Study sets matching "psychology methods brain research"

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Study sets matching "psychology methods brain research"

Psychological Research Methods, Brains.
Brain stem
Cerebellum
Frontal lobe
Parietal lobe
Connection to spinal cord. Filters information flow between p…
A large structure of the hind brain that controls fine motor…
A region of the cerebral cortex that has specialized areas fo…
A region of the cerebral cortex whose functions include proce…
Brain stem
Connection to spinal cord. Filters information flow between p…
Cerebellum
A large structure of the hind brain that controls fine motor…
psychology review research methods and the brain
synapse
replication
2 parts of nervous system
overconfidence
junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the d…
technique involves repeating the essence of an earlier resear…
The Peripheral Nervous System... The Central Nervous System
our tendency to believe we know than we do
synapse
junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the d…
replication
technique involves repeating the essence of an earlier resear…
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
Psychology: The Brain and Nervous System ft. Research Methods
Sympathetic Nervous System
Parasympathetic Nervous System
Sympathetic Nervous System - Arousal
Parasympathetic Nervous System - Calming
The sympathetic nervous system is the system which is activat…
The parasympathetic nervous system is activated to conserve e…
Examples: dilates pupils, accelerates heartbeat, inhibits dig…
Examples: contracts pupils, slows heartbeat, stimulates diges…
Sympathetic Nervous System
The sympathetic nervous system is the system which is activat…
Parasympathetic Nervous System
The parasympathetic nervous system is activated to conserve e…
47 terms
AP Psychology Functions of the Brain/Research Methods
Brainstem
Localization of Function
Hindbrain
Medulla
...
...
...
...
Brainstem
...
Localization of Function
...
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Theory
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
27 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
Replication
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
A TESTABLE prediction, often implied by a theory.
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Repeating the essence of a research study, usually with diffe…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Hypothesis
A TESTABLE prediction, often implied by a theory.
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
Brain Research Methods
Case study
CT Scan
MRI
PET
AN INDIVIDUAL, INDEPTH STUDY OF A PARTICULAR BEHAVIOUR OF INT…
A CT SCAN CREATES A COMPUTER GENERATED CROSS SECTION OF THE B…
A DETAILED IMAGE OF THE BRAIN IS CREATED BY USING MAGNETIC FI…
A PET CONSTRUCTS A COMPUTER IMAGE OF BRAIN FUNCTION AND ACTIV…
Case study
AN INDIVIDUAL, INDEPTH STUDY OF A PARTICULAR BEHAVIOUR OF INT…
CT Scan
A CT SCAN CREATES A COMPUTER GENERATED CROSS SECTION OF THE B…
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
33 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
32 terms
Brain research Methods
Phineas Gage
Tan
H.S
Sacks
Gage was a construction worker who was in an accident causing…
Tan was a patient of the Broca;s who had good comprehension b…
H.S suffered Anton's syndrome and gave insight into those who…
A unique patient who had perfect vision, but could not identi…
Phineas Gage
Gage was a construction worker who was in an accident causing…
Tan
Tan was a patient of the Broca;s who had good comprehension b…
18 terms
AQA Psychology Research Methods
Validity
Internal validity
External validity
Population validity
The extent to which a study measures what it is telling us th…
How certain we are that any differences in the results we col…
A measure of whether the results obtained by studying a sampl…
A measure of whether the sample of people who took part in th…
Validity
The extent to which a study measures what it is telling us th…
Internal validity
How certain we are that any differences in the results we col…
145 terms
AQA Psychology - Research Methods
Self-report techniques
Questionnaire
Strengths of questionnaires
Weaknesses of questionnaires
Any method in which a person is asked to state or explain the…
A set of written questions (sometimes called items) used to a…
+ Cost effective... + Can gather large amounts of data quickly... +…
- Can produce response bias... - P.ps may misunderstand the ques…
Self-report techniques
Any method in which a person is asked to state or explain the…
Questionnaire
A set of written questions (sometimes called items) used to a…
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Theory
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
Psychology Research Methods
Critical Thinking
Hypothesis
Replication
Case Study
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Repeating the essence of a research study, usually with diffe…
An observation technique in which one person is studied in de…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
Hypothesis
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Psychology Review - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
41 terms
Psychology Research Methods
Hypothesis
Case Study
Subjects
Scatterplot
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
In depth examination to single person or group
Participants in experiment
a graphed cluster of dots
Hypothesis
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
Case Study
