Study sets matching "quiz muscles 2"

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Study sets matching "quiz muscles 2"

10 terms
muscles 2
alone
kind
try
word
혼자서
종류, 친절한
시도하다, 노력하다
단어
alone
혼자서
kind
종류, 친절한
9 terms
Muscles 2
Triceps brachii function
Triceps brachii origin
Triceps brachii insertion
Biceps brachii function
Extend forearm
Lateral scapula and proximal humerous
Olecranon
Flex and supinate forearm
Triceps brachii function
Extend forearm
Triceps brachii origin
Lateral scapula and proximal humerous
18 terms
muscles 2
scalenes - anterior, middle and poster…
external abdominal oblique
coccygeus
pubococcygeus
O = transverse and costal processes of C2-C7... I ant. & middle…
O = external and inferior borders of ribs 5-12... I = via the ap…
O = tip of the ischial spine... I = coccyx and 5th sacral segmen…
O = inner margins of the pubis ... I = coccyx and median raphe (…
scalenes - anterior, middle and poster…
O = transverse and costal processes of C2-C7... I ant. & middle…
external abdominal oblique
O = external and inferior borders of ribs 5-12... I = via the ap…
8 terms
Muscles 2
Trapezius
Latissimus Dorsi
Rhomboid Major
Rhomboid minor
Origin: Superior nuchal line of occipital bone, ligamentum nu…
Origin: Spines of T7-T12 and L1-L5, ... sacrum and ilium, infer…
Origin: Spines of T2-T5... Insertion: Medial border of scapula i…
Origin: Spines of C7-T1... Insertion: Medial border of scapula s…
Trapezius
Origin: Superior nuchal line of occipital bone, ligamentum nu…
Latissimus Dorsi
Origin: Spines of T7-T12 and L1-L5, ... sacrum and ilium, infer…
8 terms
Muscles 2
Body movements
Types of muscles
cont
cont
Flexion... Extension... Rotation... Abduction... Circumduction
Prime mover - muscle with the major responsibility for a cert…
Antagonist - muscle that opposes or reverses a prime mover
Synergist - muscle that aids a prime mover in a movement and…
Body movements
Flexion... Extension... Rotation... Abduction... Circumduction
Types of muscles
Prime mover - muscle with the major responsibility for a cert…
22 terms
muscles 2
illiopsoas group (iliac and posts major)
gluteal group
gluteus maximus
gluteus medius
on anterior hip... action: flexion of thigh/femur at hip/ joint
gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, tensor fasc…
superficial... action: abduction, medial rotation of thigh/femur…
middle muscle... action:abduction, medial rotation of thigh/femu…
illiopsoas group (iliac and posts major)
on anterior hip... action: flexion of thigh/femur at hip/ joint
gluteal group
gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, tensor fasc…
30 terms
Muscles #2
Rectus femoris
Vastus lateralis
Vastus intermedius
Vastus medialis
Middle of thigh
Lateral quad muscle
Middle quad muscle
Most medial quad muscle
Rectus femoris
Middle of thigh
Vastus lateralis
Lateral quad muscle
21 terms
Muscles 2
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
Increasing Force
Muscle Mechanics
- Increase in the size of individual fibers (weight... training)
- Increase in number of fibers... • Not common
1. Large number of muscle fibers... 2. Large muscle fibers... 3. As…
-Arrangement of muscle fibers... -Position... *The interaction betw…
Hypertrophy
- Increase in the size of individual fibers (weight... training)
Hyperplasia
- Increase in number of fibers... • Not common
23 terms
Muscles 2
rhomboideus
subscapularius
infraspinatus
supraspinatus
retract shoulder
medially rotate shoulder (bring in)
laterally rotate shoulder (bring out)
abduct shoulder
rhomboideus
retract shoulder
subscapularius
medially rotate shoulder (bring in)
Muscles 2
Superficial back muscle
Deep muscle
Erector spinae muscle
Splenius muscle
has specific nerves and action... muscle of pectoral girdle, hum…
all innervated by spinal nerves... help stand erect
