Study sets matching "quiz 9 earth science earth's surface"

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Study sets matching "quiz 9 earth science earth's surface"

5 terms
Earth Science Earth's Surface
Mineral
silicate
crystallization
magma
Basic building blocks of rocks they are composed of elements…
Any one of numerous minerals that have the oxygen and silicon…
2. a process when minerals form which molecules and/or ions c…
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface... A molten mixture of r…
Mineral
Basic building blocks of rocks they are composed of elements…
silicate
Any one of numerous minerals that have the oxygen and silicon…
36 terms
Earth Science Sculpting Earth's Surface
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Chemical Weathering
Frost wedging
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
The process in which rock is broken down by changes in its ch…
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Mechanical Weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
30 terms
Science-Chapter 9-Changes in Earth's Surface
Natural features of the earth's surface
Describe how the Earth's surface changes
What causes the Earth's surface to con…
process of breaking the Earth's crust…
landform
constantly
weathering
weathering
Natural features of the earth's surface
landform
Describe how the Earth's surface changes
constantly
9 terms
Science Ch. 9 Changes to Earth's Surface
landform
weathering
erosion
deposition
natural features that cover Earth's surface
breaking down of Earth's crust by physical or chemical means
a process of carrying away loose materials on Earth's surface…
the laying down of pieces of rock
landform
natural features that cover Earth's surface
weathering
breaking down of Earth's crust by physical or chemical means
20 terms
Earth Science Ch 9 Changing Earth's Surface
deposition
gravity
mass movement
runoff
process in which sediment is laid down in new locations
a force that moves rocks and other materials downhill
processes can be slow or rapid and moves sediment downhill; e…
water that moves over the ground surface rather than soaking…
deposition
process in which sediment is laid down in new locations
gravity
a force that moves rocks and other materials downhill
17 terms
Science - Chapter 9: Changes to Earth's Surface
volcano
earthquake
landform
glacier
a mountain made of lava, ash, or other materials from eruption
a movement of the ground cause by a sudden release of energy…
a natural land shape or feature
a large thick sheet of ice
volcano
a mountain made of lava, ash, or other materials from eruption
earthquake
a movement of the ground cause by a sudden release of energy…
37 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary--Changes to Earth's Surface
landform
mountain
canyon
plain
a natural land shape or feature on Earth's surface
Is a landform that is higher than the land around it.
a valley with steep walls
large, flat landform
landform
a natural land shape or feature on Earth's surface
mountain
Is a landform that is higher than the land around it.
24 terms
Science - Earth's Surface
Streak
Mineral
Luster
Igneous
the color of a mineral in its powdered form.
a nonliving, naturally occurring solid that has its own regul…
the way a mineral's surface reflects light.
..rocks that form when melted rock cools and hardens.
Streak
the color of a mineral in its powdered form.
Mineral
a nonliving, naturally occurring solid that has its own regul…
19 terms
Science - Earth's Surface
Weathering
Erosion
Uniformitarianism
Mechanical Weathering
Chemical or physical process that breaks down rocks into smal…
(geology) The mechanical process of wearing or grinding somet…
A principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
Weathering
Chemical or physical process that breaks down rocks into smal…
Erosion
(geology) The mechanical process of wearing or grinding somet…
Science Earth's Surface
Rock
Boulder
Pebble
Clay
A hard non-living object that comes from the ground
A very large Rock
A very small rock
Holds more water than sand
Rock
A hard non-living object that comes from the ground
Boulder
A very large Rock
Schulz Science/Earth's Surface
Earth's surface is constantly ________…
erosion
weathering
channels
changing
the moving of rocks and soil by water, wind, ice, gravity, pl…
the breaking down or wearing away of rocks by water or wind
cuts in the ground made by moving water, such as a river or s…
Earth's surface is constantly ________…
changing
erosion
the moving of rocks and soil by water, wind, ice, gravity, pl…
Science chapter 9 Changes to Earth's Surface
landform
topography
glacier
sand dune
A natural land shape or feature
All the kinds of landforms in a certain place
A large, thick sheet of ice
A hill of sand, made and shaped by wind
landform
A natural land shape or feature
topography
All the kinds of landforms in a certain place
23 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary--Changes to Earth's Surface
landform
mountain
valley
canyon
a natural feature on Earth's surface
an area that is higher than the land around it
lower area with higher land around it
a valley with steep walls
landform
a natural feature on Earth's surface
mountain
an area that is higher than the land around it
Science Chapter 9-Changes to Earth's Surface
glacier
earthquake
volcano
magma
a large, thick sheet of ice
a movement of the ground caused by a sudden release of energy…
a mountain made of lava, ash, or other materials from eruptio…
molten rock under Earth's surface
glacier
a large, thick sheet of ice
earthquake
a movement of the ground caused by a sudden release of energy…
23 terms
Science Chapter 9 - Earth's Changing Surface
Harbors and Inlets
Igneous Rock
Mantle and Core
Streak of a mineral
Formed due to areas of shoreline eroding more quickly than ot…
Can be identified by its visible crystals
Scientists can learn about this by studying material that is…
can be determined by rubbing the object on a hard, white surf…
Harbors and Inlets
Formed due to areas of shoreline eroding more quickly than ot…
Igneous Rock
Can be identified by its visible crystals
Science Earth's Surface
Temperature change, Pressure change, W…
Desert regions, because they have the…
Water collects in cracks in rock, rock…
the wearing away of rock by mechanical…
Name the 6 causes of physical weathering.
