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Study sets matching "psychology myers"

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Study sets matching "psychology myers"

48 terms
Myers Psychology Unit 3A
biological perspective
neuron
cell body
dendrite
Scientific study of the links between biological (genetic, ne…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
the cell's life support center
a neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
biological perspective
Scientific study of the links between biological (genetic, ne…
neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
46 terms
Unit 3 AP Psychology Myers
biological psychologists
neuron
axon
myelin sheath
the scientific study of the links between biological and psyc…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
the neuron extension that passes and electrical messages thro…
a layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of ma…
biological psychologists
the scientific study of the links between biological and psyc…
neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
525 terms
Myers Psychology
Personality
free association
Psychoanalysis
Unconscious
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
Freud's theory of personality and therapeutic technique that…
according to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable though…
Personality
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
free association
in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
40 terms
Psychology (Myers) Chapter 3
consciousness
cognitive neuroscience
dual processing
selective attention
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
the principle that information is often simultaneously proces…
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
cognitive neuroscience
the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
54 terms
Myers Psychology chapter 1
Hindsight Bias
intuition
descriptive research
case study
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
an effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as co…
systematic, objective observation of people. The goal is to p…
examining one individual in great depth. It can be unrepresen…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
intuition
an effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as co…
73 terms
Myers for AP Psychology Unit 4
absolute threshold
binocular cues
blind spot
cochlea
minimal amount of energy required to produce any sensation, 5…
visual messages/cues that require two eyes (retinal disparity…
place on the retina out where the optic nerve leaves the eye,…
snail-shaped structure in the inner ear; contains fluid that…
absolute threshold
minimal amount of energy required to produce any sensation, 5…
binocular cues
visual messages/cues that require two eyes (retinal disparity…
36 terms
Myers Psychology Ch 1
empiricism
structuralism
functionalism
nature-nurture issue
he view that (a) knowledge comes from experience via the sens…
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
The longstanding controversy over the relative contributions…
empiricism
he view that (a) knowledge comes from experience via the sens…
structuralism
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
42 terms
Psychology (Myers) Chapter 13
personality
free association
psychoanalysis
unconscious
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and ac…
according to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable though…
personality
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
free association
in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
56 terms
Myers Psychology for AP - Unit 6
learning
habituation
associative learning
classical conditioning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
an organism's decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
habituation
an organism's decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated…
65 terms
Myers for AP Psychology Unit 9
Developmental Psychology
Zygote
Fetus
Embryo
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
a fertilized egg
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
stage in prenatal development from 2 to 8 weeks
Developmental Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Zygote
a fertilized egg
64 terms
Myers Psychology Chapter 4
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
54 terms
Myers for AP Psychology Unit 1
empiricism
structuralism
functionalism
experimental psychology
the view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
an early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
the study of behavior and thinking using the experimental met…
empiricism
the view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
structuralism
an early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
78 terms
Unit 3 AP Psychology Myers
biological psychologists
neuron
dendrites
axon
the scientific study of the links between biological and psyc…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the neuron extension that passes and electrical messages thro…
biological psychologists
the scientific study of the links between biological and psyc…
neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
56 terms
Myers Psychology for AP - Unit 6
learning
habituation
associative learning
classical conditioning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
an organism's decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
habituation
an organism's decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated…
61 terms
