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Study sets matching "psychology test chapter 12"

27 terms
Psychology - Chapter 12 Abnormal Psychology
mental illness
behaviorist
Freudian psycho-dynamic
humanist
a disorder that affects a person's thoughts, emotions, and be…
B.F. Skinner... Albert Bandura... Behavior is personality; determin…
abnormal behavior explained by unconscious psychic conflicts
Maslow... explain that mental illness developed by circumstances…
mental illness
a disorder that affects a person's thoughts, emotions, and be…
behaviorist
B.F. Skinner... Albert Bandura... Behavior is personality; determin…
52 terms
Psychology Chapter 12: Personality
personaility
nature
Psychoanalytic
Humanistic
Internally based characteristic way of thinking and acting ... T…
Where does personality come from?... Hippo campus a bodily fluid…
________Perspective... ▫ Exploring the Unconscious... ▫ The develop…
________Perspective... Abraham Maslow's Self-Actualizing Person…
personaility
Internally based characteristic way of thinking and acting ... T…
nature
Where does personality come from?... Hippo campus a bodily fluid…
36 terms
Psychology Chapter 12
personality
unconscious
free association
psychoanalysis
An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
According to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable though…
In psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and ac…
personality
An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling,…
unconscious
According to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable though…
40 terms
Chapter 12 (Abnormal Psychology)
Psychopathology
4 Characteristics of Abnormality
Statistical Rarity
Violation of Norms (Social Nonconformi…
The scientific study of abnormal or maladaptive behaviors, an…
1. Statistical Rarity... 2. Violation of Norms (Social Nonconfor…
Behavior that does not occur frequently in a population.... -The…
Violation of the written or unwritten rules of society (Norms…
Psychopathology
The scientific study of abnormal or maladaptive behaviors, an…
4 Characteristics of Abnormality
1. Statistical Rarity... 2. Violation of Norms (Social Nonconfor…
10 terms
Psychology Chapter 12
Alzheimer's Disease
Empty-nest Syndrome
Mortality
Eulogy
progressive form of mental deterioration
feelings of emptiness after children have left home
inevitable death
speech praising person who has just died
Alzheimer's Disease
progressive form of mental deterioration
Empty-nest Syndrome
feelings of emptiness after children have left home
46 terms
Psychology: Chapter 12 Terms
social psychology
attribution theory
fundamental attribution error
attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing others' behavior,…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
social psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
attribution theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
54 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 12
sublimation
social cognitive theory
superego
structured interview
taboo impulses may even be channeled socially desirable behav…
combine behavioral and cognitive perspectives
moral arm of the personality
contains a set of specific questions that are administered to…
sublimation
taboo impulses may even be channeled socially desirable behav…
social cognitive theory
combine behavioral and cognitive perspectives
76 terms
Psychology chapter 12: Social psychology
social psychology
people to know in this chapter
social influence
conformity
scientific study of how a person's thoughts, feelings and beh…
Asch (line study on conformity)... Milgram (obedience test with…
the way that the presence of other people directly or indirec…
changing one's own behavior to match that of other people (no…
social psychology
scientific study of how a person's thoughts, feelings and beh…
people to know in this chapter
Asch (line study on conformity)... Milgram (obedience test with…
34 terms
Cognitive Psychology chapter 12
Problem solving
Initial state
Operators
Path constraints
a process in which you begin with a goal and seek some steps…
the state you are in at the start of your efforts toward solv…
in problem solving, a tool or action one can use to move from…
a limit that rules out some operation in problem solving. pat…
Problem solving
a process in which you begin with a goal and seek some steps…
Initial state
the state you are in at the start of your efforts toward solv…
40 terms
Psychology - Chapter 12
A psychotic disorder characterized by…
A condition in which the senses, thoug…
The excessive and sometimes bizarre sy…
The deficiencies strong people with sc…
What is schizophrenia?
What is stupor?
What are positive symptoms?
What are negative symptoms?
A psychotic disorder characterized by…
What is schizophrenia?
