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Study sets matching "pyschology a"

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Study sets matching "pyschology a"

33 terms
A2 Sports Pyschology
Achievement motivation
Actual productivity
Agression
Assertion/ channelled aggression
Link between an individual's level of competitiveness and the…
degree of success of a team's performance at a given time dur…
an act (behavior) with the intention to harm or injure someone
forceful act with the main aim of completing skills successfu…
Achievement motivation
Link between an individual's level of competitiveness and the…
Actual productivity
degree of success of a team's performance at a given time dur…
91 terms
Pyschology Exam (Term A)
Pyschology
Introspection
Behaviorism
Reinforcement
study of human mental processes and behaviors.
A method of self-observation in which participants report the…
An approach that advocates that psychologists restrict themse…
a stimulus that strengthens or weakens the behavior that prod…
Pyschology
study of human mental processes and behaviors.
Introspection
A method of self-observation in which participants report the…
pyschology as a science
introspective
structionalism
functionalism
gesalt
reflection of others
ed titchener (brain tells stomach to eat)
william james
whole experience, not feeling but experience
introspective
reflection of others
structionalism
ed titchener (brain tells stomach to eat)
16 terms
Appendix A: Careers in Pyschology
Clinical Psychologists
Cognitive Psychologists
Community Psychologists
Counseling Psychologists
Promote psychological health in individuals, groups and organ…
Study thought processes and focus on topics like perception,…
Works on mental health problems in community settings -- beha…
Help people to adjust to life transitions or changes
Clinical Psychologists
Promote psychological health in individuals, groups and organ…
Cognitive Psychologists
Study thought processes and focus on topics like perception,…
17 terms
Pyschology A4
Definition of Pyschology
From which disciplines did psychology…
What degree do you need to be a psycho…
Wilhelm Wundt
Science of behavior and mental processes.
Philosophy and Physiology
Doctoral
Established the first psychology lab at the University of Lei…
Definition of Pyschology
Science of behavior and mental processes.
From which disciplines did psychology…
Philosophy and Physiology
8 terms
A.P. pyschology- unit 2
hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
an explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
a testable prediction, often implied by a theory
hindsight bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
critical thinking
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
66 terms
Research methods A2 pyschology
Aim
Variable
Dependent variable
Independent variable
Intended purpose of an investigation
Any phenomena that varies and can be given a specific quantit…
Variable directly affected by IV
Manipulated by experimenter
Aim
Intended purpose of an investigation
Variable
Any phenomena that varies and can be given a specific quantit…
95 terms
A2 Pyschology A Relationships Studies
Murstein
Brown
Goffman
Huston
197 couples photographed separately and rated by 8 judges. Sh…
We learn a sense of what is fitting- we adjust our expectatio…
People aspire to relationships with partners who are socially…
To avoid rejection, we choose someone who is similar to us.
Murstein
197 couples photographed separately and rated by 8 judges. Sh…
Brown
We learn a sense of what is fitting- we adjust our expectatio…
35 terms
a--Ap Pyschology Unit 1 Myers: History and Approaches
Empiricism
Structuralism
Functionalism
Humanistic Psychology
The view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
Historically significant perspective that emphasized the grow…
Empiricism
The view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
Structuralism
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
31 terms
a--Ap Pyschology Unit 1 Myers: History and Approaches
Empiricism
Structuralism
Functionalism
Experimental Psychology
The view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
The study of behavior and thinking using the experimental met…
Empiricism
The view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
Structuralism
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
15 terms
psychology
psychology
behavior
cognitive activities
psychological constructs
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
manner of acting or conducting yourself
private, unmeasurable mental processes such as dreams, percep…
theoretical entities, or concepts, that enable one to discuss…
psychology
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
behavior
manner of acting or conducting yourself
265 terms
Pyschology
Scientific method
A hypothesis
Pseudoscience
Theory
is a way of learning about the world through collecting obser…
is a testable prediction about processes that can be observed…
which refers to ideas that are presented as science but do no…
is an explanation for a broad range of observation that also…
Scientific method
is a way of learning about the world through collecting obser…
A hypothesis
is a testable prediction about processes that can be observed…
35 terms
Pyschology
Wilhelm Wundt
René Des Carlos
Dualism
Structuralism
structuralist
believes there is a link between body & mind
belief that the mind and the body are separate and distinct
study of the basic elements of human experience
Wilhelm Wundt
