Study sets matching "psychology chapter 12 research"

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Study sets matching "psychology chapter 12 research"

6 terms
Research Psychology Chapter 12
interaction effect
factorial design
cell
participant variable
whether the effect of the original independent variable depen…
one in which there are two or more independent variables
overlay process that creates unique conditions
a variable whose levels are selected not manipulated
interaction effect
whether the effect of the original independent variable depen…
factorial design
one in which there are two or more independent variables
10 terms
Research Methods in Psychology, Chapter 12
Quasi-experiments
Nonequivalent control group design
Interrupted time-series design
Nonequivalent groups interrupted time-…
Experimental situations where experimenter does not directly…
A quasi-experimental study that that has at least one treatme…
A quasi-experimental study that measures people repeatedly on…
Combines the nonequivalent control group design with the inte…
Quasi-experiments
Experimental situations where experimenter does not directly…
Nonequivalent control group design
A quasi-experimental study that that has at least one treatme…
Research Methods in Psychology Chapter 12
Interaction Effect
Factorial Design
Reasons for Adding a Second Variable
Participant Variable
whether the effect of the original independent variable depen…
is one in which there are two or more independent variables (…
testing for theoretical interactions, establishing the genera…
a variable whose levels are selected (measured) not manipulat…
Interaction Effect
whether the effect of the original independent variable depen…
Factorial Design
is one in which there are two or more independent variables (…
14 terms
Research Methods in Psychology: Chapter 12
Naturalistic Observation
Participant observation
What happened in Festinger's study of…
Parent-Child interaction in a science…
Study behavior in natural environments
Investigator is involved in the group being observed, and the…
The end of the world was predicted ... Festinger observed as a p…
Looking at genders of children actively being encouraged by p…
Naturalistic Observation
Study behavior in natural environments
Participant observation
Investigator is involved in the group being observed, and the…
6 terms
Research Methods in Psychology Chapter 12
Interaction effect
Factorial design
Cell
Participant variable
whether the effect of the original independent variable depen…
Used when testing for interactions; a design in which there a…
Unique conditions created when crossing two independent varia…
A variable whose levels are selected (i.e., measured), not ma…
Interaction effect
whether the effect of the original independent variable depen…
Factorial design
Used when testing for interactions; a design in which there a…
15 terms
Research Methods in Psychology Chapter 12
Interaction Effect
Factorial Design
Reasons for Adding a Second Variable
Participant Variable
whether the effect of the original independent variable depen…
is one in which there are two or more independent variables (…
testing for theoretical interactions, establishing the genera…
a variable whose levels are selected (measured) not manipulat…
Interaction Effect
whether the effect of the original independent variable depen…
Factorial Design
is one in which there are two or more independent variables (…
10 terms
Research Methods in Psychology, Chapter 12
Quasi-experiments
Nonequivalent control group design
Interrupted time-series design
Nonequivalent groups interrupted time-…
Experimental situations where experimenter does not directly…
A quasi-experimental study that that has at least one treatme…
A quasi-experimental study that measures people repeatedly on…
Combines the nonequivalent control group design with the inte…
Quasi-experiments
Experimental situations where experimenter does not directly…
Nonequivalent control group design
A quasi-experimental study that that has at least one treatme…
Research Methods in Psychology: Chapter 12
Interaction effect
A "difference in differences"
Factorial design
Cell
- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference i…
- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two inde…
- A design in which there are two or more independent variabl…
A condition in an experiment, in a simple experiment, it can…
Interaction effect
- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference i…
A "difference in differences"
- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two inde…
23 terms
Research methods in Psychology chapter 12
In a quasi experiment make the effecti…
In a quasi experiment the effectivenes…
A drought in California created the op…
Which of these is not a method to maxi…
Selection validity
Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivale…
External validity is the application to other places people o…
Replicate to study in a natural setting. This mall and extern…
In a quasi experiment make the effecti…
Selection validity
