Study sets matching "replication protein"

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Study sets matching "replication protein"

30 terms
DNA, Replication, Protein Synthesis
nucleotide
nucleotide
double helix
DNA
monomer (individual subunit) of DNA and RNA
shape of DNA
nucleotide
nucleotide
monomer (individual subunit) of DNA and RNA
48 terms
DNA Replication/Protein Synthesis
DNA replication
mutation
recombinant DNA
DNA helicase
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
A change in DNA that can aid the organism in survival or limi…
DNA that has been formed artificially by combining constituen…
An enzyme that unwinds the double helix of DNA and separates…
DNA replication
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
mutation
A change in DNA that can aid the organism in survival or limi…
DNA Replication and protein synthesis
transcription
translation
DNA
RNA
creating RNA from DNA
creating protein from RNA
double stranded; A,T,G,C
single stranded; A,U,G,C
transcription
creating RNA from DNA
translation
creating protein from RNA
Replication proteins
Helicase
Singe stranded binding protein
Topoisomerase
Primase
Unwinds parental double helix at replication forks
Binds and stabilises single stranded dna until it is used as…
Relieves overwinding strain ahead of replication forks by bre…
Synthesises an rna primer at 5' end of leading strand and 5'…
Helicase
Unwinds parental double helix at replication forks
Singe stranded binding protein
Binds and stabilises single stranded dna until it is used as…
13 terms
DNA replication/Protein Syn
S phase
nucleotide
deoxyribose, phosphate and a nitrogeno…
adenine and guanine
Phase of the cell cycle in which DNA is replicated
the monomer of nucleic acid
the three components of a nucleotide
the 2 purines or double-ring nucleotides
S phase
Phase of the cell cycle in which DNA is replicated
nucleotide
the monomer of nucleic acid
DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis
DNA
RNA
Monomer of DNA and RNA
Shape of DNA
Store information on organism... Codes for building proteins
Ribonucleic acid, Single Stranded and contains uracil instead…
nucleotides
double helix
DNA
Store information on organism... Codes for building proteins
RNA
Ribonucleic acid, Single Stranded and contains uracil instead…
39 terms
DNA replication & protein synthesis
nucleotide
DNA
DNA replication
cytosine
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
process of copying the DNA molecule
Nitrogen base that pairs with guanine.
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
DNA, Replication, Protein Synthesis
nucleotide
mutation
amino acid
nitrogenous base
made of a phosphate group, a 5 carbon sugar, and a nitrogenou…
any change in the DNA sequence
a compound with an amino group on one end and a carboxyl grou…
adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine
nucleotide
made of a phosphate group, a 5 carbon sugar, and a nitrogenou…
mutation
any change in the DNA sequence
DNA, Replication, Protein Synthesis
nucleotide
nucleotide
double helix
DNA
monomer (individual subunit) of DNA and RNA
shape of DNA
nucleotide
nucleotide
monomer (individual subunit) of DNA and RNA
Replication Proteins
Polymerase Alpha / Primase
Polymerase Beta
Polymerase Gamma
Polymerase Epsilon
Commence Synthesis
Repair
Mitochondrial DNA Synthesis
Repair
Polymerase Alpha / Primase
Commence Synthesis
Polymerase Beta
Repair
12 terms
Proteins for Replication
DnaA ; ORC proteins
Gyrase ; Topoisomerase I/II
DnaB ; Mcm
DnaC ; Cdc6, Cdt1
Recognition of origin of replication
Relieves positive supercoils ahead of replication
DNA helicases that unwinds parental duplex
Loads helicase onto DNA
DnaA ; ORC proteins
Recognition of origin of replication
Gyrase ; Topoisomerase I/II
Relieves positive supercoils ahead of replication
20 terms
DNA replication & protein synthesis
nucleotide
DNA
DNA replication
cytosine
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
process of copying the DNA molecule
Nitrogen base that pairs with guanine.
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
DNA replication & protein synthesis
nucleotide
DNA
DNA replication
cytosine
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
process of copying the DNA molecule
Nitrogen base that pairs with guanine.
