Study sets matching "quiz 1 pharmacology chapter 4"

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Study sets matching "quiz 1 pharmacology chapter 4"

44 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 4
what type of drug is diphenhydramine?…
what are side effects of diphenhydrami…
what are the two divisions of the ANS?
similarities between the sympathetic a…
antihistamine... - reduces symptoms of allergic responses
- blurry vision... - dry mouth... - sedation (also because it can c…
- sympathetic (thoracolumnar)... - parasympathetic (craniosacral)
- there are always two neurons in a series from the spinal co…
what type of drug is diphenhydramine?…
antihistamine... - reduces symptoms of allergic responses
what are side effects of diphenhydrami…
- blurry vision... - dry mouth... - sedation (also because it can c…
143 terms
Chapter 4 - Pharmacology
The CNS is composed of what?
What is the peripheral nervous system…
What is the peripheral nervous system…
What is the fundamental unit of all br…
Spinal cord and brain
Afferent and Efferent portions
Somatic and autonomic nervous system
Neuron
The CNS is composed of what?
Spinal cord and brain
What is the peripheral nervous system…
Afferent and Efferent portions
Chapter 4/pharmacology
Absorption
Affinity
Blood-brain barrier
Conjugates
the process of moving a drug from site of administration acro…
chemical attraction that impels certain molecules to unite wi…
anatomical structure that prevents certain substances from ga…
side chains that, during metabolism, make drugs more water so…
Absorption
the process of moving a drug from site of administration acro…
Affinity
chemical attraction that impels certain molecules to unite wi…
Pharmacology chapter 4 pharmacokinetics
Pharmacokinetics
4 Basic pharmacokenetic processes
Absorption
Distribution
Study of drug movement throughout the body. Includes drug met…
1. Absorption... 2. Distribution... 3. Metabolism... 4. Excretion
The movement of a drug from its side of administration into t…
Drug movement from the blood to the interstitial space of tis…
Pharmacokinetics
Study of drug movement throughout the body. Includes drug met…
4 Basic pharmacokenetic processes
1. Absorption... 2. Distribution... 3. Metabolism... 4. Excretion
88 terms
Pharmacology: Chapter 4
phamacokinetics
absorption... distribution... biotransformat…
passive diffusion... facilitated diffusio…
passive diffusion
physiological movement of drugs
Four steps of pharmacokinetics
What are the four basic mechanisms that allow drugs to move a…
____ is the pharmacokinetic movement of particles from an are…
phamacokinetics
physiological movement of drugs
absorption... distribution... biotransformat…
Four steps of pharmacokinetics
23 terms
Pharmacology- Chapter 4 Key Terms
Bias
Black box warning
Blinded investigational drug study
Controlled Substances
any systematic error in a measurement process. One common eff…
a type of warning that appears in a drug's prescribing inform…
a research design in which the subjects are purposely unaware…
Any drugs listed on one of the schedules of the controlled su…
Bias
any systematic error in a measurement process. One common eff…
Black box warning
a type of warning that appears in a drug's prescribing inform…
27 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 4
Acetylcholine
Bethanachol
Carbachol
Pilocarpine
DIRECT CHOLINERGIC AGONIST... not a drug... cannot penetrate membra…
DIRECT CHOLINERGIC AGONIST... smooth musculature of the GI tract…
DIRECT CHOLINERGIC AGONIST... EYE SURGERY... profound effects on ca…
DIRECT CHOLINERGIC AGONIST... GLAUCOMA... MIOSIS (constriction)... mak…
Acetylcholine
DIRECT CHOLINERGIC AGONIST... not a drug... cannot penetrate membra…
Bethanachol
DIRECT CHOLINERGIC AGONIST... smooth musculature of the GI tract…
Pharmacology chapter 4 (CNS stimulants)
Analeptics
Anorexiants
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Narcolepsy
Drugs that stimulate respiratory center
Drugs used to suppress the appetite
A disorder manifested by a short attention span, hyperactivit…
Disorder causing an uncontrollable desire to sleep during nor…
Analeptics
Drugs that stimulate respiratory center
Anorexiants
Drugs used to suppress the appetite
Pharmacology Chapter 4