A condition in which the senses, thoug…
What is stupor?
19 terms
Beach Psychology Chapter 12
Motivation
Instincts
Need
Drive
An internal state that activates behavior and directs it towa…
Innate tendencies that determine behavior.
Biological or psychological requirement of an organism.
A state of tension produced by a need that motivates an organ…
Motivation
An internal state that activates behavior and directs it towa…
Instincts
Innate tendencies that determine behavior.
34 terms
Chapter 12 Psychology Terms
emotion
james lange theory
cannon bard theory
two factor theory
a response of the whole organism, involving 1. physiological…
the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of…
the theory that an emotion arousing stimulus simultaneously t…
the Schachter Singer theory that to experience emotion one mu…
emotion
a response of the whole organism, involving 1. physiological…
james lange theory
the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of…
51 terms
Psychology Chapter 12
emotion
James-Lange Theory
Cannon-Bard Theory
describe how arousal and expressive be…
...
...
...
...
emotion
...
James-Lange Theory
...
49 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 12 Vocabulary
Psychopathology
Hallucinations
Delusions
Affect
Any pattern of emotions, behaviors, or thoughts inappropriate…
False sensory experiences, such as seeing something in the ab…
False beliefs about external reality without an appropriate s…
Appearance of observable emotions
Psychopathology
Any pattern of emotions, behaviors, or thoughts inappropriate…
Hallucinations
False sensory experiences, such as seeing something in the ab…
53 terms
Chapter 12 - Social Psychology
Social psychology
Social influence
Conformity
Groupthink
The field of psychology that looks at behavior and mental pro…
The process of other people directly or indirectly influencin…
Changing one's own behavior to more closely match the actions…
A phenomenon that occurs when people within a group feel it i…
Social psychology
The field of psychology that looks at behavior and mental pro…
Social influence
The process of other people directly or indirectly influencin…
26 terms
Chapter 12 Psychology
Personality
Factor Analysis
Five Factor Model
Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory
Refers to an individual's unique set of consistent behavioral…
Correlations among many variables are analyzed to identify cl…
Robert McCrae and Paul Costa ... -Extraversion ... -Neuroticism ... -O…
This theory attempts to explain personality, motivation, and…
Personality
Refers to an individual's unique set of consistent behavioral…
Factor Analysis
Correlations among many variables are analyzed to identify cl…
37 terms
psychology chapter 12 vocabulary
social psychology
fundamental attribution error
attitude
foot-in-the-door phenomenon
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the tendency, when analyzing others' behavior, to overestimat…
feelings, often based on our beliefs, that predispose us to r…
the tendency for people who have first agreed to a small requ…
social psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
fundamental attribution error
the tendency, when analyzing others' behavior, to overestimat…
9 terms
Psychology: Chapter 12 Vocabulary
Stress
Pressure
Frustration
Approach/approach conflict
A state of psychological tension or strain.
A feeling that one must speed up, intensify, or change the di…
The feeling that occurs when a person is prevented from reach…
According to Lewin, the result of simultaneous attraction to…
Stress
A state of psychological tension or strain.
