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Study sets matching "questions from earth science test 1"

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Study sets matching "questions from earth science test 1"

193 terms
Earth Science Notes from Test 1
Geology
historical
physical
scientific method
study of the earth
development of the earth
study of all things (minerals)
orderly logical approach that involves gathering and analyzin…
Geology
study of the earth
historical
development of the earth
18 terms
View From The Earth Test 1 Study Guide
Cycle
Moon
Orbit
Thermometer
It is a series of events that repeat over and over. The moon…
A rock satellite that orbits the Earth. It is the brightest o…
It is to move completely around another object.
It is a tool that measures how hot or cold something is. It m…
Cycle
It is a series of events that repeat over and over. The moon…
Moon
A rock satellite that orbits the Earth. It is the brightest o…
37 terms
Earth Science Test 1 Review
Hypothesis
Scientific Law
Geology
Oceanography
A tentative explanation that accounts for a set of facts and…
Generalizations of observational data that describe patterns…
The scientific study of the origin, history, and structure of…
The scientific study of the ocean, including the properties a…
Hypothesis
A tentative explanation that accounts for a set of facts and…
Scientific Law
Generalizations of observational data that describe patterns…
14 terms
Earth science test 1
matter
element
atom
compound
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A substance that cannot be broken down into other substances…
Smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an ele…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different elements
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
element
A substance that cannot be broken down into other substances…
earth science test 1
Name the three types of plate boundaries
transform boundary
divergent
convergent
transform... convergent... divergent
slide up and down ... ex San Andreas Fault
move apart... ex mid ocean ridge
move towards each other... ex himalayas
Name the three types of plate boundaries
transform... convergent... divergent
transform boundary
slide up and down ... ex San Andreas Fault
37 terms
Earth Science - Test 1
List and describe the sciences that co…
Discuss the scales of space and time i…
Discuss the nature of scientific inqui…
hypothesis vs theory
o Geology: Earth materials and the internal and external proc…
o Earth science must deal with processes and phenomena that v…
Scientists make careful observations, construct tentative ex…
a hypothesis and a theory try to explain a phenomenon. Only t…
List and describe the sciences that co…
o Geology: Earth materials and the internal and external proc…
Discuss the scales of space and time i…
o Earth science must deal with processes and phenomena that v…
87 terms
Earth Science Test 1
Presupposition
Observation
Form a question (Hypothesis)
Experimenting and testing
These things that we hold to be true which is based on things…
Something that you notice
If a student is almost laughing while typing notes in Earth S…
To test the hypothesis and see what works and doesn't
Presupposition
These things that we hold to be true which is based on things…
Observation
Something that you notice
100 terms
Earth Science Test 1
Physical Geography
Scope of Geography
geographers use
Spatial
examines the spatial attributes of earth's surface and how th…
maps, locations of countries, traffic patters, cost of gasoli…
GPS, GIS, spatial analysis, maps, field work, computer models
refers to the nature and character of physical sense
Physical Geography
examines the spatial attributes of earth's surface and how th…
Scope of Geography
maps, locations of countries, traffic patters, cost of gasoli…
38 terms
Test 1- Earth Science
Astronomy
Meteorology
Geology
Oceanography
The study of the moon, stars, and other objects beyond Earth.
Study of weather, climate and the atmosphere.
Study of Earth and materials that make up Earths surface.
Study of Earth's oceans/ water that covers 75% of Earths surf…
Astronomy
The study of the moon, stars, and other objects beyond Earth.
Meteorology
Study of weather, climate and the atmosphere.
