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Study sets matching "psychology chapter 3 biological bases"

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Study sets matching "psychology chapter 3 biological bases"

42 terms
Chapter 3 - Biological Bases of Psychology
Central Nervous System
Neurons
Sensory Neurons
Motor Neurons
Brain (receives and processes information)... Spinal Cord (trans…
Cells that make up your nervous system... Communicate brain's me…
Receives info from environment, carries info to CNS
Carry info away from spinal cord towards body parts
Central Nervous System
Brain (receives and processes information)... Spinal Cord (trans…
Neurons
Cells that make up your nervous system... Communicate brain's me…
95 terms
Psychology Chapter 3: Biological Bases of Behavior
Phrenology
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Dendrite
Study of bumps on the head in relation to mental abilities an…
Scientific study of links between biological (genetic, neural…
Nerve cell... The building block of the nervous system... Contains…
Receives information and conducts it toward the cell body; Li…
Phrenology
Study of bumps on the head in relation to mental abilities an…
Biological Psychology
Scientific study of links between biological (genetic, neural…
104 terms
Psychology- Chapter 3 (Biological Bases of Psych)
Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Neurons
Sensory Neurons
Biological basis for psychological experience
An organ system made of a vast collection of specialized cell…
Specialized cells that receive, process, and transmit electro…
Afferent neurons receive info from the senses and it passes t…
Nervous System
Biological basis for psychological experience
Central Nervous System
An organ system made of a vast collection of specialized cell…
75 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 - Biological Bases of Behavior
Neuroanatomy
Neuron
Dendrites
Cell body (soma)
The study of the parts and function of neurons
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
Contains the cell nucleus and much of the chemical machinery…
Neuroanatomy
The study of the parts and function of neurons
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
95 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 3: Biological Bases of Behavior
Phrenology
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Dendrite
Study of bumps on the head in relation to mental abilities an…
Scientific study of links between biological (genetic, neural…
Nerve cell... The building block of the nervous system... Contains…
Receives information and conducts it toward the cell body; Li…
Phrenology
Study of bumps on the head in relation to mental abilities an…
Biological Psychology
Scientific study of links between biological (genetic, neural…
84 terms
AP PSYCHOLOGY: chapter 3, biological bases of behavior
neuron
sensory neuron
motor neuron
Interneurons
nerve cell, building block of the nervous system
type of neuron, carry incoming messages from the body's` tiss…
type of neuron, carry outgoing messages from the brain and sp…
neurons that communicate and intervene between the sensory an…
neuron
nerve cell, building block of the nervous system
sensory neuron
type of neuron, carry incoming messages from the body's` tiss…
75 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 3 - Biological Bases of Behavior
Neuroanatomy
Neuron
Dendrites
Cell body (soma)
The study of the parts and function of neurons
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
Contains the cell nucleus and much of the chemical machinery…
Neuroanatomy
The study of the parts and function of neurons
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
39 terms
AP Psychology Biological Bases of Behavior Chapter 3
Neuron
Excitatory
Inhibitory
Afferent Neurons
Individual nerve cells.
Excite the next cell into firing (reaching the threshold pote…
Inhibit the next cell from firing (reaching the threshold pot…
Take information from the senses to the brains.... AT the brain.
Neuron
Individual nerve cells.
Excitatory
Excite the next cell into firing (reaching the threshold pote…
61 terms
Developmental Psychology | Chapter 3 (Biological Bases)
genotype
phenotype
environment
nucleus... DNA
the genetic material an individual inherits (ex: the genetic…
the observable expression of the genotype, including body cha…
this term includes every aspect of the individual, and his or…
Chromosomes are located in cell ______. They are long threadl…
genotype
the genetic material an individual inherits (ex: the genetic…
phenotype
the observable expression of the genotype, including body cha…
61 terms
Psychology 101: Chapter 3 - Biological Bases
Glia Cells
Neurons
Dendrites
Neurotransmitters
Aka glial cells aka neuroglia.... Astrocytes (help coordinate co…
Signals
Bushy is better, these take in information
Chemical messages
Glia Cells
Aka glial cells aka neuroglia.... Astrocytes (help coordinate co…
Neurons
Signals
41 terms
AP PSYCHOLOGY - Chapter 3: Biological Bases of Behavior
Dendrites
Nucleus
Soma
Axon
Receives incoming information
Controls the cell
Assesses information received by dendrites.
