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Study sets matching "psychology chapter 5"

54 terms
Psychology In Everyday Life Chapter 5
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
bottom-up processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process by which our brain organizes and interprets senso…
Changing one form of energy into another. In sensation, the t…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process by which our brain organizes and interprets senso…
62 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
perception
computational approach
constructivist approach
ecological approach
the process through which people take raw sensation from the…
an approach to perception that focuses on how computational b…
a view of perception taken by those who argue that the percep…
an approach to perception maintaining that humans and other s…
perception
the process through which people take raw sensation from the…
computational approach
an approach to perception that focuses on how computational b…
26 terms
Psychology chapter 5
Learning
Instinct
Reflex
Classical conditioning
A relatively permanent change in behavior or knowledge as a r…
a set of behaviors that are both unlearned and set in motion…
action is an automatic (otherwise called involuntary) neuromu…
is one form of learning in which an organism "learns" through…
Learning
A relatively permanent change in behavior or knowledge as a r…
Instinct
a set of behaviors that are both unlearned and set in motion…
33 terms
AP psychology chapter 5
consciousness
cognitive neuroscience
nonconscious processes
preconscious memories
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
Any brain process that does not involve conscious processing,…
Information that is not currently in consciousness but can be…
consciousness
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
cognitive neuroscience
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
30 terms
AP psychology chapter 5
consciousness
cognitive neuroscience
nonconscious processes
preconscious memories
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
Any brain process that does not involve conscious processing,…
Information that is not currently in consciousness but can be…
consciousness
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
cognitive neuroscience
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
33 terms
AP psychology chapter 5
consciousness
cognitive neuroscience
nonconscious processes
preconscious memories
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
Any brain process that does not involve conscious processing,…
Information that is not currently in consciousness but can be…
consciousness
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
cognitive neuroscience
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
49 terms
psychology-chapter 5
what is learning
stimulus=
response=
*unconditioned stimulus UCS
permanent change in behavior ... -has to take practice or experi…
starts
natural
stimulus that can already elicit a response... -you don't learn…
what is learning
permanent change in behavior ... -has to take practice or experi…
stimulus=
starts
31 terms
Psychology: Chapter 5 Terms
sex
gender
aggression
relational aggression
in psychology, the biologically influenced characteristics by…
in psychology, the socially influenced characteristics by whi…
any physical or verbal behavior intended to harm someone phys…
an act of aggression (physical or verbal) intended to harm a…
sex
in psychology, the biologically influenced characteristics by…
gender
in psychology, the socially influenced characteristics by whi…
48 terms
Chapter 5 Psychology Terms
developmental psychology
zygote
embryo
fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
developmental psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
26 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 Key Terms
Consciousness
Selective Attention
Preconscious
Unconscious
Awareness of things inside and outside ourselves.
Focusing on a particular stimulus.
Ideas are not in your awareness right now, but you can recall…
The part of the mind that is inaccessible to the conscious mi…
Consciousness
Awareness of things inside and outside ourselves.
Selective Attention
Focusing on a particular stimulus.
18 terms
Psychology chapter 5
human development
nature
nurture
physical development
the scientific study of the changes that occur in people as t…
the influence of our inherited characteristics on our persona…
The influence of the environment on personality, physical gro…
development of the body
human development
the scientific study of the changes that occur in people as t…
nature
the influence of our inherited characteristics on our persona…
83 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 5
According to research by Dweck, a ____…
In a recent study by Masicampo & Baume…
Which of the following is most likely…
Athletes like Michael Jordan and Mia H…
growth mindset
lemonade with sugar; sugar-free lemonade
Internal Attributions
Growth
According to research by Dweck, a ____…
growth mindset
In a recent study by Masicampo & Baume…
lemonade with sugar; sugar-free lemonade
33 terms
Psychological Sciences, chapter 5
sensation
perception
transduction
signal detection theory
organs physically detect a stimulus and transmit information…
the brain processes and interprets the information that was s…
receptors produce chemical or electrical signals that go to t…
detection of a faint stimulus requires a judgment - it is NOT…
sensation
organs physically detect a stimulus and transmit information…
perception
the brain processes and interprets the information that was s…
Chapter 5 Psychology
Behaviorism
Nurture VS Nature
Learning
Association
The processes behind learning based on environmental reasoning
How someone is raised vs how their genetics are coded
changing of already known behavior and knowledge
The result of conditioning. IE; the cat thinks it gets food w…
Behaviorism
The processes behind learning based on environmental reasoning
Nurture VS Nature
How someone is raised vs how their genetics are coded
25 terms
Psychology Chapter 5
Consciousness
Selective Attention
Preconscious
Unconscious
Awareness of ourselves and our environment
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus.
