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Study sets matching "quiz cells biology 101"

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Study sets matching "quiz cells biology 101"

132 terms
Biology 101: Cell Biology
order
reproduction
growth and development
energy processing
ordered structure, living cells make up complex organization
reproduce their own kind
inherited information in the form of DNA controls pattern of…
chemical energy stored in food to power its own activities an…
order
ordered structure, living cells make up complex organization
reproduction
reproduce their own kind
25 terms
Biology 101: Cell Structure
prokaryotic cells
eukaryotic cells
prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells…
unique to eukaryotic cells
simple; bacteria and archaea
more complex type of cell; eukarya
plasma membranes, chromosomes, and ribosomes
nucleus, membrane bound organelles
prokaryotic cells
simple; bacteria and archaea
eukaryotic cells
more complex type of cell; eukarya
109 terms
biology 101 cells
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Theodore Schwann
Matthias Schleiden (botanist)
England 1665... inventor of the microscope... observer little cells…
Holland, 1674, Cloth merchant... With 200x lens he created a sti…
Zoologist, Published "cell theory" in 1839... suggesting that al…
Observed plants to be made of cells... cells....fundamental basi…
Robert Hooke
England 1665... inventor of the microscope... observer little cells…
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Holland, 1674, Cloth merchant... With 200x lens he created a sti…
70 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 3: The Molecules of Cells
hydrophillic
hydrophobic
functional groups
methyl group
water loving, polar, dissolve in water, form hydrogen bonds
"water fearing," non-polar, do not dissolve in water, no hydr…
chemical groups that are reactive, polar, hydrophillic. hydro…
hydrophobic, not reactive, carbon w/3 hydrogens attached, det…
hydrophillic
water loving, polar, dissolve in water, form hydrogen bonds
hydrophobic
"water fearing," non-polar, do not dissolve in water, no hydr…
48 terms
162.101 - Biology of Cells
What is the fundamental differences be…
What are the three Domains of Live
What is the order in which we classify…
Distinguish between observation-based…
1. Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus whereas prokryotic do not.…
1. Bacteria... 2. Archaea... 3. Eukarya
Domain.... Kingdom.... Phylum.... Class.... Order.... Family.... Genus.... Species.
Observation based scientific enquiry aims to describe nature…
What is the fundamental differences be…
1. Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus whereas prokryotic do not.…
What are the three Domains of Live
1. Bacteria... 2. Archaea... 3. Eukarya
113 terms
101 - Cell & Molecular Biology
pre-existing ... genetic information... ribo…
light fluorescence scanning transmission
Visible glass lenses visualise cells s…
beam electrons electromagnets internal…
Characteristics common to all cells... 1. Cells arise from _____…
LM:... -_______ microscope (e.g. _________ microscope)... EM:... -____…
Light microscopes: _______ light passed through specimen & th…
Electron microscopes: focuses a _____ of _______ through spec…
pre-existing ... genetic information... ribo…
Characteristics common to all cells... 1. Cells arise from _____…
light fluorescence scanning transmission
LM:... -_______ microscope (e.g. _________ microscope)... EM:... -____…
21 terms
Biology 101 Cells
Cell Theory
Mitosis
How small are cells?
Homeostasis
1) Basic unit of life. All living organisms are composed of a…
Cell division
Less then 100 microns
keeping up with the environment and making changes accordingly
Cell Theory
1) Basic unit of life. All living organisms are composed of a…
Mitosis
Cell division
Biology 101 - Cell Parts
Plasma Membrane
Nuclear Membrane (Nucleus)
Nucleolus (Nucleus)
Nuclear Pores (Nucleus)
Encloses the contents of the cell, separate the cell's intern…
Forms a boundary between the nucleus and the rest of the cell…
Produces ribosomes for the cell
Allows ribosomes to leave the nucleus and enter the cytoplasm
Plasma Membrane
Encloses the contents of the cell, separate the cell's intern…
Nuclear Membrane (Nucleus)
Forms a boundary between the nucleus and the rest of the cell…
27 terms
Cell organelles (Biology 101)
Mitochondria
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic reticulum
Chloroplasts
Produces energy through cellular respiration
Transport and Storage
Creates Lipids or Fats
Create Glucose
Mitochondria
Produces energy through cellular respiration
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Transport and Storage
18 terms
162.101 Biology of Cells
Archaea
Bacteria
Domain
Organelles
One of the two prokaryotic domains, the other being Bacteria
One of the two prokaryotic domains, the other being Archaea
A taxonomic category above the kingdom level. The three group…
Internal compartments bound by membranes that have specialize…
Archaea
One of the two prokaryotic domains, the other being Bacteria
Bacteria
One of the two prokaryotic domains, the other being Archaea
46 terms
Biology 101 - The Tour of the Cell
cell
light microscope (LM)
electron microscope (EM)
scanning electron microscope (SEM)
the simplest collection of matter that can live
a microscope using light to pass through a specimen through g…
a microscope that uses a beam of electrons to create an image…
focuses beam of electrons onto the surface of the specimen, p…
cell
the simplest collection of matter that can live
light microscope (LM)
a microscope using light to pass through a specimen through g…
131 terms
Biology 101 : Cells
Why do we study cells?
