Study sets matching "psychology chapter 6"

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33 terms
Glencoe Psychology Chapter 6
autonomic nervous system
EEG
central nervous system
parts of the neuron
regulates involuntary muscles and organs
measures electrical activity in the brain
brain and spinal cord
dendrites, cell body, axon, terminal buttons
autonomic nervous system
regulates involuntary muscles and organs
EEG
measures electrical activity in the brain
45 terms
AP psychology chapter 6
learning
habituation
mere exposure effect
behavioral learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation
this phenomenon causes one to prefer a stimulus as a conseque…
forms of learning, such as classical conditioning and operant…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
habituation
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation
33 terms
Chapter 6 Psychology Terms
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Psychology Chapter 6
Stimulus
Classical Conditioning
Unconditional Stimulus
Unconditional Response Preview
Something that produces a reaction
Simple form of learning where 1 stimulus elicits response usu…
A stimulus that causes a response that is automatic, not lear…
An automatic response to a stimulus
Stimulus
Something that produces a reaction
Classical Conditioning
Simple form of learning where 1 stimulus elicits response usu…
28 terms
Psychology Chapter 6 Learning
Stimulus
Response
Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
A feature in the environment that is detected by an organism…
An observable reaction to a stimulus.
A type of learning that involves stimulus-response connection…
A type of learning in which a neutral stimulus comes to elici…
Stimulus
A feature in the environment that is detected by an organism…
Response
An observable reaction to a stimulus.
Psychology: Chapter 6
central nervous system
spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
neuron
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
a major part of the central nervous system which conducts sen…
all the nerve branches outside the spine
A cell that carries information through the nervous system
central nervous system
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
spinal cord
a major part of the central nervous system which conducts sen…
Psychology Chapter 6
Memory
Transduction
Sensory memory
Short term memory
is the process in which information is encoded, stored, and r…
is the process of converting one form of energy into another.
is the shortest-term element of memory. It is the ability to…
also known as primary or active memory, is the information we…
Memory
is the process in which information is encoded, stored, and r…
Transduction
is the process of converting one form of energy into another.
Psychology Chapter 6 Learning
type of learning that involves stimulu…
something that produces a reaction/res…
simple form of learning in which a sti…
stimulus that causes a response that i…
Conditioning
Stimulus
Classical Conditioning
Unconditioned Stimulus
type of learning that involves stimulu…
Conditioning
something that produces a reaction/res…
Stimulus
58 terms
Psychology: Chapter 6 Terms
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
36 terms
psychology chapter 6
pavlov's experiment
classical conditioning vs operant cond…
Classical conditioning
Phobias
dog experiment- could he teach the dogs to salivate w/out foo…
classical(pavlov)=unvoluntary ; operant(thornedike)=voluntary
unvoluntary; pavlov; US UR CS CR; phobias; food & taste avers…
(classic cond.) little albert (john watson)
pavlov's experiment
dog experiment- could he teach the dogs to salivate w/out foo…
classical conditioning vs operant cond…
classical(pavlov)=unvoluntary ; operant(thornedike)=voluntary
AP psychology chapter 6
learning
habituation
mere exposure effect
behavioral learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation
this phenomenon causes one to prefer a stimulus as a conseque…
forms of learning, such as classical conditioning and operant…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
habituation
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation
Psychology: Chapter 6
Vestibular Sense
Kinesthesis
Sensation
Perception
Sense of balance and body movement
The system for sensing the position and movement of individua…
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Vestibular Sense
Sense of balance and body movement
Kinesthesis
The system for sensing the position and movement of individua…
Psychology Chapter 6 Key Terms
Stimulus
Response
Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
a thing or event that evokes a specific functional reaction i…
a reaction to something.
a behavioral process whereby a response becomes more frequent…
conditioning in which the conditioned stimulus (as the sound…
Stimulus
a thing or event that evokes a specific functional reaction i…
Response
a reaction to something.
