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Study sets matching "psycology chapter 3"

31 terms
Chapter 3 psycology
gland that produces the hormone thyroxin
what does thyroxine effect
not enough thyroxine causes what
too much thyroxine causes what
thyroid
the body's metabolism
hypothyroidism; sluggish and overweight
hyperthyroidism
gland that produces the hormone thyroxin
thyroid
what does thyroxine effect
the body's metabolism
109 terms
psycology chapter 3
What does the frontal lobes serve as?
what does the parietal lobe serve as?
What happens if one of you maps in the…
What does the temporal lobes serve as?
they serve as the brains executive center, essentially of the…
they weave together sensory information to create your sense…
the effects can be bewildering(cause confusion).
they interpret sound, including speech. The effects of damage…
What does the frontal lobes serve as?
they serve as the brains executive center, essentially of the…
what does the parietal lobe serve as?
they weave together sensory information to create your sense…
Chapter 3 Psycology
Define consciousness
Explain dual processing
What is blindsight?
What is the circadian rhythm?
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
The principle that information is simultaneously processed on…
when someone who says they can't see an object but are able t…
Diurnal (daily) cycles of body functions
Define consciousness
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
Explain dual processing
The principle that information is simultaneously processed on…
56 terms
Psycology chapter 3 study guide
sensation
absolute thresholds
difference threshold
webers law
when energy of fome kind stimulates a receptor cell then sent…
minimum amount of energy we can detect 50% of the time
smallest difference in stimulation that you can notice
the bigger the stimulation the bigger the change need to noti…
sensation
when energy of fome kind stimulates a receptor cell then sent…
absolute thresholds
minimum amount of energy we can detect 50% of the time
38 terms
Psycology chapter 3
Sensation
Preception
Transduction
Absolute threshold
Activation of receptos in response to enviornmental stimuli
The organization and interpretation of sensory stimuli by the…
The process of transforming stimuli to neural signals
The weakest stimuli that can be detected
Sensation
Activation of receptos in response to enviornmental stimuli
Preception
The organization and interpretation of sensory stimuli by the…
38 terms
psycology - Chapter 3
Concsciousness
cognitive neuroscience
dual processing
blindsite
our awareness of ourselves and our evnironment
the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
the principle that information is often simultaneously proces…
a condition in which a person can respond to a visual stimulu…
Concsciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our evnironment
cognitive neuroscience
the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
17 terms
Psycology chapter 3 terms
Sensation
Perception
Absolute threshold
Difference threshold
Senses pick up visual, auditory, and other sensory stimuli to…
Brain actively organized and interprets sensory information
Minimum amount of sensory stimulation that can be detected 50…
A measure in the smallest increase in a physical stimulus tha…
Sensation
Senses pick up visual, auditory, and other sensory stimuli to…
Perception
Brain actively organized and interprets sensory information
25 terms
psycology chapter 3
The part of a neuron that transmits in…
The electrical charge that exists betw…
Fiona puts her hands into a sinkful of…
What event causes the release of neuro…
axon
-60 to -70 millivolts.
be the same in both individuals due to the all-or-none princi…
The arrival of the action potential at the terminal buttons.
The part of a neuron that transmits in…
axon
The electrical charge that exists betw…
-60 to -70 millivolts.
29 terms
psycology chapter 3&5
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
Myelin Sheath
nerve cell
Receive messages and conduct impulses toward the cell body
Sends messages to other neurons ,muscles or glands
Increase transmission speed of neural impulses
Neuron
nerve cell
Dendrites
Receive messages and conduct impulses toward the cell body
9 terms
Psycology Chapter 3.4
Hertz(Hz)
Pinna
Auditory Canal
Cochlea
Cylces or waves per second, a measurement of frequency.
The visible part of yhe ear.
Short tunnel that runs from the pinnacle to the eardrum.
Snail-shaped structure of the inner ear that is filled with f…
Hertz(Hz)
Cylces or waves per second, a measurement of frequency.
Pinna
The visible part of yhe ear.