In depth examination to single person or group
8 terms
Research Methods of Brain
lesioning
Electroencephalograph (EEG)
Computer Tomography (CT scan)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
destruction of brain tissue through electrodes
monitors brain waves through electrical stimulation
x-ray of brain (structure)
uses magnetic and radioactive waves to produce an image (stru…
lesioning
destruction of brain tissue through electrodes
Electroencephalograph (EEG)
monitors brain waves through electrical stimulation
Research Methods & Measuring Brain
Determinism
Empiricism
Parsimony
Hypothesis
universe is orderly, effects have causes
importance of observation- theories should not be based on da…
simpler is better
a guess about relationship between two variables
Determinism
universe is orderly, effects have causes
Empiricism
importance of observation- theories should not be based on da…
111 terms
Psychology AS: Research Methods
Ethical guidelines
Presumptive consent
Directional hypothesis
Non-directional hypothesis
Concrete, quasi-legal documents that help to guide conduct wi…
A method of dealing with lack of informed consent or deceptio…
States the direction of a difference or correlation
Predicting that there will be a difference between two condit…
Ethical guidelines
Concrete, quasi-legal documents that help to guide conduct wi…
Presumptive consent
A method of dealing with lack of informed consent or deceptio…
36 terms
Psychology Research Methods
Scientific Method
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational Definitions
A five step process for empirical investigation of a hypothes…
A testable explanation for a set of facts or observations. In…
A statement predicting the outcome of a scientific study; a s…
Specific descriptions of concepts involving the conditions of…
Scientific Method
A five step process for empirical investigation of a hypothes…
Theory
A testable explanation for a set of facts or observations. In…
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
30 terms
AP Psychology: Research Methods
Hindsight bias
Critical thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
psychology research methods
critical thinking
naturalistic observation
case study
positive correlation
making judgments based on reason and logical evaluation
observing behavior as it happens in real-life natural setting…
a detailed description of a particular individual being studi…
a study that indicates that students who study more have high…
critical thinking
making judgments based on reason and logical evaluation
naturalistic observation
observing behavior as it happens in real-life natural setting…
38 terms
psychology research methods
experiment
theory
null hypothesis
confounding/extraneous variable
a research method in which the researcher manipulates and con…
general framework for scientific study
statement that no difference exists between two conditions in…
a variable other than the ind. variable that could produce a…
experiment
a research method in which the researcher manipulates and con…
theory
general framework for scientific study
19 terms
Psychology Research Methods
subject
random sample
stratified sample
naturalistic observation
person or animal being studied
a sample that fairly represents a population because each mem…
sample that adequately reflected the various groups and varia…
observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situa…
subject
person or animal being studied
random sample
a sample that fairly represents a population because each mem…
30 terms
DP Psychology Research Methods
Research Method
Experiment
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
a particular way of conducting research to gain valid and rel…
used to test a cause-effect relationship between variables un…
a variable which is systematically manipulated, changed or va…
the variable that is observed or measured and expected to cha…
Research Method
a particular way of conducting research to gain valid and rel…
Experiment
used to test a cause-effect relationship between variables un…
Research Methods & Brain Development
Naturalistic Observation (Pros and Cons)
Structured Observations (Pros and Cons)
Interviews & Questionnaires (Pros and…
Meta-analysis (Pros and Cons)
Pros:... - view behavior in natural setting,... - adapt to unfoldin…
Pros:... - Better control of variables and extraneous/ confoundi…
Pros:... - time efficient... Cons:... - responses may not be truthful…
Pros:... - sums up a large pool of research and addresses confli…
Naturalistic Observation (Pros and Cons)
Pros:... - view behavior in natural setting,... - adapt to unfoldin…
Structured Observations (Pros and Cons)
Pros:... - Better control of variables and extraneous/ confoundi…
AP Psychology Research Methods
Theories
Hypothesis
Replication
Independent variable (IV)
organized sets of concepts that explain phenomena
prediction of how two or more factors are likely to be related
repetition of the methods used in a previous experiment to se…
the factor the researcher manipulates in a controlled experim…
Theories
organized sets of concepts that explain phenomena
Hypothesis
prediction of how two or more factors are likely to be related
Psychology: Research Methods
Experimental method
Aim
Hypothesis
Directional hypothesis
involves the manipulation of an IV to measure the effect on t…
A general statement of what the researcher intends to investi…
An informed, precise & testable statement of the relationship…
States the direction of the difference or relationship.
