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Study sets matching "reproductive disorders surg"

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Study sets matching "reproductive disorders surg"

24 terms
Reproductive surgery
what is the most common bacterial comp…
what is the common signalment/CS for a…
what is the treatment of choice for a…
what are the 3 main indications for a…
E. coli
middle-aged bitches... anorexia, lethargy... PU/PD... V/D
OHE; use LONG incision
strong contractions > 30 mins... weak straining > 2 hours... > 4 ho…
what is the most common bacterial comp…
E. coli
what is the common signalment/CS for a…
middle-aged bitches... anorexia, lethargy... PU/PD... V/D
112 terms
Reproductive Surgery
Pyometra requires ________ secretion (…
what is the bacterial component of a p…
pyometra can progress to ?
pyometra is common in?
progesterone
e.coli 59-96%
SIRS secondary to endotoxemia
middle-aged bitches... anorexia, lethargy... PU/PD ... Vomiting,diarrhea
Pyometra requires ________ secretion (…
progesterone
what is the bacterial component of a p…
e.coli 59-96%
48 terms
Reproductive Surgery
What are some examples of common femal…
What are some characteristics of pyome…
What is the typical clinical picture o…
What is the treatment of choice for py…
-OHE... -C-section... -Mastectomy
-Progesterone secretion (diestrus 5-6 weeks post estrus)... -Bac…
-Middle aged bitches... -Anorexia... -Lethargy... -PU/PD... -Vomiting... -Di…
-OHE ... -Stabilize first, IV fluids... -Systemic antibiotics... -Long…
What are some examples of common femal…
-OHE... -C-section... -Mastectomy
What are some characteristics of pyome…
-Progesterone secretion (diestrus 5-6 weeks post estrus)... -Bac…
18 terms
Reproductive Surgery
Pyometra
Closed Pyometra
Open Pyometra
Pyometra patients are generally what?…
Accumulation of pus in uterus
Cervix Closed. No discharge.
Pus is allowed to drain. Discharge can be seen.
Ill. Endotoxins can be released into bloodstream
Pyometra
Accumulation of pus in uterus
Closed Pyometra
Cervix Closed. No discharge.
102 terms
Reproductive Surgery
Which arteries must be ligated during…
From where does the uterine artery ari…
Which ligaments must be broken down du…
What is the proper ligament of the ova…
The ovarian pedicle and the uterine artery
The vaginal branch of the internal pudendal
The suspensory ligament and the broad ligament
The attachment between the ovary and the uterus
Which arteries must be ligated during…
The ovarian pedicle and the uterine artery
From where does the uterine artery ari…
The vaginal branch of the internal pudendal
54 terms
Bull Reproductive Surgery
What is a good sedation agent for male…
What age bulls do we see penile warts/…
What causes penile warts/fibropapillom…
What is the difference between your dd…
Acepromazine
Young, 6-12 mo
Bovine papillomavirus
Horses... -Cancer(SCC, Sarcoid, Melanoma)... -Bad prognosis... Cattle…
What is a good sedation agent for male…
Acepromazine
What age bulls do we see penile warts/…
Young, 6-12 mo
11 terms
Reproductive disorders
premenstrual syndrome
erectile disfunction
miscarriage
endometriosis
where there are symptoms which occur during the luteal phase…
the inability to achieve an erection for satisfactory sexual…
a spontaneous end/aborting of a pregnancy before 20 weeks of…
when endometrial cells develop outside of the uterus, usually…
premenstrual syndrome
where there are symptoms which occur during the luteal phase…
erectile disfunction
the inability to achieve an erection for satisfactory sexual…
Reproductive Disorders
The patient is scheduled for a vaginal…
On the second postoperative day, a pat…
A patient tells the nurse that his wif…
A total abdominal hysterectomy with bi…
a lithotomy position, and the uterus is removed through the v…
Encouraging ambulation at least four times per day
"It is perfectly normal to want to talk about death. It is mo…
If the ovaries are removed in these surgeries, the surgery wi…
The patient is scheduled for a vaginal…
a lithotomy position, and the uterus is removed through the v…
On the second postoperative day, a pat…
Encouraging ambulation at least four times per day
38 terms
FA Surgery: Female Reproductive Surgery
T/F: Rectovaginal lacterations are com…
What is a first degree rectovaginal la…
What is a second degree rectovaginal l…
What is a third degree rectovaginal la…
False - not very common
only the vaginal mucosa is torn
the vagina and perineal body are both affected
the vagina, perineal body, and rectum are all involved (yiker…
T/F: Rectovaginal lacterations are com…
False - not very common
What is a first degree rectovaginal la…
only the vaginal mucosa is torn
48 terms
Female Reproduction Tract Surgery
הטיפול השכיח ביותר למחלות רחם שונות... (6)
יתרונות עיקור... (4)
עליה בשכיחות גידולים מסויימים בכלבות ש…
זמן העיקור האלקטיבי לפי אייל?
