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Study sets matching "reducing and oxidizing agents"

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Study sets matching "reducing and oxidizing agents"

20 terms
Common Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
Oxidizing Agent
O₂
F₂, Cl₂, Br₂, I₂
HNO₃ (Nitric Acid) - Acid
contains element that will be reduced (GER)
O⁻² or O in H₂O, oxidizing
F⁻, Cl⁻, Br⁻, I⁻, oxidizing
NO₂ (g), oxidizing
Oxidizing Agent
contains element that will be reduced (GER)
O₂
O⁻² or O in H₂O, oxidizing
24 terms
Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
Cr, cr ... Al, al ... O ... C ... 6... 4... 3... 5... 1... 2... A ... C…
During a redox reaction, the term redu…
Zn(s) + 2H+(aq) mc013-1.jpg Zn2+(aq) +…
The following equations are half react…
...
the gain of electrons.
the reaction is spontaneous and will proceed without any ener…
Fluoride is a stronger oxidizing agent than lithium.
Cr, cr ... Al, al ... O ... C ... 6... 4... 3... 5... 1... 2... A ... C…
...
During a redox reaction, the term redu…
the gain of electrons.
20 terms
Oxidizing and Reducing agents
O2
H2O2
F2, Cl2, Br2, I2 (Halogens)
H2SO4
Oxidizing agenr
Oxidizing agent
Oxidizing agent
Oxidizing agent
O2
Oxidizing agenr
H2O2
Oxidizing agent
18 terms
Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
Chromic Acid (pretty much any standard…
PCC (Pyridinium Chlorochromate)
Collins Reagant (CrO₃ in pyridine)
Potassium permanganate (KMnO₄, often w…
Oxidizes 1° alcohols and aldehydes to carboxylic acids and 2°…
Oxidizes 1° and 2° alcohols to corresponding carbonyls; does…
Identical to PCC.
Behaves similarly to chromic acid.
Chromic Acid (pretty much any standard…
Oxidizes 1° alcohols and aldehydes to carboxylic acids and 2°…
PCC (Pyridinium Chlorochromate)
Oxidizes 1° and 2° alcohols to corresponding carbonyls; does…
16 terms
Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
MnO4- (in BASE)
MnO4- (in ACID)
MnO2 (in ACID)
HNO3 (CONCENTRATED)
MnO2
Mn+2
Mn+2
NO2
MnO4- (in BASE)
MnO2
MnO4- (in ACID)
Mn+2
10 terms
Common Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
O₂
H₂O₂ (hydrogen peroxide)
F₂, Cl₂, Br₂, I₂ (halogens)
HNO₃ (nitric acid)
oxidation agent; reduced; O₂⁻
oxidation agent; reduced; H₂O
oxidation agent; reduced; F⁻,Cl⁻,Br⁻,I⁻ (halide ions)
oxidation agent; reduced; NO, NO₂
O₂
oxidation agent; reduced; O₂⁻
H₂O₂ (hydrogen peroxide)
oxidation agent; reduced; H₂O
21 terms
Common Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
MnO 4- in acidic solution
MnO 2 in acidic solution
MnO 4- in neutral or basic solution
Cr2O7 2- in acidic solution
Mn 2+
Mn 2+
MnO2(s)
Cr 3+
MnO 4- in acidic solution
Mn 2+
MnO 2 in acidic solution
Mn 2+
20 terms
Common Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
(Mn)2+
(Mn)2+
(MnO2)(s)
(Cr)3+
OXIDIZING: ... (MnO4)- in acidic solution
OXIDIZING MnO2 in acidic solution
OXIDIZING (MnO4)- in neutral or basic solution
OXIDIZING (Cr2O7)2- in acidic solution
(Mn)2+
OXIDIZING: ... (MnO4)- in acidic solution
(Mn)2+
OXIDIZING MnO2 in acidic solution
12 terms
Common Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
Cr₂O₇ ⁻² (acid)
MnO₄ ⁻ (acid)
MnO₄⁻ (base)
SO₄ ⁻² (acid)
Cr⁺³, oxidizing
Mn⁺², oxidizing
MnO₂, oxidizing
SO₂, oxidizing
Cr₂O₇ ⁻² (acid)
Cr⁺³, oxidizing
MnO₄ ⁻ (acid)
Mn⁺², oxidizing
12 terms
Common oxidizing and reducing agents
Mno4- acid
Mno4- in base
Cl2
HCl4
Mn+2
Mn02
Cl-
Cl-
Mno4- acid
Mn+2
Mno4- in base
Mn02
8 terms
Oxidizing and reducing agents
KMnO4
H2CrO4
CrO3
HNO3
Oxidizing agent, require OH-
Oxidizing agent, prepared from it derivative and H2SO4
Oxidizing agent, reqiers pyridine
Oxidizing agent, has to be hot and concentrated (weak) aldari…
KMnO4
Oxidizing agent, require OH-
H2CrO4
Oxidizing agent, prepared from it derivative and H2SO4
8 terms
Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
O2
Halogens F2, Cl2, Br2, I2
HNO3
Dichromate, Cr2O7^2-
Oxidizing
Oxidizing
Oxidizing
Oxidizing
O2
Oxidizing
Halogens F2, Cl2, Br2, I2
Oxidizing
24 terms
Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
MnO4- (acid)
MnO4- (base)
MnO2 (acid)
Cr2O7-2 (acid)
Mn+2 ox
MnO2 ox
Mn+2 ox
Cr+3 ox
MnO4- (acid)
Mn+2 ox
MnO4- (base)
MnO2 ox
22 terms
Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
Oxidation
Reduction
oxidation state
Oxidizing Agents
Gain of bonds to O ... Loss of bond to H... Increase in Oxidation s…
Loss of bonds to O ... Gain of bonds to H ... Decrease in oxidation…
sum of the numbers from all of the bonds and any formal charg…
Rich in O; Poor in H
Oxidation
Gain of bonds to O ... Loss of bond to H... Increase in Oxidation s…
Reduction
Loss of bonds to O ... Gain of bonds to H ... Decrease in oxidation…
8 terms
Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
O₂, oxygen
Halogen,... F₂, Cl₂, Br₂, or I₂
HNO₃, nitric acid
Cr₂O₇²⁻, dichromate ion
Oxidizing Agent... Reaction Product → O²⁻ ion or O combined in H…
Oxidizing Agent... Reaction Product → Halide ion, F⁻, Cl⁻, Br⁻,…
Oxidizing Agent... Reaction Product → Nitrogen oxides such as NO…
Oxidizing Agent... Reaction Product → Cr³⁺, chromium (III) ion (…
O₂, oxygen
Oxidizing Agent... Reaction Product → O²⁻ ion or O combined in H…
Halogen,... F₂, Cl₂, Br₂, or I₂
Oxidizing Agent... Reaction Product → Halide ion, F⁻, Cl⁻, Br⁻,…
19 terms
oxidizing + reducing agents
oxidizing agents
reducing agents
nonoxidizing acids
oxidizing acids
acids, permanganate, dichromate, chromate
sulfite, oxalate, thiosulfate
H¹⁺ reduced... usually w HCl ... HCl → H₂
negative ion is reduced... usually w HNO₃
oxidizing agents
acids, permanganate, dichromate, chromate
reducing agents
sulfite, oxalate, thiosulfate
18 terms
Common Oxidizing & Reducing Agents
Oxidizing Agent
Oxidizing Agent
Oxidizing Agent
Oxidizing Agent
Bromide (Br2)
Chlorine (Cl2)
Concentrated sulfuric acid (H2SO4)
Nitric Acid (HNO3)
Oxidizing Agent
Bromide (Br2)
Oxidizing Agent
Chlorine (Cl2)
20 terms
Common Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
OA: MnO4 - (in acid)
OA: MnO4 - (in neutral or basic)
OA: MnO2 (in acid)
OA: Cr2O7 2- (in acid)
Mn 2+
MnO2
Mn 2+
Cr 3+
OA: MnO4 - (in acid)
Mn 2+
OA: MnO4 - (in neutral or basic)
MnO2
10 terms
Strong Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
MnO₄⁻ (in acid solution)
MnO₄⁻ (in neutral or basic solution)
Cr₂O₇²⁻ (in acid solution)
Cr₂O₇²⁻ (in basic solution)
→ Mn²⁺ + H₂O
→ MnO₂
→ Cr³⁺ + H₂O
→ CrO4^2⁻ + H₂O
MnO₄⁻ (in acid solution)
→ Mn²⁺ + H₂O
MnO₄⁻ (in neutral or basic solution)
→ MnO₂
Common Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
MnO₄⁻in acid
MnO₄⁻in basic or neutral
MnO₂in acid
Cr₂O₇²⁻in acid
OA Mn²⁺
OA MnO₂
OA Mn²⁺
OA Cr³⁺
MnO₄⁻in acid
OA Mn²⁺
MnO₄⁻in basic or neutral
OA MnO₂
12 terms
Reducing and Oxidizing agents colours
C
CL2
Br2
I2
Black
greenish yellow
brown/orange
brown
C
Black
CL2
greenish yellow
11 terms
Common Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
O₂
F₂
Cl₂
Br₂
Oxidizing Agent (Becomes O or O²⁻)
Oxidizing Agent (Becomes F⁻)
Oxidizing Agent (Becomes Cl⁻)
Oxidizing Agent (Becomes Br⁻)
O₂
Oxidizing Agent (Becomes O or O²⁻)
F₂
Oxidizing Agent (Becomes F⁻)
10 terms
Common Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
O2 (Oxidizing Agent)
H2O2 (Hydrogen Peroxide)(Oxidizing Age…
F2, Cl2, Br2, I2 (Halogens)(Oxidizing…
HNO3 (Nitric Acid)(Oxidizing Agent)
O2- or an oxygen containing molecular compound such as H2O
H2O(l)
F-, CL-, Br-, or I- (halide ions)
Nitrogen Oxides such as NO and NO2
O2 (Oxidizing Agent)
O2- or an oxygen containing molecular compound such as H2O
H2O2 (Hydrogen Peroxide)(Oxidizing Age…
H2O(l)
10 terms
Common oxidizing and reducing agents
What is O₂ reduced to?
