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Study sets matching "reproductive disorders"

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Study sets matching "reproductive disorders"

11 terms
Reproductive disorders
premenstrual syndrome
erectile disfunction
miscarriage
endometriosis
where there are symptoms which occur during the luteal phase…
the inability to achieve an erection for satisfactory sexual…
a spontaneous end/aborting of a pregnancy before 20 weeks of…
when endometrial cells develop outside of the uterus, usually…
premenstrual syndrome
where there are symptoms which occur during the luteal phase…
erectile disfunction
the inability to achieve an erection for satisfactory sexual…
Reproductive Disorders
The patient is scheduled for a vaginal…
On the second postoperative day, a pat…
A patient tells the nurse that his wif…
A total abdominal hysterectomy with bi…
a lithotomy position, and the uterus is removed through the v…
Encouraging ambulation at least four times per day
"It is perfectly normal to want to talk about death. It is mo…
If the ovaries are removed in these surgeries, the surgery wi…
The patient is scheduled for a vaginal…
a lithotomy position, and the uterus is removed through the v…
On the second postoperative day, a pat…
Encouraging ambulation at least four times per day
128 terms
Reproductive Disorders
benign breast disorders (3)
fibrocystic breast disease
fibrocystic breast disease: symptoms (2)
fibrocystic breast disease: pharm inte…
fibrocystic breast disease... fibroadenoma... mastitis
development of fibrous tissue and cysts in breasts
pain/tenderness, esp in lumps... palpable mass that's enlarged i…
acetaminophen... ibuprofen... oral contraceptives... diuretics
benign breast disorders (3)
fibrocystic breast disease... fibroadenoma... mastitis
fibrocystic breast disease
development of fibrous tissue and cysts in breasts
36 terms
Reproductive Disorders
The patient is scheduled for a vaginal…
On the second postoperative day, a pat…
A patient tells the nurse that his wif…
A total abdominal hysterectomy with bi…
a lithotomy position, and the uterus is removed through the v…
Encouraging ambulation at least four times per day
"It is perfectly normal to want to talk about death. It is mo…
If the ovaries are removed in these surgeries, the surgery wi…
The patient is scheduled for a vaginal…
a lithotomy position, and the uterus is removed through the v…
On the second postoperative day, a pat…
Encouraging ambulation at least four times per day
49 terms
Reproductive disorders
PID
fibroid tumor
TSS
Sx of TSS
pelvic inflammatory disorder
benign tumors in the uterus
toxic shock syndrome
high fever, decreased BP
PID
pelvic inflammatory disorder
fibroid tumor
benign tumors in the uterus
56 terms
UNIT VII - Reproductive Disorders
adrenarche
andrology
anteflexion
anteversion
The development of pubic and axillary hair because of androge…
The study of the male reproductive organs.
A condition in which the body of the uterus is bent sharply f…
A condition in which the entire uterus is tipped far forward.
adrenarche
The development of pubic and axillary hair because of androge…
andrology
The study of the male reproductive organs.
54 terms
Reproductive disorders
hypospadias
cryptorchidism
complications of cryptorchidism
hydrocele
urethral opening on the ventral surface of the penis
abnormal descent of the testes from the abdominal cavity
sterility and increased risk of testicular cancer
collection of fluid between layers of the tunica vaginalis
hypospadias
urethral opening on the ventral surface of the penis
cryptorchidism
abnormal descent of the testes from the abdominal cavity
5 terms
Reproductive disorders
Explain ovulation in the female
Nursing interventions for pelvic infla…
Causes of erectile dysfunction
Drugs used to induce ovulation
•An egg matures each month in the graafian follicle, which is…
•Use goggles ... •Assess pain and administer analgesics •monitor…
•Psychological -Stress, depression... •Organic- anatomical anoma…
•Clomiphene citrate (Clomid) ... •bromocriptine (Parlodel)
Explain ovulation in the female
•An egg matures each month in the graafian follicle, which is…
Nursing interventions for pelvic infla…
•Use goggles ... •Assess pain and administer analgesics •monitor…
29 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Amenorrhea
Candidiasis
Carcinoma in situ
Chancre
absence of menstruation
is a fungal infection due to any type of candida, AKA thrush.
localized cancer
Painless rash, skin erosion, or papule
Amenorrhea
absence of menstruation
Candidiasis
is a fungal infection due to any type of candida, AKA thrush.