3 parts... spinal nerve innervation... structured like rope ladder…
muscle of posterior neck... mostly cervical region... Origin: cervi…
Superficial back muscle
has specific nerves and action... muscle of pectoral girdle, hum…
Deep muscle
all innervated by spinal nerves... help stand erect
Muscles 2
Masseter Origin
Masseter Action
Masseter Insertion
Temporalis Origin
Zygomatic
Elevates Mandible
Mandible
Temporal
Masseter Origin
Zygomatic
Masseter Action
Elevates Mandible
86 terms
Muscles 2
STernoclediomastoid o
sternocleidomastoid i
sternocleidomastoid a
splenius capitis o
clavicle, sternum
mastoid process
extend neck
thoracic vertebrae
STernoclediomastoid o
clavicle, sternum
sternocleidomastoid i
mastoid process
15 terms
muscles 2
pectoralis major
subscapularis
deltoid anterior
rotator cuff
O- middle half of clavicle and sternum... I-intertublercular gro…
insertion lesser tubercle
O- acromion acromion and spine of scap... I- deltiod tuberosity
subscapularis infra/supraspinatus and tere minor
pectoralis major
O- middle half of clavicle and sternum... I-intertublercular gro…
subscapularis
insertion lesser tubercle
22 terms
Muscles 2
orbicularis oculi
orbicularis oris
platysma
masseter
closes eye
closes and protrudes lips
draws angle of mouth downward
closes jaw
orbicularis oculi
closes eye
orbicularis oris
closes and protrudes lips
40 terms
Q2 Anatomy Muscles
pectoralis major
pectoralis major action
external intercostals
internal intercostals
-Origin: Clavicular head, anterior surface of medial half of…
abducts and medially rotates humerus, draws scapula anteriorl…
-Origin: inferior border of rib above ... -Insertion: superior b…
-Origin: superior border of rib below ... -Insertion: inferior b…
pectoralis major
-Origin: Clavicular head, anterior surface of medial half of…
pectoralis major action
abducts and medially rotates humerus, draws scapula anteriorl…
12 terms
muscles 2
trapezius
deltoid
levator scapulae
rhomboideus major
rotates scapula and raises arm; raises scapula
abducts arm; extends or flexes humerus
elevates scapula
raises and adducts scapula
trapezius
rotates scapula and raises arm; raises scapula
deltoid
abducts arm; extends or flexes humerus
Muscles 2
Sartorius :Origin
Sartorius :Insertion
Sartorius :Action
Vastus Lateralis :Origin
Iliac crest of the os coxae
Medial proximal Tibia
Flexes leg
Femur
Sartorius :Origin
Iliac crest of the os coxae
Sartorius :Insertion
Medial proximal Tibia
78 terms
muscles 2
endergonic reactions
exergonic reactions
coupled reactions
ATP hydrolysis
energy must be added to make reaction proceed... produces contai…
give off energy... reactants contain more energy than products
above reactions occur together ... energy liberated in the exerg…
universal exergonic reaction used to provide energy for most…
endergonic reactions
energy must be added to make reaction proceed... produces contai…
exergonic reactions
give off energy... reactants contain more energy than products
18 terms
Muscles 2
Transverse Ab.
Rectus Ab.
Internal Oblique
External Oblique
O: Inguinal Ligament, Lumbrosacrial fascia, cartilage of last…
O: Public crest & symphysis... I: Xiphoid process & costal carti…
O: Lumbodorsal fascia; iliac crest & inguinal ligament... I: Lin…
O: By fleshy stripes from outer surfaces of lower 8 ribs... I: L…
Transverse Ab.
O: Inguinal Ligament, Lumbrosacrial fascia, cartilage of last…
Rectus Ab.
O: Public crest & symphysis... I: Xiphoid process & costal carti…
Muscles #2
Biceps Location
Biceps Function
Triceps Location
Triceps Function
Down the front of the upper arm. The two heads originate at t…
Flex the forearm at the elbow joint, and help with forearm su…
Form the back of the upper arm. The three heads originate fro…
These muscles extend the forearm at the elbow joint.
