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Study sets matching "radiology positioning"

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Study sets matching "radiology positioning"

110 terms
Radiology Positioning Lab
1st Digit AP
1st Digit PA Oblique
1st Digit Lateral
Digit 2-5 PA
10x12 LW... 40" SID... Tabletop... CR perpendicular... CR Through MCP
10x12 LW ... 40" SID... Tabletop... CR perpendicular... CR through MCP
10x12 LW... 40" SID... Tabletop... CR perpendicular... CR through MCP
10x12 LW... 40" SID... Tabletop... CR perpendicular... CR through PIP
1st Digit AP
10x12 LW... 40" SID... Tabletop... CR perpendicular... CR Through MCP
1st Digit PA Oblique
10x12 LW ... 40" SID... Tabletop... CR perpendicular... CR through MCP
31 terms
radiology positioning
how do you name the view
VD
DV
RL
-first letter is where beam hits first... -second letter is wher…
on back
on stomach
on right side
how do you name the view
-first letter is where beam hits first... -second letter is wher…
VD
on back
22 terms
Radiology-positioning
Stifle- Lateral
Stifle- CdCr
Tib/Fib- Lateral
Tib/Fib- CdCr
1. Lay on side with affected leg down... 2. Pull leg straight... 3.…
1. Lay in sternal ... 2. Pull leg backwards and straight
1. Lay dog on side with affected leg down... 2. Sandbag leg down…
1. Sternal... 2. Pull leg backwards and straight
Stifle- Lateral
1. Lay on side with affected leg down... 2. Pull leg straight... 3.…
Stifle- CdCr
1. Lay in sternal ... 2. Pull leg backwards and straight
12 terms
Radiology - Positioning
What are the requirements for a proper…
What are the requirements for a proper…
What are the requirements for a proper…
What are the requirements for a proper…
- Center of image has central-central contact which is open
- Center of image is lateral incisor... - Central-lateral inciso…
- Center of image is canine... - Canine-lateral contact open
- Must show distal half of canine... - Majority of contacts are…
What are the requirements for a proper…
- Center of image has central-central contact which is open
What are the requirements for a proper…
- Center of image is lateral incisor... - Central-lateral inciso…
62 terms
Radiology Positioning
Dorsal
Ventral
Lateral
Medial
(D)
(V)
(L)
(M)
Dorsal
(D)
Ventral
(V)
10 terms
Radiology positioning
VD/Lat Thorax
VD/Lat Abdomen
VD Pelvis extended
VD Pelvis frog leg
Caudal border of the scapula
Caudel aspect of the 13th rib
Measure: thickest part of the pelvis... Beam: caudel aspect of t…
Measure: over acetabulum... Beam: caudel aspect of the pubis (le…
VD/Lat Thorax
Caudal border of the scapula
VD/Lat Abdomen
Caudel aspect of the 13th rib
21 terms
Radiology Positioning
What views are needed
visualize the anatomy you are trying t…
center primary beam on area of interest
place area of interest close to the film
(almost always 2)
what structures are you looking for and what landmarks do you…
to prevent distortion of area, better detail
to prevent magnification and blurring
What views are needed
(almost always 2)
visualize the anatomy you are trying t…
what structures are you looking for and what landmarks do you…
14 terms
positioning radiology
if the subject is too far away from th…
if the subject is not centered what ty…
if the subject is not parallel to the…
density is a measure of _____ and this…
geometric
elongation
foreshortening distortion
blackness, MAs
if the subject is too far away from th…
geometric
if the subject is not centered what ty…
elongation
110 terms
Radiology Positioning Lab
1st Digit AP
1st Digit PA Oblique
1st Digit Lateral
Digit 2-5 PA
10x12 LW... 40" SID... Tabletop... CR perpendicular... CR Through MCP
10x12 LW ... 40" SID... Tabletop... CR perpendicular... CR through MCP
10x12 LW... 40" SID... Tabletop... CR perpendicular... CR through MCP
10x12 LW... 40" SID... Tabletop... CR perpendicular... CR through PIP
1st Digit AP
10x12 LW... 40" SID... Tabletop... CR perpendicular... CR Through MCP
1st Digit PA Oblique
10x12 LW ... 40" SID... Tabletop... CR perpendicular... CR through MCP
32 terms
Radiologic Positioning
Anatomy
Physiology
Osteology
Body Planes
Is the term applied to the science of the structure of the bo…
is the study of the function of the body organs.
is the detailed study of the body of knowledge relating to th…
The full dimension of the human body as viewed in the anatomi…
Anatomy
Is the term applied to the science of the structure of the bo…
Physiology
is the study of the function of the body organs.
