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Study sets matching "pulmonary"

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Study sets matching "pulmonary"

367 terms
Pulmonary
Cyanosis
Anemia
Central Cyanosis
Peripheral cyanosis
bluish color of skin or mucosa due to deoxyhemoglobin (>4gm/d…
hypoxemia without cyanosis
decreased arterial oxygen saturation ... may be caused by hemog…
blusih discoloration in the extremities ... may be caused by re…
Cyanosis
bluish color of skin or mucosa due to deoxyhemoglobin (>4gm/d…
Anemia
hypoxemia without cyanosis
Pulmonary
Pneumonia
Tuberculosis
Pleural Effusion
Asthma
An inflammation of lung tissue, wherer the alveoli in the aff…
An infectious disease that may affect almost all tissues of t…
an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the intrapleural spaces…
A medical condition characterized by airway inflammation and…
Pneumonia
An inflammation of lung tissue, wherer the alveoli in the aff…
Tuberculosis
An infectious disease that may affect almost all tissues of t…
93 terms
Pulmonary
Upper respiratory system include what…
What is the function of upper respirat…
What are parts of the lower respirator…
What are the 2 portions of the respira…
nose, nasal cavity, paranasal sinus and pharynx....all the th…
Filter, warm and humidify incoming air in turn, protecting th…
below the larynx include, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchiol…
Conducting portion and Respiratory Portion
Upper respiratory system include what…
nose, nasal cavity, paranasal sinus and pharynx....all the th…
What is the function of upper respirat…
Filter, warm and humidify incoming air in turn, protecting th…
86 terms
Pulmonary
three sections of the thoracic cavity
Layers of the Pleura
Parietal Pleura
Visceral Pleura... (pulmonary pleura)
- Right pleural cavity... - Mediastinum... - Left pleural cavity
- Parietal Pleura... - Visceral pleura... (its actually one layer f…
- lines the thoracic cavity (attached to it)
- covers the entire surface of the lung
three sections of the thoracic cavity
- Right pleural cavity... - Mediastinum... - Left pleural cavity
Layers of the Pleura
- Parietal Pleura... - Visceral pleura... (its actually one layer f…
191 terms
Pulmonary
Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Uremia (chronic renal disease)
Nasal/sinus disease, lung abscess, bro…
Cyanide poisoning
sweet/fruity breath indicates ______
Ammonia smelling breath indicates _____
foul, putrid breath indicates
bitter almond smelling breath indicates
Diabetic Ketoacidosis
sweet/fruity breath indicates ______
Uremia (chronic renal disease)
Ammonia smelling breath indicates _____
60 terms
Pulmonary
Asthma... Bronchiectasis... Cystic fibrosis/…
asthma
obstructive
asthma
etiologies of obstructive pulmonary disease mnemonic:... ABCT
key fact - ___ should be suspected in children with multiple…
characterized by airway narrowing, ___ lung disease restric…
defined as reversible airway obstruction secondary to:... -bro…
Asthma... Bronchiectasis... Cystic fibrosis/…
etiologies of obstructive pulmonary disease mnemonic:... ABCT
asthma
key fact - ___ should be suspected in children with multiple…
29 terms
Pulmonary
pharynx
nasopharynx
epiglottis
uvula
pharynx
nasopharynx
24 terms
Pulmonary
Embryology of the heart and lungs
visceral vs. parietal pain
primary inspiratory muscles and expira…
accessory muscles of inspiration and e…
mesoderm
visceral is vague and unlocalized but parietal is very sensit…
intercostals and diaphragm/relaxatio and elastic recoil
pec major, scalenus anterior, SCM, serrates anterior ... abdomi…
Embryology of the heart and lungs
mesoderm
visceral vs. parietal pain
visceral is vague and unlocalized but parietal is very sensit…
80 terms
Pulmonary
What does OSA stand for?
Obstructive sleep apnea:
Apnea definition
hypopnea definition
Obstructive sleep apnea
Tongue and soft palate fall backward and create a partial or…
no respirations for more than 10 seconds
shallow respirations
What does OSA stand for?
