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Study sets matching "psychology"

56 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Unit 7 - Cognition
Memory
Flashbulb Memory
Encoding
Storage
The persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
A clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event.
The process of putting information to the memory system.
The retention of encoded information over time.
Memory
The persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
Flashbulb Memory
A clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event.
92 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Intro to comm final
audience analysis
ethos
fallacies
immediacy
The focused, systematic (rather than haphazard) gathering of…
Characteristics of a speaker encompassing his or her knowledg…
Involve incorrect or inappropriate logic, resulting in a conc…
A communicator's perception of physical or psychological clos…
audience analysis
The focused, systematic (rather than haphazard) gathering of…
ethos
Characteristics of a speaker encompassing his or her knowledg…
31 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Unit 8 vocab
Motivation
Instinct
Drive-reduction Theory
Homeostasis
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
A complex, unlearned behavior that is rigidly patterned throu…
The idea that physiological need creates an aroused tension s…
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
Motivation
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
Instinct
A complex, unlearned behavior that is rigidly patterned throu…
50 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Global Health 3 People
Emily Martin
Kirmayer
Arthur Kleinman
Andrew Lakoff
-Cultural valorization of mania... -Wall Street
-It's not fair of us to step into other cultures and diagnose…
-Cross cultural psychiatry
-Talk-oriented psychology in Argentina... -Argentina becomes wes…
Emily Martin
-Cultural valorization of mania... -Wall Street
Kirmayer
-It's not fair of us to step into other cultures and diagnose…
15 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Modules 37-39
Motivation
Instinct
Drive-reduction Theory
Homeostasis
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
A complex, unlearned behavior that is rigidly patterned throu…
The idea that physiological need creates an aroused tension s…
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
Motivation
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
Instinct
A complex, unlearned behavior that is rigidly patterned throu…
11 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Vocab HUGE
folk culture
Acculturation
Assimilation
Popular culture
the unifying expressive components of everyday life as enacte…
cultural modification of an individual, group, or people by a…
The process by which a person or persons acquire the social a…
cultural activities or commercial products reflecting, suited…
folk culture
the unifying expressive components of everyday life as enacte…
Acculturation
cultural modification of an individual, group, or people by a…
90 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Psy 101 chapters 9-13
cannot remember where I was when I fir…
Tom was unable to remember the name of…
Devlin wasn't aware that he had been h…
Which of the following is an example o…
unconscious level
unconscious level.... [NOTE: if you don't know why I chose this…
preconscious level.... [NOTE: if you don't know why I chose thi…
Carol was talking to Mike but started to listen to Dilip when…
cannot remember where I was when I fir…
unconscious level
Tom was unable to remember the name of…
unconscious level.... [NOTE: if you don't know why I chose this…
118 termscreated on December 8, 2016
TMP 134
Social Proof
Scarcity
Consistency
Reciprocity
What others are doing... - Claques, laugh tracks ... - men staring…
Want what you can't have... - Provide customers unique and rare…
Act accordingly to committments
Give something and the person feels in debt to you and will r…
Social Proof
What others are doing... - Claques, laugh tracks ... - men staring…
Scarcity
Want what you can't have... - Provide customers unique and rare…
503 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Psyc 104 Final everything
Social Psychology
Sociology
Scientific Method
Social Cognition
The scientific study of the way in which people's thoughts, f…
the study of the development, structure, and functioning of h…
What social psychologists use to study human behaviors and in…
How people think about themselves and the social world. ... How…
Social Psychology
The scientific study of the way in which people's thoughts, f…
Sociology
the study of the development, structure, and functioning of h…
22 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Final Exam Set Ch 13
Personality
Free Association
Unconscious
Id
a person's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and a…
in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
according to freud, a reservoir of mostly unaccessable though…
a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to…
