# Study sets matching "research chapter 8"

Study sets

Diagrams

Classes

Users

Conceptual framework (model)

Conceptual map (Schematic model)

Conceptual Model

Descriptive theory

Interrelated concepts or abstractions assembled together in a…

A schematic representation of a theory that graphically repres…

interrelated concepts or abstractions assembled together in a…

A broad characterization that thoroughly accounts for a phenom…

Conceptual framework (model)

Interrelated concepts or abstractions assembled together in a…

Conceptual map (Schematic model)

A schematic representation of a theory that graphically repres…

Objectives

Quantitative Approach

Quantitative

Qualitative

Define research design.... Identify the purposes of research desi…

Used when... Purpose of study is to measure the effect of an inte…

Systematic... Ojbective... Deductvie ... Poteitlaly "generalizeable"…

Systematic... subjective (to an extent)... Inductive ... Potentially…

Objectives

Define research design.... Identify the purposes of research desi…

Quantitative Approach

Used when... Purpose of study is to measure the effect of an inte…

Grand theories

Middle range theories

Statistical models

Schematic method

purport to explain large segments of the human experience

theoreis that explain a portion of the human experience

mathematic equations that express the nature ad magnitude of r…

represents a phenomenon of interest in a diagram

Grand theories

purport to explain large segments of the human experience

Middle range theories

theoreis that explain a portion of the human experience

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Confounding Variable

How are confounding variables related t…

Posttest Design Only

Pretest/Posttest Design

A variable that varies along with the independent variable> Co…

When the results of an experiment can confidently be attribute…

1. Obtain two equivalent groups of participants.... 2. Introduce…

Makes sure the participants were in fact equivelant at the beg…

Confounding Variable

A variable that varies along with the independent variable> Co…

How are confounding variables related t…

When the results of an experiment can confidently be attribute…

Bias

Blinding

Causality

Comparative descriptive design

Influence or action in a study that distorts the findings or s…

Withholding of study information from data collectors, partici…

Relationship that includes three conditions: (1) there must be…

Design used to describe differences in variables in two or mor…

Bias

Influence or action in a study that distorts the findings or s…

Blinding

Withholding of study information from data collectors, partici…

Cross-Sectional Correlation

Cross-Lag Correlation

Autocorrelation

Control For

In a longitudinal design, a correlation between two variables…

In a longitudinal design, a correlation between an earlier mea…

The correlation of one variable with itself, measured at two d…

Holding a potential third variable steady while investigating…

Cross-Sectional Correlation

In a longitudinal design, a correlation between two variables…

Cross-Lag Correlation

In a longitudinal design, a correlation between an earlier mea…

A theory

Concept

Postulate

Theory in Occupational Therapy

A network of explanations; provides concepts that label and de…

A term that describes, defines, and provides a specific way of…

A rule that demonstrates relationships between concepts, asser…

Explains how an occupation is performed, an occupational probl…

A theory

A network of explanations; provides concepts that label and de…

Concept

A term that describes, defines, and provides a specific way of…

Correlational Research

Minimum Sample Size

Do correlational studies have to focus…

Can correlational studies indicate casu…

Involves collecting data to determine whether, and to what deg…

30 participants (usually); 30 in each subgroup if analyzing mu…

No, correlational studies typically investigate a number of va…

No, they can lead to casual-comparative studies or experimenta…

Correlational Research

Involves collecting data to determine whether, and to what deg…

Minimum Sample Size

30 participants (usually); 30 in each subgroup if analyzing mu…

construct validity

content validity

continuous variable

criterion-related validity

extent to which an instrument or test measures an intended hyp…

extent to which an instrument or test measures an intended con…

variable that takes on an infinite number of different values…

extent to which an instrument or test measures a particular co…

construct validity

extent to which an instrument or test measures an intended hyp…

content validity

extent to which an instrument or test measures an intended con…

Bias

Blinding

Causality

Comparative descriptive design

Influence or action in a study that distorts the findings or s…

Withholding of study information from data collectors, partici…

Relationship that includes three conditions: (1) there must be…

Design used to describe differences in variables in two or mor…

Bias

Influence or action in a study that distorts the findings or s…

Blinding

Withholding of study information from data collectors, partici…

bivariate correlation (bivariate associ…

effect size based on r

R

One *

An association that involves exactly two variables

Small/weak= .10... Med/ moderate= .3... Larg/ strong= .5

Correlation coefficient

P < .05

bivariate correlation (bivariate associ…

An association that involves exactly two variables

effect size based on r

Small/weak= .10... Med/ moderate= .3... Larg/ strong= .5

experiment

treatment

experimental group

control group

a scientific procedure undertaken to make a discovery, test a…

...

group in experiment which receives the stimulus

group that does not receive the stimulus

experiment

a scientific procedure undertaken to make a discovery, test a…

treatment

...