8 terms
Radiology positions
Caudocranial view of the Scapula
Shoulder lateral view
Caudocranial view of the shoulder
Humerus lateral view
VD with both forelegs extended cranially, but the sternum sho…
The shoulder of interest closest to the cassette, and the leg…
VD with both forelimbs extended cranially
The humerus is closest to the cassette and is extended but be…
Caudocranial view of the Scapula
VD with both forelegs extended cranially, but the sternum sho…
Shoulder lateral view
The shoulder of interest closest to the cassette, and the leg…
21 terms
Radiology Positions
Radiographic View
Radiographic Position
Radiographic Projection
Recumbent
Describes the body part as seen by the x-ray film or other re…
Refers to a specific body position for the patient
The path of the x-ray beam as it passes through the patient.
Lying down in any position
Radiographic View
Describes the body part as seen by the x-ray film or other re…
Radiographic Position
Refers to a specific body position for the patient
22 terms
Radiologic Positioning
AP Lower Cervical
Neutral Lateral
AP Open Mouth
L/R Anterior Obliques
...
...
...
...
AP Lower Cervical
...
Neutral Lateral
...
58 terms
Radiology Positioning Best Demonstrates
PA Chest
Lateral Chest
Lordotic Chest
Anterior Oblique Position
Lungs to include apices, air filled trachea, bronchi, heart a…
Retrocardiac space, lungs, trachea, heart and great vessels,…
Apices without clavicular superimposition. This view is used…
For anterior obliques, side of interest is upside. For cardia…
PA Chest
Lungs to include apices, air filled trachea, bronchi, heart a…
Lateral Chest
Retrocardiac space, lungs, trachea, heart and great vessels,…
140 terms
Radiology - Spine Positioning - Ian
How many vertebrae make up the vertebr…
How many vertebrae are there in the ce…
How many vertebrae are there in the lu…
How many vertebrae are there in the th…
33
7
5
12
How many vertebrae make up the vertebr…
33
How many vertebrae are there in the ce…
7
18 terms
radiology- patient positioning
preparing the patient
once the patient is on the table
ventral
dorsal
patient should be clean, as dry as possible, remove collars,…
area of interest should be center of the xray beam, make sure…
view of the head, neck, trunk and tail from underneath patient
view from animal above, upper aspect of head, neck, trunk and…
preparing the patient
patient should be clean, as dry as possible, remove collars,…
once the patient is on the table
area of interest should be center of the xray beam, make sure…
12 terms
Radiology positions
Anteriorposterior
Posteroantrrior
Oblique
Lateral
Xray beam is directed from front to back . Patient may be sta…
X ray beam is directed back to front. Patient standing uprigh…
Patient is turned at angle to film plate so XR beam can see t…
X-ray beam is directed toward one side of body. In right late…
Anteriorposterior
Xray beam is directed from front to back . Patient may be sta…
Posteroantrrior
X ray beam is directed back to front. Patient standing uprigh…
70 terms
Radiology - Positioning Test - Ian
On the dorsoplantar projection of the…
For an oblique view of the foot, how m…
Where should the central ray enter for…
Which of the following would not be de…
A. 10 degrees
B. 30 degrees
B. Base of the 3rd metatarsal
D. Ankle joint
On the dorsoplantar projection of the…
A. 10 degrees
For an oblique view of the foot, how m…
B. 30 degrees
22 terms
Radiology II Forelimb positioning
Marker position for mediolateral view
Marker position for dorsopalmar or cra…
Views for carpus/metacarpus/phalanges
