Study sets matching "psychology social development chapter 8"

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Study sets matching "psychology social development chapter 8"

24 terms
Psychology of Social Development Chapter 8: Vocab
Aggressive- Rejected Children
Associative play
Average children
Clique
Youngsters who are not accepted by their peers because of the…
Interaction in which young children share toys, materials, an…
Youngsters who have some friends but who are not as well like…
A peer group formed on the basis of friendship.
Aggressive- Rejected Children
Youngsters who are not accepted by their peers because of the…
Associative play
Interaction in which young children share toys, materials, an…
90 terms
Psychology Chapter 8: Development
Development
names to know in this chapter
longitudinal study
cross-sectional study
physical ... emotional ... cognitive... social
Paiget (4 stages of development)... Vygotsky (zone of proximal d…
assess the same group of people across time (as they age; lon…
asses groups of differing ages at the same time ... studies age…
Development
physical ... emotional ... cognitive... social
names to know in this chapter
Paiget (4 stages of development)... Vygotsky (zone of proximal d…
Social Psychology: Chapter 8
passion
intimacy
decision/commitment
factor analysis
factor on love scales composed of items tapping romantic attr…
factor on love scales composed of items tapping feelings of c…
factor on love scales composed of items tapping decision that…
a statistical technique for sorting test items or behaviors i…
passion
factor on love scales composed of items tapping romantic attr…
intimacy
factor on love scales composed of items tapping feelings of c…
45 terms
Psychology Chapter 8 Child Development
Accommodation
Assimilation
Attachment
Authoritarian Parents
mental process of modifying existing schemes and creating new…
the mental process by which new objects, events, experiences,…
The early, close relationship formed between infant and careg…
parents who make arbitrary rules, expect unquestioned obedien…
Accommodation
mental process of modifying existing schemes and creating new…
Assimilation
the mental process by which new objects, events, experiences,…
Chapter 8: Development Psychology
Developmental Psychology
Human Development
Longitudinal Design
Cross-Sectional Design
physical, social, cognitive changes over time
the scientific study of the changes that occur in people as t…
research design in which one participant or group of particip…
research design in which several different age groups of part…
Developmental Psychology
physical, social, cognitive changes over time
Human Development
the scientific study of the changes that occur in people as t…
72 terms
Psychology Chapter 8- Development
Human Development
Longitudinal Study
Cross-Sectional Study
Gregor Mendel (1822-1864)
Study of changes in people from conception until death
Following the changes of one person for a, usually long, peri…
Following the changes of a group of people of different ages…
Studied genes, both dominant and recessive, in peas
Human Development
Study of changes in people from conception until death
Longitudinal Study
Following the changes of one person for a, usually long, peri…
63 terms
Social Psychology (Chapter 8)
Social Action
Social Facilitation
Yerkes-Dodson Law
Deindividuation
conscious behavior we perform because others are around
people perform better when they know they're being watched
being in the presence of others (arousal) hinders our ability…
people behave differently in groups than when alone; can lead…
Social Action
conscious behavior we perform because others are around
Social Facilitation
people perform better when they know they're being watched
15 terms
Cross Cultural Psychology- Chapter 8: Human Development and Socialization
Human Development
socialization
Social aspects of Human Development
Vygotsky and Human Development
the changes in the physical, psychological, and social behavi…
process by which an individual becomes a member of a particul…
-family size and specific aspects of family relationships can…
-established the idea that guided interaction with a more kno…
Human Development
the changes in the physical, psychological, and social behavi…
socialization
process by which an individual becomes a member of a particul…
22 terms
Developmental Psychology - Chapter 8 (Social and Personality Development in Early Childhood)
Social-Cognitive Theory
Person Perception
Permissive Parenting Style
Authoritarian Parenting Style
The theoretical perspective that asserts that social and pers…
The ability to classify others according to categories such a…
A style of parenting that is high in nurturance and low in ma…
A style of parenting that is low in nurturance and communicat…
Social-Cognitive Theory
The theoretical perspective that asserts that social and pers…
Person Perception
The ability to classify others according to categories such a…
Social Psychology Chapter 8
Group
Co-actors
Social Facilitation
Evaluation Apprehension
Two or more people who, for longer than a few moments, intera…
Co-participants working individually on a noncompetitive acti…
(1) Original meaning: The tendency of people to perform simpl…
Concern for how others are evaluating us
Group
Two or more people who, for longer than a few moments, intera…
Co-actors
Co-participants working individually on a noncompetitive acti…
Psychology Chapter 8 Development.