18 terms
reproductive disorders
endometriosis
hydrocele
rectocele
cystocele
tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside of the ut…
a fluid filled sac outside the testicle
tissue wall between rectum and vagina weakens
a bulge of the bladder into the vagina
endometriosis
tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside of the ut…
hydrocele
a fluid filled sac outside the testicle
Reproductive Disorders
Amenorrhea
Primary amenorrhea
Secondary amenorrhea
Amenorrhea therapy: Primary
Primary: ... absence or period by age 14 or 16 w/ or w/o develop…
multiple causes:... congenital ... chronic illness... stress of major…
pregnancy, breastfeeding... pelvic or uterine pathology... chronic…
depending on the cause... primary: correction of underlying d/o…
Amenorrhea
Primary: ... absence or period by age 14 or 16 w/ or w/o develop…
Primary amenorrhea
multiple causes:... congenital ... chronic illness... stress of major…
Reproductive Disorders
Oral Contraceptives
Contraceptive Implants
Intrauterine Devices (IUD) for contrac…
Mechanical and Chemical Barriers for C…
Birth Control Pills (The Pill)... birth control method that incl…
thin flexible plastic implant about the size of a cardboard m…
A small device, often T-shaped, often containing either coppe…
Barrier methods of birth control are birth control pills... Mech…
Oral Contraceptives
Birth Control Pills (The Pill)... birth control method that incl…
Contraceptive Implants
thin flexible plastic implant about the size of a cardboard m…
51 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Fibrocystic Breast Condition
Signs & Symptoms of FBC
Treatment for FBC
Danazol (drug for FBC)
physiologic nodularity of breast tissue
breast pain, tender lumps, areas of thickening
oral contraceptives, vit C,E,B, supportive bra, local applica…
suppress function & estrogen stimulation of breast tissues
Fibrocystic Breast Condition
physiologic nodularity of breast tissue
Signs & Symptoms of FBC
breast pain, tender lumps, areas of thickening
66 terms
FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE DISORDERS
PELVIC EXAMINATION
PAP TEST
TEST FOR ENDOMETRIAL CANCER
BREAST EXAMINATION
pap test everu 1 to 3 years.... with history annually once a yea…
examines the secretions to detect cancer if there is history…
a positive pap test may indicate endometrial cancer, a biopsy…
monthly breast exams should beging as teenagers after period.…
PELVIC EXAMINATION
pap test everu 1 to 3 years.... with history annually once a yea…
PAP TEST
examines the secretions to detect cancer if there is history…
38 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Anestrus
Proestrus
Estrus
diestrus
no ovarian activity; 2-10 months (4-5m)
ovarian follicles begin to produce estrogen; attracts males b…
standing heat, female accepts males; females most fertile; sw…
ovaries secrete progesterone; occurs 9 days after the standin…
Anestrus
no ovarian activity; 2-10 months (4-5m)
Proestrus
ovarian follicles begin to produce estrogen; attracts males b…
24 terms
Reproductive disorders
Amenorrhea
Primary amenorrhea
Secondary amenorrhea
Dysmenorrhea
absence of menstrual periods
if menstrual bleeding has never occurred
if menstrual bleeding absent for 3 to 6 months
painful menstruation associated with release of prostaglandin…
Amenorrhea
absence of menstrual periods
Primary amenorrhea
if menstrual bleeding has never occurred
42 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Dystocia
Normal stages of Parturition
Involution
Physiology of parturition
Difficult birth
Stage 1-uterine contractions, stage 2-birth of neonate(s), st…
Going back to its original size.