Glass tube containing a drug; the tube…
Inert fluid (such as saline) used to m…
Degree to which a drug is able to prod…
Time it takes for 50% of the drug to b…
carpule
diluent
efficacy (of a drug)
half-life
Glass tube containing a drug; the tube…
carpule
Inert fluid (such as saline) used to m…
diluent
57 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 4
What term describes a glass container…
Which injectable drug form provides th…
When a drug is suspended in solutionn…
A liquid form of medication that must…
ampule
intravenous
enema solution
suspension
What term describes a glass container…
ampule
Which injectable drug form provides th…
intravenous
25 terms
Chapter 4, Introduction to Pharmacology
absorption
agonists
antagonists
bioavailability
movement of a drug from its site of administration across one…
drug capable of binding with receptors and causing a cellular…
a drug that block the responses of agonists, also called bloc…
how much of a drug available after administered to produce a…
absorption
movement of a drug from its site of administration across one…
agonists
drug capable of binding with receptors and causing a cellular…
134 terms
Chapter 4 Pharmacology and Anesthesia
The prefix that designates 1000 times…
The basic unit of measurement for weig…
The number of milliliters in an once is:
The number of milliliters in a cup is:
Kilo
Gram
30
240
The prefix that designates 1000 times…
Kilo
The basic unit of measurement for weig…
Gram
10 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 4
A new graduate nurse, who is preparing…
The nurse is preparing to give a medic…
The nurse is administering warfarin, a…
A nurse prepares to administer acetami…
Correct: B... To move through the body, drugs must cross membran…
Correct: B... Cell membranes are composed of lipids; therefore,…
Correct: A... Warfarin is an anticoagulant with a high affinity…
Correct: A... A liquid does not have to dissolve first to allow…
A new graduate nurse, who is preparing…
Correct: B... To move through the body, drugs must cross membran…
The nurse is preparing to give a medic…
Correct: B... Cell membranes are composed of lipids; therefore,…
Pharmacology: Chapter 4
True or False: One aspect of pharmacot…
Absorption
Distribution
Metabolism
True. Pharmacotherapeutics is the study of desired therapeuti…
The movement of the drug from the site of administration into…
The movement of the drug into the cells.
The conversion of the drug into another substance or substanc…
True or False: One aspect of pharmacot…
True. Pharmacotherapeutics is the study of desired therapeuti…
Absorption
The movement of the drug from the site of administration into…
63 terms
Chapter 4/pharmacology
Absorption
Affinity
Blood-brain barrier
Conjugates
the process of moving a drug across body membranes
chemical attraction that impels certain molecules to unite wi…
anatomical structure that prevents certain substances from ga…
side chains that, during metabolism, make drugs more water so…
Absorption
the process of moving a drug across body membranes
Affinity
chemical attraction that impels certain molecules to unite wi…
Pharmacology Chapter 4
Pharmacokinetics
Dissolution
Active transport
Cotransport
study of how drugs are handled by the body
dissolving of a tablet or capsule form of a drug
this is movement of a chemical against a concentration gradie…
the movement of one or more chemicals across a membrane
Pharmacokinetics
study of how drugs are handled by the body
Dissolution
dissolving of a tablet or capsule form of a drug
60 terms
Pharmacology chapter 4
Bacteria
Infection
Sulfonamide
Aerobic and Anaerobic
are single-celled orgenisms that occur in almost all environm…
when bacteria penetrate body tissues, they sometimes establis…
the first true antibiotic was discovered 1936
two types of bacterias
Bacteria
are single-celled orgenisms that occur in almost all environm…
Infection
when bacteria penetrate body tissues, they sometimes establis…
143 terms
Chapter 4 - Pharmacology
The CNS is composed of what?
What is the peripheral nervous system…
What is the peripheral nervous system…
What is the fundamental unit of all br…
Spinal cord and brain
Afferent and Efferent portions
Somatic and autonomic nervous system
Neuron
The CNS is composed of what?