Contains material just beneath the surface of awareness that…
According to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable though…
Consciousness
Awareness of ourselves and our environment
Selective Attention
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus.
25 terms
Psychology Chapter 5
Psychophysics
Visual Perception
Absolute threshold
Signal detection technique
Stimulus Detection, difference thresholds, weber's law
Light, Color Vision, Illusions
Stimulus detection. Intensity level at which people detect th…
Used to determine detection ability also may vary from trial…
Psychophysics
Stimulus Detection, difference thresholds, weber's law
Visual Perception
Light, Color Vision, Illusions
35 terms
Psychology - Chapter 5
Addiction
Alpha waves
Amphetamines
Barbiturates
craving for a drug no matter the consequences
slow brain waves of a relaxed awake state
drugs that stimulate neural activity
drug that slows CNS, reduces anxiety but impairs judgement (e…
Addiction
craving for a drug no matter the consequences
Alpha waves
slow brain waves of a relaxed awake state
26 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Consciousness
Selective Attention
Preconscious
Unconscious
Awareness of oneself and one's environment.
The focusing of attention on a particular stimulus.
Descriptive of information that is not conscious, but is retr…
According to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable though…
Consciousness
Awareness of oneself and one's environment.
Selective Attention
The focusing of attention on a particular stimulus.
25 terms
Psychology Chapter 5: Consciousness
Consciousness
Construct
Preconscious
Nonconscious
awareness of oneself and one's environment
a theoretical entity, or concept, that enables one to discuss…
descriptive of information that is not conscious but is retri…
descriptive of bodily processes, such as the growing of hair,…
Consciousness
awareness of oneself and one's environment
Construct
a theoretical entity, or concept, that enables one to discuss…
17 terms
Chapter 5 Psychology for Success
Positive Thinking
Optimism
Attitude
Negative Thinking
Focusing on what is good about yourself , other people and th…
The tendency to expect the best possible outcome.
A belief or opinion that predisposes you to act in a certain…
Focusing on the flaws and problems in yourself , other people…
Positive Thinking
Focusing on what is good about yourself , other people and th…
Optimism
The tendency to expect the best possible outcome.
54 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 Vocab
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
bottom-up processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process by which our brain organizes and interprets senso…
Changing one form of energy into another. In sensation, the t…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process by which our brain organizes and interprets senso…
56 terms
Psychology Chapter 5
What does developmental psychology do?
What are the three issues developmenta…
Zygote
Embryo
Examines physical, cognitive, and social development across o…
1. Nature vs. Nurture... 2. Continuity and stages (how abruptly…
Fertilized egg that enters 2 weeks of rapid cell division and…
Developing organism from 2-8 weeks
What does developmental psychology do?
Examines physical, cognitive, and social development across o…
What are the three issues developmenta…
1. Nature vs. Nurture... 2. Continuity and stages (how abruptly…
37 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
Classical Conditioning
Ivan Pavlov
Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS)
Unconditioned Response (UCR)
Learning through association... A tendency to connect events tha…
Accidentally discovered classical conditioning
Stimulus that naturally and automatically triggers a response
Unlearned, naturally occurring response to the unconditioned…
Classical Conditioning
Learning through association... A tendency to connect events tha…
Ivan Pavlov
Accidentally discovered classical conditioning
36 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 (Learning)
Learning
Classical (or Pavlovian) Conditioning
Unconditional Stimulus
Unconditional Response
The process by which experience or practice results in a rela…
The type of learning in which a response naturally elicited b…
A stimulus that invariably causes an organism to respond in a…
A response that takes place in an organism whenever an uncond…
Learning
The process by which experience or practice results in a rela…
Classical (or Pavlovian) Conditioning
The type of learning in which a response naturally elicited b…
12 terms
Psychology Chapter 5
Consciousness
Altered State of Consciousness
REM Sleep
Insomnia
awareness of things inside and outside ourselves
a state of consciousness in which a person's sense of self or…
sleep stage characterized by irregular breathing, increased b…
the inability to sleep
Consciousness
awareness of things inside and outside ourselves
Altered State of Consciousness
a state of consciousness in which a person's sense of self or…
12 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 Terms
Menopause
Adapt
generativity
stagnation
the biological event in which a woman's production of sex hor…
to change in order to meet the demands of a certain environme…
the desire, in middle age, to use one's accumulated wisdom to…
a discontinuation of development and a desire to recapture th…
Menopause
the biological event in which a woman's production of sex hor…
Adapt
to change in order to meet the demands of a certain environme…
60 terms
Psychology Chapter 5
Synesthesia
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
