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Study sets matching "replication protein"

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Study sets matching "replication protein"

36 terms
DNA Replication and protein synthesis
transcription
translation
DNA
RNA
creating RNA from DNA
creating protein from RNA
double stranded; A,T,G,C
single stranded; A,U,G,C
transcription
creating RNA from DNA
translation
creating protein from RNA
30 terms
DNA, Replication, Protein Synthesis
nucleotide
nucleotide
double helix
DNA
monomer (individual subunit) of DNA and RNA
shape of DNA
nucleotide
nucleotide
monomer (individual subunit) of DNA and RNA
replication proteins
Helicase
single-strand binding protein
topoisomerase
primase
unwinds parental DNA helix at replication forks
stabilizes ssDNA until it can be used as a template (keeps fr…
relieves overwinding
synthesizes an RNA primer at the 5' end of leading strand at…
Helicase
unwinds parental DNA helix at replication forks
single-strand binding protein
stabilizes ssDNA until it can be used as a template (keeps fr…
48 terms
DNA, Replication, Protein Synthesis
nucleotide
mutation
amino acid
nitrogenous base
made of a phosphate group, a 5 carbon sugar, and a nitrogenou…
any change in the DNA sequence
a compound with an amino group on one end and a carboxyl grou…
adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine
nucleotide
made of a phosphate group, a 5 carbon sugar, and a nitrogenou…
mutation
any change in the DNA sequence
29 terms
DNA, Replication, Protein Synthesis
nucleotide
nucleotide
double helix
DNA
What is this a picture of?
monomer (individual subunit) of DNA and RNA
shape of DNA
nucleotide
What is this a picture of?
nucleotide
monomer (individual subunit) of DNA and RNA
11 terms
Replication Proteins
Polymerase Alpha / Primase
Polymerase Beta
Polymerase Gamma
Polymerase Epsilon
Commence Synthesis
Repair
Mitochondrial DNA Synthesis
Repair
Polymerase Alpha / Primase
Commence Synthesis
Polymerase Beta
Repair
7 terms
PROTEINS FOR REPLICATION
helicase
single stranded binding proteins
gyrase/topoisomerase
RNA primer
unzips DNA by breaking H bonds... -WERNER SYNDROME: patients age…
coat single strands so they don't reform
releases torsional stress so helicase can continue
inserted onto the lagging strand and serves as a starting poi…
helicase
unzips DNA by breaking H bonds... -WERNER SYNDROME: patients age…
single stranded binding proteins
coat single strands so they don't reform
30 terms
DNA, Replication, Protein Synthesis
nucleotide
nucleotide
double helix
DNA
monomer (individual subunit) of DNA and RNA
shape of DNA
nucleotide
nucleotide
monomer (individual subunit) of DNA and RNA
24 terms
DNA replication & protein synthesis
Nucleotide
Sugar-phosphate backbone
Double helix
Semiconservative model
Long chains (polymers) of chemical units (monomers) that each…
A repeating pattern of sugar-phosphate-sugar-phosphate
The presence of two strands
The model for DNA in which half of the parental molecule is m…
Nucleotide
Long chains (polymers) of chemical units (monomers) that each…
Sugar-phosphate backbone
A repeating pattern of sugar-phosphate-sugar-phosphate
12 terms
DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis
DNA Replication
Replication Fork
Watson and Crick
Type of bond between bases
The process of making identical copies of DNA before cell div…
The Y-shaped region that results when the two strands separate.
Figured out structure of DNA was a double helix.
Weak Hydrogen bonds
DNA Replication
The process of making identical copies of DNA before cell div…
Replication Fork
The Y-shaped region that results when the two strands separate.
19 terms
DNA replication & protein synthesis
nucleotide
DNA
DNA replication
cytosine
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
process of copying the DNA molecule
Nitrogen base that pairs with guanine.
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
12 terms
Proteins for Replication
DnaA ; ORC proteins
Gyrase ; Topoisomerase I/II
DnaB ; Mcm
DnaC ; Cdc6, Cdt1
Recognition of origin of replication
Relieves positive supercoils ahead of replication
DNA helicases that unwinds parental duplex
Loads helicase onto DNA
DnaA ; ORC proteins
Recognition of origin of replication
Gyrase ; Topoisomerase I/II
Relieves positive supercoils ahead of replication
18 terms
Proteins of replication
Helicase?
Primase?
Topoisomerase?
Single Strand binding proteins?