Where would physical weathering from temperature changes be m…
Explain ice wedging.
Explain abrasion.
Temperature change, Pressure change, W…
Name the 6 causes of physical weathering.
Desert regions, because they have the…
Where would physical weathering from temperature changes be m…
43 terms
Earth Science: Mapping Earth's Surface
topography
elevation
map
globe
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
height above sea level
a flat model of all or part of Earth's surface as seen from a…
a sphere that represents Earth's entire surface
topography
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
elevation
height above sea level
23 terms
Science Chapter 9 - Earth's Changing Surface
Harbors and Inlets
Igneous Rock
Mantle and Core
Streak of a mineral
Formed due to areas of shoreline eroding more quickly than ot…
Can be identified by its visible crystals
Scientists can learn about this by studying material that is…
can be determined by rubbing the object on a hard, white surf…
Harbors and Inlets
Formed due to areas of shoreline eroding more quickly than ot…
Igneous Rock
Can be identified by its visible crystals
46 terms
Science-Earth's Surface
weathering
physical weathering
chemical weathering
erosion
The process that breaks down rock into small pieces
Impacts, temperature changes, and ice expanding in cracks bre…
when rock's composition is broken down and changed
pieces of weathered rock are moved from place to place
weathering
The process that breaks down rock into small pieces
physical weathering
Impacts, temperature changes, and ice expanding in cracks bre…
16 terms
Science Earth's Surface
Chemical Weathering
Deposition
Erosion
Humus
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes
Occurs where the agents of erosion deposit or lay down, sedim…
The process by which natural; forces move weathered rock & so…
A dark-colored substance that forms as plant & animal remains…
Chemical Weathering
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes
Deposition
Occurs where the agents of erosion deposit or lay down, sedim…
16 terms
Science- earth's surface
define the process of erosion
define the process of deposition
describe what happens to sediment when…
describe the effects of erosion by gro…
type of weathering in which surface soil and rock are worn aw…
process in which sediments, soil, and rocks are added to land…
the sediment is deposited because the gravity is stronger tha…
acidic water soaks into the ground, the water dissolves the r…
define the process of erosion
type of weathering in which surface soil and rock are worn aw…
define the process of deposition
process in which sediments, soil, and rocks are added to land…
43 terms
Earth Science: Mapping Earth's Surface
topography
elevation
map
globe
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
height above sea level
a flat model of all or part of Earth's surface as seen from a…
a sphere that represents Earth's entire surface
topography
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
elevation
height above sea level
14 terms
Science- Earth's surface
The earth's crust is made up of many d…
Some examples of landforms are
Earth's landforms change constantly. W…
Two types of weathering are
landforms
mountains, valleys, hills, rivers, lakes, plateaus, etc
weathering
Chemical and Physical
The earth's crust is made up of many d…
landforms
Some examples of landforms are
mountains, valleys, hills, rivers, lakes, plateaus, etc
Science: Chapter 9: Changes in Earth's Surface
Peninsula
Earth's surface
Weathering
4 Kinds of Physical Weathering
Kind of landform found on on a coast with beaches and ocean.
Is constantly changing.
Process of change to Earth's surface that happens all the time.
Flowing water, ice, temperature, and living things.
Peninsula
Kind of landform found on on a coast with beaches and ocean.
Earth's surface
Is constantly changing.
