Study sets matching "psychology chapter 14"

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Study sets matching "psychology chapter 14"

Understanding Psychology (Chapter 14)
Personality
Unconscious
Id
Ego
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
The part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
The part of the unconscious personality that contains our nee…
The part of the personality that is in touch with reality and…
Personality
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
Unconscious
The part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
50 terms
Understanding Psychology Chapter 14
personality
unconscious
id
ego
the consistent, enduring and unique characteristics of a person
the part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
the part of the unconscious personality that contains our nee…
the part of the personality that is in touch with reality and…
personality
the consistent, enduring and unique characteristics of a person
unconscious
the part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
49 terms
Psychology - Chapter 14 Vocabulary
psychopathology
situational context
subjective discomfort
maladaptive
the study of abnormal behavior and psychological dysfunction.
the social or environmental setting of a person's behavior.
emotional distress or emotional pain.
anything that does not allow a person to function within or a…
psychopathology
the study of abnormal behavior and psychological dysfunction.
situational context
the social or environmental setting of a person's behavior.
25 terms
Understanding Psychology (Chapter 14)
Personality
Unconscious
Id
Ego
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
The part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
The part of the unconscious personality that contains our nee…
The part of the personality that is in touch with reality and…
Personality
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
Unconscious
The part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
30 terms
Psychology Chapter 14
Personality
unconscious
id
ego
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
The part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
The part of the unconscious personality that contains our nee…
The part of the personality that is in touch with reality and…
Personality
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
unconscious
The part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
55 terms
Chapter 14 (Social Psychology)
Social Psychology
Social Cognition
Attitude
False-Consensus Effect
The study of the ways in which humans use thoughts, perceptio…
How we think about and try to understand the social world.... -A…
Predispositions or tendencies to act; How we "think and feel"…
The tendency for people to overestimate the extent to which o…
Social Psychology
The study of the ways in which humans use thoughts, perceptio…
Social Cognition
How we think about and try to understand the social world.... -A…
63 terms
psychology-chapter 14
attitude
prejudice
stereotype
explicit stereotypes
relative stable disposition (tendency to act) toward an objec…
attitude that represents a biased often negative towards a gr…
set of positive or negative beliefs about a group of people... -…
you are aware of your stereotypes
attitude
relative stable disposition (tendency to act) toward an objec…
prejudice
attitude that represents a biased often negative towards a gr…
27 terms
Psychology: Chapter 14 Terms
psychological disorder
medical model
epigenetics
DSM-5
a syndrome marked by a clinically significant disturbance in…
the concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorde…
the study of environmental influences on gene expression that…
the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statist…
psychological disorder
a syndrome marked by a clinically significant disturbance in…
medical model
the concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorde…
32 terms
Psychology Chapter 14
agoraphobia
antisocial personality disorder
anxiety disorders
bio-psycho-social perspective
an anxiety disorder that causes an individual to restrict his…
a personality disorder characterized by little, if any, respe…
a class of disorders marked by excessive apprehension and wor…
the idea that psychological disorders are influenced, or caus…
agoraphobia
an anxiety disorder that causes an individual to restrict his…
antisocial personality disorder
a personality disorder characterized by little, if any, respe…
Psychology and You: Chapter 14
personality
psychoanalytic theory
unconscious
free association
a person's broad long-lasting patterns of behavior
a theory that personality is based on impulses and needs in t…
according to psychoanalytic belief ,the part of the mind that…
Freudian process in which a person says everything that appea…
personality
a person's broad long-lasting patterns of behavior
psychoanalytic theory
a theory that personality is based on impulses and needs in t…
58 terms
Psychology- Chapter 14 (Psychological Disorders)
Psychopathology
Prevalence Rates
Labeling Theory
Is the labeling theory sufficient to e…
Problematic patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors tha…
The percentage of a population with a particular disorder
Argues that diagnosis is stigmatizing and may contribute to t…
Most evidence suggests disorders are real: seen cross-cultura…
Psychopathology
Problematic patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors tha…
Prevalence Rates
The percentage of a population with a particular disorder
Psychology Chapter 14
Personality
Trait
Introverts
Extroverts
the patterns of feelings, motives, and behavior that set peop…
an aspect of personality that is considered to be reasonably…
people who tend to be imaginative and look inward for ideas a…
people who tend to be active and self-expressive and gain ene…
Personality
the patterns of feelings, motives, and behavior that set peop…
Trait
an aspect of personality that is considered to be reasonably…
32 terms
Psychology Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Specific Phobias
Panic Disorder
Agoraphobia
Is marked by a chronic, high level of anxiety that is not tie…
Is marked by a persistent and irrational fear of an object or…
Is characterized by recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety…
Is a fear of going out to public places
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Is marked by a chronic, high level of anxiety that is not tie…
Specific Phobias
Is marked by a persistent and irrational fear of an object or…
Psychology Chapter 14: Theories of Personality
Personality
Unconscious
Humanist Theory
Social Learning Theory
The consistent, enduring and unique characteristics of a person
Part of the mind that contains material of which we are unawa…
Emphasizes free will and choice.