Seperates DNA, unwinds the two DNA strands
adds in RNA primer. Polymerase attaches to the primer
Cuts and resews the DNA strands to release pressure ahead of…
Keeps DNA strands from reforming during synthesis of DNA
Helicase?
Seperates DNA, unwinds the two DNA strands
Primase?
adds in RNA primer. Polymerase attaches to the primer
30 terms
DNA, Replication, Protein Synthesis
nucleotide
nucleotide
double helix
DNA
monomer (individual subunit) of DNA and RNA
shape of DNA
nucleotide
nucleotide
monomer (individual subunit) of DNA and RNA
13 terms
DNA replication/Protein Syn
S phase
nucleotide
deoxyribose, phosphate and a nitrogeno…
adenine and guanine
Phase of the cell cycle in which DNA is replicated
the monomer of nucleic acid
the three components of a nucleotide
the 2 purines or double-ring nucleotides
S phase
Phase of the cell cycle in which DNA is replicated
nucleotide
the monomer of nucleic acid
20 terms
DNA replication & protein synthesis
nucleotide
DNA
DNA replication
cytosine
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
process of copying the DNA molecule
Nitrogen base that pairs with guanine.
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
25 terms
DNA Replication & Protein Synthesis
DNA
Nucleotide
Nitrogenous Bases
DNA replication
Deoxyribonucleic acid; carries the genetic code
monomer of DNA or RNA composed of a phosphate group, sugar, a…
the parts of DNA and RNA that pair (A,T,C,G for DNA and A,U,C…
the process of making another copy of the genetic code by a s…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid; carries the genetic code
Nucleotide
monomer of DNA or RNA composed of a phosphate group, sugar, a…
22 terms
DNA Replication/Protein Synthesis
protein synthesis
DNA replication
S Phase
DNA helicase
the formation of proteins by using information contained in D…
DNA unzips into two parts and splits with the cell. In it's n…
The synthesis phase of the cell cycle; the portion of interph…
An enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix during DNA replic…
protein synthesis
the formation of proteins by using information contained in D…
DNA replication
DNA unzips into two parts and splits with the cell. In it's n…
20 terms
DNA replication & protein synthesis
nucleotide
DNA
DNA replication
cytosine
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
process of copying the DNA molecule
Nitrogen base that pairs with guanine.
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
24 terms
Replication and Protein Synthesis review
Nucleus
Ribosome
RNA polymerase
DNA helicase
1. The organelle that holds the DNA
2. the organelle that makes the protein
3. enzyme that puts RNA together
4. the enzyme that unzips the DNA
Nucleus
1. The organelle that holds the DNA
Ribosome
2. the organelle that makes the protein
13 terms
DNA Replication & Protein Synthesis
Nucleotide
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
Replication
Nitrogen Bases Pairing Rules
A monomer of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar covalentl…
The nucleic acid that stores genetic information for making p…
The process by which DNA is copied during the Synthesis phase…
In DNA, adenine complements thymine and guanine complements c…
Nucleotide
A monomer of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar covalentl…
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
The nucleic acid that stores genetic information for making p…
53 terms
DNA, Replication & Protein Synthesis
double helix
parts of a nucleotide
backbone
rungs
DNA forms in a _________
1. 5 carbon sugar: deoxyribose... 2. phosphate group... 3. 1 of 4 n…
sugar & phosphate are the ______ of the DNA "ladder"
Nitrogen bases are the ________ of the DNA "ladder"
double helix
DNA forms in a _________
parts of a nucleotide
1. 5 carbon sugar: deoxyribose... 2. phosphate group... 3. 1 of 4 n…
38 terms
DNA replication & protein synthesis
Bacteriophage
Nucleotide
Sugar-phosphate backbone
Polynucleotide
Bacterial viruses
Long chains (polymers) of chemical units (monomers) that each…
A repeating pattern of sugar-phosphate-sugar-phosphate
A polymer made up of many nucleotides covalently bonded toget…
Bacteriophage
Bacterial viruses
Nucleotide
Long chains (polymers) of chemical units (monomers) that each…
20 terms
DNA Replication & Protein Synthesis
DNA
Nucleotide
Nitrogenous Bases
DNA replication
Deoxyribonucleic acid; carries the genetic code
monomer of DNA or RNA composed of a phosphate group, sugar, a…
the parts of DNA and RNA that pair (A,T,C,G for DNA and A,U,C…
the process of making another copy of the genetic code by a s…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid; carries the genetic code
Nucleotide
monomer of DNA or RNA composed of a phosphate group, sugar, a…
34 terms
DNA Replication/Protein Synthesis
Amino Acid
Anticodon
base pairs
Chromosome
Monomer of Proteins
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
Any of the pairs formed between complimentary bases in the tw…
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
Amino Acid
Monomer of Proteins
Anticodon
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
DNA replication & protein synthesis
nucleotide
DNA
cytosine
guanine
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
Nitrogen base that pairs with guanine.