Measure for area of interest for carpus
Marker is on cranial/caudal side
Marker is on lateral side of the limb with the letter of the…
Mediolateral(pull affected digit cranially) and dorsopalmar
At the joint
Marker position for mediolateral view
Marker is on cranial/caudal side
Marker position for dorsopalmar or cra…
Marker is on lateral side of the limb with the letter of the…
70 terms
Radiology - Positioning Test
On the dorsoplantar projection of the…
For an oblique view of the foot, how m…
Where should the central ray enter for…
Which of the following would not be de…
A. 10 degrees
B. 30 degrees
B. Base of the 3rd metatarsal
D. Ankle joint
On the dorsoplantar projection of the…
A. 10 degrees
For an oblique view of the foot, how m…
B. 30 degrees
11 terms
Radiology Midterm Positioning
Limb Termonolgy
Oblique
Radiographic projection
Image receptor
proximal to carpus or tarsus... referred to as cranial or caudal…
when xray beam passes obliquely through one of the three majo…
path taken by an xray beam as it passes through the body
Device that changes x-ray beam into a visible image
Limb Termonolgy
proximal to carpus or tarsus... referred to as cranial or caudal…
Oblique
when xray beam passes obliquely through one of the three majo…
34 terms
Radiology - Upper Extremity Positioning -
AC Joints
AP Shoulder ... Trauma Projection... Neutr…
Lateral Shoulder... Scapular y Lateral…
Transthoracic Lateral... Shoulder... (Law…
40"... Bilateral AP Projection w/ or w/o weights... 1- No weights…
40"... Rotate thorax slightly as needed to place posterior shou…
40"... Rotate pt into a 45-60 degree anterior oblique as for a…
40" - Acute injury to shoulder... Coronal plane of body is perp…
AC Joints
40"... Bilateral AP Projection w/ or w/o weights... 1- No weights…
AP Shoulder ... Trauma Projection... Neutr…
40"... Rotate thorax slightly as needed to place posterior shou…
30 terms
Radiology - Skull Positioning - Ian
AP axial (Towne): position
AP axial (Towne): central ray
AP axial (Towne): shows
Lateral: position
supine or upright, MSP perpendicular and centered to midline…
thru foramen magnum, caudal 30degrees to OML or 37degrees to…
symmetric image of petrous pyramids, posterior portion of for…
seated upright or semiprone, side of interest closest to IR,…
AP axial (Towne): position
supine or upright, MSP perpendicular and centered to midline…
AP axial (Towne): central ray
thru foramen magnum, caudal 30degrees to OML or 37degrees to…
70 terms
Radiology - Positioning Test - Ian
On the dorsoplantar projection of the…
For an oblique view of the foot, how m…
Where should the central ray enter for…
Which of the following would not be de…
A. 10 degrees
B. 30 degrees
B. Base of the 3rd metatarsal
D. Ankle joint
On the dorsoplantar projection of the…
A. 10 degrees
For an oblique view of the foot, how m…
B. 30 degrees
63 terms
Abdomen Anatomy & Positioning in Radiology
What are the breathing instruction for…
Which body plane is centered to the mi…
Which organ produces bile?
Which body function does the pancreas…
Suspended expiration
Midsagittal
Liver
Production of insulin and digestive juices
What are the breathing instruction for…
Suspended expiration
Which body plane is centered to the mi…
Midsagittal
207 terms
Radiology: Lower Limb Positioning
What are the basic positions for toes?
What size IR do you use for toes?
What kV range do you use for toes?
What mAs do you use for an average siz…
AP, Oblique, and Lateral
8 by 10 crosswise
50 to 60 kV
2 mAs
What are the basic positions for toes?
AP, Oblique, and Lateral
What size IR do you use for toes?
