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Study sets matching "relaxants depressants muscle"

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Study sets matching "relaxants depressants muscle"

51 terms
CNS Depressants and Muscle Relaxants
Sedatives
sedatives in too high of doses cause w…
Hypnotics
Sedative-Hypnotics are dependent on wh…
have an inhibitory effect on the CNS... depress thinking... depress…
cause drugs to act like a hypnotic... cause sleep ... cause death
decreased functional capacity... DIFFERENT THAN SEDATIVES... more p…
DOSE
Sedatives
have an inhibitory effect on the CNS... depress thinking... depress…
sedatives in too high of doses cause w…
cause drugs to act like a hypnotic... cause sleep ... cause death
21 terms
muscle relaxants/CNS depressants
side effects to muscle relaxants
baclofen (lioresal) MOA/notes
cyclobenzaprine (flexeril) MOA/notes
methocarbamol (robaxin) MOA/notes
drowsiness, dizziness, ataxia, lightheadedness, N/V/D
most effective because derivative of GABA, increases GABA act…
increases GABA, short term, dry mouth and urinary retention
increases GABA, short term, brown black or green urine
side effects to muscle relaxants
drowsiness, dizziness, ataxia, lightheadedness, N/V/D
baclofen (lioresal) MOA/notes
most effective because derivative of GABA, increases GABA act…
32 terms
CNS Depressants and Muscle Relaxants
Benzodiazepines-... Uses
Benzodiazepines-... Drugs end in am
Benzodiazepines-... Contraindications
Benzodiazepines-... Adverse Drug Effects
-Sedative... -Hypnotic... -Anxiolytic... -Combination of above
-Alprazolam [Xanax]... -Diazepam [Valium]... -Lorazepam [Ativan]... -T…
-Known drug allergy... -Angle closure glaucoma... -Pregnancy
-Unwanted CNS depression or paradoxical reactions... -Dizziness…
Benzodiazepines-... Uses
-Sedative... -Hypnotic... -Anxiolytic... -Combination of above
Benzodiazepines-... Drugs end in am
-Alprazolam [Xanax]... -Diazepam [Valium]... -Lorazepam [Ativan]... -T…
26 terms
CNS depressants and muscle relaxants
anxiolytics
sedatives
hypnotics
benzodiazepines
relieves feelings of anxiety
unaware of environment
produce sleep or unawareness- nightmares, sleep walking, trou…
most frequently used for anxiety, sedations, and hypnotics
anxiolytics
relieves feelings of anxiety
sedatives
unaware of environment
46 terms
CNS Depressants and muscle relaxants
Benzodiazepines Moa
Benzodiazepines Uses
Benzodiazepines Contras
Benzodiazepines ADE
↑ GABA → ↓ CNS activity/stimulation
Sedative... Hypnotic... Anxiolytic... Combination of above
Known drug allergy... Angle closure glaucoma... Pregnancy
Unwanted CNS depression or paradoxical reactions Dizziness Dr…
Benzodiazepines Moa
↑ GABA → ↓ CNS activity/stimulation
Benzodiazepines Uses
Sedative... Hypnotic... Anxiolytic... Combination of above
21 terms
CNS Depressants and Muscle Relaxants
Benzodiazepines and Miscellaneous Hypn…
Benzos and Misc. Indications
Benzos and Misc. Contraindications
Benzos and Misc. Adverse Effects
no certain MOA; thought to involve GABA; depresses CNS
sedation, relief of agitation or anxiety, sleep induction, sh…
KDA; glaucoma; pregnancy
HA, drowsiness, nervousness, dizziness, lethargy, cognitive i…
Benzodiazepines and Miscellaneous Hypn…
no certain MOA; thought to involve GABA; depresses CNS
Benzos and Misc. Indications
sedation, relief of agitation or anxiety, sleep induction, sh…
21 terms
CNS Depressants and Muscle Relaxants
CNS Depressants: Anxiolytics
CNS Depressants: Sedatives
CNS Depressants: Hypnotics
Benzodiazpines