Pyometra... Metritis... קרע ברחם... Prolapse... סבוב רחם... Subinvolution of…
מניעת ריבוי יתר... הורדת סיכויי לגידולי עטין ... מניעת הופעת פיומטר…
Transitional cell carcinoma... Osteosarcoma... hemangiosarcoma... DM…
6-8 שבועות... לאחר חיסונים (4 חודשים)... לפני ייחום ראשון... אחרי ייחו…
הטיפול השכיח ביותר למחלות רחם שונות... (6)
Pyometra... Metritis... קרע ברחם... Prolapse... סבוב רחם... Subinvolution of…
יתרונות עיקור... (4)
מניעת ריבוי יתר... הורדת סיכויי לגידולי עטין ... מניעת הופעת פיומטר…
8 terms
SURGERY- Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Disorders
*Esophageal vs Gastric Varices Treatme…
*Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystem…
Portal HTN Shunts
Porcelain Gallbladder:... - Definition/…
Esophageal: FFP + VitK for coagulopathy, ↓ portal pressure…
Definition: artificial channel within the liver that establ…
Spleno-Renal → gastric varices... Short Gastric → esophageal…
Def: intramural calcification of the gallbladder wall belie…
*Esophageal vs Gastric Varices Treatme…
Esophageal: FFP + VitK for coagulopathy, ↓ portal pressure…
*Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystem…
Definition: artificial channel within the liver that establ…
128 terms
Reproductive Disorders
benign breast disorders (3)
fibrocystic breast disease
fibrocystic breast disease: symptoms (2)
fibrocystic breast disease: pharm inte…
fibrocystic breast disease... fibroadenoma... mastitis
development of fibrous tissue and cysts in breasts
pain/tenderness, esp in lumps... palpable mass that's enlarged i…
acetaminophen... ibuprofen... oral contraceptives... diuretics
benign breast disorders (3)
fibrocystic breast disease... fibroadenoma... mastitis
fibrocystic breast disease
development of fibrous tissue and cysts in breasts
36 terms
Reproductive Disorders
The patient is scheduled for a vaginal…
On the second postoperative day, a pat…
A patient tells the nurse that his wif…
A total abdominal hysterectomy with bi…
a lithotomy position, and the uterus is removed through the v…
Encouraging ambulation at least four times per day
"It is perfectly normal to want to talk about death. It is mo…
If the ovaries are removed in these surgeries, the surgery wi…
The patient is scheduled for a vaginal…
a lithotomy position, and the uterus is removed through the v…
On the second postoperative day, a pat…
Encouraging ambulation at least four times per day
45 terms
podiatric surgery nail disorders
Know the different parts of a nail
Which part of the epidermal skin is th…
How does the epidermal skin overlying…
What type of tissue is found in digita…
skin overlying the digital pulp
has deep papillary ridges and terminates distally as the hypo…
highly vascular fibrofatty tissue
Know the different parts of a nail
Which part of the epidermal skin is th…
skin overlying the digital pulp
66 terms
FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE DISORDERS
PELVIC EXAMINATION
PAP TEST
TEST FOR ENDOMETRIAL CANCER
BREAST EXAMINATION
pap test everu 1 to 3 years.... with history annually once a yea…
examines the secretions to detect cancer if there is history…
a positive pap test may indicate endometrial cancer, a biopsy…
monthly breast exams should beging as teenagers after period.…
PELVIC EXAMINATION
pap test everu 1 to 3 years.... with history annually once a yea…
PAP TEST
examines the secretions to detect cancer if there is history…
5 terms
Reproductive disorders
Explain ovulation in the female
Nursing interventions for pelvic infla…
Causes of erectile dysfunction
Drugs used to induce ovulation
•An egg matures each month in the graafian follicle, which is…
•Use goggles ... •Assess pain and administer analgesics •monitor…
•Psychological -Stress, depression... •Organic- anatomical anoma…
•Clomiphene citrate (Clomid) ... •bromocriptine (Parlodel)
Explain ovulation in the female
•An egg matures each month in the graafian follicle, which is…
