Study sets matching "reproduction chapter 9 mitosis"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "reproduction chapter 9 mitosis"

14 terms
Chapter 9: Reproduction MITOSIS & MEIOSIS
What is mitosis
What is the function of mitosis
How many daughter cells are produced i…
Type of reproduction in mitosis
Cell division of identical daughter cells
Replication of cells for repair, growth
2 diploid daughter cells
Asexual
What is mitosis
Cell division of identical daughter cells
What is the function of mitosis
Replication of cells for repair, growth
47 terms
chapter 9/10: cell reproduction: Mitosis, Meiosis and cancer
what does mitosis do?
asexual
sexual
Chromosome
1. replace lost/ damaged cells... 2. growth... 3. pass genes on to…
inherit all chromosomes from 1 parent ... no genetic variation... m…
requires fertilization of an egg by sperm (gametes)... genetical…
"colorful body"... made of chromatin- combo of DNA and protein m…
what does mitosis do?
1. replace lost/ damaged cells... 2. growth... 3. pass genes on to…
asexual
inherit all chromosomes from 1 parent ... no genetic variation... m…
30 terms
Chapter 9: Mitosis - The Cell Cycle and Cellular Reproduction
The cell cycle
Interphase
G1 Stage
G1 Checkpoint
an orderly set of stages that take place between the time a c…
This is a time where the cell performs its usual functions. I…
"Growth" stage before DNA replication. The cell has just divi…
Cell Cycle main checkpoint. If DNA is damaged, apoptosis will…
The cell cycle
an orderly set of stages that take place between the time a c…
Interphase
This is a time where the cell performs its usual functions. I…
Chapter 9: Mitosis- Cell Reproduction and the Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Interphase
Cytokinesis
Sister Chromatids
division of the nucleus
cell has normal function DNA replication... G1, S, G2
division of cytoplasm or cell itself
2 copies of each chromosome ... stay joined together @ the centr…
Mitosis
division of the nucleus
Interphase
cell has normal function DNA replication... G1, S, G2
37 terms
Chapter 9-the continuity of Life-Cellular reproduction via Mitosis and Meiosis
allele
anaphase
asexual reproduction
autosome
An alternative form of a gene.
During what phase of mitosis do the paired sister chromatids…
Reproduction that does not involve the union of gametes and i…
A chromosome that is not directly involved in determining sex…
allele
An alternative form of a gene.
anaphase
During what phase of mitosis do the paired sister chromatids…
30 terms
Mitosis Chapter 9
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell (G1, S, G…
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells divided int…
The first stage of mitosis. Chromatin condense, the centrosom…
The 2nd stage of mitosis. The centrosomes have reached the po…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell (G1, S, G…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells divided int…
Chapter 9: Mitosis Vocab
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
telophase
1st phase of mitosis
Centromeres of duplicated chromosomes are aligned at plate. F…
Centromeres divide
A cleavage furrow forms during this phase
prophase
1st phase of mitosis
metaphase
Centromeres of duplicated chromosomes are aligned at plate. F…
Chapter 9 Cellular Reproduction
Interphase
Cell cycle
3
Interphase, mitosis, cytokinesis
What is the longest phase of the cell Cycle?
Cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing called the
How many sub stages is interphase divided into?
What are the 3 primary stages of the cell Cycle?
Interphase
What is the longest phase of the cell Cycle?
Cell cycle
Cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing called the
21 terms
Chapter 9 Mitosis and Meiosis
Interphase
cell cycle
Prophase
Metaphase
cell metabolism
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divid…
chromatin bunches into chromosomes... nuclear membrane disappear…
shortest phase
Interphase
cell metabolism
cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divid…
36 terms
chapter 9 midterm: Cell division and reproduction, the eukaryotic cycle, and mitosis
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
sequence of events which cells grow and divide
cell grows, carries out normal functions, and DNA doubles
the stage of the cell cycle during which the nucleus (DNA) an…
cytoplasm is splitting in two/cell splits in two and a new ce…
cell cycle
sequence of events which cells grow and divide
interphase
cell grows, carries out normal functions, and DNA doubles
20 terms
Chapter 9 - Mitosis
Mitosis
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Prophase
Process of cell division / reproduction
Cycle of a cell's life (interphase and mitosis)
Stage of cell cycle where cell is preparing for mitosis; long…
First and longest stage of mitosis
Mitosis
Process of cell division / reproduction
Cell Cycle
Cycle of a cell's life (interphase and mitosis)
110 terms
Chapter 9 Mitosis
Mitosis Vocabulary
microtubules
centrioles
interphase
...
