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Study sets matching "reproduction development"

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Study sets matching "reproduction development"

25 terms
Reproduction and Development
Asexual reproduction
Cloning
Development
Differentiation
A method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to…
A technique used to make identical organisms
The changes that occur from the fertilized egg to a complete…
The process that transforms developing cells into specialized…
Asexual reproduction
A method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to…
Cloning
A technique used to make identical organisms
10 terms
Reproduction / Development
fertilization
zygote
blastocyst
implantation
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female haplo…
the fertilized egg cell
A tiny "blob" of cells that develops about 6 days after ferti…
the developing blastocyst attaches to the wall of the uterus…
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female haplo…
zygote
the fertilized egg cell
38 terms
LE Reproduction & Development
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
mitosis
meiosis
reproduction involving one parent cell. Creates identical cop…
reproduction involving the fusion of two gametes, which each…
type of cell division that produces two daughter cells geneti…
type of cell division that produces four daughter cells that…
asexual reproduction
reproduction involving one parent cell. Creates identical cop…
sexual reproduction
reproduction involving the fusion of two gametes, which each…
142 terms
Reproduction and Development
2 Hormones ovary makes and what they do
2 Hormones pituitary gland makes
2 hormones that peak the first 14 days…
2 hormones that peak the last 14 days…
Estrogen and progesterone, secondary sexual characteristics a…
FSH and LH
FSH and LH
estrogen and progesterone
2 Hormones ovary makes and what they do
Estrogen and progesterone, secondary sexual characteristics a…
2 Hormones pituitary gland makes
FSH and LH
35 terms
Reproduction and Development
species
development
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
group of organisms that share certain characteristics and can…
period of time in which an individual organism grows and beco…
involves one parent and results in one or more offspring that…
involves 2 parents and creates offspring with some genetic ma…
species
group of organisms that share certain characteristics and can…
development
period of time in which an individual organism grows and beco…
14 terms
Reproduction & Development
Estrogen
Gamete
Meiosis
Testosterone
Female sex hormone
a sex cell; sperm and egg; contains half of genetic material…
Type of cell division that produces sex cells
Male sex hormone
Estrogen
Female sex hormone
Gamete
a sex cell; sperm and egg; contains half of genetic material…
10 terms
Reproduction & Development
Fertilization
Zygote
Testes
Ovary
The joining of a sperm and egg
Formed when fertilization occurs
Where sperm are produced
Where eggs are produced
Fertilization
The joining of a sperm and egg
Zygote
Formed when fertilization occurs
8 terms
Reproduction & Development
Asexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Sexual Reproduction
Gene
the process by which an organism produces a new, genetically…
a single long molecule of DNA wound around proteins called hi…
the process by which organisms produce a new, genetically uni…
a segment of DNA that directs the development of some inherit…
Asexual Reproduction
the process by which an organism produces a new, genetically…
Chromosome
a single long molecule of DNA wound around proteins called hi…
20 terms
Reproduction and Development
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Growth
Gamete
Creating genetically identical offspring with one parent
Creating genetically different offspring with two parents
Increase the size or number of cells of an organism.
sex cell
Asexual Reproduction
Creating genetically identical offspring with one parent
Sexual Reproduction
Creating genetically different offspring with two parents
31 terms
Reproduction and Development
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
egg
sperm
process of reproduction in which a single parent produces off…
reproduction in which two sex cells join to form a zygote; se…
a sex cell (gamete) produced by female
a sex cell (gamete) produced by male
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction in which a single parent produces off…
sexual reproduction
reproduction in which two sex cells join to form a zygote; se…
61 terms
Reproduction and Development
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Gamete
Sperm
offspring are produced without the fusion of gametes. genetic…
offspring are produced by the fusion of gametes. not genetica…
Sex cell
Male gamete
Asexual reproduction
offspring are produced without the fusion of gametes. genetic…
Sexual reproduction
offspring are produced by the fusion of gametes. not genetica…
28 terms
Development Reproduction
What are the 3 periods of development?
When is fertilization most likely to o…
What are the steps for egg maturation?
Primordial Follicle
Prembryonic = weeks 1-2... Embryonic = weeks 3-8... Fetal = weeks 9…
within 2-3 day period just prior to ovulation
1. naked oogonia... 2. primordial follicle... 3. primary follicle... 4…
oocyte is arrested in diplotene phase of prophase in meiosis.…
What are the 3 periods of development?
Prembryonic = weeks 1-2... Embryonic = weeks 3-8... Fetal = weeks 9…
When is fertilization most likely to o…
within 2-3 day period just prior to ovulation
12 terms
Reproduction and Development
What is asexual reproduction?
What is sexual reproduction?
What is fertilization?
What is the male sex cell?