119 terms
Psycology-Chapter 3
Sensation
Sensory Receptors
What are the five sense organs?
Transduction
The activation of receptors in the various sense organs.
Specialized forms of neurons.
eyes, ears, nose, skin and tase buds.
The process of converting outside stimuli, such as light, int…
Sensation
The activation of receptors in the various sense organs.
Sensory Receptors
Specialized forms of neurons.
119 terms
Psycology-Chapter 3
Sensation
Sensory Receptors
What are the five sense organs?
Transduction
The activation of receptors in the various sense organs.
Specialized forms of neurons.
eyes, ears, nose, skin and tase buds.
The process of converting outside stimuli, such as light, int…
Sensation
The activation of receptors in the various sense organs.
Sensory Receptors
Specialized forms of neurons.
119 terms
Psycology-Chapter 3
Sensation
Sensory Receptors
What are the five sense organs?
Transduction
The activation of receptors in the various sense organs.
Specialized forms of neurons.
eyes, ears, nose, skin and tase buds.
The process of converting outside stimuli, such as light, int…
Sensation
The activation of receptors in the various sense organs.
Sensory Receptors
Specialized forms of neurons.
119 terms
Psycology-Chapter 3
Sensation
Sensory Receptors
What are the five sense organs?
Transduction
The activation of receptors in the various sense organs.
Specialized forms of neurons.
eyes, ears, nose, skin and tase buds.
The process of converting outside stimuli, such as light, int…
Sensation
The activation of receptors in the various sense organs.
Sensory Receptors
Specialized forms of neurons.
110 terms
Psycology-Chapter 3
Sensation
Sensory Receptors
What are the five sense organs?
Transduction
The activation of receptors in the various sense organs.
Specialized forms of neurons.
eyes, ears, nose, skin and tase buds.
The process of converting outside stimuli, such as light, int…
Sensation
The activation of receptors in the various sense organs.
Sensory Receptors
Specialized forms of neurons.
Chapter 3-Psycology
Imprinting
Not true for infants
Social approval
Rooting reflex
Sudden and can take place in less than a day
They imprint on their parents
The desire characterized by stage 3 of Lawrence Kohlberg's th…
Helps an infant find the mothers breast
Imprinting
Sudden and can take place in less than a day
Not true for infants
They imprint on their parents
119 terms
Psycology-Chapter 3
Sensation
Sensory Receptors
What are the five sense organs?
Transduction
The activation of receptors in the various sense organs.
Specialized forms of neurons.
eyes, ears, nose, skin and tase buds.
The process of converting outside stimuli, such as light, int…
Sensation
The activation of receptors in the various sense organs.
Sensory Receptors
Specialized forms of neurons.
24 terms
chapter 3 psycology quiz set
1. More than half of the mortality fro…
2. A stressor is defined as:
3. According to Selye, pleasant, posit…
3. The end result of a total absence o…
a) factors within our control
a) an environmental trigger that prompts a stressful reaction
a) Eustress
c) death
1. More than half of the mortality fro…
a) factors within our control
2. A stressor is defined as:
a) an environmental trigger that prompts a stressful reaction
63 terms
Psycology Ch 3
Sensations
Perceptions
Agnosia
Just Noticeable Difference (JND)
meaningless output of senses- firing of neurons are stimulated
meningful pattern of sensations-putting pieces together to ma…
(proof of separate nature) inability to recognize familiar ob…
smallest difference b/t 2 stimuli thats detectable 50% of the…
Sensations
meaningless output of senses- firing of neurons are stimulated
Perceptions
meningful pattern of sensations-putting pieces together to ma…
27 terms
Ch.3 Psycology
Cell body:
Dendrites:
Axon:
Myelin sheath:
Contains nucleus
receives info and directs it to cell body
carries info away from cell body to other cells
layer of fat cells, insulates for speed
Cell body:
Contains nucleus
Dendrites:
receives info and directs it to cell body
42 terms
Psycology Chapter 3: Consciousness and Two-Track Mind
Consciousness
Cognitive neuroscience
Dual Processing
Blindsight
Our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
The principle that information is often simultaneously proces…
A condition in which person can respond to a visual stimulus…
Consciousness
Our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
Cognitive neuroscience
The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
56 terms
Psycology Chapters 1-3
Peripheral nervous system
sympathetic nervous system
central nervous system
parasympathetic nervous system
consists of the somatic and autonomic systems
activated in emergency situations with increased heart rate a…
consists of the brain and spinal cord
calms the body by slowing heart rater and breathing
Peripheral nervous system
consists of the somatic and autonomic systems
sympathetic nervous system
activated in emergency situations with increased heart rate a…
38 terms
Psycology Chapter 2
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
Variables
Reliability
a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of li…
a result of the process of operationalization and is used to…
The things that change in an experiment
the extent to which an experiment, test, or measuring procedu…
Hypothesis
a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of li…
Operational Definition
a result of the process of operationalization and is used to…
45 terms
Chapter 3 Jennee 7.1-11 Psycology
Define Thinking or cognition
What are mental images?