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
29 terms
DNA, Replication, Protein Synthesis
nucleotide
nucleotide
double helix
DNA
What is this a picture of?
monomer (individual subunit) of DNA and RNA
shape of DNA
nucleotide
What is this a picture of?
nucleotide
monomer (individual subunit) of DNA and RNA
replication proteins
Helicase
single-strand binding protein
topoisomerase
primase
unwinds parental DNA helix at replication forks
stabilizes ssDNA until it can be used as a template (keeps fr…
relieves overwinding
synthesizes an RNA primer at the 5' end of leading strand at…
Helicase
unwinds parental DNA helix at replication forks
single-strand binding protein
stabilizes ssDNA until it can be used as a template (keeps fr…
PROTEINS FOR REPLICATION
helicase
single stranded binding proteins
gyrase/topoisomerase
RNA primer
unzips DNA by breaking H bonds... -WERNER SYNDROME: patients age…
coat single strands so they don't reform
releases torsional stress so helicase can continue
inserted onto the lagging strand and serves as a starting poi…
helicase
unzips DNA by breaking H bonds... -WERNER SYNDROME: patients age…
single stranded binding proteins
coat single strands so they don't reform
18 terms
Proteins of replication
Helicase?
Primase?
Topoisomerase?
Single Strand binding proteins?
Seperates DNA, unwinds the two DNA strands
adds in RNA primer. Polymerase attaches to the primer
Cuts and resews the DNA strands to release pressure ahead of…
Keeps DNA strands from reforming during synthesis of DNA
Helicase?
Seperates DNA, unwinds the two DNA strands
Primase?
adds in RNA primer. Polymerase attaches to the primer
30 terms
DNA, Replication, Protein Synthesis
nucleotide
nucleotide
double helix
DNA
monomer (individual subunit) of DNA and RNA
shape of DNA
nucleotide
nucleotide
monomer (individual subunit) of DNA and RNA
30 terms
DNA, Replication, Protein Synthesis
nucleotide
nucleotide
double helix
DNA
monomer (individual subunit) of DNA and RNA
shape of DNA
nucleotide
nucleotide
monomer (individual subunit) of DNA and RNA
22 terms
Proteins for Replication
DnaA
ORC
Gyrase
Topoisomerase II
Pro- ORI recognition
Euk- ORI recognition
Pro-Removal positive supercoils
Euk-Removal positive supercoils
DnaA
Pro- ORI recognition
ORC
Euk- ORI recognition
DNA replication & protein synthesis
Nucleotide
Sugar-phosphate backbone
Double helix
Semiconservative model
Long chains (polymers) of chemical units (monomers) that each…
A repeating pattern of sugar-phosphate-sugar-phosphate
The presence of two strands
The model for DNA in which half of the parental molecule is m…
Nucleotide
Long chains (polymers) of chemical units (monomers) that each…
Sugar-phosphate backbone
A repeating pattern of sugar-phosphate-sugar-phosphate
DNA replication & protein synthesis
nucleotide
DNA
DNA replication
cytosine
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
process of copying the DNA molecule
Nitrogen base that pairs with guanine.
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis
DNA Replication
Replication Fork
Watson and Crick
Type of bond between bases
The process of making identical copies of DNA before cell div…
The Y-shaped region that results when the two strands separate.
Figured out structure of DNA was a double helix.
Weak Hydrogen bonds
DNA Replication
The process of making identical copies of DNA before cell div…
Replication Fork
The Y-shaped region that results when the two strands separate.
Replication proteins
Helicase
Single-strand binding protein
Topoisomerase
Primase
Unwinds parental double helix at replication forks
Binds to and stabilizes single-stranded DNA until it is used…
Relieves over-winding strain ahead of replication forks be br…
Synthesizes an RNA primer at 5' end of leading strand and at…
Helicase
Unwinds parental double helix at replication forks
Single-strand binding protein
Binds to and stabilizes single-stranded DNA until it is used…
DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis
Ribosome
DNA
Nucleotide
RNA
Translation occurs here, which makes proteins
A molecule that carries the genetic instructions used in grow…
A phosphate group, sugar and nitrogen base
A molecule that helps DNA send a message for how to make prot…
Ribosome
Translation occurs here, which makes proteins
DNA
A molecule that carries the genetic instructions used in grow…
DNA Replication & Protein Synthesis
DNA
Nucleotide
Nitrogenous Bases
DNA replication
Deoxyribonucleic acid; carries the genetic code
monomer of DNA or RNA composed of a phosphate group, sugar, a…
the parts of DNA and RNA that pair (A,T,C,G for DNA and A,U,C…
the process of making another copy of the genetic code by a s…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid; carries the genetic code
Nucleotide
monomer of DNA or RNA composed of a phosphate group, sugar, a…
21 terms
DNA Replication & Protein Synthesis
DNA polymerase
transcription
introns
extrons
moves in and speeds up the production of DNA nucleotides (sou…
DNA segments produce complimentary RNA molecules
discarded portion of mRNA
final mRNA segments that move out of the nucleus
DNA polymerase
moves in and speeds up the production of DNA nucleotides (sou…
transcription
DNA segments produce complimentary RNA molecules
DNA replication & protein synthesis
nucleotide
DNA
Where is DNA stored in the cell?
