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Study sets matching "reproduction meiosis"

23 terms
Sexual reproduction and Meiosis
Prophase I
Metaphase I
Anaphase I
Telophase I
The first phase of meiosis I. the replicated chromosomes cond…
The second phase of meiosis I. the paired homologous chromsom…
The third phase of meiosis I. During anaphase I the rplicated…
The fourth of meiosis I. the number of chromosoms is now redu…
Prophase I
The first phase of meiosis I. the replicated chromosomes cond…
Metaphase I
The second phase of meiosis I. the paired homologous chromsom…
16 terms
Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction
Homologous Chromosome
Sister Chromatids
Centromere
Somatic Cell
A couple of homologous chromosomes is a set of one maternal c…
A sister chromatid refers to either of the two identical copi…
The centromere is the part of a chromosome that links sister…
A somatic (Greek: σὠμα/soma = body) or vegetative cell is any…
Homologous Chromosome
A couple of homologous chromosomes is a set of one maternal c…
Sister Chromatids
A sister chromatid refers to either of the two identical copi…
13 terms
6.G Meiosis & sexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Meiosis
Gametes
Homologous Chromosomes
A form of reproduction that requires each organism to provide…
A type of cellular division that results in 4 genetically uni…
Sex cells (egg and sperm) produced from a somatic germ cells
Chromosomes that code for the same genes (1 from mom, 1 from…
Sexual reproduction
A form of reproduction that requires each organism to provide…
Meiosis
A type of cellular division that results in 4 genetically uni…
45 terms
Biology Mitosis, Meiosis, Reproduction
Meiosis
Diploid
Haploid
Gametes
A type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosome…
A cell that contains 2n number of chromosomes.
A cell with n number of chromosomes. Comes from the Greek wor…
Sex cells that have half the number of chromosomes. Each game…
Meiosis
A type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosome…
Diploid
A cell that contains 2n number of chromosomes.
22 terms
Reproduction and Meiosis
What is a characterstic that all livin…
How does it benefit?
What is asexual reproduction?
What are examples of unicellular divis…
Reproduction
It only benefits the species
Unicellular division
Binary fission and unicellular budding
What is a characterstic that all livin…
Reproduction
How does it benefit?
It only benefits the species
23 terms
Reproduction and Meiosis
describe two differences between asexu…
What specialized cells are critical to…
what is half of a chromosome called?
how are sister chromatids related?
asexual: requires 1 partner, NO genetic variation ... sexual: re…
Gametes; because they control traits such as gender.
sister chromatid
they are exactly the same
describe two differences between asexu…
asexual: requires 1 partner, NO genetic variation ... sexual: re…
What specialized cells are critical to…
Gametes; because they control traits such as gender.
29 terms
Cell Reproduction- Mitosis/Meiosis
Metaphase
Prophase
Anaphase
Telephase
Name this phase:
Name this phase:
Name this phase:
Name this phase:
Metaphase
Name this phase:
Prophase
Name this phase:
24 terms
Meiosis & Human Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
egg
sperm
gamete
Cells from two different parents combine to produce a new org…
Female sex cell
Male sex cell
haploid sex cells (sperm & egg)
Sexual Reproduction
Cells from two different parents combine to produce a new org…
egg
Female sex cell
45 terms
Biology Mitosis, Meiosis, Reproduction
Meiosis
Diploid
Haploid
Gametes
A type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosome…
A cell that contains 2n number of chromosomes.
A cell with n number of chromosomes. Comes from the Greek wor…
Sex cells that have half the number of chromosomes. Each game…
Meiosis
A type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosome…
Diploid
A cell that contains 2n number of chromosomes.
