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Study sets matching "psychology nervous system chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "psychology nervous system chapter 2"

47 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 : Nervous System
Role of Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
Myelin Sheath
receive, integrate, transmit
receive signals from other cells
carries signal away from soma, other cells
insulates axon, speeds up transmission
Role of Neuron
receive, integrate, transmit
Dendrites
receive signals from other cells
Psychology Chapter 2 - Nervous system
The Central Nervous System
The Brain
The Spinal Cord
Sensory / afferent System
contains the brain and spinal cord, and is the control center…
makes complex decisions coordinates bodily functions, and ini…
supports the brain and serves as a neural cable. Connecting t…
picks up messages and sends them to the brain
The Central Nervous System
contains the brain and spinal cord, and is the control center…
The Brain
makes complex decisions coordinates bodily functions, and ini…
21 terms
the nervous system- psychology chapter 2
synapse gap
neuron
dentrites
soma
a fluid filled space between neurons that neurotransmitters f…
a cell in the nervous system that receives and sends messages…
parts of a neuron that receive messages from other cells.
contains the nucleus
synapse gap
a fluid filled space between neurons that neurotransmitters f…
neuron
a cell in the nervous system that receives and sends messages…
39 terms
Psychology Chapter 2- the nervous system
Neuron
Dendrite
Soma
Axon
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
neuron extensions that receive messages and conduct impulses…
the cell body of the neuron responsible for maintaining the l…
neuron extensions that pass messages to other neurons or cells
Neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Dendrite
neuron extensions that receive messages and conduct impulses…
9 terms
Chapter 2 Psychology- The Nervous System
afferent nerves
efferent nerves
The central nervous system consists of
The peripheral nervous system can be b…
sensory
motor
the brain and spinal cord
the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system
afferent nerves
sensory
efferent nerves
motor
36 terms
Psychology : Chapter 2 Matching question (nervous system)
Neuron
Neurotransmitter
Dendrites
Axon
a nerve cell/ individual nerve cell
Any chemical released by a neuron that alters actiity in othe…
a rootlike structures attached to the cell body that receive…
the long thin part of a neuron that sends impulses (messages)…
Neuron
a nerve cell/ individual nerve cell
Neurotransmitter
Any chemical released by a neuron that alters actiity in othe…
77 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Nervous System
Medulla
Pons
The Reticular Formation (RF)
Cerebellum
The first large swelling at the top of the spinal cord, formi…
The larger swelling above the medulla that connects the tope…
An area of neurons running through the middle of the medulla…
Part of the lower brain located behind the pons that controls…
Medulla
The first large swelling at the top of the spinal cord, formi…
Pons
The larger swelling above the medulla that connects the tope…
88 terms
Chapter 2- The nervous system-psychology
Nervous system
Neuron
Dendrites
Soma
An extensive network of specialized cells that carry informat…
The basic cell that makes up the nervous system and which rec…
Branch-like structure that receive messaged from other neurons
The cell body of the neuron,responsible for maintaining the m…
Nervous system
An extensive network of specialized cells that carry informat…
Neuron
The basic cell that makes up the nervous system and which rec…
7 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 (Nervous System)
Automatic Nervous System (ANS)
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Nervous System
Controls our glands and the muscles of our internal organs, i…
The brain and spinal cord form the central nervous system - t…
Is responsible for gathering information and for transmitting…
The body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, con…
Automatic Nervous System (ANS)
Controls our glands and the muscles of our internal organs, i…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
The brain and spinal cord form the central nervous system - t…
65 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 - The Nervous System
nervous system
neuron
dendrites
soma
a network of cells that carries information to and from all p…
the basic cell that makes up the nervous system and that rece…
branchlike structures that receive messages from other neurons
the cell body of the neuron responsible for maintaining the l…
nervous system
a network of cells that carries information to and from all p…
neuron
the basic cell that makes up the nervous system and that rece…
Psychology Chapter 2: Nervous System
What does the Central Nervous System c…
What is the function of the Peripheral…
What are nerves?
What is the Peripheral Nervous System…
The brain and the spinal cord.
It gathers and sends info to the CNS.
Bundles of axons, link with sensory receptors
It is composed of sensory, motor, and interneurons.... It gather…
What does the Central Nervous System c…
The brain and the spinal cord.
What is the function of the Peripheral…
It gathers and sends info to the CNS.
