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Study sets matching "religions living world"

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Study sets matching "religions living world"

214 terms
Living World Religions Final
What is the Psychological explanation…
What is the Sociological explanation f…
What is the Biological explanation for…
Outline the 5 stages of alleged evolut…
People invented religion to fulfill their emotional needs. E.…
People invented religion for the sake of social cohesion.
Assumes people move from:... a. low (power/control) to high (tru…
1. Mana-supernatural or magical power.... 2. Animisim-belief in…
What is the Psychological explanation…
People invented religion to fulfill their emotional needs. E.…
What is the Sociological explanation f…
People invented religion for the sake of social cohesion.
76 terms
Living World Religions: Islam
Statistics for Islam
Arabian Penisula
Ka'aba
Hanifs
-atleast 50 nations with Muslim majorities... -1.5 billion Musli…
-much idolatry and animism... -360 idols worshiped at Ka'aba... -M…
-itself a shrine to a goddess from heaven... -meterorite
-pious ones
Statistics for Islam
-atleast 50 nations with Muslim majorities... -1.5 billion Musli…
Arabian Penisula
-much idolatry and animism... -360 idols worshiped at Ka'aba... -M…
65 terms
Living World Religions: Hinduism
Ritual
When was Hinduism brought to India
4 Vedas
Vedas
-the way of works... -gave rise to the way of knowledge --> veda…
-during Aryan invasion
-rituals prescribed... 1. Rig-Veda... 2. Yajur-Veda... 3. Sama-Veda... 4.…
-books of knowledge... -written by Hindu wise men... -foundational…
Ritual
-the way of works... -gave rise to the way of knowledge --> veda…
When was Hinduism brought to India
-during Aryan invasion
20 terms
Living World Final - Japanese Religions
Percent of Japanese that are Christian
Ameratsu
Kojiki
Nihon Shoki
1%
The sun goddess and the emperor's alleged mother.
"record of ancient matters". Compiled by Yasumaro in 712
"the chronicles of Japan". Completed by Shotoku Daishi in 720
Percent of Japanese that are Christian
1%
Ameratsu
The sun goddess and the emperor's alleged mother.
51 terms
Living World Religions 1
Van Voorst definition of Religion
Correct definition of Religion?
Empirical Pluralism
Cherished Pluralism
Religion is a pattern of beliefs and practices that expresses…
We all know what we are talking about even if we can't define…
the fact of diversity
the good things about diversity
Van Voorst definition of Religion
Religion is a pattern of beliefs and practices that expresses…
Correct definition of Religion?
We all know what we are talking about even if we can't define…
56 terms
Living World Religions Test 1
The story line of religion
Mana
Animism
Polytheism
a. mana... b. animism... c. polytheism... d. henotheism... e. monotheism
Humans sensed mana (a spiritual force in the world) and desig…
Then, personified those spiritual forces as ancestors.
Then, elevated departed spirits to god-like status and person…
The story line of religion
a. mana... b. animism... c. polytheism... d. henotheism... e. monotheism
Mana
Humans sensed mana (a spiritual force in the world) and desig…
60 terms
Living World Religions Judaism
Abram (Abraham)
Adonai (Hebrew)
aggadah
Aramaic
patriarch of Jews, Christians, and Muslims. The Lord renamed…
term for "Lord" spoken out loud in places where YHVH appears…
narrative. Jewish legend, parable, joke, sermon, historical t…
ancient semitic family of languages. Widely used by Jews and…
Abram (Abraham)
patriarch of Jews, Christians, and Muslims. The Lord renamed…
Adonai (Hebrew)
term for "Lord" spoken out loud in places where YHVH appears…
63 terms
Living World Religions Terms
Ablution
Agnostic
Allegorical
Amulet
A ceremonial washing of the body or of objects.
In common usage, synonym for skeptic.
A method of interpretation that finds hidden or coded meaning…
An object believed to possess special protective powers, ofte…
Ablution
A ceremonial washing of the body or of objects.
Agnostic
In common usage, synonym for skeptic.
