Study sets matching "rehab brain"

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Study sets matching "rehab brain"

Neuro Rehab: Brain Structures
Primary Motor Cortex (4) Input
Primary Motor Cortex (4) Output
Pre-Motor Cortex (6+8) Input
Pre-Motor Cortex (6+8) Output
Basal Ganglia... Cerebellum... Thalamus
Corticospinal tracts
pre-frontal cortex... Thalamus... Cerebellum
Projections to Area 4... Corticospinal tracts... Monosynaptic conne…
Primary Motor Cortex (4) Input
Basal Ganglia... Cerebellum... Thalamus
Primary Motor Cortex (4) Output
Corticospinal tracts
Brain Attack Rehab. ppt
-optimal functioning ... related to: phys…
Rehabilitation
physical, occupational, speech therapi…
the acute stage of the stroke
Rehabilitation is the process of maximizing the patient's cap…
Process of maximizing the patient's capabilities and resource…
the Rehab. process for a pt who had a brain attack: process i…
rehabilitation usually begins right after ....
-optimal functioning ... related to: phys…
Rehabilitation is the process of maximizing the patient's cap…
Rehabilitation
Process of maximizing the patient's capabilities and resource…
rehab brain damage
prenatal vs perinatal vs postnatal... ch…
traumatic brain injury
5-Oriented
4-Disoriented/Confused(pag adult/older…
Etiology of brain damage?
leading cause of death in US in children >1yo
Smiles, oriented to sound, follows objects, interacts
Cries but consolable, interacts inappropriately
prenatal vs perinatal vs postnatal... ch…
Etiology of brain damage?
traumatic brain injury
leading cause of death in US in children >1yo
Traumatic Brain Injury Intervention - Rehab
-Contracture Formation ... -Decubiti... -Poo…
hip and knee flexion ... plantar flexion
sidelying
-ROM - prone on eblows etc ... -Quadraped…
What are the consequences of early posturing? 3
what kind of contractures are we worried about for a TBI pt?
if a pt has a decubiti (pressure ulcer) what position should…
if a pt has poor functional mobility, what can be used? 3
-Contracture Formation ... -Decubiti... -Poo…
What are the consequences of early posturing? 3
hip and knee flexion ... plantar flexion
what kind of contractures are we worried about for a TBI pt?
Medical Aspect Brain (Rehab Counseling)
Acute Rehabilitation Program:
Affect:
Agnosia:
Agraphia:
The early phase of TBI rehabilitation which usually begins as…
The observable emotional condition of an individual at any gi…
Failure to recognize familiar objects although the sensory me…
Inability to express thoughts in writing.
Acute Rehabilitation Program:
The early phase of TBI rehabilitation which usually begins as…
Affect:
The observable emotional condition of an individual at any gi…
33 terms
NeuroRehab Early Brain development
What is FMRI?
How does grey and white matter develop?
What does this mean?
How does myelination occur in the brai…
functional MRI, registers blood flow in areas of brain
grey matter peaks at 10-12 years... white matter keeps increasi…
increasing function, speed of transmission, and smooth commun…
BS/cerebellum before hemispheres... Occipital lobe before front…
What is FMRI?
functional MRI, registers blood flow in areas of brain
How does grey and white matter develop?
grey matter peaks at 10-12 years... white matter keeps increasi…
39 terms
Traumatic brain injury-TBI- rehab
General info about TBI
what are the causes of TBI?
what are some other associated injuries?
What is considered an open brain injury?
-50,000 death a year from TBI... -male 2:1 than female, mostly 1…
-#1 MVA- 50%- includes bikes and pedestrians ... -falls= 25%... -as…
-open wounds... -fractures- skull, ribs, pelvis... -lungs- puncture…
-penetrating wound... -skull fracture... -focal deficits
General info about TBI
-50,000 death a year from TBI... -male 2:1 than female, mostly 1…
what are the causes of TBI?
-#1 MVA- 50%- includes bikes and pedestrians ... -falls= 25%... -as…
71 terms
The Brain and Nervous System- Rehab CVA
What does the central nervous system c…
What does the peripheral nervous syste…
What does the right cerebral hemispher…
What are the common clinical presentat…
the brain (cerebrum, cerebellum, brain stem) and spinal cord
-somatic nervous system: cranial nerves (12), spinal nerves(3…
-nonverbal and artistic ability... -hand-eye coordination... -spati…
-Left side hemiplegia/paresis... -Left side hemisensory loss... -L…
What does the central nervous system c…
the brain (cerebrum, cerebellum, brain stem) and spinal cord
What does the peripheral nervous syste…
-somatic nervous system: cranial nerves (12), spinal nerves(3…
Rehab II Ch 19 Traumatic Brain Injury
TBI
Loss of consciousness... Amnesia (PTA - P…
True
Closed Head Injury... Open Head Injury... Co…
An alteration in brain function, or other evidence of brain p…
What are some results of a TBI?
