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Study sets matching "reations and enzymes"

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Study sets matching "reations and enzymes"

19 terms
Enzymes and chemical reations
The factors that affect enzyme activit…
Enzymes
Active site
Catalyst
PH, Temperature, amount of substrate
are proteins that act as biological catalysts
a restricted region of an enzyme molecule which binds to the…
A substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
The factors that affect enzyme activit…
PH, Temperature, amount of substrate
Enzymes
are proteins that act as biological catalysts
11 terms
chemical reations
chemical reaction
reactant
products
bond energy
change in substances into different substances by breaking an…
are the substances that are changed during a chemical reaction.
are the the substances made by a chemical reaction
is the the amount of energy that it takes to break a bond bet…
chemical reaction
change in substances into different substances by breaking an…
reactant
are the substances that are changed during a chemical reaction.
32 terms
Chelmicl Reations
Catalyst
Endothermic Reaction
Exothermic Reaction
Chemical Equation
A substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction.
A reaction in which energy is absorbed
A reaction that releases energy in the form of heat
a way to describe a chemical reaction using chemical formulas…
Catalyst
A substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction.
Endothermic Reaction
A reaction in which energy is absorbed
11 terms
ENZYMES
Activation Energy
Catalyst
Active Site
Enzyme activity
Energy needed to get a reaction started
substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction w…
special shaped area that fits onto the substrate-place where…
moles of substrate converted per unit time
Activation Energy
Energy needed to get a reaction started
Catalyst
substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction w…
enzymes and digestion
types of reactions
anabolic reaction
catabolic reaction
metabolism
-anabolic... -catabolic... -metabolism
builds things up
breaks things down
sum of both anabolic and catabolic
types of reactions
-anabolic... -catabolic... -metabolism
anabolic reaction
builds things up
25 terms
Enzymes
Enzymes
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Proteins... Dependent upon unique shapes... High specific... Extremely…
Enzymes speed up....
constructing molecules from smaller units (require energy)
breaks down molecules from smaller units that are either oxid…
Enzymes
Proteins... Dependent upon unique shapes... High specific... Extremely…
Metabolism
Enzymes speed up....
17 terms
Enzymes
Catalyst
Enzyme
Intracellular enzyme
Extra cellular enzyme
A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction.
A protein that acts as a catalyst.
Enzymes that catalyse reactions within cells.
Enzymes that catalyse reactions outside cells.
Catalyst
A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction.
Enzyme
A protein that acts as a catalyst.
16 terms
Reaction Rate/ Chemical Reations
Can't be broken down without a chemica…
The amount of time it takes a reaction…
All chemical reaction rates increase t…
All chemical reaction rates decrease t…
Substance
Reaction rate
Temperature, surface area, stirring, concentration, and catal…
Inhibitors
Can't be broken down without a chemica…
Substance
The amount of time it takes a reaction…
Reaction rate
10 terms
enzymes
why is it necessary to have enzymes in…
enzymes are ......
____________ speed up chemical reactions
enzymes speed up .....
for chemical reactions
catalyst
catalyst
chemical reactions
why is it necessary to have enzymes in…
for chemical reactions
enzymes are ......
catalyst
12 terms
Chemical Reations
Rate of reaction
Exothermic Reaction
Product
Reactant
How fast a reaction occurs.
A reaction that releases heat.
Substance formed by a chemical reaction.
Substance that exists before a reaction begins.
Rate of reaction
How fast a reaction occurs.
Exothermic Reaction
A reaction that releases heat.
80 terms
Chapter 6 - Metabolis: Energy and Enzymes
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Chemical Energy
The ability to do work or bring about change
Energy of motion
Stored energy
Contains energy in chemical bonds of organic molecules
Energy
The ability to do work or bring about change
Kinetic Energy
Energy of motion
chapter 2 chemical reactions
activation energy
catalyst
chemical equation
chemical reation
minim amount of energy needed to start.
substance the speeds up.
short hand form for witing
Process that produces chemical change
activation energy
minim amount of energy needed to start.
catalyst
substance the speeds up.
