Study sets matching "reproductive disorders surg"

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Study sets matching "reproductive disorders surg"

39 terms
Reproductive System Problems (Disorders, Cancers, Surgeries)
Menstrual Disorders
Dysmenorrhea
Primary Dysmenorrhea
Secondary Dysmenorrhea
Dysmenorrhea - painful... Menorrhagia - heavy... Metrorrhagia - i…
discomfort associated with menstrual flow... one of most common…
associated with excess prostaglandin... within 1st years after m…
acquired after adolescence... associated with pelvic pathology
Menstrual Disorders
Dysmenorrhea - painful... Menorrhagia - heavy... Metrorrhagia - i…
Dysmenorrhea
discomfort associated with menstrual flow... one of most common…
112 terms
Reproductive Surgery
Pyometra requires ________ secretion (…
what is the bacterial component of a p…
pyometra can progress to ?
pyometra is common in?
progesterone
e.coli 59-96%
SIRS secondary to endotoxemia
middle-aged bitches... anorexia, lethargy... PU/PD ... Vomiting,diarrhea
Pyometra requires ________ secretion (…
progesterone
what is the bacterial component of a p…
e.coli 59-96%
48 terms
Reproductive Surgery
What are some examples of common femal…
What are some characteristics of pyome…
What is the typical clinical picture o…
What is the treatment of choice for py…
-OHE... -C-section... -Mastectomy
-Progesterone secretion (diestrus 5-6 weeks post estrus)... -Bac…
-Middle aged bitches... -Anorexia... -Lethargy... -PU/PD... -Vomiting... -Di…
-OHE ... -Stabilize first, IV fluids... -Systemic antibiotics... -Long…
What are some examples of common femal…
-OHE... -C-section... -Mastectomy
What are some characteristics of pyome…
-Progesterone secretion (diestrus 5-6 weeks post estrus)... -Bac…
24 terms
Reproductive surgery
what is the most common bacterial comp…
what is the common signalment/CS for a…
what is the treatment of choice for a…
what are the 3 main indications for a…
E. coli
middle-aged bitches... anorexia, lethargy... PU/PD... V/D
OHE; use LONG incision
strong contractions > 30 mins... weak straining > 2 hours... > 4 ho…
what is the most common bacterial comp…
E. coli
what is the common signalment/CS for a…
middle-aged bitches... anorexia, lethargy... PU/PD... V/D
Reproductive Surgery
Pyometra
Closed Pyometra
Open Pyometra
Pyometra patients are generally what?…
Accumulation of pus in uterus
Cervix Closed. No discharge.
Pus is allowed to drain. Discharge can be seen.
Ill. Endotoxins can be released into bloodstream
Pyometra
Accumulation of pus in uterus
Closed Pyometra
Cervix Closed. No discharge.
Bull Reproductive Surgery
What is a good sedation agent for male…
What age bulls do we see penile warts/…
What causes penile warts/fibropapillom…
What is the difference between your dd…
Acepromazine
Young, 6-12 mo
Bovine papillomavirus
Horses... -Cancer(SCC, Sarcoid, Melanoma)... -Bad prognosis... Cattle…
What is a good sedation agent for male…
Acepromazine
What age bulls do we see penile warts/…
Young, 6-12 mo
102 terms
Reproductive Surgery
Which arteries must be ligated during…
From where does the uterine artery ari…
Which ligaments must be broken down du…
What is the proper ligament of the ova…
The ovarian pedicle and the uterine artery
The vaginal branch of the internal pudendal
The suspensory ligament and the broad ligament
The attachment between the ovary and the uterus
Which arteries must be ligated during…
The ovarian pedicle and the uterine artery
From where does the uterine artery ari…
The vaginal branch of the internal pudendal
Reproductive surgery
keys to successful repro surgery
surgical approaches
procedures on ovaries
ovariectomy- why do it?
