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Study sets matching "reproduction cells growth science"

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Study sets matching "reproduction cells growth science"

22 terms
Science: Growth and Reproduction and Cells
Unicelluar
Multicellular
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Single cell organism that can live by itself.
Group of cells that work together to do functions for an orga…
Plants only. Thick, tough barrier protects & supports cell.
Acts like a fence controlling substances into and out of cell…
Unicelluar
Single cell organism that can live by itself.
Multicellular
Group of cells that work together to do functions for an orga…
20 terms
CPO Life Science Growth and Cell Reproduction
What is 'cell division'?
What is a 'chromosome'
What is the 'cell cycle'?
What are the 3 stages of the cell cycle?
The process of one cell dividing into two daughter cells.
A structure made of DNA and protein in the nucleus of a eukar…
The period of time from the beginning of the one cell divisio…
Interphase, Mitosis, Cytokinesis
What is 'cell division'?
The process of one cell dividing into two daughter cells.
What is a 'chromosome'
A structure made of DNA and protein in the nucleus of a eukar…
32 terms
Science 9 - Chapter 2 Cell Growth and Reproduction
What does DNA stand for?
What does DNA do?
Why is cell division important?
What happens when cells grow?
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Carry instructions for cell division and determines the chara…
It continuously replaces dead or damaged cells. ... Three main f…
As cells grow, the volume if cytoplasm increases faster than…
What does DNA stand for?
Deoxyribonucleic acid
What does DNA do?
Carry instructions for cell division and determines the chara…
16 terms
Cell Growth, Division and Reproduction
Cell Divison
Interphase
Prophase
Cytokinesis
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
The first stage of cell division
the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis or m…
Cell Divison
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
Interphase
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
32 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
gametes
ovaries
testis
somatic
Cells that participate in sexual reproduction.
Site of meiosis in human females.
Site of meiosis in human males.
Cells of the body that are diploid; those that can be replace…
gametes
Cells that participate in sexual reproduction.
ovaries
Site of meiosis in human females.
29 terms
Cell Reproduction & Growth Vocabulary
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Double Helix
Deoxyribose
Genetic material of a cell
Monomer (building block) of a nucleic acid
The "twisted ladder" shape of a DNA molecule
The sugar part of a DNA nucleotide
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Genetic material of a cell
Nucleotide
Monomer (building block) of a nucleic acid
49 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
deoxyribonucelic acid (DNA)
gene
chromosomes
allele
A biological macromolecule that encodes the genetic informati…
A sequence of nucleotides composing a segment of DNA that pro…
A one long piece of DNA found in the nucleus of eukaryotic ce…
A variation of a gene's nucleotide sequence (an alternative f…
deoxyribonucelic acid (DNA)
A biological macromolecule that encodes the genetic informati…
gene
A sequence of nucleotides composing a segment of DNA that pro…
28 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction Test
DNA
Sugar-phosphate backbone
4 Nitrogen bases in DNA
DNA's overall shape
is the genetic code which holds instructions for how to build…
The outside of the DNA double helix
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine
Double Helix
DNA
is the genetic code which holds instructions for how to build…
Sugar-phosphate backbone
The outside of the DNA double helix
26 terms
Cell Growth & Reproduction
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
centromere
repeated pattern of growth and division that occurs in eukary…
1st stage of the cell cycle where the cell grows and copies i…
2nd stage of the cell cycle where nuclear material is divided
center portion of a chromosome
cell cycle
repeated pattern of growth and division that occurs in eukary…
interphase
1st stage of the cell cycle where the cell grows and copies i…
29 terms
Cell Reproduction & Growth Vocabulary
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Double Helix
Deoxyribose
Genetic material of a cell
Monomer (building block) of a nucleic acid
The "twisted ladder" shape of a DNA molecule
The sugar part of a DNA nucleotide
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Genetic material of a cell
Nucleotide
Monomer (building block) of a nucleic acid
83 terms
Science Chapter 2 Cell Growth and Reproduction
How are damaged cells replaced?
What are the three main functions of c…
What are all living things composed of?
What are examples of multicellular org…
By cell division
Growth, repair, and reproduction
One or more cells
Human, dogwood tree
How are damaged cells replaced?
