# Study sets matching "psychology chapter 12 research"

Study sets

Diagrams

Classes

Users

Interaction effect

A "difference in differences"

Factorial design

Cell

- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in…

- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two indep…

- A design in which there are two or more independent variable…

A condition in an experiment, in a simple experiment, it can r…

Interaction effect

- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in…

A "difference in differences"

- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two indep…

In a quasi experiment make the effectiv…

In a quasi experiment the effectiveness…

A drought in California created the opp…

Which of these is not a method to maxim…

Selection validity

Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivalen…

External validity is the application to other places people or…

Replicate to study in a natural setting. This mall and externa…

In a quasi experiment make the effectiv…

Selection validity

In a quasi experiment the effectiveness…

Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivalen…

Interaction effect

A "difference in differences"

Factorial design

Cell

- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in…

- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two indep…

- A design in which there are two or more independent variable…

A condition in an experiment, in a simple experiment, it can r…

Interaction effect

- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in…

A "difference in differences"

- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two indep…

Interaction Effect

Factorial Design

Reasons for Adding a Second Variable

Participant Variable

whether the effect of the original independent variable depend…

is one in which there are two or more independent variables (a…

testing for theoretical interactions, establishing the general…

a variable whose levels are selected (measured) not manipulate…

Interaction Effect

whether the effect of the original independent variable depend…

Factorial Design

is one in which there are two or more independent variables (a…

interaction effect

factor design

cell

participant variable

a result from a factorial design, in which the difference in t…

one in which there are two or more independent variables.

a condition in an experiment; in a simple experiment. it can r…

a variable whose levels are selected (i.e., measured), not man…

interaction effect

a result from a factorial design, in which the difference in t…

factor design

one in which there are two or more independent variables.

factors

independent variables

factorial design

main effect

synonymous with IVs

stimuli or aspects of the environment that are directly manipu…

an experimental design with more than one IV

refers to the sole effect of one IV in a factorial design

factors

synonymous with IVs

independent variables

stimuli or aspects of the environment that are directly manipu…

3 Ways to Describe Results ...

Descriptive Research

Correlational Research

Experimental Research

1.Group percentages: for example 80% of females versus 50% of…

used to understand a phenomenon and develop possible hypothesi…

used to understand how variables are associated with each othe…

involves comparing two or more groups and allows the researche…

3 Ways to Describe Results ...

1.Group percentages: for example 80% of females versus 50% of…

Descriptive Research

used to understand a phenomenon and develop possible hypothesi…

Interaction Effect

Factorial Design

Reasons for Adding a Second Variable

Participant Variable

whether the effect of the original independent variable depend…

is one in which there are two or more independent variables (a…

testing for theoretical interactions, establishing the general…

a variable whose levels are selected (measured) not manipulate…

Interaction Effect

whether the effect of the original independent variable depend…

Factorial Design

is one in which there are two or more independent variables (a…

factorial designs

Why use a factorial design?

moderation

interaction

2+ IVs, must study every possible combo of the IVs... 2 main eff…

you can ask whether the effects of 1 IV/factor are limited to…

when the strength of the association between 2 variables is af…

a difference in differences

factorial designs

2+ IVs, must study every possible combo of the IVs... 2 main eff…

Why use a factorial design?

you can ask whether the effects of 1 IV/factor are limited to…

Interrupted time-series design

Multiple-baseline design

Nonequivalent control group design

Nonequivalent groups interrupted time-s…

a quasi-experiment in which people are measured repeatedly on…

a small-N design in which researchers stagger their introducti…

a quasiexperiment that has at least one treatment group and on…

a quasiexperiment that has at least one treatment group and on…

Interrupted time-series design

a quasi-experiment in which people are measured repeatedly on…

Multiple-baseline design

a small-N design in which researchers stagger their introducti…

Conceptual replication

Cultural psychology

Direct replication

Ecological validity

a replication study in which researchers examine the same rese…

a subdiscipline of psychology concerned with how cultural sett…

a replication study in which researchers repeat the original s…

the extent to which the tasks and manipulations of a study are…

Conceptual replication

a replication study in which researchers examine the same rese…

Cultural psychology

a subdiscipline of psychology concerned with how cultural sett…

Interaction effect

A "difference in differences"

Factorial design

Cell

- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in…

- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two indep…

- A design in which there are two or more independent variable…

A condition in an experiment, in a simple experiment, it can r…

Interaction effect

- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in…

A "difference in differences"

- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two indep…

Goal of NHST

Statistically Significant

non significant outcomes

statistical significance depends on

to determine whether mean differences across groups are expect…

Reject null hypothesis, IV had effect on DV

-fail to reject null ... -cannot make claim about IV

nature of variable in study ... internal validity

Goal of NHST

to determine whether mean differences across groups are expect…

Statistically Significant

Reject null hypothesis, IV had effect on DV

factorial design

simple effects tests

factorial designs

Interaction Effect

an experiment or quasi-experiment that includes more than one…

follow-up statistical tests ... Graphs are useful in determining…

test for the combined effect of multiple IV's

tests the effect of one independent variable at each level of…

factorial design

an experiment or quasi-experiment that includes more than one…

simple effects tests

follow-up statistical tests ... Graphs are useful in determining…

Interaction effect

A "difference in differences"

Factorial design

Cell

- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in…

- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two indep…

- A design in which there are two or more independent variable…

A condition in an experiment, in a simple experiment, it can r…

Interaction effect

- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in…

A "difference in differences"

- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two indep…

Interaction effect

A "difference in differences"

Factorial design

Cell

- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in…

- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two indep…

- A design in which there are two or more independent variable…

A condition in an experiment, in a simple experiment, it can r…

Interaction effect

- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in…

A "difference in differences"

- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two indep…

In a quasi experiment make the effectiv…

In a quasi experiment the effectiveness…

A drought in California created the opp…

Which of these is not a method to maxim…

Selection validity

Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivalen…

External validity is the application to other places people or…

Replicate to study in a natural setting. This mall and externa…

In a quasi experiment make the effectiv…

Selection validity

In a quasi experiment the effectiveness…

Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivalen…

interaction effect

factorial design

cell

participant variable

result from a factorial design, in which the difference in the…

a study in which there are two I=or more independent variables

condition in an experiment; a cell can represent the level of…

age, gender, or ethnicity whose levels are selected (measured)…

interaction effect

result from a factorial design, in which the difference in the…

factorial design

a study in which there are two I=or more independent variables

In a quasi experiment make the effectiv…

In a quasi experiment the effectiveness…

A drought in California created the opp…

Which of these is not a method to maxim…

Selection validity

Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivalen…

External validity is the application to other places people or…

Replicate to study in a natural setting. This mall and externa…

In a quasi experiment make the effectiv…

Selection validity

In a quasi experiment the effectiveness…

Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivalen…

Developmental Psychology

Nature-nurture issue

Behavioral geneticists

Cross-sectional research

Study of the patterns of growth and change that occur througho…

Degree to which environment and heredity influence behavior

Study the effects of heredity on behavior

Compares people of different ages at the same point in time

Developmental Psychology

Study of the patterns of growth and change that occur througho…

Nature-nurture issue

Degree to which environment and heredity influence behavior

What are Descriptive statistics used fo…

In frequency distributions, __________…

Data for a variable can be completely d…

Can the shape of a distribution can be…

used to summarize and describe quantitative data.

numeric values

the shape of the distribution, central tendency, and variabili…

with one tail longer than the other; it can also be unimodal w…

What are Descriptive statistics used fo…

used to summarize and describe quantitative data.

In frequency distributions, __________…

numeric values

What are the three basic ways to descri…

Example of Comparing group percentages?

What is a correlating individual score?

What is comparing group means?

-comparing group percentage... -correlating individual scores... -co…

male and female, if they like to travel or not... 80% female like…

-when you don't have distinct groups of people... -measured on tw…

-designed to compare the mean responses of participants in two…

What are the three basic ways to descri…

-comparing group percentage... -correlating individual scores... -co…

Example of Comparing group percentages?

male and female, if they like to travel or not... 80% female like…

Chapter 12

Cell

factorial design

interaction effect

...

A condition in an experiment; in a simple experiment, it can r…

A study in which there are two or more independent variables,…

A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in t…

Chapter 12

...

Cell

A condition in an experiment; in a simple experiment, it can r…

Bar Graph

Central Tendency

Correlation Coefficient

Criterion Variable

A visual presentation that uses bars to depict frequencies of…

A single number or value that describes the typical or central…

An index of how strongly two variables are related to each oth…

The variable/score that is predicted based upon an individual'…

Bar Graph

A visual presentation that uses bars to depict frequencies of…

Central Tendency

A single number or value that describes the typical or central…

When appraising the sampling of a study…

Sampling is the process of

Population

Target population is

Threats to internal and external validity and bias need to be…

selecting units in a population in a study

a well defined set that has specified properties ... -can be com…

-established by the population criteria, is the entire set of…

When appraising the sampling of a study…

Threats to internal and external validity and bias need to be…

Sampling is the process of

selecting units in a population in a study