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Study sets matching "pulmonary anatomy"

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Study sets matching "pulmonary anatomy"

53 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy
Left - 2... - Superior... - Inferior... Right…
Parietal Pleura
Visceral Pleura
Pleural Space
How many lobes does each lung have?
Name the structure
Name the structure
Name the structure
Left - 2... - Superior... - Inferior... Right…
How many lobes does each lung have?
Parietal Pleura
Name the structure
28 terms
pulmonary anatomy
airways: left lobes of the lungs
airways: right lobes
16 mneumonic
17-23 generations of the lungs condtains
Left upper lobe... 1. upper division: ... - apical, posterior, ante…
Upper... 1. apical... 2. posterior... 3. anterior... Middle... 1. medial ... 2…
by the 16 week of gestation, there are 16 generations of lung
1. respiratroy bronchioles... 2. bronchial ducts... 3. bronchial sacs
airways: left lobes of the lungs
Left upper lobe... 1. upper division: ... - apical, posterior, ante…
airways: right lobes
Upper... 1. apical... 2. posterior... 3. anterior... Middle... 1. medial ... 2…
37 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy
Functions of the Respiratory System
let's start with the ventilatory pump.…
purpose of the bony thorax? what's it…
purpose, shape, innervation of diaphragm
Filter out blood clots
Functions of the Respiratory System
Filter out blood clots
let's start with the ventilatory pump.…
98 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy
The ___________is the space between th…
the thoracic inlet is bounded by
the thoracic outlet is bounded by
Why is it important to know about the…
The Mediastinum is the space between the pleurae from the ver…
1. T1 posteriorly... 2. manubrium anteriorly... 3. 1st ribs laterally
1. T12 posteriorly... 2. 7-10 costal cartilages anteriorly... 3. 11…
If there is injury to the lungs or to the chest, there can be…
The ___________is the space between th…
The Mediastinum is the space between the pleurae from the ver…
the thoracic inlet is bounded by
1. T1 posteriorly... 2. manubrium anteriorly... 3. 1st ribs laterally
59 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy
Main functions of the respiratory system
Four processes of respiration
What is pulmonary respiration?
What is external respiration?
Supply body with O2 and dispose of CO
Pulmomary respiration, external respiration, gas exchange and…
Inspiration and expiration
Exchange between air and blood in lungs
Main functions of the respiratory system
Supply body with O2 and dispose of CO
Four processes of respiration
Pulmomary respiration, external respiration, gas exchange and…
14 terms
Pulmonary anatomy
Anoxia
Apnea
Dyspnea
Eupnea
lack or absence of oxygen
no breathing
difficult or labored breathing
normal breathing at rest
Anoxia
lack or absence of oxygen
Apnea
no breathing
Anatomy Pulmonary
Where does the head of the rib attach…
Which part of the ribs is the most lik…
Where do the Veins, Arteries and Nerve…
Where do the phrenic and vagus nerves…
Same vertebrae + superior one... Also attach to transverse body…
Angle -- weakest
In the subcostal groove (VAN superior-inferior), between inte…
Nerves run ANTERIOR to arteries and POSTERIOR to veins
Where does the head of the rib attach…
Same vertebrae + superior one... Also attach to transverse body…
Which part of the ribs is the most lik…
Angle -- weakest
35 terms
Pulmonary anatomy
The chest wall is made up of the
The manibrium of the sternum articulat…
The body of the sternum articulates wi…
The sternal angle is at vertebra level
Sternum ,... ribs,... Vertebrae,... scapula
Clavicle and first 2 ribs
3-7
T4
The chest wall is made up of the
Sternum ,... ribs,... Vertebrae,... scapula
The manibrium of the sternum articulat…
Clavicle and first 2 ribs
59 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy
Main functions of the respiratory system
Four processes of respiration
What is pulmonary respiration?
What is external respiration?
