#### Study sets matching "psychology chapter 12 research"

#### Study sets matching "psychology chapter 12 research"

interaction effect

factorial design

cell

participant variable

whether the effect of the original independent variable depen…

one in which there are two or more independent variables

overlay process that creates unique conditions

a variable whose levels are selected not manipulated

interaction effect

whether the effect of the original independent variable depen…

factorial design

one in which there are two or more independent variables

Quasi-experiments

Nonequivalent control group design

Interrupted time-series design

Nonequivalent groups interrupted time-…

Experimental situations where experimenter does not directly…

A quasi-experimental study that that has at least one treatme…

A quasi-experimental study that measures people repeatedly on…

Combines the nonequivalent control group design with the inte…

Quasi-experiments

Experimental situations where experimenter does not directly…

Nonequivalent control group design

A quasi-experimental study that that has at least one treatme…

Interaction Effect

Factorial Design

Reasons for Adding a Second Variable

Participant Variable

whether the effect of the original independent variable depen…

is one in which there are two or more independent variables (…

testing for theoretical interactions, establishing the genera…

a variable whose levels are selected (measured) not manipulat…

Interaction Effect

whether the effect of the original independent variable depen…

Factorial Design

is one in which there are two or more independent variables (…

Naturalistic Observation

Participant observation

What happened in Festinger's study of…

Parent-Child interaction in a science…

Study behavior in natural environments

Investigator is involved in the group being observed, and the…

The end of the world was predicted ... Festinger observed as a p…

Looking at genders of children actively being encouraged by p…

Naturalistic Observation

Study behavior in natural environments

Participant observation

Investigator is involved in the group being observed, and the…

Interaction effect

Factorial design

Cell

Participant variable

whether the effect of the original independent variable depen…

Used when testing for interactions; a design in which there a…

Unique conditions created when crossing two independent varia…

A variable whose levels are selected (i.e., measured), not ma…

Interaction effect

whether the effect of the original independent variable depen…

Factorial design

Used when testing for interactions; a design in which there a…

Interaction Effect

Factorial Design

Reasons for Adding a Second Variable

Participant Variable

whether the effect of the original independent variable depen…

is one in which there are two or more independent variables (…

testing for theoretical interactions, establishing the genera…

a variable whose levels are selected (measured) not manipulat…

Interaction Effect

whether the effect of the original independent variable depen…

Factorial Design

is one in which there are two or more independent variables (…

Quasi-experiments

Nonequivalent control group design

Interrupted time-series design

Nonequivalent groups interrupted time-…

Experimental situations where experimenter does not directly…

A quasi-experimental study that that has at least one treatme…

A quasi-experimental study that measures people repeatedly on…

Combines the nonequivalent control group design with the inte…

Quasi-experiments

Experimental situations where experimenter does not directly…

Nonequivalent control group design

A quasi-experimental study that that has at least one treatme…

Interaction effect

A "difference in differences"

Factorial design

Cell

- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference i…

- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two inde…

- A design in which there are two or more independent variabl…

A condition in an experiment, in a simple experiment, it can…

Interaction effect

- A result from a factorial design, in which the difference i…

A "difference in differences"