Developmental Psychology.
Heredity.
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid).
Dominant Gene:
The study of progressive changes in behavior and abilities.
Transmission of physical and psychological characteristics fr…
Molecular structure, shaped like a double helix that contains…
The genes feature will appear each time the gene is present.
Developmental Psychology.
The study of progressive changes in behavior and abilities.
Heredity.
Transmission of physical and psychological characteristics fr…
12 terms
Psychology Chapter 8 Development
Developmental Psychology
Nature vs. Nurture
Cross-sectional research
Longitudinal research
-the study of the patterns of growth and change that occur th…
-the issue of the degree to which environment and heredity in…
-comparing people of different ages at the same point in time
-studying the same people as they age
Developmental Psychology
-the study of the patterns of growth and change that occur th…
Nature vs. Nurture
-the issue of the degree to which environment and heredity in…
71 terms
Psychology Chapter 8 Child Development
Accommodation
Assimilation
Attachment
Authoritarian Parents
mental process of modifying existing schemes and creating new…
the mental process by which new objects, events, experiences,…
The early, close relationship formed between infant and careg…
parents who make arbitrary rules, expect unquestioned obedien…
Accommodation
mental process of modifying existing schemes and creating new…
Assimilation
the mental process by which new objects, events, experiences,…
34 terms
Psychology Chapter 8: Development
Development starts at..
What sort of changes?
Research Designs:
Longitudinal:
conception and goes until death
-Cognitive: language, memory... -Psychosoical: relationships, em…
-Cross-sectional: taking a "slice" out of population and stud…
looking at the same people over time. Problem: people can dro…
Development starts at..
conception and goes until death
What sort of changes?
-Cognitive: language, memory... -Psychosoical: relationships, em…
Psychology Chapter 8 Child Development
Accommodation
Assimilation
Attachment
Authoritarian Parents
mental process of modifying existing schemes and creating new…
the mental process by which new objects, events, experiences,…
The early, close relationship formed between infant and careg…
parents who make arbitrary rules, expect unquestioned obedien…
Accommodation
mental process of modifying existing schemes and creating new…
Assimilation
the mental process by which new objects, events, experiences,…
Development psychology chapter 8
Erikson' psychological theory
Initiative vs. Guilt
Self- understanding:
Self-esteem:
Initiative vs. Guilt: success in this stage leads to a sen of…
Initiative: new sense of purposefulness, eagerness to try new…
Emerging language skills enable children to discuss inner men…
Judgment we make about our own worth and the feeling about th…
Erikson' psychological theory
Initiative vs. Guilt: success in this stage leads to a sen of…
Initiative vs. Guilt
Initiative: new sense of purposefulness, eagerness to try new…
Chapter 8 Social and Personality Development
What are 2 Freudian stages present dur…
Freud's summation of early childhood
Erikson stages in early childhood
Person Perception
-Anal stage (1-3 yrs) of toilet training... -Phallic stage estab…
Kids gain control of bodily functions and renegotiate relatio…
Autonomy vs. shame/doubt - new mobility/autonomy... Initiative v…
-Capacity to apply categories to people... -Young kids base judg…
What are 2 Freudian stages present dur…
-Anal stage (1-3 yrs) of toilet training... -Phallic stage estab…
Freud's summation of early childhood
Kids gain control of bodily functions and renegotiate relatio…
93 terms
Chapter 8-Development, Psychology
Human Development
Longitudinal Design
Cross Sectional Design
Cross-Sequential Design
Study of changes in people from conception until death.
One group of people is followed and assessed at different tim…
...
A combination of the longitudinal and cross-sectional designs…
Human Development
Study of changes in people from conception until death.
Longitudinal Design
One group of people is followed and assessed at different tim…
98 terms
Social Development: Chapter 8
Difference Between Peer and Adult Rela…
Dyad
Groups
Peer Interactions and Friendships Dvlp…
-Briefer, freer, more equal... -More likely to involve shared po…
Interactions between pairs of children.
Cliques, teams, and crowds with norms, rules and hierarchies.
Touches and looks at another infant and cries in response to…
Difference Between Peer and Adult Rela…
-Briefer, freer, more equal... -More likely to involve shared po…
Dyad
Interactions between pairs of children.