DNA replication
What is the monomer of DNA and RNA?
What are the instructions for life?
Nucleus
What is the process of copying the DNA molecule?
nucleotide
What is the monomer of DNA and RNA?
DNA
What are the instructions for life?
22 terms
DNA Replication/Protein Synthesis
protein synthesis
DNA replication
S Phase
DNA helicase
the formation of proteins by using information contained in D…
DNA unzips into two parts and splits with the cell. In it's n…
The synthesis phase of the cell cycle; the portion of interph…
An enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix during DNA replic…
protein synthesis
the formation of proteins by using information contained in D…
DNA replication
DNA unzips into two parts and splits with the cell. In it's n…
DNA replication & protein synthesis
nucleotide
DNA
DNA replication
cytosine
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
process of copying the DNA molecule
Nitrogen base that pairs with guanine.
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
DNA Replication/Protein Synthesis
DNA Replication Purpose
Semi-Conservative
Helicase
RNA Primase
Organism copies DNA when new cells are made... (Each new cell ne…
-New DNA molecules will each contain an original parent stran…
-DNA Replication enzyme... -Performs first step of replication... -…
-Step 2 of DNA replication... -Initiates replication of DNA at t…
DNA Replication Purpose
Organism copies DNA when new cells are made... (Each new cell ne…
Semi-Conservative
-New DNA molecules will each contain an original parent stran…
17 terms
DNA replication & protein synthesis
nucleotide
DNA
replication
cytosine
A (?) is made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and…
More commonly referred to as (?), deoxyribonucleic acid carri…
DNA (?) is the process of copying the DNA molecule
(?) is a nitrogen base that pairs with guanine.
nucleotide
A (?) is made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and…
DNA
More commonly referred to as (?), deoxyribonucleic acid carri…
39 terms
DNA Replication & Protein Synthesis
SEMICONSERVATIVE
Helicase
RNA Primase
RNA Primers
The new DNA molecules will each contain an original parent st…
Unwinds and unzips the double helix at one spot
Initiates DNA replication at the ORIGINS OF REPLICATION by ad…
short segments of RNA nucleotides
SEMICONSERVATIVE
The new DNA molecules will each contain an original parent st…
Helicase
Unwinds and unzips the double helix at one spot
DNA replication & protein synthesis
nucleotide
DNA
DNA replication
cytosine
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
process of copying the DNA molecule
Nitrogen base that pairs with guanine.
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
37 terms
DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis
DNA
RNA
Nucleotides
Nitrogenous Base
(biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of…
(biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in…
Basic units of DNA molecule, composed of a sugar, a phosphate…
an organic base that contains nitrogen, such as a purine or p…
DNA
(biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of…
RNA
(biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in…
DNA replication & protein synthesis
What is a Nucleotide?
What is DNA?
What is Cytosine?
What is Guanine?
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
Nitrogen base that pairs with guanine.
Nitrogen base that pairs with cytosine.
What is a Nucleotide?
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
What is DNA?
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
Replication and Protein Synthesis review
Nucleus
Ribosome
RNA polymerase
DNA helicase
1. The organelle that holds the DNA
2. the organelle that makes the protein
3. enzyme that puts RNA together
4. the enzyme that unzips the DNA
Nucleus
1. The organelle that holds the DNA
Ribosome
2. the organelle that makes the protein
DNA Replication & Protein Synthesis
Nucleotide
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
Replication
Nitrogen Bases Pairing Rules
A monomer of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar covalentl…
The nucleic acid that stores genetic information for making p…
The process by which DNA is copied during the Synthesis phase…
In DNA, adenine complements thymine and guanine complements c…
Nucleotide
A monomer of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar covalentl…
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
The nucleic acid that stores genetic information for making p…
31 terms
DNA Replication and Protein Production
Helicase
DNA Polymerase
Origin of Replication
Daughter Strands
Enzyme that unravels the DNA.