sugar
Fatty acid
Amino Acids
Understanding cell structure an function allows us to:... - Livi…
polysaccarides
Fats membrane lipids
Proteins
Why do we study cells?
Understanding cell structure an function allows us to:... - Livi…
sugar
polysaccarides
84 terms
Biology 101 - Cells (Abbreviated)
Robert Hooke
Robert Brown
Matthias Schleiden and Theodor Schwann
Louis Pasteur
first to use the term "cell"
first to see the nucleus
proposed the cell theory
disproved spontaneous generation of life
Robert Hooke
first to use the term "cell"
Robert Brown
first to see the nucleus
66 terms
Cell Division Biology 101
Pedigree
asexual reproduciton
funciton of cell division
Parent-offspring relationship in sexua…
(sorry wrong section)... Famliy tree indicating the phenotype of…
reproduction that does not involve the union of gametes and i…
repair, growth, reproducion
Meiosis produces 4 different daughter cells that are haploid
Pedigree
(sorry wrong section)... Famliy tree indicating the phenotype of…
asexual reproduciton
reproduction that does not involve the union of gametes and i…
102 terms
Bio 101 Cell Biology
sugars
fatty acids
amino acids
nucleotides
carbrohydrates
lipids. high energy lipid droplets, can form phospholipids. 2…
proteins
nucleic acids
sugars
carbrohydrates
fatty acids
lipids. high energy lipid droplets, can form phospholipids. 2…
88 terms
Biology 101 - Cells
Robert Hooke
Robert Brown
Matthias Schleiden and Theodor Schwann
Louis Pasteur
First used the term cell for the small cubicles he observed i…
First to observe the nucleus in 1835
Proposed the cell theory in 1838-39
Recognized for his experiments with microorganisms, which con…
Robert Hooke
First used the term cell for the small cubicles he observed i…
Robert Brown
First to observe the nucleus in 1835
96 terms
Cell Biology 101
Totipotent
Example of Totipotent
Pluripotent
Example of Pluripotent
Each cell can divide individually
Zygote
Cells can form any cell type
1) Blastocyst... 2) epiblast... 3) late embryo/early fetus (Embry.…
Totipotent
Each cell can divide individually
Example of Totipotent
Zygote
75 terms
Biology 101 - cell terms
Amphipathic
Fluid Mosaic Model
Cholesterol
Integral Proteins
Has both a hydrophilic and a hydrophobic region.... ex. phosphol…
The membrane is a fluid structure with a mosaic of various pr…
-Prevents tight packing.... -In warm temps, it limits fluidity.
Penetrate the hydrophobic core of the lipid bilayer.
Amphipathic
Has both a hydrophilic and a hydrophobic region.... ex. phosphol…
Fluid Mosaic Model
The membrane is a fluid structure with a mosaic of various pr…
66 terms
Biology 101 - Cell Cycle
Hemoglobinopathic disease
Law of independent assortment
Linked genes
Pku
Sickle cell disease
The members of one gene pair separates from each other indepe…
Pale skin, green eyes, freckles, red hair
Autosomal recessive, toxic to the brain, lack of phenylalanin…
Hemoglobinopathic disease
Sickle cell disease
Law of independent assortment
The members of one gene pair separates from each other indepe…
70 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 3: The Molecules of Cells
hydrophillic
hydrophobic
functional groups
methyl group
water loving, polar, dissolve in water, form hydrogen bonds
"water fearing," non-polar, do not dissolve in water, no hydr…
chemical groups that are reactive, polar, hydrophillic. hydro…
hydrophobic, not reactive, carbon w/3 hydrogens attached, det…
hydrophillic
water loving, polar, dissolve in water, form hydrogen bonds
hydrophobic
"water fearing," non-polar, do not dissolve in water, no hydr…
148 terms
162.101 Biology of Cells
Archaea
Eukaryote
Prokaryote
3 Domains of Life
...
