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Study sets matching "reproduction chapter 9 mitosis"

14 terms
Chapter 9: Reproduction MITOSIS & MEIOSIS
What is mitosis
What is the function of mitosis
How many daughter cells are produced i…
Type of reproduction in mitosis
Cell division of identical daughter cells
Replication of cells for repair, growth
2 diploid daughter cells
Asexual
What is mitosis
Cell division of identical daughter cells
What is the function of mitosis
Replication of cells for repair, growth
30 terms
Chapter 9: Mitosis - The Cell Cycle and Cellular Reproduction
The cell cycle
Interphase
G1 Stage
G1 Checkpoint
an orderly set of stages that take place between the time a c…
This is a time where the cell performs its usual functions. I…
"Growth" stage before DNA replication. The cell has just divi…
Cell Cycle main checkpoint. If DNA is damaged, apoptosis will…
The cell cycle
an orderly set of stages that take place between the time a c…
Interphase
This is a time where the cell performs its usual functions. I…
47 terms
chapter 9/10: cell reproduction: Mitosis, Meiosis and cancer
what does mitosis do?
asexual
sexual
Chromosome
1. replace lost/ damaged cells... 2. growth... 3. pass genes on to…
inherit all chromosomes from 1 parent ... no genetic variation... m…
requires fertilization of an egg by sperm (gametes)... genetical…
"colorful body"... made of chromatin- combo of DNA and protein m…
what does mitosis do?
1. replace lost/ damaged cells... 2. growth... 3. pass genes on to…
asexual
inherit all chromosomes from 1 parent ... no genetic variation... m…
29 terms
Chapter 9: Mitosis- Cell Reproduction and the Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Interphase
Cytokinesis
Sister Chromatids
division of the nucleus
cell has normal function DNA replication... G1, S, G2
division of cytoplasm or cell itself
2 copies of each chromosome ... stay joined together @ the centr…
Mitosis
division of the nucleus
Interphase
cell has normal function DNA replication... G1, S, G2
37 terms
Chapter 9-the continuity of Life-Cellular reproduction via Mitosis and Meiosis
allele
anaphase
asexual reproduction
autosome
An alternative form of a gene.
During what phase of mitosis do the paired sister chromatids…
Reproduction that does not involve the union of gametes and i…
A chromosome that is not directly involved in determining sex…
allele
An alternative form of a gene.
anaphase
During what phase of mitosis do the paired sister chromatids…
28 terms
Chapter 9: Mitosis Vocab
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
telophase
1st phase of mitosis
Centromeres of duplicated chromosomes are aligned at plate. F…
Centromeres divide
A cleavage furrow forms during this phase
prophase
1st phase of mitosis
metaphase
Centromeres of duplicated chromosomes are aligned at plate. F…
30 terms
Mitosis Chapter 9
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell (G1, S, G…
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells divided int…
The first stage of mitosis. Chromatin condense, the centrosom…
The 2nd stage of mitosis. The centrosomes have reached the po…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell (G1, S, G…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells divided int…
17 terms
Chapter 9 Cellular Reproduction
Interphase
Cell cycle
3
Interphase, mitosis, cytokinesis
What is the longest phase of the cell Cycle?
Cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing called the
How many sub stages is interphase divided into?
What are the 3 primary stages of the cell Cycle?
Interphase
What is the longest phase of the cell Cycle?