23 terms
Sexual reproduction and Meiosis
Prophase I
Metaphase I
Anaphase I
Telophase I
The first phase of meiosis I. the replicated chromosomes cond…
The second phase of meiosis I. the paired homologous chromsom…
The third phase of meiosis I. During anaphase I the rplicated…
The fourth of meiosis I. the number of chromosoms is now redu…
Prophase I
The first phase of meiosis I. the replicated chromosomes cond…
Metaphase I
The second phase of meiosis I. the paired homologous chromsom…
11 terms
Mitosis Meiosis & Reproduction
mitosis
interphase
prophase
metaphase
process of cell division where 2 identical cells are made
when the DNA in the chromosomes gets duplicated or copied
duplicated chromosomes pair up
chromosomes move to the middle, or equator
mitosis
process of cell division where 2 identical cells are made
interphase
when the DNA in the chromosomes gets duplicated or copied
9 terms
sexual reproduction and Meiosis
sexual reproduction
egg
sperm
fertilization
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
Female sex cell
Male sex cell
The joining of an egg and a sperm
sexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
egg
Female sex cell
33 terms
Meiosis-Cell Reproduction
RNA
DNA
Genes
Meiosis
A type of nucleic acid consisting of nucleotide monomer with…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
DNA segments that serve as the key functional units in heredi…
A type of cell division that results in two daughter cells, e…
RNA
A type of nucleic acid consisting of nucleotide monomer with…
DNA
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
31 terms
Sexual Reproduction - Meiosis
chromosome
Gene
allele
Haploid (1n)
Cell structures that carry the genetic material that is copie…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An alternative form of a gene. (A,a)
Contain 1 copy of each chromosome; created by meiosis in plan…
chromosome
Cell structures that carry the genetic material that is copie…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
11 terms
Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Somatic Cell
Allele
Meiosis
reproductive mode by which offspring arise from two parents a…
relating to the body cell
form of a gene that encodes slightly different versions of th…
nuclear division process that halves the chromosome number (b…
Sexual Reproduction
reproductive mode by which offspring arise from two parents a…
Somatic Cell
relating to the body cell
45 terms
Biology Mitosis, Meiosis, Reproduction
Meiosis
Diploid
Haploid
Gametes
A type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosome…
A cell that contains 2n number of chromosomes.
A cell with n number of chromosomes. Comes from the Greek wor…
Sex cells that have half the number of chromosomes. Each game…
Meiosis
A type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosome…
Diploid
A cell that contains 2n number of chromosomes.
23 terms
Sexual reproduction and Meiosis
Prophase I
Metaphase I
Anaphase I
Telophase I
The first phase of meiosis I. the replicated chromosomes cond…
The second phase of meiosis I. the paired homologous chromsom…
The third phase of meiosis I. During anaphase I the rplicated…
The fourth of meiosis I. the number of chromosoms is now redu…
Prophase I
The first phase of meiosis I. the replicated chromosomes cond…
Metaphase I
The second phase of meiosis I. the paired homologous chromsom…
Mitosis, Meiosis and Cell Reproduction
Prophase I
Metaphase I
Anaphase I
Telophase I
1. Chromatin winds up into chromosomes ... 2. Homologous chromos…
1. Tetrads line up along the center of the cell.
1. Spindle Fibers and Centrioles pull Tetrads apart.
1. Chromosomes unwind into Chromatin... 2. Two Nuclear Envelopes…
Prophase I
1. Chromatin winds up into chromosomes ... 2. Homologous chromos…
Metaphase I
1. Tetrads line up along the center of the cell.
8 terms
Cell Reproduction (and Meiosis)
Hapliod
Asexual
Sexual
Somatic Cell
Half the chromosomes ... (In humans 23)
1 Parent ... Identical Offspring... Mitosis
2 parents ... Variation in Offspring ... Meiosis
Body Cell ... Asexual
Hapliod
Half the chromosomes ... (In humans 23)
Asexual
1 Parent ... Identical Offspring... Mitosis
25 terms
Meiosis/Sexual Reproduction
Gamete
Karyotype
Gene
Autosomes
A haploid sex cell; egg or sperm
a diagram of chromosomes arranged by size
a section of DNA that codes for a protein
chromosomes that carry traits other than determining the sex…
Gamete
A haploid sex cell; egg or sperm
Karyotype
a diagram of chromosomes arranged by size
10 terms
Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction
Stem Cells
Cancer
Meiosis
Haploid
An undifferentiated cell of a multicellular organism that is…
A disease in which abnormal cells divide uncontrollably and d…
Reduction division process, occurring only in reproductive ce…
cell with half the number of chromosomes (n).
Stem Cells
An undifferentiated cell of a multicellular organism that is…
Cancer
A disease in which abnormal cells divide uncontrollably and d…
Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction
meiosis
gamate
haploid
zygote
A process in cell division during which the number of chromos…
A haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid…
Describes a cell, nucleus, or organism that has only one set…
A cell that results from a fusion of gametes; a fertilized egg.
