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Study sets matching "rehab brain"

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Study sets matching "rehab brain"

107 terms
rehab brain damage
prenatal vs perinatal vs postnatal... ch…
traumatic brain injury
5-Oriented
4-Disoriented/Confused(pag adult/older…
Etiology of brain damage?
leading cause of death in US in children >1yo
Smiles, oriented to sound, follows objects, interacts
Cries but consolable, interacts inappropriately
prenatal vs perinatal vs postnatal... ch…
Etiology of brain damage?
traumatic brain injury
leading cause of death in US in children >1yo
23 terms
Neuro Rehab: Brain Structures
Primary Motor Cortex (4) Input
Primary Motor Cortex (4) Output
Pre-Motor Cortex (6+8) Input
Pre-Motor Cortex (6+8) Output
Basal Ganglia... Cerebellum... Thalamus
Corticospinal tracts
pre-frontal cortex... Thalamus... Cerebellum
Projections to Area 4... Corticospinal tracts... Monosynaptic conne…
Primary Motor Cortex (4) Input
Basal Ganglia... Cerebellum... Thalamus
Primary Motor Cortex (4) Output
Corticospinal tracts
99 terms
Brain Attack Rehab. ppt
-optimal functioning ... related to: phys…
Rehabilitation
physical, occupational, speech therapi…
the acute stage of the stroke
Rehabilitation is the process of maximizing the patient's cap…
Process of maximizing the patient's capabilities and resource…
the Rehab. process for a pt who had a brain attack: process i…
rehabilitation usually begins right after ....
-optimal functioning ... related to: phys…
Rehabilitation is the process of maximizing the patient's cap…
Rehabilitation
Process of maximizing the patient's capabilities and resource…
47 terms
Traumatic Brain Injury Intervention - Rehab
-Contracture Formation ... -Decubiti... -Poo…
hip and knee flexion ... plantar flexion
sidelying
-ROM - prone on eblows etc ... -Quadraped…
What are the consequences of early posturing? 3
what kind of contractures are we worried about for a TBI pt?
if a pt has a decubiti (pressure ulcer) what position should…
if a pt has poor functional mobility, what can be used? 3
-Contracture Formation ... -Decubiti... -Poo…
What are the consequences of early posturing? 3
hip and knee flexion ... plantar flexion
what kind of contractures are we worried about for a TBI pt?
40 terms
Medical Aspect Brain (Rehab Counseling)
Acute Rehabilitation Program:
Affect:
Agnosia:
Agraphia:
The early phase of TBI rehabilitation which usually begins as…
The observable emotional condition of an individual at any gi…
Failure to recognize familiar objects although the sensory me…
Inability to express thoughts in writing.
Acute Rehabilitation Program:
The early phase of TBI rehabilitation which usually begins as…
Affect:
The observable emotional condition of an individual at any gi…
39 terms
Traumatic brain injury-TBI- rehab
General info about TBI
what are the causes of TBI?
what are some other associated injuries?
What is considered an open brain injury?
-50,000 death a year from TBI... -male 2:1 than female, mostly 1…
-#1 MVA- 50%- includes bikes and pedestrians ... -falls= 25%... -as…
-open wounds... -fractures- skull, ribs, pelvis... -lungs- puncture…
-penetrating wound... -skull fracture... -focal deficits
General info about TBI
-50,000 death a year from TBI... -male 2:1 than female, mostly 1…
what are the causes of TBI?
-#1 MVA- 50%- includes bikes and pedestrians ... -falls= 25%... -as…
33 terms
NeuroRehab Early Brain development
What is FMRI?
How does grey and white matter develop?
What does this mean?