Experimental method
involves the manipulation of an IV to measure the effect on t…
Aim
A general statement of what the researcher intends to investi…
38 terms
AP Psychology Research Methods
basic research
applied research
case study
control group
scientific investigations intended to expand the knowledge base
scientific investigations intended to solve practical problems
scientific investigation in which a single subject is studied…
subjects in an experiment who do not receive application of t…
basic research
scientific investigations intended to expand the knowledge base
applied research
scientific investigations intended to solve practical problems
Research Methods in Psychology
Ethics
Debriefing
Informed Consent
Withdrawal Rights
a set of moral principles by which human behaviour may be jud…
at the completion of a study, providing participants with ful…
Wherever possible, participants must be appropriately informe…
The experimenter must inform participants of procedures to be…
Ethics
a set of moral principles by which human behaviour may be jud…
Debriefing
at the completion of a study, providing participants with ful…
Developmental Psychology - Themes, Research Methods, and Prenatal & Brain Development
nurture
genome
epigenetics
continuous development
the environments, both physical and social, that influence ou…
each person's complete set of hereditary information
the study of stable changes in gene expression that are media…
the idea that changes with age occur gradually, in small incr…
nurture
the environments, both physical and social, that influence ou…
genome
each person's complete set of hereditary information
8 terms
Research Methods: Inside the Brain
Electroencephalograph (EEG)
Lesioning
Electrical Stimulation of the Brain (E…
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)
devices that monitors the electrical activity of the brain ov…
destroying a piece of the brain to see its effects
involves sending a weak electrical current into a brain struc…
new technique that permits scientists to temporarily enhance…
Electroencephalograph (EEG)
devices that monitors the electrical activity of the brain ov…
Lesioning
destroying a piece of the brain to see its effects
Brain research methods
case studies
Electoencephalogram (EEG)
Electrical stimulation (ESB)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
Detailed examination of a person with a particular form of in…
Detectors on the scalp detect, amplify and record the electri…
Place electrodes directly onto the cortex or deep in the brai…
Strong magnetic current affects the brain (interrupts electri…
case studies
Detailed examination of a person with a particular form of in…
Electoencephalogram (EEG)
Detectors on the scalp detect, amplify and record the electri…
9 terms
Brain research methods
EEG (electroencephalograph)
Leisoning
EBS (electrical stimulation of the bra…
TMS (transcranial magnetic stimulation)
Device that monitors the electrical activity if the brain ove…
Involves destroying a piece of the brain using a high frequen…
Involves sending weak electric current into a brain structure…
Permits scientists to temporarily enhance or depress activity…
EEG (electroencephalograph)
Device that monitors the electrical activity if the brain ove…
Leisoning
Involves destroying a piece of the brain using a high frequen…
48 terms
AP Psychology Research Methods
basic research
applied research
case study
control group
scientific investigations intended to expand the knowledge base
scientific investigations intended to solve practical problems
scientific investigation in which a single subject is studied…
subjects in an experiment who do not receive application of t…
basic research
scientific investigations intended to expand the knowledge base
applied research
scientific investigations intended to solve practical problems
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Theory
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
31 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
Replication
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
A statement of testable prediction; "Sugar increases energy"
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Repeating a research study, usually with different participan…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Hypothesis
A statement of testable prediction; "Sugar increases energy"
8 terms
Different brain research methods
Electroencephalograph (EEG)
Lesioning