maintain asepsis... regional anatomy knowledge... gentle soft tissu…
ventral midline... -can access entire abd cavity, ovary, uterus,…
ovarihysterectomy: ovary + uterus... ovariectomy: ovary only... o…
-population control... -reduce risk of mammary neoplasia... -elimin…
keys to successful repro surgery
maintain asepsis... regional anatomy knowledge... gentle soft tissu…
surgical approaches
ventral midline... -can access entire abd cavity, ovary, uterus,…
Reproductive disorders
premenstrual syndrome
erectile disfunction
miscarriage
endometriosis
where there are symptoms which occur during the luteal phase…
the inability to achieve an erection for satisfactory sexual…
a spontaneous end/aborting of a pregnancy before 20 weeks of…
when endometrial cells develop outside of the uterus, usually…
premenstrual syndrome
where there are symptoms which occur during the luteal phase…
erectile disfunction
the inability to achieve an erection for satisfactory sexual…
38 terms
FA Surgery: Female Reproductive Surgery
T/F: Rectovaginal lacterations are com…
What is a first degree rectovaginal la…
What is a second degree rectovaginal l…
What is a third degree rectovaginal la…
False - not very common
only the vaginal mucosa is torn
the vagina and perineal body are both affected
the vagina, perineal body, and rectum are all involved (yiker…
T/F: Rectovaginal lacterations are com…
False - not very common
What is a first degree rectovaginal la…
only the vaginal mucosa is torn
Reproductive Disorders
The patient is scheduled for a vaginal…
On the second postoperative day, a pat…
A patient tells the nurse that his wif…
A total abdominal hysterectomy with bi…
a lithotomy position, and the uterus is removed through the v…
Encouraging ambulation at least four times per day
"It is perfectly normal to want to talk about death. It is mo…
If the ovaries are removed in these surgeries, the surgery wi…
The patient is scheduled for a vaginal…
a lithotomy position, and the uterus is removed through the v…
On the second postoperative day, a pat…
Encouraging ambulation at least four times per day
128 terms
Reproductive Disorders
benign breast disorders (3)
fibrocystic breast disease
fibrocystic breast disease: symptoms (2)
fibrocystic breast disease: pharm inte…
fibrocystic breast disease... fibroadenoma... mastitis
development of fibrous tissue and cysts in breasts
pain/tenderness, esp in lumps... palpable mass that's enlarged i…
acetaminophen... ibuprofen... oral contraceptives... diuretics
benign breast disorders (3)
fibrocystic breast disease... fibroadenoma... mastitis
fibrocystic breast disease
development of fibrous tissue and cysts in breasts
54 terms
Reproductive disorders
hypospadias
cryptorchidism
complications of cryptorchidism
hydrocele
urethral opening on the ventral surface of the penis
abnormal descent of the testes from the abdominal cavity
sterility and increased risk of testicular cancer
collection of fluid between layers of the tunica vaginalis
hypospadias
urethral opening on the ventral surface of the penis
cryptorchidism
abnormal descent of the testes from the abdominal cavity
8 terms
SURGERY- Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Disorders
*Esophageal vs Gastric Varices Treatme…
*Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystem…
Portal HTN Shunts
Porcelain Gallbladder:... - Definition/…
Esophageal: FFP + VitK for coagulopathy, ↓ portal pressure…
Definition: artificial channel within the liver that establ…
Spleno-Renal → gastric varices... Short Gastric → esophageal…
Def: intramural calcification of the gallbladder wall belie…
*Esophageal vs Gastric Varices Treatme…
Esophageal: FFP + VitK for coagulopathy, ↓ portal pressure…
*Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystem…
Definition: artificial channel within the liver that establ…
Reproductive Disorders
Amenorrhea
Primary amenorrhea
Secondary amenorrhea
Amenorrhea therapy: Primary
Primary: ... absence or period by age 14 or 16 w/ or w/o develop…
multiple causes:... congenital ... chronic illness... stress of major…
pregnancy, breastfeeding... pelvic or uterine pathology... chronic…
depending on the cause... primary: correction of underlying d/o…
Amenorrhea
Primary: ... absence or period by age 14 or 16 w/ or w/o develop…
Primary amenorrhea
multiple causes:... congenital ... chronic illness... stress of major…
Reproductive Disorders
Fibrocystic Breast Condition
Signs & Symptoms of FBC
Treatment for FBC
Danazol (drug for FBC)
physiologic nodularity of breast tissue
breast pain, tender lumps, areas of thickening
oral contraceptives, vit C,E,B, supportive bra, local applica…
suppress function & estrogen stimulation of breast tissues
Fibrocystic Breast Condition
physiologic nodularity of breast tissue
Signs & Symptoms of FBC
breast pain, tender lumps, areas of thickening
Reproductive Disorders
The patient is scheduled for a vaginal…
On the second postoperative day, a pat…
A patient tells the nurse that his wif…
A total abdominal hysterectomy with bi…
