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Study sets matching "psychology methods brain research"

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Study sets matching "psychology methods brain research"

psychology review research methods and the brain
synapse
replication
2 parts of nervous system
overconfidence
junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the d…
technique involves repeating the essence of an earlier resear…
The Peripheral Nervous System... The Central Nervous System
our tendency to believe we know than we do
synapse
junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the d…
replication
technique involves repeating the essence of an earlier resear…
Psychology: The Brain and Nervous System ft. Research Methods
Sympathetic Nervous System
Parasympathetic Nervous System
Sympathetic Nervous System - Arousal
Parasympathetic Nervous System - Calming
The sympathetic nervous system is the system which is activat…
The parasympathetic nervous system is activated to conserve e…
Examples: dilates pupils, accelerates heartbeat, inhibits dig…
Examples: contracts pupils, slows heartbeat, stimulates diges…
Sympathetic Nervous System
The sympathetic nervous system is the system which is activat…
Parasympathetic Nervous System
The parasympathetic nervous system is activated to conserve e…
47 terms
AP Psychology Functions of the Brain/Research Methods
Brainstem
Localization of Function
Hindbrain
Medulla
...
...
...
...
Brainstem
...
Localization of Function
...
32 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Theory
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
27 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
Replication
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
A TESTABLE prediction, often implied by a theory.
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Repeating the essence of a research study, usually with diffe…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Hypothesis
A TESTABLE prediction, often implied by a theory.
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
33 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
32 terms
Brain research Methods
Phineas Gage
Tan
H.S
Sacks
Gage was a construction worker who was in an accident causing…
Tan was a patient of the Broca;s who had good comprehension b…
H.S suffered Anton's syndrome and gave insight into those who…
A unique patient who had perfect vision, but could not identi…
Phineas Gage
Gage was a construction worker who was in an accident causing…
Tan
Tan was a patient of the Broca;s who had good comprehension b…
18 terms
AQA Psychology Research Methods
Validity
Internal validity
External validity
Population validity
The extent to which a study measures what it is telling us th…
How certain we are that any differences in the results we col…
A measure of whether the results obtained by studying a sampl…
A measure of whether the sample of people who took part in th…
Validity
The extent to which a study measures what it is telling us th…
Internal validity
How certain we are that any differences in the results we col…
32 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Theory
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
34 terms
Psychology Review - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
145 terms
AQA Psychology - Research Methods
Self-report techniques
Questionnaire
Strengths of questionnaires
Weaknesses of questionnaires
Any method in which a person is asked to state or explain the…
A set of written questions (sometimes called items) used to a…
+ Cost effective... + Can gather large amounts of data quickly... +…
- Can produce response bias... - P.ps may misunderstand the ques…
Self-report techniques
Any method in which a person is asked to state or explain the…
Questionnaire
A set of written questions (sometimes called items) used to a…
Psychology Research Methods
Critical Thinking
Hypothesis
Replication
Case Study
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Repeating the essence of a research study, usually with diffe…
An observation technique in which one person is studied in de…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
Hypothesis
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
41 terms
Psychology Research Methods
Hypothesis
Case Study
Subjects
Scatterplot
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
In depth examination to single person or group
Participants in experiment
a graphed cluster of dots
Hypothesis
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
Case Study
In depth examination to single person or group
111 terms
Psychology AS: Research Methods
Ethical guidelines
Presumptive consent
Directional hypothesis
Non-directional hypothesis
Concrete, quasi-legal documents that help to guide conduct wi…
A method of dealing with lack of informed consent or deceptio…
States the direction of a difference or correlation
Predicting that there will be a difference between two condit…
Ethical guidelines
Concrete, quasi-legal documents that help to guide conduct wi…
Presumptive consent
A method of dealing with lack of informed consent or deceptio…
8 terms
Research Methods of Brain
lesioning
Electroencephalograph (EEG)
Computer Tomography (CT scan)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
destruction of brain tissue through electrodes
monitors brain waves through electrical stimulation
x-ray of brain (structure)
uses magnetic and radioactive waves to produce an image (stru…
lesioning
destruction of brain tissue through electrodes
Electroencephalograph (EEG)
monitors brain waves through electrical stimulation
23 terms
Research Methods & Measuring Brain
Determinism
Empiricism
Parsimony
Hypothesis
universe is orderly, effects have causes
importance of observation- theories should not be based on da…
simpler is better
a guess about relationship between two variables
Determinism
universe is orderly, effects have causes
Empiricism
importance of observation- theories should not be based on da…
38 terms
Psychology: Research Methods
Experimental method
Aim
Hypothesis
Directional hypothesis
involves the manipulation of an IV to measure the effect on t…
A general statement of what the researcher intends to investi…
An informed, precise & testable statement of the relationship…
States the direction of the difference or relationship.