structuralist
René Des Carlos
believes there is a link between body & mind
71 terms
Pyschology
neuroscience
reductionism
materialism
Acetylcholine
biological basis of behavior
you can understand a complex concept by taking it apart and s…
All behavior is eventually understandable in terms of physica…
muscle action, learning, and memory
neuroscience
biological basis of behavior
reductionism
you can understand a complex concept by taking it apart and s…
20 terms
Pyschology
Psychatrist
Wilhelm Wundt
Psychodynamic Theory
independent variable
Have medical degree; prescribe medicine
Father of pyschology, creator of first pyschology lab
focused on childhood eperiences and the unconcious mind
cause
Psychatrist
Have medical degree; prescribe medicine
Wilhelm Wundt
Father of pyschology, creator of first pyschology lab
13 terms
Pyschology
Compliance
Identification
Internalisation
Informative social influence
It is the most superficial and least permanent level of confo…
This is temporary as individual's behaviours and belief syste…
This is the most deepest and permanent as the individual seek…
It is when an individual seeks information from a group and a…
Compliance
It is the most superficial and least permanent level of confo…
Identification
This is temporary as individual's behaviours and belief syste…
39 terms
Pyschology
Neuron
Dendrites
Neurotransmitter
Central nervous system (CNS)
The basic cell that makes up the nervous system and that rece…
Branchlike structures that receive messages from other neurons
Chemical found in the synaptic vesicles that when released ha…
Part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal…
Neuron
The basic cell that makes up the nervous system and that rece…
Dendrites
Branchlike structures that receive messages from other neurons
95 terms
Pyschology
Biological Phsychology
Neurons
Sensory Neuron
Motor Neuron
Studying the links between biological activity and psychologi…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Carry messages from the body's tissue and sensory organs inwa…
The brain and spinal cord then send instructions to the body'…
Biological Phsychology
Studying the links between biological activity and psychologi…
Neurons
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
71 terms
Pyschology
sensation
information at sensation stage
perception
reception
process by which our sense organs and receptors detect and re…
- Raw sensory data... - Meaningless until it is sent to the rele…
refers to the process by which we give meaning to sensory inf…
is the process of detecting and responding to incoming sensor…
sensation
process by which our sense organs and receptors detect and re…
information at sensation stage
- Raw sensory data... - Meaningless until it is sent to the rele…
186 terms
Pyschology
Michael is 12 years old and is ongoing…
Katherine is a telemarketer who receiv…
All intervals schedules of reinforceme…
Which of the following occurs whenever…
Unconditioned Stimulus
Fixed Ratio
Related to the passage of time
Associative Learning
Michael is 12 years old and is ongoing…
Unconditioned Stimulus
Katherine is a telemarketer who receiv…
Fixed Ratio
77 terms
Pyschology
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Somatic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
is the largest part of the nervous system; it includes the sp…
is the part of the nervous system that serves the limbs and o…
is the part of the peripheral nervous system that picks up st…
is the part of the peripheral nervous system that performs ta…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
is the largest part of the nervous system; it includes the sp…
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
is the part of the nervous system that serves the limbs and o…
89 terms
PYSCHOLOGY
Motivation
Drive Reduction Theory (and its problem)
Homeostasis Theory (and its problem)
Revised Description (allostasis)
activates and directs behaviors, makes our behavior more vigo…
desire to reduce irritation. Problem: Once all needs are fill…
maintenance of an optimal level of biological conditions with…
maintenance of an optimal level of biological conditions that…
Motivation
activates and directs behaviors, makes our behavior more vigo…
Drive Reduction Theory (and its problem)
desire to reduce irritation. Problem: Once all needs are fill…
Pyschology
psychology
Mental Processes
Behaviour
Applied Psychology
The study of the human mind and its functions, especially tho…
Functions or processes that people can do with their mind and…
Actions that a person can do, and other people can see.
The use of psychological principles and theories to overcome…
psychology
The study of the human mind and its functions, especially tho…
Mental Processes
Functions or processes that people can do with their mind and…
pyschology
Wilhelm Wundt
g. stanley hall
sigmund freud
gestalt pysch
father of modern psychology
key american psychology founded the APA deceoped early resear…
Introduced the psycho analytic perspective
experience things that are not part of our simple sensations
Wilhelm Wundt
father of modern psychology
g. stanley hall
key american psychology founded the APA deceoped early resear…
69 terms
Pyschology
Psychology
Titchner
William James
Sigmund Freud
Science of mental processes and behavior.
Structuralism functionalist. structure of the mind. how peopl…
Wrote first textbook. cared about stream of consciousness. st…
psychodynamic. hard to measure, subconscious. cant really be…
Psychology
Science of mental processes and behavior.