How does myelination occur in the brai…
functional MRI, registers blood flow in areas of brain
grey matter peaks at 10-12 years... white matter keeps increasi…
increasing function, speed of transmission, and smooth commun…
BS/cerebellum before hemispheres... Occipital lobe before front…
What is FMRI?
functional MRI, registers blood flow in areas of brain
How does grey and white matter develop?
grey matter peaks at 10-12 years... white matter keeps increasi…
71 terms
The Brain and Nervous System- Rehab CVA
What does the central nervous system c…
What does the peripheral nervous syste…
What does the right cerebral hemispher…
What are the common clinical presentat…
the brain (cerebrum, cerebellum, brain stem) and spinal cord
-somatic nervous system: cranial nerves (12), spinal nerves(3…
-nonverbal and artistic ability... -hand-eye coordination... -spati…
-Left side hemiplegia/paresis... -Left side hemisensory loss... -L…
What does the central nervous system c…
the brain (cerebrum, cerebellum, brain stem) and spinal cord
What does the peripheral nervous syste…
-somatic nervous system: cranial nerves (12), spinal nerves(3…
40 terms
Rehab II Ch 19 Traumatic Brain Injury
TBI
Loss of consciousness... Amnesia (PTA - P…
True
Closed Head Injury... Open Head Injury... Co…
An alteration in brain function, or other evidence of brain p…
What are some results of a TBI?
T or F... TBI Impact is number one cause of death AND disabilit…
Name 4 type of head injury?
TBI
An alteration in brain function, or other evidence of brain p…
Loss of consciousness... Amnesia (PTA - P…
What are some results of a TBI?
45 terms
Rehab for Cognitive Impairments Post-Brain Injury
Cognition
Executive Functions
Reasons why PTs should care about cogn…
Process of Information Processing
The mental process of knowing and applying information... -Orien…
Higher order cognitive functions including being able to plan…
-Cognitive impairments influence POC-interventions chosen bas…
Goal is to improve motor output, but need cognition and proce…
Cognition
The mental process of knowing and applying information... -Orien…
Executive Functions
Higher order cognitive functions including being able to plan…
56 terms
NeuroRehab I: Exam I: Brain Inj assessment - Sensory and Perception
What is the order of a neuro assessment?
why do you assess sensation after brai…
what is the most common pattern of los…
what is the % of sensory loss reported…
1. Impairments... - cognition/communication/behavior... - sensation…
Somatosensation impairments following brain injury:... - Localiz…
Face, UE, and LE - 55% of cases... Face, UE 29% of cases... UE an…
12-25%
What is the order of a neuro assessment?
1. Impairments... - cognition/communication/behavior... - sensation…
why do you assess sensation after brai…
Somatosensation impairments following brain injury:... - Localiz…
102 terms
NeuroRehab I: Exam I: Brain Injury Assessment - Cog, behavior, Communication
what are the typical paths for deliver…
what are the 5 components of conceptua…
what is the APTA model of practice (3)?
what is the model of function and disa…
Acute (ICU; general floor) --> Acute inpatient/SNF --> Home…
1. Model of practice... 2. Model of function and disability... 3. H…
1. Patient/client mgmt model... - examination, evaluation, diagn…
Health condition ... -Body function/structure impairment... - Activ…
what are the typical paths for deliver…
Acute (ICU; general floor) --> Acute inpatient/SNF --> Home…
what are the 5 components of conceptua…
1. Model of practice... 2. Model of function and disability... 3. H…
67 terms
Neuro Rehab II: Week 1= Review of Spasticity/ Stiffness Management; Brain Injury; Multisensory Stimulation
Flaccidity
Hypertonicity (spasticity & rigidity)…
Hyperstiffness
5 management options
-low tone... -can see with LMN injury or absence of reflexes aft…
-Parkinson's Disease... -Basal ganglia involvement... -injury of br…
-seen post stroke... -resistance to passive stretch
1.) avoiding painful stimuli... 2.) positioning... 3.) modalities... 4…
Flaccidity
-low tone... -can see with LMN injury or absence of reflexes aft…
Hypertonicity (spasticity & rigidity)…
-Parkinson's Disease... -Basal ganglia involvement... -injury of br…
95 terms
Rehab Audiology
Normal
Mild
Moderate
Severe
0-25 db HL
25-45 dB HL
45-65 dB HL
65-85 dB HL
Normal
0-25 db HL
Mild
25-45 dB HL
65 terms
Assessment & Rehab Final
What are the two primary causes of an…
What are the two primary approaches to…
What are the 5 components of language…
What are the categories of Language Di…
1. organic: from birth, naturally happened, known cause (clef…