A single "transmitter" fiber that messages go through.
Dendrites
Receives incoming information
Nucleus
Controls the cell
68 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 3: Biological Bases of Behavior
neuroanatomy
neurons
dendrite
cell body (soma)
(THEME) the study of the parts and function of neurons
(TERM) individual nerve cells with nucleus
(TERM) the rootlike part of a neuron that stretches out from…
(TERM) the part of the neuron containing the nucleus
neuroanatomy
(THEME) the study of the parts and function of neurons
neurons
(TERM) individual nerve cells with nucleus
54 terms
Chapter 3 - Biological Bases
neurons
soma
dendrites
axon
individual cells in the nervous system that receive, inegrate…
(or cell body) contains the cell nucleus and much of the chem…
the parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive informa…
the long, thin fiber that transmits signals away from the som…
neurons
individual cells in the nervous system that receive, inegrate…
soma
(or cell body) contains the cell nucleus and much of the chem…
50 terms
Psychology Chapter 3: Biological Bases of Behavior
behavioral neuroscience
nervous system
sense receptors
neurons
concerned with how communication between the body parts happe…
an organization of neurons, neurotransmitters, and brain stru…
detect heat, light or touch and pass information about those…
pathways for sense receptors. three types: sensory neurons (a…
behavioral neuroscience
concerned with how communication between the body parts happe…
nervous system
an organization of neurons, neurotransmitters, and brain stru…
58 terms
Chapter 3 psychology: biological bases and behavior
Biological psychology
Neuron
Sensory neurons
Motor neurons
Concerned woth links of bio and behavior
Basic building block of nervous system: nerve cell... Axon, den…
Carry messages from body's tissues and sensory organs inward…
Carry messages away from spinal cord and brain to muscle and…
Biological psychology
Concerned woth links of bio and behavior
Neuron
Basic building block of nervous system: nerve cell... Axon, den…
92 terms
Chapter 3 Psychology: The Biological Bases of Behavior
Neurons
Soma
Dendrites
Axon
individual cells in the nervous system that receive, integrat…
contains the cell nucleus and much of the chemical machinery…
parts of neuron that are specialized to receive information
long, thin fiber that transmits signals away from the soma to…
Neurons
individual cells in the nervous system that receive, integrat…
Soma
contains the cell nucleus and much of the chemical machinery…
AP Psychology - Chapter 3: Biological Bases of Behavior
Neuron
Dendrite
Cell Body
Axon
A specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses.... Example: a m…
A short branched extension of a nerve cell, along which impul…
The nucleus-containing central part of a neuron.... Example: th…
The long thread-like part of a nerve cell along which impulse…
Neuron
A specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses.... Example: a m…
Dendrite
A short branched extension of a nerve cell, along which impul…
10 terms
Psychology Chapter 3: Biological Bases of Behavior
Serotonin
Dopamine
GABA
Lobes of the Brain
-Emotional states (mood increases or decreases with serotonin…
-Motivation... -Motor control... -Communicates reward (signals plea…
Generally inhibitory neurotransmitters = hyperpolarizing cert…
-Parietal:across from frontal lobe, touch, contralateral conn…
Serotonin
-Emotional states (mood increases or decreases with serotonin…
Dopamine
-Motivation... -Motor control... -Communicates reward (signals plea…
Psychology chapter 3: biological bases of behavior
All-or-None Principle
Acetylcholine
Dopamine
Dopamine
The neuron will fire completely or not at all
motor movement... ​​lack → Alzheimer's
motor movement and alertness
lack → Parkinson's disease
All-or-None Principle
The neuron will fire completely or not at all
Acetylcholine
motor movement... ​​lack → Alzheimer's
24 terms
Psychology chapter 3 biological bases of behavior
Brain
Dendrites cell body & axons
Dendrites
Cell body or soma
Made up of some 12 billion individual nerve cells and their v…
Three principle parts of neurons
Receive information from sensory receptors and other neurons
Contains the cytoplasm and nucleus and collects and sends inf…
Brain
Made up of some 12 billion individual nerve cells and their v…