meiosis
A process in cell division during which the number of chromos…
gamate
A haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid…
16 terms
Reproduction and Meiosis Quiz
diploid
haploid
somatic cells
gametes
2 sets of chromosomes in each cell
1 set of chromosomes in each cell
body cells; not egg or sperm
reproductive cells; egg or sperm
diploid
2 sets of chromosomes in each cell
haploid
1 set of chromosomes in each cell
29 terms
Unit 9-Reproduction and Meiosis
Asexual Reproduction
Advantages of Asexual Reproduction
Disadvantage of Asexual Reproduction
Budding
Requires only one parent, makes clones
More efficient, individuals don't need to find mates, can rep…
No genetic diversity, all individuals in the population are v…
Offspring grows out of the body of the parent
Asexual Reproduction
Requires only one parent, makes clones
Advantages of Asexual Reproduction
More efficient, individuals don't need to find mates, can rep…
29 terms
Sexual Reproduction & Meiosis
sexual reproduction
egg
sperm
fertilization
type of reproduction in which the genetic materials from 2 di…
female sex cell, forms in ovary
male sex cell, forms in testis
a process where an egg cell and a sperm cell join together to…
sexual reproduction
type of reproduction in which the genetic materials from 2 di…
egg
female sex cell, forms in ovary
16 terms
Meiosis (sexual reproduction)
reproduce
gamete
sperm
fertilization
produce (make) babies
sex cells ... (female gamete = egg, male gamete = sperm)
the male gamete
when the female gamete (egg) and male gamete (sperm) unite to…
reproduce
produce (make) babies
gamete
sex cells ... (female gamete = egg, male gamete = sperm)
14 terms
7.3 Reproduction and Meiosis
asexual reproduction
crossing over
diploid
egg
reproduction that involves a single parent and results in off…
exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes w…
having two of each type of chromosome
female gamete
asexual reproduction
reproduction that involves a single parent and results in off…
crossing over
exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes w…
23 terms
Reproduction and Heredity: Meiosis
Prophase I
Metaphase I
Anaphase I
Telophase I & Cytokinesis
The chromosomes are copied before meiosis begins and homologo…
After the nuclear membrane breaks down, the homologous pairs…
The chromosomes separate from their homologous partners and m…
The nuclear membrane re-forms and cell divides into two cells…
Prophase I
The chromosomes are copied before meiosis begins and homologo…
Metaphase I
After the nuclear membrane breaks down, the homologous pairs…
26 terms
Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction
homologous
diploid
haploid
meiosis
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
(genetics) an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes…
An organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes
Cell division that produces gametes
homologous
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
diploid
(genetics) an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes…
15 terms
Meiosis and Reproductions
What is crossing over
What is the goal of Meiosis
How many rounds of cell division is th…
Mitosis replication make what
Chromosomes swap DNA for genetic variation
To make four haploid that are genetically different
Two
Exact copies of the parent cell
What is crossing over
Chromosomes swap DNA for genetic variation
What is the goal of Meiosis
To make four haploid that are genetically different
Mitosis, meiosis, and types of reproduction
Binary Fission
Sporulation
Budding
Vegetative Propogation
When 1 cell splits into 2
When spores are created and moved, usually by the wind. the s…
The parent cell divides into 2 unequal parts
When roots or leaves grow out, then grow a new plant when the…
Binary Fission
When 1 cell splits into 2
Sporulation
When spores are created and moved, usually by the wind. the s…
32 terms
Mrs. Nunn: Reproduction, Mitosis, and Meiosis
sperm cell
egg cell
haploid
diploid
male reproductive cell
female reproductive cell
having a single set of chromosomes
having two complete sets of chromosomes, one from each parent
sperm cell
male reproductive cell
egg cell
female reproductive cell
50 terms
Chapter 11: MEIOSIS & REPRODUCTION
MEIOSIS
Homologous Pairs of Chromosomes:
Chromosomes duplicate just before?