Drop in progesterone 48 hours prior to parturition, followed…
Dystocia
Difficult birth
Normal stages of Parturition
Stage 1-uterine contractions, stage 2-birth of neonate(s), st…
29 terms
REPRODUCTIVE DISORDERS
leukorrhea
amenorrhea
dysmenorrhea
salpinigitis
white discharge- infection (yeast)
no flow
painful menstruation
inflammation of tube
leukorrhea
white discharge- infection (yeast)
amenorrhea
no flow
Reproductive Disorders
Cryptorchidism
Orchitis
Inguinal hernia
Phimosis
Testes do not descend prenatally=low sperm, testicular cancer
Inflamed teste
Loop of intestine pinches out of inguinal canal
Foreskin is too tight, strangles the glans
Cryptorchidism
Testes do not descend prenatally=low sperm, testicular cancer
Orchitis
Inflamed teste
33 terms
Reproductive Disorders
hypospadias
epispadias
phimosis
paraphimosis
urethral meatus on the underside of the penis
urethral meatus on the top of the penis
foreskin cant be retracted over gland on penis
foreskin is retracted and cant be moved forward
hypospadias
urethral meatus on the underside of the penis
epispadias
urethral meatus on the top of the penis
22 terms
Reproductive disorders
Signs of ovulation
Spinnbarkeit
Ferning pattern
Female fertility assessment
Pelvic discomfort... Basal body temp drop one day before and ele…
Elasticity of cervical mucus during ovulation
Crystalization of mucus during ovulation that can be seen und…
FSH and LH levels... Progesterone levels... TSH levels... Endometrial…
Signs of ovulation
Pelvic discomfort... Basal body temp drop one day before and ele…
Spinnbarkeit
Elasticity of cervical mucus during ovulation
86 terms
Reproductive Disorders
STD
Factors that contribute to the spread…
Chlamydia
Complications of STD's include:
Any disease that can be contracted by sexual contact.May be b…
Person doesn't know they are infected due to length of time b…
Caused by Chlamydia Trachomatis (bacteria).... •Most common STD…
•Infertility (ascending infection) from scaring of fallopian…
STD
Any disease that can be contracted by sexual contact.May be b…
Factors that contribute to the spread…
Person doesn't know they are infected due to length of time b…
41 terms
reproductive disorders
vastectomy
circumcision
cryptorchidism
orchitis
cut vas deferns cant have kids
fore skin removed
testes do not descend prenatally can lead to low sperm and te…
inflamed teste
vastectomy
cut vas deferns cant have kids
circumcision
fore skin removed
67 terms
Reproductive Disorders
where is the SRY gene normally?... what d…
What does TDF (testes determining fact…
what must be present for ovarian devel…
Internal Reproductive Organs Origina…
On the short arm of the Y chromosome is the SRY gene ... This g…
TDF—TESTES DETERMINING FACTOR... Causes germ cells to differenti…
Two Xs must be present for full ovarian development
Müllerian duct becomes the internal female* reproductive s…
where is the SRY gene normally?... what d…
On the short arm of the Y chromosome is the SRY gene ... This g…
What does TDF (testes determining fact…
TDF—TESTES DETERMINING FACTOR... Causes germ cells to differenti…
66 terms
Reproductive Disorders
What are the zones that we need to know?
Which Zone has most of the enlargement…
Who gets enlarged prostates?
Where is the prostate cancer most like…
Central Zone, Peripheral Zone, Transitional Zone, Periurethra…
TZ - hyperplasia
men. by the age of 50 a large amount of men will have enlarge…
PZ
What are the zones that we need to know?
Central Zone, Peripheral Zone, Transitional Zone, Periurethra…
Which Zone has most of the enlargement…
TZ - hyperplasia
11 terms
Reproductive disorders
low levels of FSH, and high levels of…
- enlarged ovaries... - multiple small cy…
clomiphene citratem induces pituitary…
- hypogonadotropic hypogonadism ... - ano…
what causes PCOS
PCOS is characterised by:
treatment of PCOS
symptoms of kallmans syndrome
low levels of FSH, and high levels of…
what causes PCOS
- enlarged ovaries... - multiple small cy…
PCOS is characterised by:
72 terms
Reproductive Disorders
_____ is a hidden testicle
How does cryptorchidism occur?
What is the prevalence of cryptorchidi…
_____ is a surgical procedure that tet…
Cryptorchidism
Failure of complete descent of fetal testis from abdominal ca…
5% of full term males, 1% remain intra-abdominal, most resolv…
Orchiopexy
_____ is a hidden testicle
Cryptorchidism
How does cryptorchidism occur?