By cell division
What are the three main functions of c…
Growth, repair, and reproduction
19 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
factors that limit cell size
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
-diffusion (fast over short distances, slow over long distanc…
the process by which new cells are produced from one cell
production of genetically identical offspring from a single p…
involves the fusion of two separate parent cells, offspring i…
factors that limit cell size
-diffusion (fast over short distances, slow over long distanc…
cell division
the process by which new cells are produced from one cell
27 terms
Cells-Growth and Reproduction (Keystone)
Active transport
Carrier (transport) proteins
Cell
Cell Cycle
Movement of molecules from low to high concentration. Require…
Proteins used to move large materials across the membrane.
Basic unit of life.
Process of making daughter cells- the cell grows and divides.
Active transport
Movement of molecules from low to high concentration. Require…
Carrier (transport) proteins
Proteins used to move large materials across the membrane.
10 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
cell cycle
mitosis
meiosis
interphase
the life of a cell
a cell divides into two cells with the same genetic material…
a cell divides into multiple cells with half the chromosomes…
the time between cell divisions
cell cycle
the life of a cell
mitosis
a cell divides into two cells with the same genetic material…
83 terms
Science Chapter 2 Cell Growth and Reproduction
How are damaged cells replaced?
What are the three main functions of c…
What are all living things composed of?
What are examples of multicellular org…
By cell division
Growth, repair, and reproduction
One or more cells
Human, dogwood tree
How are damaged cells replaced?
By cell division
What are the three main functions of c…
Growth, repair, and reproduction
35 terms
Cell Growth, Division and Reproduction
Cell Divison
Interphase
Prophase
Cytokinesis
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
The first stage of cell division
the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis or m…
Cell Divison
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
Interphase
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
25 terms
Growth And Cell Reproduction
Cell Division
Chromosome
Cell Cycle
Interphase
The process of one cell dividing into two daughter cells
Tightly coiled DNA and proteins that have a unique "x" shape…
The period of time from the beginning of one cell division to…
During _____, the cell grows and replicates both its organell…
Cell Division
The process of one cell dividing into two daughter cells
Chromosome
Tightly coiled DNA and proteins that have a unique "x" shape…
16 terms
cell growth and reproduction
chromosome
chromatin
cell cycle
interphase
A threadlike linear strand of DNA and associated proteins in…
Complex of DNA and proteins hat makes up eukaryotic chromosom…
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
chromosome
A threadlike linear strand of DNA and associated proteins in…
chromatin
Complex of DNA and proteins hat makes up eukaryotic chromosom…
35 terms
Cell Growth, Division and Reproduction
Cell Divison
Interphase
Prophase
Cytokinesis
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
The first stage of cell division
the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis or m…
Cell Divison
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
Interphase
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
Science 9: Chapter 2 Cell Growth and Reproduction Terms
Nuclear Membrane
DNA
Nucleolus
Centrioles
Surrounds the nucleus and allows certain materials to into an…
A long molecule that provides instructions for making, runnin…
An organelle in the nucleus of a cell that produces and assem…
Organelles made of special microtubules; they are active duri…
Nuclear Membrane
Surrounds the nucleus and allows certain materials to into an…
DNA
A long molecule that provides instructions for making, runnin…
17 terms
Cell growth and reproduction
chromosome
Chromatin
Cell cycle
Interphase
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
DNA and protein that makes up chromosomes
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
A period of time in between mitosis or meiosis, during which…
chromosome
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
Chromatin
DNA and protein that makes up chromosomes
16 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Cell division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
One of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
Cell division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Mitosis
Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
36 terms
Science 9: Chapter 2 Cell Growth and Reproduction Terms
Nuclear Membrane
DNA
Nucleolus
Centrioles
Surrounds the nucleus and allows certain materials to into an…
A long molecule that provides instructions for making, runnin…
An organelle in the nucleus of a cell that produces and assem…
Organelles made of special microtubules; they are active duri…
Nuclear Membrane
Surrounds the nucleus and allows certain materials to into an…
DNA
A long molecule that provides instructions for making, runnin…
17 terms
Cell growth and reproduction
Chromosome
Chromatin
Cell cycle
Interphase
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
Clusters of DNA, RNA, and proteins in the nucleus of a cell
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Chromosome
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
Chromatin
Clusters of DNA, RNA, and proteins in the nucleus of a cell
27 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
A period between two mitotic or meiotic divisions during whic…
Cell division
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
interphase
A period between two mitotic or meiotic divisions during whic…
27 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
A period between two mitotic or meiotic divisions during whic…
Cell division
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
interphase
A period between two mitotic or meiotic divisions during whic…
27 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Sugar (deoxyribose) ... Phosphate groups…
Adenine... Guanine... Thymine... Cytosine
Nucleotide
What does DNA stand for?