23 terms
Psychology Chapter 6 Bio
autonomic nervous system
EEG
central nervous system
parts of the neuron
regulates involuntary muscles and organs
measures electrical activity in the brain
brain and spinal cord
dendrites, cell body, axon, terminal buttons
autonomic nervous system
regulates involuntary muscles and organs
EEG
measures electrical activity in the brain
60 terms
psychology-chapter 6
encoding
storage
retrieval
iconic
put into memory... -store information
maintain in memory... -cant remember calculus
recovery from memory... -getting out of memory "what's that movie"
sensory associated with VISION... -think "eye"
encoding
put into memory... -store information
storage
maintain in memory... -cant remember calculus
61 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 6
sensation
perception
bottom-up-processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
44 terms
Psychology Chapter 6
John Locke's view on learning
Learning
Examples of Classical Conditioning
Psychic Reflex
"Tabula Tasa" or Blank paper. Learning must fill out the blan…
any relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge due to…
Pavlov's Dogs, Little albert
Pavlov's dogs would start salivating before the meat powder w…
John Locke's view on learning
"Tabula Tasa" or Blank paper. Learning must fill out the blan…
Learning
any relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge due to…
25 terms
psychology chapter 6
flooding
primary reinforce
conditioned response
systematic desensitization
a fear reduction techniques that involves exposing the indivi…
a stimulus such as food or warmth that has reinforcement valu…
a learned response to a previously neutral stimulus.
used to treat phobias, in which a pleasant, related state is…
flooding
a fear reduction techniques that involves exposing the indivi…
primary reinforce
a stimulus such as food or warmth that has reinforcement valu…
Psychology chapter 6
Information - processing theory
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
A framework for study memory that uses the computer as a mode…
The process of transforming information into a form that can…
The process of keeping or maintaining information in memory
The process of bringing to mind information that has been sto…
Information - processing theory
A framework for study memory that uses the computer as a mode…
Encoding
The process of transforming information into a form that can…
Chapter 6 Psychology
Storage Units of LTM
Memory
Attention
Encoding
unlimited
retention of information
gathering information
processing information so it can be stored
Storage Units of LTM
unlimited
Memory
retention of information
Psychology chapter 6
learning
phobias
classical conditioning
conditioning
any relatively durable change in behaviour or knowledge that…
irrational fears of specific objects or situations
a type of learning in which a stimulus acquires the capacity…
involves learning connections between events that occur in an…
learning
any relatively durable change in behaviour or knowledge that…
phobias
irrational fears of specific objects or situations
23 terms
Understanding Psychology: chapter 6
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Spinal Cord
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Neurons
brain and spinal cord
nerves that run down the lenght of the back and transmit most…
nerves branching out from the spinal cord
the long, thin cells of nerve tissue along which messages tra…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
brain and spinal cord
Spinal Cord
nerves that run down the lenght of the back and transmit most…
52 terms
Chapter 6 Psychology Learning
Learning
Behaviorism
Associative learning (Classical and Op…
Observational Learning
A systematic, relatively permanent change in behavior that oc…
A theory of learning that focuses solely on observable behavi…
Learning that occurs when an organism makes a connection, or…
Learning that occurs through observing and imitating another'…
Learning
A systematic, relatively permanent change in behavior that oc…
Behaviorism
A theory of learning that focuses solely on observable behavi…
33 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 6
Stage Model
Sensory Memory
Short (Working) Memory
Long term Memory
Sensory Memory... Short term (Working) Memory... Long term Memory
Less than 20 seconds... (eg. Listening)
20 seconds... (eg. Try understanding the "listening")
Forever... (eg. True memories)
Stage Model
Sensory Memory... Short term (Working) Memory... Long term Memory
Sensory Memory
Less than 20 seconds... (eg. Listening)
85 terms
Psychology Chapter 6 - Memory
transforming information into a form t…
retaining information in memory so tha…
recovering stored information for cons…
Registers a great deal of information…
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
Sensory Memory
transforming information into a form t…
Encoding
retaining information in memory so tha…
Storage
31 terms
Psychology Chapter 6 Learning
Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
Unconditioned Stimulus (US)
Unconditioned Response (UR)
Learning that involves stimulus-response connections
Form of learning where one stimulus calls forth the response…
Causes an automatic response
Automatic Response
Conditioning
Learning that involves stimulus-response connections
Classical Conditioning
Form of learning where one stimulus calls forth the response…
Psychology: Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Information-processing model
Sensory registers
Serial position effect
Elaborative rehearsal
A computer-like model used to describe the way humans encode,…
Entry points for raw information from the senses.