Electrical stimulation of the brain (E…
Transcribing magnetic stimulation (TMS)
Attacges elecyrides to scalp, monitors electrical brain activ…
Destroying brain tissue (electrode used to burn tissue and di…
Activate a brain structure with weak electric currents
Temporary enhancement or depression of activity in a specific…
Electroencephalograph (EEG)
Attacges elecyrides to scalp, monitors electrical brain activ…
Lesioning
Destroying brain tissue (electrode used to burn tissue and di…
AP Psychology: Research Methods
experimental
Negative or inverse
explanatory variable
representative
The only type of research that allows us to draw causal concl…
If achievement test scores go down as number of hours spent w…
In an experiment studying the effects of a new antidepressant…
If your research sample resembles the population to which you…
experimental
The only type of research that allows us to draw causal concl…
Negative or inverse
If achievement test scores go down as number of hours spent w…
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Applied Research
Basic Research
Hypothesis
-Tendency upon hearing about research findings (and many othe…
-Research that psychologists conduct to solve practical probl…
-Research that explores questions that are of interest to psy…
-A statement that expresses a relationship between two variab…
Hindsight Bias
-Tendency upon hearing about research findings (and many othe…
Applied Research
-Research that psychologists conduct to solve practical probl…
brain and behaviour research methods
FMRI intro
fMRI plan
fMRI conclusion
General intro
Imaging is the process of looking at the brain to understand…
intro... Phenology- Francis Gall, Broca- localisation... PET... With t…
there are a huge number of ways we can image the brain and th…
There are a huge range of methods available to study the brai…
FMRI intro
Imaging is the process of looking at the brain to understand…
fMRI plan
intro... Phenology- Francis Gall, Broca- localisation... PET... With t…
fp psychology research methods
Pearson
Unrelated
Chi-squared
Wilcoxon
Parametric, interval, looking for correlations, repeated meas…
Parametric, interval, looking for differences, independent de…
Non-parametric, nominal, looking for differences or associati…
Non-parametric, ordinal, looking for differences, repeated me…
Pearson
Parametric, interval, looking for correlations, repeated meas…
Unrelated
Parametric, interval, looking for differences, independent de…
Psychology: Research Methods
Self-report
Examples of self-report
Experiment
Observation
data directly collected from participants about how they thin…
questionnaires and interviews
A study which is highly controlled and has an independent var…
Watching how participants behave in a certain situation, in a…
Self-report
data directly collected from participants about how they thin…
Examples of self-report
questionnaires and interviews
Research Methods: Manipulating the Brain
Ablations
Using Neurotoxins
Maren et al (1997)
Genetic Knockouts
Lesions... - Ablative brain surgery first introduced by Pierre F…
Lesions... - Neurotoxins are substances that are poisonous or de…
Example of Lesions with Neurotoxins... - In rats... - Used neurotox…
Lesions... - In mice, flies and zebrafish, we know the entire ge…
Ablations
Lesions... - Ablative brain surgery first introduced by Pierre F…
Using Neurotoxins
Lesions... - Neurotoxins are substances that are poisonous or de…
91 terms
AP Psychology (Research Methods)
field experiments
Basic research
Scientific method
Applied research
Applies the scientific method to experimentally examine an oc…
One of the two main types of research, pure research that aim…
A general approach to gathering information and answering que…
One of the two main types of research, conducted specifically…
field experiments
Applies the scientific method to experimentally examine an oc…
Basic research
One of the two main types of research, pure research that aim…
37 terms
AP Psychology Research Methods
Theories
Hypothesis
Replication
Independent variable (IV)
organized sets of concepts that explain phenomena
prediction of how two or more factors are likely to be related
repetition of the methods used in a previous experiment to se…
the factor the researcher manipulates in a controlled experim…
Theories
organized sets of concepts that explain phenomena
Hypothesis
prediction of how two or more factors are likely to be related
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