Pressure
A feeling that one must speed up, intensify, or change the di…
12 terms
Psychology and You: Chapter 12
empty-nest period
menopause
gerontology
senile dementia
the time of life when one's children have grown and moved awa…
the "change of life" period for women, when menstruation and…
the branch of psychology that studies the aging process and t…
loss of mental faculties in old age
empty-nest period
the time of life when one's children have grown and moved awa…
menopause
the "change of life" period for women, when menstruation and…
30 terms
Psychology Chapter 12
emotion
James-Lange Theory
Cannon-Bard Theory
Two-Factor Theory
A response of the whole organism, involving (1) physiological…
The theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of…
The theory that an emotion-arousing stimulus simultaneously t…
The Schachter-Singer theory that to experience emotion one mu…
emotion
A response of the whole organism, involving (1) physiological…
James-Lange Theory
The theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of…
93 terms
Psychology Chapter 12
Motivation
Many Decades & Motivation
Modern Psychology & Motivation
Intrinsic Motivation
an inferred process within a person or animal that causes mov…
the study of motivation was dominated by a focus on biologica…
people are still motivated by certain drives, especially hung…
The pursuit of an activity for its own sake
Motivation
an inferred process within a person or animal that causes mov…
Many Decades & Motivation
the study of motivation was dominated by a focus on biologica…
24 terms
Psychology: Chapter 12 Vocabulary
Pleasure principle
Reality principle
Ego ideal
Indentification
According to Freud, the way in which the id seeks immediate g…
According to Freud, the way in which the ego seeks to satisfy…
The part of the superego that consists of standards of what o…
Taking on the characteristics of someone else to avoid feelin…
Pleasure principle
According to Freud, the way in which the id seeks immediate g…
Reality principle
According to Freud, the way in which the ego seeks to satisfy…
31 terms
Chapter 12 - Exploring Psychology
Personality
Oral (psychosexual stage)
Anal (psychosexual stage)
Phallic (psychosexual stage)
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling a…
psychosexual stage from 0 to 18 months that focuses on the mo…
psychosexual stage from 18 to 36 months that focuses on bowel…
psychosexual stage from 3 to 6 years that focuses on genitals…
Personality
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling a…
Oral (psychosexual stage)
psychosexual stage from 0 to 18 months that focuses on the mo…
13 terms
Understanding Psychology Chapter 12 Vocab
Motivation
Instincts
Need
Drive
an internal state that activates behavior and directs it towa…
innate tendencies that determine behavior.
biological or psychological requirement of an organism.
a state of tension produced by a need that motivates and orga…
Motivation
an internal state that activates behavior and directs it towa…
Instincts
innate tendencies that determine behavior.
54 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 12
sublimation
social cognitive theory
superego
structured interview
taboo impulses may even be channeled socially desirable behav…
combine behavioral and cognitive perspectives
moral arm of the personality
contains a set of specific questions that are administered to…
sublimation
taboo impulses may even be channeled socially desirable behav…
social cognitive theory
combine behavioral and cognitive perspectives
31 terms
Psychology chapter 12 vocab
Subjunctive
Psyche
What did Freud used to be before he be…
Id
What you think about YOURSELF
Old greek word for "soul" the true inner you
Nuerologists
Wanting,impulsive part. ... -Selfish... -innate (born w/)... -Pleasure…
Subjunctive
What you think about YOURSELF
Psyche
Old greek word for "soul" the true inner you
42 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 12: Psychological Disorders
psychopathology
hallucination
delusion
affective disturbances
Any patterns of emotions, behaviors or thoughts inappropriate…
A false sensory experience that may suggest mental disorder,…
An extreme disorder of thinking, involving persistent false b…
Disorders of emotion or mood.
psychopathology
Any patterns of emotions, behaviors or thoughts inappropriate…
hallucination
A false sensory experience that may suggest mental disorder,…
43 terms
Chapter 12 Social Psychology
Which statement about aggression is tr…
Evaluating other people positively or…
A government that imposes harsh penalt…
Which "message card" would be most eff…
Male aggressiveness is related to both socialization and the…
prejudice
hedonic
"seventy-five percent of our guests use their towels more tha…
Which statement about aggression is tr…
Male aggressiveness is related to both socialization and the…
Evaluating other people positively or…
prejudice
29 terms
Psychology Chapter 12
Emotion
James-Lange Theory
Cannon-Bard Theory
Two-Factor Theory
A response of the whole organism, involving (1) physiological…
The theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of…
The theory that an emotion-arousing stimulus simultaneously t…
The Schachter-Singer theory that to experience emotion one mu…
Emotion
A response of the whole organism, involving (1) physiological…
James-Lange Theory
The theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of…
29 terms
Intro Psychology Chapter 12: Adulthood
Patriarchy
Marriage
Divorce
Middle Adulthood
A social system in which the father is the head of the family…
a legally recognized and/or socially approved arrangement bet…
the legal dissolution of a marriage
period of development from 40 to 65 years of age
Patriarchy
A social system in which the father is the head of the family…
Marriage
a legally recognized and/or socially approved arrangement bet…
30 terms
Educational Psychology Chapter 12
intellectual disabilities
Intelligence quotient (IQ)
Learning disabilities (LD)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disord…
disorders, usually present at birth, that result in below-ave…
An intelligence test score that should be near 100 for people…
Disorders that impede academic progress of people who are not…
A disorder characterized by difficulties maintaining attentio…
intellectual disabilities
disorders, usually present at birth, that result in below-ave…
Intelligence quotient (IQ)
An intelligence test score that should be near 100 for people…
65 terms
Social Psychology(chapter 12)
Social psychology
social brain hypothesis
ingroups
outgroups
- concerned with how people influence other people's ... thought…
primates have large brains—in particular, large prefrontal co…
Groups we belong to
groups we don't belong to
Social psychology
- concerned with how people influence other people's ... thought…
social brain hypothesis
primates have large brains—in particular, large prefrontal co…
50 terms
Chapter 12: Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Influence
Examines the influence of social processes on the way people…
Attitudes towards ideas and people... Is an example of?