Spinal cord and brain
What is the peripheral nervous system…
Afferent and Efferent portions
72 terms
Chapter 4 pharmacology notes
a systematic error in a measurement pr…
black box warning
double Blind study
controlled substances
bias
FDA warnings on drug labels
study where neither the investigators nor patient who has the…
listed drugs on schedule of drugs in the Controlled Substance…
a systematic error in a measurement pr…
bias
black box warning
FDA warnings on drug labels
30 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 4
Amoxicillin
Amoxicillin/Clavulanate
Cephalexin
Ceftriaxone
"Amoxil"... Penicillins (Antibiotics)
"Augmentin"... Penicillin/Beta-Lactamase Inhbitor
"Keflex"... 1st gen Cephalosporin (Antibiotics)
"Rocephin"... 3rd gen Cephalosporin (Antibiotics)
Amoxicillin
"Amoxil"... Penicillins (Antibiotics)
Amoxicillin/Clavulanate
"Augmentin"... Penicillin/Beta-Lactamase Inhbitor
9 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 4
A _____________ order is a medication…
In the ______ ___________ step the nur…
A ______ _________ identifies problems…
__________ ____________ occurs when th…
A single order
Nursing diagnosis
Nursing diagnosis
Deficient knowledge
A _____________ order is a medication…
A single order
In the ______ ___________ step the nur…
Nursing diagnosis
Pharmacology Chapter 4
Capsule
Drug Form
Elixir
Enema
a special container made of gelatin sized for a single dose o…
the type of preparation in which a drug is supplied
a usually sweetened, aromatic liquid used in the compounding…
the introduction of a solution into the rectum and colon to s…
Capsule
a special container made of gelatin sized for a single dose o…
Drug Form
the type of preparation in which a drug is supplied
Pharmacology: Chapter 4
Four Components of Pharmacokinetics
Absorption
Distribution
Metabolism
Absorption... Distribution... Metabolism... Excretion
-A process involving the movement of a substance from its sit…
-Involves the transport of drugs throughout the body.... -The si…
-The process of chemically converting a drug to a form that i…
Four Components of Pharmacokinetics
Absorption... Distribution... Metabolism... Excretion
Absorption
-A process involving the movement of a substance from its sit…
Pharmacology Chapter 4
nursing process
nursing classification systems
multidisciplinary team
assessment; nursing diagnosis; plannin…
foundation for the clinical practice of nursing; framework fo…
designed to provide a standardized language for reporting and…
provide valuable clinical expertise, a holistic approach, and…
five step nursing education model
nursing process
foundation for the clinical practice of nursing; framework fo…
nursing classification systems
designed to provide a standardized language for reporting and…
Pharmacology Chapter 4
Pharmacokinetic
Absorption
Distribution
Metabolism
The study of drug movement throughout the body. (absorption,…
The movement of a drug from its site of administration into t…
Drug movement from the blood to the interstitial space of tis…
Also known as biotransformation, is the enzymatically mediate…
Pharmacokinetic
The study of drug movement throughout the body. (absorption,…
Absorption
The movement of a drug from its site of administration into t…
24 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 4
Additive effect
Adverse drug reaction
Antagonistic effects
Drug incompatibility
When two drugs with similar action are administered, the drug…
Undesireable drug effect that ranges from mild untoward effec…
When two drugs that have opposite effects are administered to…
Chemical or physical reaction that occurs among two or more d…
Additive effect
When two drugs with similar action are administered, the drug…
Adverse drug reaction
Undesireable drug effect that ranges from mild untoward effec…
Pharmacology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
black box warning
blinded investigational drug study
controlled substances
double-blind investigational drug study
a type of warning that appears in a drug's prescribing inform…
a research design in which the subjects are purposely unaware…
any drugs listed on one of the "schedules" of the controlled…
a research study in which both the investigators and the subj…
black box warning
a type of warning that appears in a drug's prescribing inform…
blinded investigational drug study
a research design in which the subjects are purposely unaware…
49 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 4- Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacokinetics
What are the pharmacokinetic processes?
Absorption
Factors effecting drug absorption
How the body acts on the drugs that are administered to it
1) Absorption... 2) Distribution... 3) Metabolism... 4) Excretion
Movement of a drug from its site of administration into the b…
1) Rate of dissolution- some tablets come apart quickly, othe…
Pharmacokinetics
How the body acts on the drugs that are administered to it
What are the pharmacokinetic processes?