Nursing interventions for pelvic infla…
•Use goggles ... •Assess pain and administer analgesics •monitor…
15 terms
Male Reproductive Surgery
postivie castration effects
negative castration effects
mixed effects castration
open vs closed
-decreased prostatic dz (no effect on prostatic carcinoma bc…
-chance of urinary incontinence ... -increased chance of obesity…
-aggression ... -growth, secondary sex characteristics: early ne…
-bigger than 20 lbs = open... -take into size of testicles, not…
postivie castration effects
-decreased prostatic dz (no effect on prostatic carcinoma bc…
negative castration effects
-chance of urinary incontinence ... -increased chance of obesity…
16 terms
Female Reproductive Surgery
effects ovariohysterctomy
mammary neoplasia
behavior effects
suture holding layer
-urinary incontinence: 8x increased risk when spayed... -conflic…
-0.5% spayed before 1st estrus will develop tumors... -8% before…
-neutoring prior to 3 months: increased risk noise phobias, s…
-ventral rectus fascia
effects ovariohysterctomy
-urinary incontinence: 8x increased risk when spayed... -conflic…
mammary neoplasia
-0.5% spayed before 1st estrus will develop tumors... -8% before…
33 terms
podiatric surgery nail disorders
Vater-Pacini Corpuscles
Meissner Corpuscles
plantar nerves
an-onychia (dash for sound)
structure in the nail that recognizes pressure/vibration
structure in the nail that recognizes light touch
nerves that innervate the nail bed
absence of one or more nail plates (associated with ichythyos…
Vater-Pacini Corpuscles
structure in the nail that recognizes pressure/vibration
Meissner Corpuscles
structure in the nail that recognizes light touch
17 terms
Female Reproductive and Genital Surgery
Ovarian tumours
Cystic glandular hyperplasia
Pyometra
Mucometra/hydrometra
Aetiology:... -Epithelial (adenoma/adenocarcinoma)... -Germ cell (d…
Aetiology:... -Present in dioestrus... -Middle aged, older bitches…
Clinical signs:... -Vaginal discharge... -Polyuria/polydipsia... -Depr…
Sterile accumulation of fluid from endometrial gland secretio…
Ovarian tumours
Aetiology:... -Epithelial (adenoma/adenocarcinoma)... -Germ cell (d…
Cystic glandular hyperplasia
Aetiology:... -Present in dioestrus... -Middle aged, older bitches…
54 terms
Reproductive disorders
hypospadias
cryptorchidism
complications of cryptorchidism
hydrocele
urethral opening on the ventral surface of the penis
abnormal descent of the testes from the abdominal cavity
sterility and increased risk of testicular cancer
collection of fluid between layers of the tunica vaginalis
hypospadias
urethral opening on the ventral surface of the penis
cryptorchidism
abnormal descent of the testes from the abdominal cavity
38 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Anestrus
Proestrus
Estrus
diestrus
no ovarian activity; 2-10 months (4-5m)
ovarian follicles begin to produce estrogen; attracts males b…
standing heat, female accepts males; females most fertile; sw…
ovaries secrete progesterone; occurs 9 days after the standin…
Anestrus
no ovarian activity; 2-10 months (4-5m)
Proestrus
ovarian follicles begin to produce estrogen; attracts males b…
42 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Dystocia
Normal stages of Parturition
Involution
Physiology of parturition
Difficult birth
Stage 1-uterine contractions, stage 2-birth of neonate(s), st…
Going back to its original size.
Drop in progesterone 48 hours prior to parturition, followed…
Dystocia
Difficult birth
Normal stages of Parturition
Stage 1-uterine contractions, stage 2-birth of neonate(s), st…
29 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Amenorrhea
Candidiasis
Carcinoma in situ
Chancre
absence of menstruation
is a fungal infection due to any type of candida, AKA thrush.
localized cancer
Painless rash, skin erosion, or papule
Amenorrhea
absence of menstruation
Candidiasis
is a fungal infection due to any type of candida, AKA thrush.