hollow cylinders made up of the protein tubulin . Assemble wh…
organelles that help organize spindle fibers for chromosome m…
the first part of the cell cycle ... most of the cell is spent i…
Mitosis Vocabulary
...
microtubules
hollow cylinders made up of the protein tubulin . Assemble wh…
Cellular Reproduction Chapter 9 Section 2 Mitosis Cytokinesis
Prophase
Sister chromatid
Centromere
Spindle apparatus
The 1st and longest stage of mitosis
Each half of the X containing identical copies of DNA
Sister chromatids are attached near the center of the chromos…
Structures form which helps move and organize the chromosomes…
Prophase
The 1st and longest stage of mitosis
Sister chromatid
Each half of the X containing identical copies of DNA
Chapter 9 mitosis
Genome
Cellular organization of Genetic mater…
Chromosome structure
Cell Cycle - Parts
- all of an organisms DNA... -The genome must be copied and divi…
-DNA molecules in a cell are packaged into chromosomes. Chrom…
- In preparation for cell division, chromosomes (DNA) are rep…
1. Interphase (90% of cycle) when the cell grows and duplicat…
Genome
- all of an organisms DNA... -The genome must be copied and divi…
Cellular organization of Genetic mater…
-DNA molecules in a cell are packaged into chromosomes. Chrom…
46 terms
Biology - Mitosis - Chapter 9
interphase
mitosis
metaphase
prophase
the time between the formation of a cell through mitosis and…
the division of eukaryotic body cells involves a process of n…
chromosomes line up at the equator
the first stage of mitosis
interphase
the time between the formation of a cell through mitosis and…
mitosis
the division of eukaryotic body cells involves a process of n…
biology Chapter 9 - Mitosis
anaphase
apoptosis
cancer
carcinogen
3rd stage of mitosis where sister chromatids are pulled apart…
programmed cell death
uncontrolled growth and division of cells from damaged or mut…
cancer causing substance
anaphase
3rd stage of mitosis where sister chromatids are pulled apart…
apoptosis
programmed cell death
biology Chapter 9 - Mitosis
anaphase
apoptosis
cancer
carcinogen
3rd stage of mitosis where sister chromatids are pulled apart…
programmed cell death
uncontrolled growth and division of cells from damaged or mut…
cancer causing substance
anaphase
3rd stage of mitosis where sister chromatids are pulled apart…
apoptosis
programmed cell death
21 terms
Chapter 9 Mitosis - Jeffers/Holland
surface area
Cell Cycle's 3 Stages
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
is the key factor that limits cell size
Interphase, Mitosis, & Cytokinesis
the stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's nucleus a…
is the method by which a cell's cytoplasm divides
surface area
is the key factor that limits cell size
Cell Cycle's 3 Stages
Interphase, Mitosis, & Cytokinesis
43 terms
biology Chapter 9 - Mitosis
anaphase
apoptosis
cancer
carcinogen
3rd stage of mitosis where sister chromatids are pulled apart…
programmed cell death
uncontrolled growth and division of cells from damaged or mut…
cancer causing substance
anaphase
3rd stage of mitosis where sister chromatids are pulled apart…
apoptosis
programmed cell death
28 terms
Bio Chapter 9 Mitosis
Cell Division
Chromosomes
Centromeres
Mitosis
-to grown, repair, renew, and replace
-DNA packed together with chromatin wrapped around histones
-holds sister chromatids together
-cell division that produces two identical daughter cells
Cell Division
-to grown, repair, renew, and replace
Chromosomes
-DNA packed together with chromatin wrapped around histones
33 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Mitosis
Chromosomes
Sister chromatids
Centromere
Cell cycle
genetic material that is shortened, condensed and visible dur…
two of these, held together by a centromere, make up a chromo…
a region where two sister chromatids are joined tightly toget…
from the birth of cell to the time the cell itself reproduces…
Chromosomes
genetic material that is shortened, condensed and visible dur…
Sister chromatids
two of these, held together by a centromere, make up a chromo…
40 terms
Chapter 9: Mitosis
What is the cell cycle?
