# Study sets matching "psychology chapter 12 research"

Study sets

Diagrams

Classes

Users

Interaction effect

A "difference in differences"

Factorial design

Cell

- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in…

- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two indep…

- A design in which there are two or more independent variable…

A condition in an experiment, in a simple experiment, it can r…

Interaction effect

- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in…

A "difference in differences"

- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two indep…

Interaction effect

A "difference in differences"

Factorial design

Cell

- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in…

- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two indep…

- A design in which there are two or more independent variable…

A condition in an experiment, in a simple experiment, it can r…

Interaction effect

- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in…

A "difference in differences"

- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two indep…

interaction effect

factor design

cell

participant variable

a result from a factorial design, in which the difference in t…

one in which there are two or more independent variables.

a condition in an experiment; in a simple experiment. it can r…

a variable whose levels are selected (i.e., measured), not man…

interaction effect

a result from a factorial design, in which the difference in t…

factor design

one in which there are two or more independent variables.

Interaction Effect

Factorial Design

Reasons for Adding a Second Variable

Participant Variable

whether the effect of the original independent variable depend…

is one in which there are two or more independent variables (a…

testing for theoretical interactions, establishing the general…

a variable whose levels are selected (measured) not manipulate…

Interaction Effect

whether the effect of the original independent variable depend…

Factorial Design

is one in which there are two or more independent variables (a…

In a quasi experiment make the effectiv…

In a quasi experiment the effectiveness…

A drought in California created the opp…

Which of these is not a method to maxim…

Selection validity

Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivalen…

External validity is the application to other places people or…

Replicate to study in a natural setting. This mall and externa…

In a quasi experiment make the effectiv…

Selection validity

In a quasi experiment the effectiveness…

Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivalen…

factors

independent variables

factorial design

main effect

synonymous with IVs

stimuli or aspects of the environment that are directly manipu…

an experimental design with more than one IV

refers to the sole effect of one IV in a factorial design

factors

synonymous with IVs

independent variables

stimuli or aspects of the environment that are directly manipu…

Quasi-experiments

Nonequivalent control group design

Interrupted time-series design

Nonequivalent groups interrupted time-s…

Experimental situations where experimenter does not directly m…

A quasi-experimental study that that has at least one treatmen…

A quasi-experimental study that measures people repeatedly on…

Combines the nonequivalent control group design with the inter…

Quasi-experiments

Experimental situations where experimenter does not directly m…

Nonequivalent control group design

A quasi-experimental study that that has at least one treatmen…

Interaction effect

A "difference in differences"

Factorial design

Cell

- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in…

- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two indep…

- A design in which there are two or more independent variable…

A condition in an experiment, in a simple experiment, it can r…

Interaction effect

- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in…

A "difference in differences"

- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two indep…

Interaction Effect

Factorial Design

Reasons for Adding a Second Variable

Participant Variable

whether the effect of the original independent variable depend…

is one in which there are two or more independent variables (a…

testing for theoretical interactions, establishing the general…

a variable whose levels are selected (measured) not manipulate…

Interaction Effect

whether the effect of the original independent variable depend…

Factorial Design

is one in which there are two or more independent variables (a…

Interaction effect

A "difference in differences"

Factorial design

Cell

- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in…

- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two indep…

- A design in which there are two or more independent variable…

A condition in an experiment, in a simple experiment, it can r…

Interaction effect

- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in…

A "difference in differences"

- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two indep…

Conceptual replication

Cultural psychology

Direct replication

Ecological validity

a replication study in which researchers examine the same rese…

a subdiscipline of psychology concerned with how cultural sett…

a replication study in which researchers repeat the original s…

the extent to which the tasks and manipulations of a study are…

Conceptual replication

a replication study in which researchers examine the same rese…

Cultural psychology

a subdiscipline of psychology concerned with how cultural sett…

factorial design

simple effects tests

factorial designs

Interaction Effect

an experiment or quasi-experiment that includes more than one…

follow-up statistical tests ... Graphs are useful in determining…

test for the combined effect of multiple IV's

tests the effect of one independent variable at each level of…

factorial design

an experiment or quasi-experiment that includes more than one…

simple effects tests

follow-up statistical tests ... Graphs are useful in determining…

Goal of NHST

Statistically Significant

non significant outcomes

statistical significance depends on

to determine whether mean differences across groups are expect…

Reject null hypothesis, IV had effect on DV

-fail to reject null ... -cannot make claim about IV

nature of variable in study ... internal validity

Goal of NHST

to determine whether mean differences across groups are expect…

Statistically Significant

Reject null hypothesis, IV had effect on DV

Interrupted time-series design

Multiple-baseline design

Nonequivalent control group design

Nonequivalent groups interrupted time-s…

a quasi-experiment in which people are measured repeatedly on…

a small-N design in which researchers stagger their introducti…

a quasiexperiment that has at least one treatment group and on…

a quasiexperiment that has at least one treatment group and on…

Interrupted time-series design

a quasi-experiment in which people are measured repeatedly on…

Multiple-baseline design

a small-N design in which researchers stagger their introducti…

Developmental Psychology

Nature-nurture issue

Behavioral geneticists

Cross-sectional research

Study of the patterns of growth and change that occur througho…

Degree to which environment and heredity influence behavior

Study the effects of heredity on behavior

Compares people of different ages at the same point in time

Developmental Psychology

Study of the patterns of growth and change that occur througho…

Nature-nurture issue

Degree to which environment and heredity influence behavior

In a quasi experiment make the effectiv…

In a quasi experiment the effectiveness…

A drought in California created the opp…

Which of these is not a method to maxim…

Selection validity

Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivalen…

External validity is the application to other places people or…

Replicate to study in a natural setting. This mall and externa…

In a quasi experiment make the effectiv…

Selection validity

In a quasi experiment the effectiveness…

Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivalen…

Survey Research

Steps in Conducting Survey Research

Types of Survey Designs: ... *Cross-sectio…

Types of Survey Designs: Longitudinal D…

- Nonexperimental method using interviews or questionnaires to…

- Plan and design the survey research study (determine what is…

- collecting data in a single, brief time period... - typically f…

- collecting data from the same participants at more than one…

Survey Research

- Nonexperimental method using interviews or questionnaires to…

Steps in Conducting Survey Research

- Plan and design the survey research study (determine what is…

Chapter 12

Cell

factorial design

interaction effect

...

A condition in an experiment; in a simple experiment, it can r…

A study in which there are two or more independent variables,…

A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in t…

Chapter 12

...

Cell

A condition in an experiment; in a simple experiment, it can r…

3 Ways to Describe Results ...

Descriptive Research

Correlational Research

Experimental Research

1.Group percentages: for example 80% of females versus 50% of…

used to understand a phenomenon and develop possible hypothesi…

used to understand how variables are associated with each othe…

involves comparing two or more groups and allows the researche…

3 Ways to Describe Results ...

1.Group percentages: for example 80% of females versus 50% of…

Descriptive Research

used to understand a phenomenon and develop possible hypothesi…

Interaction Effect

Interaction Example

Crossover Interaction

Spreading Interaction

The effect of an additional independent variable and whether t…

Do you like hot foods or cold foods? Your preference probably…

When two independent variables interact and their measured var…

A graph of an interaction where the lines are not parallel, bu…

Interaction Effect

The effect of an additional independent variable and whether t…

Interaction Example

Do you like hot foods or cold foods? Your preference probably…

In a quasi experiment make the effectiv…

In a quasi experiment the effectiveness…

A drought in California created the opp…

Which of these is not a method to maxim…

Selection validity

Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivalen…

External validity is the application to other places people or…

Replicate to study in a natural setting. This mall and externa…

In a quasi experiment make the effectiv…

Selection validity

In a quasi experiment the effectiveness…

Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivalen…

What are the three basic ways to descri…

Example of Comparing group percentages?

What is a correlating individual score?

What is comparing group means?

-comparing group percentage... -correlating individual scores... -co…

male and female, if they like to travel or not... 80% female like…

-when you don't have distinct groups of people... -measured on tw…

-designed to compare the mean responses of participants in two…

What are the three basic ways to descri…

-comparing group percentage... -correlating individual scores... -co…

Example of Comparing group percentages?

male and female, if they like to travel or not... 80% female like…

What are Descriptive statistics used fo…

In frequency distributions, __________…

Data for a variable can be completely d…

Can the shape of a distribution can be…

used to summarize and describe quantitative data.

numeric values

the shape of the distribution, central tendency, and variabili…

with one tail longer than the other; it can also be unimodal w…

What are Descriptive statistics used fo…

used to summarize and describe quantitative data.

In frequency distributions, __________…

numeric values

survey research

what is survey research used for

steps in survey research

longitudinal studies

a non-experimental research method in which individuals are gi…

- to measure attitudes, activities, opinions, beliefs... - to tr…

1. plan and design the survey research study... 2. construct and…

a research study in which data are collected at multiple point…

survey research

a non-experimental research method in which individuals are gi…

what is survey research used for

- to measure attitudes, activities, opinions, beliefs... - to tr…

Factorial Design

Interaction Effect

Cells

Participant Variable

A study in which there are two or more independent variables (…

A result from a factorial design,in which the difference in th…

A condition in an experiment; in a simple experiment, it can r…

A variable such as age, gender, or ethnicity whose levels are…

Factorial Design

A study in which there are two or more independent variables (…

Interaction Effect

A result from a factorial design,in which the difference in th…