81 terms
earth science test 1
geology
Catastrophism ( Fundamental Doctrine)
Example 1: CATASTROPHISM
Uniformitarianism
they study of earth
that earth varied landscapes had been fashion primary by grea…
a sudden and often world wide disaster of unknowable causes t…
that the physical chemical & biological laws that operate tod…
geology
they study of earth
Catastrophism ( Fundamental Doctrine)
that earth varied landscapes had been fashion primary by grea…
27 terms
Earth Science - Test 1
ecology
scientific theory
scientific method
scientific law
the study of the complex relationships between living things…
a well-tested and widely accepted explanation for a scientifi…
the organized, logical approach to scientific research and pr…
a rule that correctly describes scientific phenomenon which h…
ecology
the study of the complex relationships between living things…
scientific theory
a well-tested and widely accepted explanation for a scientifi…
28 terms
Earth Science test 1
geology
oceanography
meteorology
astronomy
study of earth
study of the ocean
study of the atmosphere, process that produce weather
study of the universe
geology
study of earth
oceanography
study of the ocean
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 1- general from worksheets
hypothesis
manipulated variable
responding variable
controlling variable
prediction about the outcome of an experiment
factor that is changed in an experiment
what you measure or observe to obtain your results
keeping all variables the same except the manipulated variable
hypothesis
prediction about the outcome of an experiment
manipulated variable
factor that is changed in an experiment
66 terms
earth science test 1
mineral
rock composition
granite
elements
naturally occuring inoganic solid possessing an orderly inter…
one or more minerals
rock made of quartz, hornblende, feldspar = combo of minerals
basic building blocks of minerals--100+ are known
mineral
naturally occuring inoganic solid possessing an orderly inter…
rock composition
one or more minerals
70 terms
Earth Science Test 1
sedimentary rock
types of biochemical sedimentary rock
3 types of earthquake scales
hypothesis vs theory vs law
rock that forms at or near the earths surface by cementing an…
limestone, dolostone, gyprock, rock salt, chert, chalk, coal
1. Magnitude scales ... A. richtor scale... B. moment - magnitude s…
hypothesis - a logical explanation based on few observations.…
sedimentary rock
rock that forms at or near the earths surface by cementing an…
types of biochemical sedimentary rock
limestone, dolostone, gyprock, rock salt, chert, chalk, coal
24 terms
earth science test 1
direct relationship
inverse relationship
cyclic
no relationship
as x increases, y increases
as x increases, y decreases
shows a pattern of increasing and decreasing y values as x in…
as x increases, y remains the same (constant)
direct relationship
as x increases, y increases
inverse relationship
as x increases, y decreases
179 terms
Earth Science Test 1
What are minerals
What is inorganic
How do we identify minerals
What is a rock's clevage
They are naturally occurring, usually solid, inorganic, more…
Not made of living things
By the chemical composition, shape of the unit cell, cleavage…
the pattern of fracturing
What are minerals
They are naturally occurring, usually solid, inorganic, more…
What is inorganic
Not made of living things
46 terms
earth science final- from exam 1
significance of the tropics of cancer/…
significance of arctic and Antarctic c…
longitude
meridian
seasons: cancer... northern most the sun reaches... Capricorn- sout…
tells who has all darkness all light and both
an angular distance east or west of a point on the earths sur…
a circle of constant longitude passing through a given place…
significance of the tropics of cancer/…
seasons: cancer... northern most the sun reaches... Capricorn- sout…
significance of arctic and Antarctic c…
tells who has all darkness all light and both
86 terms
Earth science test 1
Nicholas Copernicus believed that a __…
Our sun ____ a hydrogen burning star,…
The best estimate as to the age of the…
______ was a danish astronomer who was…
Heliocentric, circular
is, is
13.7 billion
Tycho Brahe
Nicholas Copernicus believed that a __…
Heliocentric, circular
Our sun ____ a hydrogen burning star,…
is, is
42 terms
Earth Science test 1
Catastrophism
Uniformitarianism
Law of Superposition
Unconformity
The concept that Earth was shaped by catastrophic events of a…
The concept that the processes that have shaped Earth in the…
States that new layers of rock will be deposited over the old…
A surface that represents a break in the rock record; caused…
Catastrophism
The concept that Earth was shaped by catastrophic events of a…
Uniformitarianism
The concept that the processes that have shaped Earth in the…
130 terms
Earth Science - Test 1
A heliocentric point of view.
The paths were "perfect" circles.
Very precise measurements.
The apparent movement of distant objec…
What was Nicholaus Copernicus the first to propose and develop?
What did Nicholaus Copernicus feel about the planets' orbit?
What did Tyco Brahe contribute to astronomy?
What is a parallax?
A heliocentric point of view.
What was Nicholaus Copernicus the first to propose and develop?
The paths were "perfect" circles.
What did Nicholaus Copernicus feel about the planets' orbit?
Earth Science test 1 Vocab
Mid-ocean Ridge
Magma
Ring of Fire
lava
Chain of undersea ridges extending throughout all the earths…
Naturally occurring molten rock material generated within the…
Major Basin of the pacific ocean where there are many earth q…
Molten rock that issues from a volcano or fissure.