What are the two main phases of the ce…
Sketch the pie chart showing the relat…
Interphase:... G1
life span of a dividing cell; organized into stages w/ specif…
interphase & division (mitosis)
Boom.
- growth/normal cell function... - cell checks to determine if i…
What is the cell cycle?
life span of a dividing cell; organized into stages w/ specif…
What are the two main phases of the ce…
interphase & division (mitosis)
22 terms
Chapter 9: Cellular Reproduction
anaphase
cancer
carcinogen
cell cycle
third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
uncontrolled growth and division of cells that can be caused…
cancer-causing substance
process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
anaphase
third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
cancer
uncontrolled growth and division of cells that can be caused…
19 terms
Chapter 9 - Cellular Reproduction
Anaphase
Apoptosis
Cancer
Carcinogen
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Programmed cell death.
Uncontrolled growth and division of cells that can be caused…
Cancer-causing substance.
Anaphase
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Apoptosis
Programmed cell death.
17 terms
Chapter 9 - Mitosis Diagram
cell membrane
nuclear membrane
nucleolus
chromatin
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
surrounds the nucleus and controls what enters and leaves the…
the site of ribosome production within the nucleus of eukaryo…
the relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell
cell membrane
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
nuclear membrane
surrounds the nucleus and controls what enters and leaves the…
14 terms
Biology Chapter 9, Mitosis
Cellular Reproduction:
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
1. Prevents a cell from becoming too big... 2. The way a cell re…
cells reproduce by growing and dividing.... ***Every time a cell…
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
• Cell's replicated (copied) genetic (DNA) material separates…
Cellular Reproduction:
1. Prevents a cell from becoming too big... 2. The way a cell re…
Cell Cycle
cells reproduce by growing and dividing.... ***Every time a cell…
Chapter 9 Mitosis
Cell Cycle
Interphase
G1 Stage
S Stage
- orderly set of stages that takes place between the time a e…
- most of the time spent... - time when a cell performs its usua…
- before DNA replication... - growth... - cell recovers from previo…
- (GROWTH AND DNA REPLICATION)... - enters when DNA synthesis or…
Cell Cycle
- orderly set of stages that takes place between the time a e…
Interphase
- most of the time spent... - time when a cell performs its usua…
22 terms
chapter 9: mitosis
importance of cell division
use of binary fission and mitosis
prokaryotes
eukaryotes
-the ability to grow and reproduce are 2 important quantities…
-mitosis and binary fission are asexual reproduction... in multi…
-binary fission... --DNA copies... --cell divides... --2 haploid cells
1. mitosis... 2. meiosis
importance of cell division
-the ability to grow and reproduce are 2 important quantities…
use of binary fission and mitosis
-mitosis and binary fission are asexual reproduction... in multi…
27 terms
Science 9 - Chapter 5, Mitosis & Asexual Reproduction
Describe spindle fibres
Cell will most likely NOT divide if:
What happens if a mutation occurs in a…
Is cancer cell growth high controlled…
Tube like structures made of protein.
There are not enough nutrients to support cell growth. The DN…
Cell cycle control may be lost
Uncontrolled and becomes a tumour.
Describe spindle fibres
Tube like structures made of protein.
