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Study sets matching "psychology chapter 14"

57 terms
Chapter 14 (Social Psychology)
Social Psychology
Social Cognition
Attitude
False-Consensus Effect
The study of the ways in which humans use thoughts, perceptio…
How we think about and try to understand the social world.... -A…
Predispositions or tendencies to act; How we "think and feel"…
The tendency for people to overestimate the extent to which o…
Social Psychology
The study of the ways in which humans use thoughts, perceptio…
Social Cognition
How we think about and try to understand the social world.... -A…
Psychology Review Chapter 14
personality
Sigmund Freud Psychoanalytic Perspective
Oral (0-18 m.)
Anal (18-36m.) (2)
- an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling…
- childhoodsexual, unconscious motivations
- pleasure centers on the mouth... - ex:) sucking, biting, chewing
- pleasure focuses on bowel & bladder elimination... - coping w/…
personality
- an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling…
Sigmund Freud Psychoanalytic Perspective
- childhoodsexual, unconscious motivations
30 terms
Psychology Chapter 14
Personality
unconscious
id
ego
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
The part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
The part of the unconscious personality that contains our nee…
The part of the personality that is in touch with reality and…
Personality
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
unconscious
The part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
50 terms
Understanding Psychology Chapter 14
personality
unconscious
id
ego
the consistent, enduring and unique characteristics of a person
the part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
the part of the unconscious personality that contains our nee…
the part of the personality that is in touch with reality and…
personality
the consistent, enduring and unique characteristics of a person
unconscious
the part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
49 terms
Psychology - Chapter 14 Vocabulary
psychopathology
situational context
subjective discomfort
maladaptive
the study of abnormal behavior and psychological dysfunction.
the social or environmental setting of a person's behavior.
emotional distress or emotional pain.
anything that does not allow a person to function within or a…
psychopathology
the study of abnormal behavior and psychological dysfunction.
situational context
the social or environmental setting of a person's behavior.
25 terms
Understanding Psychology (Chapter 14)
Personality
Unconscious
Id
Ego
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
The part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
The part of the unconscious personality that contains our nee…
The part of the personality that is in touch with reality and…
Personality
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
Unconscious
The part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
32 terms
Chapter 14 Psychology Terms
personality
psychodynamic theories
psychoanalysis
unconscious
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
view personality with a focus on the unconscious and the impo…
Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and ac…
according to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable though…
personality
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
psychodynamic theories
view personality with a focus on the unconscious and the impo…
35 terms
Psychology Chapter 14
Health Psychology
Biopsychosocial Model
Theory of reasoned action
Stages of change model
emphasizes psychology's role in establishing and maintaining…
health psychology is broken down into ... Biology... Psychology... Soc…
1. specific intentions about the behavioral change... 2. positiv…
the process by which individuals give up bad habits and adopt…
Health Psychology
emphasizes psychology's role in establishing and maintaining…
Biopsychosocial Model
health psychology is broken down into ... Biology... Psychology... Soc…
33 terms
Psychology and You: Chapter 14
personality
psychoanalytic theory
unconscious
free association
a person's broad long-lasting patterns of behavior
a theory that personality is based on impulses and needs in t…
according to psychoanalytic belief ,the part of the mind that…
Freudian process in which a person says everything that appea…
personality
a person's broad long-lasting patterns of behavior
psychoanalytic theory
a theory that personality is based on impulses and needs in t…
10 terms
Psychology Chapter 14
Personality
Trait
Introverts
Extroverts
the patterns of feelings, motives, and behavior that set peop…
an aspect of personality that is considered to be reasonably…
people who tend to be imaginative and look inward for ideas a…
people who tend to be active and self-expressive and gain ene…
Personality
the patterns of feelings, motives, and behavior that set peop…
Trait
an aspect of personality that is considered to be reasonably…
25 terms
Understanding Psychology (Chapter 14)
Personality
Unconscious
Id
Ego
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
The part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
The part of the unconscious personality that contains our nee…
The part of the personality that is in touch with reality and…
Personality
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
Unconscious
The part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
63 terms
psychology-chapter 14
attitude
prejudice
stereotype
explicit stereotypes
relative stable disposition (tendency to act) toward an objec…