Biceps Location
Down the front of the upper arm. The two heads originate at t…
Biceps Function
Flex the forearm at the elbow joint, and help with forearm su…
28 terms
Muscles 2
Deltoid
Pectoralis Major
Coracobrachialis
Latissimus Dorsi
O: Anterior: lateral clavicle... Middle: accordion process of sc…
O: Medial clavicle, body of sternum, and cartilage of 1st-6th…
O: Coracoid process of scapula... I: Medial border of the middle…
O: Spinous processes of T6-L5, 8th-12th ribs, sacrum and post…
Deltoid
O: Anterior: lateral clavicle... Middle: accordion process of sc…
Pectoralis Major
O: Medial clavicle, body of sternum, and cartilage of 1st-6th…
20 terms
Muscles 2
Sit posture Row
Lat Pull
Leg Press
Sit-ups
Latissimus Dorsi, Posterior Hold
Latissimus Dorsi
Quadriceps, Gluteus Maximus
Abdominal
Sit posture Row
Latissimus Dorsi, Posterior Hold
Lat Pull
Latissimus Dorsi
29 terms
Muscles #2
Internal oblique
Tranverses abdominus
Quadrates lumborum
Diaphragm
Compresses abdomen and rotates and flexes vertebral column la…
Compresses abdomen
Pulls twelfth ribs inferiorly during forced exhalation, exten…
Increases vertical dimension of thoracic cavity resulting in…
Internal oblique
Compresses abdomen and rotates and flexes vertebral column la…
Tranverses abdominus
Compresses abdomen
13 terms
Muscles #2
Diaphragm
External intercostals
Rectus abdominis
Erector spinae group
Below lungs. Descends to enlarge the thoracic cavity during i…
Between the ribs. Elevate ribs to enlarge the thoracic cavity…
Anterior abdomen. Flexes vertebral column
Along sides of vertebral column. Extends vertebral column & h…
Diaphragm
Below lungs. Descends to enlarge the thoracic cavity during i…
External intercostals
Between the ribs. Elevate ribs to enlarge the thoracic cavity…
21 terms
Muscles #2
Serratus anterior
Pectoralis minor
Rhomboideus minor and major
Trapezius
Action: Abduct scapula
Action: Depresses scapula, pulls scapula anteriorly
Action: Adducts scapula (minor on top, major on bottom)
Action: Elevates scapula, depresses scapula
Serratus anterior
Action: Abduct scapula
Pectoralis minor
Action: Depresses scapula, pulls scapula anteriorly
Muscles #2
Extensor carpi radialis longus
Extensor carpi radialis brevis
Extensor digitorum
Extensor carpi ulnaris
Extends and abducts hand
Extends and abducts hand
Extends fingers
Extends and abducts hand
Extensor carpi radialis longus
Extends and abducts hand
Extensor carpi radialis brevis
Extends and abducts hand
30 terms
Muscles 2
Rectus abdominis insertion
Rectus abdominis origin
Rectus abdominis function
External obliques insertion
Pubis, Cartiliges of the fifth, sixth, and seventh ribs, xiph…
Crest of the pubis and pubic tubercle; Front of pubic synthesis
Flexes vertebral column, tenses abdominal wall, compresses ab…
Pubis, linea alba via aponeurosis and iliac crest
Rectus abdominis insertion
Pubis, Cartiliges of the fifth, sixth, and seventh ribs, xiph…
Rectus abdominis origin
Crest of the pubis and pubic tubercle; Front of pubic synthesis
13 terms
Muscles 2
Abduction
Adduction
Rotation
Circumduction
Movement AWAY from the body
Movement TOWARDS the body
Movement around an axis point
Movement of a body part in a circular direction
Abduction
Movement AWAY from the body
Adduction
Movement TOWARDS the body
Muscles 2
Sternocleidomastoid
Deltoid
Serratus anterior
Pectoralis major
Breastbone to jaw
Shoulder
Side ribs
Chest
Sternocleidomastoid
Breastbone to jaw
Deltoid
Shoulder
17 terms
Muscles 2
Coracobrachialis
Pectoralis Major
Tres major
Latissimus Dorsi
Flexes and adducts arm
Pulls arm anteriorly and across chest, roatats humerus, or ad…
Extends humerus or adducts and rotates arm medially
Extends and adducts arm and rotates humerus inwardly or pulls…
Coracobrachialis
Flexes and adducts arm
Pectoralis Major
Pulls arm anteriorly and across chest, roatats humerus, or ad…
96 terms
Exam ###2 Muscles, muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle
smooth muscle
calmodulin
calcium
Has striations; voluntary muscle
no striations; found mainly in walls of hollow organs, usuall…
calcium binds to this molecule.
