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Study sets matching "psychology chapter 3"

39 terms
psychology chapter 3
biopsychology
neuroscience
DNA
gene
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
deoxyribonucleic acid, the material that contains the informa…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
biopsychology
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
neuroscience
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
18 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Review
Dopamine
Neurotransmitters:... (chemical messengers)
Damage to Broca's Area and Wernicke's…
Endocrine System
A neurotransmitter - involved in motor behavior
Chemicals that are stored in sacs in the axon terminals - A n…
Broca's area - Located in the frontal lobe; responsible for t…
Consists of 5 glands that secrete hormones.
Dopamine
A neurotransmitter - involved in motor behavior
Neurotransmitters:... (chemical messengers)
Chemicals that are stored in sacs in the axon terminals - A n…
24 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
neurons
Cell Body
brain and spinal cord
Nerve cells that send messages between CNS and the rest of th…
nerve cells--run through our entire body and communicate with…
produces energy that fuels the activity of the cell
Central Nervous System
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Nerve cells that send messages between CNS and the rest of th…
42 terms
Chapter 3: Ciccarelli Psychology
Sensation
Pupil
Iris
Cornea
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Iris opening that changes size depending on the amount of lig…
Its muscles control the size of the pupil.
Bends light waves to the image can be focused on the retina.
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Pupil
Iris opening that changes size depending on the amount of lig…
13 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
neurons
Cell Body
brain and spinal cord
Nerve cells that send messages between CNS and the rest of th…
nerve cells--run through our entire body and communicate with…
produces energy that fuels the activity of the cell
Central Nervous System
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Nerve cells that send messages between CNS and the rest of th…
66 terms
AP psychology chapter 3
biopsychology
neuroscience
evolution
natural selection
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
the gradual change in a species over time
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variat…
biopsychology
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
neuroscience
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
27 terms
Psychology chapter 3
sensation
Just Noticeable Difference (JND)
visible spectrum
wavelength
the process through which the senses pick up visual auditory,…
The smallest change in sensation that a person is able to det…
the narrow band of light waves that are visible to the eye
measure of the distance from the peak of a light wave to the…
sensation
the process through which the senses pick up visual auditory,…
Just Noticeable Difference (JND)
The smallest change in sensation that a person is able to det…
35 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Review
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurons (nerve cells)
Dendrites
Central Nervous System
Made up of nerve cells that send messages between the central…
Send and receive messages from other structures in the body (…
Thin fibers that receive information from other neurons; pass…
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Made up of nerve cells that send messages between the central…
Neurons (nerve cells)
Send and receive messages from other structures in the body (…
67 terms
Psychology: Chapter 3
Sensation
Perception
Absolute Threshold
Difference Threshold
Bringing information through the senses
Actively organizing and interpreting the information brought…
Minimum amount of sensory stimulation that can be detected 50…
Minimum difference detected 50% of the time (Two bowling ball…
Sensation
Bringing information through the senses
Perception
Actively organizing and interpreting the information brought…
Psychology Chapter 3
sensory neurons... motor neurons... intern…
synapse
demyelinating
dopamine
The nervous system is comprised of three types of neurons
Connections between neurons occur at what are called
Multiple sclerosis is a result of
Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, and encephalitis lethargi…
sensory neurons... motor neurons... intern…
The nervous system is comprised of three types of neurons
synapse
Connections between neurons occur at what are called
74 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
What is sensation?
Perception
Visible spectrum
Wavelength
The process through which the senses pick up visual, auditory…
The process by which the brain actively organizes and interpr…
The narrow band of light waves that are visible to the human…
A measure of the distance from the peak of a light wave to th…
What is sensation?
The process through which the senses pick up visual, auditory…
Perception
The process by which the brain actively organizes and interpr…
34 terms
Psychology: Chapter 3 Terms
sleep
circadian rhythm
REM sleep
alpha waves
periodic, natural loss of consciousness -- as distinct from u…
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
rapid eye movement sleep; a recurring sleep stage during whic…
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state
sleep
periodic, natural loss of consciousness -- as distinct from u…
circadian rhythm
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
Chapter 3 Psychology Vocabulary
Rooting Reflex
Gripping Reflex
Developmental Psychology
Socialization
Infant's response in turning toward the source of touching th…
Infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or h…
Study of changes that occur as an individual matures
Process of learning the behavior rules of one's culture
Rooting Reflex
Infant's response in turning toward the source of touching th…
Gripping Reflex
Infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or h…
37 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 3: Consciousness
consciousness
circadian rhythm
REM (rapid eye movement) sleep
alpha waves
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
rapid eye movement sleep; a recurring sleep stage during whic…
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state.