10 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 (Nervous System Organization)
Central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Neuroplasticity
Neurogenesis
-the part of the nervous system consisting of the BRAIN and S…
-the part of the nervous system composed of the NERVES and NE…
-the brain's ability to reorganize and change its structure a…
-the process by which new neurons are generated
Central nervous system (CNS)
-the part of the nervous system consisting of the BRAIN and S…
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
-the part of the nervous system composed of the NERVES and NE…
26 terms
Health Psychology Chapter 2 (Nervous system)
Division of the nervous system (NS)
nervous system
CNS
peripheral
1. central... 2. peripheral
receives info about changes in the environment from sensory o…
contains brain and spinal cord
-connects the CNS to the peripheral of the body... -contains som…
Division of the nervous system (NS)
1. central... 2. peripheral
nervous system
receives info about changes in the environment from sensory o…
48 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 2 - Nervous System
Neuron
Cell Body
Dendrite
Axon
(nerve cell) ... basic building block of the nervous system
Life support center of the neuron. ... No role in neural signaling
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
Neuron
(nerve cell) ... basic building block of the nervous system
Cell Body
Life support center of the neuron. ... No role in neural signaling
40 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 (nervous system and brain)
Nervous System
Electrochemical Communication System
Behavioral Neuroscience
Electrochemical Transmission
The body's electrochemical communication system.
Your nervous system uses electricity and chemical to communic…
the study of how the nervous system affects and controls beha…
Communication from nerve cell to nerve cell
Nervous System
The body's electrochemical communication system.
Electrochemical Communication System
Your nervous system uses electricity and chemical to communic…
18 terms
Psychology 110 Chapter 2 - Brain Structures and Nervous System
frontal lobes
parietal lobe
temporal lobe
occipital lobe
oversee and organize most other brain functions, body is mapp…
contains somatosensory cortex which is sensitive to touch, pa…
hearing, understanding language, and storing autobiographical…
contains visual cortex, lies at very rear of brain
frontal lobes
oversee and organize most other brain functions, body is mapp…
parietal lobe
contains somatosensory cortex which is sensitive to touch, pa…
94 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 2:Nervous System
Phrenology
Biological Psychologists
Neuron
Cell Body (Soma)
Franz Gall. Study of the bumps on the head. Helpful because i…
Study the link between biological and psychological processes.
Basic building blocks that carry messages. Oldest cells in th…
Decides whether to fire or not. Holds the nucleus.
Phrenology
Franz Gall. Study of the bumps on the head. Helpful because i…
Biological Psychologists
Study the link between biological and psychological processes.
23 terms
Psychology Chapter 2: The Nervous System and The Endocrine System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Interneurons
Sensory Neurons
made up of the brain and spinal cord.
the remainder of the nervous system throughout the body, link…
integrate information within the CNS by communicating with ea…
carry information to CNS from sensory receptors, muscles, and…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
made up of the brain and spinal cord.
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
the remainder of the nervous system throughout the body, link…
68 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 2: The Brain & Nervous System
Nature
Nurture
Epigenetics
Mutations
Contributions of Genetic Inheritance
Contributions of Learning and Environment
Healthy experiences with loving caregivers can help offset th…
-Sometimes an error takes place when genes are copied.... Ex. Ti…
Nature
Contributions of Genetic Inheritance
Nurture
Contributions of Learning and Environment
12 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 2- The Nervous System
nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
nerves
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system, cons…
the brain and spinal cord
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
neural cables containing many axons (connect the central nerv…
nervous system
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system, cons…
central nervous system
the brain and spinal cord
51 terms
Psychology Chapter 2: Nervous System and the Brain
Nervous System
Neuron
Axon
Dendrites
an extensive network of specialized cells that carry informat…
the basic cell that makes up the nervous system and which rec…
long tube-like structure that carries the neural message to o…
the branch-like structures that receive messages from other n…
Nervous System
an extensive network of specialized cells that carry informat…
Neuron
the basic cell that makes up the nervous system and which rec…
23 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 2 Vocab (nervous system)
acetylcholine
agnosia
amygdala
autonomic system
the neurotransmitter released by neurons to activate muscles
an inability to grasp the meaning of stimuli, such as words,…
a part of the limibic system (within the brain) that produces…
the system of nerves that connects the brain with the interna…
acetylcholine
the neurotransmitter released by neurons to activate muscles
agnosia
an inability to grasp the meaning of stimuli, such as words,…
25 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Brain and Nervous System
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Somatic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Spinal cord, brain
Somatic Nervous, Autonomic Nervous
Conveys sensory information to the CNS and sends motor messag…
Controls involuntary basic life functions, such as heartbeat…
Central nervous system
Spinal cord, brain
Peripheral nervous system
Somatic Nervous, Autonomic Nervous
9 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Structures of Nervous System
Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sensory Neurons
an electrochemical system of communication within the body th…
brain and spinal cord
all of the nervous system except brain and spinal cord
neurons that transmit information from the sense organs to th…
Nervous System
an electrochemical system of communication within the body th…
Central Nervous System
brain and spinal cord
12 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 2- The Nervous System
nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
nerves
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system, cons…
the brain and spinal cord
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
neural cables containing many axons (connect the central nerv…
nervous system
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system, cons…
central nervous system
the brain and spinal cord
8 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 2 The Nervous System
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Somatic nervous system
Autonomic nervous system
The brain and spinal cord.