Dendrites cell body & axons
Three principle parts of neurons
66 terms
Psychology Chapter 3-Biological Bases of Behavior
Roger Sperry
Paul Broca
Carl Wernicke
Thomas Bouchard
American psychologist who received the Nobel Prize in 1981 fo…
discovered area in the brain (named for him) in the left fron…
IN 1874, SHOWS THAT DAMAGE TO A SPECIFIC AREA IN THE LEFT TEM…
found more than 100 identical twins who were given up for ado…
Roger Sperry
American psychologist who received the Nobel Prize in 1981 fo…
Paul Broca
discovered area in the brain (named for him) in the left fron…
44 terms
Psychology Chapter 3. Biological Bases of Behavior
afferent neurons
efferent neurons
acetylcholine
dopamine
take information from the sense to the brain (at brain)
take information from brain to rest of the body (exit)
a neurotransmitter; functions in motor movement; lack of it i…
a neurotransmitter; functions in motor movement; lack of it i…
afferent neurons
take information from the sense to the brain (at brain)
efferent neurons
take information from brain to rest of the body (exit)
78 terms
Psychology Chapter 3: Biological Bases of Behavior
Neuroanatomy
Neuron
Dendrite
Cell body (The Soma)
anatomy of the nervous system
a nerve cell that receives and sends electrical signals over…
a short branched extension of a nerve cell
the bulbous end of a neuron, contains the cell nucleus
Neuroanatomy
anatomy of the nervous system
Neuron
a nerve cell that receives and sends electrical signals over…
33 terms
Chapter 3B: Biological Bases (Myers Psychology for AP)
lesion
EEG
CT scan
PET scan
Tissue destruction. A naturally or experimentally caused dest…
An amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity th…
A series of X-ray photographs taken from different angles and…
A visual display of brain activity that detects where a radio…
lesion
Tissue destruction. A naturally or experimentally caused dest…
EEG
An amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity th…
13 terms
Psychology Chapter 3: Biological Bases of Behavior
Corpus callosum
Concept of contralaterality
plasticity
Rasmussen's syndrome
connects left half and right half of your brain
right hemisphere controls left side, left hemisphere controls…
brain can compensate for brain functions that have been lost/…
autoimmune disease that causes one hemisphere of the brain to…
Corpus callosum
connects left half and right half of your brain
Concept of contralaterality
right hemisphere controls left side, left hemisphere controls…
47 terms
Introductory psychology chapter 3: Biological Bases of Behavior
behavioral neuroscience
nervous system
sense receptors
sensory/afferent neurons
concerned with how communication among body body parts happen…
an organization of neurons, neurotransmitters and brain struc…
detect heat,light, touch, pass information about those stimul…
take information from body tissues/sense organs transmit spin…
behavioral neuroscience
concerned with how communication among body body parts happen…
nervous system
an organization of neurons, neurotransmitters and brain struc…
48 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 - The Biological Bases of Behavior
Neurons
The Soma
Dendrites
The axon
Individual cells in the nervous system that receive, integrat…
(cell body) contains the cell nucleus and much of the chemica…
part of a neuron that are specialized to receive information
a long, thin fiber that transmits signals away from the soma…
Neurons
Individual cells in the nervous system that receive, integrat…
The Soma
(cell body) contains the cell nucleus and much of the chemica…
84 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 3- Biological Bases of Behavior
Absolute Refractory Phase
Acetylcholine (ACh)
Action Potential
Adrenal Medulla
neuron can't fire no matter how strong a stimulus may be
excites the neuronal receptor sites, involved in memory
a brief change in the electrochemical balance inside + outsid…
...
Absolute Refractory Phase
neuron can't fire no matter how strong a stimulus may be
Acetylcholine (ACh)
excites the neuronal receptor sites, involved in memory
84 terms
Chapter 3: Biological Bases
Paul Broca
Michael Gazzaniga
Roger Sperry
Carl Wernicke
A region of the frontal lobe was named after him. That region…
This psychologist worked with split-brain patients. He also c…
Studied split-brain patients with Michael Gazzaniga.