Myers for AP Psychology Unit 14
social psychology
attribution theory
fundamental attribution error
attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
suggests how we explain someone's behavior—by crediting eithe…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings often based on our beliefs, which predispose us to r…
social psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
attribution theory
suggests how we explain someone's behavior—by crediting eithe…
58 terms
Chapter 2 (Myers) Psychology
biological perspective
neuron
dendrites
axon
concerned with the links between biology and behavior. includ…
a nerve cell; basic building block of the nervous system
a neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
the neuron extension that passes messages through its branche…
biological perspective
concerned with the links between biology and behavior. includ…
neuron
a nerve cell; basic building block of the nervous system
65 terms
Myers for AP Psychology Unit 9
Developmental Psychology
Zygote
Fetus
Embryo
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
a fertilized egg
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
stage in prenatal development from 2 to 8 weeks
Developmental Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Zygote
a fertilized egg
41 terms
Myers for AP Psychology Unit 2
Hindsight Bias
Double Blind Procedure
Independent Variable
Dependent Variables
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An experimental procedure in which both the research particip…
The experimental factor that is manipulated--the variable who…
The outcome factor -- the variable that may change in respons…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Double Blind Procedure
An experimental procedure in which both the research particip…
61 terms
Myers for AP Psychology Unit 14
social psychology
attribution theory
fundamental attribution error
attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
suggests how we explain someone's behavior—by crediting eithe…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings often based on our beliefs, which predispose us to r…
social psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
attribution theory
suggests how we explain someone's behavior—by crediting eithe…
17 terms
Myers for AP Psychology Unit 8
Emotion
General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)
Coronary Heart Disease
Type A people
a response of the whole organism, involving 1) pyhsiological…
Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in…
That clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle: t…
Friedman and Rosenman's term for competitive, hard-driving, i…
Emotion
a response of the whole organism, involving 1) pyhsiological…
General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)
Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in…
46 terms
Myers for AP Psychology Unit 5
consciousness
circadian rhythm
REM sleep
alpha waves
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms that occur on a…
rapid eye moment sleep; a recurring sleep stage during which…
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
circadian rhythm
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms that occur on a…
65 terms
Myers for AP Psychology Unit 9
Developmental Psychology
Zygote
Fetus
Embryo
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
a fertilized egg
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
stage in prenatal development from 2 to 8 weeks
Developmental Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Zygote
a fertilized egg
72 terms
Myers for AP Psychology Unit 12
psychopathology
impaired functioning
biopsychosocial model
neurobiological model
patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving that are maladapt…
difficulty in fulfilling appropriate and expected family, soc…
a view of mental disorders as caused by a combination of inte…
a modern name for the medical model, in which psychological d…
psychopathology
patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving that are maladapt…
impaired functioning
difficulty in fulfilling appropriate and expected family, soc…
65 terms
Myers for AP Psychology Unit 9
Developmental Psychology
Zygote
Fetus
Embryo
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
a fertilized egg
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
stage in prenatal development from 2 to 8 weeks
Developmental Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Zygote
a fertilized egg
72 terms
Myers for AP Psychology Unit 12
psychopathology
impaired functioning
biopsychosocial model
neurobiological model
patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving that are maladapt…
difficulty in fulfilling appropriate and expected family, soc…
a view of mental disorders as caused by a combination of inte…
a modern name for the medical model, in which psychological d…
psychopathology
patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving that are maladapt…
impaired functioning
difficulty in fulfilling appropriate and expected family, soc…
61 terms
Myers for AP Psychology Unit 14
social psychology
attribution theory
fundamental attribution error
attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
suggests how we explain someone's behavior—by crediting eithe…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings often based on our beliefs, which predispose us to r…
social psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
attribution theory
suggests how we explain someone's behavior—by crediting eithe…