Experimental method
involves the manipulation of an IV to measure the effect on t…
Aim
A general statement of what the researcher intends to investi…
36 terms
Psychology Research Methods
Scientific Method
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational Definitions
A five step process for empirical investigation of a hypothes…
A testable explanation for a set of facts or observations. In…
A statement predicting the outcome of a scientific study; a s…
Specific descriptions of concepts involving the conditions of…
Scientific Method
A five step process for empirical investigation of a hypothes…
Theory
A testable explanation for a set of facts or observations. In…
30 terms
AP Psychology: Research Methods
Hindsight bias
Critical thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
38 terms
psychology research methods
experiment
theory
null hypothesis
confounding/extraneous variable
a research method in which the researcher manipulates and con…
general framework for scientific study
statement that no difference exists between two conditions in…
a variable other than the ind. variable that could produce a…
experiment
a research method in which the researcher manipulates and con…
theory
general framework for scientific study
14 terms
psychology research methods
critical thinking
naturalistic observation
case study
positive correlation
making judgments based on reason and logical evaluation
observing behavior as it happens in real-life natural setting…
a detailed description of a particular individual being studi…
a study that indicates that students who study more have high…
critical thinking
making judgments based on reason and logical evaluation
naturalistic observation
observing behavior as it happens in real-life natural setting…
46 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Mean
Median
Mode
Standard Deviation
The average in a set of numbers
The middle number in a set of numbers
Most frequently re-occuring number in a set of numbers
Used to show and measure the variation in data
Mean
The average in a set of numbers
Median
The middle number in a set of numbers
38 terms
AP Psychology Research Methods
basic research
applied research
case study
control group
scientific investigations intended to expand the knowledge base
scientific investigations intended to solve practical problems
scientific investigation in which a single subject is studied…
subjects in an experiment who do not receive application of t…
basic research
scientific investigations intended to expand the knowledge base
applied research
scientific investigations intended to solve practical problems
39 terms
Research Methods in Psychology
Ethics
Debriefing
Informed Consent
Withdrawal Rights
a set of moral principles by which human behaviour may be jud…
at the completion of a study, providing participants with ful…
Wherever possible, participants must be appropriately informe…
The experimenter must inform participants of procedures to be…
Ethics
a set of moral principles by which human behaviour may be jud…
Debriefing
at the completion of a study, providing participants with ful…
51 terms
Research Methods & Brain Development
Naturalistic Observation (Pros and Cons)
Structured Observations (Pros and Cons)
Interviews & Questionnaires (Pros and…
Meta-analysis (Pros and Cons)
Pros:... - view behavior in natural setting,... - adapt to unfoldin…
Pros:... - Better control of variables and extraneous/ confoundi…
Pros:... - time efficient... Cons:... - responses may not be truthful…
Pros:... - sums up a large pool of research and addresses confli…
Naturalistic Observation (Pros and Cons)
Pros:... - view behavior in natural setting,... - adapt to unfoldin…
Structured Observations (Pros and Cons)
Pros:... - Better control of variables and extraneous/ confoundi…
19 terms
Psychology Research Methods
subject
random sample
stratified sample
naturalistic observation
person or animal being studied
a sample that fairly represents a population because each mem…
sample that adequately reflected the various groups and varia…
observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situa…
subject
person or animal being studied
random sample
a sample that fairly represents a population because each mem…
30 terms
DP Psychology Research Methods
Research Method
Experiment
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
a particular way of conducting research to gain valid and rel…
used to test a cause-effect relationship between variables un…
a variable which is systematically manipulated, changed or va…
the variable that is observed or measured and expected to cha…
Research Method
a particular way of conducting research to gain valid and rel…
Experiment