T or F... TBI Impact is number one cause of death AND disabilit…
Name 4 type of head injury?
TBI
An alteration in brain function, or other evidence of brain p…
Loss of consciousness... Amnesia (PTA - P…
What are some results of a TBI?
neuro drugs: traumatic brain injury rehab
anticoagulants
antiplatelets
anticholinergics
cholinergics
lovenox... coumadin (lab based)
plavix... ticlid
ditropan... urispas... * urinary antispasmotic (spasms = drip)
URecholine... * Urinary Retention
anticoagulants
lovenox... coumadin (lab based)
antiplatelets
plavix... ticlid
Rehab for Cognitive Impairments Post-Brain Injury
Cognition
Executive Functions
Reasons why PTs should care about cogn…
Process of Information Processing
The mental process of knowing and applying information... -Orien…
Higher order cognitive functions including being able to plan…
-Cognitive impairments influence POC-interventions chosen bas…
Goal is to improve motor output, but need cognition and proce…
Cognition
The mental process of knowing and applying information... -Orien…
Executive Functions
Higher order cognitive functions including being able to plan…
95 terms
Rehab Audiology
Normal
Mild
Moderate
Severe
0-25 db HL
25-45 dB HL
45-65 dB HL
65-85 dB HL
Normal
0-25 db HL
Mild
25-45 dB HL
rehab
Culture defines... the significance of d…
The vertebral level of injury for a ce…
Raising the head of the bed before tra…
Raising the head of the bed before tra…
...
...
gradual vessel accommodation from the supine position to the…
gradual vessel accommodation from the supine position to the…
Culture defines... the significance of d…
...
The vertebral level of injury for a ce…
...
Rehab UNIT 8 STUDY GUIDE
hemiplegia
Quadriplegia:
Paraplegia
Afferent nerves
paralysis on one side of the body
means there was injury between C1-7. paralysis on all four li…
: means there was injury between T1 to L3. paralysis of the l…
sensory nerves carry messages from the brain and spinal cord
hemiplegia
paralysis on one side of the body
Quadriplegia:
means there was injury between C1-7. paralysis on all four li…
chapter 3 rehab
feedback control
feedforward control
superficial sensory testing
deep sensory testing
uses sensory information received during the movement to moni…
is proactive strategy that uses sensory information obtained…
sharp/dull... temp... light touch ... deep pressure
kinesthetic awareness... proprioceptive awareness ... vibratory tes…
feedback control
uses sensory information received during the movement to moni…
feedforward control
is proactive strategy that uses sensory information obtained…
chapter 27 rehab
cognition
perception
hospitalization
the retraining approach
method used by the CNS to process information
is the ability to interpret sensory info and make that info m…
unfamiliar surroundings add to the impaired CNS compounding e…
transfer of training approach and practice of one task will c…
cognition
method used by the CNS to process information
perception
is the ability to interpret sensory info and make that info m…
31 terms
rehab test 2
motor control
neuroplasticity
for the mvt.s to be coordinated
highest CNS level
- can be reflexive which is mvt. that genetically predetermin…
refers to the capacity of the brain to adapt to injury throug…
all levels of the CNS must work, not in a strictly ascending…
association of cortex and b.g. organize sensory info and begi…
motor control
- can be reflexive which is mvt. that genetically predetermin…
neuroplasticity
refers to the capacity of the brain to adapt to injury throug…
Rehab Reflexes
What is Rooting Reaction?
Rooting Reaction- Onset
Rooting Reaction- Integration
Rooting Reaction- Developmental Signif…
When I baby turns toward a stimulus (like stroking) on the ch…
28 weeks gestation
2-3 months
Facilitated in the feeding position; babies that are not hung…
What is Rooting Reaction?