relieves feelings of anxiety
unaware of environment; don't care what's going on
produce sleep or unawareness; can produce nightmares or sleep…
Most frequently used: anxiety, sedation, hypnotics... Other ther…
CNS Depressants: Anxiolytics
relieves feelings of anxiety
CNS Depressants: Sedatives
unaware of environment; don't care what's going on
22 terms
CNS Depressants & Muscle Relaxants
Benzodiazepines
Long-acting Benzodiazepines
Intermediate-acting Benzodiazepines
Short-acting Benzodiazepines
-Sedative-hypnotic... -Anxiolytic (medication that relieves anxi…
diazepam (Valium)... clonazepam (Klonopin)
alprazolam (Xanax)... lorazepam (Ativan)... temazepam (Restoril)
eszopiclone (Lunesta)... midazolam (Versed)... triazolam (Halcion)…
Benzodiazepines
-Sedative-hypnotic... -Anxiolytic (medication that relieves anxi…
Long-acting Benzodiazepines
diazepam (Valium)... clonazepam (Klonopin)
53 terms
CNS Depressants and Muscle Relaxants
Sedatives
CNS depressants
Low dose hypnotics
Sedative Hypnotics
drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the CNS to the degree…
things that reduce excitability
can cause sleep **... much more potent effect on CNS than sedati…
low dose: calm w/o inducing sleep... high dose: calm CNS to poin…
Sedatives
drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the CNS to the degree…
CNS depressants
things that reduce excitability
17 terms
CNS Depressants & Muscle Relaxants
Sedative-Hypnotic Benzodiazepines and…
Drug Interactions of CNS depressants a…
Benzodiazepines
MOA of CNS Benzodiazepines
Long Acting: ... Clonazepam (Klonopin)... Diazepam (Valium)... Fluraze…
Kava (alcohol, barbiturates, psychoactive drugs) and Valerian…
Diazepam (Valium)... Midazolam (Versed)... Temazepam (Restoril)
Depress activity of the CNA. May be specific receptors in the…
Sedative-Hypnotic Benzodiazepines and…
Long Acting: ... Clonazepam (Klonopin)... Diazepam (Valium)... Fluraze…
Drug Interactions of CNS depressants a…
Kava (alcohol, barbiturates, psychoactive drugs) and Valerian…
43 terms
CNS Depressants and Muscle Relaxants
CNS depressants
sedatives
hypnotics
benzodiazepines
- drugs that have a calming effect or that depress the CNS... -…
inhibitory effect on the CNS to the degree that they reduce:…
- CNS depressant that causes sleep... - much more potent effect…
- sedative-hypnotics... - function along a continuum as a sedati…
CNS depressants
- drugs that have a calming effect or that depress the CNS... -…
sedatives
inhibitory effect on the CNS to the degree that they reduce:…
16 terms
CNS Depressants and Muscle Relaxants
Benzodiazepines and Misc. Hypnotic Drugs
Diazepam (Valium)
Midazolam (Versed)
* Temazepam (Restoril)
Indications: Sedation, relief of agitation or anxiety, treamt…
Treatment of anxiety, procedural sedation and anesthesia adju…
Most commonly used preoperatively and for moderate sedation,…
Intermediate-acting benzodiazepine. Induces sleep w/in 20 to…
Benzodiazepines and Misc. Hypnotic Drugs
Indications: Sedation, relief of agitation or anxiety, treamt…
Diazepam (Valium)
Treatment of anxiety, procedural sedation and anesthesia adju…
8 terms
CNS depressants and muscle relaxants
A sedative can become
Sedatives
Benzodiazepines lower
Most significant effect of benzodiazep…
a hypnotic if it is given in large enough doses
Drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the CNS to the degre…
BP... Safety risk start low dose and go up
"Hangover" effect/daytime sleepiness- most significant effect…
A sedative can become