8 by 10 crosswise
19 terms
Radiology Positioning: Midterm Practical
What is the order of events you are go…
Lateral Cervical Neurtral (LCN)
AP Lower Cervical (APLC)
AP OPEN MOUTH (APOM)
1. FFD... 2. Tube Tilt... 3. Collimate... 4. Filter... 5. Size of Film... 6.…
FFD = 72"... Tube Tilt = None... Collimate = Vertically to film siz…
FFD = 40"... Tube Tilt = 15 degrees cephalic ... Collimate = Vertic…
FFD = 40"... Tube Tilt = None ... Collimate = Vertically to exclude…
What is the order of events you are go…
1. FFD... 2. Tube Tilt... 3. Collimate... 4. Filter... 5. Size of Film... 6.…
Lateral Cervical Neurtral (LCN)
FFD = 72"... Tube Tilt = None... Collimate = Vertically to film siz…
57 terms
Radiology: Lower Limb Positioning
Directly on the tabletop.
Raise the tube by 3 to 4 inches
Yes, always shield gonads of patients
Parallel
Where is the IR generally located for a radiograph of the low…
When the IR is on the tabletop, how do you adjust your SID?
Should you shield for lower limb radiographs?
Always place the long axis of the part being radiographed ___…
Directly on the tabletop.
Where is the IR generally located for a radiograph of the low…
Raise the tube by 3 to 4 inches
When the IR is on the tabletop, how do you adjust your SID?
25 terms
Radiology (Instructing and Positioning the patient)
Seiso selkä suorana.
Seiso kasvot kohti tätä kojetta.
Nojaa hieman eteenpäin.
Taivuta pääsi alaspäin niin että leuka…
Stand upright. Stand up straight.
Stand facing this device.
Lean slightly forward.
Bow your head and place chin as close as possible against che…
Seiso selkä suorana.
Stand upright. Stand up straight.
Seiso kasvot kohti tätä kojetta.
Stand facing this device.
13 terms
radiology positions (session 3)
abduction
adduction
eversion
extension
movement away from midline
movement towards midline
turning outward
straightening of the limb
abduction
movement away from midline
adduction
movement towards midline
11 terms
MBUS 101 Radiology Positioning Terminology
Projection
Central Ray (CR)
Anteroposterior (AP) projection
Posteroanterior (PA) projection
Direction/path of central ray (CR) of x-ray beam as it passes…
Exact center point of the x-ray beam as it penetrates the bod…
Projection of the CR from the anterior to the posterior of th…
Projection of the CR from the posterior to the anterior
Projection
Direction/path of central ray (CR) of x-ray beam as it passes…
Central Ray (CR)
Exact center point of the x-ray beam as it penetrates the bod…
69 terms
Radiology: Lower Limb Positioning
Where is the IR generally located for…
When the IR is on the tabletop, how do…
Should you shield for lower limb radio…
Always place the long axis of the part…
Directly on the tabletop.
Raise the tube by 3 to 4 inches
Yes, always shield gonads of patients of reproductive age
Parallel
Where is the IR generally located for…
Directly on the tabletop.
When the IR is on the tabletop, how do…
Raise the tube by 3 to 4 inches
16 terms
Radiology Chest Positions & Projections
Anterior Oblique Chest (RAO & LAO)
Lateral Decubitus AP Chest
AP Axial Projection... Chest Lung Apices…
PA Chest
72"... Erect, rotated 45 (RAO - rt shoulder against IR)... Heart…
72"... Recumbent, lying on side of interest.... Cr is horizontal…
72"... Pt stands facing tube,arches back and places shoulders a…
72"... Backs of hands are placed on hips and shoulders rotated…
Anterior Oblique Chest (RAO & LAO)
72"... Erect, rotated 45 (RAO - rt shoulder against IR)... Heart…
Lateral Decubitus AP Chest
72"... Recumbent, lying on side of interest.... Cr is horizontal…
232 terms
Radiology Positioning Midterm
What is the order of events you are go…
Lateral Cervical Neurtral (LCN)
AP Lower Cervical (APLC)
AP Open Mouth (APOM)
1. FFD... 2. Tube Tilt... 3. Collimate... 4. Filter... 5. Size of Film... 6.…
FFD = 72"... Tube Tilt = None... Collimate = Vertically to film siz…
FFD = 40"... Tube Tilt = 15 degrees cephalic ... Collimate = Vertic…
FFD = 40"... Tube Tilt = None ... Collimate = Vertically to exclude…
What is the order of events you are go…
1. FFD... 2. Tube Tilt... 3. Collimate... 4. Filter... 5. Size of Film... 6.…
Lateral Cervical Neurtral (LCN)
FFD = 72"... Tube Tilt = None... Collimate = Vertically to film siz…
58 terms
Radiology Positioning Best Demonstrates
PA Chest
Lateral Chest
Lordotic Chest
Anterior Oblique Position
Lungs to include apices, air filled trachea, bronchi, heart a…