a lithotomy position, and the uterus is removed through the v…
Encouraging ambulation at least four times per day
"It is perfectly normal to want to talk about death. It is mo…
If the ovaries are removed in these surgeries, the surgery wi…
The patient is scheduled for a vaginal…
a lithotomy position, and the uterus is removed through the v…
On the second postoperative day, a pat…
Encouraging ambulation at least four times per day
18 terms
reproductive disorders
endometriosis
hydrocele
rectocele
cystocele
tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside of the ut…
a fluid filled sac outside the testicle
tissue wall between rectum and vagina weakens
a bulge of the bladder into the vagina
endometriosis
tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside of the ut…
hydrocele
a fluid filled sac outside the testicle
Reproductive Disorders
Oral Contraceptives
Contraceptive Implants
Intrauterine Devices (IUD) for contrac…
Mechanical and Chemical Barriers for C…
Birth Control Pills (The Pill)... birth control method that incl…
thin flexible plastic implant about the size of a cardboard m…
A small device, often T-shaped, often containing either coppe…
Barrier methods of birth control are birth control pills... Mech…
Oral Contraceptives
Birth Control Pills (The Pill)... birth control method that incl…
Contraceptive Implants
thin flexible plastic implant about the size of a cardboard m…
Male Reproductive Surgery
postivie castration effects
negative castration effects
mixed effects castration
open vs closed
-decreased prostatic dz (no effect on prostatic carcinoma bc…
-chance of urinary incontinence ... -increased chance of obesity…
-aggression ... -growth, secondary sex characteristics: early ne…
-bigger than 20 lbs = open... -take into size of testicles, not…
postivie castration effects
-decreased prostatic dz (no effect on prostatic carcinoma bc…
negative castration effects
-chance of urinary incontinence ... -increased chance of obesity…
Female Reproductive Surgery
effects ovariohysterctomy
mammary neoplasia
behavior effects
suture holding layer
-urinary incontinence: 8x increased risk when spayed... -conflic…
-0.5% spayed before 1st estrus will develop tumors... -8% before…
-neutoring prior to 3 months: increased risk noise phobias, s…
-ventral rectus fascia
effects ovariohysterctomy
-urinary incontinence: 8x increased risk when spayed... -conflic…
mammary neoplasia
-0.5% spayed before 1st estrus will develop tumors... -8% before…
24 terms
Reproductive disorders
Amenorrhea
Primary amenorrhea
Secondary amenorrhea
Dysmenorrhea
absence of menstrual periods
if menstrual bleeding has never occurred
if menstrual bleeding absent for 3 to 6 months
painful menstruation associated with release of prostaglandin…
Amenorrhea
absence of menstrual periods
Primary amenorrhea
if menstrual bleeding has never occurred
REPRODUCTIVE DISORDERS
leukorrhea
amenorrhea
dysmenorrhea
salpinigitis
white discharge- infection (yeast)
no flow
painful menstruation
inflammation of tube
leukorrhea
white discharge- infection (yeast)
amenorrhea
no flow
45 terms
podiatric surgery nail disorders
Know the different parts of a nail
Which part of the epidermal skin is th…
How does the epidermal skin overlying…
What type of tissue is found in digita…
skin overlying the digital pulp
has deep papillary ridges and terminates distally as the hypo…
highly vascular fibrofatty tissue
Know the different parts of a nail
Which part of the epidermal skin is th…
skin overlying the digital pulp
86 terms
Reproductive Disorders
STD
Factors that contribute to the spread…
Chlamydia
Complications of STD's include:
Any disease that can be contracted by sexual contact.May be b…
Person doesn't know they are infected due to length of time b…
Caused by Chlamydia Trachomatis (bacteria).... •Most common STD…
•Infertility (ascending infection) from scaring of fallopian…
STD
Any disease that can be contracted by sexual contact.May be b…
Factors that contribute to the spread…
Person doesn't know they are infected due to length of time b…
Reproductive Disorders
Cryptorchidism
Orchitis
Inguinal hernia
Phimosis
Testes do not descend prenatally=low sperm, testicular cancer
Inflamed teste
Loop of intestine pinches out of inguinal canal
Foreskin is too tight, strangles the glans
Cryptorchidism
Testes do not descend prenatally=low sperm, testicular cancer
Orchitis
Inflamed teste
30 terms
Basic Reproductive surgery
In US _________ and ________ are the m…
Gonadectomy
Indications for elective gonadectomy
Tissues that tend to develop neoplasia…
castration, OHE
surgical removal of the reproductive organs
pet overpopulation, sex-based aggression, mammary neoplasia (…
metabolically active
In US _________ and ________ are the m…
castration, OHE
Gonadectomy
surgical removal of the reproductive organs
56 terms
UNIT VII - Reproductive Disorders
adrenarche
andrology
anteflexion
anteversion
The development of pubic and axillary hair because of androge…
The study of the male reproductive organs.