a hypnotic if it is given in large enough doses
Sedatives
Drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the CNS to the degre…
14 terms
CNS Depressants & Muscle Relaxants
CNS depressants are drugs are classifi…
Calms patient down without causing sle…
Cause sleep and are more potent
Drugs that can act as either a sedativ…
sedative, hypnotic
Sedatives
Hypnotics
Sedative-Hypnotics
CNS depressants are drugs are classifi…
sedative, hypnotic
Calms patient down without causing sle…
Sedatives
21 terms
muscle relaxants and CNS depressants
Baclofen (lioresal)
cyclobenzaprine (flexeril)
methocarbamol (robabxin)
diazepam (valium)
central acting muscle relaxant
short term muscle relaxant
short term muscle relaxant
central acting benzodiazepine muscle relaxant... anxiolytic, ant…
Baclofen (lioresal)
central acting muscle relaxant
cyclobenzaprine (flexeril)
short term muscle relaxant
58 terms
Muscle Relaxants and CNS Depressants
centrally acting skeletal muscle relax…
chronic debilitating disorders... spasms…
MS, strokes, CP, head and spinal cord…
pain and limited mobility
what are the two types of musculoskeletal relaxants
indications for muscle relaxants (2)
examples of chronic debilitating disorders
what two broad things do muscle relaxants cause making them a…
centrally acting skeletal muscle relax…
what are the two types of musculoskeletal relaxants
chronic debilitating disorders... spasms…
indications for muscle relaxants (2)
31 terms
CNS DEPRESSANTS AND MUSCLE RELAXANTS
Benzodiazepines and other Hypnotic Dru…
Benzodiazepines and other Hypnotic Dru…
Long-Term use Insomnia Drugs... (nonbenzo…
Benzodiazepines and other Hypnotic Dru…
*Depress CNS specifically hypothalamic, thalamic and limbic s…
*Sedation... *Anxiety related depression... *Sleep induction... *Skele…
*Eszoplicone (Lunesta)... *Zolpidem (Ambien CR)
Drug Allergy... Glaucoma... Pregnancy
Benzodiazepines and other Hypnotic Dru…
*Depress CNS specifically hypothalamic, thalamic and limbic s…
Benzodiazepines and other Hypnotic Dru…
*Sedation... *Anxiety related depression... *Sleep induction... *Skele…
CNS Depressants & Muscle Relaxants
What does an anxiolytic do?
What do sedatives do?
What do hypnotics do?
What are benzodiazepines most frequent…
Relieves feelings of anxiety
Make a person unaware of their environment
Produce sleep or unawareness
Anxiety... Sedation... Hypnotics
What does an anxiolytic do?
Relieves feelings of anxiety
What do sedatives do?
Make a person unaware of their environment
13 terms
CNS Depressants and Muscle Relaxants
barbiturates
benzodiazepines
gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)
hypnotics
a class of drugs that are chemical derivatives of barbituric…
a chemical category of drugs most frequently Rxed as anxiolyt…
the primary inhibitory NT found in the brain; a key compound…
drugs that, when given at low-moderate dosages, calm or sooth…
barbiturates
a class of drugs that are chemical derivatives of barbituric…
benzodiazepines
a chemical category of drugs most frequently Rxed as anxiolyt…
31 terms
CNS depressants and muscle relaxants
sedatives
hypnotics
CNS depressant classifications
REM sleep
drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the CNS to the degree…
cause sleep
barbiturates... benzodiazepines... miscellaneous
when you have dreams
sedatives
drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the CNS to the degree…
hypnotics
cause sleep
42 terms
CNS Depressants & Muscle Relaxants
What do sedatives do?
What do hypnotics do?
What are Sedative-Hypnotics?