attitude that represents a biased often negative towards a gr…
set of positive or negative beliefs about a group of people... -…
you are aware of your stereotypes
attitude
relative stable disposition (tendency to act) toward an objec…
prejudice
attitude that represents a biased often negative towards a gr…
51 terms
Psychology Chapter 14
social psychology
attribution theory
fundamental attribution error
attitude
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
The theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
The tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
Feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
social psychology
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
attribution theory
The theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
50 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 14 Terms
Out-Group
Scapegoating
Social facilitating
Social loafing
Those outside the group with which an individual identifies
blaming an innocent person or a group for one's own troubles
increase in an individual's performance because of being in a…
decrease in performance because of being in a group
Out-Group
Those outside the group with which an individual identifies
Scapegoating
blaming an innocent person or a group for one's own troubles
22 terms
Chapter 14 & 19: Gestalt & Cognitive Psychology
Gestalt (form) Psychology
Molar approach
Psychophysical Isomorphism
Constancy hypothesis
Focus on meaningful, intact, conscious experiences; the brain…
The approach of concentrating on phenomenological experience…
The brain transforms incoming sensory data and it is that tra…
There is a one-to-one correspondence between environmental st…
Gestalt (form) Psychology
Focus on meaningful, intact, conscious experiences; the brain…
Molar approach
The approach of concentrating on phenomenological experience…
82 terms
Chapter 14 Social Psychology
Dispositional
Situationism
Philip Zimbardo
Stanford Prison Experiment
assuming that another's behavior is due to personality factor…
belief that social situation has most powerful impact on beha…
Did prison study that demonstrated that people alter their be…
Philip Zimbardo's study of the effect of roles on behavior. P…
Dispositional
assuming that another's behavior is due to personality factor…
Situationism
belief that social situation has most powerful impact on beha…
47 terms
Psychology: Chapter 14
Personality
Psychoanalytic Theories
Behaviorists
Social Learning Theorists
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
Freud and his followers stressed the importance of motives hi…
Skinner and his followers. They focus on observable behaviors…
Alfred Bandura. They examine the impact of observational lear…
Personality
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
Psychoanalytic Theories
Freud and his followers stressed the importance of motives hi…
73 terms
Psychology: Chapter 14
personality
behaviours attributed to personality:
personality trait
optimism
the enduring ways of thinking, feeling and acting that charac…
1) components of identity... 2) perceived internal cause... 3) perc…
disposition to behave in a certain way:... -consistency (across…
view themselves, their lives, their future, and others in a p…
personality
the enduring ways of thinking, feeling and acting that charac…
behaviours attributed to personality:
1) components of identity... 2) perceived internal cause... 3) perc…
12 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 14 Stress
behavioral medicine
health psychology
stress
general adaptation syndrome (GAS)
interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medica…
subfield that provide's psychology's contribution to behavior…
process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, c…
selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in…
behavioral medicine
interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medica…
health psychology
subfield that provide's psychology's contribution to behavior…
51 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 14 - Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
33 terms
Chapter 14: Social Psychology
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attribution Theory
Just-World Phenomeneon
Behavior influenced by
-you make assumption that someone's error is about their pers…
causal explanation for someone's behavior, often by crediting…
tendency for people the believe the world is just and that pe…
-internal attitudes... -external influences
Fundamental Attribution Error
-you make assumption that someone's error is about their pers…
Attribution Theory
causal explanation for someone's behavior, often by crediting…
25 terms
Understanding Psychology (Chapter 14)
Personality
Unconscious
Id
Ego
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
The part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
The part of the unconscious personality that contains our nee…
The part of the personality that is in touch with reality and…
Personality
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
Unconscious
The part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
47 terms
Chapter 14: Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
35 terms
Psychology Chapter 14 (vocabs)
Social facilitation
Social loafing
Social norms
Conformity
when the presence of others improves one's performance.
the phenomenon in which the presence of other causes one to r…
rules about acceptable behavior imposed by the cultural conte…
the tendency of people to adjust their behavior to what other…
Social facilitation
when the presence of others improves one's performance.