Supply body with O2 and dispose of CO
Pulmomary respiration, external respiration, gas exchange and…
Inspiration and expiration
Exchange between air and blood in lungs
Main functions of the respiratory system
Supply body with O2 and dispose of CO
Four processes of respiration
Pulmomary respiration, external respiration, gas exchange and…
16 terms
Anatomy Pulmonary
3 factors - getting into shape
What drives increased ventilation afte…
tissue changes during exerices (3)
oxygen toxicity
respiratory system, circulatory system, increased oxidative e…
Increased levels of H+ (Lactic acid)
Increased temp, pH changes, 2,3 BPG can increase
100% oxygen. Produces O2- free radical. H2O2. can cause nasal…
3 factors - getting into shape
respiratory system, circulatory system, increased oxidative e…
What drives increased ventilation afte…
Increased levels of H+ (Lactic acid)
17 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy
Expansion of thoracic cavity around ve…
Expansion of thoracic cavity around tr…
Expansion of thoracic cavity around AP…
Muscles involved during inspiration:
Contraction of diaphragm... Upward pull by scalene and sternocle…
Contraction of intercostal muscles which elevates the lower r…
Elevation of upper ribs pulls on the sternum anteriorly (pump…
Diaphragm... Internal intercostal muscles... External intercostal m…
Expansion of thoracic cavity around ve…
Contraction of diaphragm... Upward pull by scalene and sternocle…
Expansion of thoracic cavity around tr…
Contraction of intercostal muscles which elevates the lower r…
28 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy
What are the functions of the respirat…
What are the principle components of t…
Bony thorax includes
Changes in the ___ of thoracic cavity…
Gas exchange; Filtration; Host defense
Components: bony thorax and chest well; Mm: diaphragm and acc…
Ribs, thorax and vertebrae. Attachment for respiratory mm, pr…
VOLUME
What are the functions of the respirat…
Gas exchange; Filtration; Host defense
What are the principle components of t…
Components: bony thorax and chest well; Mm: diaphragm and acc…
159 terms
CV/Pulmonary anatomy
Which vertebrae articulate with ribs?
How many ribs do we have?
Which vertebrae have complete facets f…
Where can you find the transverse cost…
Thoracic
12-13
Facets: T1, T9-12; 1 rib per vertebra... Demifacets: T2-8; 2 rib…
On the transverse process of the thoracic vertebrae.... Rib tube…
Which vertebrae articulate with ribs?
Thoracic
How many ribs do we have?
12-13
15 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy (major pictures)
trachea
Larynx
Pharynx
Right main(primary) bronchus
trachea
Larynx
14 terms
Pulmonary anatomy
Anoxia
Apnea
Dyspnea
Eupnea
lack or absence of oxygen
no breathing
difficult or labored breathing
normal breathing at rest
Anoxia
lack or absence of oxygen
Apnea
no breathing
115 terms
Anatomy Pulmonary
thorax
contract
relaxes
vertebral column
elevation and depression of the diaphragm changes the dimensi…
the diaphragm depresses when diaphragmatic muscles ____
the diaphragm ____ upon elevation
posterior ribs articulate with the ____
thorax
elevation and depression of the diaphragm changes the dimensi…
contract
the diaphragm depresses when diaphragmatic muscles ____
21 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy
What is the primary inspiratory muscle?
Diaphragm in supine
Diaphragm in upright
Diaphragm in sitting
Diaphragm
Hemiadiaphragms rest high... Greater inspiratory excursion
Level and excursion is intermediate
Level and excursion is lower
What is the primary inspiratory muscle?
Diaphragm
Diaphragm in supine
Hemiadiaphragms rest high... Greater inspiratory excursion
27 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy
Function
Hilum
Pulmonary ligament
Inspriation excursion is greatest:
Gas exchange, fluid exchange, filtration, and metabolism
AKA root of the lung... Where the bronchus and pulmonary vessels…
Is a reflection of pleural membranes onto each other; it is i…
When in supine
Function
Gas exchange, fluid exchange, filtration, and metabolism
Hilum
AKA root of the lung... Where the bronchus and pulmonary vessels…
140 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy
What are the main parts of the Respira…
What makes up the thorax?