The Chemical components of DNA are:... -... -... -
The four bases are:... 1.... 2.... 3.... 4.
Made up of a sugar, a base, and a phosphate group
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
What does DNA stand for?
Sugar (deoxyribose) ... Phosphate groups…
The Chemical components of DNA are:... -... -... -
Cell Growth and Reproduction
DNA
Nucleotides
Complimentary Base Pair Rules
Codon
(deoxyribonucleic acid) molecule that stores genetic informat…
monomers that make up the larger DNA and RNA molecules compri…
Adenine pairs with thymine and cytosine pairs with guanine
a group of three sequential nucleotides signaling for a parti…
DNA
(deoxyribonucleic acid) molecule that stores genetic informat…
Nucleotides
monomers that make up the larger DNA and RNA molecules compri…
47 terms
CHS Cell Growth and Reproduction
Mitosis
Meiosis
Diploid Cell
Haploid Cell
cellular reproduction that results in body cells that have th…
cellular reproduction that results in gametes that have HALF…
a cell (such as a body cell) that has two of each type of chr…
a cell (such as a gamete) that has one of each type of chromo…
Mitosis
cellular reproduction that results in body cells that have th…
Meiosis
cellular reproduction that results in gametes that have HALF…
17 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Conjugation
Binary Fission
Sexual Reproduction
Asexual Reproduction
Process in which paramecia and some prokaryotes exchange gene…
Type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Process of reproduction involving a sing parent that results…
Conjugation
Process in which paramecia and some prokaryotes exchange gene…
Binary Fission
Type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates…
17 terms
Cell growth and reproduction
Chromosome
Chromatin
Cell cycle
Interphase
a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
the material of which the chromosomes of organisms other than…
The cell cycle or cell-division cycle is the series of events…
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
Chromosome
a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
Chromatin
the material of which the chromosomes of organisms other than…
17 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Conjugation
Binary Fission
Sexual Reproduction
Asexual Reproduction
Process in which paramecia and some prokaryotes exchange gene…
Type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Process of reproduction involving a sing parent that results…
Conjugation
Process in which paramecia and some prokaryotes exchange gene…
Binary Fission
Type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates…
28 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction Vocabulary
deoxyribonucelic acid (DNA)
gene
chromosomes
allele
A biological macromolecule that encodes the genetic informati…
A sequence of nucleotides composing a segment of DNA that pro…
A piece of coiled DNA and proteins found in nucleus of eukary…
A variation of a gene's nucleotide sequence (an alternative f…
deoxyribonucelic acid (DNA)
A biological macromolecule that encodes the genetic informati…
gene
A sequence of nucleotides composing a segment of DNA that pro…
16 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Cell Cycle
Chromosomes:
Cytokinesis
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
The series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins found in…
The final phase of a cell cycle resulting in the division of…
A biological macromolecule that encodes the genetic informati…
Cell Cycle
The series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
Chromosomes:
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins found in…
44 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Why most cells are small
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Benefits of Asexual reproduction.