In a quasi experiment the effectivenes…
Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivale…
23 terms
Research methods in Psychology chapter 12
In a quasi experiment make the effecti…
In a quasi experiment the effectivenes…
A drought in California created the op…
Which of these is not a method to maxi…
Selection validity
Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivale…
External validity is the application to other places people o…
Replicate to study in a natural setting. This mall and extern…
In a quasi experiment make the effecti…
Selection validity
In a quasi experiment the effectivenes…
Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivale…
17 terms
Principles of Psychological Research Chapter 12
Interaction Effect
Interaction Example
Crossover Interaction
Spreading Interaction
The effect of an additional independent variable and whether…
Do you like hot foods or cold foods? Your preference probably…
When two independent variables interact and their measured va…
A graph of an interaction where the lines are not parallel, b…
Interaction Effect
The effect of an additional independent variable and whether…
Interaction Example
Do you like hot foods or cold foods? Your preference probably…
15 terms
Research Methods in Psychology Chapter 12
Interaction Effect
Factorial Design
Reasons for Adding a Second Variable
Participant Variable
whether the effect of the original independent variable depen…
is one in which there are two or more independent variables (…
testing for theoretical interactions, establishing the genera…
a variable whose levels are selected (measured) not manipulat…
Interaction Effect
whether the effect of the original independent variable depen…
Factorial Design
is one in which there are two or more independent variables (…
70 terms
Research methods in Psychology chapter 12, Research Methods Chapter 12, Chapter 12 - Research Methods
In a quasi experiment make the effecti…
In a quasi experiment the effectivenes…
A drought in California created the op…
Which of these is not a method to maxi…
Selection validity
Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivale…
External validity is the application to other places people o…
Replicate to study in a natural setting. This mall and extern…
In a quasi experiment make the effecti…
Selection validity
In a quasi experiment the effectivenes…
Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivale…
43 terms
Psyc Research: Chapter 12
Survey Research
Steps in Conducting Survey Research
Types of Survey Designs: ... *Cross-secti…
Types of Survey Designs: Longitudinal…
- Nonexperimental method using interviews or questionnaires t…
- Plan and design the survey research study (determine what i…
- collecting data in a single, brief time period... - typically…
- collecting data from the same participants at more than one…
Survey Research
- Nonexperimental method using interviews or questionnaires t…
Steps in Conducting Survey Research
- Plan and design the survey research study (determine what i…
17 terms
Research Chapter 12
Bracketing
Category
Coding
Confirmability
Identification of any previous knowledge, ideas, or beliefs a…
Type of concept that is usually used for a higher level of ab…
Process by which data are conceptualized
Method used to establish the scientific rigor of phenomenolog…
Bracketing
Identification of any previous knowledge, ideas, or beliefs a…
Category
Type of concept that is usually used for a higher level of ab…
46 terms
Research Chapter 12
What are Descriptive statistics used f…
In frequency distributions, __________…
Data for a variable can be completely…
Can the shape of a distribution can be…
used to summarize and describe quantitative data.
numeric values
the shape of the distribution, central tendency, and variabil…
with one tail longer than the other; it can also be unimodal…
What are Descriptive statistics used f…
used to summarize and describe quantitative data.
In frequency distributions, __________…
numeric values
41 terms
Psychology Chapter 12: Theory's, Research, and Assessment
Personality Trait
Factor Analysis
Psychodynamic Theories
ID
A durable disposition to behave in a particular way in a vari…
Correlations among many variables are analyzed to identify cl…
All the diverse theories descended from the work of Sigmund F…
The primitive, instinctual component of personality that oper…
Personality Trait
A durable disposition to behave in a particular way in a vari…
Factor Analysis
Correlations among many variables are analyzed to identify cl…
21 terms
Chapter 12 - Practical Research
Mixed-methods research:
T/F: On average, a mixed-methods resea…
Convergent Design:
Embedded Design:
- Both qualitative and quantitative data... - Integrating conclu…
False, it requires more time.
Collecting both quantitative and qualitative data in a parall…
- Both quantitative and qualitative data are collected within…
Mixed-methods research:
- Both qualitative and quantitative data... - Integrating conclu…
T/F: On average, a mixed-methods resea…
False, it requires more time.