What is the first step in treatment of…
calm patient down without causing sleep; large doses will cau…
cause sleep and are more potent than sedatives
drugs that can act as either sedative or hypnotic depending o…
NON-PHARMACOLOGICAL
What do sedatives do?
calm patient down without causing sleep; large doses will cau…
What do hypnotics do?
cause sleep and are more potent than sedatives
72 terms
Muscle Relaxants and CNS Depressants
Indications for Musculoskeletal relaxa…
SE for Musculoskeletal relaxants
Centrally acting musculoskeletal relax…
Baclofen (lioresal)
Chronic debilitating disorders (MS, strokes, cerebral palsy,…
Drowsiness... Dizziness and ataxia (trouble walking)... Light heade…
Enhance GABA inhibitory effects -> muscle relaxation (CNS dep…
Central acting musculoskeletal relaxant... GABA derivative/GABA…
Indications for Musculoskeletal relaxa…
Chronic debilitating disorders (MS, strokes, cerebral palsy,…
SE for Musculoskeletal relaxants
Drowsiness... Dizziness and ataxia (trouble walking)... Light heade…
33 terms
CNS depressants and muscle relaxants
Benzodiazapam drug 1
Benzodiazapam drug 2
Benzodiazapam drug 3
Benzodiazapam drug 4
Lorazapam (Ativan)
Alprazolam (Xanax)
Chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
Diazepam (Valium)
Benzodiazapam drug 1
Lorazapam (Ativan)
Benzodiazapam drug 2
Alprazolam (Xanax)
28 terms
CNS Depressants and Muscle Relaxants
reduce nervousness, excitability, and…
cause sleep; much more potent on CNS t…
can become a hypnotic if it is given i…
long-acting sedative-hypnotic(Benzo)
CNS Depressants
hypnotics
hypnotics
diazepam
reduce nervousness, excitability, and…
CNS Depressants
cause sleep; much more potent on CNS t…
hypnotics
12 terms
CNS depressants and muscle relaxants
What are sedatives
Hypnotics
3 main groups of sedative hypnotics
2 classifications of benzos
Drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the CNS to the degree…
cause sleep, much more potent than sedatives
Barbiturates, benzo, miscellaneous drugs
sedative-hypnotic or anxiolytic
What are sedatives
Drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the CNS to the degree…
Hypnotics
cause sleep, much more potent than sedatives
12 terms
CNS depressants and muscle relaxants
What are sedatives
Hypnotics
3 main groups of sedative hypnotics
2 classifications of benzos
Drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the CNS to the degree…
cause sleep, much more potent than sedatives
Barbiturates, benzo, miscellaneous drugs
sedative-hypnotic or anxiolytic
What are sedatives
Drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the CNS to the degree…
Hypnotics
cause sleep, much more potent than sedatives
21 terms
CNS Depressants and Muscle Relaxants
Whats the difference between sedatives…
Benzodiazepines
Long acting benzodiazepines
Intermediate acting benzodiazepines
Sedatives allow you to fall asleep and hypnotics make you sleep
Are used as sedative or anxiolytic depending on the dose. (-l…
Valium and Klonopin ... 12-24 hour duration
Xanax, Ativan, and Restoril ... 6-8 hours, excellent medications
Whats the difference between sedatives…
Sedatives allow you to fall asleep and hypnotics make you sleep
Benzodiazepines
Are used as sedative or anxiolytic depending on the dose. (-l…
69 terms
CNS depressants and muscle relaxants
CNS depressants are on a continuum, so…
Do sedatives make you sleep or drowsy?
What is the role of a tranquilizer?