30 terms
Basic Reproductive surgery
In US _________ and ________ are the m…
Gonadectomy
Indications for elective gonadectomy
Tissues that tend to develop neoplasia…
castration, OHE
surgical removal of the reproductive organs
pet overpopulation, sex-based aggression, mammary neoplasia (…
metabolically active
In US _________ and ________ are the m…
castration, OHE
Gonadectomy
surgical removal of the reproductive organs
51 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Fibrocystic Breast Condition
Signs & Symptoms of FBC
Treatment for FBC
Danazol (drug for FBC)
physiologic nodularity of breast tissue
breast pain, tender lumps, areas of thickening
oral contraceptives, vit C,E,B, supportive bra, local applica…
suppress function & estrogen stimulation of breast tissues
Fibrocystic Breast Condition
physiologic nodularity of breast tissue
Signs & Symptoms of FBC
breast pain, tender lumps, areas of thickening
Reproductive Disorders
Amenorrhea
Primary amenorrhea
Secondary amenorrhea
Amenorrhea therapy: Primary
Primary: ... absence or period by age 14 or 16 w/ or w/o develop…
multiple causes:... congenital ... chronic illness... stress of major…
pregnancy, breastfeeding... pelvic or uterine pathology... chronic…
depending on the cause... primary: correction of underlying d/o…
Amenorrhea
Primary: ... absence or period by age 14 or 16 w/ or w/o develop…
Primary amenorrhea
multiple causes:... congenital ... chronic illness... stress of major…
20 terms
Reproductive Tract Surgery
list some indications for ovariohyster…
what ligament needs to be broken down?
what should you ligate using?
why do you only ligate the cervix in t…
elective sterilisation... pyometra... ovarian cysts... hydrometra/muco…
suspensory ligament
synthetic absorbable material (vicryl, instrument tie)
fistula can from between lumen and vessel --> life threatenin…
list some indications for ovariohyster…
elective sterilisation... pyometra... ovarian cysts... hydrometra/muco…
what ligament needs to be broken down?
suspensory ligament
18 terms
reproductive disorders
endometriosis
hydrocele
rectocele
cystocele
tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside of the ut…
a fluid filled sac outside the testicle
tissue wall between rectum and vagina weakens
a bulge of the bladder into the vagina
endometriosis
tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside of the ut…
hydrocele
a fluid filled sac outside the testicle
Reproductive Disorders
Oral Contraceptives
Contraceptive Implants
Intrauterine Devices (IUD) for contrac…
Mechanical and Chemical Barriers for C…
Birth Control Pills (The Pill)... birth control method that incl…
thin flexible plastic implant about the size of a cardboard m…
A small device, often T-shaped, often containing either coppe…
Barrier methods of birth control are birth control pills... Mech…
Oral Contraceptives
Birth Control Pills (The Pill)... birth control method that incl…
Contraceptive Implants
thin flexible plastic implant about the size of a cardboard m…
12 terms
Large Animal Reproductive Surgery
Where is a boar castration?
List some indications for caesarean
List some intra operative C section co…
List some post op complications
sub anal
foeto maternal disproportion... incomplete dilation of cervix... ir…
straining... incised rumen... uterine tear... haemorrhage... recumbency... c…
wound infection... endometritis... peritonitis... sepsis... adhesion... infe…
Where is a boar castration?
sub anal
List some indications for caesarean
foeto maternal disproportion... incomplete dilation of cervix... ir…
32 terms
Ruminant Reproductive Surgery - MALE
Describe castration <7d
Less than 2m (calves) or <3m (lambs)
>2m in calves or >3m lambs
Describe castration of pigs
- LA not legally required... - elastrator ring... - by trained stoc…
- LA not required but recommended... - burdizzo... - surgical castr…
- LA legally required... - burdizzo or surgical... - vet only
- commercially not practice... - prohibited by red tractor, free…
Describe castration <7d
- LA not legally required... - elastrator ring... - by trained stoc…
Less than 2m (calves) or <3m (lambs)
- LA not required but recommended... - burdizzo... - surgical castr…
24 terms
Reproductive disorders
Amenorrhea
Primary amenorrhea
Secondary amenorrhea
Dysmenorrhea
absence of menstrual periods
if menstrual bleeding has never occurred
if menstrual bleeding absent for 3 to 6 months
painful menstruation associated with release of prostaglandin…
Amenorrhea
absence of menstrual periods
Primary amenorrhea
if menstrual bleeding has never occurred
29 terms
REPRODUCTIVE DISORDERS
leukorrhea
amenorrhea
dysmenorrhea
salpinigitis
white discharge- infection (yeast)
no flow
painful menstruation
inflammation of tube
leukorrhea
white discharge- infection (yeast)
amenorrhea
no flow
81 terms
Equine Male Reproductive Surgery
What type of penis does the horse have?
