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Study sets matching "research chapter 8"

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Study sets matching "research chapter 8"

18 terms
Research Chapter 8
Construct Validity
Content Validity
Continuous Variable
Criterion-related Validity
Extent to which an instrument of test measures an intended hy…
Extent to which an instrument or test measures an intended co…
Variable that takes on an infinite number of different values…
Extent to which an instrument or test measures a particular c…
Construct Validity
Extent to which an instrument of test measures an intended hy…
Content Validity
Extent to which an instrument or test measures an intended co…
31 terms
Chapter 8: Survey Research
survey research
versatile
efficiency
generalizability
research in which information is obtained from a sample of in…
well-designed surveys can enhance our understanding of just a…
data can be collected at a relatively LOW COST and, depending…
uses of probability sampling from LARGE POPULATIONS
survey research
research in which information is obtained from a sample of in…
versatile
well-designed surveys can enhance our understanding of just a…
12 terms
Chapter 8 Health Research
Cold-deck imputation
Cross-sectional survey
Deductive imputation
Hot-deck imputation
In chapter 8, what is the method for minimizing the effect of…
In chapter 8, in this type of survey, data of a sample or cro…
In chapter 8,what is a method for minimizing the effect of mi…
In chapter 8, what is a method for minimizing the effect of m…
Cold-deck imputation
In chapter 8, what is the method for minimizing the effect of…
Cross-sectional survey
In chapter 8, in this type of survey, data of a sample or cro…
14 terms
research methods chapter 8
bivariate correlation
curvilinear association
directionality problem
effect size
An association that involves exactly two variables. Also call…
An association between two variables which is not a straight…
A situation in which it is unclear which variable in an assoc…
The magnitude of a relationship between two or more variables.
bivariate correlation
An association that involves exactly two variables. Also call…
curvilinear association
An association between two variables which is not a straight…
25 terms
Research Chapter 8
bias
consistency
control
control group
a distortion in the data-analysis results
data are collected from each subject in ths tudy in exactly t…
measures used to hold uniform or constant the conditions unde…
the group in an experimental investigation that does not rece…
bias
a distortion in the data-analysis results
consistency
data are collected from each subject in ths tudy in exactly t…
23 terms
Research Methods Chapter 8
Criteria for Causality
Characteristics of Survey Research
Advantage of Survey Research
Disadvantages of Survey Research
1. A statistical correlation between the two variables.... 2. Th…
Large Scale probability sampling... • While this is ideal there…
Ability to provide detailed and precise information about a h…
Limit ability to make causal claims... • Ex. Low internal validi…
Criteria for Causality
1. A statistical correlation between the two variables.... 2. Th…
Characteristics of Survey Research
Large Scale probability sampling... • While this is ideal there…
85 terms
chapter 8 research
The nurse is critiquing an experimenta…
Which of the following statements abou…
The nurse researcher is evaluating a c…
factorial design
random sampling, control of intervention , control group
-effect cannot occur unless the cause first occurs ... - greater…
large sample... sample representing all elements of the populati…
two or more levels of treatment
The nurse is critiquing an experimenta…
random sampling, control of intervention , control group
Which of the following statements abou…
-effect cannot occur unless the cause first occurs ... - greater…
Research - Chapter 8 - Research Designs
Research Design
Design Validity
Nonexperimental Designs
Cross-sectional design
A blueprint for conducting a study
Strengths increase the probability that the study findings ar…
- Descriptive and correlational designs... - The focus is on exa…
Examines a group of subjects simultaneously in various stages…
Research Design
A blueprint for conducting a study
Design Validity
Strengths increase the probability that the study findings ar…
26 terms
Research in Counseling Chapter 8
Action Research
Practical Action Research
Participatory Action Research
Clinical Significance
Focus on obtaining info that will change conditions in a part…
Focuses on the application aspect of conducting a study in th…
(Collaborative) is similar in nature to the practical action…
Interested in what professional counselors can use in the sco…
Action Research
Focus on obtaining info that will change conditions in a part…
Practical Action Research
Focuses on the application aspect of conducting a study in th…
18 terms
research chapter 8
construct validity
content validity
continuous variable
criterion-related variable
extent to which an instrument or test measures an intended hy…