38 terms
Chapter 8 Enzymes and Energy
Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
First Laws of thermodynamics
ability to do work
Stored Energy
energy of motion
Conservation of energy... energy cannot be created or destroyed…
Energy
ability to do work
Potential Energy
Stored Energy
7 terms
enzymes
catalyst
enzyme
activation energy
active site
substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
protein catalyst that speeds up chemical reactions by lowerin…
energy needed to start a chemical reation
part of an enzyme where substrate molecules bind and undergo…
catalyst
substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
enzyme
protein catalyst that speeds up chemical reactions by lowerin…
20 terms
Enzymes
Catabolic reations
Anabolic reations
Extracellular enzymes
Intracellular enzymes
Large molecules into smaller ones
Large molecules built from small ones
Enzymes out of cell
Enzymes within the cell
Catabolic reations
Large molecules into smaller ones
Anabolic reations
Large molecules built from small ones
18 terms
Enzymes and Macromolecules
Raising the temperature will ________…
Boiling enzymes will ________ enzymati…
Freezing enzymes will ________ enzymat…
Optimal pH will ________ enzymatic rea…
Increase
Decrease
Decrease
Increase
Raising the temperature will ________…
Increase
Boiling enzymes will ________ enzymati…
Decrease
15 terms
A level enzymes definition
Active site
Catylyst
Extracellular
Intracellular
Indented area on the surface of an enzyme molecule, with a sh…
Chemical that speeds up the rate of reaction and remains unch…
Outside the cell
Inside the cell
Active site
Indented area on the surface of an enzyme molecule, with a sh…
Catylyst
Chemical that speeds up the rate of reaction and remains unch…
38 terms
Chapter 8 Enzymes and Energy
Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
First Laws of thermodynamics
ability to do work
Stored Energy
energy of motion
Conservation of energy... energy cannot be created or destroyed…
Energy
ability to do work
Potential Energy
Stored Energy
41 terms
Enzymes CH8
Metabolism
Metabolic pathway
Catabolic pathway
Anabolic pathway
The totality of an organisms chemical reactions. ... - is an eme…
Begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product ... -eac…
release energy by breaking down complex molecules into simple…
consumes energy to build complex molecules. ... -ex: synthesis o…
Metabolism
The totality of an organisms chemical reactions. ... - is an eme…
Metabolic pathway
Begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product ... -eac…
27 terms
enzymes + homeworks
enzyme
digestion, synthesis, cellular respira…
Order speed
substrate
a protein that changes the rate o speed of a chemical reaction
Enzymes help in chemical reaction like _____________, _______…
Enzymes help to occur in the correct ______ and _______.
the specific substance that an enzyme acts upon usually end i…
enzyme
a protein that changes the rate o speed of a chemical reaction
digestion, synthesis, cellular respira…
Enzymes help in chemical reaction like _____________, _______…
17 terms
biology enzymes and energy quiz
What does the arrow always point to?
Activation energy
Catalyst
What is another name for an organic ca…
The product
The amount of energy required to start a chemical reaction
speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
enzymes (proteins)
What does the arrow always point to?
The product
Activation energy
The amount of energy required to start a chemical reaction
18 terms
Enzymes
Activation energy
Coenzyme
Substrate
Active site
Energy needed for starting a reation
Help an enzyme do its job (vitamins)
The substance an enzyme works on reactant
Region were the substrate works on reactant
Activation energy
Energy needed for starting a reation
Coenzyme
Help an enzyme do its job (vitamins)
12 terms
Enzymes
Metabolism
Enzymes
Catalase
Speed up reactions... Breakdown food... Buil…
Total of all chemical reactions in an organism
Proteins that speed up chemical reactions
Speeds up a chemical reation
Some functions of enzymes
Metabolism
Total of all chemical reactions in an organism
Enzymes
Proteins that speed up chemical reactions
19 terms
Chemical reations
Chemical reactions
Reactant
Products
Subscript
Occur when molecules bump into each other
The chemicals on the left side of a chemical equation
The chemicals on the right side of a chemical equation
A small number following a symbol for an element that indicat…
Chemical reactions
Occur when molecules bump into each other
Reactant
The chemicals on the left side of a chemical equation
15 terms
Enzymes
Enzyme
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
chemical reactions happening in a cell
putting small molecules into larger cells
breaking large molecules into smaller cells
Enzyme
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
Metabolism
chemical reactions happening in a cell
15 terms
Enzymes
Induced fit
Enzyme
Why important
Lactase breaks down
Is when a right substrates and a enzyme fit perfectly together
Speed up chemical reactions converts substrate or sub's to a…
Start chemical reations
Lactose
Induced fit
Is when a right substrates and a enzyme fit perfectly together
Enzyme
Speed up chemical reactions converts substrate or sub's to a…
8 terms
Unit 2. Antibody Actions, Major Antibodies, & Allergic Reations
________________ - attach to antigen c…
_________________ ______________ _____…
Action of Complement Proteins:... A) ____…
Newborns receive antibody _____ from t…
Attachment, neutralization
Complement enzyme activation
A) attract phagocytes... B) Agglutination... E) increase... F) Inflamm…
IgG, IgA
________________ - attach to antigen c…
Attachment, neutralization
_________________ ______________ _____…
Complement enzyme activation
20 terms
biology enzymes and energy quiz
What does the arrow always point to?
