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Study sets matching "radiology board"

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Study sets matching "radiology board"

BOARD radiology
Lead lined casing to prevent excessive…
Oil, gas, or ail is sealed within hous…
Glass tube
Cathode
Protective housing
Cooling system
Surrounds electrodes of the X-ray tube to provide a vacuum
Negative portion of the X-ray tube
Lead lined casing to prevent excessive…
Protective housing
Oil, gas, or ail is sealed within hous…
Cooling system
235 terms
Boards: Radiology
wilhem roentgen in 1895
cathode ray tube
ionization
ion pair
the xray was discovered by who in what year?
wilhem discovered xrays by experimenting with a
when an atom gains or loses an electron & becomes electricall…
when an electron is removed from an atom in the ionization pr…
wilhem roentgen in 1895
the xray was discovered by who in what year?
cathode ray tube
wilhem discovered xrays by experimenting with a
Radiology-Boards
Aluminum Filter
The aluminum filter should be ___mm at…
The aluminum filter should be ___mm fo…
Aluminum filter reduces the amount of
Absorbs LONG wave length ... 70 kVp or higher
2.5mm
1.5mm
soft radiation reaching a patient's face
Aluminum Filter
Absorbs LONG wave length ... 70 kVp or higher
The aluminum filter should be ___mm at…
2.5mm
71 terms
Radiology Boards
Radiation
Ionization
Free radical formation
X-rays
emission and propagation of energy; travels in form of waves…
converting atoms to ions where atom becomes either negative o…
x-ray photon ionizes water in nucleus and combines to form to…
weightless bundles of energy (photons) without electrical cha…
Radiation
emission and propagation of energy; travels in form of waves…
Ionization
converting atoms to ions where atom becomes either negative o…
331 terms
Radiology boards
Which of the following is a physical p…
As the wavelength of x-ray photons sho…
The kVp setting on an x-ray machine co…
The milliampere-seconds(mAs) setting o…
Travel in straight lines
Increase
Quality of the x-ray beam
Quantity of x-rays emitted
Which of the following is a physical p…
Travel in straight lines
As the wavelength of x-ray photons sho…
Increase
334 terms
Radiology Boards
Which of the following is a physical p…
As the wavelength of x-ray photons sho…
The kVp setting on an x-ray machine co…
The milliampere-seconds(mAs) setting o…
Travel in straight lines
Increase
Quality of the x-ray beam
Quantity of x-rays emitted
Which of the following is a physical p…
Travel in straight lines
As the wavelength of x-ray photons sho…
Increase
Radiology Boards
Molecule
Most atoms are neutral because..
Ion
X-ray machine consists of :
2 or more atoms joined by chemical bonds
# of protons= # of electrons
Atom gains or loses an electron
Control panel, extension arm and Tubehead
Molecule
2 or more atoms joined by chemical bonds
Most atoms are neutral because..
# of protons= # of electrons
47 terms
BOARDS: Radiology
Electromagnetic Family
Ionization
AC Electricity
Conversion to Impulses
The shorter the group's wavelength the stronger the energy.
The ejection of an electron from an atom. ... Produces charged i…
Movement of electrons (-) along a wire toward a positive char…
1sec= 60 impulses of x-ray... 1/4 sec= 15 impulses of x-ray
Electromagnetic Family
The shorter the group's wavelength the stronger the energy.
Ionization
The ejection of an electron from an atom. ... Produces charged i…
146 terms
Boards: Radiology
X-rays discovered by ____ in ____ whil…
The shorter the group's wavelength, th…
Difference: X-rays produce ______
The ejection of an electron from an atom
Roentgen in 1895
Stronger
ionization
Ionization
X-rays discovered by ____ in ____ whil…
Roentgen in 1895
The shorter the group's wavelength, th…
Stronger
114 terms
Boards: Radiology
Incisive foramen
median palatal suture
nasal cavity
nasal septum
small ovoid radiolucency between the roots of the max centrals
thin, radiolucent line between the max centrals
large, radiolucent line between the max centrals
vertical, radiopaque partition that divides the nasal cavity
Incisive foramen
small ovoid radiolucency between the roots of the max centrals
median palatal suture
thin, radiolucent line between the max centrals
38 terms
Boards: radiology
What are some types of radiation?
