Study sets matching "psychology chapter 3"

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Study sets matching "psychology chapter 3"

39 terms
psychology chapter 3
biopsychology
neuroscience
DNA
gene
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
deoxyribonucleic acid, the material that contains the informa…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
biopsychology
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
neuroscience
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
18 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Review
Dopamine
Neurotransmitters:... (chemical messengers)
Damage to Broca's Area and Wernicke's…
Endocrine System
A neurotransmitter - involved in motor behavior
Chemicals that are stored in sacs in the axon terminals - A n…
Broca's area - Located in the frontal lobe; responsible for t…
Consists of 5 glands that secrete hormones.
Dopamine
A neurotransmitter - involved in motor behavior
Neurotransmitters:... (chemical messengers)
Chemicals that are stored in sacs in the axon terminals - A n…
35 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Review
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurons (nerve cells)
Dendrites
Central Nervous System
Made up of nerve cells that send messages between the central…
Send and receive messages from other structures in the body (…
Thin fibers that receive information from other neurons; pass…
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Made up of nerve cells that send messages between the central…
Neurons (nerve cells)
Send and receive messages from other structures in the body (…
42 terms
Chapter 3: Ciccarelli Psychology
Sensation
Pupil
Iris
Cornea
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Iris opening that changes size depending on the amount of lig…
Its muscles control the size of the pupil.
Bends light waves to the image can be focused on the retina.
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Pupil
Iris opening that changes size depending on the amount of lig…
Psychology Chapter 3
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
neurons
Cell Body
brain and spinal cord
Nerve cells that send messages between CNS and the rest of th…
nerve cells--run through our entire body and communicate with…
produces energy that fuels the activity of the cell
Central Nervous System
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Nerve cells that send messages between CNS and the rest of th…
Psychology chapter 3
sensation
Just Noticeable Difference (JND)
visible spectrum
wavelength
the process through which the senses pick up visual auditory,…
The smallest change in sensation that a person is able to det…
the narrow band of light waves that are visible to the eye
measure of the distance from the peak of a light wave to the…
sensation
the process through which the senses pick up visual auditory,…
Just Noticeable Difference (JND)
The smallest change in sensation that a person is able to det…
Psychology Chapter 3
sensory neurons... motor neurons... intern…
synapse
demyelinating
dopamine
The nervous system is comprised of three types of neurons
Connections between neurons occur at what are called
Multiple sclerosis is a result of
Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, and encephalitis lethargi…
sensory neurons... motor neurons... intern…
The nervous system is comprised of three types of neurons
synapse
Connections between neurons occur at what are called
66 terms
AP psychology chapter 3
biopsychology
neuroscience
evolution
natural selection
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
the gradual change in a species over time
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variat…
biopsychology
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
neuroscience
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
74 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
What is sensation?
Perception
Visible spectrum
Wavelength
The process through which the senses pick up visual, auditory…
The process by which the brain actively organizes and interpr…
The narrow band of light waves that are visible to the human…
A measure of the distance from the peak of a light wave to th…
What is sensation?
The process through which the senses pick up visual, auditory…
Perception
The process by which the brain actively organizes and interpr…
Psychology Chapter 3 Flashcards
Vision
White Light
Hearing
Decibel Scale
Being able to visual see the environment around you
Ordinary daylight that contains all the wavelengths and visib…
Perceiving sound through wavelengths
The measure of sound level
Vision
Being able to visual see the environment around you
White Light
Ordinary daylight that contains all the wavelengths and visib…
Chapter 3 Psychology Vocabulary
Rooting Reflex
Gripping Reflex
Developmental Psychology
Socialization
Infant's response in turning toward the source of touching th…
Infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or h…
Study of changes that occur as an individual matures
Process of learning the behavior rules of one's culture
Rooting Reflex
Infant's response in turning toward the source of touching th…
Gripping Reflex
Infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or h…
29 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Neurons
Cell body
...The part of the nervous system that consists of the brain…
...The neurons that connect the central nervous system to the…
...A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous syst…
...The part of a neuron that produces the energy needed for t…
Central nervous system
...The part of the nervous system that consists of the brain…
Peripheral nervous system
...The neurons that connect the central nervous system to the…
Psychology Chapter 3
Sensation
Perception
Amplitude
Saturation
Activation of receptors by stimuili in the environment (When…
The process of organizing and making sense of sensory informa…
Strength or intensity of a stimulus (brightness for visual st…
Trueness or purity of a color.