1) Absorption... 2) Distribution... 3) Metabolism... 4) Excretion
PHARMACOLOGY 1 (CHAPTER 4)
xenobiotics
liver
microsomes
mixed function oxidases (MFO) or monoo…
substances absorbed across the lungs or skin or, more commonl…
principal organ of drug metabolism
lamellar membranes isolated by homogenization and fractionati…
enzyme of smooth microsome that is responsible for oxidative…
xenobiotics
substances absorbed across the lungs or skin or, more commonl…
liver
principal organ of drug metabolism
39 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 4 Nursing
Over The Counter drugs
drug interaction
Adverse drug reaction
Pharmacokinetics
Drugs are obtainable without a prescription
is defined as an altered or modified action or effect of a dr…
is an undesirable drug effect that ranges from mild untoward…
changes that occur in the absorption, distribution, metabolis…
Over The Counter drugs
Drugs are obtainable without a prescription
drug interaction
is defined as an altered or modified action or effect of a dr…
Pharmacology - Chapter 4
Bias
black box warning
blinded investigational drug study
controlled substances
any systematic error in a measurement process. one common eff…
a type of warning that appears in a drugs prescribing informa…
a research design in which the subjects are purposely unaware…
any drugs listed on one of the "schedules" of the controlled…
Bias
any systematic error in a measurement process. one common eff…
black box warning
a type of warning that appears in a drugs prescribing informa…
Pharmacology- Chapter 4 vocab
black box warning
controlled substances
drug polymorphism
over the counter drugs
a type of warning that appears in a drugs prescribing informa…
any drugs listed on one of the "schedules" of the controlled…
variation in response to a drug because of a patients age, ge…
drugs available to consumers without a prescription.
black box warning
a type of warning that appears in a drugs prescribing informa…
controlled substances
any drugs listed on one of the "schedules" of the controlled…
Pharmacology chapter 4
Pharmacokinetics
Processes of pharmacokinetics
Absorption
Rate of dissolution
study of drug movement throughout the body. How the body deal…
Absorption.... Distribution.... Metabolism.... Excretion.
is a process involving the movement of a substance from its s…
It determines how quickly the drug disintegrates and disperse…
Pharmacokinetics
study of drug movement throughout the body. How the body deal…
Processes of pharmacokinetics
Absorption.... Distribution.... Metabolism.... Excretion.
Pharmacology 1 - Chapter 4
List the responsibilities of the nurse…
Explain what is involved in each step…
assessment
nursing diagnosis
-Nurses are assuming increasing responsibilities that involve…
...
information gathering regarding the current status of a parti…
statement of an actual or potential problem, based on the ass…
List the responsibilities of the nurse…
-Nurses are assuming increasing responsibilities that involve…
Explain what is involved in each step…
...
chapter 4 Pharmacology
Sympathetic
Parasympathetic
Anticholinergics produce
afferent
Stress... Flight or flight
peace... rest and digest
xerostomoa
sensory
Sympathetic
Stress... Flight or flight
Parasympathetic
peace... rest and digest
32 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 4
Absorption
Absorption across the mucosal lining o…
The rate of absorption determines...
The amount of absorption determines...
the movement of a drug from the administration site into the…
passive transport, active transport, or pinocytosis.
how SOON effects will begin
how INTENSE effects will be
Absorption
the movement of a drug from the administration site into the…
Absorption across the mucosal lining o…
passive transport, active transport, or pinocytosis.
Pharmacology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Assessment
Evaluation
Implementation
Nursing
Information gathering regarding the current status of a parti…
Part of the nursing process; determining the effects of the i…
Actions undertaken to meet a patient's needs such as administ…
The art of nurturing and administering to the sick, combined…
Assessment
Information gathering regarding the current status of a parti…
Evaluation
Part of the nursing process; determining the effects of the i…
25 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 4 vocab
Absorption
Affinity
Blood brain barrier
Conjugates
The n process of moving a drug across body membranes
Chemical attraction that impels certain molecules to unite wi…
Anatomical structure that prevents certain substances from ga…
Side chains that, during metabolism, make drugs more water so…
Absorption
The n process of moving a drug across body membranes
Affinity
Chemical attraction that impels certain molecules to unite wi…
48 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 4
Pharmacokinetics
Four basic phases of pharmacokinetics
Three ways to cross a cell membrane
Channels and pores
is the study of drug movement throughout the body
1) absorption... 2) distribution... 3) metabolism... 4) excretion
1) channels and pores... 2) transport systems... 3) direct penetrat…
very few drugs can use these, extremely small and specific... Co…
Pharmacokinetics
is the study of drug movement throughout the body