Mixing of the senses, due to cross wiring of the brain so act…
The stimulus-detection process by which our sense organs resp…
Making sense of what our senses tell us, it is the active pro…
The process whereby the characteristics of a stimulus are con…
Synesthesia
Mixing of the senses, due to cross wiring of the brain so act…
Sensation
The stimulus-detection process by which our sense organs resp…
125 terms
Psychology Chapter 5
Grey Matter of Brain
White Matter of Brain
Brain Stem
Midbrain
Dendrites and Cell body
Axons
Connects brain to spinal cord (ascending and descending tracts)
- Upper part of brain stem... - Contains neural centers- organiz…
Grey Matter of Brain
Dendrites and Cell body
White Matter of Brain
Axons
54 terms
Psychology In Everyday Life Chapter 5
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
bottom-up processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process by which our brain organizes and interprets senso…
Changing one form of energy into another. In sensation, the t…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process by which our brain organizes and interprets senso…
18 terms
Psychology Chapter 5
Something activates our sensory cells,…
neurotransmitters area activated by
absolute threshold
Tactile sensory
peripheral system
molecules in the air, nose, and mouth
minimal stimulation necessary for perception
1. each cell is activated by a tactile stimulus... 2. a signal i…
Something activates our sensory cells,…
peripheral system
neurotransmitters area activated by
molecules in the air, nose, and mouth
22 terms
Psychology Chapter 5
Early adulthood
Reassessment
Daniel Levinson
Generativity
20-40 years of age
Rethinking decisions and setting new goal, "age 30 transition"
This psychologist researched adult male developmental stages
A feeling of concern about, or interest in guiding and shapin…
Early adulthood
20-40 years of age
Reassessment
Rethinking decisions and setting new goal, "age 30 transition"
47 terms
Psychology chapter 5 Terms
sensation
perception
photoreceptors
chemoreceptors
process by which external physical energy and chemicals stimu…
process by which we organize, interpret, and give meaning to…
a type of sensation that is activated by electromagnetic ener…
a type of sensation that is activated by chemical substances…
sensation
process by which external physical energy and chemicals stimu…
perception
process by which we organize, interpret, and give meaning to…
21 terms
Psychology: Chapter 5
Sensation
Perception
Absolute thresholds
Difference threshold
the detection of physical stimuli and transmission of the inf…
the brain's further processing, organization, and interpretat…
the minimum intensity of stimulation that must occur before y…
the minimum amount of change required between two stimuli
Sensation
the detection of physical stimuli and transmission of the inf…
Perception
the brain's further processing, organization, and interpretat…
89 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
absolute threshold
audition
basilar membrane
basket cells
The smallest magnitude of a stimulus that can be detected hal…
the sense of hearing.
One of the membranes that separate the two tubes of the cochl…
Sensory receptor cells at the base of hairs that detect press…
absolute threshold
The smallest magnitude of a stimulus that can be detected hal…
audition
the sense of hearing.
40 terms
The World of Psychology, Chapter 5: Learning
learning
classical conditioning
stimulus
reflexes
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
A form of associative learning in which a neutral stimulus be…
Any change or signal in the environment that can make an orga…
Unlearned, organized involuntary responses that occur automat…
learning
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
classical conditioning
A form of associative learning in which a neutral stimulus be…
18 terms
Psychology: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Conditioning
Learning
Classical (or Pavlovian) conditioning
Operant or instrumental conditioning
The acquisition of specific patterns of behavior in the prese…
The process by which experience or practice results in a rela…
The type of learning in which a response naturally elicited b…
The type of learning in which behaviors are emitted (in the p…
Conditioning
The acquisition of specific patterns of behavior in the prese…
Learning
The process by which experience or practice results in a rela…
23 terms
Understanding Psychology - Chapter 5
Menopause
Generativity
Stagnation
Decremental model of aging
The biological event in which a woman's production of sex hor…
The desire, in middle age, to use one's accumulated wisdom to…
A discontinuation of development and a desire to recapture th…
Idea that progressive physical and mental decline are inevita…
Menopause
The biological event in which a woman's production of sex hor…
Generativity
The desire, in middle age, to use one's accumulated wisdom to…
Psychology: Chapter 5: Sight
Sensations
Perception
Light
Hue
the elementary component of an experience
the collection of processes used to interpret sensations
the small part of the electromagnetic spectrum that is proces…
the dimension of light that produces color
Sensations
the elementary component of an experience
Perception
the collection of processes used to interpret sensations
125 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 Terms
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up processing
Top-down processing
the detection of physical stimuli and transmission of that in…
the brain's further processing, organization, and interpretat…
perception based on the physical features of the stimulus.