What is H₂O₂ Reduced to?
What are F₂, Cl₂, Br₂ or I₂, (halogens…
What is HNO³ Reduced to?
O²⁻ or an oxygen containg molecculer compound such as H₂O
H₂O
F⁻, Cl⁻, Br⁻ or I⁻ (Halide ions)
Nitrogen oxides such as NO and NO²
What is O₂ reduced to?
O²⁻ or an oxygen containg molecculer compound such as H₂O
What is H₂O₂ Reduced to?
H₂O
12 terms
Chemistry- Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
what is another name for oxidizing and…
what is an oxidizer?
when do oxidizers become reduced?
from what do oxidizers take electrons?
oxidizers and reducers
an electron poor substance that is capable of taking electron…
when they take on electrons (gain)
from reducers
what is another name for oxidizing and…
oxidizers and reducers
what is an oxidizer?
an electron poor substance that is capable of taking electron…
10 terms
reducing/oxidizing agents
chromate
NADH
sodium boro hydride
NAD+
Oxidizing
reducing
reducing (too weak to react with weak acids, reduces A/K)
oxidizing
chromate
Oxidizing
NADH
reducing
8 terms
Common Oxidizing/Reducing Agents
Oxygen: O₂ (Oxidize)
Halogen: F₂, C₂, Br₂, I₂ (Oxidize)
Nitric acid: HNO₃ (Oxidize)
Dichromate ion: Cr₂O₇²⁻ (Oxidize)
Oxide ion: O²⁻ or O combined in H₂O or other molecule
Halide ion: F⁻, Cl⁻, Br⁻, I⁻
Nitrogen oxides: NO, NO₂
Chromium (III) ion: Cr³⁺ (in acid solution)
Oxygen: O₂ (Oxidize)
Oxide ion: O²⁻ or O combined in H₂O or other molecule
Halogen: F₂, C₂, Br₂, I₂ (Oxidize)
Halide ion: F⁻, Cl⁻, Br⁻, I⁻
23 terms
Common Oxidizing/Reducing Agents
Common Oxidizing Agents
MnO₄⁻ in acidic solution
MnO₂ in acidic solution
MnO₄⁻ in neutral or basic solution
Products Formed
Mn²⁺
Mn²⁺
MnO₂(s)
Common Oxidizing Agents
Products Formed
MnO₄⁻ in acidic solution
Mn²⁺
11 terms
Oxidizing / Reducing Agents
PCC
Jones Reagent (H2CRO4)
1. KMnO4, KOH, Heat 2. H30+
Haloform (1. 4NaOH, 3Br2 2. H3O+)
Weak oxidizing (1° alcohol to aldehyde, 2° alcohol to ketone)
Strong oxidizing (1° alcohol to carbox acid, aldehyde to carb…
Strong oxidizing (Jones + oxidizes benzylic carbons to carbox…
Oxidizes methyl ketone to carboxylic acid
PCC
Weak oxidizing (1° alcohol to aldehyde, 2° alcohol to ketone)
Jones Reagent (H2CRO4)
Strong oxidizing (1° alcohol to carbox acid, aldehyde to carb…
6 terms
Oxidizing / Reducing Agents
MnO₄⁻
Cr₂O₇²⁻
H₂O₂ Oxidizing Agent
H₂O₂ Reducing Agent
Oxidizing Agent Mn²⁺
Oxidizing Agent Cr³⁺
H₂O
O₂
MnO₄⁻
Oxidizing Agent Mn²⁺
Cr₂O₇²⁻
Oxidizing Agent Cr³⁺
22 terms
oxidizing vs reducing agents
O2
H2O2
F2, Cl2, Br2, I2
HSO4
oxidizing
oxidizing
oxidizing
oxidizing
O2
oxidizing
H2O2
oxidizing
21 terms
Reducing/Oxidizing Agents
KMnO₄ and a 1° alcohol
KMnO₄ and a 2° alcohol
KMnO₄ and a 3° alcohol
Chromic Acid and 1° Alcohol
Carboxylic Acid (Aldehyde Intermediate)
Ketone
No Rxn
Carboxylic Acid (Aldehyde Intermediate)
KMnO₄ and a 1° alcohol
Carboxylic Acid (Aldehyde Intermediate)
KMnO₄ and a 2° alcohol
Ketone
21 terms
Oxidizing/Reducing Agents
mno4- acidic
mno2 acidic
mno4- neut/basic
cr2o7- acidic
mn 2+ (ox ag.)