29 terms
Psychology 121 Chapter 12: Understanding Research Results: Description and Correlation
Bar Graph
Central Tendency
Correlation Coefficient
Criterion Variable
A visual presentation that uses bars to depict frequencies of…
A single number or value that describes the typical or centra…
An index of how strongly two variables are related to each ot…
The variable/score that is predicted based upon an individual…
Bar Graph
A visual presentation that uses bars to depict frequencies of…
Central Tendency
A single number or value that describes the typical or centra…
14 terms
Research Methods in Psychology Ch 12
interaction effect
factorial design
cells
participant variable
the effect of an additional independent variable. ... A result f…
There are two or more independent variables. ... A study in whic…
A condition in an experiment; in a simple experiment, it can…
A variable whose levels are selected (i.e. measured), not man…
interaction effect
the effect of an additional independent variable. ... A result f…
factorial design
There are two or more independent variables. ... A study in whic…
12 terms
Research Chapter 12
Which statistic is often used for norm…
What level of measurement is most ofte…
Which inferential procedure is appropr…
Inferential statistics are used to dec…
Chi-square
Nominal
Chi-square
Independent variable.
Which statistic is often used for norm…
Chi-square
What level of measurement is most ofte…
Nominal
31 terms
Research Chapter 12
When appraising the sampling of a stud…
Sampling is the process of
Population
Target population is
Threats to internal and external validity and bias need to be…
selecting units in a population in a study
a well defined set that has specified properties ... -can be co…
-established by the population criteria, is the entire set of…
When appraising the sampling of a stud…
Threats to internal and external validity and bias need to be…
Sampling is the process of
selecting units in a population in a study
20 terms
Psych research: Chapter 12
The levels of nominal scale variables…
In many experiments, the independent v…
Which of the following is a ratio-scal…
A __________ of exam scores reveals ho…
C) different categories or groups
A) nominal
C) weight
D) frequency distribution
The levels of nominal scale variables…
C) different categories or groups
In many experiments, the independent v…
A) nominal
27 terms
Psychology - Chapter 12 Abnormal Psychology
mental illness
behaviorist
Freudian psycho-dynamic
humanist
a disorder that affects a person's thoughts, emotions, and be…
B.F. Skinner... Albert Bandura... Behavior is personality; determin…
abnormal behavior explained by unconscious psychic conflicts
Maslow... explain that mental illness developed by circumstances…
mental illness
a disorder that affects a person's thoughts, emotions, and be…
behaviorist
B.F. Skinner... Albert Bandura... Behavior is personality; determin…
6 terms
chapter 12 key terms- research psych
interaction effect
factorial design
cell
participant variable
whether the effect of the original independent variable (ex;…
is one which there are two or more independent variables (als…
a condition in an experiment; in a simple experiment, it can…
variable whose levels are selected (measured), not manipulated
interaction effect
whether the effect of the original independent variable (ex;…
factorial design
is one which there are two or more independent variables (als…
Psychology Chapter 12: Personality
personaility
nature
Psychoanalytic
Humanistic
Internally based characteristic way of thinking and acting ... T…
Where does personality come from?... Hippo campus a bodily fluid…
________Perspective... ▫ Exploring the Unconscious... ▫ The develop…
________Perspective... Abraham Maslow's Self-Actualizing Person…
personaility
Internally based characteristic way of thinking and acting ... T…
nature
Where does personality come from?... Hippo campus a bodily fluid…
Research Methods Chapter 12
Interaction Effect
Factorial Design
Cell
Participant Variable
A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in…
A study in which there are two or more independent variables,…
A condition in an experiment; in a simple experiment, it can…
A variable such as age, gender, or ethnicity whose levels are…
Interaction Effect
A result from a factorial design, in which the difference in…
Factorial Design
A study in which there are two or more independent variables,…
14 terms
Research and Design Chapter 12
survey research
cross sectional study
longitudual study
panel studies
nonexperimental research method relying on questionares or in…
data are collected during a single, brief time period
data are collected at two or more points in time
longitudinal study where data are collected fromthe same indi…
survey research
nonexperimental research method relying on questionares or in…
cross sectional study
data are collected during a single, brief time period
20 terms
Chapter 12: Researching, Supporting, and Outlining your Research
Boolean search
Cause-and-effect order
Chronological, or time, order
Configural formats
A keyword search