Obstructive sleep apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea:
Tongue and soft palate fall backward and create a partial or…
102 terms
Pulmonary
Atelectasis
Neonatal respiratory Distress syndrome
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Diffuse alveolar damage in acute lung…
Atelectasis
Neonatal respiratory Distress syndrome
97 terms
Pulmonary
80%
decreased
normal or increased
inspiration
FEV1 is usually ______ percent of FEV
In obstructive disease, FEV1/FEV ratio is ________
In restrictive disease, FEV1/FEV ratio is ________
External intercostal muscles can provide additional force for…
80%
FEV1 is usually ______ percent of FEV
decreased
In obstructive disease, FEV1/FEV ratio is ________
42 terms
PULMONARY
ABCT - Etiologies of obstructive pulmo…
What should be suspected in children w…
obstructive lung disease
What is the definition of asthma?
Asthma... Bronchiectasis... Cystic fibrosis & COPD... Tracheal or bron…
asthma
restict air movement... air trapping
reversible airway obstruction secondary to bronchial hyperrea…
ABCT - Etiologies of obstructive pulmo…
Asthma... Bronchiectasis... Cystic fibrosis & COPD... Tracheal or bron…
What should be suspected in children w…
asthma
116 terms
Pulmonary
start pp clues
What is the difference between a carot…
What color is air on an x -ray?
What color is fluid/ solid on x - ray?
...
Carotid body: chemoreceptor... Carotid sinus: baroreceptor
Black "radio lucent"
White "radio opaque "
start pp clues
...
What is the difference between a carot…
Carotid body: chemoreceptor... Carotid sinus: baroreceptor
137 terms
Pulmonary
What is the most common cause of Rhini…
What are some atopic hypersensitivities?
What is the cause of Nasopharyngeal ca…
Child comes in frequently over the pas…
Rhinovirus
Allergic rhinitis... Asthma... Eczema
EBV... African children and Chinese adults
Cystic Fibrosis
What is the most common cause of Rhini…
Rhinovirus
What are some atopic hypersensitivities?
Allergic rhinitis... Asthma... Eczema
97 terms
Pulmonary
What pattern do you see on CXR for idi…
PE findings for pneumonia?
Cells involved in sarcoidosis?
What histological features do you see…
Honeycomb
Dullness to percussion and increased fremitus
CD4 helper T cells (TH2)... Macrophages
Non-caseating granulomas from unknown Ag... -Epithelioid histioc…
What pattern do you see on CXR for idi…
Honeycomb
PE findings for pneumonia?
Dullness to percussion and increased fremitus
255 terms
Pulmonary
1. Chronic Bronchitis ... 2. Emphysema
1. COPD... a. Emphysema ... b. Chronic Bro…
1. CF... 2. Bronchiectasis... 3. @-1-autipsi…
COPD
COPD is made up of what two diseases
Name the different pulmonary obstructive diseases.
Of the different pulmonary obstructive diseases, which ones a…
a state of airflow obstruction due to chronic bronchitis or e…
1. Chronic Bronchitis ... 2. Emphysema
COPD is made up of what two diseases
1. COPD... a. Emphysema ... b. Chronic Bro…
Name the different pulmonary obstructive diseases.
73 terms
Pulmonary
what are the obstructive lung diseases?
what are the restrictive lung diseases?
classic asthma triad
In asthma, a POSITIVE Methacholine cha…
asthma, COPD, bronchiectasis, CF... FEV1/FVC is decreased, FEV1…
sarcoidosis, pulmonary fibrosis, pneumoconiosis ... FEV1/FVC is…
chronic wheezing... dyspnea... cough
20%
what are the obstructive lung diseases?
asthma, COPD, bronchiectasis, CF... FEV1/FVC is decreased, FEV1…
what are the restrictive lung diseases?