Social loafing
the phenomenon in which the presence of other causes one to r…
47 terms
Chapter 14 - Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
40 terms
Chapter 14 - Exploring Psychology
DSM 5
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalized anxiety treatment
Panic disorder
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders that is…
person experiences constant tension & apprehension, insomnia,…
therapy or anti-anxiety medication like Valium or Xanax
person experiences recurrent and unpredictable panic attacks
DSM 5
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders that is…
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
person experiences constant tension & apprehension, insomnia,…
40 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 14 Bernstein
Personality
Psychodynamic Approach
Id
Libido
The pattern of psychological and behavioral characteristics b…
Freud's view that personality is based on the interplay on un…
The unconscious portion of personality that contains basic im…
The psychic energy contained in the Id
Personality
The pattern of psychological and behavioral characteristics b…
Psychodynamic Approach
Freud's view that personality is based on the interplay on un…
52 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 14 - Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
35 terms
AP Psychology Zimbardo Chapter 14
Social Psychology
social context
situationism
social role
The branch of psychology that studies the effects of social v…
The combination of (a) people, (b) the activities and interac…
The view that environment conditions influence people's behav…
One of several socially defined patterns of behavior that are…
Social Psychology
The branch of psychology that studies the effects of social v…
social context
The combination of (a) people, (b) the activities and interac…
37 terms
Chapter 14 - Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution
Attitude
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
The theory the we explain someone's behavior by crediting eit…
The tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
Feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
The theory the we explain someone's behavior by crediting eit…
25 terms
Understanding Psychology - Chapter 14
Personality
Unconscious
Id
Ego
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
The part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
The part of the unconscious personality that contains our nee…
The part of the personality that is in touch with reality and…
Personality
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
Unconscious
The part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
24 terms
Psychology Chapter 14
Puberty
Menarche
Spermarche
Hormone
time between the first onrush of hormones and full adult phys…
a girls first period, shows she began ovulation
boys first ejaculation of sperm
organic chemical substance that is produced by one body tissu…
Puberty
time between the first onrush of hormones and full adult phys…
Menarche
a girls first period, shows she began ovulation
40 terms
Psychology Chapter 14
the patterns of feelings, motives, and…
aspects of personality that are consid…
Greek physician Hippocrates believed t…
Psychologist Gordon Allport argued tha…
personality
trait
different combinations of body humours
a combination of traits
the patterns of feelings, motives, and…
personality
aspects of personality that are consid…
trait
60 terms
Psychology Chapter 14: Health Psychology
Health Psychology
Behavioral Medicine
Biopsychosocial model
Mind-body connection
-Emphasizes establishing and maintain health and preventing a…
-Interdisciplinary field to promote health and reduce illness…
-Integrates biological, psychological, and social factors in…
-Your psychological health is closely related to your physica…
Health Psychology
-Emphasizes establishing and maintain health and preventing a…
Behavioral Medicine
-Interdisciplinary field to promote health and reduce illness…
33 terms
Psychology- Chapter 14-Therapy
Psychotherapy
Eclectic Approach
Placebo Effect
Empathy
any treatmentused by therapists to help troubled individuals…
method that combines various kinds of therapy or combinations…
the influence that a patient's hopes and expectations have on…
capacity for warmth and understanding
Psychotherapy
any treatmentused by therapists to help troubled individuals…
Eclectic Approach
method that combines various kinds of therapy or combinations…
10 terms
Psychology Chapter 14
Social Psychology
Prejudice
Stereotypes
Implicit Association Test
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
A rigid attitude that is based on group membership and predis…
Attributions that cover up individual differences and ascribe…
A computer-driven assessment of implicit attitudes. The test…
Social Psychology
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Prejudice
A rigid attitude that is based on group membership and predis…
32 terms
psychology chapter 14 vocabulary
psychotherapy
biomedical therapy
eclectic approach
psychoanalysis
treatment involving psychological techniques consists of inte…
prescribed medications or procedures that act directly on the…
an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's…
Freud's therapeutic technique, Freud believed that the patien…
psychotherapy
treatment involving psychological techniques consists of inte…
biomedical therapy
prescribed medications or procedures that act directly on the…
17 terms
Understanding Psychology (Chapter 14)
Personality
Defense Mechanisms
Collective Unconscious
Inferiority Complex
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
Certain specific means by which the ego unconsciously protect…
The part of the mind that contains inherited instincts, urges…