...
...
1. Archaea... 2. Bacteria... 3. Eukarya.
Archaea
...
Eukaryote
...
19 terms
Biology 101- The Cell Cycle
cell cycle
genome
chromatin
centromere
the life of a cell from formation to its own division
all the DNA in a cell
a complex of DNA and protein that condenses during cell divis…
the narrow "waist" of the duplicated chromosome where the two…
cell cycle
the life of a cell from formation to its own division
genome
all the DNA in a cell
20 terms
Biology 101 - Cell Respiration Quiz
Which of the following statements is (…
Where does glycolysis take place?... A.…
In addition to ATP, what are the end p…
All of the following are functions of…
C. Both A and B are correct
A. Cytosol
B. NADH and pryuvate
E. Adding electrons and protons to O₂, forming H₂O
Which of the following statements is (…
C. Both A and B are correct
Where does glycolysis take place?... A.…
A. Cytosol
71 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 3: The Molecules of Cells
Organic Compounds
Carbon
hydrogen
True
Carbon-based molecules
What usually takes the center stage when it comes to making m…
Organ compounds usually contain ________ atoms addition to ca…
Carbon chains form the backbone of most organic molecules
Organic Compounds
Carbon-based molecules
Carbon
What usually takes the center stage when it comes to making m…
15 terms
Biology 101 / Components of the cell
Element
Atom
Ion
Molecule
Made up of aoms and canno be split into a simpler substance
The smallest unit of matter composed of subatomic particles
An atom with a positive or negative charge
Two or more atoms sharing electrons
Element
Made up of aoms and canno be split into a simpler substance
Atom
The smallest unit of matter composed of subatomic particles
64 terms
162.101 Biology in Cells
What is a nuclear lamina?
What is a protein?
What is transduction?
What is a chromatin?
A netlike array of protein filaments that maintains the shape…
A three dimensional biological polymer constructed from a set…
The transfer of genes from a donor cell to a recipient cell b…
The complex of DNA and proteins that make up a eukaryotic chr…
What is a nuclear lamina?
A netlike array of protein filaments that maintains the shape…
What is a protein?
A three dimensional biological polymer constructed from a set…
101 terms
BIOSCI101 - Cell & Molecular Biology
Cell
Light microscopes
Electron microscope (EM)
Prokaryote
Basic building block of life with a number of organelles that…
Microscope used to visualise whole cells or organelles
Focuses electron beam to be able to view internal structures…
Simple unicellular organism containing no membrane organelles…
Cell
Basic building block of life with a number of organelles that…
Light microscopes
Microscope used to visualise whole cells or organelles
14 terms
162.101 Biology of Cells Lab
Reagent
V2
Dilution Factor (DF)
C1V1 =
A substance or mixture for use in chemical analysis or other…
V1 + diluent
C1/C2 = V2/V1
C2V2
Reagent
A substance or mixture for use in chemical analysis or other…
V2
V1 + diluent
54 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 1 Cells
Cells vary in
Cells form from
Genes
Small Building Blocks: Monomers
Appearance... Structure ... Function
Present day cells ... Prok. Cells
Provide the instructions for cells formation, function, and c…
Sugar... Fatty Acid... Amino Acid ... Nucleotides
Cells vary in
Appearance... Structure ... Function
Cells form from
Present day cells ... Prok. Cells
61 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 3 Cells
Robert Hook
Cell Theory
Schleiden and Schwann
Virchow
gave cells their name after observing cork (bark) cells.
improvement of microscopes made it possible to see parts of c…
All organisms are made of one or more cells.... The cell is the…
All cells arise from preexisting cells.
Robert Hook
gave cells their name after observing cork (bark) cells.