Psychometric: standardized test, comparing apples to apples... D…
1. semantic - meaning... 2. syntactic - rules of language, gramm…
1. Specific Language Disorder (SLI) - lang. only, not due to…
What are the two primary causes of an…
1. organic: from birth, naturally happened, known cause (clef…
What are the two primary approaches to…
Psychometric: standardized test, comparing apples to apples... D…
46 terms
Rehab
Foot orthoses
Ankle foot orthoses
Knee orthoses
Knee Ankle Foot Orthoses
redistribute weight, equalize limb length discrepancy, suppor…
structurally bridge ankle joint, provide support, direct cont…
Prophylactic-- prevent injury... Postoperative-- after surgical…
improving stability and functional mobility for patient with…
Foot orthoses
redistribute weight, equalize limb length discrepancy, suppor…
Ankle foot orthoses
structurally bridge ankle joint, provide support, direct cont…
37 terms
rehab
Culture defines... the significance of d…
The vertebral level of injury for a ce…
Raising the head of the bed before tra…
Raising the head of the bed before tra…
...
...
gradual vessel accommodation from the supine position to the…
gradual vessel accommodation from the supine position to the…
Culture defines... the significance of d…
...
The vertebral level of injury for a ce…
...
10 terms
Brain Injury
Decorticate
Decerebrate
Dysarthria
Dysphagia
Arms, wrists, fingers flexed....bent inward to chest
arched spine, like an E, plantar flexion. More ominous postur…
the inability to use speech that is distinct and connected be…
Difficulty swallowing
Decorticate
Arms, wrists, fingers flexed....bent inward to chest
Decerebrate
arched spine, like an E, plantar flexion. More ominous postur…
90 terms
Aural Rehab test 1
Acoustic Reflex
Ipsilateral
Contralateral
Tympanometry
contraction of the middle ear muscles in response to intense…
reflex is stimulated and measured in the same ear.
stimulus is in the tested ear and measurement probe is in the…
the measurement of middle ear pressure, determined by the mob…
Acoustic Reflex
contraction of the middle ear muscles in response to intense…
Ipsilateral
reflex is stimulated and measured in the same ear.
33 terms
Hearing Rehab Test 2
Automatic Gain Control
Compression
Dynamic Range
Bands
in analog and digital HA's; amplifies quiet sounds until they…
circuitry to reduce loud sounds and keep them within the pati…
the patient's range of hearing
frequency ranges that can be adjusted individually; (some roc…
Automatic Gain Control
in analog and digital HA's; amplifies quiet sounds until they…
Compression
circuitry to reduce loud sounds and keep them within the pati…
17 terms
chapter 3 rehab
feedback control
feedforward control
superficial sensory testing
deep sensory testing
uses sensory information received during the movement to moni…
is proactive strategy that uses sensory information obtained…
sharp/dull... temp... light touch ... deep pressure
kinesthetic awareness... proprioceptive awareness ... vibratory tes…
feedback control
uses sensory information received during the movement to moni…
feedforward control
is proactive strategy that uses sensory information obtained…
56 terms
Aural Rehab--Signals and Modalities
Speaker
message
receiver
feedback
individual who has an idea and a need or purpose to communica…
the thought that is being expressed
they are the person that has the responsibility of receiving…
hearing the sound of ones own voice while one is speaking AND…
Speaker
individual who has an idea and a need or purpose to communica…
message
the thought that is being expressed
31 terms
rehab test 2
motor control
neuroplasticity
for the mvt.s to be coordinated
highest CNS level
- can be reflexive which is mvt. that genetically predetermin…
refers to the capacity of the brain to adapt to injury throug…
all levels of the CNS must work, not in a strictly ascending…
association of cortex and b.g. organize sensory info and begi…
motor control
- can be reflexive which is mvt. that genetically predetermin…
neuroplasticity
refers to the capacity of the brain to adapt to injury throug…
26 terms
chapter 27 rehab
cognition
perception
hospitalization
the retraining approach
method used by the CNS to process information
is the ability to interpret sensory info and make that info m…
unfamiliar surroundings add to the impaired CNS compounding e…
transfer of training approach and practice of one task will c…
cognition
method used by the CNS to process information
perception
is the ability to interpret sensory info and make that info m…
68 terms
Rehab Reflexes
What is Rooting Reaction?