Stereotypes about nations and people... Is an example of?
Social ____________ is critical for survival
Social Psychology
Examines the influence of social processes on the way people…
Social Psychology
Attitudes towards ideas and people... Is an example of?
83 terms
Psychology Chapter 12: Personality
Personality
Oral (psychosexual stage)
Anal (psychosexual stage)
Phallic (psychosexual stage)
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling a…
psychosexual stage from 0 to 18 months that focuses on the mo…
psychosexual stage from 18 to 36 months that focuses on bowel…
psychosexual stage from 3 to 6 years that focuses on genitals…
Personality
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling a…
Oral (psychosexual stage)
psychosexual stage from 0 to 18 months that focuses on the mo…
29 terms
Psych Chapter 12 (Psychological Disorders)
acrophobia
Agoraphobia
antisocial personality disorder
Anxiety disorders
fear of high places
fear of open, crowded places
the diagnosis given a person who is in frequent conflict with…
disorders characterized by excessive worrying, fear of losing…
acrophobia
fear of high places
Agoraphobia
fear of open, crowded places
21 terms
Chapter 12 - Abnormal Psychology
Psychological Disorder
Medical Model
DSM 5
Anxiety Disorders
Deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts,…
The concept that diseases have physical causes that can be di…
A classification system that describes the features used to d…
Psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persist…
Psychological Disorder
Deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts,…
Medical Model
The concept that diseases have physical causes that can be di…
53 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 12 Bernstein
Developmental Psychology
Maturation
Zygote
Embryo
The psychological specialty that documents the course of soci…
Natural growth of change that unfolds in a fixed sequence rel…
A new cell, formed from a father's sperm and a mother's ovum
The developing individual from the 14th day after fertilizati…
Developmental Psychology
The psychological specialty that documents the course of soci…
Maturation
Natural growth of change that unfolds in a fixed sequence rel…
18 terms
Psychology Chapter 12
Stress
Traumatic event
The Alarm Reaction
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
the tension, discomfort, or physical symptoms that arise when…
a stressor that is so severe it can produce long-term psychol…
excitation of the autonomic nervous system, discharge of the…
an anxiety disorder that may develop after exposure to a terr…
Stress
the tension, discomfort, or physical symptoms that arise when…
Traumatic event
a stressor that is so severe it can produce long-term psychol…
33 terms
Chapter 12 Psychology
Emotion
Two-Factor Theory
Schacter and Singer (1962)
10 basic emotions
*Physiological arousal... *Expressive behaviors... *Consciously exp…
Emotions have two factors-physical arousal and cognitive labe…
Euphoria and anger were greater in those that were misinforme…
joy, interest-excitement, surprise, sadness, anger, disgust,…
Emotion
*Physiological arousal... *Expressive behaviors... *Consciously exp…
Two-Factor Theory
Emotions have two factors-physical arousal and cognitive labe…
40 terms
AP Psychology Zimbardo Chapter 12
psychopathology (12.01)
hallucinations (12.02)
Delusions (12.03)
Affect (12.04)
Any pattern of emotions, behaviors, or thoughts inappropriate…
False sensory experiences that may suggest mental disorder.