What three parts can the equine penis…
Which part of the equine penis is resp…
Which structure surround the urethra?
Musculocavernous
Root, body and glans penis
The corpus cavernosum - dorsally located
Corpus spongiosum
What type of penis does the horse have?
Musculocavernous
What three parts can the equine penis…
Root, body and glans penis
19 terms
Small Mammal Reproductive Surgery
from what age can a rabbit be castrated?
what is the most common complication o…
in a rabbit spay, what does the fat ++…
when are rabbits usually spayed?
from 4 months/testicles fully descended
herniation
tissue more friable, more likely to tear/bleed
5-6 months... (leave too old, accumulate fat)
from what age can a rabbit be castrated?
from 4 months/testicles fully descended
what is the most common complication o…
herniation
68 terms
Ruminant Female Reproductive Surgery
List four things which should be consi…
What features should a good suitable l…
Give three suitable flooring surfaces…
How should you tie a cow up for a surg…
Handling and restraint facilities... Environment... Surgical proced…
Under cover... Sheltered from prevailing wind/rain... Protection fr…
Must be non-slip... Clean, deeply bedded straw pen... Sand... Rubber m…
In a secure fitting halter with a quick release knot and no s…
List four things which should be consi…
Handling and restraint facilities... Environment... Surgical proced…
What features should a good suitable l…
Under cover... Sheltered from prevailing wind/rain... Protection fr…
86 terms
Reproductive Disorders
STD
Factors that contribute to the spread…
Chlamydia
Complications of STD's include:
Any disease that can be contracted by sexual contact.May be b…
Person doesn't know they are infected due to length of time b…
Caused by Chlamydia Trachomatis (bacteria).... •Most common STD…
•Infertility (ascending infection) from scaring of fallopian…
STD
Any disease that can be contracted by sexual contact.May be b…
Factors that contribute to the spread…
Person doesn't know they are infected due to length of time b…
Reproductive Disorders
Cryptorchidism
Orchitis
Inguinal hernia
Phimosis
Testes do not descend prenatally=low sperm, testicular cancer
Inflamed teste
Loop of intestine pinches out of inguinal canal
Foreskin is too tight, strangles the glans
Cryptorchidism
Testes do not descend prenatally=low sperm, testicular cancer
Orchitis
Inflamed teste
56 terms
UNIT VII - Reproductive Disorders
adrenarche
andrology
anteflexion
anteversion
The development of pubic and axillary hair because of androge…
The study of the male reproductive organs.
A condition in which the body of the uterus is bent sharply f…
A condition in which the entire uterus is tipped far forward.
adrenarche
The development of pubic and axillary hair because of androge…
andrology
The study of the male reproductive organs.
53 terms
Ruminant Male Reproductive Surgery
Who can perform farm animal castration?
Under 7 days of age, for a castration…
Under 2 months of age in calves and 3…
In animals over 2 months of age (calve…
Trained stock person or vet depending on age
No local anaesthesia legally required (but encouraged)... Elastr…
Not legally required but recommended... Burdizzo or surgical cas…
Yes, local anaesthetic is legally required... Burdizzo or surgic…
Who can perform farm animal castration?
Trained stock person or vet depending on age
Under 7 days of age, for a castration…
No local anaesthesia legally required (but encouraged)... Elastr…
54 terms
SA Med: Reproductive Surgery
Why do pyometras happen
What are the clinical signs of pyometra
How do you treat pyometra
What are the indications for performin…
Because of progesterone secretion 5-6 weeks post estrus and b…
Anorexia, lethargy, +/- PU/PD, vomiting, diarrhea
OHE (ovariohysterectomy) but stabilize first with IV fluids a…
1. Failure to medically manage dystocia ... 2. Greenish-black di…
Why do pyometras happen
Because of progesterone secretion 5-6 weeks post estrus and b…
What are the clinical signs of pyometra
Anorexia, lethargy, +/- PU/PD, vomiting, diarrhea
33 terms
Reproductive Disorders
hypospadias
epispadias
phimosis
paraphimosis
urethral meatus on the underside of the penis
urethral meatus on the top of the penis
foreskin cant be retracted over gland on penis
foreskin is retracted and cant be moved forward
hypospadias
urethral meatus on the underside of the penis
epispadias
urethral meatus on the top of the penis
76 terms
Reproductive Tract Surgery
Dystocia Signs
Dystocia Examination
Dystocia; Diagnostics
Dystocia; Medical Management
- Prolonged gestational length... - >4h from stage 2 onset... - >30…
- History, vitals (TPR, shock)... - Mammary glands; colostrum? m…
- Assess bitch status + puppy viability... - Ultrasound... - Radiog…
- Bitch in good physical condition... - Labour not prolonged... - N…
Dystocia Signs
- Prolonged gestational length... - >4h from stage 2 onset... - >30…
Dystocia Examination
- History, vitals (TPR, shock)... - Mammary glands; colostrum? m…
52 terms
Ruminant Reproductive Surgery - FEMALE
Describe flooring needed
Restraint?