when it attaches, it stimulates an enzyme to cock the head of…
Skeletal muscle
Has striations; voluntary muscle
smooth muscle
no striations; found mainly in walls of hollow organs, usuall…
30 terms
muscles 2
5 levels of neural control during volu…
Basal ganglia
Cerebellum
Brain stem
cerebral cortex... basal ganglia... cerebellum... brain stem... spinal cord
controls learned movements such as driving a car... Eye movemen…
Over 50 % of neurons here... MOST IMPORTANT FOR BALANCE / POSTUR…
Survival and reflex... Main connection between Brain and rest of…
5 levels of neural control during volu…
cerebral cortex... basal ganglia... cerebellum... brain stem... spinal cord
Basal ganglia
controls learned movements such as driving a car... Eye movemen…
17 terms
Muscles #2
Pectoralis minor
Pectoralis major
Flexor carpi ulnaris
Triceps Brachii
Stretching from the 3 4 and 5 ribs to the scapula, assists wi…
On the chest next to the deltoid, helps move the humerus and…
In the forearm on the outside, flexes and adducts the hand an…
Across the back of the upper arm, extends the forearm at the…
Pectoralis minor
Stretching from the 3 4 and 5 ribs to the scapula, assists wi…
Pectoralis major
On the chest next to the deltoid, helps move the humerus and…
14 terms
Muscles 2
bench press
seated leg curl
barbell squats
seated cable row
pectorals
hamstrings
quadriceps
rhomboids
bench press
pectorals
seated leg curl
hamstrings
11 terms
muscles 2
supraspinatus
infraspinatus
teres minor
subscapularis
Abducts arm
external rotation of humerus
external rotation and adduction
medial rotation of humerus, stabilizes shoulder joint
supraspinatus
Abducts arm
infraspinatus
external rotation of humerus
18 terms
muscles 2
orbicularis oculi
orbicularis orid
sternocleidomastoid
latissimus dorsi
close eye, wink
pucker lips
flex neck, bend and turn head
extension of shoulder, adduction of arm
orbicularis oculi
close eye, wink
orbicularis orid
pucker lips
39 terms
Muscles 2
Frontalis
Orbicularis oculi
Orbicularis oris
Buccinator
Raises eyebrows
Closes eyes
Closes and protrudes lips
Compresses cheeks inwards
Frontalis
Raises eyebrows
Orbicularis oculi
Closes eyes
29 terms
muscles 2
Internal oblique
external oblique
rectus abdominus
transverus abdominus
compresses abdomen
compresses abdomen
compresses abdomen
compresses abdomen
Internal oblique
compresses abdomen
external oblique
compresses abdomen
40 terms
Muscles 2
Biceps brachii
Brachialis
Brachioradialis
Triceps brachii
Elbow joint-elbow flexion
Elbow joint-elbow flexion
Elbow joint-elbow flexion
Elbow joint-elbow extension
Biceps brachii
Elbow joint-elbow flexion
Brachialis
Elbow joint-elbow flexion
54 terms
Muscles 2
Trapezius ... Orgin
Trapezius insertion
Trapezius ... Function
Pectoralis minor ... Origin
Occipital bone,... Vertebrae, ... Ligamentum nuchae
Scapula ... Clavicle
Elevate & depress shoulders, ... Extension of head when shoulder…
Ribs
Trapezius ... Orgin
Occipital bone,... Vertebrae, ... Ligamentum nuchae
Trapezius insertion
Scapula ... Clavicle
Muscles 2
Frontalis-origin
Frontalis-insertion
Frontalis-action
Orbicularis Oculi-origin
galea aponeurotica
skin of forehead
raise your eyebrows
orbit
Frontalis-origin
galea aponeurotica
Frontalis-insertion
skin of forehead
muscles 2
gluteas maximus
gluteas medius
tensor fascia latae
iliacus
extends, externally rotates hip
abducts hip
flexes, abducts, and internally rotates hip