Cell cycle
Cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing called the
36 terms
Chapter 9- Mitosis
Mitosis
Meristematic Tissue
Cancer
Cancer Cells
1 cell splits to 2 identical cells; used in growth, repair, a…
cells in plants that do mitosis; in root and stems
mitosis gone bad; a specific enzyme regulates mitosis; get it…
take up glucose and oxygen; have more than 1 nuclei, irregual…
Mitosis
1 cell splits to 2 identical cells; used in growth, repair, a…
Meristematic Tissue
cells in plants that do mitosis; in root and stems
21 terms
Chapter 9 Mitosis - Jeffers/Holland
surface area
Cell Cycle's 3 Stages
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
is the key factor that limits cell size
Interphase, Mitosis, & Cytokinesis
the stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's nucleus a…
is the method by which a cell's cytoplasm divides
surface area
is the key factor that limits cell size
Cell Cycle's 3 Stages
Interphase, Mitosis, & Cytokinesis
20 terms
Chapter 9 - Mitosis
Mitosis
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Prophase
Process of cell division / reproduction
Cycle of a cell's life (interphase and mitosis)
Stage of cell cycle where cell is preparing for mitosis; long…
First and longest stage of mitosis
Mitosis
Process of cell division / reproduction
Cell Cycle
Cycle of a cell's life (interphase and mitosis)
Chapter 9 mitosis
Genome
Cellular organization of Genetic mater…
Chromosome structure
Cell Cycle - Parts
- all of an organisms DNA... -The genome must be copied and divi…
-DNA molecules in a cell are packaged into chromosomes. Chrom…
- In preparation for cell division, chromosomes (DNA) are rep…
1. Interphase (90% of cycle) when the cell grows and duplicat…
Genome
- all of an organisms DNA... -The genome must be copied and divi…
Cellular organization of Genetic mater…
-DNA molecules in a cell are packaged into chromosomes. Chrom…
110 terms
Chapter 9 Mitosis
Mitosis Vocabulary
microtubules
centrioles
interphase
...
hollow cylinders made up of the protein tubulin . Assemble wh…
organelles that help organize spindle fibers for chromosome m…
the first part of the cell cycle ... most of the cell is spent i…
Mitosis Vocabulary
...
microtubules
hollow cylinders made up of the protein tubulin . Assemble wh…
38 terms
Chapter 9: Mitosis
anaphase
cell cycle
cell plate
centriole
time in mitosis when sister chromatids separate
all of the phases that make up the cell's life (know the pie,…
structure established by the golgi vesicles during the format…
organelle that directs animal spindles during mitosis
anaphase
time in mitosis when sister chromatids separate
cell cycle
all of the phases that make up the cell's life (know the pie,…
10 terms
Cellular Reproduction Chapter 9 Section 2 Mitosis Cytokinesis
Prophase
Sister chromatid
Centromere
Spindle apparatus
The 1st and longest stage of mitosis
Each half of the X containing identical copies of DNA
Sister chromatids are attached near the center of the chromos…
Structures form which helps move and organize the chromosomes…
Prophase
The 1st and longest stage of mitosis
Sister chromatid
Each half of the X containing identical copies of DNA
19 terms
Chapter 9 - Cellular Reproduction
Anaphase
Apoptosis
Cancer
Carcinogen
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Programmed cell death.
Uncontrolled growth and division of cells that can be caused…
Cancer-causing substance.
Anaphase
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Apoptosis
Programmed cell death.
40 terms
Chapter 9: Mitosis
What is the cell cycle?
What are the two main phases of the ce…
Sketch the pie chart showing the relat…
Interphase:... G1
life span of a dividing cell; organized into stages w/ specif…
interphase & division (mitosis)
Boom.
- growth/normal cell function... - cell checks to determine if i…
What is the cell cycle?
life span of a dividing cell; organized into stages w/ specif…
What are the two main phases of the ce…
interphase & division (mitosis)
14 terms
Biology Chapter 9, Mitosis
Cellular Reproduction:
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
1. Prevents a cell from becoming too big... 2. The way a cell re…
cells reproduce by growing and dividing.... ***Every time a cell…
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
• Cell's replicated (copied) genetic (DNA) material separates…
Cellular Reproduction:
1. Prevents a cell from becoming too big... 2. The way a cell re…
Cell Cycle
cells reproduce by growing and dividing.... ***Every time a cell…
17 terms
Chapter 9 - Mitosis Diagram
cell membrane
nuclear membrane
nucleolus
chromatin
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
surrounds the nucleus and controls what enters and leaves the…
the site of ribosome production within the nucleus of eukaryo…
the relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell
cell membrane
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
nuclear membrane
surrounds the nucleus and controls what enters and leaves the…
43 terms
Chapter 9 Mitosis
Cell Cycle
Interphase
G1 Stage
S Stage
- orderly set of stages that takes place between the time a e…
- most of the time spent... - time when a cell performs its usua…
- before DNA replication... - growth... - cell recovers from previo…
- (GROWTH AND DNA REPLICATION)... - enters when DNA synthesis or…
Cell Cycle
- orderly set of stages that takes place between the time a e…
Interphase
- most of the time spent... - time when a cell performs its usua…
16 terms
Chapter 9 Cellular Reproduction
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
process of growing and dividing
cell grows and replicates DNA
cell's nucleus divides
cell's cytoplasm divides
cell cycle
process of growing and dividing
interphase
cell grows and replicates DNA
22 terms
chapter 9: mitosis
importance of cell division
use of binary fission and mitosis
prokaryotes
eukaryotes
-the ability to grow and reproduce are 2 important quantities…
-mitosis and binary fission are asexual reproduction... in multi…
-binary fission... --DNA copies... --cell divides... --2 haploid cells
1. mitosis... 2. meiosis
importance of cell division
-the ability to grow and reproduce are 2 important quantities…
use of binary fission and mitosis
-mitosis and binary fission are asexual reproduction... in multi…
27 terms
Science 9 - Chapter 5, Mitosis & Asexual Reproduction
Describe spindle fibres
Cell will most likely NOT divide if:
What happens if a mutation occurs in a…
Is cancer cell growth high controlled…
Tube like structures made of protein.