Cell Theory
improvement of microscopes made it possible to see parts of c…
23 terms
EEB 101 Intro to Algal Cell and Molecular Biology
Taxonomy
Kingdom: Monera = Prokaryotic algae
Kingdom: Protista = Eukaryotic algae
Important divisions to know
Algae belong in:... 2 of 5 Kingdoms... - 8 Divisions
Division: Cyanophyta = Blue Green algae = Cyanobacteria... Simpl…
7 (8) Divisions... Complex cellular structure:... - Membrane bound…
1. Rhodophyta (red algae)... 2. Chlorophyta (green algae)... 3. Chr…
Taxonomy
Algae belong in:... 2 of 5 Kingdoms... - 8 Divisions
Kingdom: Monera = Prokaryotic algae
Division: Cyanophyta = Blue Green algae = Cyanobacteria... Simpl…
35 terms
Biology101 | Chapter 3: Cells
Plasma Membrane
DNA
Cytoplasm
Ribosomes
external membrane of the cell, a lipid bilayer that controls…
(nucleic acids) ... the molecules that control the structure and…
everything between plasma membrane and nuclear envelope
a structure upon which proteins are synthesized
Plasma Membrane
external membrane of the cell, a lipid bilayer that controls…
DNA
(nucleic acids) ... the molecules that control the structure and…
20 terms
Biology 101 - Cell Respiration Quiz
Which of the following statements is (…
Where does glycolysis take place?... A.…
In addition to ATP, what are the end p…
All of the following are functions of…
C. Both A and B are correct
A. Cytosol
B. NADH and pryuvate
E. Adding electrons and protons to O₂, forming H₂O
Which of the following statements is (…
C. Both A and B are correct
Where does glycolysis take place?... A.…
A. Cytosol
28 terms
Biology 101: Cell Types and Components
Cell theory
Where are prokaryotic cells found?
Where are eukaryotic cells found?
Prokaryotic cells
States that all living things are composed of cells and that…
Bacteria and archaea
Protists, plants, fungi, and animals
Cells that are small and simple, look like hairy corndogs, an…
Cell theory
States that all living things are composed of cells and that…
Where are prokaryotic cells found?
Bacteria and archaea
21 terms
Chapter 6 Biology 101 Cells
Prokaryotic cells
Eukaryotic cells
Nucleus
Ribosomes
-arose earlier than the other cells ("older") ... -smaller ... -lac…
-the region between the nucleus and plasma membrane is the cy…
organelle that holds genetic information... -has its own membran…
synthesize protiens from nucleic acid instructions... -located o…
Prokaryotic cells
-arose earlier than the other cells ("older") ... -smaller ... -lac…
Eukaryotic cells
-the region between the nucleus and plasma membrane is the cy…
61 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 3 Cells
Robert Hook
Cell Theory
Schleiden and Schwann
Virchow
gave cells their name after observing cork (bark) cells.
improvement of microscopes made it possible to see parts of c…
All organisms are made of one or more cells.... The cell is the…
All cells arise from preexisting cells.
Robert Hook
gave cells their name after observing cork (bark) cells.
Cell Theory
improvement of microscopes made it possible to see parts of c…
31 terms
psych 101- nerve cell biology
neuron
dendrite
axon
threshold
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
a neurons often bushy, branching extensions that receive mess…
the neuron extension that passes messages through its branche…
the level of stimulation required to trigger a neural impulse
neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
dendrite
a neurons often bushy, branching extensions that receive mess…
71 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 3 CELLS
Who gave cells their name after observ…
Who made microscopes and drew what he…
The improvement in microscopes made it…
What did Schleiden and Schwann believe?