The finding that when asked to recall a list of unrelated ite…
The linking of new information in short-term memory to famili…
Information-processing model
A computer-like model used to describe the way humans encode,…
Sensory registers
Entry points for raw information from the senses.
55 terms
Psychology Chapter 6
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
Process of organizing and interpreting sensory events, enabli…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
When we construct perceptions drawing on experiences and expe…
sensation
process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
perception
Process of organizing and interpreting sensory events, enabli…
61 terms
Psychology Chapter 6
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Psychology Chapter 6
Central Nervous System
EEG:
Peripheral Nervous System
CAT
includes brain and spinal cord
short for electroencephalogram; a test that detects electrica…
consists of the nerves and ganglia on the outside of the brai…
short for computerized axial tomography; transfers the amount…
Central Nervous System
includes brain and spinal cord
EEG:
short for electroencephalogram; a test that detects electrica…
33 terms
Chapter 6 Psychology
Motivation
Emotion
Primary Motives
Hypothalamus
The internal state or condition that activities and gives dir…
Positive or negative feelings generally in reaction to stimul…
Human motives for things that are necessary for survival, suc…
The part of the forebrain involved with motives, emotions and…
Motivation
The internal state or condition that activities and gives dir…
Emotion
Positive or negative feelings generally in reaction to stimul…
40 terms
Chapter 6 Social Psychology
Even though you hate wearing one, you…
When William McGuire and his Yale Univ…
Although he made a promise to himself…
In a follow-up series of experiments a…
compliance
distinctive attributes
normative influence
a majority of participants still fully obeyed the experimente…
Even though you hate wearing one, you…
compliance
When William McGuire and his Yale Univ…
distinctive attributes
59 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 6 Sensation and Perception Nolinscience
Absolute threshold
Accommodation
Selective Attention
Parallel Processing
In neuroscience and psychophysics, an absolute threshold is d…
involves altering one's existing schemas, or ideas, as a resu…
the process by which a person can selectively pick out one me…
The ability for the brain to process many things at once.
Absolute threshold
In neuroscience and psychophysics, an absolute threshold is d…
Accommodation
involves altering one's existing schemas, or ideas, as a resu…
47 terms
Psychology - Chapter 6 Vocabulary
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
an active system that receives information from the senses, p…
the set of mental operations that people perform on sensory i…
holding on to information for some period of time.
getting information that is in storage into a form that can b…
memory
an active system that receives information from the senses, p…
encoding
the set of mental operations that people perform on sensory i…
Psychology 101 Chapter 6
Two Types of Learning
Associative Learning
Unconditioned Stimulus (US)
Unconditioned Response (UR)
Associative Learning & Observational Learning
Classical Conditioning & Operant Conditioning
A stimulus that elicits a response that is innate and does no…
A response that does not have to be learned, such as a reflex.
Two Types of Learning
Associative Learning & Observational Learning
Associative Learning
Classical Conditioning & Operant Conditioning
Psychology Chapter 6
sensation
perception
top-bottom
bottom-top
a physical process, eyes, outer-world sense simulation
a mental process, organizes and interprets meaning
perception
sensation
sensation
a physical process, eyes, outer-world sense simulation
perception
a mental process, organizes and interprets meaning
19 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 6
depth cues, such as retinal disparity…
a binocular cue for perceiving depth;…
the ability to see objects in three di…
the controversial claim that perceptio…
binocular cues
convergence
depth perception
extrasensory perception
depth cues, such as retinal disparity…
binocular cues
a binocular cue for perceiving depth;…
convergence
Psychology Chapter 6
Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Taste Aversion
Latent Learning
a type of learning that involves stimulus-response connections
a type of learning in which people or animals learn to do or…
a learned avoidance of a particular food
learning that remains hidden until it is needed
Conditioning
a type of learning that involves stimulus-response connections
Operant Conditioning
a type of learning in which people or animals learn to do or…
74 terms
Psychology Chapter 6
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up Processing
Top-down Processing
our sensory receptors receive stimulus energies in our nervou…
organizing and interpreting sensory information
takuing sensory information and integrating it; cant identify…
using ideas to interpret sensory information; negative expect…
Sensation
our sensory receptors receive stimulus energies in our nervou…
Perception
organizing and interpreting sensory information
61 terms
Chapter 6: Sensation and Perception-College Psychology
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
52 terms
Chapter 6: Ciccarelli Psychology
Memory
Three Processes of Memory
Encoding
Storage
An active system that recieves information from the senses, p…
Encoding, storage, and retrieval.