Nitrogen base that pairs with cytosine.
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
19 terms
DNA replication & protein synthesis
nucleotide
DNA
Where is DNA stored in the cell?
DNA replication
What is the monomer of DNA and RNA?
What are the instructions for life?
Nucleus
What is the process of copying the DNA molecule?
nucleotide
What is the monomer of DNA and RNA?
DNA
What are the instructions for life?
15 terms
Replication & Protein Synthesis
Amino Acid
Anticodon
Codon
DNA Replication
Building blocks of protein
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
a specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DN…
the process of making a copy of DNA
Amino Acid
Building blocks of protein
Anticodon
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
20 terms
DNA replication & protein synthesis
nucleotide
DNA
DNA replication
cytosine
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
process of copying the DNA molecule
Nitrogen base that pairs with guanine.
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis
DNA
RNA
Monomer of DNA and RNA
Shape of DNA
Store information on organism... Codes for building proteins
Ribonucleic acid, Single Stranded and contains uracil instead…
nucleotides
double helix
DNA
Store information on organism... Codes for building proteins
RNA
Ribonucleic acid, Single Stranded and contains uracil instead…
15 terms
Replication & Protein Synthesis
Amino Acid
Anticodon
Codon
DNA Replication
Building blocks of protein
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
a specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DN…
the process of making a copy of DNA
Amino Acid
Building blocks of protein
Anticodon
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
20 terms
DNA replication & protein synthesis
nucleotide
DNA
DNA replication
cytosine
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
process of copying the DNA molecule
Nitrogen base that pairs with guanine.
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
9 terms
Replication, Protein, & Gene Expression
Replication
-ase
Transcription
Translation
Process in which DNA is used to make more DNA
Suffix used to name enzymes
Process by which DNA is used to create RNA
Process by which RNA is used to make proteins
Replication
Process in which DNA is used to make more DNA
-ase
Suffix used to name enzymes
37 terms
DNA Replication & Protein Synthesis
Vaccine
Virulent
Transformation
Bacteriophage
A substance prepared from killed or weakened pathogens and in…
Describes a microorganism or virus that causes disease and th…
The transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
A virus that infects bacteria
Vaccine
A substance prepared from killed or weakened pathogens and in…
Virulent
Describes a microorganism or virus that causes disease and th…
59 terms
Replication and Protein Synthesis
Replication
when replication occurs
DNA polymerase
leading strand
makes a copy of DNA for every new cell made in mitosis
S phase
finds a match for every nitrogen base in DNA
strand copied continuously
Replication
makes a copy of DNA for every new cell made in mitosis
when replication occurs
S phase
23 terms
DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis
Explain why DNA replication is necessary
Define the term 'semi conservative rep…
Describe the process of DNA replicatio…
State the roles of the enzymes DNA pol…
DNA replication is the process by which a cell makes an ident…
DNA replication results in one old strand and one new strand…
- DNA helicase causes the two strands of the DNA to separate…
DNA helicase - enzyme that catalyses the unwinding and separa…
Explain why DNA replication is necessary
DNA replication is the process by which a cell makes an ident…
Define the term 'semi conservative rep…
DNA replication results in one old strand and one new strand…
39 terms
DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis
double helix
adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine
a t
c g
two strand of nucleotides twisted around each other and held…
four nitrogen bases
__ to __ with two hydrogen bonds
__ to __ with three hydrogen bonds
double helix
two strand of nucleotides twisted around each other and held…
adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine
four nitrogen bases
26 terms
DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis
DNA Ligase
DNA polymerase I
DNA polymerase II
Double Helix
A linking enzyme essential for DNA replication; catalyzes the…
An enzyme that catalyzes the elongation of new DNA at a repli…
An enzyme that catalyzes the elongation of new DNA at a repli…
The form of native DNA, referring to it's 2 adjacent polynucl…
DNA Ligase
A linking enzyme essential for DNA replication; catalyzes the…
DNA polymerase I
An enzyme that catalyzes the elongation of new DNA at a repli…
42 terms
DNA, Replication & Protein Synthesis
What is DNA made of?