There are not enough nutrients to support cell growth. The DN…
Cell cycle control may be lost
Uncontrolled and becomes a tumour.
Describe spindle fibres
Tube like structures made of protein.
Cell will most likely NOT divide if:
There are not enough nutrients to support cell growth. The DN…
20 terms
Chapter 9 - Mitosis
Mitosis
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Prophase
Process of cell division / reproduction
Cycle of a cell's life (interphase and mitosis)
Stage of cell cycle where cell is preparing for mitosis; long…
First and longest stage of mitosis
Mitosis
Process of cell division / reproduction
Cell Cycle
Cycle of a cell's life (interphase and mitosis)
21 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Cell Reproduction
Cell Cycle/Ciclo Celular
Chromosomes/ Cromosoma
Chromatin/cromatina
proceso de reproduccíon celular; consta de tres fases princip…
estructura que contiene DNA y que lleva el material genético…
forma no condensada de DNA en el nucleo de una célula
Cell Cycle/Ciclo Celular
proceso de reproduccíon celular; consta de tres fases princip…
Chromosomes/ Cromosoma
estructura que contiene DNA y que lleva el material genético…
Mitosis- Chapter 9
Cell division
Function of mitosis
Cell cycle
Chromosomes
Reproduction of cells
New organisms or growing one organism, or renewal and repair
1. Reproduction, 2. Growth and Development, ... 3. Tissue Renewal
Carries DNA with thousands of genes inside
Cell division
Reproduction of cells
Function of mitosis
New organisms or growing one organism, or renewal and repair
40 terms
Chapter 9 - Mitosis
Genome
Chromosomes
Chromatin
Somatic Cells
The genetic material of an organism or virus; the complete co…
A cellular structure consisting of one DNA molecule and assoc…
The complex of DNA and proteins that makes up eukaryotic chro…
Any cell in a multicellular organism except a sperm or egg or…
Genome
The genetic material of an organism or virus; the complete co…
Chromosomes
A cellular structure consisting of one DNA molecule and assoc…
25 terms
Chapter 9 mitosis
A single double strand attached to the…
Chromatin, chromosome, dipoid, haploid…
gene spread out
gene condensed on top of itself
How do prokaryotic cells divide?
What is needed for eukaryotic cells to divide?
Chromatin
Chromosome
A single double strand attached to the…
How do prokaryotic cells divide?
Chromatin, chromosome, dipoid, haploid…
What is needed for eukaryotic cells to divide?
30 terms
Chapter 9: Mitosis
Deoxyribose acid
Nucleotide
Sugar- phosphate backbone
Nitrogenous base
Primary information bearing molecule of life. Two chains of n…
Nitrogenous base attached to a five carbon sugar( ribose) and…
Like a twisted ladder, two sugar phosphate strands spiral aro…
Adenine, thymine, guanine, cytosine
Deoxyribose acid
Primary information bearing molecule of life. Two chains of n…
Nucleotide
Nitrogenous base attached to a five carbon sugar( ribose) and…
34 terms
Chapter 9- Mitosis
Cell Division
Multicellular organisms depend on cell…
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Continuity of life is based on this, the reproduction of cells
1. Development from a fertilized egg... 2. Growth... 3. Repair
Formatting life from own cell division.