Titchner
Structuralism functionalist. structure of the mind. how peopl…
35 terms
Pyschology
Biological Approach
Psychoanalysis
Cognitive Pyschology
Humanism
Focus on GENETIC HORMONAL& NEUROCHEMICAL OF BEHAVIOR
Innate drives of SEX & AGGRESSION (nature). Social upbringing…
PERCEPTION AND MEMORY & change by environment
Maslow basic needs. Society influences person's self concept
Biological Approach
Focus on GENETIC HORMONAL& NEUROCHEMICAL OF BEHAVIOR
Psychoanalysis
Innate drives of SEX & AGGRESSION (nature). Social upbringing…
9 terms
Pyschology Chapter 6 vocab
Associative learning
Cognitive learning
Ivan Pavlov
Neutral stimulus
learning that certain events occur together
the acquisition of mental information, whether by observing e…
discovered classical conditioning; trained dogs to salivate a…
a stimulus that does not initially elicit a response
Associative learning
learning that certain events occur together
Cognitive learning
the acquisition of mental information, whether by observing e…
85 terms
Pyschology
axon
dentrite
Neuron
synapse
the end that sends information
the end that receives information
a nerve cell in the brain
gap between an axon of one neuron and dendrite of another
axon
the end that sends information
dentrite
the end that receives information
Pyschology
Factor analysis
Validity Test types
Gardner's Intelligences
G-factor
a mathematical procedure used to group together related items…
-Content: ... -Predictive: ... -Construct:
Musical-music... Bodily-kinesthetic-athletics... Logical-mathematic…
Underlies or contributes to performance on a variety of menta…
Factor analysis
a mathematical procedure used to group together related items…
Validity Test types
-Content: ... -Predictive: ... -Construct:
58 terms
Pyschology
experimental method
independent variable
dependent variable
random assignment
researcher randomly assigns participants to different conditi…
the variable that changes to see if it has an effect on some…
variable measured to see if it's influenced by independent va…
procedure ensuring that every participant has an equal chance…
experimental method
researcher randomly assigns participants to different conditi…
independent variable
the variable that changes to see if it has an effect on some…
54 terms
Chapter 2 Pyschology
Hinsdight bias
Applied research
Basic research
hypothesis
The inclination, after an event has occurred, to see the even…
A form of systematic inquiry involving the practical applicat…
The systematic study directed toward greater knowledge or und…
A supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of li…
Hinsdight bias
The inclination, after an event has occurred, to see the even…
Applied research
A form of systematic inquiry involving the practical applicat…
46 terms
Introduction to Pyschology
behavioral genectics
behavioral neuroscience
clinical psychology
clinical neuropsychology
studies the inheritance of traits related to behavior
examines the biological basis of behavior
deals with the study,diagnosis, and treatment of psychologica…
focuses on relationship between biological factors and pyscho…
behavioral genectics
studies the inheritance of traits related to behavior
behavioral neuroscience
examines the biological basis of behavior
18 terms
Pyschology
cerebellum
medulla
pons
reticular activating system
(Bottom rear of brain.) Minibrain. Coordinates fine muscle mo…
Controls heartbeat and breathing
A brain structure that relays information from the cerebellum…
Located in the upper brain stem; responsible for maintenance…
cerebellum
(Bottom rear of brain.) Minibrain. Coordinates fine muscle mo…
medulla
Controls heartbeat and breathing
38 terms
Pyschology Set 3
Stress
Stressor
Stress Reaction
Distress
this is a feeling of mental or emotion tension that you get f…
this is a stimulus that somehow causes stress in an organism.
this is an extreme reaction to a stressful or traumatic event…
this is a state of extreme sadness, stress, or anxiety.
Stress
this is a feeling of mental or emotion tension that you get f…
Stressor
this is a stimulus that somehow causes stress in an organism.
32 terms
Chapter 1: Pyschology
Psychology
Behavior
Cognitive Activities
Psychological Constructs
(soft science) is a scientific study of behavior and mental p…
something you can observe it (you can measure it) visible qua…
(Why psych/soc is considered "soft science") Occur in your he…
Agreed upon idea on something we cannot see (patience, anger,…
Psychology
(soft science) is a scientific study of behavior and mental p…
Behavior
something you can observe it (you can measure it) visible qua…
46 terms
Pyschology
The scientific Study of the Mind came…
When was psychology established?
What this an example of? Sleeping, dre…
experiences and mental structures brok…
Psychology
Late 1800's
covert behaviors
Structuralism
The scientific Study of the Mind came…
Psychology
When was psychology established?