Retrocardiac space, lungs, trachea, heart and great vessels,…
Apices without clavicular superimposition. This view is used…
For anterior obliques, side of interest is upside. For cardia…
PA Chest
Lungs to include apices, air filled trachea, bronchi, heart a…
Lateral Chest
Retrocardiac space, lungs, trachea, heart and great vessels,…
60 terms
Radiology - Positioning II - Ian
Most comfortable position and clavicle…
Located at the distal end of the radius
The proper CR angle and direction on t…
The CR entrance point for the AP proje…
AP and AP axial projections with patient in a recumbent posit…
Styloid process
15° to 30° cephalic
1 inch medial and inferior to coracoid process
Most comfortable position and clavicle…
AP and AP axial projections with patient in a recumbent posit…
Located at the distal end of the radius
Styloid process
58 terms
Radiology Positioning Best Demonstrates
PA Chest
Lateral Chest
Lordotic Chest
Anterior Oblique Position
Lungs to include apices, air filled trachea, bronchi, heart a…
Retrocardiac space, lungs, trachea, heart and great vessels,…
Apices without clavicular superimposition. This view is used…
For anterior obliques, side of interest is upside. For cardia…
PA Chest
Lungs to include apices, air filled trachea, bronchi, heart a…
Lateral Chest
Retrocardiac space, lungs, trachea, heart and great vessels,…
78 terms
General Anatomy & Radiology Positioning Terms
What are the four body planes?
Sagittal
Coronal
Horizontal
1. Sagittal... 2. Cornonal... 3.Horizontal... 4. Oblique
Dividing the body into right and left segments
Dividing the body into anterior and posterior
Crosswise through the body at a right angle, dividing body in…
What are the four body planes?
1. Sagittal... 2. Cornonal... 3.Horizontal... 4. Oblique
Sagittal
Dividing the body into right and left segments
97 terms
Radiology Terminology: Positioning Test
Radiographer
Radiograph
Radiologist
Position
the person certified/ credentialed to take radiographs. Can s…
image produced
the physician who is specifically trained to make diagnosis f…
refers to the way we manipulate (position) the patient to dem…
Radiographer
the person certified/ credentialed to take radiographs. Can s…
Radiograph
image produced
97 terms
Unit #3 Radiologic Positioning Terminology
Radiograph
IR
5 parts to a Radiographic Exam
anatomical position
an image of an anatomic part recorded on xray film or IR
Image Receptor
1)position body and align CR... 2)select radiation protection me…
standing up straight with palms face foward
Radiograph
an image of an anatomic part recorded on xray film or IR
IR
Image Receptor
58 terms
Radiology Positioning Best Demonstrates
PA Chest
Lateral Chest
Lordotic Chest
Anterior Oblique Position
Lungs to include apices, air filled trachea, bronchi, heart a…
Retrocardiac space, lungs, trachea, heart and great vessels,…
Apices without clavicular superimposition. This view is used…
For anterior obliques, side of interest is upside. For cardia…
PA Chest
Lungs to include apices, air filled trachea, bronchi, heart a…
Lateral Chest
Retrocardiac space, lungs, trachea, heart and great vessels,…
28 terms
Radiology Positioning Landmarks/Beam
Scapula
Shoulder
Humerus
Elbow
Landmarks: include shoulder joint and caudal border of the sc…
Landmarks: distal- 1' of humerus, center-directly over should…
Landmarks: distal- include elbow joint, center- mid humerus,…
Landmarks: distal- include 1' of radius and ulna, center- dir…
Scapula
Landmarks: include shoulder joint and caudal border of the sc…
Shoulder
Landmarks: distal- 1' of humerus, center-directly over should…
35 terms
Diag Assessment (Radiology Positioning)
Path of the central ray as it exits x-…
CR enters the anterior surface and exi…
CR enters the posterior surface and ex…
Longitudinal angle of the CR of 10 deg…
projection
AP--anteroposterior... (e.g. kidneys / spines)
PA--posteroanterior... (e.g. heart / stomach)
axial
Path of the central ray as it exits x-…
projection
CR enters the anterior surface and exi…
AP--anteroposterior... (e.g. kidneys / spines)
97 terms
Radiology Positioning and Anatomy - Ch1
Chemical Level
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Muscular Tissue
The lowest level of organization in the human body
Tissues that cover internal and external surfaces of the body…
Supportive tissues that bind together and support various str…
Tissues that make up the substance of a muscle.