Extreme disorders of thinking, involving persistent false bel…
A term referring to emotion or mood.
psychopathology (12.01)
Any pattern of emotions, behaviors, or thoughts inappropriate…
hallucinations (12.02)
False sensory experiences that may suggest mental disorder.
18 terms
Cognitive psychology chapter 12
1. What is problem solving?
What type of unconventional methods do…
insight
What group of psychologists claimed th…
searching for solutions to achieve a goal when the solution f…
-use verbal protocol method... -study is mostly on simple proble…
a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a pro…
Gestalt Psychology and insight ... -problems are solved via insi…
1. What is problem solving?
searching for solutions to achieve a goal when the solution f…
What type of unconventional methods do…
-use verbal protocol method... -study is mostly on simple proble…
59 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 12
Schizophrenia
Psychosis
Downward drift theory
What are three groups of symptoms of s…
A psychotic disorder in which personal social and occupationa…
A psychological disorder in which a person loses contact with…
Some theorists believe that schizophrenia causes victims from…
1. Positive symptoms: excesses of thought, emotions and behav…
Schizophrenia
A psychotic disorder in which personal social and occupationa…
Psychosis
A psychological disorder in which a person loses contact with…
psychology chapter 12 vocab
personality
unconscious mind
id
ego
the combination of characteristics or qualities that form an…
a reservoir of feelings
the set of uncoordinated instinctual trends; the super-ego pl…
a person's sense of self-esteem or self-importance.
personality
the combination of characteristics or qualities that form an…
unconscious mind
a reservoir of feelings
21 terms
Chapter 12 Psychology
what is abnormal?
situational context
Psychological Disorder
Biological model
Situational Context and Psychological Disorder
the social or environmental setting of a person's behavior
any pattern of behavior that causes people significant distre…
psychological disorders have biological or medical causes
what is abnormal?
Situational Context and Psychological Disorder
situational context
the social or environmental setting of a person's behavior
26 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 12 Motivation
motivation
instinct
drive-reduction theory
homeostasis
need/desire that energizes/directs behavior
complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a speci…
idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension sta…
tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; r…
motivation
need/desire that energizes/directs behavior
instinct
complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a speci…
14 terms
Understanding Psychology Chapter 12
Motivation
Instincts
Need
Drive
an internal state that activates behavior and directs it towa…
innate tendencies that determine behavior.
biological or psychological requirement of an organism.
a state of tension produced by a need that motivates and orga…
Motivation
an internal state that activates behavior and directs it towa…
Instincts
innate tendencies that determine behavior.
29 terms
Chapter 12: Social Psychology
Asch effect
ageism
altruism
attribution
group majority influences an individual's judgment, even when…
prejudice and discrimination toward individuals based solely…
humans' desire to help others even if the costs outweigh the…
explanation for the behavior of other people
Asch effect
group majority influences an individual's judgment, even when…
ageism
prejudice and discrimination toward individuals based solely…
65 terms
Psychology Chapter 12
Personality
Temperament
Psychoanalytic theory
Behavioral theory
unique core set of characteristics that influence the way one…
characteristic differences in behavioral patterns and emotion…
personality develops early in life; we are greatly influenced…
personality is shaped by interactions with the environment, s…
Personality
unique core set of characteristics that influence the way one…
Temperament
characteristic differences in behavioral patterns and emotion…
19 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 12
motivation
instinct
incentive
hierarchy of needs
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates…
Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with p…
motivation
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
instinct
a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
23 terms
Psychology chapter 12
an internal state that activates behav…
food, water, shelter
love, self-esteem
people are motivated by innate tendenc…
motivation
physiological factors
psychological factors
instinct theory
an internal state that activates behav…
motivation
food, water, shelter
physiological factors
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