flexes, externally rotates hip
gluteas maximus
extends, externally rotates hip
gluteas medius
abducts hip
19 terms
Muscles 2
masseter
sternocleidomastoid
pectoralis major
pectoralis minor
closes lower jaw, clenches teeth
rotates head and neck
moves the arm across the body
raises and lowers shoulder
masseter
closes lower jaw, clenches teeth
sternocleidomastoid
rotates head and neck
muscles #2
external intercostals
Diaphragn
Rectus abdominis
External oblique
raises the ribs to help in breathing
helps control breathing
compresses the abdomen
depresses ribs, flexes the spinal column, and compresses the…
external intercostals
raises the ribs to help in breathing
Diaphragn
helps control breathing
muscles 2
membrane potentials
voltage
resting membrane potentials
atp hydrolysis
due to an unequal distribution of ions near the plasma membra…
A difference in electrical potential bw 2 points
change only when the barrier to ion movement is removed from…
necessary because this pump moves the ions against their conc…
membrane potentials
due to an unequal distribution of ions near the plasma membra…
voltage
A difference in electrical potential bw 2 points
Muscles #2
Shoulder Joint Muscles
Shoulder Joint Movements
Muscles with movements
Origin and Insertion of Deltoid
Deltoid, Lats, Pec Major, Teres Major, Coracobrachialis, bice…
Adduction, Abduction, Extension, Flexion, Medial Rotation, La…
Pec Major=Adduction, Abduction, Extension, Medial Rotation, C…
Origin=clavicle, spine of scapula, Acromion of scapula... Insert…
Shoulder Joint Muscles
Deltoid, Lats, Pec Major, Teres Major, Coracobrachialis, bice…
Shoulder Joint Movements
Adduction, Abduction, Extension, Flexion, Medial Rotation, La…
Muscles 2
gluteus maximus origin
gluteus maximus insertion
gluteus maximus action
biceps femoris origin
outer iliac blade, iliac crest, sacrum, coccyx
gluteal tuberosity of femur, iliotibial tract of fascia latae
extends and laterally rotates thigh, braces knee
ischial tuberosity, linea aspera
gluteus maximus origin
outer iliac blade, iliac crest, sacrum, coccyx
gluteus maximus insertion
gluteal tuberosity of femur, iliotibial tract of fascia latae
Muscles 2
Serratus Anterior
Trapezius
Latissimus Dorsi
Supraspinatus... (Rotator cuff)
Origin: lateral ribs 1-8... Insertion: medial border of scapula…
Origin: occipital bone, spinous process of vertebrae c7-t12... I…
Origin: lower ribs, lower thoracic and lumbar vertebrae, ilia…
Origin: supraspinious fossa... Insertion: greater tubercle of hu…
Serratus Anterior
Origin: lateral ribs 1-8... Insertion: medial border of scapula…
Trapezius
Origin: occipital bone, spinous process of vertebrae c7-t12... I…
muscles 2
Skeletal Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Fibers
Striated, voluntary
Striated, involuntary, heart, intercalated discs
Non-striated, involuntary, visceral
Surrounded by endomysium
Skeletal Muscle
Striated, voluntary
Cardiac Muscle
Striated, involuntary, heart, intercalated discs
56 terms
muscles 2
abductor digiti minimi
abductor pollicis brevis
abductor pollicis longus
adductor pollicis
abducts little finger... ulnar nerve
abducts thumb... median nerves
adducts and extends thumb... posterior interosseous nerve
adducts and help to oppose thumb... ulnar nerve
abductor digiti minimi
abducts little finger... ulnar nerve
abductor pollicis brevis
abducts thumb... median nerves
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