What are concepts?
What are prototypes?
A mental activity that occurs in the brain when information i…
They represent objects or events and have a picture like qual…
Ideas that represent a class or category of events, objects,…
Examples of a concept that more closely match the defining ch…
Define Thinking or cognition
A mental activity that occurs in the brain when information i…
What are mental images?
They represent objects or events and have a picture like qual…
38 terms
Psycology Chapter 2
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
Variables
Reliability
a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of li…
a result of the process of operationalization and is used to…
The things that change in an experiment
the extent to which an experiment, test, or measuring procedu…
Hypothesis
a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of li…
Operational Definition
a result of the process of operationalization and is used to…
46 terms
psycology ch 3
neuron
Cell body:
Dendrite
Axon
Cells in the nervous system that communicate with one another…
Coordinates information-processing tasks and keeps the cell a…
Receives information from other neurons and relays it to the…
Transmits information to other neurons, muscles, or glands
neuron
Cells in the nervous system that communicate with one another…
Cell body:
Coordinates information-processing tasks and keeps the cell a…
12 terms
Psycology chap 3
Stressor
Eustress
Distress
Life change
The trigger that prompts the stressful reaction.
Pleasant or beneficial, such as moderate exercise.
Stress that is unpleasant Or objectionable a from chronic ill…
Thomas Holmes and Richard Rahe required some adjustment in be…
Stressor
The trigger that prompts the stressful reaction.
Eustress
Pleasant or beneficial, such as moderate exercise.
12 terms
PSYCOLOGY CH3
central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Neurons
Cell body
Part of nervous system that consist of the brain and spinal c…
Neurons that connect the central nervous system to the rest o…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
The part of the neuron that produces the energy needed for th…
central nervous system
Part of nervous system that consist of the brain and spinal c…
Peripheral nervous system
Neurons that connect the central nervous system to the rest o…
Psycology 3
Development Psychology
Grasping Reflex
Rooting Reflex
Telegraphic Speech
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his o…
an infant's response in turning toward the source of touching…
the kind of verbal utterances in which words are left out, bu…
Development Psychology
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
Grasping Reflex
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his o…
15 terms
Psycology: Chapter 9
Critical Period
imprinting
Germinal period
embryonic period
a time of special sensitivity to specific types of learning w…
an inherited primitive form of rapid learning in which some i…
the first stage of prenatal development
the second stage of prenatal development
Critical Period
a time of special sensitivity to specific types of learning w…
imprinting
an inherited primitive form of rapid learning in which some i…
53 terms
Chapter 9 PSYCOLOGY
aspects of physical development
BODY DEVELOPMENT IN MIDDLE CHILDHOOD
BRAIN DEVELOPMENT
BRAIN DEVELOPMENT IS A RESULT OF 2 BAS…
grow about 2-3 inches per year and double weight from age 6.…
1) NUTRITION AND SLEEP... -2400 CALS PER DAY TO KEEP UP WITH LUF…
FASTER, MORE EFFICENT PROCESSING OCCURS AS A RESULT OF BRAIN…
1)- LOSS IN DENSITY OF GRAY MATTER IN BRAIN... (AKA, LOSE CELLS…
aspects of physical development
grow about 2-3 inches per year and double weight from age 6.…
BODY DEVELOPMENT IN MIDDLE CHILDHOOD
1) NUTRITION AND SLEEP... -2400 CALS PER DAY TO KEEP UP WITH LUF…
34 terms
Ch 3 and 12 Psycology
perception
social information processinng
examples of schemata
primacy effect
the process by which we organize and interpret patterns of st…
the pecieving and interpreting of social information in terms…
primacy effect, halo effect, scripts, sterotypes
the first information has the greatest impact on our overall…
perception
the process by which we organize and interpret patterns of st…
social information processinng
the pecieving and interpreting of social information in terms…
17 terms
Chapter 6 psycology