How many stages of sleep are there tha…
hypnotic
drowsy
To calm so this is good for anti-anxiety
4
CNS depressants are on a continuum, so…
hypnotic
Do sedatives make you sleep or drowsy?
drowsy
26 terms
CNS depressant and muscle relaxants
Alpraxolam
Diazepam
Lorazepam
Chlordiazepoxide
Benzodiazepine
Benzodiazepine
Benzodiazepine
Benzodiazepine
Alpraxolam
Benzodiazepine
Diazepam
Benzodiazepine
28 terms
CNS depressants & muscle relaxers
calms pt down w/o causing sleep?
causes sleep, more potent?
can act as either sedative or hypnotic…
what are some non pharmacological trea…
sedative
hypnotic
sedative hypnotic
quiet environment... warm milk or tea... shower... reading... massage... lav…
calms pt down w/o causing sleep?
sedative
causes sleep, more potent?
hypnotic
97 terms
Pharmacology: Muscle Relaxants and CNS Depressants
When we are talking about muscle relax…
Most musculoskeletal relaxants are
How many direct acting skeletal muscle…
What is the one direct acting skeletal…
-severe pain... -we are talking about other medications for mana…
-centrally acting ... -work in the brain and spinal cord, NOT th…
-only ONE
-dantrium
When we are talking about muscle relax…
-severe pain... -we are talking about other medications for mana…
Most musculoskeletal relaxants are
-centrally acting ... -work in the brain and spinal cord, NOT th…
8 terms
CNS Depressant and Muscle relaxant
Benzodiazepines... Schedule Iv control su…
Contraindications
Adverse effects
Toxicity managemet overdose
Antidote(flumazenil)
Drug allergy... Narrow glaucoma... Pregnancy
Excessive dose w/alcohol... Headache... Drowsiness... Paradoxical... Exci…
Flumazenil ( overdose or excessive intravenously)
Benzodiazepines... Schedule Iv control su…
Antidote(flumazenil)
Contraindications
Drug allergy... Narrow glaucoma... Pregnancy
59 terms
Chapter 12: Depressants and Muscle Relaxants
Barbiturates use
Are barbiturates widely prescribed?
When are barbiturates primarily used n…
Method of barbiturates?
Sedation, seizure treatment, and anesthesia during surgery.
No, because 1) The increased use of benzos in similar cases o…
Prior to surgery, one-time, during monitored situations
Inhibit nerve impulses in the brain.
Barbiturates use
Sedation, seizure treatment, and anesthesia during surgery.
Are barbiturates widely prescribed?
No, because 1) The increased use of benzos in similar cases o…
18 terms
CNS Depressants/stimulants and Muscle Relaxants
diazepam(Valium)
midazolam(Versed)
temazepam(Restoril)
zaleplon(Sonata)
Benzodiazepine... treatment of anxiety... procedural sedation and a…
Benzodiazepine... used for preoperatively and moderate sedation…
intermediate-acting benzodiazepine... induces sleep within 20-40…
short acting nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic... short half-life... patie…
diazepam(Valium)
Benzodiazepine... treatment of anxiety... procedural sedation and a…
midazolam(Versed)
Benzodiazepine... used for preoperatively and moderate sedation…
15 terms
CNS Depressants & Muscle Relaxants Names
diazepam
clonazepam
alprazolam
lorazepam
Valium
Klonopin
Xanax
Ativan
diazepam
Valium
clonazepam
Klonopin
33 terms
Patho: CNS Depressants and Muscle Relaxants
Two types of drugs that have a calming…
Which depressant inhibits the CNS to t…
Which depressant causes sleep and is m…
List 3 sedative-hypnotic groups
Sedatives... Hypnotics
Sedatives
Hypnotic
Benzodiazepines... Miscillaneous... Barbiturates
Two types of drugs that have a calming…
Sedatives... Hypnotics
Which depressant inhibits the CNS to t…
Sedatives
50 terms
CNS Depressants and Muscle Relaxants: Pharmacology
Sedatives
Hypnotics
Low Dose of Sedative/Hynotics
High Dose of Sedative/Hypnotic
Inhibitory effect on the CNS to the degree that they reduce:…
Cause sleep ... Much more potent on CNS then sedatives ... -Sedativ…
Calms the CNS w/o inducing sleep
Calms the CNS to point of causing sleep
Sedatives