mn 2+ (ox ag.)
mno2 (s) (ox ag.)
cr 3+ (ox ag.)
mno4- acidic
mn 2+ (ox ag.)
mno2 acidic
mn 2+ (ox ag.)
21 terms
Oxidizing and Reducing Agent Quiz
Mn +2... Mn+2 + 4H2O
MnO2... MnO2 + 4OH-
Mn+2... Mn+2 + 2H2O
Cr+3... 2Cr+3 + 7H2O
MnO4- (in acid)... MnO4- + 8H + 5e-
MnO4- (in basic)... MnO4- + 2H2O + 3e-
MnO2 (in acid)... MnO2 + 4H+ +2e-
Cr2O7-2 (in acid)... Cr2O7-2 + 14H+ +6e-
Mn +2... Mn+2 + 4H2O
MnO4- (in acid)... MnO4- + 8H + 5e-
MnO2... MnO2 + 4OH-
MnO4- (in basic)... MnO4- + 2H2O + 3e-
22 terms
Oxidizing or Reducing Agent?
Definition of oxidizing agent
Definition of reducing agent
O₂
H₂O₂
Is reduced (gains electrons) to cause another atom to be oxid…
Is oxidized (loses electrons) to cause another atom to be red…
Oxidizing agent (accepts electrons)
Oxidizing agent
Definition of oxidizing agent
Is reduced (gains electrons) to cause another atom to be oxid…
Definition of reducing agent
Is oxidized (loses electrons) to cause another atom to be red…
24 terms
Oxidation Rules- Strong Oxidizers(Oxidizing Agents) and Strong Reducers(Reducing Agents)
MnO4- in acid solution
MnO2 in acid solution
MnO4- in neutral or basic sol'n
Cr2O7-2 in acid solution
Mn+2 + H2O
Mn+2 + H2O
MnO2
Cr+3+ H2O
MnO4- in acid solution
Mn+2 + H2O
MnO2 in acid solution
Mn+2 + H2O
8 terms
Reducing Agent vs Oxidizing Agent
This agent causes reduction
This agent causes oxidation
This agent loses electrons
This agent gains electrons
Reducing agent
Oxidizing agent
Reducing agent
Oxidizing agent
This agent causes reduction
Reducing agent
This agent causes oxidation
Oxidizing agent
12 terms
Organic Tricky Reducing and Oxidizing Agents
1. O3... 2. (Ch3)2S or Zn/H20
1. KMnO4 (Hot conc)... 2. H30+
H2 and Pd/C
Na and NH3
Cuts an alkene in half to a ketone if disub or aldehyde if mo…
Cuts an alkene in half to a ketone if disub and a Carboxylic…
Reduces an alkene or alkyne all the way down
Reduces an alkyne to a trans alkene
1. O3... 2. (Ch3)2S or Zn/H20
Cuts an alkene in half to a ketone if disub or aldehyde if mo…
1. KMnO4 (Hot conc)... 2. H30+
Cuts an alkene in half to a ketone if disub and a Carboxylic…
16 terms
Organic Chemistry: Oxidizing/Reducing Agents
LiAH
LiAlH4
DiBAL, esters, nitriles, aldehyde
LiAlH(O-T-Bu)3
R
R
R
R
LiAH
R
LiAlH4
R
20 terms
AP Chemistry: Common Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
MnO₄⁻ (acidic)
MnO₄⁻ (neutral/basic)
MnO₂ (acidic)
Cr₂O₇²⁻ (acidic)
Mn²⁺; oxidizing agent
MnO₂; oxidizing agent
Mn²⁺; oxidizing agent (2)
Cr³⁺; oxidizing agent
MnO₄⁻ (acidic)
Mn²⁺; oxidizing agent
MnO₄⁻ (neutral/basic)
MnO₂; oxidizing agent
21 terms
Common Oxidizing/Reducing Agents and their Products
(MnO4)- in acidic solution
MnO2 in acidic solution
(MnO4)- in neutral or basic solution
(Cr2O7)2- in acidic solution
(Mn)2+
(Mn)2+