Personality
a person's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and a…
Free Association
in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
10 termscreated on December 8, 2016
chapter 7 part 2
long term potentiation
associative long term potentiation tha…
operant conditioning
shaping behavior
strengthened connections between neurons due to repeated use…
A long term potentiation where concurrent stimulation of stro…
A type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follo…
The process of guiding learning in graduated steps, using rei…
long term potentiation
strengthened connections between neurons due to repeated use…
associative long term potentiation tha…
A long term potentiation where concurrent stimulation of stro…
22 termscreated on December 8, 2016
PSY 101 chapters 1-8 quiz questions
John hopes that he and his ex-girlfrie…
For almost 30 years, geneticists misco…
Which of the following would be an exa…
Ted always watches a certain cable-new…
the confirmation bias
chimpanzees, our closest relatives, have 48 chromosomes and,…
Tara believed that her boyfriend was cheating on her but was…
Decide that, if almost 100% of her viewers agree with her opi…
John hopes that he and his ex-girlfrie…
the confirmation bias
For almost 30 years, geneticists misco…
chimpanzees, our closest relatives, have 48 chromosomes and,…
14 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Levels of Consciousness
Preconscious Level
Subconscious Level
Unconscious Level
Conscious Processing
can be called to consciousness - like memories
anything we can be primed for
repress thing we don't want to think about
sequential, relatively slow processing with limited capacity
Preconscious Level
can be called to consciousness - like memories
Subconscious Level
anything we can be primed for
12 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 7B: Cognition (Myers Psychology for AP)Part Two
framing
language
phoneme
morpheme
The way an issue is posed; how an issue is framed can signifi…
Our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine…
In language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.
In a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be…
framing
The way an issue is posed; how an issue is framed can signifi…
language
Our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine…
6 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 12: Drugs and Alcohol
Drug Abuse
Drug Addiction
Alcohol
Tobacco / Nicotine
The use of any drug or medication for a reason other than whi…
Physical and or psychological dependence on a drug or medicat…
Most abused drug in the US
World's most drug problem... Kills more people than all other dr…
Drug Abuse
The use of any drug or medication for a reason other than whi…
Drug Addiction
Physical and or psychological dependence on a drug or medicat…
13 termscreated on December 8, 2016
American Government Power and Purpose Ch.12
Political party
Nomination
Closed primary
Open primary
"An organized group that attempts to influence government by…
"The process by which political parties select their candidat…
"A primary election in which voters can participate in the no…
"A primary election in which voters can choose on the day of…
Political party
"An organized group that attempts to influence government by…
Nomination
"The process by which political parties select their candidat…
16 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 4- Consciousness (final)
stage 1
stage 2
stage 3
stage 4
-lightest sleep... -"hypnogogic" state... -theta waves occur
-somewhat more deeply asleep (mid-sleep)... -sleep spindles occu…
-deep sleep... -delta waves 20%... -heart and breathing slow and re…
-deepest sleep... -delta eaves reach nearly 100%... -blood pressure…
stage 1
-lightest sleep... -"hypnogogic" state... -theta waves occur
stage 2
-somewhat more deeply asleep (mid-sleep)... -sleep spindles occu…
63 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Unit 4 vocabulary
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up processing
Top-down processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing aninterpreting sensory information.…
Analysis that begins with sensory receptors and works up to t…
Information processing guided by higher level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing aninterpreting sensory information.…
452 termscreated on December 8, 2016
AP Psychology ALL Terms
psychology
nature-nurture issue
natural selection
neuroscience
the science of behavior and mental processes
the long-standing controversy over the relative contributions…
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variat…
the perspective of psychological science that deals with how…
psychology
the science of behavior and mental processes
nature-nurture issue
the long-standing controversy over the relative contributions…
16 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 7B: Cognition (Myers Psychology for AP)
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
A mental image or best example of a category.