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
circadian rhythm
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
47 terms
Psychology and You: Chapter 3
cerebral cortex
hemisphere
corpus callosum
lobes
-the outermost layer of the brain ... -largest structure
one half of the cerebral cortex; each half controls that oppo…
-bundle of nerves that connect the two hemispheres... -allows th…
4 major divisions of the cerebral cortex
cerebral cortex
-the outermost layer of the brain ... -largest structure
hemisphere
one half of the cerebral cortex; each half controls that oppo…
10 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Flashcards
Vision
White Light
Hearing
Decibel Scale
Being able to visual see the environment around you
Ordinary daylight that contains all the wavelengths and visib…
Perceiving sound through wavelengths
The measure of sound level
Vision
Being able to visual see the environment around you
White Light
Ordinary daylight that contains all the wavelengths and visib…
29 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Key Terms
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurons
Cell Body
the complex of nerve tissues that controls the activities of…
the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord.
a specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses; a nerve cell.
the nucleus-containing central part of a neuron exclusive of…
Central Nervous System
the complex of nerve tissues that controls the activities of…
Peripheral Nervous System
the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord.
66 terms
AP psychology chapter 3
biopsychology
neuroscience
evolution
natural selection
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
the gradual change in a species over time
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variat…
biopsychology
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
neuroscience
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
29 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Neurons
Cell body
...The part of the nervous system that consists of the brain…
...The neurons that connect the central nervous system to the…
...A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous syst…
...The part of a neuron that produces the energy needed for t…
Central nervous system
...The part of the nervous system that consists of the brain…
Peripheral nervous system
...The neurons that connect the central nervous system to the…
22 terms
Chapter 3/ Analytical psychology
Analytical Psychology
psyche
Psyche
libido
The school of psychology founded by Carl Jung.
-From the Greek term meaning "breath" or "principle of life",…
all psychological processes, thoughts, feelings, sensations,…
In Freud's theory, and emotional and psychic energy derived f…
Analytical Psychology
The school of psychology founded by Carl Jung.
psyche
-From the Greek term meaning "breath" or "principle of life",…
107 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 (Sensation)
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
Adaption
Transmission of neural impulses to the brain, by activation o…
Our individual understanding and awareness of an environment.…
Conversion of stimuli received by the receptors into a form (…
Occurs very rapidly when odors and tastes are involved, loss…
Sensation
Transmission of neural impulses to the brain, by activation o…
Perception
Our individual understanding and awareness of an environment.…
23 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
Sensation
Perception
Amplitude
Saturation
Activation of receptors by stimuili in the environment (When…
The process of organizing and making sense of sensory informa…
Strength or intensity of a stimulus (brightness for visual st…
Trueness or purity of a color.
Sensation
Activation of receptors by stimuili in the environment (When…
Perception
The process of organizing and making sense of sensory informa…
66 terms
AP psychology chapter 3
biopsychology
neuroscience
evolution
natural selection
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
the gradual change in a species over time
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variat…
biopsychology
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
neuroscience
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
80 terms
Psychology 202 Chapter 3
Consciousness
Materialism
Freudian Slip
Subliminal Perception
The combination of a person's subjective experience of the ex…
The idea that the brain and the mind are inseparable, and tha…
We express an unconscious thought at an inappropriate time or…
The processing of information by sensory systems without a pe…
Consciousness
The combination of a person's subjective experience of the ex…
Materialism
The idea that the brain and the mind are inseparable, and tha…
21 terms
Understanding Psychology Chapter 3
developmental psychology
grasping reflex
rooting reflex
maturation
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his o…
an infant's response in turning toward the source of touching…
the internally programmed growth of a child
developmental psychology
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
grasping reflex
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his o…
88 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Neuroscience
Mental Processes carried out by the br…
Concept of Cognition
Concerns itself with the structure and functions of the mind.…
Combines knowledge about the brain with knowledge about cogni…
Perception, Thinking, Problem Solving, Memory, Language, and…
Refers to Mental Processes
Cognitive Psychology
Concerns itself with the structure and functions of the mind.…
Cognitive Neuroscience
Combines knowledge about the brain with knowledge about cogni…
52 terms
psychology-chapter 3
sensation
perception
*sensory threshold
*absolute threshold
taking in through senses (hear, feel, smell) then going to ne…
try to understand what your being exposed too (making sense o…
minimum intensity of a stimulus that will cause the sense org…
physical intensity of a stimulus that a person reports detect…
sensation
taking in through senses (hear, feel, smell) then going to ne…
perception
try to understand what your being exposed too (making sense o…
72 terms
Psychology Schacter Chapter 3
Neurons
Cell body
Dendrite
Axon
Cells in the nervous system that communicate with one another…
The part of a neuron that coordinates information-processing…
The part of a neuron that receives information from other neu…
The part of a neuron that transmits information to other neur…
Neurons
Cells in the nervous system that communicate with one another…
Cell body
The part of a neuron that coordinates information-processing…
18 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
adaptation
smell
the object reflects that wavelength of…
reflected
process in which receptors become less sensitive to repeated…
the sense that responds to the energy caused by movement of a…
How do you see color?