What makes up a nucleotide
What are A and G called?... What are T a…
DNA Structure
Nucleotides
1. 5 Carbon sugar--> Deoxyribose (for DNA)... 2. Phosphate group…
A and G =Purines... T and C= Pyrimidines
-There are two ends to each strand: 3' end (OH group) and 5'…
What is DNA made of?
Nucleotides
What makes up a nucleotide
1. 5 Carbon sugar--> Deoxyribose (for DNA)... 2. Phosphate group…
20 terms
DNA Replication & Protein Synthesis
DNA
RNA
double helix
nucleosome
Deoxyribonucleic acid, the material that contains the informa…
Ribonucleic Acid, single stranded, has A, U (instead of T), C…
2 strands of DNA twisted
A eukaryotic structural unit of chromatin that consists of DN…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid, the material that contains the informa…
RNA
Ribonucleic Acid, single stranded, has A, U (instead of T), C…
18 terms
DNA Replication & Protein Synthesis
double helix
nucleotides
3 parts of a nucleotide
4 nitrogenous bases
spiral shaped, ladder-like structure of DNA
molecules that are the building blocks of DNA
phosphate, sugar (deoxyribose in DNA, ribose in RNA), nitroge…
adenine and thymine; cytosine and guanine
double helix
spiral shaped, ladder-like structure of DNA
nucleotides
molecules that are the building blocks of DNA
17 terms
Protein synthesis/DNA replication
RNA
two stages of protein synthesis
step where DNA is transformed into mRNA
step where a ribosome reads the mRNA s…
Ribose... Nucleic... Acid
Transcription/Translation
transcription
translation
RNA
Ribose... Nucleic... Acid
two stages of protein synthesis
Transcription/Translation
19 terms
DNA replication & protein synthesis
nucleotide
DNA
DNA replication
cytosine
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
process of copying the DNA molecule
Nitrogen base that pairs with guanine.
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
26 terms
DNA Replication & Protein Synthesis
deoxyribonucleic acid
nucleotide
nitrogenous base
semi-conservative model of replication
macromolecule containing the genetic information that makes u…
building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar cova…
part of a nucleotide; cytosine, guanine, adenine, thymine (DN…
the DNA double helix molecules in the daughter cell consist o…
deoxyribonucleic acid
macromolecule containing the genetic information that makes u…
nucleotide
building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar cova…
12 terms
Dna Replication and Protein Synthesis
DNA REPLICATION
STAGE 1:
STAGE 2:
STAGE 3:
Process by which a cell makes an identical copy of it's DNA…
Initiation;... double helix structure is unwound by the special…
Elongation;... Special molecule adds complementary DNA nucleotid…
Termination;... Nitrogen bases are bonded together by hydrogen b…
DNA REPLICATION
Process by which a cell makes an identical copy of it's DNA…
STAGE 1:
Initiation;... double helix structure is unwound by the special…
48 terms
DNA Replication/Protein Synthesis
DNA replication
mutation
recombinant DNA
DNA helicase
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
A change in DNA that can aid the organism in survival or limi…
DNA that has been formed artificially by combining constituen…
An enzyme that unwinds the double helix of DNA and separates…
DNA replication
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
mutation
A change in DNA that can aid the organism in survival or limi…
23 terms
DNA Replication / Protein Synthesis
Chromosomal Mutation
Deletion
Duplication
Inversion
Change of the Chromosomes
loss of a segment of chromosomes
segment of chromosome that is duplicated
segment of chromosome breaks off and attaches in reverse order
Chromosomal Mutation
Change of the Chromosomes
Deletion
loss of a segment of chromosomes
20 terms
DNA replication & protein synthesis
nucleotide
DNA
DNA replication
cytosine
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
process of copying the DNA molecule
Nitrogen base that pairs with guanine.
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
8 terms
DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis
DNA replication
semi conservative model
protein synthesis
transcription
the process of making a copy of DNA
When the outcome shows new DNA double helix - made up of one…
process of making proteins
DNA to mRNA
DNA replication
the process of making a copy of DNA
semi conservative model
When the outcome shows new DNA double helix - made up of one…
46 terms
DNA, Replication & Protein Synthesis
What does DNA form and who discovered…
What is DNA made of?
What makes up a nucleotide
What do nucleotides form?
-Double Helix... -Watson and Crick
Nucleotides
1. 5 Carbon sugar--> Deoxyribose (for DNA)... 2. Phosphate group…
-Long chains... ---Sugar & Phosphate- "Backbone" or "Sides"... ---N…
What does DNA form and who discovered…
-Double Helix... -Watson and Crick
What is DNA made of?
Nucleotides
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