Sensation
Activation of receptors by stimuili in the environment (When…
Perception
The process of organizing and making sense of sensory informa…
92 terms
Psychology chapter 3 terms
action potential
adrenal gland
agonist
all-or-none
electrical signals that move down the neuron's axon
sits atop our kidneys and secretes hormones involved in the s…
drug that mimics or strengthens the effects of a neurotransmi…
phenomenon that incoming signal from another neuron is either…
action potential
electrical signals that move down the neuron's axon
adrenal gland
sits atop our kidneys and secretes hormones involved in the s…
Psychology Schacter Chapter 3
Neurons
Cell body
Dendrite
Axon
Cells in the nervous system that communicate with one another…
The part of a neuron that coordinates information-processing…
The part of a neuron that receives information from other neu…
The part of a neuron that transmits information to other neur…
Neurons
Cells in the nervous system that communicate with one another…
Cell body
The part of a neuron that coordinates information-processing…
80 terms
Psychology 202 Chapter 3
Consciousness
Materialism
Freudian Slip
Subliminal Perception
The combination of a person's subjective experience of the ex…
The idea that the brain and the mind are inseparable, and tha…
We express an unconscious thought at an inappropriate time or…
The processing of information by sensory systems without a pe…
Consciousness
The combination of a person's subjective experience of the ex…
Materialism
The idea that the brain and the mind are inseparable, and tha…
47 terms
Psychology and You: Chapter 3
cerebral cortex
hemisphere
corpus callosum
lobes
-the outermost layer of the brain ... -largest structure
one half of the cerebral cortex; each half controls that oppo…
-bundle of nerves that connect the two hemispheres... -allows th…
4 major divisions of the cerebral cortex
cerebral cortex
-the outermost layer of the brain ... -largest structure
hemisphere
one half of the cerebral cortex; each half controls that oppo…
31 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
Chromosomes
DNA
Genes
Genome
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
The biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosome…
All the genetic information in an organism; all of an organis…
Chromosomes
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
DNA
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
37 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 3: Consciousness
consciousness
circadian rhythm
REM (rapid eye movement) sleep
alpha waves
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
rapid eye movement sleep; a recurring sleep stage during whic…
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state.
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
circadian rhythm
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
Psychology Chapter 3
Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Neuroscience
Mental Processes carried out by the br…
Concept of Cognition
Concerns itself with the structure and functions of the mind.…
Combines knowledge about the brain with knowledge about cogni…
Perception, Thinking, Problem Solving, Memory, Language, and…
Refers to Mental Processes
Cognitive Psychology
Concerns itself with the structure and functions of the mind.…
Cognitive Neuroscience
Combines knowledge about the brain with knowledge about cogni…
41 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 3
Lesion
CT Scan
PET Scan
MRI
A naturally or experimentally caused destruction of brain tis…
(Computed Tomography) A series of X-ray photographs taken fro…
(Positron Emission Tomography) A visual display of brain acti…
(Magnetic Resonance Imaging) A technique that uses magnetic f…
Lesion
A naturally or experimentally caused destruction of brain tis…
CT Scan
(Computed Tomography) A series of X-ray photographs taken fro…
52 terms
psychology-chapter 3
sensation
perception
*sensory threshold
*absolute threshold
taking in through senses (hear, feel, smell) then going to ne…
try to understand what your being exposed too (making sense o…
minimum intensity of a stimulus that will cause the sense org…
physical intensity of a stimulus that a person reports detect…
sensation
taking in through senses (hear, feel, smell) then going to ne…
perception
try to understand what your being exposed too (making sense o…
chapter 3 psychology
sensation
wavelength
longer wave length
perception
the activation of our sense receptors the conversation of ene…
is between two waves ... wavelength - color the shorter the wave…
the warmer the color is
how we interpret sensation
sensation
the activation of our sense receptors the conversation of ene…
wavelength
is between two waves ... wavelength - color the shorter the wave…
Psychology Chapter 3 Key Terms
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurons
Cell Body
the complex of nerve tissues that controls the activities of…
the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord.
a specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses; a nerve cell.
the nucleus-containing central part of a neuron exclusive of…
Central Nervous System
the complex of nerve tissues that controls the activities of…
Peripheral Nervous System
the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord.