A set of mental operations that people perform on sensory inf…
The second process of memory; involves holding onto the infor…
Memory
An active system that recieves information from the senses, p…
Three Processes of Memory
Encoding, storage, and retrieval.
AP Psychology - Chapter 6
Experience
Acquisition
John Watson and Rosalie Rayner
B.F. Skinner
Learning always occurs as a result of what?
the initial learning stage of classical conditioning
the 2 psychologists who developed the "Little Albert" experim…
the founding father of operant conditioning
Experience
Learning always occurs as a result of what?
Acquisition
the initial learning stage of classical conditioning
38 terms
Cognitive Psychology Chapter 6
Long-Term Memory
Free Recall
Cued Recall
Recognition
Archive" of information about past events... and knowledge learn…
asked to generate response from memory.
a prompt given to facilitate response generation.
asked to identify target from distracter items.
Long-Term Memory
Archive" of information about past events... and knowledge learn…
Free Recall
asked to generate response from memory.
Psychology: Chapter 6
what is learning
stimulus=
response=
*unconditioned stimulus UCS
permanent change in behavior ... -has to take practice or experi…
starts
natural
stimulus that can already elicit a response... -you don't learn…
what is learning
permanent change in behavior ... -has to take practice or experi…
stimulus=
starts
42 terms
Psychology Chapter 6
concepts
natural concepts
prototype
artificial concepts
mental grouping of similar objects, ideas, or experiances
mental representations of objects and events drawn from our d…
an ideal or most representative example of a conceptual categ…
concepts defined by rules, such as word definitions and mathe…
concepts
mental grouping of similar objects, ideas, or experiances
natural concepts
mental representations of objects and events drawn from our d…
33 terms
Glencoe Psychology Chapter 6
autonomic nervous system
EEG
central nervous system
parts of the neuron
regulates involuntary muscles and organs
measures electrical activity in the brain
brain and spinal cord
dendrites, cell body, axon, terminal buttons
autonomic nervous system
regulates involuntary muscles and organs
EEG
measures electrical activity in the brain
31 terms
Abnormal Psychology - Chapter 6
Adjustment disorder with depressed mood
Anhedonia
Bipolar I disorder
Bipolar II disorder
A temporary reaction to a stressful circumstance.
A loss of pleasure in all activities; the inability to feel p…
A mood disorder where the individual's moods fluctuate betwee…
A mood disorder where the individual's moods fluctuate betwee…
Adjustment disorder with depressed mood
A temporary reaction to a stressful circumstance.
Anhedonia
A loss of pleasure in all activities; the inability to feel p…
44 terms
Chapter 6 Psychology
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
Psychophysics
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
conversion of one form of energy into another.
a study of the relationship between physical characteristics…
Sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
The World of Psychology Chapter 6
Information-Processing Theory
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
"An approach to the study of mental structures and processes…
"The process of transforming information into a form that can…
"The process of keeping or maintaining information in memory.…
"The process of bringing to mind information that has been st…
Information-Processing Theory
"An approach to the study of mental structures and processes…
Encoding
"The process of transforming information into a form that can…
28 terms
Psychology Chapter 6 (Memory)
Memory
Sensory Registers
Attention
Inattentional Blindness
The ability to remember the things that we have experienced,…
Entry points for raw information from the senses
The selection of some incoming information for further proces…
Failure to notice or be aware of something that is in plain s…
Memory
The ability to remember the things that we have experienced,…
Sensory Registers
Entry points for raw information from the senses
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