A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
concept
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
20 termscreated on December 8, 2016
AP English Vocab Chapter 6
abortive
bruit
contumelious
dictum
failing to accomplish an intended aim or purpose, only partia…
to spread news, reports, or unsubstantiated rumors
insolent or rude in speech or behavior; insultingly abusive;…
a short saying; an authoritative statement
abortive
failing to accomplish an intended aim or purpose, only partia…
bruit
to spread news, reports, or unsubstantiated rumors
14 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Psychology Ch 14- Social Psychology
scientific study of how we think about…
social psychology include
tendency to give a casual explanation…
tendency for observers, when analyzing…
social psychology
social thinking... social influence... social relations
attribution theory
fundamental attribution error
scientific study of how we think about…
social psychology
social psychology include
social thinking... social influence... social relations
14 termscreated on December 8, 2016
DSM
1
2
3
4
substance taken in larger amounts or in over longer period of…
desire or unsuccessful attempt to stop or cut down, may repor…
Great deal of time spent obtaining, using, or recovering from…
craving manifested by intense urge or desire
1
substance taken in larger amounts or in over longer period of…
2
desire or unsuccessful attempt to stop or cut down, may repor…
16 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 12 Social Behavior (Part 3)
What is a group?
Is a classroom a group or collection?
Are people waiting at a bus stop a gro…
Most groups have...
two or more individuals who interact and are interdependent
group
collection
roles... norms... communication structures... power structures
What is a group?
two or more individuals who interact and are interdependent
Is a classroom a group or collection?
group
13 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Psychology:Exam 5:Chapter 11
quantitative
qualitative
cognitive
psychosocial
sense that there is more or less of something (spoken words)
sense that the essence of something has changed (ability to t…
thinking
relationships and their effects
quantitative
sense that there is more or less of something (spoken words)
qualitative
sense that the essence of something has changed (ability to t…
35 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Unit 2: Intro to Ethics
Moral principle
Ethics
What distinguishes moral standards fro…
nonmoral standards
a standard that confirms a moral judgement(base of decision
broad field of study that addresses a fundamental question: h…
concern behavior that is a serious consequence to human welfa…
etiquette, please and thank you, refraining from sexual langu…
Moral principle
a standard that confirms a moral judgement(base of decision
Ethics
broad field of study that addresses a fundamental question: h…
20 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 11 Review
A behavior pattern that is unlearned,…
In the _____ theory of motivation a la…
Which of the following is explained by…
Low levels of arousal lead to _____ an…
impossible
drive-reduction theory
Jeffrey keeps running in the marathon even though every muscl…
reduced behavior efficiency; reduced behavior efficiency
A behavior pattern that is unlearned,…
impossible
In the _____ theory of motivation a la…
drive-reduction theory
15 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Vocab test 3 AP Psychology
Gesalt
Figure-ground
Grouping
Depth perception
An organized whole. Gesalt psychologist emphasized our tenden…
The organization of the visual field into objects that stand…
The perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into coherent gro…
The ability to see objects in three dimensions although the i…
Gesalt
An organized whole. Gesalt psychologist emphasized our tenden…
Figure-ground
The organization of the visual field into objects that stand…
5 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Descriptive Factorial Terms
Simple effects
Cross-over lines
Non-parallel lines
Cross-over lines 2
allow to describe the INTERACTION effect between to IVs as th…
rule where we will miss interaction patterns.
rule where we will consistently identify interactions
the most common interaction patterns in behavioral sciences w…
Simple effects
allow to describe the INTERACTION effect between to IVs as th…
Cross-over lines
rule where we will miss interaction patterns.
7 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Quasi experiments
Quasi experiments
Independent variable
Pretest posttest designs
Challenges in pre post designs
look like experiments because the goal is still to compare sc…
-sometimes the IV is something you can't manipulate ... -sometim…
-you can sometimes show order ... -your levels of the IV are bef…
-history effects... -maturation effects... -regression to the mean
Quasi experiments
look like experiments because the goal is still to compare sc…
Independent variable
-sometimes the IV is something you can't manipulate ... -sometim…
31 termscreated on December 8, 2016
PSYCH - FINAL EXAM CHAPTER 1
psychology
behavior
mental processes
critical thinking
the study of behavior and mental processes
actions that can be directly observed
thoughts, feelings, emotions that cannot be directly observed
process of thinking deeply and actively, asking questions, an…
psychology
the study of behavior and mental processes
behavior
actions that can be directly observed
10 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 8- Learning (final)
classical conditioning
unconditioned stimulus
unconditioned response
conditioned stimulus
a form of learning in which a previously neutral stimulus (CS…
stimulus that can elicit an unlearned response (an instinctua…
an unlearned reaction to the unconditioned stimulus (an insti…
stimulus that elicits a response as a result of being paired…
classical conditioning
a form of learning in which a previously neutral stimulus (CS…
unconditioned stimulus
stimulus that can elicit an unlearned response (an instinctua…
26 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Health Disorders Test
Antisocial, passive-agressive, and sch…
Organic disorder
OCD
Hypochondria
What are the 3 personality disorders?