138 terms
psychology chapter 3
neuropsychology
Sandra Wiltelson
nervous system
Two major categories of nervous system
the study of the brain
Collection of preserved human brain... studied Albert Einstiesn'…
- compel communication network in which signals are constantl…
Gila... neurons
neuropsychology
the study of the brain
Sandra Wiltelson
Collection of preserved human brain... studied Albert Einstiesn'…
15 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Terms
Naturalism
Rationalism
Deductive Reasoning
Cartesian Dualism
The worldview assumption anything besides God is responsible…
The use of deductive reasoning over sensory experience.
This begins with a truth that is certain and leads to deducin…
The belief that body and soul are connected at the conarium (…
Naturalism
The worldview assumption anything besides God is responsible…
Rationalism
The use of deductive reasoning over sensory experience.
Psychology Chapter 3
biopsychology
neuroscience
evolution
natural selection
the specialty in psychology that studies the interaction biol…
a relatively new interdisciplinary field that focuses on the…
the gradual process of biological change that occurs in a spe…
the driving force behind evolution, by which the environment…
biopsychology
the specialty in psychology that studies the interaction biol…
neuroscience
a relatively new interdisciplinary field that focuses on the…
18 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
adaptation
smell
the object reflects that wavelength of…
reflected
process in which receptors become less sensitive to repeated…
the sense that responds to the energy caused by movement of a…
How do you see color?
The majority of light waves that we see are....
adaptation
process in which receptors become less sensitive to repeated…
smell
the sense that responds to the energy caused by movement of a…
Psychology chapter 3
Perception
Sensation
Psychophysics
Example of Sensation and perception
Is the process by which the brain in interprets, analyzes, an…
The activation of the sense organs by stimulus (for example l…
The study of the relationship between the physical aspects of…
Fire alarm ... Sensation: ask about the loudness of the alarm…
Perception
Is the process by which the brain in interprets, analyzes, an…
Sensation
The activation of the sense organs by stimulus (for example l…
AP psychology chapter 3
biopsychology
neuroscience
evolution
natural selection
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
the gradual change in a species over time
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variat…
biopsychology
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
neuroscience
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
22 terms
Chapter 3/ Analytical psychology
Analytical Psychology
psyche
Psyche
libido
The school of psychology founded by Carl Jung.
-From the Greek term meaning "breath" or "principle of life",…
all psychological processes, thoughts, feelings, sensations,…
In Freud's theory, and emotional and psychic energy derived f…
Analytical Psychology
The school of psychology founded by Carl Jung.
psyche
-From the Greek term meaning "breath" or "principle of life",…
68 terms
Chapter 3 Psychology
Synesthesia
Sensation
Transduction
Just noticeable difference (and or the…
Disorder in which the signals from various sensory organs are…
The process that occurs when special receptors in the sense o…
The process of converting outside stimuli, such as light, int…
The smallest difference between two stimuli that is detectabl…
Synesthesia
Disorder in which the signals from various sensory organs are…
Sensation
The process that occurs when special receptors in the sense o…
Psychology: Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Receptor cell
Absolute threshold
Difference threshold or just noticeabl…
Weber's law
A specialized cell that responds to a particular type of ener…
The least amount of energy that can be detected as a stimulat…
The smallest change in stimulation that can be detected fifty…
The principle that the jnd for any given sense is a constant…
Receptor cell
A specialized cell that responds to a particular type of ener…
Absolute threshold
The least amount of energy that can be detected as a stimulat…
38 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
consciousness
cognition
cognitive neuroscience
dual processing
awareness of ourselves and our environment
mental processes
study of brain activity linked with cognition
idea that much of our thinking is processed on dual conscious…
consciousness
awareness of ourselves and our environment
cognition
mental processes
42 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
Cognitive Neuroscience
Dual Processing
Blindsight
Selective Attention
The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
The principle that information is often simultaneously proces…
A condition in which a person can respond to a visual stimulu…
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
Cognitive Neuroscience
The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
Dual Processing
The principle that information is often simultaneously proces…
59 terms
Psychology 111 Chapter 3
Natural selection
Genotype
Phenotype
Heredity
Darwin's theory that favorable adaptations to features of the…
Genetic structure an organism inherits from its parents (gene…
Observable characteristics of an organism, resulting from the…
The biological transmission of traits form parents to offspring
Natural selection
Darwin's theory that favorable adaptations to features of the…
Genotype
Genetic structure an organism inherits from its parents (gene…
21 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
alpha waves
amplitude
artificial environment
beta waves
the typical brainwave pattern that occurs when awake but very…
in terms of brain waves, the height of the peaks and troughs…