The majority of light waves that we see are....
adaptation
process in which receptors become less sensitive to repeated…
smell
the sense that responds to the energy caused by movement of a…
15 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Terms
Naturalism
Rationalism
Deductive Reasoning
Cartesian Dualism
The worldview assumption anything besides God is responsible…
The use of deductive reasoning over sensory experience.
This begins with a truth that is certain and leads to deducin…
The belief that body and soul are connected at the conarium (…
Naturalism
The worldview assumption anything besides God is responsible…
Rationalism
The use of deductive reasoning over sensory experience.
50 terms
Cognitive Psychology Chapter 3
Agnosia
amacrine cell
Binocular Depth Cues
Binocular convergence
have trouble to perceive sensory information , loss or diminu…
A neuronin the retina that interconnects adjacent ganglion ce…
Binocular convergence ... Binocular disparity
Eyes turn inward as object moves toward you; brain uses this…
Agnosia
have trouble to perceive sensory information , loss or diminu…
amacrine cell
A neuronin the retina that interconnects adjacent ganglion ce…
76 terms
Psychology chapter 3
Perception
Sensation
Psychophysics
Example of Sensation and perception
Is the process by which the brain in interprets, analyzes, an…
The activation of the sense organs by stimulus (for example l…
The study of the relationship between the physical aspects of…
Fire alarm ... Sensation: ask about the loudness of the alarm…
Perception
Is the process by which the brain in interprets, analyzes, an…
Sensation
The activation of the sense organs by stimulus (for example l…
31 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
Chromosomes
DNA
Genes
Genome
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
The biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosome…
All the genetic information in an organism; all of an organis…
Chromosomes
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
DNA
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
38 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
consciousness
cognition
cognitive neuroscience
dual processing
awareness of ourselves and our environment
mental processes
study of brain activity linked with cognition
idea that much of our thinking is processed on dual conscious…
consciousness
awareness of ourselves and our environment
cognition
mental processes
41 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 3
Lesion
CT Scan
PET Scan
MRI
A naturally or experimentally caused destruction of brain tis…
(Computed Tomography) A series of X-ray photographs taken fro…
(Positron Emission Tomography) A visual display of brain acti…
(Magnetic Resonance Imaging) A technique that uses magnetic f…
Lesion
A naturally or experimentally caused destruction of brain tis…
CT Scan
(Computed Tomography) A series of X-ray photographs taken fro…
26 terms
Chapter 3 psychology
properties of light
order that light travels through the eye
cornea
how can you change/ fix the cornea
brightness, color, saturation
1. enters cornea and pupil... 2. through the lens... 3. into the re…
membrane on surface of the eye. helps focus light
lasik surgery
properties of light
brightness, color, saturation
order that light travels through the eye
1. enters cornea and pupil... 2. through the lens... 3. into the re…
47 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
DNA
Chromosome
Genome
Genes
A molecule that contains genes
A coiled up thread of DNA
All the genetic information in the DNA
Small segments of DNA that contain information for producing…
DNA
A molecule that contains genes
Chromosome
A coiled up thread of DNA
82 terms
psychology chapter 3
sensation (biological)
agnosia... proof that sensation and perce…
sensory receptors
just noticeable difference
meaningless output of the senses-the firing of the neurons... re…
inability to recognize familiar objects despite clear vision…
specialized neurons ... stimulated by different kinds of ENERGY…
smallest difference between two stimuli that is detectable 50…
sensation (biological)
meaningless output of the senses-the firing of the neurons... re…
agnosia... proof that sensation and perce…
inability to recognize familiar objects despite clear vision…
33 terms
chapter 3 psychology
sensation
wavelength
longer wave length
perception
the activation of our sense receptors the conversation of ene…
is between two waves ... wavelength - color the shorter the wave…
the warmer the color is
how we interpret sensation
sensation
the activation of our sense receptors the conversation of ene…
wavelength
is between two waves ... wavelength - color the shorter the wave…
36 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
What are the two parts of the nervous…
What is the CNS made up of?
