similar objects,…
concept
28 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 10 Bernstein
Cognitive Ability
Intelligence
Mental Age
Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale
The capacity to reason, remember, understand, solve problems,…
Personal attributes that center around skill at information p…
A score corresponding to the age level of the most-advanced i…
A test for determining a person's intelligence quotient, or IQ
Cognitive Ability
The capacity to reason, remember, understand, solve problems,…
Intelligence
Personal attributes that center around skill at information p…
26 terms
Chapter 10 Psychology
Which of the following correctly descr…
When confronted with stressful events,…
Motivational tension that activates be…
How often should you exercise?... a. At l…
Answer: D
Answer: A
Answer: A
Answer: A
Which of the following correctly descr…
Answer: D
When confronted with stressful events,…
Answer: A
Metzka- Psychology, Chapter 10
Introvert
Extrovert
Intuition (N)
Sensing (S)
Tend to be preoccupied with their own thoughts and feelings a…
An outgoing, overtly expressive person.
Paying the most attention to impressions of the meaning and p…
Paying attention to physical reality, what I see, hear, touch…
Introvert
Tend to be preoccupied with their own thoughts and feelings a…
Extrovert
An outgoing, overtly expressive person.
44 terms
Chapter 10 Personality, Psychology
personality
free association
psychoanalysis
unconscious
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
Freud's theory of personality and therapeutic technique that…
according to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable though…
personality
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
free association
in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
26 terms
Psychology - Chapter 10 - Intelligence
Intelligence
Intelligence Test
General Intelligence (g)
Factor Analysis
"Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from exper…
"A method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and…
"A general intelligence factor that, according to Spearman an…
"A statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related…
Intelligence
"Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from exper…
Intelligence Test
"A method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and…
24 terms
Psychology Chapter 10
Intelligence
General Intelligence
Savant Syndrome
Emotional Intelligence
The mental potential to learn from experience, solve problems…
A general intelligence factor that, according to Spearman and…
A condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental abi…
The ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions.
Intelligence
The mental potential to learn from experience, solve problems…
General Intelligence
A general intelligence factor that, according to Spearman and…
44 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 10
Free Association
Psychoanalysis
Id
Ego
In psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and ac…
A reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to…
The largely conscious, "executive" part of personality that,…
Free Association
In psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
Psychoanalysis
Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and ac…
22 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 10
intelligence test
intelligence
general intelligence (g)
factor analysis
a method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and c…
mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
a general intelligence factor that, according to Spearman and…
a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related i…
intelligence test
a method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and c…
intelligence
mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
32 terms
General Psychology 210 - Chapter 10
Personality
What shapes personality?
Characteristics that make up personali…
Hippocrates Humors
Psychological qualities that bring continuity to an individua…
Personality is shaped by the combined forces of biological, s…
-biology & evolution... -development... -nurture (environment) ... -so…
Four bodily fluids that, according to ancient theory, control…
Personality
Psychological qualities that bring continuity to an individua…
What shapes personality?
Personality is shaped by the combined forces of biological, s…
30 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 10
anorexia nervosa (360)
achievement goal theory (372)
approach approach conflict (374)
approach avoidance conflict (374)
intense fear of being fat and severely restrict their food in…
focuses on the manner in which success is defined both by the…
when we face 2 attractive alternatives and selecting one mean…
being attracted to and repelled by the same goal
anorexia nervosa (360)
intense fear of being fat and severely restrict their food in…
achievement goal theory (372)
focuses on the manner in which success is defined both by the…
44 terms
World of Psychology - Chapter 10
SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY...
PRIMACY EFFECT...
ATTRIBUTIONS...
SITUATIONAL ATTRIBUTIONS...
the study of the way actual, imagined or implied presence of…
the likelihood that an overall impression or judgment of anot…
Inferences about the cause of our own or anothers behaviour
attribution of a behaviour to some external cause or factor o…
SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY...
the study of the way actual, imagined or implied presence of…
PRIMACY EFFECT...
the likelihood that an overall impression or judgment of anot…
23 terms
Social Psychology: Chapter 10
aggression
assertiveness
indirect aggression
direct aggression
behavior intended to injure another
behavior intended to express dominance or confidence
behavior intended to hurt someone without face-to-face confro…
behavior intended to hurt someone to his or her face
aggression
behavior intended to injure another
assertiveness
behavior intended to express dominance or confidence
16 terms
Abnormal Psychology (Chapter 10)
Abnormal Psychology
DSM-V ( American Psychiatric Associati…
Biopsychosocial Approach
Classifications of a Disorder
Scientific study of mental disorders and their treatment.
- Brand New Revision... -20 major categories of disorders ... - Cri…
-Genetic in origin... - Thought and learning process... - social an…
Behavior/thoughts must be atypical, maladaptive, distressing,…
Abnormal Psychology
Scientific study of mental disorders and their treatment.