A pattern of avoiding feelings of inadequacy rather than tryi…
Personality
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
Defense Mechanisms
Certain specific means by which the ego unconsciously protect…
32 terms
Psychology Chapter 14
agoraphobia
antisocial personality disorder
anxiety disorders
bio-psycho-social perspective
an anxiety disorder that causes an individual to restrict his…
a personality disorder characterized by little, if any, respe…
a class of disorders marked by excessive apprehension and wor…
the idea that psychological disorders are influenced, or caus…
agoraphobia
an anxiety disorder that causes an individual to restrict his…
antisocial personality disorder
a personality disorder characterized by little, if any, respe…
35 terms
Chapter 14 Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Social Context
Situationism
Social Role
The branch of psy that studies the effects of social variable…
The combination of people, the activities and interactions am…
The view that environmental conditions influence people's beh…
One of several socially defined patterns of behavior that are…
Social Psychology
The branch of psy that studies the effects of social variable…
Social Context
The combination of people, the activities and interactions am…
42 terms
psychology chapter 14
personality
psychoanalytic theory
sigmund freud
preconscious mind
the unique and relatively stable ways in which people think,…
Focuses on the role of the unconscious... mind in the developmen…
founded psychoanalytic theory
level of the mind in which info is available but not currentl…
personality
the unique and relatively stable ways in which people think,…
psychoanalytic theory
Focuses on the role of the unconscious... mind in the developmen…
53 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 14 - Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
24 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 14: Psychological Disorders
psychological disorder
attention-deficit hyperactivity disord…
medical model
DSM-IV-TR
deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional behavior patterns.
a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of…
the concept that diseases have physical causes that can be di…
the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statist…
psychological disorder
deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional behavior patterns.
attention-deficit hyperactivity disord…
a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of…
25 terms
Psychology Chapter 14 Vocabulary
Personality
Unconscious
Id
Ego
the consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
the part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
the part of the unconscious personality that contains our nee…
the part of the personality that is in touch with reality and…
Personality
the consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
Unconscious
the part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
103 terms
Chapter 14: Social Psychology (Myer's Psychology for AP)
Social Psychology
attribution theory
situational attribution
dispositional attribution
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
a conclusion about the cause of an observed event/behavior
factors outside the person causing the person's actions (such…
the person's stable, enduring traits, personality, ability, e…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
attribution theory
a conclusion about the cause of an observed event/behavior
23 terms
Chapter 14 psychology
What is social psychology?
What is social cognition?
What is the Primacy effect? (why first…
What is the Self-fulfillment prophecy?
Scientific study of how people interact and influence each ot…
A persons knowledge and understanding of the social world, ot…
People tend to pay more attention to early information about…
Our expectations about a person or situation may cause us to…
What is social psychology?
Scientific study of how people interact and influence each ot…
What is social cognition?
A persons knowledge and understanding of the social world, ot…
70 terms
Psychology Chapter 14 Review
personality
yellow bile, black bile, blood, and ph…
Traits are fixed in the nervous
introversion-extroversion and emotiona…
An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
What are the basic humors that Hippocrates believed were the…
What conclusion did Gordon Allport make about traits?
Hans Eysenck focused on the relationship between what two per…
personality
An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
yellow bile, black bile, blood, and ph…
What are the basic humors that Hippocrates believed were the…
45 terms
Psychology - Chapter 14
Mental Illness
Diagnosis
What does DSM stand for?
Axis I
Disorder impairs and disables mind from functioning normally
Statement by a medical professional/psychologist
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Clinical syndrome present? May select none, one, or more synd…
Mental Illness
Disorder impairs and disables mind from functioning normally
Diagnosis
Statement by a medical professional/psychologist
51 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 14 - Social Psychology #3
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
18 terms
Psychology- Chapter 14 Vocabulary
Anxiety Disorders
Personality Disorders
Schizophrenia
Hallucination
class of disorders marker by feelings or excessive apprehensi…
long-standing, inflexible ways of behaving that create a vari…
severe disorder characterized by disturbances in thought, per…
a perception at odds with reality
Anxiety Disorders
class of disorders marker by feelings or excessive apprehensi…
Personality Disorders
long-standing, inflexible ways of behaving that create a vari…
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