What type of radiation is particulate…
What type of radiation is electromagne…
What type of radiation is ionizing rad…
particulate, electromagnetic, and ionizing radiation
tiny particles of matter that possess mass that travel in str…
wave-like energy without mass through space or matter and var…
radiation that is capable of producing ions
What are some types of radiation?
particulate, electromagnetic, and ionizing radiation
What type of radiation is particulate…
tiny particles of matter that possess mass that travel in str…
8 terms
Boards - Radiology
Cathode
Filaments
Focusing cup
Anode
Large filament, samll filament, focusing cup
Source of electrons, made of tungsten
Where thermionic emission occurs
+ electrode, rotating disc
Cathode
Large filament, samll filament, focusing cup
Filaments
Source of electrons, made of tungsten
41 terms
Boards radiology
short wave lengths
long wavelenghts
radiopaque
electron cloud
what wavelengths are high energy/ high frequency rays
what wavelengths are low frequency/ low energy
do dense objects appear more radiolucent or radiopaque on a r…
this is also called thermionic emission
short wave lengths
what wavelengths are high energy/ high frequency rays
long wavelenghts
what wavelengths are low frequency/ low energy
49 terms
BOARDS: Radiology
Electromagnetic Family
Ionization
AC Electricity
Amperes
The SHORTER the group's WAVELENGTH , the STRONGER the energy.…
The ejection of an electron from an atom. Produces charged io…
Movement of electrons (-) along a wire toward a (+) charge wh…
Amps (mA) describe the NUMBER of electrons flowing
Electromagnetic Family
The SHORTER the group's WAVELENGTH , the STRONGER the energy.…
Ionization
The ejection of an electron from an atom. Produces charged io…
20 terms
Radiology Landmarks board review
Oblique; mylohyoid
1. Incisive foramen... 2. Tip of nose... 3.…
1. Nasal fossa... 2. Border of nasal foss…
1. Inferior border of maxillary sinus…
The external oblique ridge is also called the __________ ridg…
Identify landmarks
Identify landmarks (except for #4)
Identify landmarks
Oblique; mylohyoid
The external oblique ridge is also called the __________ ridg…
1. Incisive foramen... 2. Tip of nose... 3.…
Identify landmarks
104 terms
Radiology Board Review
Ionization
Another term for x-rays is _________
An atom is made up of _______ and ____…
X-rays are ______________ because they…
ejection of one of these electrons from its shell
photons.
protons ... neutrons
electromagnetic
Ionization
ejection of one of these electrons from its shell
Another term for x-rays is _________
photons.
51 terms
BOARDS- RADIOLOGY
Which type of digital image receptor i…
All of following are advantages of dir…
A method of obtaining a digital image…
You have a pt who is concerned about r…
CCD (Charge-coupled device)
sensor size
direct digital imaging
digital radiography
Which type of digital image receptor i…
CCD (Charge-coupled device)
All of following are advantages of dir…
sensor size
69 terms
BOARDS - radiology
ejection of electron from atom = charg…
movement of electrons (-) along wire t…
what are the conversions of impulses?
describes # of electrons flowing
ionization
AC electricity
1 sec = 60 impulses (xrays)... 1/2 = 30... 1/4 = 15
amperes
ejection of electron from atom = charg…
ionization
movement of electrons (-) along wire t…
AC electricity
10 terms
Radiology for boards
Increasing mA increases...
Why is tungsten ideal for X-ray?
What are the roles of these metals in…
Which two factors affect focal spot si…
number of photons produced.
higher atomic number, highly heat resistant (highest melting…
Lead - collimator... Aluminum - filter... Europium - digital radiog…
angulation of the beam and the size of the cone
Increasing mA increases...
number of photons produced.
Why is tungsten ideal for X-ray?
higher atomic number, highly heat resistant (highest melting…
21 terms
Radiology Board Exam
In x radiation, ionization occurs when..
What is found inside of an atom?
A Gray (rad) is defined as what?
The x-rays that are most likely to be…
an electron is displaced from an atom
Protons and Neutrons
unit of absorbed dose of radiation of per gram of tissue
long wavelengths
In x radiation, ionization occurs when..
an electron is displaced from an atom
What is found inside of an atom?