109 terms
Living World Religions Final
When Young and others say that we shou…
The Torah, the Prophets, and the Writi…
Who was captured early in the revolt a…
The word gheta originally meant:
Phenomenological
Tanakh
Josephus
foundry
When Young and others say that we shou…
Phenomenological
The Torah, the Prophets, and the Writi…
Tanakh
83 terms
Living World Religions Quiz 2
The nickname of the Hasmoneans, a prie…
Often identified with an apocalyptic s…
A nonpriestly group whose concern abou…
The religious elite who controlled the…
Maccabees
Essenes
Pharisees
Sadducees
The nickname of the Hasmoneans, a prie…
Maccabees
Often identified with an apocalyptic s…
Essenes
46 terms
Living World Chinese Religions
What are the 4 main sources of Chinese…
Xia (Hsia) dynasty?
Shang dynasty?
Zhou (Chou) dynasty?
the ancient heritage, Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism
legendary dynasty of China that predates the Shang. Although…
earliest dynasty for which there is archaeological evidence.…
the longest lasting of Chinese dynasties, subdivided into Ear…
What are the 4 main sources of Chinese…
the ancient heritage, Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism
Xia (Hsia) dynasty?
legendary dynasty of China that predates the Shang. Although…
71 terms
Living World Religions - Hinduism
Om/Aum
The Cow
Divine images
Linga
Perhaps the most sacred syllable or utterance in Hinduism. It…
Symbol of fecundity and prosperity, the cow is venerated by H…
Hinduism abounds with images of deities whose extraordinary a…
Cylindrical stone effigy of male reproductive organ and symbo…
Om/Aum
Perhaps the most sacred syllable or utterance in Hinduism. It…
The Cow
Symbol of fecundity and prosperity, the cow is venerated by H…
77 terms
Living World Religions Quiz 3
Major Texts
Bible
Church History
The City of God
...
Two collections: Hebrew Bible of Jews + New Christian writings
Eusebius, bishop of Caesarea; outlines first 300 years of Chr…
Augustine during fall of Roman empire; outline view of church…
Major Texts
...
Bible
Two collections: Hebrew Bible of Jews + New Christian writings
80 terms
Living World Religions Quiz 1
Have root of religious perspective in…
List 3 Main Western Religions
Based on religion of ancient Hebrews a…
Reform movement growing out of Judaism…
Western Religions
Christianity, Islam, Judaism
Judaism
Christianity
Have root of religious perspective in…
Western Religions
List 3 Main Western Religions
Christianity, Islam, Judaism
6 terms
Living World Religions
Ganesha
Monotheism
Polytheism
Atheism
The remover of obsticles (the hindu god with an elephant head)
The belief that there is only one God
The belief that there are many gods
The belief that God doesn't exist
Ganesha
The remover of obsticles (the hindu god with an elephant head)
Monotheism
The belief that there is only one God
26 terms
Living World Religions - Jainism
Purvas
Agamas
Anga Bahya
Kalpasutra
A collection of fourteen texts constituting the earliest teac…
The principal scriptural collection of the Shvetambaras, comp…
Subsidiary texts including works on monastic law. The Digamba…
A Jain text, deriving from the anga bahya collection, compose…
Purvas
A collection of fourteen texts constituting the earliest teac…
Agamas
The principal scriptural collection of the Shvetambaras, comp…
61 terms
Living World Religions - Buddhism
The Thirty-Two Major Signs
Earth-Touching Posture
Setting in Motion the Wheel of the Dha…
Meditation (dhyana) posture
These were likely derived from preexisting notions of auspici…
In these images, the Buddha is seated cross-legged with his l…
In this mudra, the Buddha's index finger and thumb of each ha…
In this posture, the Buddha is generally seated cross-legged…
The Thirty-Two Major Signs
These were likely derived from preexisting notions of auspici…
Earth-Touching Posture
In these images, the Buddha is seated cross-legged with his l…
26 terms
Living World Religions - Jainism
Purvas
Agamas
Anga Bahya
Kalpasutra
A collection of fourteen texts constituting the earliest teac…
The principal scriptural collection of the Shvetambaras, comp…