What does the thorax cover and protect?
What is a pigeon breast?
1. Thorax... 2. Upper airway... 3. Lower airway... 4. Lungs... 5. Muscles…
-12 ribs... -sternum... -12 thoracic vertebrae
-organs of respiration... -circulation... -liver and stomach
*Variation of the thorax... -anterior projection of sternum
What are the main parts of the Respira…
1. Thorax... 2. Upper airway... 3. Lower airway... 4. Lungs... 5. Muscles…
What makes up the thorax?
-12 ribs... -sternum... -12 thoracic vertebrae
134 terms
Pulmonary anatomy
Primary function of the respiratory sy…
Simple diffusion
External respiration
Internal respiration
The continuous absorption of oxygen and excretion of carbon d…
Passage through the blood gas barrier
Oxygen from the atmosphere to the blood
Oxygen from the blood to the tissues
Primary function of the respiratory sy…
The continuous absorption of oxygen and excretion of carbon d…
Simple diffusion
Passage through the blood gas barrier
180 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy
Which ribs are "true" ribs and what do…
Which ribs are "false" ribs and what d…
Which ribs are "floating" and why?
What constitutes the infrasternal angle?
Ribs 1-7 attach directly to the sternum
Ribs 8-10 have cartilages that attach to the cartilages of su…
Ribs 11 and 12 are posterior and have cartilages ending in th…
The cartilages of ribs 7-10 join together.
Which ribs are "true" ribs and what do…
Ribs 1-7 attach directly to the sternum
Which ribs are "false" ribs and what d…
Ribs 8-10 have cartilages that attach to the cartilages of su…
109 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy
What attaches to the sternal angle
Mediastinum location
What is the mediastinum?
Superior part of the mediastinum locat…
2nd rib attaches here
The space between the pleurae form the vertebral surfaces to…
What is in the middle of the chest and what rests between you…
From thoracic inlet down to a line running from T4 to the bot…
What attaches to the sternal angle
2nd rib attaches here
Mediastinum location
The space between the pleurae form the vertebral surfaces to…
37 terms
Pulmonary anatomy
the trachea divides into the left and…
the ________ acts as a lubricant betwe…
what prevents the trachea from collaps…
what do the bronchi contain that keeps…
primary bronchi
pleura fluid
rings of cartilage
cartilage rings
the trachea divides into the left and…
primary bronchi
the ________ acts as a lubricant betwe…
pleura fluid
20 terms
Pulmonary - Anatomy
What is comprised of the sternum and 1…
To what does the kinesiology of respir…
Which nerves innervates the diaphragm?
Which way does the diaphragm move when…
The thorax.
Pump Handle motion and Bucket Handle motion of the thorax.
Phrenic nerve C3, C4, C5.
It moves inferiorly to increase the inferior/superior diamete…
What is comprised of the sternum and 1…
The thorax.
To what does the kinesiology of respir…
Pump Handle motion and Bucket Handle motion of the thorax.
68 terms
Pulmonary anatomy
where is the larynx located
What is the smallest portion of the ad…
what are the 6 laryngeal cartilages
why is the cricothyroid membrane good…
C4 - C6 ... - prevents entry of foreign objects into airway
larynx
- Thyroid... - Cricoid... - Epiglottic... - Arytenoids (2)... - Cornicula…
it's not very vascular
where is the larynx located
C4 - C6 ... - prevents entry of foreign objects into airway
What is the smallest portion of the ad…
larynx
42 terms
Pulmonary System Anatomy
thorax
upper respiratory tract
lower respiratory tract
nose
...
larynx and everything above it
trachea and everything below it
thorax
...
upper respiratory tract
larynx and everything above it
52 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy Practical
Head of Rib... Tubercle of Rib... Neck of ri…
Manubrium of Sternum
Jugular Notch of Sternum
Sternal Angle of (Louis) of Sternum
Head of Rib... Tubercle of Rib... Neck of ri…
Manubrium of Sternum
61 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy (TEST 1)
Which of the following is a function o…
___movement of air in and out of the l…
Gas exchange in the lungs occurs betwe…
Which of the following is NOT a struct…
D) all of the above... Additional include pH balance, eliminati…
A) pulmonary ventilation
alveoli and capillary
D) alveoli is apart of the lower respiratory tract. Additiona…
Which of the following is a function o…
D) all of the above... Additional include pH balance, eliminati…
___movement of air in and out of the l…
A) pulmonary ventilation
25 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy Quiz
What are the planes of the thoracic re…
What are the parts of the rib?