Cell will most likely NOT divide if:
There are not enough nutrients to support cell growth. The DN…
16 terms
Chapter 9 Cellular Reproduction
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
process of growing and dividing
cell grows and replicates DNA
cell's nucleus divides
cell's cytoplasm divides
cell cycle
process of growing and dividing
interphase
cell grows and replicates DNA
43 terms
Mitosis Chapter 9
Mitosis
Interphase
Sister Chromatids
Chromosomes
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
A period between two mitotic or meiotic divisions during whic…
Replicated forms of a chromosome joined together by the centr…
Condensed Chromatin. A threadlike, gene-carrying structure fo…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Interphase
A period between two mitotic or meiotic divisions during whic…
Chapter 9: Mitosis Vocab
cell cycle
chromatin
chromosome
cytokinesis
the reproduction of cells by growing and dividing
the relaxed form of DNA in the cell's nucleus
the structures that contain the genetic material that is pass…
the method by which a cell's cytoplasm divides, creating a ne…
cell cycle
the reproduction of cells by growing and dividing
chromatin
the relaxed form of DNA in the cell's nucleus
20 terms
Chapter 9 - Mitosis
Mitosis
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Prophase
Process of cell division / reproduction
Cycle of a cell's life (interphase and mitosis)
Stage of cell cycle where cell is preparing for mitosis; long…
First and longest stage of mitosis
Mitosis
Process of cell division / reproduction
Cell Cycle
Cycle of a cell's life (interphase and mitosis)
26 terms
chapter 9- mitosis
cell division
cell cycle
genome
DNA
reproduction of cells ( enables multicellular eukaryotes to d…
life of a cell from time it's first formed from a dividing pa…
a cell's endowment of DNA, has instructions for cell
wrapped around proteins, packed into chromosomes
cell division
reproduction of cells ( enables multicellular eukaryotes to d…
cell cycle
life of a cell from time it's first formed from a dividing pa…
Chapter 9 Mitosis
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
how cells reproduce in a cycle of growing and dividing
the stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
the stage of the cell cycle during which the cells nucleus an…
the method by which a cell's cytoplasm divides, creating a ne…
cell cycle
how cells reproduce in a cycle of growing and dividing
interphase
the stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
50 terms
Mitosis! Chapter 9
mitosis
meiosis
location of meiosis in humans
diploid
creation of somatic cells and asexual reproduction... diploid to…
creation of gametes for sexual reproduction... diploid to haploi…
testes and ovaries
full copy of genetic material... contains 2 of each gene
mitosis
creation of somatic cells and asexual reproduction... diploid to…
meiosis
creation of gametes for sexual reproduction... diploid to haploi…
30 terms
Chapter 9: Mitosis
Deoxyribose acid
Nucleotide
Sugar- phosphate backbone
Nitrogenous base
Primary information bearing molecule of life. Two chains of n…
Nitrogenous base attached to a five carbon sugar( ribose) and…
Like a twisted ladder, two sugar phosphate strands spiral aro…
Adenine, thymine, guanine, cytosine
Deoxyribose acid
Primary information bearing molecule of life. Two chains of n…
Nucleotide
Nitrogenous base attached to a five carbon sugar( ribose) and…
Chapter 9- Mitosis
Cell Division
Multicellular organisms depend on cell…
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Continuity of life is based on this, the reproduction of cells
1. Development from a fertilized egg... 2. Growth... 3. Repair
Formatting life from own cell division.