- The mathematical way to describe an interaction of two inde…

In a quasi experiment make the effecti…

In a quasi experiment the effectivenes…

A drought in California created the op…

Which of these is not a method to maxi…

Selection validity

Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivale…

External validity is the application to other places people o…

Replicate to study in a natural setting. This mall and extern…

In a quasi experiment make the effecti…

Selection validity

In a quasi experiment the effectivenes…

Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivale…

In a quasi experiment make the effecti…

In a quasi experiment the effectivenes…

A drought in California created the op…

Which of these is not a method to maxi…

Selection validity

Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivale…

External validity is the application to other places people o…

Replicate to study in a natural setting. This mall and extern…

In a quasi experiment make the effecti…

Selection validity

In a quasi experiment the effectivenes…

Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivale…

Interaction Effect

Interaction Example

Crossover Interaction

Spreading Interaction

The effect of an additional independent variable and whether…

Do you like hot foods or cold foods? Your preference probably…

When two independent variables interact and their measured va…

A graph of an interaction where the lines are not parallel, b…

Interaction Effect

The effect of an additional independent variable and whether…

Interaction Example

Do you like hot foods or cold foods? Your preference probably…

Interaction Effect

Factorial Design

Reasons for Adding a Second Variable

Participant Variable

whether the effect of the original independent variable depen…

is one in which there are two or more independent variables (…

testing for theoretical interactions, establishing the genera…

a variable whose levels are selected (measured) not manipulat…

Interaction Effect

whether the effect of the original independent variable depen…

Factorial Design

is one in which there are two or more independent variables (…

In a quasi experiment make the effecti…

In a quasi experiment the effectivenes…

A drought in California created the op…

Which of these is not a method to maxi…

Selection validity

Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivale…

External validity is the application to other places people o…

Replicate to study in a natural setting. This mall and extern…

In a quasi experiment make the effecti…

Selection validity

In a quasi experiment the effectivenes…

Nonequivalent control group the control group is not equivale…

Survey Research

Steps in Conducting Survey Research

Types of Survey Designs: ... *Cross-secti…

Types of Survey Designs: Longitudinal…

- Nonexperimental method using interviews or questionnaires t…

- Plan and design the survey research study (determine what i…

- collecting data in a single, brief time period... - typically…

- collecting data from the same participants at more than one…

Survey Research

- Nonexperimental method using interviews or questionnaires t…

Steps in Conducting Survey Research

- Plan and design the survey research study (determine what i…

Bracketing

Category

Coding

Confirmability

Identification of any previous knowledge, ideas, or beliefs a…

Type of concept that is usually used for a higher level of ab…

Process by which data are conceptualized

Method used to establish the scientific rigor of phenomenolog…

Bracketing

Identification of any previous knowledge, ideas, or beliefs a…

Category

Type of concept that is usually used for a higher level of ab…

What are Descriptive statistics used f…

In frequency distributions, __________…

Data for a variable can be completely…

Can the shape of a distribution can be…

used to summarize and describe quantitative data.

numeric values

the shape of the distribution, central tendency, and variabil…

with one tail longer than the other; it can also be unimodal…

What are Descriptive statistics used f…

used to summarize and describe quantitative data.

In frequency distributions, __________…

numeric values

Personality Trait

Factor Analysis

Psychodynamic Theories

ID

A durable disposition to behave in a particular way in a vari…

Correlations among many variables are analyzed to identify cl…

All the diverse theories descended from the work of Sigmund F…

The primitive, instinctual component of personality that oper…

Personality Trait

A durable disposition to behave in a particular way in a vari…

Factor Analysis

Correlations among many variables are analyzed to identify cl…

Mixed-methods research:

T/F: On average, a mixed-methods resea…

Convergent Design:

Embedded Design:

- Both qualitative and quantitative data... - Integrating conclu…

False, it requires more time.

Collecting both quantitative and qualitative data in a parall…

- Both quantitative and qualitative data are collected within…

Mixed-methods research:

- Both qualitative and quantitative data... - Integrating conclu…

T/F: On average, a mixed-methods resea…

False, it requires more time.

Population

Target population

Accesible population

Sampling

entire aggregation of cases that meet specified criteria

the entire population in which the researcher is interested

comprises cases from the target population that are accessibl…

process of selecting a portion of the population to represent…

Population

entire aggregation of cases that meet specified criteria

Target population

the entire population in which the researcher is interested

Bar Graph

Central Tendency

Correlation Coefficient

Criterion Variable

A visual presentation that uses bars to depict frequencies of…

A single number or value that describes the typical or centra…

An index of how strongly two variables are related to each ot…

The variable/score that is predicted based upon an individual…

Bar Graph

A visual presentation that uses bars to depict frequencies of…

Central Tendency

A single number or value that describes the typical or centra…

interaction effect

factorial design

cells

participant variable

the effect of an additional independent variable. ... A result f…

There are two or more independent variables. ... A study in whic…

A condition in an experiment; in a simple experiment, it can…

A variable whose levels are selected (i.e. measured), not man…

interaction effect

the effect of an additional independent variable. ... A result f…

factorial design

There are two or more independent variables. ... A study in whic…

Which statistic is often used for norm…

What level of measurement is most ofte…

Which inferential procedure is appropr…

Inferential statistics are used to dec…

Chi-square

Nominal

Chi-square

Independent variable.

Which statistic is often used for norm…

Chi-square

What level of measurement is most ofte…

Nominal

When appraising the sampling of a stud…

Sampling is the process of

Population

Target population is

Threats to internal and external validity and bias need to be…

selecting units in a population in a study

a well defined set that has specified properties ... -can be co…

-established by the population criteria, is the entire set of…

When appraising the sampling of a stud…

Threats to internal and external validity and bias need to be…

Sampling is the process of

selecting units in a population in a study

The levels of nominal scale variables…

In many experiments, the independent v…

Which of the following is a ratio-scal…

A __________ of exam scores reveals ho…

C) different categories or groups

A) nominal

C) weight

D) frequency distribution

The levels of nominal scale variables…

C) different categories or groups

In many experiments, the independent v…

A) nominal

mental illness

behaviorist

Freudian psycho-dynamic

humanist

a disorder that affects a person's thoughts, emotions, and be…

B.F. Skinner... Albert Bandura... Behavior is personality; determin…

abnormal behavior explained by unconscious psychic conflicts

Maslow... explain that mental illness developed by circumstances…

mental illness

a disorder that affects a person's thoughts, emotions, and be…

behaviorist

B.F. Skinner... Albert Bandura... Behavior is personality; determin…