11 terms
Earth Science - Earth's Changing Surface
sediment
deposition (deposit)
weathering
erosion
small pieces of rock
the dropping of sediments by water, wind, or melting ice onto…
the action of wind, water, temperature changes, and other fac…
the movement of sediment by wind, water, or ice
sediment
small pieces of rock
deposition (deposit)
the dropping of sediments by water, wind, or melting ice onto…
20 terms
Science Chapter 9 Changes to Earth's Surface
Which of these landforms is always fou…
Which can cause physical weathering?
How does acid rain form?
How does deposition change Earth's sur…
peninsula
water
Rain mixes with carbon dioxide to form an acid.
It builds up areas of Earth's surface.
Which of these landforms is always fou…
peninsula
Which can cause physical weathering?
water
13 terms
Science-5th grade-Changes to earth's surface
fault
delta
sand dune
glacier
a break in the earth's crust
an area of new land at the mouth of the river formed by sedim…
a hill of sand made and shaped by wind
a large thick sheet of ice (it moves)
fault
a break in the earth's crust
delta
an area of new land at the mouth of the river formed by sedim…
12 terms
Science Ch 5: Exploring Earth's Surface
weathering
erosion
earthquake
volcano
a kind of change that happens when wind and water break down…
a kind of change that happens when wind and water move sand a…
a shaking of Earth's surface that can cause land to rise and…
a place where hot, melted rock called lava come out of the gr…
weathering
a kind of change that happens when wind and water break down…
erosion
a kind of change that happens when wind and water move sand a…
Mapping Earth's Surface
topography
elevation
relief
landform
The shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
Height above sea level.
The difference in elevation between the highest and lowest pa…
A feature of topography formed by the processes that shape Ea…
topography
The shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
elevation
Height above sea level.
11 terms
Science Chapter 9 Earth's Changing Surface
landform
igneous
humus
sedimentary
natural land features on Earth's surface
rocks that form from molten rock
a material in soil made up of decayed plants and animasl
rocks formed when layers of sediments settle on top of one an…
landform
natural land features on Earth's surface
igneous
rocks that form from molten rock
28 terms
Mapping Earth's Surface
Topography
elevation
relief
map projection
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
height above sea level
the difference in elevation between the highest and lowest pa…
a framework of lines that helps to transfer points on Earth's…
Topography
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
elevation
height above sea level
Science - Ch. 9 - Changes in the Earth's Surface
earthquake
tsunami
erosion
mudslide
shaking of the earth's surface; caused by sudden movement of…
series of large ocean waves caused by an underwater earthquak…
removal of rock and soil by water or wind
large amount of wet soil and rock that slides down a mountain
earthquake
shaking of the earth's surface; caused by sudden movement of…
tsunami
series of large ocean waves caused by an underwater earthquak…
27 terms
Science: Chapter 9 - Changes to Earth's Surface
weathering
landform
erosion
deposition
an ongoing process in which rocks in the Earth's crust are sl…
natural features on the Earth's surface
process in which water, ice, gravity, and wind often work tog…
the laying down of pieces of the Earth's surface
weathering
an ongoing process in which rocks in the Earth's crust are sl…
landform
natural features on the Earth's surface
13 terms
Fifth Grade Science Earth's Surface
Metamorphic
Mineral
Rock cycle
Igneous
Rocks formed inside earth from other rocks under heat and pre…
A non living, naturally occurring solid that has its own regu…
A process in which rocks are constantly being formed and dest…
Rocks that form when melted rock cools and hardens
Metamorphic
Rocks formed inside earth from other rocks under heat and pre…
Mineral
A non living, naturally occurring solid that has its own regu…
37 terms
Science// Earth's Surface
Sphere
Ocean
Diameter
Atmosphere
Shaped like a ball
70% of Earth is _______
Earth has a ________ of about 1300 0 km
Gases surrounding Earth
Sphere
Shaped like a ball
Ocean
70% of Earth is _______
Science~ Earth's Moving Surface
Plate tectonics
Lithosphere
Asthenosphere
Divergent boundary
Theory that states that Earth surface is broken into large, r…
Crust and upper it part of the mantle
Partially melted portion of the mantle below the lithosphere
Where two plates move away from each other
Plate tectonics
Theory that states that Earth surface is broken into large, r…
Lithosphere
Crust and upper it part of the mantle
Earth Science 3.1 Changing Earth's Surface
Erosion
Sediment
Deposition
Gravity
The process by which natural forces move weathered rock and s…
Material moved by erosion.
Occurs where the agents of erosion deposit, or lay down, sedi…
The force that moves rock and other materials downhill.
Erosion
The process by which natural forces move weathered rock and s…
Sediment
Material moved by erosion.