Daughter cells with identical DNA, division of the nucleus
Cell Division
Continuity of life is based on this, the reproduction of cells
Multicellular organisms depend on cell…
1. Development from a fertilized egg... 2. Growth... 3. Repair
50 terms
Mitosis! Chapter 9
mitosis
meiosis
location of meiosis in humans
diploid
creation of somatic cells and asexual reproduction... diploid to…
creation of gametes for sexual reproduction... diploid to haploi…
testes and ovaries
full copy of genetic material... contains 2 of each gene
mitosis
creation of somatic cells and asexual reproduction... diploid to…
meiosis
creation of gametes for sexual reproduction... diploid to haploi…
20 terms
Mitosis Vocab Chapter 9
ana
aster
carcino
centr
back, backwards
star
cancer
center
ana
back, backwards
aster
star
102 terms
Chapter 9 - Mitosis
Prophase, Prometaphase, Metaphase, Ana…
cell cycle
with mitosis, with meiosis
mitosis or meiosis + cytokenisis
What are the steps of mitosis?
the entire life of the cell - starting in interphase, going t…
What are the two ways in which the cell cycle can occur?
Cell division = ?
Prophase, Prometaphase, Metaphase, Ana…
What are the steps of mitosis?
cell cycle
the entire life of the cell - starting in interphase, going t…
13 terms
Chapter 9 Reproduction
Vas Defrens
Ova
Ovulation
Uterus
Tubes that carry sperm to the urethra
Female reproductive cell
Release of an ova from the ovary
Muscular pear shaped organ when the fetus grows
Vas Defrens
Tubes that carry sperm to the urethra
Ova
Female reproductive cell
33 terms
chapter 9 mitosis
Why do cells need to be small
volume
GAP 1 phase... S phase... GAP 2 phase... Propha…
interphase
It would take too long for oxygen and nutrients to get to the…
Which increases at a faster rate the volume or the surface ar…
lists steps in order
DNA is unwound ... Chromosomes are not visible
Why do cells need to be small
It would take too long for oxygen and nutrients to get to the…
volume
Which increases at a faster rate the volume or the surface ar…
24 terms
Chapter 9 - MITOSIS
Starting with a fertilized egg (zygote…
For a newly evolving protist, what wou…
If cells in the process of dividing ar…
Taxol is an anticancer drug extracted…
32
Cell division would allow for the orderly and efficient segre…
metaphase
the formation of the mitotic spindle.
Starting with a fertilized egg (zygote…
32
For a newly evolving protist, what wou…
Cell division would allow for the orderly and efficient segre…
44 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9 - Mitosis
Binary Fission
Eukaryotic Chromosomes
How many nucleotides does the average…
Nucleotide Structure
Cell division in prokaryotic organisms like bacteria. In this…
made up of chromatin = DNA + proteins called histones
300 million
5 carbon sugar, nitrogen base, phosphate group (in DNA the su…
Binary Fission
Cell division in prokaryotic organisms like bacteria. In this…
Eukaryotic Chromosomes
made up of chromatin = DNA + proteins called histones
14 terms
chapter 9: mitosis vocabulary
chromosome
sex chromosome
autosome
histone
structures in the nucleus that contain dna, the genetic mater…
x or y chromosome, determined and individual gender, xx= fema…
chromosome that is not a sex chromosome, 22 pairs of chromoso…
dna coils around histones to form nucleosomes
chromosome
structures in the nucleus that contain dna, the genetic mater…
sex chromosome
x or y chromosome, determined and individual gender, xx= fema…
16 terms
Chapter 9 Cell Division and Mitosis
Apoptosis
Cancer
Cell Cycle
Cell Cycle Checkpoint
Programmed cell death; often referred to as cellular suicide.
A disease of unregulated cell division: cells divide inapprop…
The ordered sequence of stages that a cell progresses through…
A cellular mechanism that ensures that each stage of the cell…
Apoptosis
Programmed cell death; often referred to as cellular suicide.