Daughter cells with identical DNA, division of the nucleus
Cell Division
Continuity of life is based on this, the reproduction of cells
Multicellular organisms depend on cell…
1. Development from a fertilized egg... 2. Growth... 3. Repair
14 terms
chapter 9: mitosis vocabulary
chromosome
sex chromosome
autosome
histone
structures in the nucleus that contain dna, the genetic mater…
x or y chromosome, determined and individual gender, xx= fema…
chromosome that is not a sex chromosome, 22 pairs of chromoso…
dna coils around histones to form nucleosomes
chromosome
structures in the nucleus that contain dna, the genetic mater…
sex chromosome
x or y chromosome, determined and individual gender, xx= fema…
7 terms
Chapter 9 (mitosis)
Prophase
Sister chromatid
Centromere
Spindle apparatus
First stage of mitosis, Centrioles move apart, mitotic spindl…
two identical copies formed by the replication of a single ch…
The middle of the chromosome and where the microtubles attach
The cytoskeletal structure of eukaryotic cells that forms dur…
Prophase
First stage of mitosis, Centrioles move apart, mitotic spindl…
Sister chromatid
two identical copies formed by the replication of a single ch…
mitosis chapter 9
process of cell division
cell divisions
Somatic cell
homologous chromosomes
growth, replace, repairs
Basic Principle - animal and humanic cells
has two sets of similar (homologous) chromosomes
have genes that control the same traits but are not identical
process of cell division
growth, replace, repairs
cell divisions
Basic Principle - animal and humanic cells
Mitosis Vocab Chapter 9
ana
aster
carcino
centr
back, backwards
star
cancer
center
ana
back, backwards
aster
star
27 terms
Chapter 9 - Mitosis
mitosis
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
the stage during which the cell's nucleus and nuclear materia…
-the chromatin tightens... -sister chromatids are attached at th…
-sister chromatids are pulled along the spindle apparatus tow…
-the microtubules of the spindle apparatus begin to shorten... -…
mitosis
the stage during which the cell's nucleus and nuclear materia…
prophase
-the chromatin tightens... -sister chromatids are attached at th…
19 terms
Chapter 9 Mitosis
cell cycle
chromatin
chromosome
cytokenesis
process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell
DNA-containing structure that carries genetic material from o…
third main stage of the cell cycle, during which the cell's c…
cell cycle
process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
chromatin
relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell
7 terms
Chapter 9 vocab + mitosis
Histone
Chromatid
Chromosome
Centromere
A special protein molecule that DNA wraps around during chrom…
One of two identical parts of a chromosome
DNA in a coiled, rod-shaped form that occurs during cell divi…
The structure formed where chromatids join
Histone
A special protein molecule that DNA wraps around during chrom…
Chromatid
One of two identical parts of a chromosome
Chapter 9- Mitosis review
Describe the structural organization o…
List the phases of the cell cycle; des…
List the phases of mitosis and describ…
Describe the mitotic spindle, include…
Prokaryotic genomes are found in a single strand of DNA in a…
In the G1 Phase, all cellular contents of the cell, excluding…
In Mitosis, the DNA is replicated during the S phase of Mitos…
The mitotic spindle begins to form in the cytoplasm during pr…
Describe the structural organization o…
Prokaryotic genomes are found in a single strand of DNA in a…
List the phases of the cell cycle; des…
In the G1 Phase, all cellular contents of the cell, excluding…
33 terms
chapter 9 mitosis
Why do cells need to be small
volume
GAP 1 phase... S phase... GAP 2 phase... Propha…
interphase
It would take too long for oxygen and nutrients to get to the…
Which increases at a faster rate the volume or the surface ar…
lists steps in order
DNA is unwound ... Chromosomes are not visible
Why do cells need to be small
It would take too long for oxygen and nutrients to get to the…
volume
Which increases at a faster rate the volume or the surface ar…
Chapter 9 - Mitosis
Prophase, Prometaphase, Metaphase, Ana…
cell cycle
with mitosis, with meiosis
mitosis or meiosis + cytokenisis
What are the steps of mitosis?
the entire life of the cell - starting in interphase, going t…
What are the two ways in which the cell cycle can occur?
Cell division = ?
Prophase, Prometaphase, Metaphase, Ana…
What are the steps of mitosis?
cell cycle
the entire life of the cell - starting in interphase, going t…
25 terms
Chapter 9- Mitosis
Somatic Cells
Reproductive Cells
Gametes
Mitosis
Body cells (Full, Diploid) Each somatic cell has two sets of…
Gametes. Each productive cell has only one set of chromosomes…
Male- Sperm, produced by testes.... Female- Eggs, produced by ov…
Somatic cell division in which each resulting cell gets two c…
Somatic Cells
Body cells (Full, Diploid) Each somatic cell has two sets of…
Reproductive Cells
Gametes. Each productive cell has only one set of chromosomes…
Chapter 9 - Mitosis
Genome
Chromosome
Chromatin
Somatic cells
a cell's endowment of DNA, its genetic information.
structures in which DNA molecules are packaged.
the entire complex of DNA and proteins that is the building m…
all body cells except the reproductive cells.
Genome
a cell's endowment of DNA, its genetic information.
Chromosome
structures in which DNA molecules are packaged.
1 of 10