Reproducing with identical DNA (cloning)
2 Sex cells combine to begin the development of a new individ…
When sperm and egg meet; the end result is a fertilized egg,…
Sperm
What is asexual reproduction?
Reproducing with identical DNA (cloning)
What is sexual reproduction?
2 Sex cells combine to begin the development of a new individ…
34 terms
Reproduction & Development
asexual reproduction
centromere
chromatid
clone
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
The central portion of the chromosome to which the spindle fi…
one half of a duplicated chromosome
An organism that is genetically identical to the organism fro…
asexual reproduction
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
centromere
The central portion of the chromosome to which the spindle fi…
36 terms
Reproduction & Development
Mitosis
Centrioles
Spindle Fibers
Cytokinisis
cell division that results in 2 daughter cells that are ident…
cylindrical organelle near the nucleus; involved in the devel…
protein structure that divides genetic material in a cell
cytoplasmic division of a cell and the end of either mitosis…
Mitosis
cell division that results in 2 daughter cells that are ident…
Centrioles
cylindrical organelle near the nucleus; involved in the devel…
19 terms
Reproduction & Development
Asexual
Budding
Sexual
Spermatogenesis
A term describing organisms that reproduce by making genetic…
A form of asexual reproduction in which new organisms remain…
A term describing organisms that reproduce by combining their…
The process in which 4 similar sperm cells (though varying ge…
Asexual
A term describing organisms that reproduce by making genetic…
Budding
A form of asexual reproduction in which new organisms remain…
36 terms
Reproduction & Development
mitosis
centrioles
spindle fibers
cytokinesis
process by which a cell divides and 2 daughter cells are form…
involved in cell division; develops spindle fibers and comes…
a protein structure that divides the genetic material in a cell
the physical process of cell division; divides the cytoplasm…
mitosis
process by which a cell divides and 2 daughter cells are form…
centrioles
involved in cell division; develops spindle fibers and comes…
36 terms
Reproduction & Development
mitosis
centrioles
spindle fiber
cytokenesis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
a minute cylindrical organelle near the nucleus in animal cel…
Special microtubules made of proteins which connect to centro…
division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter cells
mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
centrioles
a minute cylindrical organelle near the nucleus in animal cel…
30 terms
Reproduction & Development
Embryo
Zygote
Cleavage
Morula
Multicellular organism in the early stages of development. Fe…
Fertilized Egg
Zygote undergoes a series of mitotic divisions
Solid ball of cells
Embryo
Multicellular organism in the early stages of development. Fe…
Zygote
Fertilized Egg
41 terms
Reproduction & Development
Stages of menstrual cycle
Flow Phase
Follicular Phase
Luteal Phase
Flow Phase... Follicular Phase... Luteal Phase
Endometrium sheds
Ovulation occurs
Corpus luteum forms
Stages of menstrual cycle
Flow Phase... Follicular Phase... Luteal Phase
Flow Phase
Endometrium sheds
36 terms
Reproduction & Development
Mitosis
Centrioles
Spindle Fibers
Cytokinesis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in animal cells only
help pull apart the cell during replication and are made up o…
The division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter c…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Centrioles
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in animal cells only
39 terms
Reproduction & Development
Male Reproductive System
Testes
Scrotum
Vas Deferens
serves to produce sperm and introduce them into the female body
Organ that produces sperm and testosterone hormone ... Testes m…
External sac that contains the testes.... Keeps Testes warm (35…
Tube that carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra
Male Reproductive System
serves to produce sperm and introduce them into the female body
Testes
Organ that produces sperm and testosterone hormone ... Testes m…
36 terms
Reproduction & Development
mitosis
centrioles
spindle fibers
cytokenisis
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in animal cells only
help pull apart the cell during replication and are made up o…
the division of the cytoplasm to form two seperate daughter c…
mitosis
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
centrioles
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in animal cells only
35 terms
Reproduction & Development
mitosis
centrioles
spindle fibers
cytokenesis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in animal cells only
Made of microtubules, these assist in cell division
division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter cells
mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
centrioles
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in animal cells only
36 terms
Reproduction & Development
mitosis
centrioles
spindle fibers
cytokinesis
Cell division resulting in two daughter cells
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in animal cells only
Special microtubules made of proteins which connect to centro…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
mitosis
Cell division resulting in two daughter cells
centrioles
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in animal cells only
36 terms
Reproduction & Development
Mitosis
Centrioles
Spindle Fibers
Cytokinesis
A type of cell division that results in two daughter cells ea…
Structure in an animal cell that helps to organize cell divis…
Made of microtubules that connect centrioles to kinetochores…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
Mitosis
A type of cell division that results in two daughter cells ea…
Centrioles
Structure in an animal cell that helps to organize cell divis…
28 terms
Reproduction & Development
parthenogenesis
asexual reproduction advantages
types of asexual reproduction
fission
process in which the egg develops without being fertilized an…
◦ enables animals living in isolation to reproduce... ◦ numerous…
◦ fission... ◦budding... ◦fragmentation... ◦parthenogenesis
separation of an organism into two new cells (asexual reprodu…
parthenogenesis
process in which the egg develops without being fertilized an…
asexual reproduction advantages
◦ enables animals living in isolation to reproduce... ◦ numerous…
12 terms
Reproduction and Development
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Mitosis
Growth
Creating genetically identical offspring with one parent
Creating genetically different offspring with two parents
Cell division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cells…
Increase the size or number of cells of an organism.