Examines observational learning and personal variables.
Personality
The consistent, enduring and unique characteristics of a person
Unconscious
Part of the mind that contains material of which we are unawa…
Psychology Review Chapter 14
personality
Sigmund Freud Psychoanalytic Perspective
Oral (0-18 m.)
Anal (18-36m.) (2)
- an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling…
- childhoodsexual, unconscious motivations
- pleasure centers on the mouth... - ex:) sucking, biting, chewing
- pleasure focuses on bowel & bladder elimination... - coping w/…
personality
- an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling…
Sigmund Freud Psychoanalytic Perspective
- childhoodsexual, unconscious motivations
The World of Psychology Chapter 14
Psychological Disorder
DSM-IV-TR
Anxiety Disorder
Panic Attack
"Mental processes and/or behavior patterns that cause emotion…
"Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th E…
"Psychological disorders characherized by frequent fearful th…
"An episode of overwhelming anxiety, fear, or terror." (Page…
Psychological Disorder
"Mental processes and/or behavior patterns that cause emotion…
DSM-IV-TR
"Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th E…
82 terms
Chapter 14 Social Psychology
Dispositional
Situationism
Philip Zimbardo
Stanford Prison Experiment
assuming that another's behavior is due to personality factor…
belief that social situation has most powerful impact on beha…
Did prison study that demonstrated that people alter their be…
Philip Zimbardo's study of the effect of roles on behavior. P…
Dispositional
assuming that another's behavior is due to personality factor…
Situationism
belief that social situation has most powerful impact on beha…
47 terms
Psychology: Chapter 14
Personality
Psychoanalytic Theories
Behaviorists
Social Learning Theorists
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
Freud and his followers stressed the importance of motives hi…
Skinner and his followers. They focus on observable behaviors…
Alfred Bandura. They examine the impact of observational lear…
Personality
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
Psychoanalytic Theories
Freud and his followers stressed the importance of motives hi…
Psychology in Your Life; Chapter 14
Psychopathology
Etiology
Diathesis-stress model
Phobia
Sickness or disorder of the mind
Factors that contribute to the development of a disorder
Proposes that a disorder may develop when an underlying vulne…
Fear of a specific object or situation that is out of proport…
Psychopathology
Sickness or disorder of the mind
Etiology
Factors that contribute to the development of a disorder
25 terms
Psychology Chapter 14 Vocabulary
Personality
Unconscious
Id
Ego
the consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
the part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
the part of the unconscious personality that contains our nee…
the part of the personality that is in touch with reality and…
Personality
the consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
Unconscious
the part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
25 terms
Understanding Psychology (Chapter 14)
Personality
Unconscious
Id
Ego
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
The part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
The part of the unconscious personality that contains our nee…
The part of the personality that is in touch with reality and…
Personality
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
Unconscious
The part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
Chapter 14 Gestalt Psychology
Approach-approach conflict
Approach-avoidance conflict
Avoidance-avoidance conflict
Behavioral environment
The type of conflict that occurs when a person is attracted t…
The type of conflict that occurs when a person is attracted t…
The type of conflict that occurs when a person is repelled by…
Subjective reality
Approach-approach conflict
The type of conflict that occurs when a person is attracted t…
Approach-avoidance conflict
The type of conflict that occurs when a person is attracted t…
40 terms
OpenStax Psychology Chapter 14
alarm reaction
asthma
biofeedback
cardiovascular disorders
first stage of the general adaptation syndrome; characterized…
psychophysiological disorder in which the airways of the resp…
stress-reduction technique using electronic equipment to meas…
disorders that involve the heart and blood circulation system
alarm reaction
first stage of the general adaptation syndrome; characterized…
asthma
psychophysiological disorder in which the airways of the resp…
Abnormal Psychology chapter 14
Amniocentesis
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disord…
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
Childhood disintegrative disorder
prenatal medical procedure that allows the detection of abnor…
developmental disorder featuring maladaptive levels of inatte…
a neurodevelopment disorder characterized by significant impa…
pervasive developmental disorder involving severe regression…
Amniocentesis
prenatal medical procedure that allows the detection of abnor…
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disord…
developmental disorder featuring maladaptive levels of inatte…
Chapter 14: Social Psychology in the Clinic
Clinical psychology
Self-confirming diagnoses
Depressive realism
Explanatory style
study, assessment and treatment of people w psychological dif…
patients may supply info that fulfills clinician's expectations
mildly depressed people make accurate rather than self-servin…
habitual way of explaining life events
Clinical psychology
study, assessment and treatment of people w psychological dif…
Self-confirming diagnoses
patients may supply info that fulfills clinician's expectations
42 terms
CHAPTER 14: Social Psychology
Attitudes
ABC model of attitudes
Festinger & Carlsmith
Cognitive dissonance
our stable and enduring evaluations of people and things