extent to which an instrument or test measures an intended co…
variable that takes on an infinite number of different values…
extent to which an instrument or test measures a particular c…
construct validity
extent to which an instrument or test measures an intended hy…
content validity
extent to which an instrument or test measures an intended co…
18 terms
chapter 8 research
construct validity
content validity
continuous variable
criterion-related validity
extent to which an instrument or test measure an intended hyp…
extent to which an instrument or test measures an intended co…
variable that takes on an infinite number of different values…
extend to which an instrument or test measures a particular c…
construct validity
extent to which an instrument or test measure an intended hyp…
content validity
extent to which an instrument or test measures an intended co…
12 terms
Research Chapter 8
Bivariate Correlation
Mean
T Test
Effect Size
An association that involves exactly two variables
An arithmethic average; a measure of central tendency compute…
A statistical test used to evaluate the size and significance…
The magnitude of the relationship between two or more variables
Bivariate Correlation
An association that involves exactly two variables
Mean
An arithmethic average; a measure of central tendency compute…
51 terms
Educational Research Chapter 8: Correlational Research
Correlational Research
Minimum Sample Size
Do correlational studies have to focus…
Can correlational studies indicate cas…
Involves collecting data to determine whether, and to what de…
30 participants (usually); 30 in each subgroup if analyzing m…
No, correlational studies typically investigate a number of v…
No, they can lead to casual-comparative studies or experiment…
Correlational Research
Involves collecting data to determine whether, and to what de…
Minimum Sample Size
30 participants (usually); 30 in each subgroup if analyzing m…
18 terms
Chapter 8 research
Theory
Descriptive theory
Middle-ranged theories
Conceptual model
An abstract generalization that explains how phenomena are in…
Accounts for band thoroughly describes a phenomenon. Inductiv…
Attempt to explain phenomena like stress,confort, and health…
Deals with abstractions that are assembled because of their r…
Theory
An abstract generalization that explains how phenomena are in…
Descriptive theory
Accounts for band thoroughly describes a phenomenon. Inductiv…
36 terms
Research Methods Chapter 8
Survey research
Omnibus survey
Split-ballot design
Satisfice
Research in which information is obtained from a sample of in…
A survey that covers a range of topics of interest to differe…
Unique questions or other modifications in a survey administe…
When survey respondents reduce the effort required to answer…
Survey research
Research in which information is obtained from a sample of in…
Omnibus survey
A survey that covers a range of topics of interest to differe…
8 terms
Research chapter 8
Conceptual framework (model)
Conceptual map (Schematic model)
Descriptive theory
Framework
Interrelated concepts or abstractions assembled together in a…
A schematic representation of a theory that graphically repre…
A broad characterization that thoroughly accounts for a pheno…
The conceptual underpinnings of a study. p.50,135,142-144,381
Conceptual framework (model)
Interrelated concepts or abstractions assembled together in a…
Conceptual map (Schematic model)
A schematic representation of a theory that graphically repre…
12 terms
Chapter 8: Bivariate Correlational Research
Bivariate Correlation
Mean
T-test
Effect Size
Association that involves exactly two variables
Arithmetic Average; used in bar graphs instead of scatter plots
Statistic to test whether the difference between means is sta…
Describes the strength of an association
Bivariate Correlation
Association that involves exactly two variables
Mean
Arithmetic Average; used in bar graphs instead of scatter plots
23 terms
CHAPTER 8: SURVEY RESEARCH
Reasons for Collecting Primary Data
Quantitive VS. Qualitative
The most popular way to gather data
The pros and cons of [Survey]
- need to describe situation , process, purchase variables... -…
= bulk of surveys are quantitative (numbers based) - results…
Survey
P:... -It can accommodate large sample size... - reduce the error i…
Reasons for Collecting Primary Data
- need to describe situation , process, purchase variables... -…
Quantitive VS. Qualitative
= bulk of surveys are quantitative (numbers based) - results…
19 terms
Chapter 8 - Quanitative Research
Quantitative Research
Research Design
Control
Independent Variable
The investigation or a phenomena that leads themselves to a p…
The plan or blueprint of a study
The process of holding constant extraneous influence on the v…
Can be manipulated
Quantitative Research
The investigation or a phenomena that leads themselves to a p…
Research Design
The plan or blueprint of a study
29 terms
Research - Chapter 8
Define Classical Theory
Define Descriptive Theory
What is a Grand Theory (or Macro-Theor…
What does high-quality research require?