Protons and Neutrons
36 terms
Dental Hygiene Radiology Board Review
The head is twisted.
The head is turned to one side, causin…
The patient's chin is too high, causin…
The cervical spine is slumped, appeari…
The head is twisted.
The head is turned to one side, causin…
90 terms
Dental radiology board review
Which radiology innovator is known as…
What is the source of electrons used f…
Where does the generation of xrays in…
Which theory best describes the free r…
Willhelm Roentgen
Tungsten filament
Tungsten target
Indirect theory
Which radiology innovator is known as…
Willhelm Roentgen
What is the source of electrons used f…
Tungsten filament
17 terms
Radiology Board Review
ionization
ion pair
ionizing radiation
particulate radiation
the production of ions (an atom that gains or loses an electr…
when an electron is removed from an atom in the ionization pr…
radiation that is capable of producing ions by removing or ad…
tiny particles of matter that possess mass and travel in stra…
ionization
the production of ions (an atom that gains or loses an electr…
ion pair
when an electron is removed from an atom in the ionization pr…
10 terms
Board Review (Radiology)
Penumbra
SLOB rule
Developer
Fixer
-area of unsharpness
-Same Lingual, Opposite Buccal
-Elon and Hydroquinone
-Sodium Thiosulfate
Penumbra
-area of unsharpness
SLOB rule
-Same Lingual, Opposite Buccal
26 terms
Radiology board review
Electromagnetic family
Ionization
AC Electricity
60... 15
The shorter the group's wavelength, the stronger the energy.…
The ejection of an electron from an atom. Produces charged io…
Movement of electrons (-) along a wire toward a (+) charge wh…
1 second = ____ impulses of x-rays... 1/4 second = ____ impulses…
Electromagnetic family
The shorter the group's wavelength, the stronger the energy.…
Ionization
The ejection of an electron from an atom. Produces charged io…
25 terms
BOARD REVIEW radiology
Ionization
Ionizing radiation
Particulate radiation
Electromagnetic radiation
The production of ions. An atom that gains or loses an electr…
Radiation that is capable of producing ions by removing or ad…
Tiny particles of matter that possess mass and trace in strai…
The propagation of wave like energy(without mass; without par…
Ionization
The production of ions. An atom that gains or loses an electr…
Ionizing radiation
Radiation that is capable of producing ions by removing or ad…
16 terms
Radiology Board Review
diagonally black line
apices not seen; air spaces
short teeth w/ blunted roots
long, distorted teeth
severely bent film
pt not biting on black all the way
too much vertical angulation
not enough vertical angulation
diagonally black line
severely bent film
apices not seen; air spaces
pt not biting on black all the way
193 terms
Board Review: Radiology
X-rays are a form of ____ energy.
X-rays travel at the speed of ___.
X-rays differ from light in that they…
X-rays are used in dentistry for what…
radiant
light
more ... shorter
diagnosis ... treatment planning... evaluation
X-rays are a form of ____ energy.
radiant
X-rays travel at the speed of ___.
light
59 terms
Radiology Board review
The shorter the group wavelength
What do X-rays produce that others do…
Ionization
AC electricity
The stronger the energy
Ionization
Ejection of an electron from an atom ... Produces Charged ion pa…
Movement of electron (-) along a wire toward a (+) charge whi…
The shorter the group wavelength
The stronger the energy
What do X-rays produce that others do…
Ionization
210 terms
Radiology Board review
Discovery of x-rays
Ionization
AC electricity
Conversion to impulses
Roentgen in 1895 while experimenting with Cathode ray tube
The ejection of an electron from an atom. Produces charged-io…
Movement of electrons (-) along a wire toward a (+) charge wh…
1 second= 60 impulses of x-rays... 1/4=15 impulses of x-rays
Discovery of x-rays
Roentgen in 1895 while experimenting with Cathode ray tube
Ionization
The ejection of an electron from an atom. Produces charged-io…
151 terms
Radiology Board Review
primary beam
1%
cathode electrode
tungsten filament
In taking radiographs, where does the greatest dose of radiat…
What percent of energy released in the x-ray tube is released…
What is surrounded by the moly-b-denum focusing cup
source of electrons used for x-ray production
primary beam
In taking radiographs, where does the greatest dose of radiat…
1%
What percent of energy released in the x-ray tube is released…
191 terms
Radiology- Board review
Aluminum filter absorbs long wave leng…
Aluminum filter reduces amount of ____…
T/F... Aluminum filer is low energy & sec…
What is positive portion of x-ray tube…
70 kVp or higher
soft radiation
True... 2.5 mm (2 3/4 inches) aluminum... 1.5 mm (1 1/2 inches) for…
Anode
Aluminum filter absorbs long wave leng…
70 kVp or higher
Aluminum filter reduces amount of ____…
soft radiation
104 terms
Radiology Board Review
Ionization
Another term for x-rays is _________
An atom is made up of _______ and ____…
X-rays are ______________ because they…
ejection of one of these electrons from its shell
photons.