Asexual Reproduction
Creating genetically identical offspring with one parent
Sexual Reproduction
Creating genetically different offspring with two parents
26 terms
Reproduction and Development
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
sperm
egg
a method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to…
a method of reproduction that involves two parents producing…
the male sex cell
a sex cell produced by a female
asexual reproduction
a method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to…
sexual reproduction
a method of reproduction that involves two parents producing…
25 terms
Reproduction and Development
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
sperm
egg
a method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to…
a method of reproduction that involves two parents producing…
the male sex cell
a sex cell produced by a female
asexual reproduction
a method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to…
sexual reproduction
a method of reproduction that involves two parents producing…
38 terms
Reproduction and development
Parthenogenesis (AS)
Asexual Reproduction
Fission (AS)
Budding (AS)
A process in which the egg develops without being fertilized…
1. It enables animals living in isolation to reproduce withou…
The separation of an organism into two new cells. (Amoeba, ba…
Involves the splitting off of new individuals from existing o…
Parthenogenesis (AS)
A process in which the egg develops without being fertilized…
Asexual Reproduction
1. It enables animals living in isolation to reproduce withou…
11 terms
Reproduction and Development
Centromere
Prophase
metaphase
anaphase
center of the chromosome
where chromosomes are formed
where the chromosomes line up
where the chromosomes pull apart
Centromere
center of the chromosome
Prophase
where chromosomes are formed
47 terms
Reproduction and Development
hermaphrodites
fish and amphibian reproduction
reptiles reproduction
birds reproduction
having both male and female reproductive organs... - earthworm
-external fertilization... -external development... - many eggs... - n…
-internal fertilization... - external development in egg... - few e…
- internal fertilization... - external development in egg... - few…
hermaphrodites
having both male and female reproductive organs... - earthworm
fish and amphibian reproduction
-external fertilization... -external development... - many eggs... - n…
45 terms
Reproduction and Development
Male Reproductive System
Female Reproductive System
Sexual Reproduction and Variation
Gametogenesis in a Male
- Production of sperm (meiosis, spermatogenesis) ... - Pathway o…
- Production of ova (meiosis, oogenesis) ... - Pathway of ova (m…
- Sexual reproduction variation among offspring (F1) ... - F1 ob…
1. Spermatogonium... 2.Primary Spermatocyte... 3. Secondary Spermat…
Male Reproductive System
- Production of sperm (meiosis, spermatogenesis) ... - Pathway o…
Female Reproductive System
- Production of ova (meiosis, oogenesis) ... - Pathway of ova (m…
36 terms
Reproduction and Development
Mitosis
Centrioles
Spindle fibers
Cytokenesis
Cellular reproduction by means of the cell splitting.
Organelles that attach themselves to chromosomes and aid in m…
Fibers that allow the centrioles to attach themselves to the…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division.
Mitosis
Cellular reproduction by means of the cell splitting.
Centrioles
Organelles that attach themselves to chromosomes and aid in m…
36 terms
Reproduction and Development
Mitosis
Centiroles
Spindle Fibers
Cytokinesis
The replication of cells to create tow identical daughter cel…
Shoots out spindle fibers to split cells in half, including c…
Pulls cells like chromosomes in half, making monoploids.