Mid-ocean Ridge
Chain of undersea ridges extending throughout all the earths…
Magma
Naturally occurring molten rock material generated within the…
178 terms
Earth Science Test 1
environmental science
system
global earth systems
ecosystem
an interdisciplinary study of human relationships with organi…
set of components that interact and function as a whole, diff…
climate, atmosphere, land, costal zones, ocean
a natural system consisting of a community of organisms and i…
environmental science
an interdisciplinary study of human relationships with organi…
system
set of components that interact and function as a whole, diff…
92 terms
Earth science Test 1
Universe Age
Galaxies contain
Star size
Super Nova
14 billion years old
billions of stars and solar system
Small=Red... Big=Blue
The death of a large star by explosion
Universe Age
14 billion years old
Galaxies contain
billions of stars and solar system
19 terms
Earth Science Test 1
Radiation
Convection
Conduction
Heat
the transfer of thermal energy by electro magnetic waves
the transfer of thermal energy by the movement of heated mate…
the transfer of thermal energy between objects when their ato…
the transfer of thermal energy from a place of hight temperat…
Radiation
the transfer of thermal energy by electro magnetic waves
Convection
the transfer of thermal energy by the movement of heated mate…
60 terms
Earth Science Test 1
four branches of earth science
historical geology
physical geology
father of modern geology
geology, astronomy, meteorology
the study of ancient past things we have not witnessed in the…
what we can observe
James Hutton
four branches of earth science
geology, astronomy, meteorology
historical geology
the study of ancient past things we have not witnessed in the…
37 terms
Earth Science Test 1
geology
astronomy
meteorology
oceanography
the study of the materials that make up Earth and the process…
the study of objects beyond Earth's atmosphere
the study of the air that surrounds the plant and what forces…
the study of Earth's oceans
geology
the study of the materials that make up Earth and the process…
astronomy
the study of objects beyond Earth's atmosphere
63 terms
Earth science test 1
what is an observation
if you can ___ _________,_________,___…
An inference is
and inference is what you ___________…
is the perception of some aspects of the environment by one o…
see, hear, touch, taste, smell
an interpretation of an observation.
think
what is an observation
is the perception of some aspects of the environment by one o…
if you can ___ _________,_________,___…
see, hear, touch, taste, smell
45 terms
Earth Science Test 1
Talc
Gypsum
Calcite
Fluorite
Mineral- the softest mineral in a scale of hardness. has a pe…
Mineral- (variety of Selenite) Part of a large, transparent c…
Mineral- (variety of Iceland Spar) When struck with a hammer…
Mineral- Number 4 in the hardness scale. Beautiful green and…
Talc
Mineral- the softest mineral in a scale of hardness. has a pe…
Gypsum
Mineral- (variety of Selenite) Part of a large, transparent c…
78 terms
Earth Science Test 1
fracture
quartz
homogenous; heavy metals
Venus
Tendency for a mineral to break with rough or jagged edges.
A common mineral that breaks with rough or jagged edges.
The earth is believed to have been _________ at first, then _…
Due to an overabundance of heat, _________ did not have seas…
fracture
Tendency for a mineral to break with rough or jagged edges.
quartz
A common mineral that breaks with rough or jagged edges.
41 terms
Earth Science - Test 1
Name 3 events that affect weather from…
List geographical features that affect…
atmosphere
Atmosphere is made up of what gases
Creation, the Fall of Man and the flood
oceans, lakes, mountains, deserts, latitude, alititude
the layers of gas that surround the planet
Nitrogen (78%) Oxygen (21%)
Name 3 events that affect weather from…
Creation, the Fall of Man and the flood
List geographical features that affect…
oceans, lakes, mountains, deserts, latitude, alititude
90 terms
Earth Science, Test 1
Who used philosophical arguments and o…
What kind of view did the ancient gree…
What does geocentric mean?
Geocentric was most famously discovere…
Ancient Greeks
Geocentric
Earth-centered
Aristotle (384-322 BC) and Ptolemy, adopted as Church doctrin…
Who used philosophical arguments and o…
Ancient Greeks
What kind of view did the ancient gree…
Geocentric
8 terms
Earth Science - 9.1 (Energy from the Sun)
atmosphere
troposphere
stratosphere
mesosphere
A mixture of gases that surrounds the earth
0-17 km above Earth's surface, site of weather, organisms, co…
12 to 50 km, Ozone held here, absorbs UV radiation
50 to 80 km, most meteorites burn up here
atmosphere
A mixture of gases that surrounds the earth
troposphere
0-17 km above Earth's surface, site of weather, organisms, co…
73 terms
Earth Science Quarter Test 1
Atmosphere
Contour line
Contour Interval
Coordinate System
The thin shell of gases bound to the Earth by gravity; it con…
a line on a topographic map that connects points having the s…
the difference in elevation between two adjacent contour lines.
A system for assigning two numbers to every point on a surface
Atmosphere
The thin shell of gases bound to the Earth by gravity; it con…
Contour line
a line on a topographic map that connects points having the s…
8 terms
Science-Materials From the Earth
Matter
Particle
Melting
Boiling
Substance solid liquid or gas
Small piece of matter
Solid melts into a liquid
Liquid to gas
Matter
Substance solid liquid or gas
Particle
Small piece of matter
97 terms
Earth Science Test 1
Atomic Number
Atomic Mass
Types of Bonds
Parts of an Atom
Number of Protons, Equivalent to the number of element on the…
Protons plus Neutrons
Ionic, Covalent, Hydrogen, Metallic
Protons, Electrons, Neutrons
Atomic Number
Number of Protons, Equivalent to the number of element on the…
Atomic Mass
Protons plus Neutrons
74 terms
Earth Science - Test 1
Limitations of Science
Observation
Experiment
Hypothesis
Anything beyond the limits of our senses and the instruments…
description of natural phenomena under uncontrolled conditions
description of natural phenomena under controlled conditions
an explanation of a natural phenomenon; a to be tested genera…
Limitations of Science
Anything beyond the limits of our senses and the instruments…
Observation
description of natural phenomena under uncontrolled conditions
16 terms
Science from Earth Notes
The 4 layers of the planet in order
Outer layer of earth
How many layers are there
What is the thickest layer?