57 terms
Social Development Chapter 8 +
peer
friend
onlooker play
parallel play
another child roughly around the same age... -short interactions…
a peer whom a child has a special relationship ... -regular, sus…
(2 years old)... child watches but does not participate in play
(2 to 4 years old) children do similar things or play with si…
peer
another child roughly around the same age... -short interactions…
friend
a peer whom a child has a special relationship ... -regular, sus…
Psychology Chapter 8: Human Development
Experience affecting brain development
Culture
Norm
Personal Space
No stimulus -----> less neural development... stimulus -----> mo…
enduring behaviors, ideas, and traditions shared by a group o…
understood rule for expected behavior... ex. Boys - football... G…
is a Norm.... buffer zone we like to maintain our bodies... cultur…
Experience affecting brain development
No stimulus -----> less neural development... stimulus -----> mo…
Culture
enduring behaviors, ideas, and traditions shared by a group o…
46 terms
Social Psychology- Chapter 8
In a variation on his original experim…
In a series of studies by Solomon Asch…
One of the major concerns about the Mi…
It is likely that participants in Stan…
informational influence.
normative social influence was at work.
there were several major ethical concerns.
informational social influence
In a variation on his original experim…
informational influence.
In a series of studies by Solomon Asch…
normative social influence was at work.
Social Psychology - Chapter 8
Elaboration-Likelihood Model (ELM)
Heuristic-Systematic Model (HSM)
Central (systematic) route
Peripheral (heuristic) Route
A model of persuasion maintaining that there are two differen…
A model of persuasion maintaining that there are two differen…
A route to persuasion wherein people think carefully and deli…
A route to persuasion wherein people attend to relatively eas…
Elaboration-Likelihood Model (ELM)
A model of persuasion maintaining that there are two differen…
Heuristic-Systematic Model (HSM)
A model of persuasion maintaining that there are two differen…
47 terms
Psychology Chapter 8: Human Development
Development
3 Main ways of developmental study
Resilience
Physical Processes
Pattern of continuity and change in human capabilities
-Cohort studies... -Longitudinal studies... -Cross-sectional Compar…
-People who are high in resilience have a higher chance to su…
-Involve changes in an individual's biological nature.
Development
Pattern of continuity and change in human capabilities
3 Main ways of developmental study
-Cohort studies... -Longitudinal studies... -Cross-sectional Compar…
75 terms
Psychology: Chapter 8 Development Across the Life Span
Human Development
Longitudinal Design
Cohort Effect
Cross-sectional design
The scientific study of the changes that occur in people as t…
Research design in which ONE participant or group of particip…
Impact on development when a group of people share common TIM…
Research design in which SEVERAL different age groups of part…
Human Development
The scientific study of the changes that occur in people as t…
Longitudinal Design
Research design in which ONE participant or group of particip…
Social Psychology - Chapter 8
Group: Set of individuals that have at…
Group cohesiveness
Social facilitation
Social loafing:
- Direct interactions with each other over a period of time.…
The extent to which forces push group members closer together…
A process whereby the presence of others enhances performance…
A group-produced reduction in individual output on easy tasks…
Group: Set of individuals that have at…
- Direct interactions with each other over a period of time.…
Group cohesiveness
The extent to which forces push group members closer together…
67 terms
Psychology Test 3: Chapter 8: Emotional and Social Development in Early Childhood
children play to learn about
negative outcomes of early childhood
early childhood is when children develop
self concept
themselves and their social world
causes children to feel guilty because they have been threate…
confident self-image
attributes, abilities, attitudes, and values that makes you w…
children play to learn about
themselves and their social world
negative outcomes of early childhood
causes children to feel guilty because they have been threate…
Social Psychology Chapter 8
A false impression of what most other…
The relationship between group size an…
Which one of the following is NOT an e…
Which of the following comments is mos…
pluralistic ignorance
positive
(D) deindividuation
(A) "We have been in agreement on matters in the past and I h…
A false impression of what most other…
pluralistic ignorance
The relationship between group size an…
positive
13 terms
Social Psychology 2e Chapter 8
Acceptance
Compliance
Conformity
Descriptive norms
When both actions and beliefs... are in line with the social norm.
When actions are in line with... the social norm, but belief rem…
Going along with a group in... actions or beliefs.
Norms describing... what most people do.
Acceptance
When both actions and beliefs... are in line with the social norm.