This mental disorder is caused by physical illness such as a…
Trapped in a pattern of repeated behaviors and thoughts
What is a type of somotaform?
Antisocial, passive-agressive, and sch…
What are the 3 personality disorders?
Organic disorder
This mental disorder is caused by physical illness such as a…
40 termscreated on December 8, 2016
CLIC2303 - Chapter 31: Clinical Toxicology
amphetamine
analgesics
anticholinergic agent
barbiturate
a sympathomimetic amine that has a stimulating effect on the…
agents that relieve pain without causing loss of consciousness
an agent that opposes the effects of impulses conveyed by adr…
any of a class of sedative-hypnotic agents derived from barbi…
amphetamine
a sympathomimetic amine that has a stimulating effect on the…
analgesics
agents that relieve pain without causing loss of consciousness
15 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Quiz 1
A child gets a severe blow to the head…
Basic survival functions such as heart…
Damage to the ________ might cause pro…
The basic building blocks of the nervo…
occipital
medulla
cerebellum
neurons
A child gets a severe blow to the head…
occipital
Basic survival functions such as heart…
medulla
6 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Psychological Treatmeants
Psychotherapy
Psychodynamic Therapy
Behavior Therapy
Cognitive Therapy
Treatment where a therapist helps one understand problems and…
Unconscious conflicts to rise maladaptive thoughts and behavi…
Maladaptive behavior is learned, and can be unlearned. Chang…
Teach client how to restrict maladaptive cognitions.
Psychotherapy
Treatment where a therapist helps one understand problems and…
Psychodynamic Therapy
Unconscious conflicts to rise maladaptive thoughts and behavi…
64 terms
created on December 8, 2016
Lecture 6 + 7 + 8 (Psyc3402)
Ponzi scheme
Economically motivated crime
Illegal business activities
Property crime
Fraud that uses money from new investors to pay off older ones
Crime motivated by financial gain. Commonly includes two type…
A type of economically motivated crime that includes White-co…
A type of economically motivated crime that includes theft (w…
Ponzi scheme
Fraud that uses money from new investors to pay off older ones
Economically motivated crime
Crime motivated by financial gain. Commonly includes two type…
10 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Positive Psychology
Deliberate Practice
Ten Year Rule
Passion
Generativity
Practice that is focused, planned, concentrated, and effortfu…
States that it takes at least a decade of dedicated, consiste…
An intense interest in and personal commitment to an activity…
The responsibility for each generation of adults to bear, nur…
Deliberate Practice
Practice that is focused, planned, concentrated, and effortfu…
Ten Year Rule
States that it takes at least a decade of dedicated, consiste…
35 termscreated on December 8, 2016
kin 115 stress and coping
stress response
stress
stressors
core relations theme
consists of physiological, cognitive, affective, and behaviou…
experience that occurs when a situation is perceived as excee…
events, forces, or situations interpreted as stressful
relationships between athlete and environment
stress response
consists of physiological, cognitive, affective, and behaviou…
stress
experience that occurs when a situation is perceived as excee…
19 termscreated on December 8, 2016
chapter 7 part 1
classical conditioning
operant conditioning
cognitive learning
association
learned behavior that expects/prepares for significant events…
when we repeat acts that bring us rewards/avoid acts that bri…
when we learn new behaviors by observing events and by watchi…
when your mind connects event that occur in sequence (fresh w…
classical conditioning
learned behavior that expects/prepares for significant events…
operant conditioning
when we repeat acts that bring us rewards/avoid acts that bri…
15 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Psychology Final Ch 8, 9, 10
2 types of long term memory
Implicit (non-declarative)
Explicit (declarative)
Forgetting: Proactive interference
implicit, explicit
skills & habits
factual
Old info messes with new info
2 types of long term memory
implicit, explicit
Implicit (non-declarative)
skills & habits
5 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 13
Problem Space
Brute Force
Heuristic
Hill Climbing Strategy
The set of all states that can be reached in solving a problem
Trying every possibility until you find a solution
A strategy that narrows your search through the problem space…
At each point you choose the path that moves you closer to yo…
Problem Space
The set of all states that can be reached in solving a problem
Brute Force
Trying every possibility until you find a solution
11 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Disorders vocabulary
Typicality
Maladaptive
Emotional discomfort
Panic attack
a symptom of psychological disorders in which the behavior im…
a belief that is false and rationally unsupported.