What defines a rib as true, false or f…
What order do the intercostal neurovas…
Transumbilical plane: runs horizontally between upper and low…
Head, tubercle, neck, body... Costal groove: posterior, inferior…
True ribs: 1-7, articulate with sternum directly... False ribs:…
VAN = Vein, Artery, Nerve
What are the planes of the thoracic re…
Transumbilical plane: runs horizontally between upper and low…
What are the parts of the rib?
Head, tubercle, neck, body... Costal groove: posterior, inferior…
46 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy - UABSOM 2016
Septal cartilage, ethmoid bone (specif…
Ethmoid bone. Vomer Bone.
cribiform plate and perpendicular plate.
Cribiform plate
What are the components of the nasal septum?
What is the structure in red? What is the structure beneath i…
What are the two parts of the ethmoid bone?
Septal cartilage, ethmoid bone (specif…
What are the components of the nasal septum?
Ethmoid bone. Vomer Bone.
What is the structure in red? What is the structure beneath i…
73 terms
Pulmonary: 1. Anatomy
Lung Volume (graph)
Vt
IRV
ERV
TIDAL VOLUME... volume of air normally inhaled and exhaled with…
INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME... additional volume of air that can…
EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME... additional volume of air that can b…
Lung Volume (graph)
Vt
TIDAL VOLUME... volume of air normally inhaled and exhaled with…
73 terms
Pulmonary: 1. Anatomy
Lung Volume (graph)
Vt
IRV
ERV
TIDAL VOLUME... volume of air normally inhaled and exhaled with…
INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME... additional volume of air that can…
EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME... additional volume of air that can b…
Lung Volume (graph)
Vt
TIDAL VOLUME... volume of air normally inhaled and exhaled with…
10 terms
Anatomy of the Pulmonary System
Vestibular zone
Olfactory zone
Respiratory zone
Nasopharynx
The outermost opening of the nose; start off the passageway f…
Most interior part of the nose where sense organs for smell a…
Located above the soft palette; where air moves into the oral…
Area includes nose and upper palates of oral cavity (tonsils…
Vestibular zone
The outermost opening of the nose; start off the passageway f…
Olfactory zone
Most interior part of the nose where sense organs for smell a…
56 terms
Pulmonary/respiratory anatomy
nasal septum
frontal sinus
sphenoid sinus
external naris
nasal septum
frontal sinus
33 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy Test 4
Basic ABG Interpretation
ABG Normal Ranges
Homeostasis and pH
2 Systems that regulate pH
The diffusion of gases (O2 & CO2) is a major determinant of a…
pH: 7.35 - 7.45... PaCO2: 35-45 mmHg... PaO2: 80-100 mmHg... HCO3: 22-…
If blood pH is below 7.35, we become acidic... if blood pH is ab…
Lungs (respiratory)... Kidneys (kidneys)
Basic ABG Interpretation
The diffusion of gases (O2 & CO2) is a major determinant of a…
ABG Normal Ranges
pH: 7.35 - 7.45... PaCO2: 35-45 mmHg... PaO2: 80-100 mmHg... HCO3: 22-…
46 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy (AIRWAY/LUNGS)
What are the laryngeal cartilages?
Posterior view of laryngeal cartilage
Components of the internal larynx
Cricoid cartilage
- Thyroid (laryngeal prominence)... - Cricoid... - Arytenoid... - Corn…
- Vestibular folds... - Ventricle... - Glottis (2 parts: vocal fold…
- Signet ring shaped... - Larger on posterior side
What are the laryngeal cartilages?