The network of nerves that connects the brain and spinal cord…
The body system consisting of the sensory nerves, whose funct…
The body system that takes messages to and from the body's in…
Central nervous system
The brain and spinal cord.
Peripheral nervous system
The network of nerves that connects the brain and spinal cord…
21 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Neurons and Nervous system.
psychobiologist
Neuron
Serotonin
Dopamine
Scientists who study how mental processes and behaviors are l…
Nerve Cells that transmits impulses.
Inhibitory; Sleep, arousal, mood, appetite. Linked to Depress…
Inhibitory; Voluntary movement, attention, learning, and emot…
psychobiologist
Scientists who study how mental processes and behaviors are l…
Neuron
Nerve Cells that transmits impulses.
42 terms
Chapter 2 brain and nervous system(psychology)
Nervous system
Neuron
Dendrites
Soma
Network of cells that carry information to and from all parts…
A specialized cell in the nervous system that receives and se…
receives nucleus from other cells -branch like
Attached to dendrites and is body cell thats responsible for…
Nervous system
Network of cells that carry information to and from all parts…
Neuron
A specialized cell in the nervous system that receives and se…
42 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 Notes- Nervous System
Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Somatic Nervous System
The body's speedy electrochemical communication network, cons…
The brain and spinal chord.
Connects CNS to the limbs and organs, essentially serving as…
The division of the PNS that controls the body's skeletal mus…
Nervous System
The body's speedy electrochemical communication network, cons…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
The brain and spinal chord.
12 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 2- The Nervous System
nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
nerves
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system, cons…
the brain and spinal cord
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
neural cables containing many axons (connect the central nerv…
nervous system
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system, cons…
central nervous system
the brain and spinal cord
12 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 2- The Nervous System
nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
nerves
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system, cons…
the brain and spinal cord
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
neural cables containing many axons (connect the central nerv…
nervous system
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system, cons…
central nervous system
the brain and spinal cord
42 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 Nervous System and Brain
Neurogenesis
Stem cells
Examples of neurogenesis
Plasticity
production of new brain cells
cells found in human embryos that are able to develop into an…
natural promoters: exercise, sleep, stimulating environment
ability of brain to modify itself after damage
Neurogenesis
production of new brain cells
Stem cells
cells found in human embryos that are able to develop into an…
12 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 2- The Nervous System
nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
nerves
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system, cons…
the brain and spinal cord
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
neural cables containing many axons (connect the central nerv…
nervous system
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system, cons…
central nervous system
the brain and spinal cord
13 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 2- The Nervous System
nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
nerves
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system, cons…
the brain and spinal cord
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
neural cables containing many axons (connect the central nerv…
nervous system
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system, cons…
central nervous system
the brain and spinal cord
12 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 2- The Nervous System
nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
nerves
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system, cons…
the brain and spinal cord
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
neural cables containing many axons (connect the central nerv…
nervous system
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system, cons…
central nervous system
the brain and spinal cord
12 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 2- The Nervous System
nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
nerves
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system, cons…
the brain and spinal cord
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
neural cables containing many axons (connect the central nerv…
nervous system
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system, cons…
central nervous system
the brain and spinal cord
17 terms
psychology chapter 2 central nervous system and brain
central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
somatic system
autonomic system
brain and spinal cord,acts as the central executive of the bo…
every nerve outside makes the peripheral nervous system trans…
carries sensory information and controls movement of blood ve…
automatically regulates glands. internal organs and blood ves…
central nervous system
brain and spinal cord,acts as the central executive of the bo…