An organizational format that categorizes a topic according t…
an organizational format that develops an idea using a time o…
Organizational patters that are indirect and inexplicit
Boolean search
A keyword search
Cause-and-effect order
An organizational format that categorizes a topic according t…
Research Methods chapter 12
Evaluation research
Needs assessment
Cost-benefit offset
Monitoring
Research undertaking for the purpose of determining the impac…
Aim to determine the existence and extent of problems typical…
Studies that determine whether the results of a program can b…
Studies that provide a steady flow of information about somet…
Evaluation research
Research undertaking for the purpose of determining the impac…
Needs assessment
Aim to determine the existence and extent of problems typical…
14 terms
Research Methods Chapter 12
assent
belmont report
confidentiality
ethics
affirmative agreement of participation in research by a child…
published in 1979 following gross scientific misconduct in th…
the manner in which the personal information gained through p…
the establishment of a set of guidelines for morally acceptab…
assent
affirmative agreement of participation in research by a child…
belmont report
published in 1979 following gross scientific misconduct in th…
6 terms
Research Methods Chapter 12
Interaction effect
Factorial Design
Cell
Participant Variable
Result from a factorial design, in which the difference in th…
A study in which there are two or more independent variables,…
Represent the level of one independent variable
Variable such as age, gender, or ethnicity, whose levels are…
Interaction effect
Result from a factorial design, in which the difference in th…
Factorial Design
A study in which there are two or more independent variables,…
Bueiness Research Methods Chapter 12
Attitude
Belief
Hypothetical Constructs
Scaling
A learned, stable predisposition to respond to oneself, other…
An estimate (probability) about the truth of something.
Construct inferred only from data; its presumption must be te…
The assignment of numbers or symbols to an indicant of a prop…
Attitude
A learned, stable predisposition to respond to oneself, other…
Belief
An estimate (probability) about the truth of something.
23 terms
Chapter 12 Healthcare Research
Measurement
Reliability
Validity
Ordinal measures
the process of specifying and operationalizing a given concept.
the ability to repeat research and replicate findings, which…
the extent to which it actually assesses what it purports to…
those indicators or variables whose attributes may be logical…
Measurement
the process of specifying and operationalizing a given concept.
Reliability
the ability to repeat research and replicate findings, which…
8 terms
Chapter 12: Evaluation Research
Evaluation research
Need assessment studies
Cost-benefit studies
Monitoring studies
undertaken for the purpose of determining the impact of some…
aims to determine the existence and extent of problems, typic…
determine whether the results of a program can be justified b…
Provide a steady flow of information about something of inter…
Evaluation research
undertaken for the purpose of determining the impact of some…
Need assessment studies
aims to determine the existence and extent of problems, typic…
Research Methods in Psychology Chapter 12: Experiments with More than 1 IV
Interaction Effects
Types of Interactions (2)
Factorial Design
Participant Variables
- Definition: whether the effect of the original IV depends o…
1) Crossover interaction (X)... 2) Spreading interaction (L)
- Definition: there are 2 or more IV's and are able to test f…
- Definition: a variable whose levels are selected, not manip…
Interaction Effects
- Definition: whether the effect of the original IV depends o…
Types of Interactions (2)
1) Crossover interaction (X)... 2) Spreading interaction (L)
43 terms
COMM research Chapter 12
Social Experiments
Experiments
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Putting people in situation and testing to see what their to…
good to determine cause and effect (causation)
Is manipulated to effect the dependent variable (the cause)
The effect
Social Experiments
Putting people in situation and testing to see what their to…
Experiments
good to determine cause and effect (causation)
Chapter 12 Research
Interaction effect
Factorial design
Participant variable
Testing for moderators
Whether effect of original independent bariable dependenon le…
2 or more independent variables crossed by studying each poss…
Levels are selected, not manipulated. Ex: age, gender, ethnic…
Process of using a factorial design to test limits
Interaction effect
Whether effect of original independent bariable dependenon le…
Factorial design
2 or more independent variables crossed by studying each poss…
15 terms
Chapter 12 Vocabulary - Research
Twenty Second Amendment
Twenty Fifth Amendment
Impeachment
Watergate
It's a limit for election, effectively limit to two the numbe…
It's a deals with succession to the presidency of Vice Presid…
It's charge something with doing something wrong.