When I baby turns toward a stimulus (like stroking) on the ch…
Rooting Reaction- Onset
28 weeks gestation
chapter 5 rehab
motor control
motor skills
motor plan
motor learning
central nervous system, physical and behavioral process that…
learned through interaction and exploration of the environmen…
is an idea or plan for purposeful movement that is made up of…
a set of internal processes associated with practice or exper…
motor control
central nervous system, physical and behavioral process that…
motor skills
learned through interaction and exploration of the environmen…
39 terms
Rehab Definitions chapter 33
Ischemic stroke
Thrombosis
Embolism
Hemorrhagic strokes
From blockage of a cerbral vessel and can further be categori…
Stenosis or occlusion of a vessel
Dislodged platelets, cholesterol, or other material that form…
From a rupture of a weakened cerebral blood vessel. Either in…
Ischemic stroke
From blockage of a cerbral vessel and can further be categori…
Thrombosis
Stenosis or occlusion of a vessel
100 terms
Aural Rehab Exam 2
Percentage of children born with sever…
Universal Newborn Hearing Screening/ E…
When should hearing loss be IDENTIFIED…
Child is fit with AMPLIFICATION and is…
90-95%
is pass/fail; uses OAES, A-ABR, and behavioral tests to deter…
one month
three months
Percentage of children born with sever…
90-95%
Universal Newborn Hearing Screening/ E…
is pass/fail; uses OAES, A-ABR, and behavioral tests to deter…
Aural Rehab Quiz 4!!
Before you meet the client
During the parent interview
SLP needs to know
When do babies begin hearing?
Review the audiogram... - What do we want to know? ... Plot it on…
Age of identification... Etiology... Ear infections
What type of hearing aids or CI is the child utilizing?... Mona…
18 weeks after being conceived... So by the time the child is bo…
Before you meet the client
Review the audiogram... - What do we want to know? ... Plot it on…
During the parent interview
Age of identification... Etiology... Ear infections
REHAB UNIT 1
APTA's GUIDE TO PHYSICAL THERAPY PRACT…
1EXAMINATION... 2EVALUATION... 3DIAGNO…
EXAMINATION
EVALUATION
OUTLINES THE PT BODY OF KNOWLEDGE, BOUNDARIES,PREFERRED PRACT…
APTA'S 6ELEMENTS OF PATIENT/CLIENT MANAGEMENT
ELEMENT OF PATIENT/CLIENT MANAGEMENT THAT CONSIST OF *HISTORY…
ELEMENT OF PATIENT/CLIENT MANAGEMENT THAT IS THE PT'S *ASSESS…
APTA's GUIDE TO PHYSICAL THERAPY PRACT…
OUTLINES THE PT BODY OF KNOWLEDGE, BOUNDARIES,PREFERRED PRACT…
1EXAMINATION... 2EVALUATION... 3DIAGNO…
APTA'S 6ELEMENTS OF PATIENT/CLIENT MANAGEMENT
Rehab Final- final!
stroke, tumor, infection, toxin
falls, MVA, sports injury, physical vi…
head trauma which the skull in punctured
The skull in not broken
What are examples of non traumatic brain injury
What are examples of traumatic brain injury?
what is an open head injury?
What does it mean to have a closed head injury?
stroke, tumor, infection, toxin
What are examples of non traumatic brain injury
falls, MVA, sports injury, physical vi…
What are examples of traumatic brain injury?
phys rehab II exam 3
frontal lobe
parietal lobe
temporal lobe
occipital lobe
behavior... intelligence... memory... movement... smell
intelligence ... language... reading... sensation... hearing
behavior... hearing... memory... speech
vision
frontal lobe
behavior... intelligence... memory... movement... smell
parietal lobe
intelligence ... language... reading... sensation... hearing
33 terms
Hearing Rehab Test 2
Automatic Gain Control
Compression
Dynamic Range
Bands
in analog and digital HA's; amplifies quiet sounds until they…
circuitry to reduce loud sounds and keep them within the pati…
the patient's range of hearing
frequency ranges that can be adjusted individually; (some roc…
Automatic Gain Control
in analog and digital HA's; amplifies quiet sounds until they…
Compression
circuitry to reduce loud sounds and keep them within the pati…
90 terms
Aural Rehab test 1
Acoustic Reflex
Ipsilateral
Contralateral
Tympanometry
contraction of the middle ear muscles in response to intense…
reflex is stimulated and measured in the same ear.
stimulus is in the tested ear and measurement probe is in the…
the measurement of middle ear pressure, determined by the mob…
Acoustic Reflex
contraction of the middle ear muscles in response to intense…
Ipsilateral
reflex is stimulated and measured in the same ear.