Enzyme that latches onto the split strands of DNA, copies it,…
Sights along the DNA strand that are used for replication pro…
Newly copied DNA that latches onto the original DNA strand.
Helicase
Enzyme that unravels the DNA.
DNA Polymerase
Enzyme that latches onto the split strands of DNA, copies it,…
53 terms
DNA, Replication & Protein Synthesis
double helix
parts of a nucleotide
backbone
rungs
DNA forms in a _________
1. 5 carbon sugar: deoxyribose... 2. phosphate group... 3. 1 of 4 n…
sugar & phosphate are the ______ of the DNA "ladder"
Nitrogen bases are the ________ of the DNA "ladder"
double helix
DNA forms in a _________
parts of a nucleotide
1. 5 carbon sugar: deoxyribose... 2. phosphate group... 3. 1 of 4 n…
38 terms
DNA replication & protein synthesis
Bacteriophage
Nucleotide
Sugar-phosphate backbone
Polynucleotide
Bacterial viruses
Long chains (polymers) of chemical units (monomers) that each…
A repeating pattern of sugar-phosphate-sugar-phosphate
A polymer made up of many nucleotides covalently bonded toget…
Bacteriophage
Bacterial viruses
Nucleotide
Long chains (polymers) of chemical units (monomers) that each…
DNA Replication & Protein Synthesis
DNA
Nucleotide
Nitrogenous Bases
DNA replication
Deoxyribonucleic acid; carries the genetic code
monomer of DNA or RNA composed of a phosphate group, sugar, a…
the parts of DNA and RNA that pair (A,T,C,G for DNA and A,U,C…
the process of making another copy of the genetic code by a s…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid; carries the genetic code
Nucleotide
monomer of DNA or RNA composed of a phosphate group, sugar, a…
20 terms
DNA Replication & Protein Synthesis
DNA
RNA
double helix
nucleosome
Deoxyribonucleic acid, the material that contains the informa…
Ribonucleic Acid, single stranded, has A, U (instead of T), C…
2 strands of DNA twisted
A eukaryotic structural unit of chromatin that consists of DN…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid, the material that contains the informa…
RNA
Ribonucleic Acid, single stranded, has A, U (instead of T), C…
DNA replication & protein synthesis
nucleotide
DNA
cytosine
guanine
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
Nitrogen base that pairs with guanine.
Nitrogen base that pairs with cytosine.
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
DNA replication & protein synthesis
nucleotide
DNA
DNA replication
cytosine
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
process of copying the DNA molecule
Nitrogen base that pairs with guanine.
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries info…
Protein synthesis/DNA replication
RNA
two stages of protein synthesis
step where DNA is transformed into mRNA
step where a ribosome reads the mRNA s…
Ribose... Nucleic... Acid
Transcription/Translation
transcription
translation
RNA
Ribose... Nucleic... Acid
two stages of protein synthesis
Transcription/Translation
18 terms
DNA Replication & Protein Synthesis
double helix
nucleotides
3 parts of a nucleotide
4 nitrogenous bases
spiral shaped, ladder-like structure of DNA
molecules that are the building blocks of DNA
phosphate, sugar (deoxyribose in DNA, ribose in RNA), nitroge…
adenine and thymine; cytosine and guanine
double helix
spiral shaped, ladder-like structure of DNA
nucleotides
molecules that are the building blocks of DNA
13 terms
DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis
DNA is made of
Shape of a DNA molecule
DNA is found in the
Process: When DNA is used to make mRNA
Nucleotide
double helix
nucleus
transcription
DNA is made of
Nucleotide
Shape of a DNA molecule
double helix
23 terms
DNA Replication / Protein Synthesis
Chromosomal Mutation
Deletion
Duplication
Inversion
Change of the Chromosomes
loss of a segment of chromosomes
segment of chromosome that is duplicated
segment of chromosome breaks off and attaches in reverse order
Chromosomal Mutation
Change of the Chromosomes
Deletion
loss of a segment of chromosomes
15 terms
Replication & Protein Synthesis
Amino Acid
Anticodon
Codon
DNA Replication
Building blocks of protein
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
a specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DN…
the process of making a copy of DNA
Amino Acid
Building blocks of protein
Anticodon
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
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