Rooting Reaction- Onset
Rooting Reaction- Integration
Rooting Reaction- Developmental Signif…
When I baby turns toward a stimulus (like stroking) on the ch…
28 weeks gestation
2-3 months
Facilitated in the feeding position; babies that are not hung…
What is Rooting Reaction?
When I baby turns toward a stimulus (like stroking) on the ch…
Rooting Reaction- Onset
28 weeks gestation
201 terms
Neuro Rehab Unit 1
compensatory
remedial
if you ask someone to do something, it…
acute care
using equipment... adding or taking something away during an act…
"fixing it"... ex) exercises, name-game, repetition
compensatory
medically unstable
compensatory
using equipment... adding or taking something away during an act…
remedial
"fixing it"... ex) exercises, name-game, repetition
42 terms
chapter 5 rehab
motor control
motor skills
motor plan
motor learning
central nervous system, physical and behavioral process that…
learned through interaction and exploration of the environmen…
is an idea or plan for purposeful movement that is made up of…
a set of internal processes associated with practice or exper…
motor control
central nervous system, physical and behavioral process that…
motor skills
learned through interaction and exploration of the environmen…
39 terms
Rehab Definitions chapter 33
Ischemic stroke
Thrombosis
Embolism
Hemorrhagic strokes
From blockage of a cerbral vessel and can further be categori…
Stenosis or occlusion of a vessel
Dislodged platelets, cholesterol, or other material that form…
From a rupture of a weakened cerebral blood vessel. Either in…
Ischemic stroke
From blockage of a cerbral vessel and can further be categori…
Thrombosis
Stenosis or occlusion of a vessel
100 terms
Aural Rehab Exam 2
Percentage of children born with sever…
Universal Newborn Hearing Screening/ E…
When should hearing loss be IDENTIFIED…
Child is fit with AMPLIFICATION and is…
90-95%
is pass/fail; uses OAES, A-ABR, and behavioral tests to deter…
one month
three months
Percentage of children born with sever…
90-95%
Universal Newborn Hearing Screening/ E…
is pass/fail; uses OAES, A-ABR, and behavioral tests to deter…
56 terms
Aural Rehab Quiz 4!!
Before you meet the client
During the parent interview
SLP needs to know
When do babies begin hearing?
Review the audiogram... - What do we want to know? ... Plot it on…
Age of identification... Etiology... Ear infections
What type of hearing aids or CI is the child utilizing?... Mona…
18 weeks after being conceived... So by the time the child is bo…
Before you meet the client
Review the audiogram... - What do we want to know? ... Plot it on…
During the parent interview
Age of identification... Etiology... Ear infections
26 terms
Cancer Rehab
describe 3 c of CA common, chronic, co…
symptoms reported by CA patient
findings by Marciniak
findings by yoshioka
common - we are living longer... chronic - 5 year survivor rate…
fatigue... pain... anxiety
all groups made FIM improvements... radiation made functional im…
improved Barthel Mobility index after PT... families who partici…
describe 3 c of CA common, chronic, co…
common - we are living longer... chronic - 5 year survivor rate…
symptoms reported by CA patient
fatigue... pain... anxiety
375 terms
Rehab Final- final!
stroke, tumor, infection, toxin
falls, MVA, sports injury, physical vi…
head trauma which the skull in punctured
The skull in not broken
What are examples of non traumatic brain injury
What are examples of traumatic brain injury?
what is an open head injury?