STEPS OF MEIOSIS:
Nuclear division reducing number from DIPLOID (2n) to HAPLOID…
In a diploid cell, Chromosomes occur in pairs.... Each set of ch…
nuclear division... (One member of the HP is inherited from the…
PMAT... TWICE
MEIOSIS
Nuclear division reducing number from DIPLOID (2n) to HAPLOID…
Homologous Pairs of Chromosomes:
In a diploid cell, Chromosomes occur in pairs.... Each set of ch…
Meiosis/Reproduction/Systems
Meiosis
Mitosis
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
a copying process that produces cells with half the usual num…
a cell copying process that produces two identical daughter c…
reproduction that involves one parents who produces offspring…
reproduction in which the sex cells from two parents unite to…
Meiosis
a copying process that produces cells with half the usual num…
Mitosis
a cell copying process that produces two identical daughter c…
9 terms
meiosis: cellular reproduction (images)
metaphase I
anaphase I
telophase I
prophase II
metaphase I
anaphase I
29 terms
Sexual Reproduction And Meiosis, Plant Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Egg cell
Sperm cell
fertilization
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
Female sex cell
the male reproductive cell
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Sexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
Egg cell
Female sex cell
14 terms
sexual reproduction and meiosis
sexual reproduction
egg
sperm
fertilization
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
Female sex cell
Male sex cell
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
sexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
egg
Female sex cell
8 terms
Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis
Sexual Reproduction
Egg
Sperm
Fertilization
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
Female sex cell
Male sex cell
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Sexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
Egg
Female sex cell
35 terms
Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction
Meiosis
gamates
homologous chromosome
alleles
making diploid into halploid... has 8 phases (4 in each)
sperm and egg
chromosomes of same type- one from mom and one from dad
varients that exist for a gene
Meiosis
making diploid into halploid... has 8 phases (4 in each)
gamates
sperm and egg
18 terms
Asexual Reproduction, Mitosis & Meiosis
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Species
Cloning
a method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to…
a method of reproduction that involves two parents to produce…
a group of organisms that share certain characteristics and c…
a technique used to make identical organisms
Asexual reproduction
a method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to…
Sexual reproduction
a method of reproduction that involves two parents to produce…
11 terms
Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis
sexual reproduction
sperm
egg
fertilization
a type of reproduction in which two sex cells, usually an egg…
haploid sex cells formed in the male reproductive organs; in…
haploid sex cell formed in the female reproductive organs
in sexual reproduction, the joining of a sperm and an egg
sexual reproduction
a type of reproduction in which two sex cells, usually an egg…
sperm
haploid sex cells formed in the male reproductive organs; in…
9 terms
Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis
sexual reproduction
egg
sperm
fertilization
reproduction, genetic materials from two different cells comb…
female sex cell
male sex cell
egg and sperm join together
sexual reproduction
reproduction, genetic materials from two different cells comb…
egg
female sex cell
8 terms
Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis
Sexual Reproduction
egg
sperm
fertilization
The production of an offspring that results when the genetic…
contains half of the genetic material
contains half of the genetic material
The fusing together of a sperm cell and an egg cell.
Sexual Reproduction
The production of an offspring that results when the genetic…
egg
contains half of the genetic material
sexual reproduction and meiosis
sexual reproduction
egg cell
sperm cell
fertilization
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
the female reproductive cell
the male reproductive cell
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
sexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
egg cell
the female reproductive cell
17 terms
Meiosis and Human Reproduction
Meiosis
Meiosis I
Meiosis II
Sources of Variation
- used to create gametes in sexually reproducing organisms.…
Prophase I ... - homologous chromosomes pair up to form a bivale…
Prophase II ... - new spindle develops at right angles to old sp…
Crossing Over... - homologous chromosomes swap genes of chiasmat…
Meiosis
- used to create gametes in sexually reproducing organisms.…
Meiosis I
Prophase I ... - homologous chromosomes pair up to form a bivale…
9 terms
Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction Vocabulary
Sexual reproduction
Egg
Sperm
Fertilization
Is a type of reproduction in which the genetic materials from…
The female sex cell is called an egg forms an ovary.
The male sex cell forms in testis.
During a process called fertilization an egg cell and a sperm…
Sexual reproduction
Is a type of reproduction in which the genetic materials from…
Egg
The female sex cell is called an egg forms an ovary.
12 terms
Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Fertilization
Zygote
(mitosis and binary fission) requires only one parent and off…
(meiosis) requires two parents
union of sperm and eggs
fertilized egg
Asexual reproduction
(mitosis and binary fission) requires only one parent and off…
Sexual reproduction
(meiosis) requires two parents
7 terms
Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis
sexual reproduction
egg and sperm
fertilization
zygote
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
female sex cell and male sex cell
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Fertilized egg
sexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
egg and sperm
female sex cell and male sex cell
89 terms
12 Meiosis Sexual reproduction
Asexual reproduction​... Growth in multic…
1) Interphase (G1, S, G2): most of cel…
Chromosome duplication and distributio…
a) Mitosis:​... Divide chromosomes (4 st…
Mitosis produces 2 cells genetically identical to the parent…
Stages in the Cell Cycle​
Stages of Mitosis​
Asexual reproduction​... Growth in multic…
Mitosis produces 2 cells genetically identical to the parent…
1) Interphase (G1, S, G2): most of cel…
Stages in the Cell Cycle​
13 terms
sexual reproduction and meiosis
sexual reproduction
egg
sperm
fertilization
is the production of an offspring that results when genetic m…
half of the genetic materials is contained in an egg cell
the another half is contained
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
sexual reproduction
is the production of an offspring that results when genetic m…
egg
half of the genetic materials is contained in an egg cell
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