What are the two types of Non associat…
Habituation
Sensitization
What are the two types of Associative…
Habituation... Sensitatuon
Repeated exposure toa stimulus , causes you to ignore it. (Si…
Makes you more alert about other similar stimuli. (Response t…
Classical conditioning ... Operant conditioning
What are the two types of Non associat…
Habituation... Sensitatuon
Habituation
Repeated exposure toa stimulus , causes you to ignore it. (Si…
26 terms
Chapter 1 psycology
psychology
behavior
cognitive activities
psychological constructs
the scientific study of behavior and mental process
any action that other people can observe or measure
mental process; dreams, perceptions, thoughts, and memories
theoretical entities, or concepts, that enable one to discuss…
psychology
the scientific study of behavior and mental process
behavior
any action that other people can observe or measure
119 terms
psycology 3
adaptation
assimilation
accommodation
constructivism
in Piaget's theory of congnitive development the process by w…
the process of taking in information about external world
a change in the mind as a result in taking in new information…
the perspective that growing children are actively engaged in…
adaptation
in Piaget's theory of congnitive development the process by w…
assimilation
the process of taking in information about external world
30 terms
Chapter 4 psycology
sensation
perception
absolute threshold
difference threshold
the stimulation of sensory receptors and the transmissions of…
the psychological process through which we interpret sensory…
the weakest amount of stimuli that can be senced
the minimum of difference that can be detected between two st…
sensation
the stimulation of sensory receptors and the transmissions of…
perception
the psychological process through which we interpret sensory…
22 terms
Psycology 3
Identity vs. Role Confusion
Intimacy vs. Isolation
Generativity vs. Stagnation
Integrity vs. Despair
Person establishes their own identity-OR NOT
Person develops close personal relationships with non family…
Remaining a productive member of society throughout your life…
Looking back at the good life you have led-OR NOT
Identity vs. Role Confusion
Person establishes their own identity-OR NOT
Intimacy vs. Isolation
Person develops close personal relationships with non family…
29 terms
psycology 3
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neurons
cell body
the part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and…
the neurons that connect the central nervous system to the re…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
the part of the neuron that produces the energy needed for th…
central nervous system
the part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and…
peripheral nervous system
the neurons that connect the central nervous system to the re…
23 terms
Psycology Chapter 5
consciousness
circadian thythm
Rapid eye movement (REM)
Hypogotic sleep
an organisms awareness of intgernal events and of the externa…
a consistent pattern of cyclical bodily activites, govened by…
the fifth stage of slee[ marked by rapid eye movemnts, high f…
1,2,3,4,3,2, REM
consciousness
an organisms awareness of intgernal events and of the externa…
circadian thythm
a consistent pattern of cyclical bodily activites, govened by…
30 terms
Psycology Chapter 4
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
absolute threshold
the process of detecting, converting, and transmitting raw se…
the process of seleting organizing, and INTERPRETING sensory…
when something becomes a neural event... the process where by se…
the minimum amount of stimulation necessary to continuously d…
Sensation
the process of detecting, converting, and transmitting raw se…
Perception
the process of seleting organizing, and INTERPRETING sensory…
28 terms
Psycology 3
psychoanalytic
psychodynamic (neo-freudian)
humanistic
trait
(frued) emotional disorders come from our unconscious. what o…
(jung alder) childhood expieriences
(rogers) focus on healthy peoples lives
(allport costa) certain stable characteristics
psychoanalytic
(frued) emotional disorders come from our unconscious. what o…
psychodynamic (neo-freudian)
(jung alder) childhood expieriences
Psycology: Chapter 6
Learning
Associative Learning
classical conditioning
condtioning
Permanent change to a behavior.