sarcoidosis, pulmonary fibrosis, pneumoconiosis ... FEV1/FVC is…
122 terms
Pulmonary
Asthma ; ... what are the symptoms (DAY/n…
LIst exmples and MoA of ... Betat 2 agoni…
Asthma ; ... 1. main presentation ... 2.find…
Asthma : Diagnoistic testing ... 1. Initi…
1. EXPIRATORY WHEEZING ... 2. · Hyperventilation/increased resp…
1. Pulmonary function test PFT ; before and after INHALED BRO…
Asthma ; ... what are the symptoms (DAY/n…
LIst exmples and MoA of ... Betat 2 agoni…
13 terms
Pulmonary
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/ Usual I…
Nonspecific interstitial pneumonia
Cryptogenic Organizing pneumonia
Pneumoconioses
cyclic lung injury resulting in fibrosis due to aberrant epit…
often CT-related, but unknown etiology... -only fibrosis + infla…
Underlying lung structure normal, but abnormal plugs of loose…
alveolar macrophage engulfment of foreign particle > decay/in…
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/ Usual I…
cyclic lung injury resulting in fibrosis due to aberrant epit…
Nonspecific interstitial pneumonia
often CT-related, but unknown etiology... -only fibrosis + infla…
24 terms
Pulmonary
Anterior chest landmarks
Anterior chest contains mostly...
Posterior chest contains mostly...
Resonance
upper and middle lobe
lower lobe
air within tissue, low pitch
Anterior chest landmarks
Anterior chest contains mostly...
upper and middle lobe
17 terms
Pulmonary
Acute/Chronic Bronchitis,
Asthma,
Pneumonia,
Community acquired pneumonia,
Steroids, bronchodilators and antibiotics
Inflammation airways. B2 agonists. Inhaled steroids
...
Rocephin and Zithromax
Acute/Chronic Bronchitis,
Steroids, bronchodilators and antibiotics
Asthma,
Inflammation airways. B2 agonists. Inhaled steroids
48 terms
Pulmonary
Dead Space Equation (Bohr expired CO2)
Boyle's Law
Compliance
LaPlace's Law
P=2T/r
Dead Space Equation (Bohr expired CO2)
Boyle's Law
226 terms
Pulmonary
asthma symptoms are worse when?
best initial test: acute asthma exacer…
If patient is asymptomatic but you are…
most accurate diagnostic test: asthma
at night
1. peak expiratory flow... 2. arterial blood gas
administer methacholine and see if there is more than a 20% d…
pulmonary function testing + methacholine challenge if patien…
asthma symptoms are worse when?
at night
best initial test: acute asthma exacer…
1. peak expiratory flow... 2. arterial blood gas
67 terms
Pulmonary
Conducting zone
Respiratory zone
Type 1 alveolar cell
Type 2 alveolar cells
Moves air from the environment to the exchange surface... "dead…
Location of gas exchange... Includes respiratory bronchioles and…
Very thin, single cell layer thick... Combined with the capillar…
Secrete pulmonary surfactant which helps to moisturize and tr…
Conducting zone
Moves air from the environment to the exchange surface... "dead…
Respiratory zone
Location of gas exchange... Includes respiratory bronchioles and…
98 terms
Pulmonary
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Lactate dehydrogenase
Klebsiella
Legionella
A positive cold agglutinin test is associated with which type…
Pneumocystis jiroveci is associated with what lab value eleva…
A patient with chronic alcohol abuse is more likely to get wh…
Hyponatremia is associated with what type of pneumonia?