used to test a cause-effect relationship between variables un…
113 terms
Developmental Psychology - Themes, Research Methods, and Prenatal & Brain Development
nurture
genome
epigenetics
continuous development
the environments, both physical and social, that influence ou…
each person's complete set of hereditary information
the study of stable changes in gene expression that are media…
the idea that changes with age occur gradually, in small incr…
nurture
the environments, both physical and social, that influence ou…
genome
each person's complete set of hereditary information
37 terms
AP Psychology Research Methods
Theories
Hypothesis
Replication
Independent variable (IV)
organized sets of concepts that explain phenomena
prediction of how two or more factors are likely to be related
repetition of the methods used in a previous experiment to se…
the factor the researcher manipulates in a controlled experim…
Theories
organized sets of concepts that explain phenomena
Hypothesis
prediction of how two or more factors are likely to be related
9 terms
Brain research methods
EEG (electroencephalograph)
Leisoning
EBS (electrical stimulation of the bra…
TMS (transcranial magnetic stimulation)
Device that monitors the electrical activity if the brain ove…
Involves destroying a piece of the brain using a high frequen…
Involves sending weak electric current into a brain structure…
Permits scientists to temporarily enhance or depress activity…
EEG (electroencephalograph)
Device that monitors the electrical activity if the brain ove…
Leisoning
Involves destroying a piece of the brain using a high frequen…
8 terms
Research Methods: Inside the Brain
Electroencephalograph (EEG)
Lesioning
Electrical Stimulation of the Brain (E…
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)
devices that monitors the electrical activity of the brain ov…
destroying a piece of the brain to see its effects
involves sending a weak electrical current into a brain struc…
new technique that permits scientists to temporarily enhance…
Electroencephalograph (EEG)
devices that monitors the electrical activity of the brain ov…
Lesioning
destroying a piece of the brain to see its effects
48 terms
AP Psychology Research Methods
basic research
applied research
case study
control group
scientific investigations intended to expand the knowledge base
scientific investigations intended to solve practical problems
scientific investigation in which a single subject is studied…
subjects in an experiment who do not receive application of t…
basic research
scientific investigations intended to expand the knowledge base
applied research
scientific investigations intended to solve practical problems
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Theory
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
32 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Applied Research
Basic Research
Hypothesis
-Tendency upon hearing about research findings (and many othe…
-Research that psychologists conduct to solve practical probl…
-Research that explores questions that are of interest to psy…
-A statement that expresses a relationship between two variab…
Hindsight Bias
-Tendency upon hearing about research findings (and many othe…
Applied Research
-Research that psychologists conduct to solve practical probl…
20 terms
fp psychology research methods
Pearson
Unrelated
Chi-squared
Wilcoxon
Parametric, interval, looking for correlations, repeated meas…
Parametric, interval, looking for differences, independent de…
Non-parametric, nominal, looking for differences or associati…
Non-parametric, ordinal, looking for differences, repeated me…
Pearson
Parametric, interval, looking for correlations, repeated meas…
Unrelated
Parametric, interval, looking for differences, independent de…
AP Psychology: Research Methods
experimental
Negative or inverse
explanatory variable
representative
The only type of research that allows us to draw causal concl…
If achievement test scores go down as number of hours spent w…
In an experiment studying the effects of a new antidepressant…
If your research sample resembles the population to which you…
experimental
The only type of research that allows us to draw causal concl…
Negative or inverse
If achievement test scores go down as number of hours spent w…
8 terms
Different brain research methods
Electroencephalograph (EEG)
Lesioning
Electrical stimulation of the brain (E…
Transcribing magnetic stimulation (TMS)
Attacges elecyrides to scalp, monitors electrical brain activ…
Destroying brain tissue (electrode used to burn tissue and di…
Activate a brain structure with weak electric currents
Temporary enhancement or depression of activity in a specific…
Electroencephalograph (EEG)