a place that is unfamiliar
typical brainwave pattern during normal waking consciousness,…
alpha waves
the typical brainwave pattern that occurs when awake but very…
amplitude
in terms of brain waves, the height of the peaks and troughs…
24 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
neurons
Cell Body
brain and spinal cord
Nerve cells that send messages between CNS and the rest of th…
nerve cells--run through our entire body and communicate with…
produces energy that fuels the activity of the cell
Central Nervous System
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Nerve cells that send messages between CNS and the rest of th…
psychology chapter 3
behavior genetics
environment
chromosomes
DNA
the study of relative power and limits of genetic and environ…
every non-genetic influence
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain genes
complex molecule containing genetic information that makes up…
behavior genetics
the study of relative power and limits of genetic and environ…
environment
every non-genetic influence
Psychology Chapter 3
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurotransmitter
Synapse
Autonomic Nervous System
system that transmits messages between the central nervous sy…
chemicals that transmit messages in the nervous systems
the junction between an axon terminal and a dendrite
system that regulates the body's vital functions
Peripheral Nervous System
system that transmits messages between the central nervous sy…
Neurotransmitter
chemicals that transmit messages in the nervous systems
Psychology chapter 3
Sensation
Transduction
JND( Difference threshold
Absolute threshold
The process that occurs when special receptors in the sensati…
The process of converting outside stimuli "such as light" to…
The smallest difference between two stimuli that is detectabl…
The lowest level of stimulation that a person can consciously…
Sensation
The process that occurs when special receptors in the sensati…
Transduction
The process of converting outside stimuli "such as light" to…
42 terms
Chapter 3: Ciccarelli Psychology
Sensation
Pupil
Iris
Cornea
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Iris opening that changes size depending on the amount of lig…
Its muscles control the size of the pupil.
Bends light waves to the image can be focused on the retina.
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Pupil
Iris opening that changes size depending on the amount of lig…
Psychology 1110; Chapter 3
Sensation
Perception
Sensory adaptation
Bottom-up processing
The process of detecting a physical stimulus, such as light,…
The process of integrating, organizing, and interpreting sens…
Decline in sensitivity to a constant stimulus
- Refers to processing that begins "at the bottom" with raw s…
Sensation
The process of detecting a physical stimulus, such as light,…
Perception
The process of integrating, organizing, and interpreting sens…
82 terms
Psychology Chapter 3: Biology and Behavior
Biological Psychologists
Neurons
Dendrites
Axon
People concerned with the links between biology and behavior.
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
The bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
The extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
Biological Psychologists
People concerned with the links between biology and behavior.
Neurons
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
31 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocab
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neurons
cell body
the part of the nervous system that consists of the brain & s…
made up of nerve cells that send messages btw the central ner…
nerve cells that run through our entire bodies & communicate…
produces energy that fuels the activities of the cell
central nervous system
the part of the nervous system that consists of the brain & s…
peripheral nervous system
made up of nerve cells that send messages btw the central ner…
31 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
Prosopagnosia
Incoming info that we get from our senses.
When you interpret it and give it a meaning.
Transformation of raw data into an electrochemical signal
See just fine, but lost ability to link one specific thing wi…
Sensation
Incoming info that we get from our senses.
Perception
When you interpret it and give it a meaning.
Psychology Chapter 3
neuron
Dendrite
Soma/ Cell Body
Axon
cell of the brain and nervous system
neuron
cell of the brain and nervous system
Dendrite
81 terms
Psychology- Chapter 3 Terms
Anterior
Apoptosis
Amygdala
Afferent axon
Located towards the front of the body
Process of programmed cell death.... the end of cortical develop…
A limbic system structure involved in memory and emotion, par…
an axon directed toward the CNS, conveying sensory information
Anterior
Located towards the front of the body
Apoptosis
Process of programmed cell death.... the end of cortical develop…
87 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Synaptic vesicle
nerve cell specialized for communication
Portion of neuron that receives signals
Portion of neuron that sends signals
Spherical sac containing neurotransmitters
Neuron
nerve cell specialized for communication
Dendrite
Portion of neuron that receives signals
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocab Words
Grasping Reflex
developmental psychology
rooting reflex
maturation
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his/h…
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
an infant's response in turning toward the source of touching…
the internally programmed growth of a child
Grasping Reflex
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his/h…
developmental psychology
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
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