Activation energy
Catalyst
What is another name for catalyst?
The product
The amount of energy required to start a chemical reaction
speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
enzymes
What does the arrow always point to?
The product
Activation energy
The amount of energy required to start a chemical reaction
8 terms
Unit 2. Antibody Actions, Major Antibodies, & Allergic Reations
________________ - attach to antigen c…
_________________ ______________ _____…
Action of Complement Proteins:... A) ____…
Newborns receive antibody _____ from t…
Attachment, neutralization
Complement enzyme activation
A) attract phagocytes... B) Agglutination... E) increase... F) Inflamm…
IgG, IgA
________________ - attach to antigen c…
Attachment, neutralization
_________________ ______________ _____…
Complement enzyme activation
20 terms
Enzymes
Enzyme
What do enzymes do
Enzymes are named after their
Enzyme names end in
proteins that regulate chemical reactions in an organism
catalyze (speed up) chemical reactions in living organisms
substrate they act upon and/or the type of reaction they cata…
ase
Enzyme
proteins that regulate chemical reactions in an organism
What do enzymes do
catalyze (speed up) chemical reactions in living organisms
17 terms
Metabolism and Enzymes
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathways
Exergonic Reaction
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions
Begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product
Release energy by breaking down complex molecules into simple…
Energy is released
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions
Metabolic Pathway
Begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product
12 terms
Biology Enzymes
monomer
enzymes
substrate
active site
amino acids that are bonded together by peptide bonds
-type of protein -speed up chemical reactions -act as catalys…
the reactant that an enzyme binds to
where the substrate bonds with the enzyme
monomer
amino acids that are bonded together by peptide bonds
enzymes
-type of protein -speed up chemical reactions -act as catalys…
7 terms
Enzymes Quiz
enzyme
-ase
chemcial reation
active site
polypeptide, 50-100 amino acids, speed up chemical reactions,…
typically enzyme suffix
substance chemically changes into another
notch on the surface of the enzyme, where reaction happens
enzyme
polypeptide, 50-100 amino acids, speed up chemical reactions,…
-ase
typically enzyme suffix
8 terms
CH 6 - ROLE OF ENZYMES
Enzyme
Protein
Activation energy
Concentration
A protein (or RNA molecule) that serves as a biological catal…
A functional biological molecule consisting of one or more po…
The minimum quantity of energy that the reaction species must…
The number of molecules or ions in a given volume of a substa…
Enzyme
A protein (or RNA molecule) that serves as a biological catal…
Protein
A functional biological molecule consisting of one or more po…
15 terms
Enzymes
Edothermic
Exothermic
Enzymes
Cofactors
Requires energy input
reaction where energy is given off
Are catalysts, themselves unchanged in the reaction, lower th…
usually required to make an enzyme affective
Edothermic
Requires energy input
Exothermic
reaction where energy is given off
20 terms
Exam 3 Enzymes
Enzymes
Reactants(Substrates)
Products
Activation Energy
Proteins that speed up chemical reactions
compounds broken down by an enzyme
A substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started. More enzymes speeds…
Enzymes
Proteins that speed up chemical reactions
Reactants(Substrates)
compounds broken down by an enzyme
42 terms
B6 Biology Ch6 Chemistry of Biology
Atom
Proton
Electron
Neutron
the building blocks of matter
Positively charged particle found in the nucleus
Negatively charged particle found out side of the nucleus
A neutral particle found in the nucleus
Atom
the building blocks of matter
Proton
Positively charged particle found in the nucleus
16 terms
Photosynthesis_1
Photosynthesis
Light dependent reactions
Photolysis
Noncyclic Photophosphorylation
6CO2 + 12H20 (light) - > C6H12O6 + 6O2... Process by which plan…
Use light directly to produce ATP in the grana... (1) Light is a…
Splitting of water to provide electrons (to replace those los…
Primary form of light-dependent reaction - ATP and NADPH are…
Photosynthesis
6CO2 + 12H20 (light) - > C6H12O6 + 6O2... Process by which plan…
Light dependent reactions
Use light directly to produce ATP in the grana... (1) Light is a…
10 terms
Enzymes
Catalyst
Enzyme
How does an Enzyme speed up chemical r…
Activation Energy
Substance that speeds chemical reaction
Protein catalyst that speeds up a chemical reaction within an…