What does it mean to have a closed head injury?
stroke, tumor, infection, toxin
What are examples of non traumatic brain injury
falls, MVA, sports injury, physical vi…
What are examples of traumatic brain injury?
27 terms
REHAB UNIT 1
APTA's GUIDE TO PHYSICAL THERAPY PRACT…
1EXAMINATION... 2EVALUATION... 3DIAGNO…
EXAMINATION
EVALUATION
OUTLINES THE PT BODY OF KNOWLEDGE, BOUNDARIES,PREFERRED PRACT…
APTA'S 6ELEMENTS OF PATIENT/CLIENT MANAGEMENT
ELEMENT OF PATIENT/CLIENT MANAGEMENT THAT CONSIST OF *HISTORY…
ELEMENT OF PATIENT/CLIENT MANAGEMENT THAT IS THE PT'S *ASSESS…
APTA's GUIDE TO PHYSICAL THERAPY PRACT…
OUTLINES THE PT BODY OF KNOWLEDGE, BOUNDARIES,PREFERRED PRACT…
1EXAMINATION... 2EVALUATION... 3DIAGNO…
APTA'S 6ELEMENTS OF PATIENT/CLIENT MANAGEMENT
112 terms
phys rehab II exam 3
frontal lobe
parietal lobe
temporal lobe
occipital lobe
behavior... intelligence... memory... movement... smell
intelligence ... language... reading... sensation... hearing
behavior... hearing... memory... speech
vision
frontal lobe
behavior... intelligence... memory... movement... smell
parietal lobe
intelligence ... language... reading... sensation... hearing
105 terms
Rehab Exam 1
Motor control
Motor skill
Motor plan
Motor program
area of study dealing with understanding of neural, physical,…
purposeful and functionally based movement
idea or plan for purposeful movement
set of commands when initiated results in production of coord…
Motor control
area of study dealing with understanding of neural, physical,…
Motor skill
purposeful and functionally based movement
27 terms
rehab
rehabilitation?
recovery types?
compensation
neuroplasticity?
restoration of person/part of person to normal/near normal fn…
*complete... *compensation
alternative strategies to compete task
NS ability to change for learning and repair for relearning
rehabilitation?
restoration of person/part of person to normal/near normal fn…
recovery types?
*complete... *compensation
47 terms
Exam- 2 Cognitive Rehab
why is cognition important
interacting variables for cognitive st…
conditions causing ABI`
cognitive symptoms of TBI
Capacity to remember the past contributes to sense of self... In…
Neurobiological... Affective... Experiential... Social... Cultural
TBI... CVA... MS... Systemic lupus... HIV/AIDS... Alzheimer's Disease/mild a…
Memory impairment... Problems with attention/concentration... Probl…
why is cognition important
Capacity to remember the past contributes to sense of self... In…
interacting variables for cognitive st…
Neurobiological... Affective... Experiential... Social... Cultural
15 terms
Aural Rehab Term quiz 2
cochlear implant
BAHA
Speech Processor
electrode array
Device that electrically stimulates the auditory nerve of pat…
Bone anchored hearing aid; vibrate in response to sound input…
a part of the cochlear device that codes the information that…
helps to transduce a number of electrical impulses that are s…
cochlear implant
Device that electrically stimulates the auditory nerve of pat…
BAHA
Bone anchored hearing aid; vibrate in response to sound input…
106 terms
REHAB II Neuroanatomy, Pathology by lobe/area of stroke
The CNS is comprised of:
The PNS is comprised of:
Define anterograde amnesia
The brain's ability to reorganize itse…
-Brain... -Spinal cord
-Cranial nerves... -Spinal nerves
Damage to the brain's memory centers results in the inability…
Plasticity/Neuroplasticity
The CNS is comprised of:
-Brain... -Spinal cord
The PNS is comprised of:
-Cranial nerves... -Spinal nerves
53 terms
rehab: vestibular rehab
______ contains the five structures re…
the five structures that are responsib…
_______ primarily sense angular accele…
_________ are phasic so it turns on wh…
membranous labyrinth
3 semicircular canals (anterior, posterior, and horizontal) a…
semicircular canals
semicircular canals
______ contains the five structures re…
membranous labyrinth
the five structures that are responsib…
3 semicircular canals (anterior, posterior, and horizontal) a…
15 terms
Arteries of the Brain
Circle of Willis.