Cancer
A disease of unregulated cell division: cells divide inapprop…
19 terms
Chapter 9 Mitosis
cell cycle
chromatin
chromosome
cytokenesis
process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell
DNA-containing structure that carries genetic material from o…
third main stage of the cell cycle, during which the cell's c…
cell cycle
process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
chromatin
relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell
73 terms
Chapter 9 - Mitosis and Meiosis
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromatin
Chromosomes
produces offspring that inherit all genetic material from one…
when 2 parents are involved in the production of offspring -…
combination of DNA and protein molecules - condense when cell…
chromatin that is condensed and becomes visible before cell d…
Asexual Reproduction
produces offspring that inherit all genetic material from one…
Sexual Reproduction
when 2 parents are involved in the production of offspring -…
19 terms
Chapter 9 - Mitosis - Vocabulary
Cell cycle
Chromatin
Chromosome
Cytokinesis
Interphase, mitosis, and cytokinesis
Relaxed form of DNA
Holds DNA and moves it from one generation to another
Cell's cytoplasm divides creating a new cell
Cell cycle
Interphase, mitosis, and cytokinesis
Chromatin
Relaxed form of DNA
31 terms
Chapter 9 Cell Division and Mitosis
Cancer
treatment for cancer
Chemotherapy
Taxol
disease of unregulated cell division: cells divide inappropri…
surgery... administration of chemicals
administration of chemicals... drugs work by interfering with ce…
highly effective chemotherapy agent... extracted from the pacifi…
Cancer
disease of unregulated cell division: cells divide inappropri…
treatment for cancer
surgery... administration of chemicals
42 terms
mitosis chapter 9
process of cell division
cell divisions
Somatic cell
homologous chromosomes
growth, replace, repairs
Basic Principle - animal and humanic cells
has two sets of similar (homologous) chromosomes
have genes that control the same traits but are not identical
process of cell division
growth, replace, repairs
cell divisions
Basic Principle - animal and humanic cells
43 terms
Chapter 9 and 10: Mitosis & Meiosis
mitosis
somatic cells
identical
chromatin
cell division process that occurs in somatic cells which prod…
body cells
in mitosis, the DNA is ___________________ to one another
during interphase, the DNA is found in this form
mitosis
cell division process that occurs in somatic cells which prod…
somatic cells
body cells
25 terms
Chapter 9- Mitosis
Somatic Cells
Reproductive Cells
Gametes
Mitosis
Body cells (Full, Diploid) Each somatic cell has two sets of…
Gametes. Each productive cell has only one set of chromosomes…
Male- Sperm, produced by testes.... Female- Eggs, produced by ov…
Somatic cell division in which each resulting cell gets two c…
Somatic Cells
Body cells (Full, Diploid) Each somatic cell has two sets of…
Reproductive Cells
Gametes. Each productive cell has only one set of chromosomes…
Chapter 9 - Mitosis
Genome
Chromosome
Chromatin
Somatic cells
a cell's endowment of DNA, its genetic information.
structures in which DNA molecules are packaged.
the entire complex of DNA and proteins that is the building m…
all body cells except the reproductive cells.
Genome
a cell's endowment of DNA, its genetic information.
Chromosome
structures in which DNA molecules are packaged.
10 terms
Chapter 9- Mitosis review
Describe the structural organization o…
List the phases of the cell cycle; des…
List the phases of mitosis and describ…
Describe the mitotic spindle, include…
Prokaryotic genomes are found in a single strand of DNA in a…
In the G1 Phase, all cellular contents of the cell, excluding…
In Mitosis, the DNA is replicated during the S phase of Mitos…
The mitotic spindle begins to form in the cytoplasm during pr…
Describe the structural organization o…
Prokaryotic genomes are found in a single strand of DNA in a…
List the phases of the cell cycle; des…
In the G1 Phase, all cellular contents of the cell, excluding…
33 terms
Chapter 9 - Mitosis
reproduces the entire organism
a dividing cell...
genome
chromosomes
by the division of one cell
-duplicates its DNA... -allocates the two copies to opposite end…
a cell's endowment of DNA (its genetic information)... -arranged…
DNA molecules in a cell are packaged into these
reproduces the entire organism
by the division of one cell
a dividing cell...
-duplicates its DNA... -allocates the two copies to opposite end…
25 terms
Chapter 9- Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Made up of G1, S, G2, nucleus can be seen, chromosomes are no…
Chromosomes become visible; nuclear envelope disappears, spin…
Chromosomes move to the middle, each chromatid is attached to…
Sister chromatids are pulled to opposite poles of a cell
Interphase
Made up of G1, S, G2, nucleus can be seen, chromosomes are no…
Prophase
Chromosomes become visible; nuclear envelope disappears, spin…
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