53 terms
rehab: vestibular rehab
______ contains the five structures re…
the five structures that are responsib…
_______ primarily sense angular accele…
_________ are phasic so it turns on wh…
membranous labyrinth
3 semicircular canals (anterior, posterior, and horizontal) a…
semicircular canals
semicircular canals
______ contains the five structures re…
membranous labyrinth
the five structures that are responsib…
3 semicircular canals (anterior, posterior, and horizontal) a…
299 terms
rehab midterm
dynamic sitting or standing means ____…
what trunk movements are required to p…
what type of stroke when an artery or…
what type of hemmorrhage is bleeding a…
can they cross midline during the activity
trunk flexion, extension, internal rotation
hemorrhagic
subarachnoid
dynamic sitting or standing means ____…
can they cross midline during the activity
what trunk movements are required to p…
trunk flexion, extension, internal rotation
76 terms
hab & rehab - 1st lecture
Habilitation is the process of trainin…
REHABILITATION refers to the processes…
What is the legal age of consent in Al…
7% of meaning is in the ___________ wo…
functional limitation; society
maximum function
14 yoa
spoken
Habilitation is the process of trainin…
functional limitation; society
REHABILITATION refers to the processes…
maximum function
15 terms
Aural Rehab Term quiz 2
cochlear implant
BAHA
Speech Processor
electrode array
Device that electrically stimulates the auditory nerve of pat…
Bone anchored hearing aid; vibrate in response to sound input…
a part of the cochlear device that codes the information that…
helps to transduce a number of electrical impulses that are s…
cochlear implant
Device that electrically stimulates the auditory nerve of pat…
BAHA
Bone anchored hearing aid; vibrate in response to sound input…
46 terms
Rehab
Foot orthoses
Ankle foot orthoses
Knee orthoses
Knee Ankle Foot Orthoses
redistribute weight, equalize limb length discrepancy, suppor…
structurally bridge ankle joint, provide support, direct cont…
Prophylactic-- prevent injury... Postoperative-- after surgical…
improving stability and functional mobility for patient with…
Foot orthoses
redistribute weight, equalize limb length discrepancy, suppor…
Ankle foot orthoses
structurally bridge ankle joint, provide support, direct cont…
Rehab: Lesson 4
How many lobes does the brain have?
How many hemispheres do you have to do?
Which two areas do you study in the br…
How long do most head injuries take to…
4
2
Cognition/ Perception
5 to 10 years
How many lobes does the brain have?
4
How many hemispheres do you have to do?
2
56 terms
Aural Rehab--Signals and Modalities
Speaker
message
receiver
feedback
individual who has an idea and a need or purpose to communica…
the thought that is being expressed
they are the person that has the responsibility of receiving…
hearing the sound of ones own voice while one is speaking AND…
Speaker
individual who has an idea and a need or purpose to communica…
message
the thought that is being expressed
40 terms
Rehab 2nd test
-crine
Maxill-
Tri-
Phleb-
To secrete
Upper jawbone
Three
Vein
-crine
To secrete
Maxill-
Upper jawbone
Rehab: Lesson 6
Lowest level where movement and sensat…
Spinal cord Injury
Lowest level where movement and sensat…
Spinal cord Injury
141 terms
CVA neuro rehab
What is the most common type of stroke…
What are the two types of ischemic eve…
What are the two types of hemorrhagic…
Which type of stroke is more deadly? w…
Ischemic event (85-89%)
1) embolic 2) thrombotic
1) intracerebral hemorrhage - usually due to HTN 2) subarachn…
hemorrhagic for both because ischemic events damage more brai…
What is the most common type of stroke…
Ischemic event (85-89%)
What are the two types of ischemic eve…
1) embolic 2) thrombotic
Rehab: Lesson 3
What is the purpose of Cardiopulmonary…
What is the focus of Cardiopulmonary R…
Term used to describe the amount of en…
Term used to describe the ability to c…
To decrease the risk of another event
Prevention
Energy Utilization
Endurance
What is the purpose of Cardiopulmonary…
To decrease the risk of another event
What is the focus of Cardiopulmonary R…
Prevention
68 terms
Lecture 1 - Stroke Rehab
what are the three most common causes…
name some modifiable risks for stroke
name some non-modifiable risks for str…
what are the 2 main types of stroke?
1. cardiovascular disease... 2. cancer... 3. stroke
-Hypertension... -Smoking ... -Obesity... -Elevated serum fibrinogen l…
-Age (especially after age 75)... -Gender (Slightly higher risk…
Ischemic... Hemorrhagic
what are the three most common causes…
1. cardiovascular disease... 2. cancer... 3. stroke
name some modifiable risks for stroke
-Hypertension... -Smoking ... -Obesity... -Elevated serum fibrinogen l…
Aural Rehab
Hearing Loss
Hearing
Causes of Hearing Loss
Diseases where hearing loss often pres…
2nd most prevalent health issue globally; # is more than thos…
Complex sense involving sensitivity of the ear and ability to…
Noise, aging, disease, injury and heredity
diabetes, depression, cardiovascular events, falls, cancer pa…
Hearing Loss
2nd most prevalent health issue globally; # is more than thos…
Hearing
Complex sense involving sensitivity of the ear and ability to…
50 terms
Rehab Test 1
You have a brand new stroke patient in…
When working with NDT technique, you a…
Your patient has been diagnosed with a…
When working with a stroke patient, th…
Facilitation of the left U/E and sitting balance/posture
The unaffected leg, then the affected leg
Vertebral system.