Compliance
When actions are in line with... the social norm, but belief rem…
Lifespan Development, Psychology Chapter 8
Social- Cognitive Theory
Person Perception
Permissive Parenting style
Authoritarian Parenting style
The theoretical perspective that asserts that social and pers…
The ability to classify others according to the categories su…
A style of parenting that is high in nurturance and low in ma…
A style of parenting that is low in nurturance and communicat…
Social- Cognitive Theory
The theoretical perspective that asserts that social and pers…
Person Perception
The ability to classify others according to the categories su…
23 terms
Psychology Chapter 8, Human Development
Human Development
Designs used by researchers to study h…
What's the variable used to study huma…
Cohort Effect.
Scientific study of the changes that occur in people as they…
Longitudinal Design: same age through life.... Cross-sectional D…
Age.
Particular impact on development that occurs when a group of…
Human Development
Scientific study of the changes that occur in people as they…
Designs used by researchers to study h…
Longitudinal Design: same age through life.... Cross-sectional D…
social psychology chapter 8
Conformity
Complience
Obedience
2 types of conformity
changing your behavior, belief, or attitude because of the re…
a form of conformity that is a conscious result of a direct r…
acting in direct response to a command or order
informative and normative
Conformity
changing your behavior, belief, or attitude because of the re…
Complience
a form of conformity that is a conscious result of a direct r…
Social Psychology: Chapter 8
Group
Co-actors
Social Facilitation
Evaluation Apprehension
Two or more people who, for longer than a few moments, intera…
Co-participants working individually on a noncompetitive acti…
Original meaning: the tendency of people to perform simple or…
Concern for how others are evaluating us.
Group
Two or more people who, for longer than a few moments, intera…
Co-actors
Co-participants working individually on a noncompetitive acti…
8 terms
Introduction to Social Psychology Chapter 8
Door-in-the-face technique
Foot-in-the-door technique
Legitimization-of-paltry-favors techni…
Low-ball technique
Persuasion technique that involves beginning with a large req…
Persuasion technique that involves making a small request fol…
A persuasion technique that involves making a very small cont…
A persuasion technique involving an initial, reasonable reque…
Door-in-the-face technique
Persuasion technique that involves beginning with a large req…
Foot-in-the-door technique
Persuasion technique that involves making a small request fol…
20 terms
Psychology-Chapter 8: Development
The person who objects to war on the b…
Suggesting that a poor man who stole f…
Infants who have secure attachments te…
Mercedes takes her 1-year-old son, Jus…
a. postconventional
a. postconventional moral reasoning
b. less curiosity and less persistence as preschoolers
a. share a secure attachment relationship
The person who objects to war on the b…
a. postconventional
Suggesting that a poor man who stole f…
a. postconventional moral reasoning
Chapter 8: Human Development, Psychology
human development
longitudinal design
cross sectional design
cross sequential design
scientific study of people as they age, from conception until…
research design in which participants are studied over a long…
several different participant age groups are studied simultan…
participants are first studied cross sectionally and then lon…
human development
scientific study of people as they age, from conception until…
longitudinal design
research design in which participants are studied over a long…
Social Psychology Chapter 8
Group
interdependence
two principle functions of groups
Temporal model of group membership
Several independent people who have emotional ties and intera…
members depend on each other to achieve goals and also events…
accomplishing tasks & dealing with emotional and social relat…
A theory of group membership describing the changes that occu…
Group
Several independent people who have emotional ties and intera…
interdependence
members depend on each other to achieve goals and also events…
45 terms
Psychology Chapter 8 Child Development
Accommodation
Assimilation
Attachment
Authoritarian Parents
mental process of modifying existing schemes and creating new…
the mental process by which new objects, events, experiences,…
The early, close relationship formed between infant and careg…
parents who make arbitrary rules, expect unquestioned obedien…
Accommodation
mental process of modifying existing schemes and creating new…
Assimilation
the mental process by which new objects, events, experiences,…
Social Psychology Chapter 8
Elaboration-Likelihood Model (ELM)
Heuristic-Systematic Model (HSM)
Central (Systematic) Route
Peripheral (Heuristic) Route
A model of persuasion maintaining that there are two differen…
A model of persuasion maintaining that there are two differen…
A route to persuasion wherein people think carefully and deli…
A route to persuasion wherein people attend to relatively eas…
Elaboration-Likelihood Model (ELM)
A model of persuasion maintaining that there are two differen…
Heuristic-Systematic Model (HSM)
A model of persuasion maintaining that there are two differen…
50 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 8
conformity
informational social influence
private acceptance
public compliance
a change in one's behavior due to the real or imagined influe…
the influence of other people that leads us to conform becaus…
conforming to other people's behavior out of a genuine belief…
conforming to other people's behavior without necessarily bel…
conformity
a change in one's behavior due to the real or imagined influe…
informational social influence
the influence of other people that leads us to conform becaus…
13 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 8
Conformity
Informational Social Influence
Private Acceptance
Public Compliance
A change in one's behavior due to the real or imagined influe…
The influence of other people that leads us to conform becaus…
Conforming to other people's behavior out of genuine belief t…
Conforming to other people's behavior publicly without necess…
Conformity
A change in one's behavior due to the real or imagined influe…
Informational Social Influence
The influence of other people that leads us to conform becaus…
22 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 8
Group
Group Cohesiveness
Social Facilitation
Mere Presence
A set of individuals who interact over time and have shared f…
The extent to which forces push group members closer together…
Process whereby the presence of others enhances performance o…
The proposition that the mere presence of others is sufficien…
Group
A set of individuals who interact over time and have shared f…
Group Cohesiveness
The extent to which forces push group members closer together…
15 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 8
Group
Co- actors
Social facilitation
Evaluation apprehension
Two or more people who, for longer than a few moments, intera…
Co participants working individual on a noncompetitve activity.