MnO2 (s)
(Cr)3+
(MnO4)- in acidic solution
(Mn)2+
MnO2 in acidic solution
(Mn)2+
22 terms
Chemistry Chapter 3 (oxidizing and reducing agents)
O2
H2O2
halogens
HNO3
oxidizing agent
oxidizing agent... hydrogen peroxide
oxidizing agent
oxidizing agent... nitric acid
O2
oxidizing agent
H2O2
oxidizing agent... hydrogen peroxide
20 terms
Redox Reactions (common oxidizing and reducing agents)
OX: MnO4 (in acid)
OX: MnO4 (in neutral or basic)
OX: MnO2 (in acid)
OX: Cr2O7^2- (in acid)
Mn^2+
MnO2
Mn^2+
Cr^3+
OX: MnO4 (in acid)
Mn^2+
OX: MnO4 (in neutral or basic)
MnO2
8 terms
AP Chemistry: Common Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
Oxidizing: O₂, oxygen
Oxidizing: Halogen,... F₂, Cl₂, Br₂, or I₂
Oxidizing: HNO₃, nitric acid
Oxidizing: Cr₂O₇²⁻, dichromate
O²⁻, oxide ion... O combined in H₂O or other molecule
halide ion,... F⁻, Cl⁻, Br⁻, or I⁻
nitrogen oxides (ex. NO & NO₂)
Cr³⁺, chromium (III) ion (in acid solution)
Oxidizing: O₂, oxygen
O²⁻, oxide ion... O combined in H₂O or other molecule
Oxidizing: Halogen,... F₂, Cl₂, Br₂, or I₂
halide ion,... F⁻, Cl⁻, Br⁻, or I⁻
23 terms
Redox Reactions (common oxidizing and reducing agents)
OX: MnO4 (in acid)
OX: MnO4 (in neutral or basic)
OX: MnO2 (in acid)
OX: Cr2O7^2- (in acid)
Mn^2+
MnO2
Mn^2+
Cr^3+
OX: MnO4 (in acid)
Mn^2+
OX: MnO4 (in neutral or basic)
MnO2
14 terms
Oxidizing Agents and reducing agenst w/ products formed
MnO4- in acidic solution
MnO2 in acidic solution
MnO4- in neutral or basic solution
Cr2O7 in acidic solution
Mn2+
Mn2+
MnO2 (s)
Cr3+
MnO4- in acidic solution
Mn2+
MnO2 in acidic solution
Mn2+
20 terms
Common Reducing/Oxidizing Agents and Their Products Formed
MnO4- in acidic solution
MnO2 in acidic solution
MnO4- in neutral or basic solution
Cr2O7 2- in acidic solution
Mn2+
Mn2+
MnO2 (s)
Cr3+
MnO4- in acidic solution
Mn2+
MnO2 in acidic solution
Mn2+
13 terms
IMPORTANT OXIDIZING AGENTS (THESE THINGS ARE REDUCED)
(MnO4)-1 (acid solution)
(MnO4)-1 (basic solution)
MnO2 (acid solution)
(Cr2O7)-2 (acid solution)
Mn^+2
MnO2
Mn^+2
Cr^+3
(MnO4)-1 (acid solution)
Mn^+2
(MnO4)-1 (basic solution)
MnO2
10 terms
IMPORTANT REDUCING AGENTS (THESE THINGS ARE OXIDIZED!)
Halide Ions (Br-1)
Free Metals (Na)
Metallous Ions
Sulfite ions (SO3^-2), SO2 gas
Halogens (Br2)
Metal Ions (Na+1)
Metallic Ions
(SO4)-2
Halide Ions (Br-1)
Halogens (Br2)
Free Metals (Na)
Metal Ions (Na+1)
52 terms
Reducing Agent vs Oxidizing Agent, Microbiology: chapter 5
This agent causes reduction
This agent causes oxidation
This agent loses electrons
This agent gains electrons
Reducing agent
Oxidizing agent
Reducing agent
Oxidizing agent
This agent causes reduction
Reducing agent
This agent causes oxidation
Oxidizing agent
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