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
A positive cold agglutinin test is associated with which type…
Lactate dehydrogenase
Pneumocystis jiroveci is associated with what lab value eleva…
35 terms
Pulmonary
Ventilation
Respiration
FEV 1=
External respiration
movement of air through conducting airways
term used to describe the gas exchange within the body
Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 Second
exchange of gas that occurs at the alveolar capillary membran…
Ventilation
movement of air through conducting airways
Respiration
term used to describe the gas exchange within the body
71 terms
Pulmonary
Respiratory System main functions
Four Stages of Respiration
Pulmonary Ventilation (Breathing) def
External Respiration def
1. Supply oxygen, dispose of CO2... 2. Buffer pH of fluids... 3. Ce…
1. Pulmonary Ventilation... 2. External Respiration... 3. Transport…
moving air into and out of cell
gas exchange between lungs and blood
Respiratory System main functions
1. Supply oxygen, dispose of CO2... 2. Buffer pH of fluids... 3. Ce…
Four Stages of Respiration
1. Pulmonary Ventilation... 2. External Respiration... 3. Transport…
28 terms
Pulmonary
Accessory Muscle Use
Asthma
Atelectasis
Bradypnea
Struggling for breath using extra muscles in addition to the…
Constriction of the airway due to muscular contraction of the…
Collapse of the alveoli in the lungs due to disease or poor i…
Decreased respiratory rate
Accessory Muscle Use
Struggling for breath using extra muscles in addition to the…
Asthma
Constriction of the airway due to muscular contraction of the…
58 terms
Pulmonary
arm circumference daily
Document the condition of the site in…
>10 ml
Bronchial
How to measure for subclavian vein thrombosis
When applying a new dressing to the patient's central venous…
What size syringe should you be doing PICC line flushes with?
Heard over the large airways-this is tubular
arm circumference daily
How to measure for subclavian vein thrombosis
Document the condition of the site in…
When applying a new dressing to the patient's central venous…
33 terms
Pulmonary
Patients with Obiesty hypoventilation…
recurrent pneumonia
diffuse bronchial obstruction
Normal x-ray rules out...
Erythropiotin (secondary erythrocytosis), Pulmonary HTN, cor…
seen in acute exacerbation of COPD in which pt complains on i…
pulmonary edema and pneumonia
Patients with Obiesty hypoventilation…
Erythropiotin (secondary erythrocytosis), Pulmonary HTN, cor…
recurrent pneumonia
204 terms
Pulmonary
In terms of the common cold or URI, wh…
Pleural Fiction Rub
Individuals who have had a stroke or a…
Respiratory _______ frequently occurs…
Clear Nasal Discharge
A low - pitched grating sound heard on inhalation or exhalati…
PNA
Alkalosis
In terms of the common cold or URI, wh…
Clear Nasal Discharge
Pleural Fiction Rub
A low - pitched grating sound heard on inhalation or exhalati…
15 terms
Pulmonary
Patients w/ weak abdominal muscles (SCI)
Positional changes on diaphragm
Primary Muscles of Inspiration
Accessory Muscles of Inspiration
Lower resting position of diaphragm... Decreased inspiratory res…
Upright = lower diaphragm / lower inspiratory capacity... Supin…
Produces normal resting tidal volume... Diaphragm (C3-C5) and in…
SCM, scalenes: elevates upper 2 ribs... Levator costarum, serrat…
Patients w/ weak abdominal muscles (SCI)
Lower resting position of diaphragm... Decreased inspiratory res…
Positional changes on diaphragm
Upright = lower diaphragm / lower inspiratory capacity... Supin…
71 terms
Pulmonary
Ribs
Muscles of inspiration
Muscles of exhalation
Upper Respiratory Tract
1-6: true, attach to sternum by costal cartilage... 8-10: false,…
Primary: Diaphragm, external intercostals (elevate ribs)... Seco…
Quiet: passive recoil of the lungs and rib cage... Forceful: rec…
Nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx (epiglottis and vocal cords)... Hu…