Had a section of the temporal lobe named after him that invol…
Paul Broca
A region of the frontal lobe was named after him. That region…
Michael Gazzaniga
This psychologist worked with split-brain patients. He also c…
92 terms
Chapter 3 Psychology: The Biological Bases of Behavior
Neurons
Soma
Dendrites
Axon
individual cells in the nervous system that receive, integrat…
contains the cell nucleus and much of the chemical machinery…
parts of neuron that are specialized to receive information
long, thin fiber that transmits signals away from the soma to…
Neurons
individual cells in the nervous system that receive, integrat…
Soma
contains the cell nucleus and much of the chemical machinery…
80 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 3 Biological Base
biopsychology
neuroscience
evolution
natural selection
the speciality in psychology that studies the interaction of…
a relatively new interdisciplinary field that focuses on the…
the gradual process of biological change that occurs in a spe…
the driving force behind evolution, by which the environment…
biopsychology
the speciality in psychology that studies the interaction of…
neuroscience
a relatively new interdisciplinary field that focuses on the…
12 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 (The Biological Bases of Behavior)
Define the term neuron in terms of wha…
Define terminal buttons, neurotransmit…
State the difference between the resti…
State how neurons convey information a…
Neurons are individual cells in the nervous system that recei…
-Terminal buttons are small knobs that secrete chemicals call…
-The resting potential of a neuron is its stable, negative ch…
Even though the action potential is an all or nothing event,…
Define the term neuron in terms of wha…
Neurons are individual cells in the nervous system that recei…
Define terminal buttons, neurotransmit…
-Terminal buttons are small knobs that secrete chemicals call…
64 terms
AP psychology chapter 3: biological bases of behavior
neuron
sensory neuron
motor neuron
interneurons
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory rece…
neurons that carry outgoing information from the brain and sp…
neurons with in the brain and spinal cord that communicate in…
neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
sensory neuron
neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory rece…
15 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 3 The Biological Bases of behavior
Myelin Sheath
Axon
Neurons
Sensory Neurons (afferent)
a fatty covering around the axon of some neurons that speeds…
wire-like structure ending in the terminal that extends from…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
neurons that carry incoming information from the sense... recept…
Myelin Sheath
a fatty covering around the axon of some neurons that speeds…
Axon
wire-like structure ending in the terminal that extends from…
66 terms
Psychology Chapter 3: The Biological Bases of Behavior
Absolute Refractory Period
Action Potential
Adaptation
Adoption Studies
The minimum length of time after an action potential during w…
A brief change in a neuron's electrical charge.
An inherited characteristic that increased in the population…
Research studies that assess heredity influence by examining…
Absolute Refractory Period
The minimum length of time after an action potential during w…
Action Potential
A brief change in a neuron's electrical charge.
25 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 3: Biological Bases of Behavior
What does neuroanatomy study?
What are neurons?
Dendrites
Cell Body (Soma)
The study of the parts and functions of nerves
individual nerve cells
​root-like parts of the cell; stretch out from the cell body(…
contains the nucleus and other parts of the cell necessary fo…
What does neuroanatomy study?
The study of the parts and functions of nerves
What are neurons?
individual nerve cells
43 terms
PSYC - Chapter 3 - Biological Bases
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
somatic nervous system
autonomic nervous system
the part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and…
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
The part of the peripheral nervous system that controls volun…
the part of the peripheral nervous system that controls the g…
central nervous system
the part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and…
peripheral nervous system
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
55 terms
Psychological Science Chapter 3: Biological Bases of Behavior
Genes
Unit of Heredity
Genes can be turned "on" and "off"
Genotype
Segments of DNA that guide the production of proteins to carr…
Genes are the unit of heredity, how traits are passed down th…
environmental stimuli also capable of turning them on or off…
Actual genetic constitution -- DNA
Genes
Segments of DNA that guide the production of proteins to carr…
Unit of Heredity
Genes are the unit of heredity, how traits are passed down th…
85 terms
Chapter 3-Biological Bases
Neurons
Soma
Dendrites
Axon
a nerve cell, the basic building block of of the nervous system