Peripheral nervous system
every nerve outside makes the peripheral nervous system trans…
38 terms
DE Psychology Chapter 2: Brain and Nervous System
Neuron
Function of Myelin Sheath
Neurotransmitters
Serotonin
Specialized cell in nervous system that sends and receives ne…
Speeds neural impulse, coats the axons insulate, protects ner…
Chemicals that transmit signals to different areas of the brain
NT involved with mood, sleep, and appetite; excitatory or inh…
Neuron
Specialized cell in nervous system that sends and receives ne…
Function of Myelin Sheath
Speeds neural impulse, coats the axons insulate, protects ner…
35 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2: Neural Communication, Nervous System, Endocrine System
Phrenology
Neurons
Dendrite
Axon
Theory that linked our mental abilities to the bumps on our s…
Nerve cells; body has billions
Receiving extension of a neuron
Extension that transmits information
Phrenology
Theory that linked our mental abilities to the bumps on our s…
Neurons
Nerve cells; body has billions
33 terms
Chapter 2: Biological Basis of Behavior - The Nervous System
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
somatic nervous system
autonomic nervous system
Brain and spinal cord
Links the brain and spinal cord to the rest of the body
Division of PNS: controls voluntary activities (activation of…
Division of PNS: regulates the involuntary activity of the in…
central nervous system (CNS)
Brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Links the brain and spinal cord to the rest of the body
57 terms
Psychology Book Chapter 2 The Nervous System
nervous system
neuroscientist
characteristics of the nervous system
Afferent Nerves (sensory nerves)
- the body's electrochemical communication circuitry
- people who study the nervous system
complexity: human brain and nervous system are complex... - allo…
- nerves that carry info about external environment to the br…
nervous system
- the body's electrochemical communication circuitry
neuroscientist
- people who study the nervous system
134 terms
Chapter 2: The Nervous System
(A) Dendrites
(B) Cell body
(C) Axon
(D) Axon Terminals
A
B
C
D
(A) Dendrites
A
(B) Cell body
B
68 terms
Psychology (David Meyer) Chapter 2: The Nervous System, the Endocrine System, and the Brain
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Myelin Sheath
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive messages…
Extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fibers, t…
A layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of ma…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Dendrite
Bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive messages…
53 terms
Physiological Psychology Chapter 2 (Communication Within the Nervous System)
Absolute Refractory Period
Action Potential
Agonist
All-Or-None Law
A brief time right after the action potential occur, where th…
An abrupt depolarization of the membrane that allows the neur…
Drugs or compounds that mimic or increase the effect of a NT.
States the an action potential is ungraded, and occurs at ful…
Absolute Refractory Period
A brief time right after the action potential occur, where th…
Action Potential
An abrupt depolarization of the membrane that allows the neur…
39 terms
PSYCH - CHAPTER 2 - THE BRAIN AND NERVOUS SYSTEM
The larger part of a neuron that is th…
Neuron extensions that receive message…
Neuron extension that sends messages t…
A nerve cell; the basic building block…
Cell Body
Dendrites
Axon
Neuron
The larger part of a neuron that is th…
Cell Body
Neuron extensions that receive message…
Dendrites
56 terms
BCHS Psychology and the Nervous System
Biopsychology
Neuron
Cell body
Dendrites
How the brain and other systems influence behavior
Specialized cells of the nervous system, communicate with eac…
Main, central structure of the neuron
Parts of a neuron that receive impulses
Biopsychology
How the brain and other systems influence behavior
Neuron
Specialized cells of the nervous system, communicate with eac…
16 terms
The Nervous System - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
stimuli
nerve impulse
sensory neurons
motor neurons
starts a nerve impulse
message carried through our body by nerves
picks up signals or stimuli from the environment
sends messages to our muscles telling them to move
stimuli
starts a nerve impulse
nerve impulse
message carried through our body by nerves
55 terms
Chapter 2--Nervous System
function: controls skeletal muscle... loc…
function: neuron process that carries…
function: a neuron process that carrie…
function: releasing neurotransmitters…
soma
dendrite
axon
synaptic terminal
function: controls skeletal muscle... loc…
soma
function: neuron process that carries…
dendrite
Psychology Chapter 2: The Biology of the Mind and Consciousness- Nervous System
neuron
dendrites
axon
action potential
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
neuron extensions that receive messages and conducts them tow…
neuron extension that sends messages to other neurons or cells
a nerve impulse
neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
dendrites
neuron extensions that receive messages and conducts them tow…
43 terms
Chapter 2 The Nervous System
Neuron (3 types)
Dendrite
Axon
Myelin sheath
Sensory, motor, interneurons
receives neurotransmitters from other neurons
passes electrical msgs away from cell body
protects the axon and speeds up electrical impulse
Neuron (3 types)
Sensory, motor, interneurons
Dendrite
receives neurotransmitters from other neurons
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