Occurs when an organism makes a connection, or an association…
a type of learning that develops through paired associations;…
The process of learning associations between stimuli behavior…
Learning
Permanent change to a behavior.
Associative Learning
Occurs when an organism makes a connection, or an association…
83 terms
psycology 3
learning
classical conditioning
unconditioned stimulus
unconditoned response
the process by which experience or practice results in a rela…
the type of learning in which a response that is naturally el…
a stimulus that invasriably cause or organism to respond in a…
a response that takes place in an organism whenever an uncond…
learning
the process by which experience or practice results in a rela…
classical conditioning
the type of learning in which a response that is naturally el…
74 terms
Psycology Chapter 7
learning
classical conditioning
operant conditioning
cognitive learning
the process of acquiring through experience new information o…
learn to except and prepare for significant events such as fo…
learn repeat acts that bring rewards and avoid acts that brin…
the acquisition of mental information, weather by observing e…
learning
the process of acquiring through experience new information o…
classical conditioning
learn to except and prepare for significant events such as fo…
Psycology Chapter 2 Terms
Glia
Neurons
Soma
Dendrites
Cells found throughout the nervous system that provide struct…
Specialized cells in the nervous system that receive and send…
The cell body of a nerve cell
The part of the neuron that receives messages from other cells
Glia
Cells found throughout the nervous system that provide struct…
Neurons
Specialized cells in the nervous system that receive and send…
24 terms
Psycology: Chapter 6
Learning
classical conditioning
condtioning
unconditioned stimulus
Permanent change to a behavior
a type of learning that develops through paired associations;…
the process of learning associations between stimuli behavior…
in classical conditioning a stimulus that elicits an uncondit…
Learning
Permanent change to a behavior
classical conditioning
a type of learning that develops through paired associations;…
15 terms
Chapter 10 Psycology
homeostasis
optimal arousal theory
incentive theory
obesity
the bodys tendency to maintain a relatively balanced and stab…
the theory that organisms are motivated to achieve and mainta…
the theory that motivation results from external stimuli that…
having body mas index of 30 or above based on height and weight
homeostasis
the bodys tendency to maintain a relatively balanced and stab…
optimal arousal theory
the theory that organisms are motivated to achieve and mainta…
63 terms
Psycology Unit 3
Functionand location of the medulla?
Function and location of the cerebellum
function and location of the pons
midbrain
Located at the base of the brain; controls unconcious functio…
lower part of the brain near the occipital lobe; control move…
base of the brain, part of the brainstem; bridge between area…
middle of the brain behind frontal lobes; controls breathing…
Functionand location of the medulla?
Located at the base of the brain; controls unconcious functio…
Function and location of the cerebellum
lower part of the brain near the occipital lobe; control move…
Chapter 2 Psycology
What is biological psychology?
What is the function of dendrites?
What is a threshold, when talking abou…
What is an axon?
Biological psychology is a branch of psychology that studies…
are the structures on the neuron that receive electrical mess…
level of stimulation required to trigger an Action Potential.…
the long threadlike part of a nerve cell along which impulses…
What is biological psychology?
Biological psychology is a branch of psychology that studies…
What is the function of dendrites?
are the structures on the neuron that receive electrical mess…
32 terms
Chapter 11 Psycology Terms
Motivation
instinct
Drive-Reduction Theory
Homeostasis
need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it towards…
is a fixed (rigid and predictable) pattern of behavior that i…
a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a driv…
tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state
Motivation
need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it towards…
instinct
is a fixed (rigid and predictable) pattern of behavior that i…
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