Subsidiary texts including works on monastic law. The Digamba…
A Jain text, deriving from the anga bahya collection, compose…
Purvas
A collection of fourteen texts constituting the earliest teac…
Agamas
The principal scriptural collection of the Shvetambaras, comp…
55 terms
Living World Religions Buddhism
Sramana
Nikaya
Mahayana
Dharma
Wandering ascetic
Theravada Buddhist tradition or any of about 18 early Buddhis…
Northern Buddhism; culturally progressive branch of Buddhism…
Duty; represents law of the universe that upholds or maintain…
Sramana
Wandering ascetic
Nikaya
Theravada Buddhist tradition or any of about 18 early Buddhis…
46 terms
Living World Religions Islam
pbuh
Arab
Muslim
Allah
letters standing for "peace be upon him" that Muslims write a…
nomadic Bedouin tribes of Arabia and their descendants; peopl…
one who "surrenders" (to Allah's will). A person of the Islam…
primary name for God in Islam
pbuh
letters standing for "peace be upon him" that Muslims write a…
Arab
nomadic Bedouin tribes of Arabia and their descendants; peopl…
31 terms
Living World Religions Jainism
Founder
Titles
Location
Primary Texts
Vardhamana, who is better known as Mahavira (599-527 BCE or l…
Tirthankara (Ford [Path] Maker); the Jina; Mahavira is consid…
Mainly northern India
Purvas and Agamas
Founder
Vardhamana, who is better known as Mahavira (599-527 BCE or l…
Titles
Tirthankara (Ford [Path] Maker); the Jina; Mahavira is consid…
80 terms
Living World Religions - Islam
Mecca
Medina
Jerusalem
Karbala
Pre-Islamic center of trade and religion for Arabs, which Muh…
(Originally Yathrib) renamed to honor Muhammad who establishe…
third-most holy city of Islam; Dome of the Rock where Abraham…
"cube"; cube-shaped building in Mecca, rebuilt several times;…
Mecca
Pre-Islamic center of trade and religion for Arabs, which Muh…
Medina
(Originally Yathrib) renamed to honor Muhammad who establishe…
64 terms
Living World Religions - Christianity
Bible
Church History
The City of God
Summa Theologica
two collections in one: the Hebrew Bible of the Jews and new…
the work of Eusebius, bishop of Caesarea written as the Roman…
written by Augustine as the Roman Empire was beginning to fal…
the massive work of Thomas Aquinas and a high point in mediev…
Bible
two collections in one: the Hebrew Bible of the Jews and new…
Church History
the work of Eusebius, bishop of Caesarea written as the Roman…
71 terms
Sikhism Living world religions
Founder
Area of India that Nanak initially set…
Primary Text
meaning of Adi Granth
Nanak
Punjab
Adi Granth
First Book
Founder
Nanak
Area of India that Nanak initially set…
Punjab
30 terms
Living World Religions
Judaism
Christianity
Islam
Hinduism
500s BCE Based on the religion of the the ancient Hebrews and…
A reform movement to growing out of Judaism in the first cent…
A reform movement in the Arabian Peninsula in the 600s CE wit…
A generic term for an array of religions native to India that…
Judaism
500s BCE Based on the religion of the the ancient Hebrews and…
Christianity
A reform movement to growing out of Judaism in the first cent…
14 terms
Invitation to Living World Religions
Henotheism
Pantheism
Revelation
Atheism
Religion of many gods with one having a higher status
Belief that the divine reality is identical to nature of the…
Expression of divine will, commonly recorded in sacred texts
The belief that there is no God or gods
Henotheism
Religion of many gods with one having a higher status
Pantheism
Belief that the divine reality is identical to nature of the…
34 terms
Living World Religions
What is empirical pluralism?
What is cherished pluralism?
What is philosophical pluralism?
What is the typical story line?
the fact of diversity
the good things about diversity
the idea that all belief systems are equally valid
a) Humans sensed MANA (a spiritual force in the world) and de…
What is empirical pluralism?
the fact of diversity
What is cherished pluralism?
the good things about diversity
20 terms
Living World Religions-Sikhism
founder of Jainism
origin story of Jainism is similar to…
Mahavira became known as what after he…
"Jains" literally means what?