Ribs
1-6: true, attach to sternum by costal cartilage... 8-10: false,…
Muscles of inspiration
Primary: Diaphragm, external intercostals (elevate ribs)... Seco…
14 terms
PULMONARY
asthma
bronchiectasis
COPD
interstitial lung disease
ABG, spirometry, CBC, CXR, methacholine challenge -> O2/shot…
CXR, CT, spirometry -> Abx/inhales steroids, bronchopulmonary…
CXR, PFT, ABG, stain/culture -> O2/albuterol/ipratropium/ster…
CXR/CT, PFT, biopsy -> supportive/steroids, lung transplant
asthma
ABG, spirometry, CBC, CXR, methacholine challenge -> O2/shot…
bronchiectasis
CXR, CT, spirometry -> Abx/inhales steroids, bronchopulmonary…
86 terms
Pulmonary
three sections of the thoracic cavity
Layers of the Pleura
Parietal Pleura
Visceral Pleura... (pulmonary pleura)
- Right pleural cavity... - Mediastinum... - Left pleural cavity
- Parietal Pleura... - Visceral pleura... (its actually one layer f…
- lines the thoracic cavity (attached to it)
- covers the entire surface of the lung
three sections of the thoracic cavity
- Right pleural cavity... - Mediastinum... - Left pleural cavity
Layers of the Pleura
- Parietal Pleura... - Visceral pleura... (its actually one layer f…
158 terms
Pulmonary
Upper Respiratory Tract
Lower Respiratory Tract
Defense: Nose
Defense: Pharynx
nose + mouth + pharynx + larynx
Trachea down... Trachea --> R & L primary bronchi --> secondary…
-gate keeper... -senses smell... -sneeze with irritating substances…
-oropharynx guarded via tonsils and adenoids... -lower pharynx h…
Upper Respiratory Tract
nose + mouth + pharynx + larynx
Lower Respiratory Tract
Trachea down... Trachea --> R & L primary bronchi --> secondary…
100 terms
Pulmonary
Ventilation
Respiration
Thoracic Cage
mediastinum
process of moving air in and out of the lungs
process of gas exchange across a membrane into or out of the…
12 pairs of ribs, attach to individual thoracic vertebrae in…
space between both lungs, below sternum
Ventilation
process of moving air in and out of the lungs
Respiration
process of gas exchange across a membrane into or out of the…
987 terms
Pulmonary
What are the boundaries of the inferio…
Which part of the rib articulates with…
The neurovascular bundles that accompa…
What bones share a joint with the manu…
Costal arch, eleventh and twelfth ribs, and twelfth thoracic…
The tubercle (transverse costal facet)
Costal Groove
Clavicles and first ribs
What are the boundaries of the inferio…
Costal arch, eleventh and twelfth ribs, and twelfth thoracic…
Which part of the rib articulates with…
The tubercle (transverse costal facet)
48 terms
Pulmonary
S/S pulmonary disease
S/S pulmonary disease (con.)
Lung volumes
Tidal volume
-Dyspnea: subjective sensation of uncomfortable breathing... -Or…
-Hypoventilation: hypercapnia, respiratory acidosis... -Hyperven…
-Tidal volume... -Minute respiratory volume... -Inspiratory reserve…
Amount of air moved in and out with a normal breath ... 500 mL
S/S pulmonary disease
-Dyspnea: subjective sensation of uncomfortable breathing... -Or…
S/S pulmonary disease (con.)
-Hypoventilation: hypercapnia, respiratory acidosis... -Hyperven…
58 terms
Pulmonary
Upper Respiratory Tract
Nasal Cavity
Larynx
Lower respiratory tract
nasal cavity and pharynx
-at rest air moves through nasal cavity only... -mucosal lining…
-connects upper and lower respiratory tracts... -epiglottis, thy…
pulmonary tree: trachea and trachea divisions
Upper Respiratory Tract
nasal cavity and pharynx
Nasal Cavity
-at rest air moves through nasal cavity only... -mucosal lining…
40 terms
Pulmonary
Anatomic Shunt
Physiological Shunt
atelectasis
Pneumothorax
Direct connection between oxygenated and unoxygenated blood (…
Blood that goes throughout the lungs but doesn't come in cont…
area of lung that is not vein ventilated... -May be plugged with…
air between lung and chest wall
Anatomic Shunt
Direct connection between oxygenated and unoxygenated blood (…