78 terms
Unit 3 AP Psychology Myers
biological psychologists
neuron
dendrites
axon
the scientific study of the links between biological and psyc…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the neuron extension that passes and electrical messages thro…
biological psychologists
the scientific study of the links between biological and psyc…
neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
53 terms
Myers for AP Psychology Unit 4
absolute threshold
binocular cues
blind spot
Just Noticeable Difference
minimal amount of energy required to produce any sensation, 5…
visual messages/cues that require two eyes (retinal disparity…
place on the retina out where the optic nerve leaves the eye,…
difference threshold; the smallest change in stimulation that…
absolute threshold
minimal amount of energy required to produce any sensation, 5…
binocular cues
visual messages/cues that require two eyes (retinal disparity…
705 terms
Myers' AP Psychology for AP*
Wilhelm Wundt
William James
Charles Darwin
Mary Calkins
set up the first psychological laboratory and became known as…
published the first psychology textbook and created the theor…
studied evolution and thought the strongest species and trait…
student under William James who should have earned her Ph.D.…
Wilhelm Wundt
set up the first psychological laboratory and became known as…
William James
published the first psychology textbook and created the theor…
40 terms
Myers' Psychology
biological psychologists
neurons
dendrite
axon
the scientific study of the links between biological and psyc…
a nerve cell the basic building block of the nervous system
a neurons bushy, branching extensions that receive messages a…
pass the messages through the terminal branches and to other…
biological psychologists
the scientific study of the links between biological and psyc…
neurons
a nerve cell the basic building block of the nervous system
705 terms
Myers' AP Psychology for AP*
Wilhelm Wundt
William James
Charles Darwin
Mary Calkins
set up the first psychological laboratory and became known as…
published the first psychology textbook and created the theor…
studied evolution and thought the strongest species and trait…
student under William James who should have earned her Ph.D.…
Wilhelm Wundt
set up the first psychological laboratory and became known as…
William James
published the first psychology textbook and created the theor…
625 terms
Myers' AP Psychology Vocabulary
Absolute threshold
Accommodation
Achievement motivation
Achievement test
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
(1) in sensation and perception, the process by which the eye…
a desire for significant accomplishment; for mastery of skill…
a test designed to assess what a person has learned.
Absolute threshold
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
Accommodation
(1) in sensation and perception, the process by which the eye…
43 terms
AP Myers Psychology 7B
productive language
overgeneralization
universal grammar
language acquisition device (LAD)
ability to produce words
distortion of thinking in which a person draws sweeping concl…
the shared basic elements of all languages (Chomsky)
Chomsky's concept of an innate, prewired mechanism in the bra…
productive language
ability to produce words
overgeneralization
distortion of thinking in which a person draws sweeping concl…
73 terms
Myers Psychology for AP - Unit 4
absolute threshold
binocular cues
blind spot
cochlea
minimal amount of energy required to produce any sensation, 5…
visual messages/cues that require two eyes (retinal disparity…
place on the retina out where the optic nerve leaves the eye,…
snail-shaped structure in the inner ear; contains fluid that…
absolute threshold
minimal amount of energy required to produce any sensation, 5…
binocular cues
visual messages/cues that require two eyes (retinal disparity…
72 terms
Myers for AP Psychology Unit 12
psychopathology
impaired functioning
biopsychosocial model
neurobiological model
patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving that are maladapt…
difficulty in fulfilling appropriate and expected family, soc…
a view of mental disorders as caused by a combination of inte…
a modern name for the medical model, in which psychological d…
psychopathology
patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving that are maladapt…
impaired functioning
difficulty in fulfilling appropriate and expected family, soc…
Myers Psychology Chapter 1
Cognitive bias
Availability Heuristic
framing effects for numbers
Hindsight bias
Mental shortcuts involving simplified ways of thinking that u…
estimating the likelihood of events based on their availabili…
preferring frequency to probability... (adaptive)
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Cognitive bias
Mental shortcuts involving simplified ways of thinking that u…
Availability Heuristic
estimating the likelihood of events based on their availabili…
73 terms
Myers for AP Psychology Unit 4
absolute threshold
binocular cues
blind spot
cochlea
minimal amount of energy required to produce any sensation, 5…
visual messages/cues that require two eyes (retinal disparity…
place on the retina out where the optic nerve leaves the eye,…
snail-shaped structure in the inner ear; contains fluid that…
absolute threshold
minimal amount of energy required to produce any sensation, 5…
binocular cues
visual messages/cues that require two eyes (retinal disparity…
75 terms
Myers' Psychology Unit 2
Three Reasons Why we Can't Trust Intui…
Hindsight Bias
What does Common Sense Describe?