A condition in which the body of the uterus is bent sharply f…
A condition in which the entire uterus is tipped far forward.
adrenarche
The development of pubic and axillary hair because of androge…
andrology
The study of the male reproductive organs.
FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE DISORDERS
PELVIC EXAMINATION
PAP TEST
TEST FOR ENDOMETRIAL CANCER
BREAST EXAMINATION
pap test everu 1 to 3 years.... with history annually once a yea…
examines the secretions to detect cancer if there is history…
a positive pap test may indicate endometrial cancer, a biopsy…
monthly breast exams should beging as teenagers after period.…
PELVIC EXAMINATION
pap test everu 1 to 3 years.... with history annually once a yea…
PAP TEST
examines the secretions to detect cancer if there is history…
Reproductive disorders
Explain ovulation in the female
Nursing interventions for pelvic infla…
Causes of erectile dysfunction
Drugs used to induce ovulation
•An egg matures each month in the graafian follicle, which is…
•Use goggles ... •Assess pain and administer analgesics •monitor…
•Psychological -Stress, depression... •Organic- anatomical anoma…
•Clomiphene citrate (Clomid) ... •bromocriptine (Parlodel)
Explain ovulation in the female
•An egg matures each month in the graafian follicle, which is…
Nursing interventions for pelvic infla…
•Use goggles ... •Assess pain and administer analgesics •monitor…
Med-Surg Reproductive Disorders
amenorrhea
dysmenorrhea
menometorrhagia
IUD
Absence of menstruation
Difficult or painful menstruation
heavy or prolonged periods at irregular or more frequent inte…
intrauterine device; contraceptive
amenorrhea
Absence of menstruation
dysmenorrhea
Difficult or painful menstruation
Reproductive disorders
Signs of ovulation
Spinnbarkeit
Ferning pattern
Female fertility assessment
Pelvic discomfort... Basal body temp drop one day before and ele…
Elasticity of cervical mucus during ovulation
Crystalization of mucus during ovulation that can be seen und…
FSH and LH levels... Progesterone levels... TSH levels... Endometrial…
Signs of ovulation
Pelvic discomfort... Basal body temp drop one day before and ele…
Spinnbarkeit
Elasticity of cervical mucus during ovulation
54 terms
SA Med: Reproductive Surgery
Why do pyometras happen
What are the clinical signs of pyometra
How do you treat pyometra
What are the indications for performin…
Because of progesterone secretion 5-6 weeks post estrus and b…
Anorexia, lethargy, +/- PU/PD, vomiting, diarrhea
OHE (ovariohysterectomy) but stabilize first with IV fluids a…
1. Failure to medically manage dystocia ... 2. Greenish-black di…
Why do pyometras happen
Because of progesterone secretion 5-6 weeks post estrus and b…
What are the clinical signs of pyometra
Anorexia, lethargy, +/- PU/PD, vomiting, diarrhea
38 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Anestrus
Proestrus
Estrus
diestrus
no ovarian activity; 2-10 months (4-5m)
ovarian follicles begin to produce estrogen; attracts males b…
standing heat, female accepts males; females most fertile; sw…
ovaries secrete progesterone; occurs 9 days after the standin…
Anestrus
no ovarian activity; 2-10 months (4-5m)
Proestrus
ovarian follicles begin to produce estrogen; attracts males b…
33 terms
podiatric surgery nail disorders
Vater-Pacini Corpuscles
Meissner Corpuscles
plantar nerves
an-onychia (dash for sound)
structure in the nail that recognizes pressure/vibration
structure in the nail that recognizes light touch
nerves that innervate the nail bed
absence of one or more nail plates (associated with ichythyos…
Vater-Pacini Corpuscles
structure in the nail that recognizes pressure/vibration
Meissner Corpuscles
structure in the nail that recognizes light touch
41 terms
reproductive disorders
vastectomy
circumcision
cryptorchidism
orchitis
cut vas deferns cant have kids
fore skin removed
testes do not descend prenatally can lead to low sperm and te…
inflamed teste
vastectomy
cut vas deferns cant have kids
circumcision
fore skin removed
42 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Dystocia
Normal stages of Parturition
Involution
Physiology of parturition
Difficult birth
Stage 1-uterine contractions, stage 2-birth of neonate(s), st…
Going back to its original size.