Physiological Shunt
Blood that goes throughout the lungs but doesn't come in cont…
57 terms
Pulmonary
Upper respiratory tract
Lower respiratory tract
Trachea
Generations
consists of nasal cavity, pharynx, and larynx (and mouth)
consists of the pulmonary tree (beginning with the trachea)
a one inch tube that has high velocity and a small cross sect…
Any place the tracheal tree divides. There are 23 generations
Upper respiratory tract
consists of nasal cavity, pharynx, and larynx (and mouth)
Lower respiratory tract
consists of the pulmonary tree (beginning with the trachea)
135 terms
Pulmonary
alveoli
bronch
bronchiol
coni
alveolus, air sac
bronchi/o bronchus
bronchiole
dust
alveoli
alveolus, air sac
bronch
bronchi/o bronchus
58 terms
Pulmonary
Fetal lung maturity indicated by
clearance of foreign particles
Relationship between pulmonary arterie…
Structures perforating diaphragm
lecithin:sphingomyelin ratio > 2.0... -- most important componen…
- largest: coughing/sneezing... - 10-15 um: upper airway trappin…
- right: anterior... - left: superior
- T8: IVC... - T10: esophagus... - T12: aorta, thoracic ductazygous…
Fetal lung maturity indicated by
lecithin:sphingomyelin ratio > 2.0... -- most important componen…
clearance of foreign particles
- largest: coughing/sneezing... - 10-15 um: upper airway trappin…
59 terms
Pulmonary
TOPICS
Lung Anatomy
Lung Anatomy:... PATHOLOGY
Lung Anatomy:... LANDMARKS
Infectious Disease... • Acute bronchitis ... • Bronchiolitis ... • Epi…
TOPICS
Infectious Disease... • Acute bronchitis ... • Bronchiolitis ... • Epi…
Lung Anatomy
50 terms
Pulmonary
dimensions
sternal angle
true ribs
false ribs
- vertical axis... - circumference of the chest... - to make vertic…
AKA: Angle of Louis... - start at suprasternal notch, move dow…
1-7 articulate w/ sternum
8, 9, 10 articulate w/ ribs above them
dimensions
- vertical axis... - circumference of the chest... - to make vertic…
sternal angle
AKA: Angle of Louis... - start at suprasternal notch, move dow…
23 terms
Pulmonary
Functions of pulmonary system
Alveoili
Respiratory membrane
Pleural sac
-Air in & out... -gas exchange... -humidifies air... -warms air... -filte…
-sac-like structures surrounded by capillaries in lungs... -atta…
-membrane of alveolar cells... -membrane of cells of capillary w…
double layered membrane that encases each lung
Functions of pulmonary system
-Air in & out... -gas exchange... -humidifies air... -warms air... -filte…
Alveoili
-sac-like structures surrounded by capillaries in lungs... -atta…
54 terms
Pulmonary
What controls the body respiratory cyc…
Ventilation disorders
Respiration disorders
Perfusion disorders
Chemoreceptors, respiratory center and drives.
Obstruction, CNS dysf, laryn edema, and asthma
Pulmonary edema, emphysema, drowning and CO
PE, shock
What controls the body respiratory cyc…
Chemoreceptors, respiratory center and drives.
Ventilation disorders
Obstruction, CNS dysf, laryn edema, and asthma
26 terms
Pulmonary
Only gene proven for COPD susceptibility
Mechanism of Alpha1 Antitrypsin Defici…
Alpha-1-Antitrypsin Deficiency: Major…
Genetics of Alpha-1-Antitrypsin Defici…
SERPINA1
Serine protease inhibitor, major inhibitor of neutrophil elas…
• Pulmonary emphysema (heterozygotes and homozygotes... • Hepat…
• SERPINA1 gene on chr 14... • Alleles expressed in a codominan…
Only gene proven for COPD susceptibility
SERPINA1
Mechanism of Alpha1 Antitrypsin Defici…
Serine protease inhibitor, major inhibitor of neutrophil elas…
18 terms
pulmonary
lung disease positioning
most common cause for nonmassive hemop…
egophony
bronchial breath sounds
"good side down"
bronchitis... blue bloater
lung consolidation... increased intensity of the spoken word upo…
over the trachea
lung disease positioning
"good side down"
most common cause for nonmassive hemop…
bronchitis... blue bloater
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