Mahavira
Buddhism
jina (conqueror)
followers of the conqueror
founder of Jainism
Mahavira
origin story of Jainism is similar to…
Buddhism
42 terms
Living World Religions Quiz
32 different signs
Earth-touching posture
setting in motion the wheel of dharma
meditation (dhyana) posture)
Buddha postures
right hand reaching down to earth
Buddh'as index fingers and thumbs touch at the tips to form t…
Hands in lap, palms facing upward
32 different signs
Buddha postures
Earth-touching posture
right hand reaching down to earth
29 terms
Living World Religions Final
Psychological definition of religion
Sociological definition of religion
Biological definition of religion
Steps in "evolution of religion"
people invented religion to fulfill their emotional needs
people invented religion for the sake of social cohesion
Assumes people move from low to high religion, the evolution…
Mana-a spiritual force designed the magic needed to manipulat…
Psychological definition of religion
people invented religion to fulfill their emotional needs
Sociological definition of religion
people invented religion for the sake of social cohesion
121 terms
Living Religions of the World Final
Ashkenazim
Zaddik
Yiddish
Torah
Jews of northern and eastern Europe
"Righteous Person', a title conveying the Hasidic ideal for a…
The language spoken by many central and eastern European Jews…
A word meaning 'teaching' or 'instruction'; applied most spec…
Ashkenazim
Jews of northern and eastern Europe
Zaddik
"Righteous Person', a title conveying the Hasidic ideal for a…
173 terms
Living World Religions final
When Young (and others) say that we sh…
The Torah, the Prophets, and the Writi…
Who was captured early in the revolt a…
The word "gheta" originally meant:
phenomenological
Tanakh
Josephus
foundry
When Young (and others) say that we sh…
phenomenological
The Torah, the Prophets, and the Writi…
Tanakh
113 terms
Living Religions of the World Final
Ashkenazim
Zaddik
Yiddish
Torah
Jews of northern and eastern Europe
"Righteous Person', a title conveying the Hasidic ideal for a…
The language spoken by many central and eastern European Jews…
A word meaning 'teaching' or 'instruction'; applied most spec…
Ashkenazim
Jews of northern and eastern Europe
Zaddik
"Righteous Person', a title conveying the Hasidic ideal for a…
91 terms
Living World Religions Exam 1
Paul's response to Athenians
"Is 'our God' listening to the prayers…
Preliminary questions
What is religion?
-respectful... -informed... -persuasive tone
1. all religions are true... 2. all religions are false... 3. one r…
1. What is religion?... 2. Is any religion really true?... 3. Where…
-we all know what we're talking about even if we can't define…
Paul's response to Athenians
-respectful... -informed... -persuasive tone
"Is 'our God' listening to the prayers…
1. all religions are true... 2. all religions are false... 3. one r…
17 terms
Living World Religions Exam 2
Ra's as-sanah
Ashura
Mawlid an-Nabi
Lailat al-Mi'raaj
Islamic New Year
Sunnis- Sunnah... Shiites- serious mourning
Prophet's birthday
The Night Journey
Ra's as-sanah
Islamic New Year
Ashura
Sunnis- Sunnah... Shiites- serious mourning
19 terms
Living World Final - Chinese Religion
Chou (Zhou) Dynasty
Shang-ti
I Ching
Lao-zi
Longest dynasty in the history of China (1120-221 BC). Consid…
Supreme God or "Heaven". Originally was a being but eventuall…
"Book of Changes". most famous of the five classics, a divine…
Founder of Taoism, said to be contemporary with Buddha and so…
Chou (Zhou) Dynasty
Longest dynasty in the history of China (1120-221 BC). Consid…
Shang-ti
Supreme God or "Heaven". Originally was a being but eventuall…
59 terms
Living World Religions Test 1
The story line of religion
Mana
Animism
Polytheism
mana > animism > polytheism > henotheism > monotheism > secul…
Humans sensed mana (a spiritual force in the world) and desig…
personifying spiritual forces as ancestors.
Then, elevated departed spirits to god-like status and person…
The story line of religion
mana > animism > polytheism > henotheism > monotheism > secul…
Mana
Humans sensed mana (a spiritual force in the world) and desig…
21 terms
Living World Religions: Test 2
Foundational Hindu Scriptures
Puja
Three types of puja:
Strict separation from the world, comp…
Vedas
"sacrifice" to the gods
-scheduled daily services... -routine individual sacrifices... -sac…
Brahman
Foundational Hindu Scriptures
Vedas
Puja
"sacrifice" to the gods
55 terms
Living World Religions Test 2
There are at least ___ nations with Mu…
There are over ________ Muslims in the…
Only ___ percent of the world's Muslim…
Arabic is the ___ most likely spoken l…
50
1.5 billion
20
6th
There are at least ___ nations with Mu…
50
There are over ________ Muslims in the…
1.5 billion
42 terms
Living World Religions Test 3
Siddhartha Gautama three names
Maya
Asita
Four sights
Buddha, Sakyamuni, Tathagata
Buddha's mother, Died 7 days after birth
prophet who told the king that when Siddhartha was a boy he w…
sick man, old man, crippled man, ascetic
Siddhartha Gautama three names
Buddha, Sakyamuni, Tathagata
Maya
Buddha's mother, Died 7 days after birth
74 terms
Living World Religions Test 3
Who is the founder of Buddhism?