It's a political scandal of Democratic Party led to resignati…
Twenty Second Amendment
It's a limit for election, effectively limit to two the numbe…
Twenty Fifth Amendment
It's a deals with succession to the presidency of Vice Presid…
41 terms
Chapter 12 Research
Personality
Trait
Raymond Catell
Gordon Allport
Unique set of traits; essence of a person
a disposition to act in a certain way, characteristic
used factor analysis to reduce the thousands of traits used t…
discovered 4500 different traits
Personality
Unique set of traits; essence of a person
Trait
a disposition to act in a certain way, characteristic
42 terms
research chapter 12
descriptive statistics
parameters
statistic
inferential statistics
used to synthesize and describe data.
when indexes such as averages and percentages are calculated…
descriptive index from a sample
statistics that permit inferences about whether results obser…
descriptive statistics
used to synthesize and describe data.
parameters
when indexes such as averages and percentages are calculated…
Research chapter 12
statistical analysis uses 2 kinds of s…
descriptive
inferential
descriptive indexes:... parameter
descriptive statistics... inferential stastistics
used to describe and synthesize data
used to make inferences about the population based on sample…
the descriptor for a population (e.g. the average age of mens…
statistical analysis uses 2 kinds of s…
descriptive statistics... inferential stastistics
descriptive
used to describe and synthesize data
Research and Design Chapter 12.
convergent designs
embedded designs
exploratory designs
explanatory designs
researcher collects both quantitative and qualitative data in…
similar to convergent, in that both quantitative and qualitat…
encompass two phases: one ore more qualitative methods to get…
usually two-phase processes that have quantitative first
convergent designs
researcher collects both quantitative and qualitative data in…
embedded designs
similar to convergent, in that both quantitative and qualitat…
40 terms
Chapter 12: Research Methods
Four primary goals of scientific resea…
Steps on how scientists solve problems
Operational definition
Construct
description-what happens, when and where... explanation-why is h…
1. identify and define the problem/issue... 2. gather informatio…
how to measure or test a specific phenomenon
abstract concept that is not directly measurable or tangible…
Four primary goals of scientific resea…
description-what happens, when and where... explanation-why is h…
Steps on how scientists solve problems
1. identify and define the problem/issue... 2. gather informatio…
Psychology Chapter 12
Alzheimer's Disease
Empty-nest Syndrome
Mortality
Eulogy
progressive form of mental deterioration
feelings of emptiness after children have left home
inevitable death
speech praising person who has just died
Alzheimer's Disease
progressive form of mental deterioration
Empty-nest Syndrome
feelings of emptiness after children have left home
31 terms
Research Methods Chapter 12
Behavior checklists
Biased sample
Closed question
Cluster sample
lists of behaviors with predefined operational definitions th…
a sample that is not representative of the population
a type of question found on surveys that can be answered yes…
a probability sample that randomly selects clusters of people…
Behavior checklists
lists of behaviors with predefined operational definitions th…
Biased sample
a sample that is not representative of the population
54 terms
research chapter 12 vocabulary
Absolute risk (AR)
Absolute risk reduction (ARR)
Alpha (α)
Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA)
the proportion of people in a group who experienced an undesi…
the difference between the absolute risk in one group (e.g.,…
(1) in test of statistical significance, the significance cri…
a statistical procedure for testing mean differences among th…
Absolute risk (AR)
the proportion of people in a group who experienced an undesi…
Absolute risk reduction (ARR)
the difference between the absolute risk in one group (e.g.,…
Chapter 12: Evaluation Research
Evaluation Research definition
what are issues of measurement?
what is the benefit of using old measu…
operationalizing success/failure
undertaken for the purpose of determining the impact of some…
measuring experimental context: account for outside variables…
useful to compare with, have some idea about their reliabilit…
should be decided on beforehand, how to measure "success"
Evaluation Research definition
undertaken for the purpose of determining the impact of some…
what are issues of measurement?
measuring experimental context: account for outside variables…
Nursing Research Chapter 12
Population
Target population
Accesible population
Sampling
entire aggregation of cases that meet specified criteria
the entire population in which the researcher is interested
comprises cases from the target population that are accessibl…
process of selecting a portion of the population to represent…
Population
entire aggregation of cases that meet specified criteria
Target population
the entire population in which the researcher is interested
36 terms
Psychology Chapter 12
personality
unconscious
free association
psychoanalysis
An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
According to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable though…
In psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and ac…
personality
An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
unconscious
According to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable though…
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