Drop in progesterone 48 hours prior to parturition, followed…
Dystocia
Difficult birth
Normal stages of Parturition
Stage 1-uterine contractions, stage 2-birth of neonate(s), st…
76 terms
Reproductive Tract Surgery
Dystocia Signs
Dystocia Examination
Dystocia; Diagnostics
Dystocia; Medical Management
- Prolonged gestational length... - >4h from stage 2 onset... - >30…
- History, vitals (TPR, shock)... - Mammary glands; colostrum? m…
- Assess bitch status + puppy viability... - Ultrasound... - Radiog…
- Bitch in good physical condition... - Labour not prolonged... - N…
Dystocia Signs
- Prolonged gestational length... - >4h from stage 2 onset... - >30…
Dystocia Examination
- History, vitals (TPR, shock)... - Mammary glands; colostrum? m…
Female Reproductive Surgery
What are indications for cesarean sect…
C-sections are most commonly performed…
What are the standing approaches to a…
What are the recumbent approaches to a…
-fetal/maternal mismatch... -anomalies in presentation or postur…
Primiparous animals and double muscled breeds
left or right flank
-left or right flank... -ventral paramedian... -ventral midline... -ve…
What are indications for cesarean sect…
-fetal/maternal mismatch... -anomalies in presentation or postur…
C-sections are most commonly performed…
Primiparous animals and double muscled breeds
30 terms
Female Reproductive Surgery
what are reasons to do an OVH?
what are reasons for elective steriliz…
what diseases are you trying to preven…
what diseases might you be treating by…
- elective sterilization... - prevention of disease... - disease tr…
= population control... - estrus in the female
- protection from mammary neoplasia, age of OVH is significan…
- uterine/ovarian neoplasia... - diabetes mellitus... - epilepsy... -…
what are reasons to do an OVH?
- elective sterilization... - prevention of disease... - disease tr…
what are reasons for elective steriliz…
= population control... - estrus in the female
66 terms
Reproductive Disorders
What are the zones that we need to know?
Which Zone has most of the enlargement…
Who gets enlarged prostates?
Where is the prostate cancer most like…
Central Zone, Peripheral Zone, Transitional Zone, Periurethra…
TZ - hyperplasia
men. by the age of 50 a large amount of men will have enlarge…
PZ
What are the zones that we need to know?
Central Zone, Peripheral Zone, Transitional Zone, Periurethra…
Which Zone has most of the enlargement…
TZ - hyperplasia
72 terms
Reproductive Disorders
_____ is a hidden testicle
How does cryptorchidism occur?
What is the prevalence of cryptorchidi…
_____ is a surgical procedure that tet…
Cryptorchidism
Failure of complete descent of fetal testis from abdominal ca…
5% of full term males, 1% remain intra-abdominal, most resolv…
Orchiopexy
_____ is a hidden testicle
Cryptorchidism
How does cryptorchidism occur?