- Thyroid (laryngeal prominence)... - Cricoid... - Arytenoid... - Corn…
Posterior view of laryngeal cartilage
197 terms
Anatomy Lecture 3 Pulmonary
Respiration three meanings
Palpable structures/Reference lines
sternal line
anterior midline
- ventilation of the lungs (breathing)... - exchange of gases be…
SLIDE 4
runs on the edge of sternum
passes through the center of the sternum
Respiration three meanings
- ventilation of the lungs (breathing)... - exchange of gases be…
Palpable structures/Reference lines
SLIDE 4
84 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy and Physiology
Pulmonary is all about getting...
Lungs Size and Shape
Visceral Pleura
Parietal Pleura
fresh air into lungs (ventilation), so that O2 is available f…
• Each lung is cone shaped, R slightly larger than left.
Lung
Thorax
Pulmonary is all about getting...
fresh air into lungs (ventilation), so that O2 is available f…
Lungs Size and Shape
• Each lung is cone shaped, R slightly larger than left.
13 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy and Physiology
Conducting airways
Alveoli
Development of lung tissue
List and discuss the 3 factors for gas…
Dead space consisting of the nose, mouth, larynx, trachea, br…
Alveolar ducts made of type 1 and type 2 cells. Type 1 cells…
The lung is fully developed after the 26th generation (32-36…
Gas is diffused. For this to happen the lungs need: ... 1. Large…
Conducting airways
Dead space consisting of the nose, mouth, larynx, trachea, br…
Alveoli
Alveolar ducts made of type 1 and type 2 cells. Type 1 cells…
19 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy Images
Larynx
Nasal facial bone
Perpendicular plate of ethmoid bone an…
maxillary and palatine
Clinically, the division between upper and lower airways is w…
Bone that forms the bridge of the nose
nasal septum is made of the following two fused bones
The hard palate is made of what two fused bones?
Larynx
Clinically, the division between upper and lower airways is w…
Nasal facial bone
Bone that forms the bridge of the nose
81 terms
Anatomy Exam 3 - Pulmonary
name the 3 compartments of the thoraci…
what does each pulmonary cavity contain?
parietal pleura
visceral pleura
2 lateral - pulmonary cavities... 1 central - mediastinum
lung, serous pleural sac ("side of the body" like a fist push…
pleura that adheres to thoracic wall, mediastinum, and diaphr…
pleura that adheres to lungs
name the 3 compartments of the thoraci…
2 lateral - pulmonary cavities... 1 central - mediastinum
what does each pulmonary cavity contain?
lung, serous pleural sac ("side of the body" like a fist push…
54 terms
Anatomy Exam II - Thoracic/Pulmonary
What are the four functions of the res…
Recognize the non-respiratory function…
Which structure is primarily responsib…
What aspects of breathing does the ven…
1. Ventilation... 2. Perfusion... 3. Diffusion... 4. Control of breath…
1. Water loss, heat elimination, moistens air... 2. Enhances ven…
Medulla
1. Voluntary forced exhalation... 2. Increases force of inspirat…
What are the four functions of the res…
1. Ventilation... 2. Perfusion... 3. Diffusion... 4. Control of breath…
Recognize the non-respiratory function…
1. Water loss, heat elimination, moistens air... 2. Enhances ven…
43 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy Lecture 1
What are the the three major landmarks…
Where is the Jugular (suprasternal) no…
Where is the Sternal angle (angle of l…
Where is the Xiphoid process located?