Four basic phases of pharmacokinetics
1) absorption... 2) distribution... 3) metabolism... 4) excretion
Pharmacology Vocabulary: Chapter 4
Agonist
Antagonist
Dose
Efficacy
a drug that activates a receptor and produces the same type o…
competes with the agonist for receptor binding sites
response relationship - the drug dose verses the intensity or…
the maximum response that can be produced from a drug
Agonist
a drug that activates a receptor and produces the same type o…
Antagonist
competes with the agonist for receptor binding sites
Pharmacology Chapter 4
Bias
Black box warning
Blinded investigational drug study
Controlled substances
Any systematic error in a measurement process
A type of warning that appears in a drug's prescribing inform…
A research design in which the subjects are purposely unaware…
Any drugs listed on one of the "schedules" of the Controlled…
Bias
Any systematic error in a measurement process
Black box warning
A type of warning that appears in a drug's prescribing inform…
Pharmacology Chapter 4
Bias
Black Box Warning
Blinded Investigational Drug Study
Controlled Substances (schedule drugs)
systemic error in a measurement process. Blinded study design…
warning to alert prescribers of serious adverse events that h…
subjects are purposely unaware of whether receiving drug or p…
drugs listed on one of the schedules of Controlled Substance…
Bias
systemic error in a measurement process. Blinded study design…
Black Box Warning
warning to alert prescribers of serious adverse events that h…
76 terms
pharmacology chapter 4
excitatory
inhibitory
neurons and glial cells
neurons
positive charge... increases firing
negative charge... decreases firing
two main types of nerves
nerves responsible for receiving sensory information from out…
excitatory
positive charge... increases firing
inhibitory
negative charge... decreases firing
18 terms
Pharmacology chapter 4
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacokinetics: processes
Three ways to cross a cell membrane
Channels and pores
-the study of drug movement throughout the body.... -maximise be…
-absorption... -distribution... -metabolism... -excretion... -all of thes…
-passge through channels or pores.... -passge with the aid of a…
-very few drugs use this method because channels are very sma…
Pharmacokinetics
-the study of drug movement throughout the body.... -maximise be…
Pharmacokinetics: processes
-absorption... -distribution... -metabolism... -excretion... -all of thes…
63 terms
Chapter 4/pharmacology
Absorption
Affinity
Blood-brain barrier
Conjugates
the process of moving a drug across body membranes
chemical attraction that impels certain molecules to unite wi…
anatomical structure that prevents certain substances from ga…
side chains that, during metabolism, make drugs more water so…
Absorption
the process of moving a drug across body membranes
Affinity
chemical attraction that impels certain molecules to unite wi…
79 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 4
First-Pass Effect
Enterohepatic
Absorption organs
Distribution organs
Metabolize before absorption... Nitroglycerin sublingual
Drug absorbed into bile -> bile gets filtered and process sta…
Involves GI tract/blood/other sites of administration
Involves blood
First-Pass Effect
Metabolize before absorption... Nitroglycerin sublingual
Enterohepatic
Drug absorbed into bile -> bile gets filtered and process sta…
74 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 4
What are the 2 divisions of the autono…
The PANS and SANS divisions of the ANS…
Which ANS division is concerned with c…
Both digestion and intestinal tract mo…
1. Parasympathetic autonomic nervous system (PANS)... 2. Sympath…
opposite
PANS
PANS
What are the 2 divisions of the autono…
1. Parasympathetic autonomic nervous system (PANS)... 2. Sympath…
The PANS and SANS divisions of the ANS…
opposite
84 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 4 Terms
Ampule
Capsule
Conversion of units
Drug form
Glass container with drug for injection; must be broken at th…
A special container made of gelatin sized for a single dose o…
Changing from one system of measurement to another.
The type of preparation in which a drug is supplied.
Ampule
Glass container with drug for injection; must be broken at th…
Capsule
A special container made of gelatin sized for a single dose o…
Pharmacology chapter 4 -
autonomic nervous system is composed of
post ganglionic
pre ganglionic
parasympathetic is composed of
sympathetic and para sympathetic
nerves after the ganglion
nerve before the ganglion
3 nerve( oculomotor) eyes... 7 nerve( facial) facial ... 9 nerve(gl…
autonomic nervous system is composed of
sympathetic and para sympathetic
post ganglionic
nerves after the ganglion
Pharmacology chapter 4 autonomic drugs
The autonomic nervous system is split…
The neurotransmitter released from the…
Acetylcholine is also termed...
A drug that acts at a location where a…
The parasympathetic (PANS= rest) and sympathetic (SANS= fight)
Acetylcholine
Cholinergic (adjective)
Cholinergic
The autonomic nervous system is split…
The parasympathetic (PANS= rest) and sympathetic (SANS= fight)
The neurotransmitter released from the…
Acetylcholine
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