Late 1800's
59 terms
Pyschology Unit one
Social psychology
Crowds
Groups
Group dynamics
scientifically studies how we think about, influence, and rel…
Refers to large gatherings of people who do not necessarily k…
Refers to collections of people who know and communicate with…
Psychological processes involving communication, conflict, an…
Social psychology
scientifically studies how we think about, influence, and rel…
Crowds
Refers to large gatherings of people who do not necessarily k…
68 terms
Unit 2 Pyschology
Nervous System
Neurons
Dendrites
Soma
A network of cells that carries information to and from all p…
Specialized cells in the nervous system that receive and send…
Parts of the neuron that receive messages from other cells, "…
Part of the cell that contains the nucleus and keeps the enti…
Nervous System
A network of cells that carries information to and from all p…
Neurons
Specialized cells in the nervous system that receive and send…
chap 3 pyschology
sensory neurons
motor neurons
acetylcholine
dopomine
Neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory rece…
Nerve cells that carry commands for movement from the brain t…
A neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory and also…
Experienced as pleasure, involved in learning & attention, an…
sensory neurons
Neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory rece…
motor neurons
Nerve cells that carry commands for movement from the brain t…
153 terms
Pyschology
Actor-Observer Bias
Ageism
Aggression
Altruism
phenomenon of explaining other people's behaviors are due to…
prejudice and discrimination toward individuals based solely…
seeking to cause harm or pain to another person
humans' desire to help others even if the costs outweigh the…
Actor-Observer Bias
phenomenon of explaining other people's behaviors are due to…
Ageism
prejudice and discrimination toward individuals based solely…
23 terms
pyschology test 4
diathesis stress
pyschological disorder
ptsd symptoms
positive symptoms of schizophrenia
psychological theory that attempts to explain behavior as a p…
dysfunction in an individual that is associated with distress…
Re-experiencing the trauma through intrusive distressing reco…
positive hallucinations, delusions, racing thoughts
diathesis stress
psychological theory that attempts to explain behavior as a p…
pyschological disorder
dysfunction in an individual that is associated with distress…
83 terms
Pyschology
Oral
Anal
Phallic
Latency
Mouth, result in oral fixation
2 to 3 years old, toilet training, results in control issues
4-5 years old, learns differences between sexes, may result i…
6 to 12 years old, sexually repressed, social context restric…
Oral
Mouth, result in oral fixation
Anal
2 to 3 years old, toilet training, results in control issues
77 terms
Pyschology
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Somatic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
is the largest part of the nervous system; it includes the sp…
is the part of the nervous system that serves the limbs and o…
is the part of the peripheral nervous system that picks up st…
is the part of the peripheral nervous system that performs ta…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
is the largest part of the nervous system; it includes the sp…
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
is the part of the nervous system that serves the limbs and o…
12 terms
Intro to Pyschology
Pyschology
Goals of Pyschology
Theory
Principle
Study of scientfic behavior and menta process
EXPLAIN, PREDICT, CONTROL
Statement attempts to explain why things are the way they are
Rule of law
Pyschology
Study of scientfic behavior and menta process
Goals of Pyschology
EXPLAIN, PREDICT, CONTROL
46 terms
Pyschology Chapter 5 and 6
Learning
Pavlovian Conditioning
Unconditioned Response
Conditioned Response
After exposure to something, we are able to do something we c…
Learning
After exposure to something, we are able to do something we c…
Pavlovian Conditioning
15 terms
PYSCHOLOGY CH.7
LEARNING
THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM OF DOGS
JOHN WATSON
GENERALIZATION
is any long-lasting change in behavioral abilities or emotion…
the earliest work that led to classical conditioning theory w…
Who is most associated with "The Little Albert study," a stud…
Ritchard has been dating Kenny for two years and was very sad…
LEARNING
is any long-lasting change in behavioral abilities or emotion…
THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM OF DOGS
the earliest work that led to classical conditioning theory w…
5 terms
pyschology
3 phases of memory
verbal code
image code
chunking
encoding, storage, retrieval
word or label
detailed and distinctive
grouping items into a unit
3 phases of memory
encoding, storage, retrieval
verbal code
word or label
14 terms
Pyschology Quiz 6
Theorist who developed a pyramid or hi…
The Pyramid (STARTING WITH THE HIGHEST…
Measured by the polygraph
Four theories of motivation
Maslow
Self-actualization, Esteem, Belonging & Love, Safety, & Physi…
Respiration
Instinct, Hierarchy of needs, Cognitive, Drive reduction
Theorist who developed a pyramid or hi…
Maslow
The Pyramid (STARTING WITH THE HIGHEST…
Self-actualization, Esteem, Belonging & Love, Safety, & Physi…
45 terms
Pyschology Ch1 Terms
Applied Research
Archival Research
Basic Research
Behavioral Perspective
research that is generally conducted outside the laboratory;…
a descriptive research approach that studies existing data to…
research that typically focuses on fundamental principles and…
an approach to understanding behavior and mental processes th…
Applied Research
research that is generally conducted outside the laboratory;…
Archival Research
a descriptive research approach that studies existing data to…
43 terms
Pyschology Chapter 8
Define Encoding
Define Storage
Define Retrieval
Define Three Component Model
Getting information into the memory system by translating it…
The retention of information over time
The process of accessing information in long-term memory
Proposes that memory has three major components:... Sensory memo…
Define Encoding
Getting information into the memory system by translating it…
Define Storage
The retention of information over time
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