A broad abstract generalization to SYSTEMATICALLY explains re…
A theory that THOROUGHLY describes a single phenomenon, based…
A theory that attempts to explain large segments of human exp…
Conceptual Integration: That means reasearchers must identify…
Define Classical Theory
A broad abstract generalization to SYSTEMATICALLY explains re…
Define Descriptive Theory
A theory that THOROUGHLY describes a single phenomenon, based…
26 terms
Research methods chapter 8
sampling
central limit theorem
normally distributed
population
a scientific technique that allows a researcher to learn some…
the theoretical basis upon which the science of sampling is b…
a condition describing data that exist in a normal distribution
the entire set of individuals or groups that is relevant to a…
sampling
a scientific technique that allows a researcher to learn some…
central limit theorem
the theoretical basis upon which the science of sampling is b…
25 terms
Research Methods Chapter 8
all-possible-orders design
between-subjects design
block randomization
block-randomization design
(also called complete counterbalancing) a within-subjects des…
an experimental design in which different participants are as…
an experimental procedure in which researchers conduct a roun…
a within-subjects design in which every participant is expose…
all-possible-orders design
(also called complete counterbalancing) a within-subjects des…
between-subjects design
an experimental design in which different participants are as…
23 terms
Chapter 8 - Research
What are three kinds of variables in r…
Researcher puts poster in bathroom to…
Qualitative research is _________ and…
What does qualitative research not have?
- Independent: variables manipulated by the researcher... - Dep…
Independent: whether or not the poster on the wall, manipulat…
- explorative... - what... - how
- doesn't have hypothesis which is a prediction ... - qualitativ…
What are three kinds of variables in r…
- Independent: variables manipulated by the researcher... - Dep…
Researcher puts poster in bathroom to…
Independent: whether or not the poster on the wall, manipulat…
21 terms
chapter 8: research
what is a theory?
classical theory
descriptive theory
grand theory
an abstraction that purports to account for or explain phenom…
an abstract generalization that systematically explains relat…
theory that thoroughly describes a phenomenon, based on rich…
attempts to explain large aspects of human experiences
what is a theory?