Humeral internal rotation and scapular depression
You have a brand new stroke patient in…
Facilitation of the left U/E and sitting balance/posture
When working with NDT technique, you a…
The unaffected leg, then the affected leg
Inpatient Rehab
Purpose of Inpatient Rehabilotation
TBI
1) Open/Penetrating TBI
2) Closed/Blunt TBI
Typical stay: 2-3 weeks
TBI is a subcategory of acquired brain injury... Brain injury c…
-Due to a penetrating force... -Usually more focal damage... -Inc…
-Insult to brain but the skull remains intact ... -Caused by ra…
Purpose of Inpatient Rehabilotation
Typical stay: 2-3 weeks
TBI
TBI is a subcategory of acquired brain injury... Brain injury c…
Brain Injury
Decorticate
Decerebrate
Dysarthria
Dysphagia
Arms, wrists, fingers flexed....bent inward to chest
arched spine, like an E, plantar flexion. More ominous postur…
the inability to use speech that is distinct and connected be…
Difficulty swallowing
Decorticate
Arms, wrists, fingers flexed....bent inward to chest
Decerebrate
arched spine, like an E, plantar flexion. More ominous postur…
Rehab. Ch. 4
Legal disability term
approximately ___ people of the 320.5…
formulated by Office of Disease Preven…
compared with non-disabled population,…
a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one…
56.7 million
Healthy People 2020
less
Legal disability term
a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one…
approximately ___ people of the 320.5…
56.7 million
291 terms
final exam rehab
what type of splint would you use with…
what type of splint would you use with…
what type of splint would you use with…
what type of splint would you use with…
dynamic extension splint with radial pull
Dynamic extension splint
hand based thumb splint
forearm based thumb splint
what type of splint would you use with…
dynamic extension splint with radial pull
what type of splint would you use with…
Dynamic extension splint
Aural Rehab
Aural Rehabilitation
Habilitation
Rehabilitation
Process of Aural Rehabilitation
The professional efforts designed to help a person with a hea…
no foundations
foundations (of hearing)- getting it back
diagnosis, counseling, fitting hearing assistive devises, inf…
Aural Rehabilitation
The professional efforts designed to help a person with a hea…
Habilitation
no foundations
57 terms
Cancer Rehab - Topics 1
CA rates increase w/ age, 1.6 million…
5 yr survival for many ca sites is 68%…
May have extensive impairments and act…
main symptoms reported by patients wit…
why cancer is common
why cancer is chronic
why cancer complex
chronic fatigue
CA rates increase w/ age, 1.6 million…
why cancer is common
5 yr survival for many ca sites is 68%…
why cancer is chronic
75 terms
Aural Rehab Quiz 1
Audiologic Rebahilitation
Pure Tone Testing
Visual Reinforcement Audiometry
Play Audiometry
Things we do to minimize the negative effects of hearing loss
- Standard procedure for people 5+ years old... - Use play audio…
Baby sits on mom's lap, have one sound on right and one on le…
"When you hear the beep, put the peg in the hole"
Audiologic Rebahilitation
Things we do to minimize the negative effects of hearing loss
Pure Tone Testing
- Standard procedure for people 5+ years old... - Use play audio…
Aural Rehab Chapter 12
Baby boomers
Temporal-order discrimination
Dichotic-syllable identification
Presbycusis
The generation born between the years 1946 and 1965.
Requires a patient to attend to the order in which auditory s…
Task entails presenting two consonant-vowel syllables to a pa…
A generic term used to refer to age-related hearing loss.
Baby boomers
The generation born between the years 1946 and 1965.
Temporal-order discrimination
Requires a patient to attend to the order in which auditory s…
Rehab
Nagi disability model
Disease
Impairments
Functional limitations
Disease, impairments, functional limitations, and disability
Pathology with signs and symptoms that disrupt an individual'…
Alterations in anatomic or physiologic structures or functions
Occur as a result of impairments and limit patient abilities…
Nagi disability model
Disease, impairments, functional limitations, and disability
Disease
Pathology with signs and symptoms that disrupt an individual'…
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