16 terms
Earth's Surface Science 6
Abrasion
Chemical Weathering
Decomposers
Deposition
The grinding away of rock by other rock particles carried in…
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes
Organism that gets energy by breaking down wastes and dead or…
Process in which sediment is laid down in a new location
Abrasion
The grinding away of rock by other rock particles carried in…
Chemical Weathering
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes
16 terms
Earth Science: Changes to Earth's Surface
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Chemical Weathering
Ice Wedging
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
The process in which rock is broken down by changes in its ch…
Process that splits rock when water seeps into cracks, then f…
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Mechanical Weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
13 terms
Changing Earth's Surface
Landslide
Mudflow
Slump
Creep
The sudden movement of rock and soil down a slope
Quickly moving downhill flow of soil and rock fragments conta…
A type of mass movement that occurs when a mass of material m…
very slow downhill movement of rock and soil
Landslide
The sudden movement of rock and soil down a slope
Mudflow
Quickly moving downhill flow of soil and rock fragments conta…
9 terms
Exploring Earth's Surface
topograhpy
elavation
relief
landform
the shape of the lad determined by elevation, relief, and lan…
Height above sea level.
The difference in elevation between the highest and lowest po…
a feature of topography formed by the processes that shape Ea…
topograhpy
the shape of the lad determined by elevation, relief, and lan…
elavation
Height above sea level.
15 terms
Earth's Surface 3/9
geologist
minerals
four components of soil
humus
a scientist who studies what the earth is made of
rocks are made of these
rocks and minerals, humus, water, and air
the decaying plant and animal matter in soil that helps plant…
geologist
a scientist who studies what the earth is made of
minerals
rocks are made of these
10 terms
Science --Changes to Earth's Surface
landform
weathering
Erosion
deposition
physical features on the Earth's surface; ex. canyons, rock c…
the process of breaking rock into sediments
the process of moving sediments from one place to another
the process of dropping or depositing sediment into a new loc…
landform
physical features on the Earth's surface; ex. canyons, rock c…
weathering
the process of breaking rock into sediments
43 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 2 - Mapping Earth's Surface
topography
elevation
map
globe
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
height above sea level
a flat model of all or part of Earth's surface as seen from a…
a sphere that represents Earth's entire surface
topography
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
elevation
height above sea level
28 terms
Science Earth's Changing Surface
What are the two types of weathering?
Mechanical weathering
Weathering
Chemical Weathering
Mechanical and Chemical
the type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
the process (slow) that breaks down rock and other substances…
The process (slow) that breaks down rock through chemical cha…
What are the two types of weathering?
Mechanical and Chemical
Mechanical weathering
the type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
30 terms
Science, Shaping Earth's surface
Glacier
Sediment
acid rain
floodplain
I am a huge mass of ice. I erode the rock beneath me as I flo…
I am particles of rock. Moving water deposits me when it slow…
I wear away stone and metal surfaces when I fall from the sky…
I am a flat area along a riverbank. Rivers deposit sediment o…
Glacier
I am a huge mass of ice. I erode the rock beneath me as I flo…
Sediment
I am particles of rock. Moving water deposits me when it slow…
Science Chapter 9: Changing Earth's Surfaces
The outermost and thinnest layer
This layer of Earth makes up most of E…
The very center of Earth
A section of the lithosphere is called…
crust
mantle
core
plate
The outermost and thinnest layer
crust
This layer of Earth makes up most of E…
mantle
Earth Science Chapter 9: Surface Water
Runoff
Watershed
Tributaries
Divide
Water flowing downslope along Earth's surface
All of the land area whose water drains into a stream system
Rivers that flow into other streams
A high land area that separates one watershed from another
Runoff
Water flowing downslope along Earth's surface
Watershed
All of the land area whose water drains into a stream system
38 terms
science: exploring earth's surface
topography
elevation
relief
landform
the shape of the land that includes the areas elevation, reli…
the height above sea level of a point on earths surface
the difference in elevation between the highest and lowest pa…
a feature of topography, such a hill or valley, formed by the…
topography
the shape of the land that includes the areas elevation, reli…
elevation
the height above sea level of a point on earths surface
13 terms
Science Chapter 9 Vocab Words "Changes to Earth's Surface"
Landform
Topography
Glacier
Sand Dune
A natural land shape or feature.
All the kinds of landforms in a certain place.
A large, thick sheet of ice.
A hill of sand, made and shaped by wind.
Landform
A natural land shape or feature.
Topography
All the kinds of landforms in a certain place.
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