an abstraction that purports to account for or explain phenom…
classical theory
an abstract generalization that systematically explains relat…
48 terms
Marketing Research Chapter 8
Measurement
Properties
Objective properties
Subjective properties
determining a description or the amount of some property of a…
the specific features or characteristics of an object that ca…
physically verifiable characteristics such as age, income, nu…
cannot be directly observed because they are mental construct…
Measurement
determining a description or the amount of some property of a…
Properties
the specific features or characteristics of an object that ca…
197 terms
Chapter 8: Research and Program Evaluation
Positivism
Post-positivism
Constructivism
Critical Paradigm
the belief that knowledge should be derived from scientific o…
the truth can only be approximated because of inherent error…
A philosophy of learning based on the premise that people con…
A philosophy paradigm that centers on researchers taking a pr…
Positivism
the belief that knowledge should be derived from scientific o…
Post-positivism
the truth can only be approximated because of inherent error…
8 terms
Political Research Chapter 8
correlation analysis
dummy variable
regression analysis
regression coefficient
strength and direction of a relation between two interval-lev…
if a variable applies value is 1 if it doesn't apply the valu…
estimates the size of the effect of the independent variable…
the term b represents the slop of the line
correlation analysis
strength and direction of a relation between two interval-lev…
dummy variable
if a variable applies value is 1 if it doesn't apply the valu…
10 terms
Research Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Conceptual framework
Conceptual map
Conceptual model
Descriptive theory
in a study that has its roots in a specified conceptual model…
a schematic representation of a theory or conceptual model th…
interrelated concepts or abstractions assembled together in a…
a broad characterization that thoroughly accounts for a pheno…
Conceptual framework
in a study that has its roots in a specified conceptual model…
Conceptual map
a schematic representation of a theory or conceptual model th…
30 terms
Research Communication Chapter 8
Content Analysis
External Validity
Example of content analysis
Narrative Discourse
Primarily a quantitative method of describing and categorizin…
Refers to the accuracy of applying the findings from one stud…
Kubrin wanted to examine the ways that rap music represents l…
Narrative discourse occurs when one communicator has greater…
Content Analysis
Primarily a quantitative method of describing and categorizin…
External Validity
Refers to the accuracy of applying the findings from one stud…
24 terms
Chapter 8 Research Methods
Generalizability
Sampling Frame
Unit of Analysis
Random Sampling
Ensuring that a researcher's findings will apply to other peo…
A realistic version of your population; the ones you can iden…
Sampling units
A sample in which everyone in your sampling frame has an equa…
Generalizability
Ensuring that a researcher's findings will apply to other peo…
Sampling Frame
A realistic version of your population; the ones you can iden…
32 terms
Theory and Research Chapter 8
Participants
Informants
Purposive
Key informants
Individuals in a qualitative study; informants
Individuals in a qualitative study; participants
Sampling method to recruit specific persons who could provide…
Individuals who have intimate knowledge of a subject
Participants
Individuals in a qualitative study; informants
Informants
Individuals in a qualitative study; participants
18 terms
research chapter 8
construct validity
content validity
continuous variable
criterion-related variable
extent to which an instrument or test measures an intended hy…
extent to which an instrument or test measures an intended co…
variable that takes on an infinite number of different values…
extent to which an instrument or test measures a particular c…
construct validity
extent to which an instrument or test measures an intended hy…
content validity
extent to which an instrument or test measures an intended co…
45 terms
Marketing Research chapter 8
Measurement
Properties
Objective properties
Subjective properties
determining a description or amount of some property of an ob…
the specific features or characteristics of an object that ca…
observable and tangible; age, income, store last visited etc.
unobservable and intangible, and they must be translated onto…
Measurement
determining a description or amount of some property of an ob…
Properties
the specific features or characteristics of an object that ca…
20 terms
Chapter 8: Research Methods
What is an association claim?
Bivariate Associations
scatterplot... bar graph
Line that fits to the data
When both variables are measured, as opposed to manipulated
Researchers measure the first variable and then measure the s…
correlation coefficient r describes relationship... differenc…
by minimizing the sum of squared residuals
What is an association claim?