Inhibitory effect on the CNS to the degree that they reduce:…
Hypnotics
Cause sleep ... Much more potent on CNS then sedatives ... -Sedativ…
35 terms
Pharm: Muscle Relaxants and CNS Depressants
Most Musculoskeletal relaxants are:
Indications for musculoskeletal relaxa…
Side effects of musculoskeletal relaxa…
Centrally-acting skeletal muscle relax…
Centrally acting skeletal muscle relaxants ... Dantrium: direct…
Treating spasticity: ... 1. Chronic debilitating disorders- MS,…
Drowsiness ... Dizziness and ataxia ... Lightheadedness ... N/V/D
Depresses the CNS, no direct action on muscles; enhance gamma…
Most Musculoskeletal relaxants are:
Centrally acting skeletal muscle relaxants ... Dantrium: direct…
Indications for musculoskeletal relaxa…
Treating spasticity: ... 1. Chronic debilitating disorders- MS,…
9 terms
PHARM CNS depressants and muscle relaxants
CNS depressants: inhibit transmission…
BENZODIAZEPINES:... -were most commonly p…
BENZO adverse effects:... ______... _____... __…
BENZO;... ____ for ____, ____, and anti-_…
nerve... sedatives... hypotonics... sedative-hypotonic (barbiturate…
sedative-hypotonic... benzos... AE, toxicities... anxiolytics, seda…
headache... drowsiness... paradoxical... dizziness, vertigo... cognit…
diazepam, anxiety, sedation, convulsant... lorazepam, anxiety,…
CNS depressants: inhibit transmission…
nerve... sedatives... hypotonics... sedative-hypotonic (barbiturate…
BENZODIAZEPINES:... -were most commonly p…
sedative-hypotonic... benzos... AE, toxicities... anxiolytics, seda…
13 terms
Pharmacology: CNS Depressants and Muscle Relaxants
Sedatives
hypnotics
sedative-hypnotic:... barbiturates... benzo…
sleep -> REM & Non-REM
drugs that have inhibitory effect; reduce nervousness, excita…
cause sleep; more potent than sedatives
dose dependent; ranges between sedative and hypnotic;
cyclic & repetitive; unaware of sensory stimuli within immedi…
Sedatives
drugs that have inhibitory effect; reduce nervousness, excita…
hypnotics
cause sleep; more potent than sedatives
40 terms
Chapter 12 (CNS Depressants and Muscle Relaxants)
Chapter 12 (Central Nervous System Dep…
CNS Depressants - Sedatives
CNS Depressants -Hypnotics
CNS Depressants - Sedative-hypnotics—d…
Power-point information
SEDATIVES... ◾ Drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the ... CNS…
HYPNOTICS... ◾ Cause sleep... ◾ A sedative can become a hypnotic if…
Sedative-hypnotics—dose dependent... ◾ At low doses, calm the CN…
Chapter 12 (Central Nervous System Dep…
Power-point information
CNS Depressants - Sedatives
SEDATIVES... ◾ Drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the ... CNS…
40 terms
Chapter 12 (CNS Depressants and Muscle Relaxants)
CNS Depressants - Sedatives
CNS Depressants -Hypnotics
CNS Depressants - Sedative-hypnotics—d…
Sleep
SEDATIVES... ◾ Drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the ... CNS…
HYPNOTICS... ◾ Cause sleep... ◾ A sedative can become a hypnotic if…
Sedative-hypnotics—dose dependent... ◾ At low doses, calm the CN…
◾ Normal sleep is cyclic and repetitive... ◾ A sleeping person i…
CNS Depressants - Sedatives
SEDATIVES... ◾ Drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the ... CNS…
CNS Depressants -Hypnotics
HYPNOTICS... ◾ Cause sleep... ◾ A sedative can become a hypnotic if…
54 terms
Central Nervous System Depressants and Muscle Relaxants
Barbituates
Benzodiazepines
Gamma-aminobutyric acid
Hypnotics
a class of drugs that are chemical derivatives barbituric aci…
a chemical category of drugs used to be the most frequently p…
an inhibitory neurotransmitter found in the brain
drugs that, when given in a low to moderate dosage, calm or s…
Barbituates
a class of drugs that are chemical derivatives barbituric aci…
Benzodiazepines
a chemical category of drugs used to be the most frequently p…
93 terms
Chapter 12- CNS depressants & Muscle Relaxants
What are sedatives?