Failure of complete descent of fetal testis from abdominal ca…
15 terms
Reproductive disorders
BPH
Chancroid
Chlamydia
Cryptorchidism
Age associated, prostate grows and stiffens, urethra blockage
Contagious bacterial, painful ulcers on genitals
Bacteria, sexual transmitted
Failure of testes to descended prior to birth
BPH
Age associated, prostate grows and stiffens, urethra blockage
Chancroid
Contagious bacterial, painful ulcers on genitals
27 terms
Reproductive disorders
amenorrhea
candidiasis (thrush)
carcinoma in situ
chancre
absence of menstrual flow
mild fungal infection
preinvasive, asymptomatic carcinoma that can only be diagnose…
painless erosion of a papule that ulcerates superficially wit…
amenorrhea
absence of menstrual flow
candidiasis (thrush)
mild fungal infection
16 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Dysmenorrhea
Menorrhagia
Endometriosis
PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease)
Painful menstruation
Excessive bleeding during menstruation
Abnormal growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus
Inflammation of some or all of the female reproductive organs…
Dysmenorrhea
Painful menstruation
Menorrhagia
Excessive bleeding during menstruation
18 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Amenorrhea
Pre-Menstrual Syndrome(PMS)
Dysmenorrhea
Mastitis
(In women) absence of menstruation, caused by hormonal imbala…
(In women) Symptoms of irritability and mood swings before me…
(In women) Painful menstruation, caused by prostaglandins
(In women) Inflammation of the breast, caused by bacteris
Amenorrhea
(In women) absence of menstruation, caused by hormonal imbala…
Pre-Menstrual Syndrome(PMS)
(In women) Symptoms of irritability and mood swings before me…
26 terms
reproductive disorders
amenorrhea
candidiasis
carcinoma in situ
chancre
absence of menstruation
yeast infection
malignant tumor whose cells have not spread beyond the origin…
An ulceration of the genitals in the primary stage of syphilis
amenorrhea
absence of menstruation
candidiasis
yeast infection
16 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Vaginitis
Endometriosis
Toxic Shock Syndrom (TSS)
Seterility
General Infection caused by bad bacteria, poor hygiene, and v…
Endometrium grows outside the uterus caused by genetic enviro…
Bacterial infection caused by bacteria. Treated with antibiot…
Inability to produce due to endometriosis, STDs, or a hormona…
Vaginitis
General Infection caused by bad bacteria, poor hygiene, and v…
Endometriosis
Endometrium grows outside the uterus caused by genetic enviro…
10 terms
Reproductive disorders
This is often the site of cancer in ol…
Can be monitored through self examinat…
The inability to reproduce
Erectile dysfunction
Prostate cancer
Testicular cancer
Sterility
Impotence
This is often the site of cancer in ol…
Prostate cancer
Can be monitored through self examinat…
Testicular cancer
22 terms
Reproductive disorders
Erectile dysfunction
priapism
cryptorchidism
testicular torsion
inability to maintain erection
prolonged erection >4 hours
failure of one or both testes to descend into scrotum
ischemic testicular injury
Erectile dysfunction
inability to maintain erection
priapism
prolonged erection >4 hours
9 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Amenorrhea
Premenstrual syndrome
Dysmenorrhea
Menorrhagia
Without menstrual periods
Group of symptoms that are exibited just prior to the beginni…
Painful menstruation
Abnormal excessive or prolonged menstrual bleeding
Amenorrhea
Without menstrual periods
Premenstrual syndrome
Group of symptoms that are exibited just prior to the beginni…
30 terms
Reproductive disorders
Abstinence
BPH
breast cancer
BSE
Avoiding sexual activity completely
BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERTROPHY, noncancerous cause of urinary p…
A carcinoma that develops from the cells of the breast and ca…
Breast Self Exam
Abstinence
Avoiding sexual activity completely
BPH
BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERTROPHY, noncancerous cause of urinary p…
19 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Papanicolaou Test (PAP Smear)... Preparat…
Papanicolaou Test (PAP Smear)... Recommen…
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Colposcopy
24 Hours: No sexual intercourse or vaginal insertion of medic…
Within 3 years of first sexual activity... Or by turning 21
Cervical cancer risk... 80% of women have HPV... Graded 1-4, higher…
Done with PAP or if PAP comes back abnormal... Will snare parts…
Papanicolaou Test (PAP Smear)... Preparat…
24 Hours: No sexual intercourse or vaginal insertion of medic…
Papanicolaou Test (PAP Smear)... Recommen…
Within 3 years of first sexual activity... Or by turning 21
11 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Prostate Zones
Dyhydrotestosterone
5-alpha reductase inhibitor drugs
BPH
Closest to urethra: Periurethral, Transitional (hyperplasia),…
5-alpha reductase converts testosterone to DHT. DHT is an and…
Dutasteride (Avodart)... Finasteride (proscar) [this one also pr…
Lumen should be open but becomes a slit. ... Clinical features:…
Prostate Zones
Closest to urethra: Periurethral, Transitional (hyperplasia),…
Dyhydrotestosterone
5-alpha reductase converts testosterone to DHT. DHT is an and…