Failure of complete descent of fetal testis from abdominal ca…
Surgery of the Reproductive Tract
Disorders of the Uterus
CEH/Pyometra - Signalment
CEH/Pyometra - Clinical Signs
Pyometra/CEH - CBC
- Cystic Endometrial Hyperplasia - Pyometra Complex... - Cystic…
- Much more common in dogs than cats... - Intact female dog... - M…
- Variable... - Dependent on potency of cervix... - Closed -> usu…
- Normal to increased WBC, +/- left shift... - Generally exceed…
Disorders of the Uterus
- Cystic Endometrial Hyperplasia - Pyometra Complex... - Cystic…
CEH/Pyometra - Signalment
- Much more common in dogs than cats... - Intact female dog... - M…
36 terms
Reproductive Disorders
breast disorders screening
studies include
manifestations of breast cancer
when examining a patient for breast ca…
yearly mammograms starting at age 40; clinical breast exam ev…
mammogram (uses x-ray), MRI if at high risk, fine needle aspi…
age has a big impact, cancer vs non-cancerous tumors : tumors…
palpates something that seems to be questionable - next step…
breast disorders screening
yearly mammograms starting at age 40; clinical breast exam ev…
studies include
mammogram (uses x-ray), MRI if at high risk, fine needle aspi…
46 terms
NMS surgery - vascular disorders
60 yo woman presents with single episo…
60 yo woman presents with single episo…
whap preop evaluation is needed for so…
what is the perioperative risk of majo…
dx = TIA ... exam in for ... carotid bruits ... residual neuro defici…
medical -- aspirin... surgical -- carotid endarterectomy ... for s…
BP well controlled... cardiac evaluation ... - carotid artery angio…
during a carotid endarterectomy performed by most experienced…
60 yo woman presents with single episo…
dx = TIA ... exam in for ... carotid bruits ... residual neuro defici…
60 yo woman presents with single episo…
medical -- aspirin... surgical -- carotid endarterectomy ... for s…
Reproductive disorders
BPH
Chancroid
Chlamydia
Cryptorchidism
Age associated, prostate grows and stiffens, urethra blockage
Contagious bacterial, painful ulcers on genitals
Bacteria, sexual transmitted
Failure of testes to descended prior to birth
BPH
Age associated, prostate grows and stiffens, urethra blockage
Chancroid
Contagious bacterial, painful ulcers on genitals
47 terms
NMS SURGERY BREAST DISORDERS
A 42 yo woman asks advice regarding pr…
what risk factors increase the risk of…
what is recommended screening in high…
what age group has the biggest benefit…
breast cancer affects 1 in 8 women... women over 40 should have…
genetic - having one or more first degree relatives with brea…
monthly self breast exams starting at age 20... breast exam by d…
yearly mammograms detects lesion when they are smaller and be…
A 42 yo woman asks advice regarding pr…
breast cancer affects 1 in 8 women... women over 40 should have…
what risk factors increase the risk of…
genetic - having one or more first degree relatives with brea…
10 terms
Surgery of the Reproductive and Urinary Tracts
What are some 'social' reasons for cas…
What are some medical reasons for cast…
What clinical signs may be present in…
What are some common reasons for early…
- Prevention of unwanted breeding... - Reduction of roaming... - Re…
- Testicular tumours... - Prostatic disease... - Anal adenoma (beni…
- Straining to urinate or defecate... - Blood or pus in the urine
- Prevention of unwanted pregnancies... - Cessation of oestrus a…
What are some 'social' reasons for cas…
- Prevention of unwanted breeding... - Reduction of roaming... - Re…
What are some medical reasons for cast…
- Testicular tumours... - Prostatic disease... - Anal adenoma (beni…
45 terms
Reproductive and Urinary Tract Surgery
OVARIOHYSTERECTOMY
Indications
Required instruments
Role of tech
Spaying, neutering, OVH, OHE... -Removal of both ovaries and the…
-Sterilization of female dog or cat... -Elimination of estrous c…
-General pack... -Spay hook
-Client education: correct misinformation... -Major surgical pro…
OVARIOHYSTERECTOMY
Spaying, neutering, OVH, OHE... -Removal of both ovaries and the…
Indications
-Sterilization of female dog or cat... -Elimination of estrous c…
29 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Amenorrhea
Candidiasis
Carcinoma in situ
Chancre
absence of menstruation
is a fungal infection due to any type of candida, AKA thrush.
localized cancer
Painless rash, skin erosion, or papule
Amenorrhea
absence of menstruation
Candidiasis
is a fungal infection due to any type of candida, AKA thrush.
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