Cells with a high surface area to volume(SA:V) ratio are able…
Process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells.[Mi…
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Asexual Reproduction is 1. fast, 2. does not require finding…
Why most cells are small
Cells with a high surface area to volume(SA:V) ratio are able…
Cell division
Process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells.[Mi…
11 terms
Cell growth and reproduction
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Telophase
first phase of mitosis. the chromatin coils up to form visibl…
is the second phase of mitosis. the chromosome move to the eq…
is the third phase of mitosis. the centromeres split and the…
The fourth phase of mitosis. Two distinct daughter cells are…
Prophase
first phase of mitosis. the chromatin coils up to form visibl…
Metaphase
is the second phase of mitosis. the chromosome move to the eq…
19 terms
Cell Growth & Reproduction Vocabulary
Cell Division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
a type of cell division that results in two daughter cells ea…
division of the cytoplasm during cell division and is the las…
one half of a duplicated chromosome
Cell Division
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
Mitosis
a type of cell division that results in two daughter cells ea…
13 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Allele
Cell Cycle
Chromosomes
Crossing-Over
An alternative form of a gene
The series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
Contains genes that encode for traits. A single piece of coil…
An exchange of genetic materials between homologous chromosom…
Allele
An alternative form of a gene
Cell Cycle
The series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
25 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Interphase
G1
G0
S
Combination of G1, S& G2 phases
growth, normal metabolism, some organelles replicate & the ce…
Cells that permanently stop dividing... -neurons, cardiac muscle…
Synthesis. DNA replicates
Interphase
Combination of G1, S& G2 phases
G1
growth, normal metabolism, some organelles replicate & the ce…
16 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Cell division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
the process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
part of cell division in which the nucleus divides
division of the cytoplasm during cell division
one of two identical "sister" parts of duplicated chromosome
Cell division
the process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Mitosis
part of cell division in which the nucleus divides
16 terms
Cell Growth & Reproduction
Cell division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei contai…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
Cell division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Mitosis
Cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei contai…
27 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Cell cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokenesis
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Division of the cytoplasm
Cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Interphase
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
13 terms
Cell Growth, Division, and Reproduction
Surface area to volume ratio
Interphase
G1 phase
S phase
the larger it is, the harder it is to move nutrients and wast…
G1 phase, S phase, G2 phas
-period of activity where cells do most of their growing... -cel…
-chromosomes are replicated... -synthesis of DNA... -key proteins a…
Surface area to volume ratio
the larger it is, the harder it is to move nutrients and wast…
Interphase
G1 phase, S phase, G2 phas
8 terms
Changes in cell growth and reproduction
Atrophy
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
Ananplasia
a decrease in cell size
increase in cell size
excessive cell reproduction
cells change in orientation to each other and fail to differe…
Atrophy
a decrease in cell size
Hypertrophy
increase in cell size
42 terms
Biology Cell growth and reproduction
Binary Fission
Budding
sexual reproduction
genetic variation
asexual reproduction in bacteria
asexual reproduction in an organism; which a new smaller orga…
creation of a new organism by combining the genetic informati…
occurs in sexual reproduction; the offspring gets half its…
Binary Fission
asexual reproduction in bacteria
Budding
asexual reproduction in an organism; which a new smaller orga…
34 terms
Cell Growth and Cell Reproduction
what are the three reasons why cells n…
how big can cells get?
describe two reasons why cells can't g…
how fast can bacteria cells grow and r…
1. growth- increase numbers of cells... 2. Reproduction ... 3. Repa…
Cells range in size from 5-50 (micrometer, 1 millionth of a m…
1. As a cell increases size it's volume grows 10 times faster…
they grow and reproduce very fast
what are the three reasons why cells n…
1. growth- increase numbers of cells... 2. Reproduction ... 3. Repa…
how big can cells get?
Cells range in size from 5-50 (micrometer, 1 millionth of a m…
16 terms
Cell growth, division, and reproduction
interphase
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
the cell grows and replicates its DNA and centrioles
chromatin condenses into chromosomes, centrioles separate and…
chromosomes line up across center of cell, each is connected…
the sister chromatids separate into individual chromosomes an…
interphase
the cell grows and replicates its DNA and centrioles
prophase
chromatin condenses into chromosomes, centrioles separate and…
19 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Cell division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
Cell division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
24 terms
Cell Growth, Reproduction, and Division
Cell Division
Asexual Reproductions
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosomes
the process in which a cell divides into two daughter cells
the production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
forming an offspring with two separate parent cells
genetic information bundled into packages of DNA
Cell Division
the process in which a cell divides into two daughter cells
Asexual Reproductions
the production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
24 terms
Cell Growth, Division, and Reproduction
Daughter Cells
Cell cycle
Interphase
G1 Phase
A cell That has divided into 2 cells
A cell grows, prepares for division and divides to form two d…
The time between cell division that is divided into 3 parts
cell growth in this phase cells increase in size
Daughter Cells
A cell That has divided into 2 cells
Cell cycle
A cell grows, prepares for division and divides to form two d…
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