58 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Causes of erectile dysfunction/impotence
Hormonal as cause of erectile dysfunct…
Neurologic as cause of erectile dysfun…
Vascular as cause of erectile dysfunct…
Hormonal... Neurologic... Vascular... Psychogenic
Reduced androgen→decreased ability to maintain erection... Medic…
Lack of innervation→loss of erectile reflex mechanism (spinal…
Impaired perfusion→arterial dilation ineffective (diabetes, l…
Causes of erectile dysfunction/impotence
Hormonal... Neurologic... Vascular... Psychogenic
Hormonal as cause of erectile dysfunct…
Reduced androgen→decreased ability to maintain erection... Medic…
14 terms
Reproductive Disorders
undescended testes
erectile dysfunction
epididymitis
unguinal hernia
-one or both of the testes fails to move from the abdomen int…
-inability to sustain an erection (15-30 million american men…
-infection of the epididymis causing inflammation... causes- unt…
-intestines bulge through weak area in scrotal wall (lump, pa…
undescended testes
-one or both of the testes fails to move from the abdomen int…
erectile dysfunction
-inability to sustain an erection (15-30 million american men…
29 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Rh Baby
Breast Cancer
ova and sperm banks
Uterine Cancer
Mother is negative - but baby is positive so rejected in utero
1 out of 8 females will get it in their lifetime
Used to freeze gametes to donate
Excessive bleeding is the main symptom
Rh Baby
Mother is negative - but baby is positive so rejected in utero
Breast Cancer
1 out of 8 females will get it in their lifetime
17 terms
Reproductive: Disorders
Spermatogenesis
HRT
Endometriosis
Menorrhagia
Production of sperm
Is contraindicated in women with a history of breast cancer,…
Infertility may occur because of fibrosis and adhesions or be…
Prolonged or excessive bleeding at the time of the regular me…
Spermatogenesis
Production of sperm
HRT
Is contraindicated in women with a history of breast cancer,…
9 terms
reproductive disorders
STI's
prostate exam
breast CA
cervical cancer
chlamydia... gonorrhea ... syphillis ... herpes ... genital warts
annually in men older than 50
most common malignancy in women... tx- lumpectomy, modified radi…
increased risk with early sexual activity et multiple partners
STI's
chlamydia... gonorrhea ... syphillis ... herpes ... genital warts
prostate exam
annually in men older than 50
15 terms
Disorders of Reproductive System
Leiomyomas
Dilation and Curettage
Amenorrhea
Salpingitis
A 40-year-old female presents with cramping and excessive vag…
dilation of the cervix and scraping of the lining of the uterus
absence of menses
inflammation of the uterine tube
Leiomyomas
A 40-year-old female presents with cramping and excessive vag…
Dilation and Curettage
dilation of the cervix and scraping of the lining of the uterus
77 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Weak/decreased flow, bladder distentio…
Nocturia is a sign of obstruction (T/F)
An inflammatory disorder of the prosta…
A symptom of prostatitis that includes…
T
F
Prostatitis
Prostatodynia
Weak/decreased flow, bladder distentio…
T
Nocturia is a sign of obstruction (T/F)
F
42 terms
Reproductive Disorders
hydrocele... large enough to cause pain o…
spermatocele
varicocele... left... sonography
ligated occluded... ballon catheter
fluid trapped in scrotum ... unilateral... may occur secondary trau…
mobile, painless mass forms when efferent ducts in the epidid…
abnormal dialation of vein spermatic cord affect blood flow l…
varicocele... perserve fertility spermatic vein may be____ or __…
hydrocele... large enough to cause pain o…
fluid trapped in scrotum ... unilateral... may occur secondary trau…
spermatocele
mobile, painless mass forms when efferent ducts in the epidid…
147 terms
Reproductive disorders
Menarche
Menstrual cycle
Amenorrhea
Dx test for amenorrhea
1st menses... Sign of puberty... Body can support pregnancy... Age 9-1…
Amenorrhea... Dysmenorrhea... Menorrhagia... Metorrhagia... PMS... Menopause
Absent of menstrual flow... No menstrual flow for at least 3 mon…
PAP, MRI, blood test, and urine tests, MRI of pituitary hormo…
Menarche
1st menses... Sign of puberty... Body can support pregnancy... Age 9-1…
Menstrual cycle
Amenorrhea... Dysmenorrhea... Menorrhagia... Metorrhagia... PMS... Menopause
47 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Syphillis
Primary Stage of Syphillis
Secondary Stage of Syphillis
Latent Stage of Syphillis
infection of bacterium Treponema palladium ... - transmitted by…
(4-8 weeks) primary lesion is chancre ... - painless ulcer - no…
(6-12 weeks) skin rash ... - malaise, fever, nausea
(less than 2 years) skin lesions occur
Syphillis
infection of bacterium Treponema palladium ... - transmitted by…
Primary Stage of Syphillis
(4-8 weeks) primary lesion is chancre ... - painless ulcer - no…
74 terms
Reproductive Disorders
Leydig's cells
Seminiferous tubule
Sperm maturity
Vas deferens
Produce Testosterone
produces spermatozoa
64 days. 12-20 of these spend in Epididymis between testes an…
conducts sperm to seminal vesicles through abdominal cavity.…
Leydig's cells
Produce Testosterone
Seminiferous tubule
produces spermatozoa
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