Jugular (suprasternal) notch... Sternal angle (angle of louis)... X…
b/w the clavicles- marks the 2nd thoracic vertebrae
articulates between the manubrium and the body of the sternum…
It is the pointed projection from the inferior sternum (T9 le…
What are the the three major landmarks…
Jugular (suprasternal) notch... Sternal angle (angle of louis)... X…
Where is the Jugular (suprasternal) no…
b/w the clavicles- marks the 2nd thoracic vertebrae
25 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy Test 1
6 functions of respiration
5 respiratory processes
Conducting zones
Respiratory zones
1. Oxygen intake... 2. Expulsion of carbon dioxide... 3. Sound/voic…
1. Pulmonary ventilation... Movement of air in/out of lungs... 2. E…
Transport, cleanse, warm, and humidify incoming air. ... Not inv…
Function in gas exchange. ... Respiratory bronchioles. ... Alveolar…
6 functions of respiration
1. Oxygen intake... 2. Expulsion of carbon dioxide... 3. Sound/voic…
5 respiratory processes
1. Pulmonary ventilation... Movement of air in/out of lungs... 2. E…
40 terms
Pulmonary and Lower Respiratory Anatomy
C-shaped _______ form the skeleton of…
The _______transmits the trachea betwe…
The plane of the ________ marks the pl…
The ______, a wedge shaped cartilage m…
1) cartilaginous rings... 2) collapse
1) superior thoracic aperture... 2) superior mediastinum
1) sternal angle... 2) superior... 3) inferior
1) carina... 2) right
C-shaped _______ form the skeleton of…
1) cartilaginous rings... 2) collapse
The _______transmits the trachea betwe…
1) superior thoracic aperture... 2) superior mediastinum
51 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy & Physiology
Thoracic Cage
Superior Lobe... Middle Lobe... Inferior Lobe
3
2
_____ protects the thoracic organs, prevents lungs from colla…
What are the names of the 3 lobes of the right lung?
How many lobes does the right lung contain?
How many lobes does the left lung contain?
Thoracic Cage
_____ protects the thoracic organs, prevents lungs from colla…
Superior Lobe... Middle Lobe... Inferior Lobe
What are the names of the 3 lobes of the right lung?
14 terms
Pulmonary I: Anatomy and Physiology
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Trachea
Kartagener syndrome
Diaphragm
Abnormal connection between the esophagus and the trachea;... M…
Lined with ciliated columnar epithelium, which experiences me…
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (non-functional cilia) including:…
Innervated by C3, C4, C5 (keeps the diaphragm alive)... Formed…
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Abnormal connection between the esophagus and the trachea;... M…
Trachea
Lined with ciliated columnar epithelium, which experiences me…
46 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy (AIRWAY/LUNGS)
What are the laryngeal cartilages?
Posterior view of laryngeal cartilage
Components of the internal larynx
Cricoid cartilage
- Thyroid (laryngeal prominence)... - Cricoid... - Arytenoid... - Corn…
- Vestibular folds... - Ventricle... - Glottis (2 parts: vocal fold…
- Signet ring shaped... - Larger on posterior side
What are the laryngeal cartilages?
- Thyroid (laryngeal prominence)... - Cricoid... - Arytenoid... - Corn…
Posterior view of laryngeal cartilage
46 terms
Pulmonary Anatomy and Physiology (1)
Protects the thoracic organs... Prevents…
3 Lobes... superior, middle, inferior
2 lobes... superior, inferior
Conducting airways... -Trachea... -Segmental…
Purpose of Thoracic cage
How many lobes does the right lung have?
How many lobes does the left lung have?
No gas exchange will occur here?
Protects the thoracic organs... Prevents…
Purpose of Thoracic cage
3 Lobes... superior, middle, inferior
How many lobes does the right lung have?
73 terms
Anatomy Exam - Pulmonary System
Major function of Pulmonary System
Respiration consists of 4 processes…
1 - Pulmonary Ventilation
2 - External Respiration
- supply body with oxygen ... - dispose of carbon dioxide
1 - Pulmonary Ventilation ... 2 - External Respiration (LB = EXt…
moving air into and out of lungs
gas exchange between lungs and blood
Major function of Pulmonary System
- supply body with oxygen ... - dispose of carbon dioxide
Respiration consists of 4 processes…
1 - Pulmonary Ventilation ... 2 - External Respiration (LB = EXt…
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