Being affected in a negative way by yours or someone else's e…
Sudden episode of intense fear or anxiety and physical sympto…
Typicality
a symptom of psychological disorders in which the behavior im…
Maladaptive
a belief that is false and rationally unsupported.
23 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Psych Chapter 8
Motivation
Extrinsic motivation
Intrinsic motivation
Instincts
The process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
Type of motivation in which a person performs an action becau…
Type of motivation in which a person performs an action becau…
The biologically determined and innate patterns of behavior t…
Motivation
The process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
Extrinsic motivation
Type of motivation in which a person performs an action becau…
11 termscreated on December 8, 2016
toddler anticipatory guidance
use of utensils spoon
foods to avoid for toddlers
do not force eating
first dental exam
15-17 months
simple sugar snacks and drinks
food jags common
by age 1
use of utensils spoon
15-17 months
foods to avoid for toddlers
simple sugar snacks and drinks
6 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 9- Memory
3 stage model of memory
sensory memory
iconic memory
echoic memory
sensory, short term, long term memory
-contains raw sensations, prior to perception... -very large cap…
brief visual "photo" of what you are seeing (lasts a fraction…
brief auditory memory of what you are hearing (lasts 3-4 seco…
3 stage model of memory
sensory, short term, long term memory
sensory memory
-contains raw sensations, prior to perception... -very large cap…
6 termscreated on December 8, 2016
BUSN Chapter 12
Product Life Cycle
Phases of New Product Development
Product Mix
Branding
A series of stages in which a product's sales revenue and pro…
1. Idea Generation ... 2. Screening ... 3. Concept Training ... 4. Bus…
All products that a firm offers for sale... 1. Width of Mix - nu…
A name, term, symbol, design or any combination of these that…
Product Life Cycle
A series of stages in which a product's sales revenue and pro…
Phases of New Product Development
1. Idea Generation ... 2. Screening ... 3. Concept Training ... 4. Bus…
13 termscreated on December 8, 2016
AP Psychology Unit 8A Vocab
Incentive
Instinct
Set Point
Motivation
a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates…
a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
the point at which an individual's "weight thermostat" is sup…
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Incentive
a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates…
Instinct
a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
102 termscreated on December 8, 2016
psych final
Psychology
Correlational Research
Experimental Research Design
Evolutionary Psychology
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
when two variables are related, a change in one is accompanie…
a research method in which a researcher manipulates one or mo…
natural selection, adaptation, and evolution of behavior and…
Psychology
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Correlational Research
when two variables are related, a change in one is accompanie…
13 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Motivation and Emotion-TAMU-Smith-2016
Motivation
Drive Reduction Theory
Maslows Theory of Needs
Yerkes-Dodson Law (Optimal level of ar…
Energy "pushes" or "directs" behavior
Hull explains motivations states and why that change so quickly
-Physiological Needs- Fundamental ... -Safety and Security -Fund…
- When you are at optimal level you will do you best
Motivation
Energy "pushes" or "directs" behavior
Drive Reduction Theory
Hull explains motivations states and why that change so quickly
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