1) original meaning: the tendency of people to perform simple…
concerns for how others are evaluating us.
Group
Two or more people who, for longer than a few moments, intera…
Co- actors
Co participants working individual on a noncompetitve activity.
29 terms
Lifespan Development Psychology Chapter 8
Intelligence
Intelligence Quotient (IQ)
Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale
Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Childr…
the capacity to understand the world, think with rationality,…
A score that takes into account a student's mental and chrono…
A test that consists of a series of items that vary according…
A test for children that provides separate measures of verbal…
Intelligence
the capacity to understand the world, think with rationality,…
Intelligence Quotient (IQ)
A score that takes into account a student's mental and chrono…
Psychology Chapter 8 Child Development
Accommodation
Assimilation
Attachment
Authoritarian Parents
mental process of modifying existing schemes and creating new…
the mental process by which new objects, events, experiences,…
The early, close relationship formed between infant and careg…
parents who make arbitrary rules, expect unquestioned obedien…
Accommodation
mental process of modifying existing schemes and creating new…
Assimilation
the mental process by which new objects, events, experiences,…
32 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 8
Passion
Intimacy
Decision/Commitment
Factor Analysis
Factor on love scales composed of items tapping romantic attr…
Factor on love scales composed of items tapping feelings of c…
Factor on love scales composed of items tapping decision that…
A statistical technique for sorting test items or behaviors i…
Passion
Factor on love scales composed of items tapping romantic attr…
Intimacy
Factor on love scales composed of items tapping feelings of c…
7 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 8
social facilitation
evaluation apprehension
social loafing
de-indiviualization
people perform well known tasks when others are present. Stre…
concerned how other people are evaluating us
tendency for people to exert less effort when they pool their…
loss of self awareness and apprehension occurs in group situa…
social facilitation
people perform well known tasks when others are present. Stre…
evaluation apprehension
concerned how other people are evaluating us
41 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 8
Normative Influence
Autokinetic Effect
Gorup Norms
Informational influence
Going along with the crowd in order to be liked and accepted
Illusion caused by very slight movement of the eye, that a st…
The beliefs or behaviors that a group of peope accepts as nor…
Going along with the crowd because you think the crowd knows…
Normative Influence
Going along with the crowd in order to be liked and accepted
Autokinetic Effect
Illusion caused by very slight movement of the eye, that a st…
Social Psychology Chapter 8
Conformity
Informational social influence
private acceptance
Public compliance
A change in one's behavior due to the real or imagined influe…
The influence of other people that leads us to conform becaus…
conforming to other people's behavior out of a genuine belief…
conforming to other people's behavior publicly without necess…
Conformity
A change in one's behavior due to the real or imagined influe…
Informational social influence
The influence of other people that leads us to conform becaus…
Social Psychology Chapter 8
Utilitarian Function
Value-expressive function
Reference groups
Knowledge functions
One of the functions of the attitudes. It serves to alert peo…
Another function of the attitude.... Attitudes help people expre…
Groups whose opinion matter to a person and that affect the p…
Another function of the attitude.... Attitudes help to organize…
Utilitarian Function
One of the functions of the attitudes. It serves to alert peo…
Value-expressive function
Another function of the attitude.... Attitudes help people expre…
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