Measures range from _____ ______ to ___…

Example ways to "measure" a phoneme

Quantitative data fits one of four leve…

Nominal Level

- Written symbols... - Physiological markers

- Transcribe with phonetic symbols... - Generate an ultrasound i…

1. Nominal ... 2. Ordinal... 3. Interval... 4. Ratio

Name or label an attribute or trait. ... Assign instances to a c…

Measures range from _____ ______ to ___…

- Written symbols... - Physiological markers

Example ways to "measure" a phoneme

- Transcribe with phonetic symbols... - Generate an ultrasound i…

construct validity

content validity

continuous variable

criterion-related validity

extent to which an instrument or test measure an intended hypo…

extent to which an instrument or test measures an intended con…

variable that takes on an infinite number of different values…

extend to which an instrument or test measures a particular co…

construct validity

extent to which an instrument or test measure an intended hypo…

content validity

extent to which an instrument or test measures an intended con…

Internal Validity

History

HISTORY=

maturation

A type of evaluation in your experiment; it asks whether your…

a threat to internal validity; refers to events that occur bet…

DISTRACTION (big or small)

a threat to internal validity' refers to changes in participan…

Internal Validity

A type of evaluation in your experiment; it asks whether your…

History

a threat to internal validity; refers to events that occur bet…

sampling

central limit theorem

normally distributed

population

a scientific technique that allows a researcher to learn somet…

the theoretical basis upon which the science of sampling is ba…

a condition describing data that exist in a normal distribution

the entire set of individuals or groups that is relevant to a…

sampling

a scientific technique that allows a researcher to learn somet…

central limit theorem

the theoretical basis upon which the science of sampling is ba…

Basic types of experimental designs

between subjects design

The experimenter manipulates 1 IV and a…

Each participant in between subjects de…

Between subjects design... Within subjects design

Comparing different groups of individuals to different treatme…

between subjects design

1 score

Basic types of experimental designs

Between subjects design... Within subjects design

between subjects design

Comparing different groups of individuals to different treatme…

Bivariate Correlations

Mean

T-Test

Effect Size

An association that involves exactly two variables

Average

A statistical test used to evaluate the size and significance…

The magnitude of a relationship between two or more variables

Bivariate Correlations

An association that involves exactly two variables

Mean

Average

quasi-experimental

diachronic research

synchronic research

nonequivalent-groups designs

a term describing study designs that "something like" an exper…

research in which an event or behavior is scientifically obser…

any study in which an event is observed as it occurs at one po…

nonrandomnized research in which the responses of a treatment…

quasi-experimental

a term describing study designs that "something like" an exper…

diachronic research

research in which an event or behavior is scientifically obser…

Researchers face numerous conceptual, p…

Refers to the accuracy and consistency…

Reliability refers to the accuracy and…

____ in qualitative research encompasse…

quantitative, qualitative

Reliability

Validity

Trustworthiness

Researchers face numerous conceptual, p…

quantitative, qualitative

Refers to the accuracy and consistency…

Reliability

Conceptual framework (model)

Conceptual map (Schematic model)

Descriptive theory

Framework

Interrelated concepts or abstractions assembled together in a…

A schematic representation of a theory that graphically repres…

A broad characterization that thoroughly accounts for a phenom…

The conceptual underpinnings of a study. p.50,135,142-144,381

Conceptual framework (model)

Interrelated concepts or abstractions assembled together in a…

Conceptual map (Schematic model)

A schematic representation of a theory that graphically repres…

Theory

Descriptive theory

Middle-ranged theories

Conceptual model

An abstract generalization that explains how phenomena are int…

Accounts for band thoroughly describes a phenomenon. Inductive…

Attempt to explain phenomena like stress,confort, and health p…

Deals with abstractions that are assembled because of their re…

Theory

An abstract generalization that explains how phenomena are int…

Descriptive theory

Accounts for band thoroughly describes a phenomenon. Inductive…

The nurse is critiquing an experimental…

Which of the following statements about…

The nurse researcher is evaluating a co…

factorial design

random sampling, control of intervention , control group

-effect cannot occur unless the cause first occurs ... - greater…

large sample... sample representing all elements of the populatio…

two or more levels of treatment

The nurse is critiquing an experimental…

random sampling, control of intervention , control group

Which of the following statements about…

-effect cannot occur unless the cause first occurs ... - greater…

The systemic assignment of numerical va…

What are the four levels of measurement?

Represents the lowest level of measurem…

Numbers do not represent amounts; can b…

Measurement

Nominal, ordinal, interval, ratio

Nominal

Nominal

The systemic assignment of numerical va…

Measurement

What are the four levels of measurement?

Nominal, ordinal, interval, ratio

Bivariate Correlation

Mean

T Test

Effect Size

An association that involves exactly two variables

An arithmethic average; a measure of central tendency computed…

A statistical test used to evaluate the size and significance…

The magnitude of the relationship between two or more variables

Bivariate Correlation

An association that involves exactly two variables

Mean

An arithmethic average; a measure of central tendency computed…