model that describes how attitudes have three components: ... -…
the study where participants did extremely boring things and…
when our attitudes are contrary to our behaviors, we experien…
Attitudes
our stable and enduring evaluations of people and things
ABC model of attitudes
model that describes how attitudes have three components: ... -…
30 terms
Psychology Chapter 14 Vocabulary
anorexia
bullimia nervosa
binge eating disorder
abnormal psychology
an eating disorder characterized by the maintenance of unusua…
an eating disorder characterized by binging, purging, and hav…
an eating disorder characterized by eating abnormally large a…
the study of psychological disorders
anorexia
an eating disorder characterized by the maintenance of unusua…
bullimia nervosa
an eating disorder characterized by binging, purging, and hav…
37 terms
Chapter 14 - Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution
Attitude
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
The theory the we explain someone's behavior by crediting eit…
The tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
Feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
The theory the we explain someone's behavior by crediting eit…
35 terms
Psychology Chapter 14 (vocabs)
Social facilitation
Social loafing
Social norms
Conformity
when the presence of others improves one's performance.
the phenomenon in which the presence of other causes one to r…
rules about acceptable behavior imposed by the cultural conte…
the tendency of people to adjust their behavior to what other…
Social facilitation
when the presence of others improves one's performance.
Social loafing
the phenomenon in which the presence of other causes one to r…
AP Psychology Chapter 14 Bernstein
Personality
Psychodynamic Approach
Id
Libido
The pattern of psychological and behavioral characteristics b…
Freud's view that personality is based on the interplay on un…
The unconscious portion of personality that contains basic im…
The psychic energy contained in the Id
Personality
The pattern of psychological and behavioral characteristics b…
Psychodynamic Approach
Freud's view that personality is based on the interplay on un…
22 terms
Chapter 14 & 19: Gestalt & Cognitive Psychology
Gestalt (form) Psychology
Molar approach
Psychophysical Isomorphism
Constancy hypothesis
Focus on meaningful, intact, conscious experiences; the brain…
The approach of concentrating on phenomenological experience…
The brain transforms incoming sensory data and it is that tra…
There is a one-to-one correspondence between environmental st…
Gestalt (form) Psychology
Focus on meaningful, intact, conscious experiences; the brain…
Molar approach
The approach of concentrating on phenomenological experience…
Understanding Psychology - Chapter 14
Personality
Unconscious
Id
Ego
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
The part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
The part of the unconscious personality that contains our nee…
The part of the personality that is in touch with reality and…
Personality
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
Unconscious
The part of the mind that contains material of which we are u…
26 terms
Psychology Chapter 14
Personality
Trait
Psychoanalysis
Psychodynamic Theories
A distinctive and relatively stable pattern of behaviour, tho…
A characteristic of an individual, describing a habitual way…
A theory of personality and a method of psychotherapy develop…
Theories that explain behaviour and personality in terms of u…
Personality
A distinctive and relatively stable pattern of behaviour, tho…
Trait
A characteristic of an individual, describing a habitual way…
AP Psychology Chapter 14 - Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
32 terms
Chapter 14 Psychology Terms
personality
psychodynamic theories
psychoanalysis
unconscious
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
view personality with a focus on the unconscious and the impo…
Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and ac…
according to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable though…
personality
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
psychodynamic theories
view personality with a focus on the unconscious and the impo…
17 terms
Understanding Psychology (Chapter 14)
Personality
Defense Mechanisms
Collective Unconscious
Inferiority Complex
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
Certain specific means by which the ego unconsciously protect…
The part of the mind that contains inherited instincts, urges…
A pattern of avoiding feelings of inadequacy rather than tryi…
Personality
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a per…
Defense Mechanisms
Certain specific means by which the ego unconsciously protect…
AP Psychology Zimbardo Chapter 14
Social Psychology
social context
situationism
social role
The branch of psychology that studies the effects of social v…
The combination of (a) people, (b) the activities and interac…
The view that environment conditions influence people's behav…
One of several socially defined patterns of behavior that are…
Social Psychology
The branch of psychology that studies the effects of social v…
social context
The combination of (a) people, (b) the activities and interac…
33 terms
Chapter 14 Personality Psychology
Personality Psychology
Psychoanalytic Perspective
Psychodynamic Perspective
Psychoanalytic Theory
set of qualities that influence thoughts and behaviors ... Consi…
cant find a reason medically so they explored the brain
first theory of personality... explored the unconscious mind, ps…
personality is made up of unconscious mind, childhood experie…
Personality Psychology
set of qualities that influence thoughts and behaviors ... Consi…
Psychoanalytic Perspective
cant find a reason medically so they explored the brain
Psychology Chapter 14
the patterns of feelings, motives, and…
aspects of personality that are consid…
Greek physician Hippocrates believed t…