Overconfidence
Hindsight bias, overconfidence, and perceiving order in rando…
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
What has happened more than what will happen
Humans tend to be more confident than correct; Tend to search…
Three Reasons Why we Can't Trust Intui…
Hindsight bias, overconfidence, and perceiving order in rando…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
14 terms
Myers Psychology 8e - Prologue
psychology
empiricism
structuralism
functionalism
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. (Myers…
the view that (a) knowledge comes from experience via the sen…
an early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
a school of psychology that focused on how mental and behavio…
psychology
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. (Myers…
empiricism
the view that (a) knowledge comes from experience via the sen…
705 terms
Myers' AP Psychology for AP*
set up the first psychological laborat…
published the first psychology textboo…
studied evolution and thought the stro…
student under William James who should…
Wilhelm Wundt
William James
Charles Darwin
Mary Calkins
set up the first psychological laborat…
Wilhelm Wundt
published the first psychology textboo…
William James
35 terms
Myers for AP Psychology Unit 3A
biological psychology
neuron
dendrite
cell body
a branch of psychology that studies the links between biologi…
a nerve cell, the basic building block of the nervous system
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
cell body of a neuron
biological psychology
a branch of psychology that studies the links between biologi…
neuron
a nerve cell, the basic building block of the nervous system
21 terms
Psychology (Myers): Psychological Disorders
psychological disorder
medical model
bio-psycho-social perspective
DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual…
A "harmful dysfunction" in which behavior is judged to be aty…
The concept that diseases have physical causes that can be di…
A contemporary perspective which assumes that biological, psy…
[abbrev.] By the American Psychiatric Association; a widely u…
psychological disorder
A "harmful dysfunction" in which behavior is judged to be aty…
medical model
The concept that diseases have physical causes that can be di…
38 terms
Brain Structures AP Psychology Myers
Lesion
Electroencephalogram (EEG)
CT (computed tomography) scan
(PET) Positron emission tomography scan
tissue destruction. It can occur naturally or experimentally…
An amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity th…
a series of x-ray photographs taken from different angles and…
A visual display of brain activity that detects where a radio…
Lesion
tissue destruction. It can occur naturally or experimentally…
Electroencephalogram (EEG)
An amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity th…
35 terms
Myers for AP Psychology Unit 3A
biological psychology
neuron
dendrite
cell body
a branch of psychology that studies the links between biologi…
a nerve cell, the basic building block of the nervous system
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
cell body of a neuron
biological psychology
a branch of psychology that studies the links between biologi…
neuron
a nerve cell, the basic building block of the nervous system
65 terms
Myers' Psychology, Unit X
personality
Sigmund Freud
Anna Freud
free association
An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
1856-1939; Field: psychoanalytic, personality; Contributions:…
1895-1982; Field: psychoanalysis; Contributions: focused on c…
In psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
personality
An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
Sigmund Freud
1856-1939; Field: psychoanalytic, personality; Contributions:…
28 terms
Psychology (Myers) Chapter 12
emotion
James-Lange theory
Cannon-Bard theory
two-factor theory
a response of the whole organism involving physiological arou…
the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of…
the theory that an emotion-arousing stimulus simultaneously t…
he Schachter-Singer theory that to experience emotion one mus…
emotion
a response of the whole organism involving physiological arou…
James-Lange theory
the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of…
16 terms
Myers' AP Psychology: Personality
personality
free association
psychoanalysis
id
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
Freud's theory of personality that attributes our thoughts an…
unconscious psychic energy that strives to satisfy basic sexu…
personality
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
free association
in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
43 terms
Psychology (Myers) Chapter 16
social psychology
attribution theory
fundamental attribution error
attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
social psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
attribution theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
92 terms
Myers' Psychology, Unit VII
motivation
instinct
drive-reduction theory
drive
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
A complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension…
An aroused state of psychological tension that typically aris…
motivation
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
instinct
A complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
24 terms
Psychology (Myers) Chapter 14
psychological disorder
attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
medical model
DSM-IV-TR
deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional behavior pattern
a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of…
the concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorde…
the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statist…
psychological disorder
deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional behavior pattern
attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of…
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