perception shaped by knowledge, expectations, or past experie…
Sensation
the detection of physical stimuli and transmission of that in…
Perception
the brain's further processing, organization, and interpretat…
39 terms
Psychology Chapter 5
Developmental Psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
A branch of psychology that study physical, cognitive, and so…
The fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
The developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
The developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Developmental Psychology
A branch of psychology that study physical, cognitive, and so…
Zygote
The fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
20 terms
psychology chapter 5
bottom- up processing
gate- control theroy
feshner's law
helmholtz place theroy
Perception that consists of recognizing and processing info a…
asserts that non-painful input closes the "gates" to painful…
the concept that the magnitude of a subjective sensation incr…
theory of hearing which states that our perception of sound d…
bottom- up processing
Perception that consists of recognizing and processing info a…
gate- control theroy
asserts that non-painful input closes the "gates" to painful…
23 terms
Understanding Psychology - Chapter 5
Menopause
Generativity
Stagnation
Decremental model of aging
The biological event in which a woman's production of sex hor…
The desire, in middle age, to use one's accumulated wisdom to…
A discontinuation of development and a desire to recapture th…
Idea that progressive physical and mental decline are inevita…
Menopause
The biological event in which a woman's production of sex hor…
Generativity
The desire, in middle age, to use one's accumulated wisdom to…
28 terms
Psychology Hockenbury Chapter 5
Ivan Pavlov
Classical Conditioning
Unconditioned Stimulus
Conditioned Stimulus
A brilliant scientist who directed several research laborator…
The basic learning process that involves repeatedly pairing a…
The natural stimulus that reflexively elicits a response with…
A formerly neutral stimulus that acquires the capacity to eli…
Ivan Pavlov
A brilliant scientist who directed several research laborator…
Classical Conditioning
The basic learning process that involves repeatedly pairing a…
41 terms
Psychology Chapter 5
Recent studies indicate that 1 in ____…
_____ is the most common sexually tran…
The bacterium that causes gonorrhea no…
Your sexual partner has a discharge th…
2
Trichomoniasis
on mucous membranes
because only 80% of men and 20% of women show early symptoms,…
Recent studies indicate that 1 in ____…
2
_____ is the most common sexually tran…
Trichomoniasis
15 terms
Intro to Psychology Chapter 5
Consciousness
Waking consciousness
altered state of consciousness
Beta Wave
Mental awareness of sensations and perceptions of external ev…
a state of clear, organized alertness
a condition of awareness distinctly different in quality or p…
small, fast brainwaves associated with being awake and alert
Consciousness
Mental awareness of sensations and perceptions of external ev…
Waking consciousness
a state of clear, organized alertness
70 terms
Chapter 5 & 6 Sensation & Perception AP Psychology Myers
Sensation
Perception
Top-down processing
Selective attention
the raw data of experience; sensory stimulation; example are…
the mental process of sorting, identifying, and arranging raw…
Constructing perceptions based on our experiences and expecta…
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
Sensation
the raw data of experience; sensory stimulation; example are…
Perception
the mental process of sorting, identifying, and arranging raw…
70 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 5
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-up processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental process,…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
34 terms
AP PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 5
consciousness
circadian rhythm
REM (rapid eye movement) sleep (Parado…
alpha waves
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
rapid eye movement sleep; a recurring sleep stage during whic…
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state (st…
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
circadian rhythm
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
55 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 Terms
sensory memory (SM)
iconic memory
temporal integration procedure
Sperling's full-report procedure
sensory registers that serve as holding places for incoming s…
a momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli; a photographic…
Experimental procedure in which 2 meaningless visual patterns…
An experiment procedure where a brief presentation of a matri…
sensory memory (SM)
sensory registers that serve as holding places for incoming s…
iconic memory
a momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli; a photographic…
35 terms
psychology chapter 5
learning
behaviorism
classic conditioning
operant conditioning
systematic, relatively permanent change in behavior that occu…
a theory of learning that focuses on observable behaviors
organisms learn the association between two stimuli. As a res…
organisms learn the association between a behavior and a cons…
learning
systematic, relatively permanent change in behavior that occu…
behaviorism
a theory of learning that focuses on observable behaviors
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