Psychologist Gordon Allport argued tha…
personality
trait
different combinations of body humours
a combination of traits
the patterns of feelings, motives, and…
personality
aspects of personality that are consid…
trait
32 terms
psychology chapter 14 vocabulary
psychotherapy
biomedical therapy
eclectic approach
psychoanalysis
treatment involving psychological techniques consists of inte…
prescribed medications or procedures that act directly on the…
an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's…
Freud's therapeutic technique, Freud believed that the patien…
psychotherapy
treatment involving psychological techniques consists of inte…
biomedical therapy
prescribed medications or procedures that act directly on the…
33 terms
Psychology Chapter 14/15
classical conditioning
acquisition process
unconditioned stimulus
unconditioned response
a type of learning where a stimulus gains the power to cause…
process of developing a learned response; created by Pavlov
triggers a response reflexively or automatically (what makes…
triggers a response automatically; not learned (the action yo…
classical conditioning
a type of learning where a stimulus gains the power to cause…
acquisition process
process of developing a learned response; created by Pavlov
24 terms
Psychology Chapter 14
Puberty
Menarche
Spermarche
Hormone
time between the first onrush of hormones and full adult phys…
a girls first period, shows she began ovulation
boys first ejaculation of sperm
organic chemical substance that is produced by one body tissu…
Puberty
time between the first onrush of hormones and full adult phys…
Menarche
a girls first period, shows she began ovulation
51 terms
Psychology Chapter 14
social psychology
attribution theory
fundamental attribution error
attitude
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
The theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
The tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
Feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
social psychology
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
attribution theory
The theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
28 terms
Chapter 14 psychology
personality
Personality trait
personality state
neuroticism
An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
a characteristic; a dispositional tendency to act in a certai…
unstable, temporary aspects of personality influenced by envi…
A personality dimension describing people with high levels of…
personality
An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
Personality trait
a characteristic; a dispositional tendency to act in a certai…
40 terms
Chapter 14 - Exploring Psychology
DSM 5
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalized anxiety treatment
Panic disorder
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders that is…
person experiences constant tension & apprehension, insomnia,…
therapy or anti-anxiety medication like Valium or Xanax
person experiences recurrent and unpredictable panic attacks
DSM 5
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders that is…
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
person experiences constant tension & apprehension, insomnia,…
psychology chapter 14
personality
psychoanalytic theory
sigmund freud
preconscious mind
the unique and relatively stable ways in which people think,…
Focuses on the role of the unconscious... mind in the developmen…
founded psychoanalytic theory
level of the mind in which info is available but not currentl…
personality
the unique and relatively stable ways in which people think,…
psychoanalytic theory
Focuses on the role of the unconscious... mind in the developmen…
10 terms
Psychology Chapter 14
Social Psychology
Prejudice
Stereotypes
Implicit Association Test
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
A rigid attitude that is based on group membership and predis…
Attributions that cover up individual differences and ascribe…
A computer-driven assessment of implicit attitudes. The test…
Social Psychology
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Prejudice
A rigid attitude that is based on group membership and predis…
Psychology Chapter 14
Psychotherapists who take a narrative…
Therapists who base therapy around a l…
When critics note that humanist concep…
Freud used the term psychodynamic with…
how our stories shape and distort our memories.
accept a new perspective and tell new stories about their exp…
the meaning of terms such as "self-actualized" and "unconditi…
personality comprises psychological energy moving within a pe…
Psychotherapists who take a narrative…
how our stories shape and distort our memories.
Therapists who base therapy around a l…
accept a new perspective and tell new stories about their exp…
35 terms
Chapter 14 Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Social Context
Situationism
Social Role
The branch of psy that studies the effects of social variable…
The combination of people, the activities and interactions am…
The view that environmental conditions influence people's beh…
One of several socially defined patterns of behavior that are…
Social Psychology
The branch of psy that studies the effects of social variable…
Social Context
The combination of people, the activities and interactions am…
23 terms
Chapter 14 psychology
What is social psychology?
What is social cognition?
What is the Primacy effect? (why first…
What is the Self-fulfillment prophecy?
Scientific study of how people interact and influence each ot…
A persons knowledge and understanding of the social world, ot…
People tend to pay more attention to early information about…
Our expectations about a person or situation may cause us to…
What is social psychology?
Scientific study of how people interact and influence each ot…
What is social cognition?
A persons knowledge and understanding of the social world, ot…
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