protons ... neutrons
electromagnetic
Ionization
ejection of one of these electrons from its shell
Another term for x-rays is _________
photons.
26 terms
Radiology board review
Electromagnetic family
Ionization
AC Electricity
60... 15
The shorter the group's wavelength, the stronger the energy.…
The ejection of an electron from an atom. Produces charged io…
Movement of electrons (-) along a wire toward a (+) charge wh…
1 second = ____ impulses of x-rays... 1/4 second = ____ impulses…
Electromagnetic family
The shorter the group's wavelength, the stronger the energy.…
Ionization
The ejection of an electron from an atom. Produces charged io…
22 terms
Radiology Board Exam Review
Assault
Battery
Defamation
False imprisonment
Any willful attempt or threat to inflict injury on the person…
Any unlawful touching of another that is without justificatio…
Holding up a person to ridicule, scorn, or contempt in a resp…
Conscious Restraint of the freedom of a person without proper…
Assault
Any willful attempt or threat to inflict injury on the person…
Battery
Any unlawful touching of another that is without justificatio…
59 terms
Radiology Board review
The shorter the group wavelength
What do X-rays produce that others do…
Ionization
AC electricity
The stronger the energy
Ionization
Ejection of an electron from an atom ... Produces Charged ion pa…
Movement of electron (-) along a wire toward a (+) charge whi…
The shorter the group wavelength
The stronger the energy
What do X-rays produce that others do…
Ionization
104 terms
Radiology Board Review
Ionization
Another term for x-rays is _________
An atom is made up of _______ and ____…
X-rays are ______________ because they…
ejection of one of these electrons from its shell
photons.
protons ... neutrons
electromagnetic
Ionization
ejection of one of these electrons from its shell
Another term for x-rays is _________
photons.
48 terms
Radiology Board Review
The shorter the wavelength the stronge…
What do xrays produce ?
What is the ejection of an electron fr…
What type of electricity move negative…
stronger
ionization
Ionization
AC Electricity
The shorter the wavelength the stronge…
stronger
What do xrays produce ?
ionization
146 terms
Board Review - Radiology
- discovered the x-ray in 1895 while e…
- the production of ions (an atom that…
- this is the result when an electron…
- radiation that is capable of produci…
Wilhelm Roentgen
Ionization
Ion pair
Ionizing radiation
- discovered the x-ray in 1895 while e…
Wilhelm Roentgen
- the production of ions (an atom that…
Ionization
60 terms
Radiology board review
Source of electrons used for the produ…
The generation of x-rays occurs:
What would be a clinical situation in…
Increasing the mA will cause:
The tungsten filament produces electrons when heated and is a…
The tungsten target converts bombarding electrons into x-ray…
A higher kilovoltage peak should be used when the area to be…
The overall density of the radiograph and results in a darker…
Source of electrons used for the produ…
The tungsten filament produces electrons when heated and is a…
The generation of x-rays occurs:
The tungsten target converts bombarding electrons into x-ray…
1,042 terms
Dental radiology board review
Which radiology innovator is known as…
What is the source of electrons used f…
Where does the generation of xrays in…
Which theory best describes the free r…
Willhelm Roentgen
Tungsten filament
Tungsten target
Indirect theory
Which radiology innovator is known as…
Willhelm Roentgen
What is the source of electrons used f…
Tungsten filament
40 terms
Dental Radiology (BOARD REVIEW)
Electromagnetic family
Ionization
Alternating current electricity
Amperes (mA)
The shorter the group's wavelength, the stronger the energy.