cell body-spherical part of the neuron that contains the nucl…
the bushy branching extensions of a neuron that receive messa…
the extension of a neuron ending in branching terminal fibers…
Neurons
a nerve cell, the basic building block of of the nervous system
Soma
cell body-spherical part of the neuron that contains the nucl…
47 terms
biological bases chapter 3
dura mater
arachnoid membrane
pia mater
subarachnoid space
tough, flexible outermost layer(hard mother)
middle layer of meninges
last layer of the meninges, which adheres to the surface of t…
space between arachnoid membrane and pia mater filled with CSF
dura mater
tough, flexible outermost layer(hard mother)
arachnoid membrane
middle layer of meninges
82 terms
Psychology and Life Chapter 3: The Biological and Evolutionary Bases of Behvaior
Natural Selection
Genotype
Phenotype
Heredity
Darwin's theory that favorable adaptations to features of the…
The genetic structure an organism inherits from its parents
The observable characteristics of an organism, resulting from…
The biological transmission of traits from parents to offspring
Natural Selection
Darwin's theory that favorable adaptations to features of the…
Genotype
The genetic structure an organism inherits from its parents
Chapter 3: Biological Bases
Neuron
Glial Cell
Dendrite
Cell Body
a nerve cell, basic building block of nervous system
nourish cell body ("glue cells") support, nourish and protect
extensions of neurons that receive messages
provides neurons with life (can also receive messages)
Neuron
a nerve cell, basic building block of nervous system
Glial Cell
nourish cell body ("glue cells") support, nourish and protect
79 terms
Barron's AP Psychology Chapter 3 Biological Bases of Behavior
Neuroanatomy
Neuron
Dendrites
Cell body (Soma)
Study of parts and functions of neurons
Individual nerve cells which make up the nervous system and f…
Rootlike parts of cell which stretch out from cell body which…
Contains nucleus and parts of cell to keep it alive
Neuroanatomy
Study of parts and functions of neurons
Neuron
Individual nerve cells which make up the nervous system and f…
27 terms
Psychology Themes and Variations Chapter 3 The Biological Bases of Behaviour
(Processes info) Living tissue compose…
GLIA: (Glue)
NEURONS:
Soma:
Glia & Neurons are the 2 main categories of cells making up t…
Cells in the nervous system that provide support for neurons.…
Cells in the nervous system that receive, integrate, & transm…
Cell body. Contains cell nucleus and chemical material.
(Processes info) Living tissue compose…
Glia & Neurons are the 2 main categories of cells making up t…
GLIA: (Glue)
Cells in the nervous system that provide support for neurons.…
80 terms
Chapter 3: Biological Bases of Behaviour
neuroanatomy
neurons
dendrite
cell body/soma
study of the parts and function of neurons
- individual nerve cells that make up our entire nervous syst…
- rootlike part of the cell that stretches out from the cell…
contains nucleus and other parts of the cell needed to sustai…
neuroanatomy
study of the parts and function of neurons
neurons
- individual nerve cells that make up our entire nervous syst…
86 terms
Chapter 3: Biological Bases
Biopsychology Principles
How to Protect the Brain
Cells of the Brain
Glia
1. When there is a difference in structure, there is always a…
the brain is a fragile piece of tissue... cerebral spinal fluid…
- glia... - neurons
= glue ... also known as: ... - neuroglia or neuraglia
Biopsychology Principles
1. When there is a difference in structure, there is always a…
How to Protect the Brain
the brain is a fragile piece of tissue... cerebral spinal fluid…
27 terms
Chapter 3 - Biological Bases
Cells of the brain:
Glia cells
Functions of Glia
Oligodendroctyes (CNS) & Schwann cells…
Glia... Neurons
(the "glue" of the brain, but has many functions)... 1. Oligoden…
-they remove neurons' waste products ... -some of them provide…
• Oligodendrocytes: one cell can create several segments of m…
Cells of the brain:
Glia... Neurons
Glia cells
(the "glue" of the brain, but has many functions)... 1. Oligoden…
74 terms
Chapter 3(PSYCH): Biological Bases
Glia
Oligodendroctyes
Schwann cells
Astrocytes
the "glue" of the brain, but has many functions
one cell can create several segments of myelin sheath & cover…
one cell creates only one segment of myelin sheath for only o…
Synchronizes communication between neurons, nurtures cells, a…
Glia
the "glue" of the brain, but has many functions
Oligodendroctyes
one cell can create several segments of myelin sheath & cover…
76 terms
AP Psychology - Unit 3 Biological Bases of Behavior
biological psychology
neuron
dendrites
axon
the scientific study of the links between biological (genetic…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.…
a neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
the neuron extension that passes messages through its branche…
biological psychology
the scientific study of the links between biological (genetic…
neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.…
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