By lowering the activation energy
Energy needed to get a chemical reaction started
Catalyst
Substance that speeds chemical reaction
Enzyme
Protein catalyst that speeds up a chemical reaction within an…
30 terms
Biology: Chapter 2.3 and 2.4 Chemistry of Life part B
polymers
monomer
macromolecule
carbohydrates
molecules that consist of many smaller units (monomers)
the individual building blocks that create a polymer
a large molecule like a polymer; 4 types are: proteins, carbo…
organic molecules that always contain carbon, hydrogen, and o…
polymers
molecules that consist of many smaller units (monomers)
monomer
the individual building blocks that create a polymer
23 terms
Enzymes
Enzymes
Enzymes that act on fats
Lipase
Lipoxygenase
Proteins that catalyze organic or biological reactions... ◦ Char…
Lipase... ◦ catalyzes the hydrolysis of fats (remove fatty... acids…
Lipase is problem for raw milk... Pungent flavor reminicent of b…
penut oil nut oil
Enzymes
Proteins that catalyze organic or biological reactions... ◦ Char…
Enzymes that act on fats
Lipase... ◦ catalyzes the hydrolysis of fats (remove fatty... acids…
17 terms
Chapter 12 Vocabulary
Chemical reaction
Chemical equation
Reactant
Product
A process where atoms of one or more substances rearrange to…
A description of a reactant using element symbols and chemica…
The starting substances in a chemical reaction
The substances produced by the chemical reaction
Chemical reaction
A process where atoms of one or more substances rearrange to…
Chemical equation
A description of a reactant using element symbols and chemica…
18 terms
ENZYMES
Activation energy
The ordered molecules of cells from sp…
Add heat-it speeds up molecules and at…
They lower the activation energy neede…
The barrier of energy that must be overcome before a chemical…
What does the activation energy prevent?
How can a reaction that a cell requires get over the energy b…
How does enzymes speed up a reaction?
Activation energy
The barrier of energy that must be overcome before a chemical…
The ordered molecules of cells from sp…
What does the activation energy prevent?
71 terms
Lab Enzymes
In all chemical reactions, the ______…
products
_____ are organic catalystst that seed…
specific
reactants
...
enzymes
...
In all chemical reactions, the ______…
reactants
products
...
11 terms
Chapter 2.4- Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical reaction
Reactants
Products
Potential energy
process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
elements or compounds that enter into the reaction
elements or compounds produced by the reaction
the energy of an object at rest
Chemical reaction
process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
Reactants
elements or compounds that enter into the reaction
40 terms
Enzymes
Metabolism
Water, Energy
Catabolism
Respiration, Digestion, Decomposition
all of the chemical reactions that take place in an organism
all chemical reactions that take place in an organism need __…
breaking down substances
examples of Catabolism
Metabolism
all of the chemical reactions that take place in an organism
Water, Energy
all chemical reactions that take place in an organism need __…
19 terms
Macromolecules and enzymes
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
Monomer
4 macromecules
To take water away to make a bond.
To add water to a bond.
A molecule that can combine with other molecule to form a pol…
carbohydrates, lipids, Nucleic acid, and protein
Dehydration Synthesis
To take water away to make a bond.
Hydrolysis
To add water to a bond.
19 terms
Macromolecules and enzymes
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
Monomer
4 macromecules
To take water away to make a bond.
To add water to a bond.
A molecule that can combine with other molecule to form a pol…
carbohydrates, lipids, Nucleic acid, and protein
Dehydration Synthesis
To take water away to make a bond.
Hydrolysis
To add water to a bond.
12 terms
Ch. 7 vocabulary
Activation energy
catalyst
chemical reation
concentration
...
...
...
...
Activation energy
...
catalyst
...
23 terms
Bio Unit 2: Digestion and Enzymes
Salivary Amylase
Pepsin
Pancreatic Amylase
Trypsin
made in the salivary glands, delivered to the mouth, breaks d…
made in the stomach, delivered to the stomach, breaks down pr…
made in the pancreas, delivered to the small intestine, break…
made in the pancreas, delivered to the small intestine, break…
Salivary Amylase
made in the salivary glands, delivered to the mouth, breaks d…
Pepsin
made in the stomach, delivered to the stomach, breaks down pr…
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