What do CNS depressants and muscle rel…
What are hypnotics?
Which is more powerful on the CNS: hyp…
drugs that inhibit effect on the CNS to the degree that they…
they all have a low therapeutic index
they cause sleep
hypnotics
What are sedatives?
drugs that inhibit effect on the CNS to the degree that they…
What do CNS depressants and muscle rel…
they all have a low therapeutic index
13 terms
Ch.12 CNS depressants & Muscle relaxants
Barbiturates
Benzodiazepines
Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA)
Hypnotics
A class of drugs that are chemical derivatives of barbituric…
A chemical category of drugs most frequently prescribed as an…
the primary inhibitory neurotransmitter found in the brain. A…
Drugs that, when given at low to moderate dosages, calm or so…
Barbiturates
A class of drugs that are chemical derivatives of barbituric…
Benzodiazepines
A chemical category of drugs most frequently prescribed as an…
21 terms
Chapter 12: CNS depressants and muscle relaxants
reduce nervousness, excitability, and…
Dantrolene
cause sleep and have a much more poten…
May reduce the cumulative amount of RE…
What do Sedatives do?
what is the drug of choice for Tx malignant hyperthermia?
What do hypnotics do?
What occurs with prolonged hypnotic use
reduce nervousness, excitability, and…
What do Sedatives do?
Dantrolene
what is the drug of choice for Tx malignant hyperthermia?
10 terms
chapter 12/ CNS depressants and muscle relaxants
Benzodiazepines are used used in the t…
toxicity rarely occurs with benzodiaze…
Kava and valerian (herbal supplements)…
Phenoobarbital and mephobarbital are r…
...
...
...
...
Benzodiazepines are used used in the t…
...
toxicity rarely occurs with benzodiaze…
...
57 terms
CH 12: CNS Depressants/Muscle Relaxants
Sedatives
Hypnotics
Sedative-hypnotics: dose dependent
Sedative Hypnotics Groups
- Drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the CNS ... - They red…
- Cause sleep... - More potent effects on CNS than sedatives... - S…
- At low doses calms the CNS without inducing sleep... - At high…
- Barbiturates... - Benzodiazepines
Sedatives
- Drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the CNS ... - They red…
Hypnotics
- Cause sleep... - More potent effects on CNS than sedatives... - S…
15 terms
Chapter 12 CNS depressants & muscle relaxants
Cyclobenzaprine
Dantrolene
Baclofen/Lioresal
Muscle relaxant/anti-spasticity
Muscle relaxant/antispasticity... Indication: spasticity... Centra…
Muscle relaxant/anti-spasticity... Indication: spasticity... Direc…
Muscle relaxant/anti-spasticity... Indication: spasticity... Centr…
Treat muscle spasticity.... Centrally acting work within CNS,ca…
Cyclobenzaprine
Muscle relaxant/antispasticity... Indication: spasticity... Centra…
Dantrolene
Muscle relaxant/anti-spasticity... Indication: spasticity... Direc…
36 terms
CH 12. CNS Depressants and Muscle Relaxants
CNS Depressants: Sedatives
CNS Depressants: Hypnotics
CNS Depressants (cont'd)
Sleep
Sedatives... Drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the CNS to…
Hypnotics... Cause sleep... Much more potent effect on CNS than sed…
Sedative-hypnotics—dose dependent... At low doses, calm the CNS…
Normal sleep is cyclic and repetitive... A sleeping person is un…
CNS Depressants: Sedatives
Sedatives... Drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the CNS to…
CNS Depressants: Hypnotics
Hypnotics... Cause sleep... Much more potent effect on CNS than sed…
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