Crust, mantle, inner core, outer core
Crust
4
mantle
The 4 layers of the planet in order
Crust, mantle, inner core, outer core
Outer layer of earth
Crust
25 terms
Earth Science Test 1
Earth Science
Science
Scientific Method
Scientific inquiry
Study of our home planet and all of its components; The name…
A path to gaining knowledge about the natural world
A series of steps that help to investigate a question
A procedure that has characterized natural science consisting…
Earth Science
Study of our home planet and all of its components; The name…
Science
A path to gaining knowledge about the natural world
44 terms
Earth Science test 1
1.1Geology-The Science of Earth
1.4 Earths Spheres
1.6 Early evolution of Earth
1.7 Earths internal structure
Geologists study the earth. Physical geologists focus on the…
Imagine a volcano (part of the geosphere) geosphere) erupted…
The inner planets are made of denser matter and are "Rocky" a…
Compositionally, the solid Earth has three layers: core, mant…
1.1Geology-The Science of Earth
Geologists study the earth. Physical geologists focus on the…
1.4 Earths Spheres
Imagine a volcano (part of the geosphere) geosphere) erupted…
22 terms
Earth Science Test 1
matter
element
nucleus
proton
anything that has volume and mass
substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
made up of protons and neutrons
tiny particle that has mass and a positive electric charge
matter
anything that has volume and mass
element
substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
36 terms
Earth Science Test 1
Density
mass
volume
Geosphere
how much mass is packed into an object
how heavy something is
how much space there is in a 3-D object
the ground (has three main parts: a metal core, solid middle…
Density
how much mass is packed into an object
mass
how heavy something is
10 terms
Earth science test1
Observation
Inference
Scientific notation
Rate of change
Using your senses
Make a conclusion based on an observation
A shorthand way of working with very large or very small numb…
Something changed over time
Observation
Using your senses
Inference
Make a conclusion based on an observation
28 terms
Earth Science Test 1
Hydrosphere
Atmosphere
Geosphere
Biosphere
Water
Air
Earth
All life
Hydrosphere
Water
Atmosphere
Air
16 terms
Earth Science test 1
Geology
oceanography
meterology
astronomy
study of earth
study of water
study of weather and atmosphere
study of the universe
Geology
study of earth
oceanography
study of water
Earth Science Test 1
Supernova
Lithosphere
Big Bang
Ice Age
An exploding star
Thin, brittle, rocky, outer layer of the earth
Event that created all matter and energy in the universe
Geologic age when global climate was cool and much of North A…
Supernova
An exploding star
Lithosphere
Thin, brittle, rocky, outer layer of the earth
28 terms
Earth Science Test 1
Geogolgy
Branches
Meteorology
Climatology
Study of earths solid material and structures as well as the…
Mineralogy... Planetary geology ... Seismology ... Paleontology
Study of weather patterns, clouds, hurricanes and tornadoes
Study of the atmosphere to better understand climate changes
Geogolgy
Study of earths solid material and structures as well as the…
Branches
Mineralogy... Planetary geology ... Seismology ... Paleontology
26 terms
Earth Science Test 1
Geology
Astronomy
Meteorology
Oceanography
Study of the earths surface and interior
Study of the universe
Study of he earths atmosphere
Study of oceans
Geology
Study of the earths surface and interior
Astronomy
Study of the universe
47 terms
Earth Science Test 1
model
factor
experiment
control
a symbolic representation of an idea, system, or structure to…
a condition that affects the outcome of an event
An organized procedure to study something under controlled co…
In an experiment, the standard that is used for comparison
model
a symbolic representation of an idea, system, or structure to…
factor
a condition that affects the outcome of an event
112 terms
Earth Science Test 1
4 Subfields
Global Environments
Study of Universe
Philosophical Assumptions
Astronomy, Geology, Meteorology, Oceanography
Biosphere, Lithosphere, Atmosphere, Geosphere
Cosmology
Nature is... uniform and intelligible, methodical naturalism
4 Subfields
Astronomy, Geology, Meteorology, Oceanography
Global Environments
Biosphere, Lithosphere, Atmosphere, Geosphere
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