DSM-V ( American Psychiatric Associati…
- Brand New Revision... -20 major categories of disorders ... - Cri…
57 terms
Psychology Chapter 10
What is stress?
What is a stressor?
What is the life events approach?
What is the Social Readjustment Rating…
The physiological and psychological response to a condition t…
A stimulus or event capable of producing physical or emotiona…
The view that a person's state of well-being can be threatene…
Holmes and Rahe's measure of stress, which ranks 43 life eent…
What is stress?
The physiological and psychological response to a condition t…
What is a stressor?
A stimulus or event capable of producing physical or emotiona…
61 terms
Psychology Chapter 10
Puberty
Female Primary Sex Characteristics
Male Primary Sex Characteristics
Secondary Sex Characteristics
The period of psychological change that takes place in the se…
Vagina: the tube leading from the outside of the body to the…
Penis: the organ through which males urinate and while delive…
Develop during puberty and are only indirectly involved in hu…
Puberty
The period of psychological change that takes place in the se…
Female Primary Sex Characteristics
Vagina: the tube leading from the outside of the body to the…
46 terms
Psychology Chapter 10
Transition and Continuity
Development
Prenatal Period
Prenatal Stages
two themes that permeate human development
is the sequence of age-related changes that occur as a person…
extends from conception to birth, usually encompassing nine m…
1.) the germinal stage (first 2 weeks) 2.) the embryonic stag…
Transition and Continuity
two themes that permeate human development
Development
is the sequence of age-related changes that occur as a person…
54 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 10: Personality
personality
dispositionn
personality process
individualism
The psychological qualities that bring continuity to an indiv…
Relatively stable personality pattern, including temperaments…
The internal working of the personality involving motivation,…
The view, common in the Euro-American world, that places a hi…
personality
The psychological qualities that bring continuity to an indiv…
dispositionn
Relatively stable personality pattern, including temperaments…
21 terms
Chapter 10- Psychology
Sex
Gender
Gender Role
Sexual orientation
1) the biological category of male or females as defined by p…
the cultural, social, and psychological meaning that are asso…
the behavior, attitudes, and personality traits that are desi…
the direction of a person's emotional and erotic attraction t…
Sex
1) the biological category of male or females as defined by p…
Gender
the cultural, social, and psychological meaning that are asso…
28 terms
Psychology Chapter 10
Motivation
Extrinsic Motivation
Intrinsic Motivation
Self -Determined Theory
wants or needs that direct behavior toward some goal... causes…
motivation that arises from external factors or rewards... beha…
motivation based on internal feelings rather than external re…
is a theory of motivation that aims to explain individuals' g…
Motivation
wants or needs that direct behavior toward some goal... causes…
Extrinsic Motivation
motivation that arises from external factors or rewards... beha…
50 terms
AP psychology chapter 10
personality
psychoanalysis
psychoanalytic theory
unconscious
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
A set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a me…
A theory developed by Freud that attempts to explain personal…
according to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable though…
personality
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
psychoanalysis
A set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a me…
55 terms
AP Psychology Zimbardo Chapter 10
Personality (10.01)
Psychoanalysis (10.02)
Psychoanalytic Theory (10.03)
Unconscious (10.04)
The psychological qualities that bring continuity to an indiv…
Freud's system of treatment for mental disorders. The term is…
Freud's theory of personality.
In Freudian theory, this is the psychic domain of which the i…
Personality (10.01)
The psychological qualities that bring continuity to an indiv…
Psychoanalysis (10.02)
Freud's system of treatment for mental disorders. The term is…
74 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Karen Horney
Alfred Adler
Gordon Allport
Central Traits
Neo-Freudian, named parental indifference the true culprit be…
A Neo-Freudian, focused on parenting styles: also emphasized…
Believed a person's personality could be organized into three…
A general characteristic found in some degree in every person…
Karen Horney
Neo-Freudian, named parental indifference the true culprit be…
Alfred Adler
A Neo-Freudian, focused on parenting styles: also emphasized…
22 terms
Understanding Psychology: Chapter 10
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the input, storage, and retrieval of what has been learned or…
the transforming of information so the nervous system can pro…
the process by which information is maintained over a period…
the process of obtaining information that has been stored in…
memory
the input, storage, and retrieval of what has been learned or…
encoding
the transforming of information so the nervous system can pro…
31 terms
Psychology and You Chapter 10
Heredity
Environment
Nature/Nuture
Genes
Characteristics obtained directly fro the genes.
A person surroundings, which have an influence on a person's…
Contrasting views oh how we gain certain characteristics: nat…
Basic units of heredity.
Heredity
Characteristics obtained directly fro the genes.
Environment
A person surroundings, which have an influence on a person's…
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