How many assistants?
What are the problems with environment…
- non-slip... - clean: deeply bedded straw pen with dust allowed…
- halter tied to secure fitting + quick release knot... - cattle…
ideally 2 - one by shoulder and other by the hip
- already contaminated site... - prep is time-consuming... - high l…
Describe flooring needed
- non-slip... - clean: deeply bedded straw pen with dust allowed…
Restraint?
- halter tied to secure fitting + quick release knot... - cattle…
30 terms
Female Reproductive Surgery
what are reasons to do an OVH?
what are reasons for elective steriliz…
what diseases are you trying to preven…
what diseases might you be treating by…
- elective sterilization... - prevention of disease... - disease tr…
= population control... - estrus in the female
- protection from mammary neoplasia, age of OVH is significan…
- uterine/ovarian neoplasia... - diabetes mellitus... - epilepsy... -…
what are reasons to do an OVH?
- elective sterilization... - prevention of disease... - disease tr…
what are reasons for elective steriliz…
= population control... - estrus in the female
Female Reproductive Surgery
What are indications for cesarean sect…
C-sections are most commonly performed…
What are the standing approaches to a…
What are the recumbent approaches to a…
-fetal/maternal mismatch... -anomalies in presentation or postur…
Primiparous animals and double muscled breeds
left or right flank
-left or right flank... -ventral paramedian... -ventral midline... -ve…
What are indications for cesarean sect…
-fetal/maternal mismatch... -anomalies in presentation or postur…
C-sections are most commonly performed…
Primiparous animals and double muscled breeds
22 terms
Reproductive disorders
Signs of ovulation
Spinnbarkeit
Ferning pattern
Female fertility assessment
Pelvic discomfort... Basal body temp drop one day before and ele…
Elasticity of cervical mucus during ovulation
Crystalization of mucus during ovulation that can be seen und…
FSH and LH levels... Progesterone levels... TSH levels... Endometrial…
Signs of ovulation
Pelvic discomfort... Basal body temp drop one day before and ele…
Spinnbarkeit
Elasticity of cervical mucus during ovulation
48 terms
Male Reproduction Tract Surgeries
Orchidectomy - סירוס... indications (4)
Orchidectomy - שיטת ביצוע בכלב... (3)
השיטה הסגורה של סירוס (5)
השיטה הפתוחה של סירוס (
אלקטיבי (בעיקר, מניעת בעיות התנהגות)... מחלות האשכים השונות (דל…
שיטה פתוחה(חיתוך עורי לפני האשך והוצאה)... שיטה סגורה... החתך באזור…
מומלץ בכלבים מתחת 20 ק"ג... חתך עורי לפני שק האשכים... ניתוק ליגמנט…
חיתוך vaginal tunic מעל האשך... קריעת ליגמנט האפידידימוס... הפרדת v…
Orchidectomy - סירוס... indications (4)
אלקטיבי (בעיקר, מניעת בעיות התנהגות)... מחלות האשכים השונות (דל…
Orchidectomy - שיטת ביצוע בכלב... (3)
שיטה פתוחה(חיתוך עורי לפני האשך והוצאה)... שיטה סגורה... החתך באזור…
29 terms
MARE - surgery of the reproductive tract
What happens in the 3 stages of partur…
What are the main causes of abortion?
How can placentitis lead to hypoxia an…
When should you suspect dystocia?
1) cervical dilation, uterine contraction... 2) rupture of chori…
EHV1 (abortive storms)... UHV4... bacterial/fungal - placentitis
- placental uterine contact over a large area... - thickened and…
- s2 for more than 30m... - prolonged straining... - colic... - abnorm…
What happens in the 3 stages of partur…
1) cervical dilation, uterine contraction... 2) rupture of chori…
What are the main causes of abortion?
EHV1 (abortive storms)... UHV4... bacterial/fungal - placentitis
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