Robert Hook
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Cell Theory
1. All organisms are made up of one or more cells.... 2. Cells a…
Who gave cells their name after observ…
Robert Hook
Who made microscopes and drew what he…
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
101 terms
BIOSCI101 - Cell & Molecular Biology
Cell
Light microscopes
Electron microscope (EM)
Prokaryote
Basic building block of life with a number of organelles that…
Microscope used to visualise whole cells or organelles
Focuses electron beam to be able to view internal structures…
Simple unicellular organism containing no membrane organelles…
Cell
Basic building block of life with a number of organelles that…
Light microscopes
Microscope used to visualise whole cells or organelles
16 terms
Biology 101: cell organelles and functions
cell wall
centrosomes/centrioles
chloroplast
cilia
The rigid outermost cell layer found in plants that protects…
aids in cell division
site of photosynthesis
short hairs that help cell move
cell wall
The rigid outermost cell layer found in plants that protects…
centrosomes/centrioles
aids in cell division
22 terms
Lab 10 Cell Respiration & Photosynthesis Biology 101
Photosynthetic Pigments
Chlorophyll A ... (found in thylakoid dis…
Chlorophyll B ... (found in thylakoid dis…
Carotenoids - accessory pigments
Found in the thylakoid disks in chloroplasts
Reflects BRIGHT GREEN light... Rf-0.2
Reflects OLIVE GREEN light... Rf-0.1
Found in the leaf chromoplasts
Photosynthetic Pigments
Found in the thylakoid disks in chloroplasts
Chlorophyll A ... (found in thylakoid dis…
Reflects BRIGHT GREEN light... Rf-0.2
76 terms
biosci101 - cell and molecular biology
Light Microscopy
Electron Microscopy
Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM)
Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
Used to visualise whole cells and large subcellular organelle…
Instead of light, electromagnets used to focus a beam of elec…
Used to study the internal structure of the cell... Resolution…
Used to study the topography of the cell.... Resolution of 10nm…
Light Microscopy
Used to visualise whole cells and large subcellular organelle…
Electron Microscopy
Instead of light, electromagnets used to focus a beam of elec…
90 terms
Biosci101: Cell and Molecular Biology (All Lectures)
Magnification
Resolution
Contrast
Staining
ratio of the size of the image and the object's real size
Smallest possible distance between two features of an image t…
Difference in brightness between light and dark parts of the…
Use of chemicals to improve contrast- requires cells to be *f…
Magnification
ratio of the size of the image and the object's real size
Resolution
Smallest possible distance between two features of an image t…
54 terms
Biology 101 Exam 3: Cells
Reginald Hooke
Cells
Animal cells include ... (circular)
Plant cells include... (rectangular)
discovered cells by looking at slice of cork underneath a mic…
- all living organisms have cells... - cells have 3-4 basic feat…
cell/plasma membrane, nucleus, & cytoplasm
cell/plasma membrane, cell wall, nuclei, & cytoplasm
Reginald Hooke
discovered cells by looking at slice of cork underneath a mic…
Cells
- all living organisms have cells... - cells have 3-4 basic feat…
Biology 101 - Cell Respiration Quiz
Which of the following statements is (…
Where does glycolysis take place?... A.…
In addition to ATP, what are the end p…
All of the following are functions of…
C. Both A and B are correct
A. Cytosol
B. NADH and pryuvate
E. Adding electrons and protons to O₂, forming H₂O
Which of the following statements is (…
C. Both A and B are correct
Where does glycolysis take place?... A.…
A. Cytosol
58 terms
SC 101- Chapter 2b "Cell Biology"
non-living matter
organic molecules
biosynthesis
vitalism
Inorganic molecules are ____-_______ ________.
molecules of life
putting together of substances of living things
the theory that life is more than chemicals
non-living matter
Inorganic molecules are ____-_______ ________.
organic molecules
molecules of life
69 terms
Biology 101 (smith) Chapter 7 cell division
Chromosome
Chromatin
___________ usually have one set of ch…
(n)
a full linear (string) double-stranded DNA molecule
-fully condensed chromosome... -DNA + structural proteins
Animals
represents the haploid number
Chromosome
a full linear (string) double-stranded DNA molecule
Chromatin
-fully condensed chromosome... -DNA + structural proteins
50 terms
SC 101- Chapter 2a "Cell Biology"
matter
elements
Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Ph…
+1
anything that takes up space and has mass; can be a solid, li…
a pure substance considered a building block of matter; can't…
What does CHNOPS stand for?
Proton
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass; can be a solid, li…
elements
a pure substance considered a building block of matter; can't…
70 terms
Camille-Biology 101 Chapter 3: The Molecules of Cells
hydrophillic
hydrophobic
functional groups
methyl group
water loving, polar, dissolve in water, form hydrogen bonds
"water fearing," non-polar, do not dissolve in water, no hydr…
chemical groups that are reactive, polar, hydrophillic. hydro…
hydrophobic, not reactive, carbon w/3 hydrogens attached, det…
hydrophillic
water loving, polar, dissolve in water, form hydrogen bonds
hydrophobic
"water fearing," non-polar, do not dissolve in water, no hydr…
105 terms
Biology 101 Ch.03 Cell Structure and Function
Which of the following contain a nucle…
Which of the following is true of the…
Which of the following is a function o…
Diffusion is the movement of molecules…
d. Eukaryotic Cell
d. They are made of tough fiber
d. Regulates which materials enters and leaves the cell
b. High to low concentration
Which of the following contain a nucle…
d. Eukaryotic Cell
Which of the following is true of the…
d. They are made of tough fiber
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