What is the PNS made up of?
What are neurons?
Central nervous system, peripheral nervous system
Brain & spinal cord
Nerve cells that communicate with CNS and the rest of the body
Nerve cells
What are the two parts of the nervous…
Central nervous system, peripheral nervous system
What is the CNS made up of?
Brain & spinal cord
35 terms
Chapter 3 Review Psychology-Stroth
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurons(nerve cells)
Dendrites
Central Nervous System
Made up of nerve cells that send messages between the central…
Send and receive messages from other structures in the body(s…
thin fibers that receive information from other neurons and p…
consists of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Made up of nerve cells that send messages between the central…
Neurons(nerve cells)
Send and receive messages from other structures in the body(s…
31 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
neurons
Axon
brain and spinal cord
Nerve cells that send messages between CNS and the rest of th…
nerve cells run through our entire body and communicate with…
Carries information away from the away from cell body
Central Nervous System
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Nerve cells that send messages between CNS and the rest of th…
138 terms
psychology chapter 3
neuropsychology
Sandra Wiltelson
nervous system
Two major categories of nervous system
the study of the brain
Collection of preserved human brain... studied Albert Einstiesn'…
- compel communication network in which signals are constantl…
Gila... neurons
neuropsychology
the study of the brain
Sandra Wiltelson
Collection of preserved human brain... studied Albert Einstiesn'…
90 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
sensation
sensory receptors
sensory organs
transduction
the activation of receptors in the various sensory organs
specialized form of sensory neurons that are stimulated by di…
eyes, ears, nose, taste buds, skin
turning outside stimuli into neural activity
sensation
the activation of receptors in the various sensory organs
sensory receptors
specialized form of sensory neurons that are stimulated by di…
51 terms
Psychology chapter 3
Sensation
Transduction
JND( Difference threshold
Absolute threshold
The process that occurs when special receptors in the sensati…
The process of converting outside stimuli "such as light" to…
The smallest difference between two stimuli that is detectabl…
The lowest level of stimulation that a person can consciously…
Sensation
The process that occurs when special receptors in the sensati…
Transduction
The process of converting outside stimuli "such as light" to…
96 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 3 Terms
Occipital Lobe
Visual Cortex
Temporal Lobe
Auditory Cortex
An area at the back of each cerebral hemisphere that is the p…
Located in the occipital lobe. Some impulses from the left ey…
An area on each hemisphere of the cerebral cortex near the te…
A an area in the temporal lobe of the brain that is reponsibl…
Occipital Lobe
An area at the back of each cerebral hemisphere that is the p…
Visual Cortex
Located in the occipital lobe. Some impulses from the left ey…
42 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
Cognitive Neuroscience
Dual Processing
Blindsight
Selective Attention
The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
The principle that information is often simultaneously proces…
A condition in which a person can respond to a visual stimulu…
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
Cognitive Neuroscience
The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
Dual Processing
The principle that information is often simultaneously proces…
31 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Vocab
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neurons
cell body
the part of the nervous system that consists of the brain & s…
made up of nerve cells that send messages btw the central ner…
nerve cells that run through our entire bodies & communicate…
produces energy that fuels the activities of the cell
central nervous system
the part of the nervous system that consists of the brain & s…
peripheral nervous system
made up of nerve cells that send messages btw the central ner…
33 terms
Psychology 1110; Chapter 3
Sensation
Perception
Sensory adaptation
Bottom-up processing
The process of detecting a physical stimulus, such as light,…
The process of integrating, organizing, and interpreting sens…
Decline in sensitivity to a constant stimulus
- Refers to processing that begins "at the bottom" with raw s…
Sensation
The process of detecting a physical stimulus, such as light,…
Perception
The process of integrating, organizing, and interpreting sens…
64 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
neuron
Dendrite
Soma/ Cell Body
Axon
cell of the brain and nervous system
neuron
cell of the brain and nervous system
Dendrite
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