What is Siddhartha Gautama also known…
Why did Siddhartha not leave his home…
Where did Siddhartha live while growin…
Siddhartha Gautama
-the Buddha or 'enlightened one'... -Sakyamuni (head of the Saky…
His father didn't want him to see the outside world. He wante…
Benares, India
Who is the founder of Buddhism?
Siddhartha Gautama
What is Siddhartha Gautama also known…
-the Buddha or 'enlightened one'... -Sakyamuni (head of the Saky…
27 terms
Living World Religion Hinduism
rsi
deva
Brahman
aum
seer. In Hinduism tradition, sages to whom words (hymns) of t…
shining one; general term for a god of the ancient vedic trad…
the ultimate principal of Hindu tradition, thought of as the…
the all-encompasing sound of the universe
rsi
seer. In Hinduism tradition, sages to whom words (hymns) of t…
deva
shining one; general term for a god of the ancient vedic trad…
137 terms
Living Religions of the World Midterm Terms
Darshana
Guru
Mantra
Jnana
When Hindus go on a pilgrimage// visit a templ
A spiritual teacher
An expression of one or more syllables, chanted repeatedly as…
Knowledge; along with action and devotion, one of the three a…
Darshana
When Hindus go on a pilgrimage// visit a templ
Guru
A spiritual teacher
83 terms
Living World Religions Quiz 4
Places
Mecca
Medina
Jerusalem
...
The pre-Islamic center of trade and religion for Arabs, which…
Originally called Yathrib;... renamed Medina to honor Muhammad;…
Third most holy city of Islam. Dome of the Rock located here.
Places
...
Mecca
The pre-Islamic center of trade and religion for Arabs, which…
82 terms
Living World Religions Test 2
Background of Islam Biblical
Background of Islam Politcal
Background of Islam Religious
What is significant about the backgrou…
Abraham has 2 sons. 1st one is not from Sarah. His name is Is…
Peninsula occupied by mostly nomadic tribes. No political org…
Much idolatry and animism. Mecca, a religious center, Economy…
There was an obvious political and religious void among Arabs…
Background of Islam Biblical
Abraham has 2 sons. 1st one is not from Sarah. His name is Is…
Background of Islam Politcal
Peninsula occupied by mostly nomadic tribes. No political org…
72 terms
Living World Religions test 2
How many nations in the world have Mus…
How many Muslims are in the world?
How many Muslims are Arabs?
What is the 6th most widely spoken lan…
50
1.5 billion
20%
Arabic
How many nations in the world have Mus…
50
How many Muslims are in the world?
1.5 billion
Living World Religions test 3
In which religion do adherents address…
The Buddhist Scriptures are known as
"What was the appearance of your face…
Who was believed to be reborn exactly…
Sikhism
Tripitaka
Zen
Dalai Lama
In which religion do adherents address…
Sikhism
The Buddhist Scriptures are known as
Tripitaka
30 terms
Living World Religions test 2
In what year (on Western calendars) wa…
What year on Western calendars corresp…
Whom do Shi'as consider to have been t…
Which Islamic group seized political p…
570 AD
622 AD
Ali
Taliban
In what year (on Western calendars) wa…
570 AD
What year on Western calendars corresp…
622 AD
125 terms
Living Religions of the World Exam 2
In early Christian churches, those peo…
Another group of people were ________.…
Many of these people later lived toget…
The head person of the Christian churc…
Church fathers
Ascetics
monasteries
the Pope; the Vatican; Rome
In early Christian churches, those peo…
Church fathers
Another group of people were ________.…
Ascetics
59 terms
Living World Religion Final
Psychological explanation for where re…
Sociological/Anthropological explanati…
Biological explanation for where relig…
Evolution of religion
people invented religion to fulfill their emotional needs
people invented religion for the sake of social cohesion
the evolution of religion
mana>animisim>polytheism>henotheism>monotheism> (maybe secula…
Psychological explanation for where re…
people invented religion to fulfill their emotional needs
Sociological/Anthropological explanati…
people invented religion for the sake of social cohesion
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