Anterior Communicating Artery.
Anterior Cerebral Arteries.
Internal Carotid Artery.
What is this whole structure?
What artery is the arrow pointing too?
What artery are the arrows pointing too?
What artery is the arrow pointing too?
Circle of Willis.
What is this whole structure?
Anterior Communicating Artery.
What artery is the arrow pointing too?
40 terms
Rehab 2nd test
-crine
Maxill-
Tri-
Phleb-
To secrete
Upper jawbone
Three
Vein
-crine
To secrete
Maxill-
Upper jawbone
7 terms
Rehab
Modality
Mobility
Flexibility
Proprioception
an intervention used to heal an injury... -heat... -ice
ability to move or move about
the ability to move a joint through a full range of motion (R…
the body's ability to get information to the brain in respons…
Modality
an intervention used to heal an injury... -heat... -ice
Mobility
ability to move or move about
299 terms
rehab midterm
dynamic sitting or standing means ____…
what trunk movements are required to p…
what type of stroke when an artery or…
what type of hemmorrhage is bleeding a…
can they cross midline during the activity
trunk flexion, extension, internal rotation
hemorrhagic
subarachnoid
dynamic sitting or standing means ____…
can they cross midline during the activity
what trunk movements are required to p…
trunk flexion, extension, internal rotation
76 terms
hab & rehab - 1st lecture
Habilitation is the process of trainin…
REHABILITATION refers to the processes…
What is the legal age of consent in Al…
7% of meaning is in the ___________ wo…
functional limitation; society
maximum function
14 yoa
spoken
Habilitation is the process of trainin…
functional limitation; society
REHABILITATION refers to the processes…
maximum function
126 terms
Rehab Test 1 Terms
diaschisis (neuroplasticity related)
redundancy (neuroplasticity related)
functional substitution (neuroplastici…
nerve growth and brain repair (neuropl…
(dias=apart; schistos=divided) = ... recovery after temporary b…
secondary systems which start to operate when the primary sys…
areas of the brain reporgram
may be adaptive, which results in functional abilities or may…
diaschisis (neuroplasticity related)
(dias=apart; schistos=divided) = ... recovery after temporary b…
redundancy (neuroplasticity related)
secondary systems which start to operate when the primary sys…
29 terms
Rehab: Lesson 4
How many lobes does the brain have?
How many hemispheres do you have to do?
Which two areas do you study in the br…
How long do most head injuries take to…
4
2
Cognition/ Perception
5 to 10 years
How many lobes does the brain have?
4
How many hemispheres do you have to do?
2
13 terms
Intro to Rehab
Diaschisis
Redundancy
Functional Substitution
Nerve growth/brain repair can be:
Recovery post temporary blockage removal (edema, etc)
Secondary systems that start operating when primary systems b…
Areas of brain reprogram
Adaptive and functional OR maladaptive and nonfunctional
Diaschisis
Recovery post temporary blockage removal (edema, etc)
Redundancy
Secondary systems that start operating when primary systems b…
12 terms
Rehab Documentation Abbreviations 2
Transfemoral amputation
Transtibial amputions
Dibetes mellitus
Coronary artery bypass grafting
TFA
TTA
DM
CABG
Transfemoral amputation
TFA
Transtibial amputions
TTA
26 terms
The Brain - Parts & Functions
Limbic system
Cerebral cortex
Brainstem
Frontal lobe
A group of subcortical structures (as the hypothalamus, the h…
Outer layer of the brain, thinking, organizing, and creative…
Connects the spinal cord to the remainder of the brain and co…
Largest and longest lobe in each hemisphere. Located in the u…
Limbic system
A group of subcortical structures (as the hypothalamus, the h…
Cerebral cortex
Outer layer of the brain, thinking, organizing, and creative…
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