The ejection of an electron from an atom. Provides charged io…
Movement of electrons (-) along a wire toward a (+) charge wh…
_________ describe the number of electrons flowing.
Electromagnetic family
The shorter the group's wavelength, the stronger the energy.
Ionization
The ejection of an electron from an atom. Provides charged io…
Dental radiology board review
Which radiology innovator is known as…
What is the source of electrons used f…
Where does the generation of xrays in…
Which theory best describes the free r…
Willhelm Roentgen
Tungsten filament
Tungsten target
Indirect theory
Which radiology innovator is known as…
Willhelm Roentgen
What is the source of electrons used f…
Tungsten filament
56 terms
Radiology State Board Review
Atom
Nucleus
Electrons
Molecule
central nucleus and orbiting electrons... (proton +, neutron no…
made up of protons and netrons... carry no charge
negative charge, ... travel around nucleus in paths... shell closes…
two or more atoms joined by chemical bond
Atom
central nucleus and orbiting electrons... (proton +, neutron no…
Nucleus
made up of protons and netrons... carry no charge
90 terms
Dental radiology board review
Which radiology innovator is known as…
What is the source of electrons used f…
Where does the generation of xrays in…
Which theory best describes the free r…
Willhelm Roentgen
Tungsten filament
Tungsten target
Indirect theory
Which radiology innovator is known as…
Willhelm Roentgen
What is the source of electrons used f…
Tungsten filament
11 terms
Board Qs radiology
rectangular collimator (you need to be…
coronoid process of the mandible
amperage, mA
voltage, kvp
This will produce an image with a skinny center, caused form…
What mandibular anatomical landmark can sometimes be visible…
___ deals with the # of electrons and is controlled by ___.
____ deals with the quality of x-rays produced and is control…
rectangular collimator (you need to be…
This will produce an image with a skinny center, caused form…
coronoid process of the mandible
What mandibular anatomical landmark can sometimes be visible…
66 terms
Radiology State board exam
when taking a pano radiograph of an ob…
the major disadvantage of the bisectin…
to reduce cross-contamination during r…
ideally a lead apron would be used
be increased, ... patients with more tissue (obese) or with den…
image distortion is more likely ... distortion of image increas…
take complete medical histories... Wear OSHA recommended PPE an…
for any dental radiograph ... -prevents radiation from reaching…
when taking a pano radiograph of an ob…
be increased, ... patients with more tissue (obese) or with den…
the major disadvantage of the bisectin…
image distortion is more likely ... distortion of image increas…
18 terms
Radiology Board Questions
What is a spiral/helical CT?
Pitch
HU of bone ?... Compact?... Cancellous
HU of Muscle?
has slip rings so can do single motion all around patient... b.…
PITCH = TABLE PER ROTATION/ SLICE WIDTH (BEAM WIDTH)... higher t…
1,000 HU (most imp value for implants because if value is muc…
0-100 HU
What is a spiral/helical CT?
has slip rings so can do single motion all around patient... b.…
Pitch
PITCH = TABLE PER ROTATION/ SLICE WIDTH (BEAM WIDTH)... higher t…
298 terms
Part IV Boards: Radiology
What are the 2 motive questions?
What is the motive for PA wrist with u…
What is the motive for cervical F/E fi…
What is the motive for cervical obliqu…
1. Office motive, 2. Color motive
to see the scaphoid
ADI; assess stability
IVF
What are the 2 motive questions?
1. Office motive, 2. Color motive
What is the motive for PA wrist with u…
to see the scaphoid
55 terms
National Board Review: Radiology
An increase in the kilovoltage peak (k…
The parcelling technique is referred t…
According to the inverse square law, a…
When using the bisecting technique for…
a. An increase in penetrating power of the x-rays... b. An incre…
a. The central ray of the x-ray beam is directed perpendicula…
a. Useful beam is decreased in size... b. Useful beam is less in…
a. The film is placed at an angle with one edge touching the…
An increase in the kilovoltage peak (k…
a. An increase in penetrating power of the x-rays... b. An incre…
The parcelling technique is referred t…
a. The central ray of the x-ray beam is directed perpendicula…
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