Chemical Level
The lowest level of organization in the human body
Epithelial Tissue
Tissues that cover internal and external surfaces of the body…
28 terms
224 radiology positioning
what views are needed?
visualize the anatomy
can pt be held with devices?
center primary beam
almost always two. ... what are you trying to see? ... oblique?
what structures/landmarks do you want to include
or drugs needed? ... not always practical. ... do not make injury w…
prevent distortion of area, better detail
what views are needed?
almost always two. ... what are you trying to see? ... oblique?
visualize the anatomy
what structures/landmarks do you want to include
33 terms
Radiographic Positioning and Radiologic Procedures
Radiographic View
Patient Position
Body Part Position
Central Ray (CR)
name of exam
Position patient will be in when exposure is made.
What position the specific body part examined will be placed.
Project path of the primary x-ray beam, defines where x-ray b…
Radiographic View
name of exam
Patient Position
Position patient will be in when exposure is made.
61 terms
Radiology Positioning Abdomen
How do you maximize the inherent contr…
An average 13- to 15- cm dog would req…
Because of the difference in thickness…
What are the most common views for the…
use higher kVp and lower mAs
70-kVp and 6-8 mAs
-marked difference in density between the cranial and caudal…
-right or left lateral... -ventrodorsal
How do you maximize the inherent contr…
use higher kVp and lower mAs
An average 13- to 15- cm dog would req…
70-kVp and 6-8 mAs
17 terms
Radiology: Small Animal Positioning and Limb Radiology
Radiograph International Standard
Limb Terminology: Cranial and Caudal
Limb Terminology: Dorsal and Palmar/Pl…
International Standard for Limbs
-VD and a right lateral... -These are also called survey views,…
-Used proximally to carpus/tarsus... -Cranial= front surface of…
-Used distally to the carpus and tarsus... -Dorsal= top surface…
-Cr/Cd or DP, depending on area of interest
Radiograph International Standard
-VD and a right lateral... -These are also called survey views,…
Limb Terminology: Cranial and Caudal
-Used proximally to carpus/tarsus... -Cranial= front surface of…
2. Radiology Positioning
What is on the pre-xray checklist?
What are common indications for x-rays?
What is included on the x-ray label?
What factors do you use to choose the…
Ask "do you need x-rays?"... Appropriate views... Pregnancy... Label... L…
Bone pathology... Joint pathology... Some foreign body... After osseou…
Name... Date ... Right or left... Facility
Exam... History... Symptoms... Type of injury... Clinical presentation
What is on the pre-xray checklist?
Ask "do you need x-rays?"... Appropriate views... Pregnancy... Label... L…
What are common indications for x-rays?
Bone pathology... Joint pathology... Some foreign body... After osseou…
16 terms
Radiology Tech Positioning and Anatomy
How many tarsal bones are found in the…
Which metatarsal bone of the foot has…
Which term describes the top or anteri…
Where would the interphalangeal joint…
7
Fifth
Dorsum
Between the phalanges of the first digit
How many tarsal bones are found in the…
7
Which metatarsal bone of the foot has…
Fifth
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