Attacges elecyrides to scalp, monitors electrical brain activ…
Lesioning
Destroying brain tissue (electrode used to burn tissue and di…
37 terms
AP Psychology Research Methods
Theories
Hypothesis
Replication
Independent variable (IV)
organized sets of concepts that explain phenomena
prediction of how two or more factors are likely to be related
repetition of the methods used in a previous experiment to se…
the factor the researcher manipulates in a controlled experim…
Theories
organized sets of concepts that explain phenomena
Hypothesis
prediction of how two or more factors are likely to be related
107 terms
brain and behaviour research methods
FMRI intro
fMRI plan
fMRI conclusion
General intro
Imaging is the process of looking at the brain to understand…
intro... Phenology- Francis Gall, Broca- localisation... PET... With t…
there are a huge number of ways we can image the brain and th…
There are a huge range of methods available to study the brai…
FMRI intro
Imaging is the process of looking at the brain to understand…
fMRI plan
intro... Phenology- Francis Gall, Broca- localisation... PET... With t…
27 terms
Psychology: Research Methods
Self-report
Examples of self-report
Experiment
Observation
data directly collected from participants about how they thin…
questionnaires and interviews
A study which is highly controlled and has an independent var…
Watching how participants behave in a certain situation, in a…
Self-report
data directly collected from participants about how they thin…
Examples of self-report
questionnaires and interviews
20 terms
Research Methods: Manipulating the Brain
Ablations
Using Neurotoxins
Maren et al (1997)
Genetic Knockouts
Lesions... - Ablative brain surgery first introduced by Pierre F…
Lesions... - Neurotoxins are substances that are poisonous or de…
Example of Lesions with Neurotoxins... - In rats... - Used neurotox…
Lesions... - In mice, flies and zebrafish, we know the entire ge…
Ablations
Lesions... - Ablative brain surgery first introduced by Pierre F…
Using Neurotoxins
Lesions... - Neurotoxins are substances that are poisonous or de…
17 terms
IB Psychology Research Methods
Quantitative Data
Qualitative Data
Strengths of Qualitative data
Limitations of Qualitative Data
Numerical, Objective, Deductive data
Rich, thick, textural data. More subjective than quantitative…
Real life setting, not created in a laboratory. It can help t…
It creates a large amount of data, meaning it is time consumi…
Quantitative Data
Numerical, Objective, Deductive data
Qualitative Data
Rich, thick, textural data. More subjective than quantitative…
5 terms
Research Methods & BRAIN PARTS
Clinical observation
clinical outcome
Descriptive Research:
What is the major difference between a…
observing a healthcare professional provide care to patients…
measure a patient's symptoms, overall mental state, or the ef…
Naturalistic Observation/Case Studies/Correlational data and…
BETWEEN subject is observed in one and only one treatment com…
Clinical observation
observing a healthcare professional provide care to patients…
clinical outcome
measure a patient's symptoms, overall mental state, or the ef…
91 terms
AP Psychology (Research Methods)
field experiments
Basic research
Scientific method
Applied research
Applies the scientific method to experimentally examine an oc…
One of the two main types of research, pure research that aim…
A general approach to gathering information and answering que…
One of the two main types of research, conducted specifically…
field experiments
Applies the scientific method to experimentally examine an oc…
Basic research
One of the two main types of research, pure research that aim…
34 terms
Research Methods in Psychology
Interview
Questionaire
Negative Correlation
Positive Correlation
allow observation of the subject
take less time, results are more uniform and reduce the possi…
Interview
allow observation of the subject
Questionaire
take less time, results are more uniform and reduce the possi…
22 terms
Research in Psychology: Experimental Methods
aim
independent variable (IV)
dependent variable (DV)
operationalized
to have a specified goal or purpose
The manipulated variable. The variable that you (I) can contr…
The variable measured to determine if it changes as a result…
Clearly defining a research variable so that it can be measured
aim
to have a specified goal or purpose
independent variable (IV)
The manipulated variable. The variable that you (I) can contr…
31 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
A statement of how you will measure the variables in your stu…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Theory
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
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