The physical process of the cells splitting into daughter cel…
Mitosis
The replication of cells to create tow identical daughter cel…
Centiroles
Shoots out spindle fibers to split cells in half, including c…
110 terms
Reproduction and Development
Gametes
Homlogous Chromosomes
Number of Chromosomes in Human Body Cell
Karyotype
Haploid(s), sex cells that are within the reproductive organs
Two Chromosomes, one inherited from the mother and other from…
23 pairs of chromosomes make up each cell of the human body
Picture(s) of all of the chromosomes in a cell arranged accor…
Gametes
Haploid(s), sex cells that are within the reproductive organs
Homlogous Chromosomes
Two Chromosomes, one inherited from the mother and other from…
110 terms
Reproduction and Development
Gametes
Homlogous Chromosomes
Number of Chromosomes in Human Body Cell
Karyotype
Haploid(s), sex cells that are within the reproductive organs
Two Chromosomes, one inherited from the mother and other from…
23 pairs of chromosomes make up each cell of the human body
Picture(s) of all of the chromosomes in a cell arranged accor…
Gametes
Haploid(s), sex cells that are within the reproductive organs
Homlogous Chromosomes
Two Chromosomes, one inherited from the mother and other from…
31 terms
Reproduction + Development
Animal, Fertilization, Development, #…
Advantages of Asexual Reproduction
Types of Asexual Reproduction
Testes
Fish- External- External- many- none... Amphibian- External- Ext…
- reproduce without a mate... - numerous offspring... - no expendit…
Fission- separation of organism into 2 new cells (bacteria)... B…
male gonads-- the site of sperm formation
Animal, Fertilization, Development, #…
Fish- External- External- many- none... Amphibian- External- Ext…
Advantages of Asexual Reproduction
- reproduce without a mate... - numerous offspring... - no expendit…
61 terms
reproduction and development
_________ hermaphroditism is born one…
what are the male gonads?
the ______ is the site of sperm and ho…
androgen (e.g. testosterone) in males…
sequential
testes (singular = testis)
testies
interstitial (cells)
_________ hermaphroditism is born one…
sequential
what are the male gonads?
testes (singular = testis)
10 terms
Reproduction and Development
Growth
Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Asexual Reproduction
the process of increasing in physical size
is the biological process by which new individual organisms -…
two parents contribute genetic information to produce unique…
generates offspring that are genetically identical to a singl…
Growth
the process of increasing in physical size
Reproduction
is the biological process by which new individual organisms -…
21 terms
Reproduction and Development
sex cell (gamete)
fertilization
Zygote
Internal fertilization
...
...
...
...
sex cell (gamete)
...
fertilization
...
26 terms
Reproduction and Development
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
4 stages of development
fertilization
-stable conditions... -less energy... -identical offspring
-varying conditions... -more energy... -variable offspring
1. fertilization... 2. cleavage... 3. Gastrulation... 4. Neurulation
sperm nucleus fuses with he egg nucleus and creates a zygote-…
asexual reproduction
-stable conditions... -less energy... -identical offspring
sexual reproduction
-varying conditions... -more energy... -variable offspring
26 terms
Reproduction and Development
asexual reproduction
cloning
development
differentiation
a method of reproduction in whch all the genes passed on to t…
a technique used to make identical organisms
the changes that occur from the fertilized egg to a complete…
the process that transforms developing cells into specialized…
asexual reproduction
a method of reproduction in whch all the genes passed on to t…
cloning
a technique used to make identical organisms
28 terms
Reproduction and development
parthenogenesis
hermaphrodites
asexual reproduction
fission
process in which the egg develops without being fertilized an…
can mate with any animal of their species (both animals act a…
produces offspring that are genetically identical to the parent
separation of an organism into two cells
parthenogenesis
process in which the egg develops without being fertilized an…
hermaphrodites
can mate with any animal of their species (both animals act a…
17 terms
Reproduction and Development
Asexual reproduction
egg
embryo
Estrogen
method of reproduction in which all genes passed on to the of…
Female gamete produced by ovary
organism in the early stages of development (prior to birth)
Female hormone produced by ovaries that controls female sexua…
Asexual reproduction
method of reproduction in which all genes passed on to the of…
egg
Female gamete produced by ovary
23 terms
Reproduction and Development
species
essential
development
asexual reproduction
a group of similar organisms that can produce offspring (make…
absolutely necessary
growth into an adult
only one parent produces offspring which is an identical copy…
species
a group of similar organisms that can produce offspring (make…
essential
absolutely necessary
34 terms
Reproduction and Development
parthenogenesis
process of sex reproduction
advantages of asex reproduction
fission
egg develops without being fertilized and the adults that res…
zygote goes through cleave, gastrulation, organogenesis
enables animals living in isolation to reproduce without a ma…
separation of an organism into two new cells (amoeba, bacteria)
parthenogenesis
egg develops without being fertilized and the adults that res…
process of sex reproduction
zygote goes through cleave, gastrulation, organogenesis
Reproduction and Development
Mitosis
Asexual Reproduction
Binary Fission
Gamete
nuclear division in a cell
-Offspring/new organism are produced from 1 parent... -Offspring…
-Division of the complete organism into two equal parts... -Type…
-Produced by meiosis... -sex cells (egg or sperm)
Mitosis
nuclear division in a cell
Asexual Reproduction
-Offspring/new organism are produced from 1 parent... -Offspring…
24 terms
Reproduction and Development
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
sperm
egg
a method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to…
a method of reproduction that involves two parents producing…
the male sex cell
a sex cell produced by a female
asexual reproduction
a method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to…
sexual reproduction
a method of reproduction that involves two parents producing…
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