When both variables are measured, as opposed to manipulated
Bivariate Associations
Researchers measure the first variable and then measure the s…
17 terms
Market Research Chapter 8
questionairre
questionairre design steps
unstructured questions
structured questions
a formal framework consists of a set of questions and scales…
1. confirm research objectives... 2. select appropriate data col…
open-ended questions formatted to allow respondents to reply…
closed-ended questions that require the respondent to choose…
questionairre
a formal framework consists of a set of questions and scales…
questionairre design steps
1. confirm research objectives... 2. select appropriate data col…
49 terms
Chapter 8 mkting research
measurement
properties
objective properties
subjective properties
determining a description or amount of some property of an ob…
the specific features or characteristics of an object that ca…
Physically verifiable characteristics such as age, income, nu…
Unobservable and intangible, and they must be translated onto…
measurement
determining a description or amount of some property of an ob…
properties
the specific features or characteristics of an object that ca…
26 terms
research methods chapter 8
survey research
why is survey research the most popula…
versatility
effciency
involves the collection of information from a sample of indiv…
-versatility... -efficiency... -generalizability ... -each of these f…
-survey methods are versatile... -not the ideal method for test…
surveys also are popular bc data can be collected from many p…
survey research
involves the collection of information from a sample of indiv…
why is survey research the most popula…
-versatility... -efficiency... -generalizability ... -each of these f…
70 terms
Chapter 8 Marketing Research
measurement
scaling
4 Characteristics of Data
description
applying rules and assigning values to characteristics of obj…
a continuum where measurement values are located
description, order, distance, origin
data is only descriptive
measurement
applying rules and assigning values to characteristics of obj…
scaling
a continuum where measurement values are located
15 terms
Research Methods Chapter 8
Probability Sampling
Sampling Frame
Sampling Distribution
Bias
Two elements in Sampling ... 1. Representation ... 2.Generalization
List of elements in the population... Serve as real world versio…
Range of sample statistic will be obtain if we select many sa…
those selected are not typical or representative
Probability Sampling
Two elements in Sampling ... 1. Representation ... 2.Generalization
Sampling Frame
List of elements in the population... Serve as real world versio…
34 terms
Research Methods Chapter 8
Correlation
Bivariate Correlation (Association)
How can we examine Bivariate Correlati…
Scatterplot
Covariance represents the degree to which two variables vary…
An association that involves exactly two variables. Two varia…
Make a scatterplot or graph.
-When we have two continuous variables, scatterplots provide…
Correlation
Covariance represents the degree to which two variables vary…
Bivariate Correlation (Association)
An association that involves exactly two variables. Two varia…
12 terms
Chapter 8-Bivariate Correlational Research
bivariate correlation (p.204)
mean (p.208)
t test (p.209)
effect size (p.210)
An association that involves exactly two variables.
An arithmetic average; a measure of central tendency computed…
A statistical test used to evaluate the size and significance…
The magnitude of a relationship between two or more variables.
bivariate correlation (p.204)
An association that involves exactly two variables.
mean (p.208)
An arithmetic average; a measure of central tendency computed…
46 terms
Research II-Chapter 8
Which type of team involves a group of…
Which type of team involves a group of…
Which type of team involves a group of…
The process of identifying a problem (…
Multidisciplinary team
Interdisciplinary Team
Transdisciplinary Team
Diagnosis
Which type of team involves a group of…
Multidisciplinary team
Which type of team involves a group of…
Interdisciplinary Team
46 terms
Chapter 8 - Market Research
properties
objective properties
subjective properties
scale development
the specific features or characteristics of an object that ca…
physically verifiable characteristics such as age, income, nu…
properties that cannot be directly observed because they are…
designing questions and response formats to measure the subje…
properties
the specific features or characteristics of an object that ca…
objective properties
physically verifiable characteristics such as age, income, nu…
16 terms
Marketing Research Chapter 8
Questionnaire
Unstructured Questions
Structured questions
Sensitive Questions
A formal framework consisting of a set of questions and scale…
Open-ended questions formatted to allow respondents to reply…
Closed-ended questions that require the respondents to choose…
Include income, sexual beliefs or behaviors, medical conditio…
Questionnaire
A formal framework consisting of a set of questions and scale…
Unstructured Questions
Open-ended questions formatted to allow respondents to reply…
56 terms
MKT Research Chapter 8
Causality
Casual Experimentation Research Parts
Concomitant variation
Time order of occurrence condition
Causality When the occurrence of X increases the probability…
Field Experiments... Laboratory Experiments
is the extent to which a cause, X, and an effect, Y, occur to…
States that the causing event must occur either before or sim…
Causality
Causality When the occurrence of X increases the probability…
Casual Experimentation Research Parts
Field Experiments... Laboratory Experiments
13 terms
Research Methods Chapter 8
Bivariate Correlation(association)
Construct Validity
Statistical Significane
Statistical Validity
an association that involves exactly two variables
how well was each variable measured ... was each measured reliably
The conclusion a researcher reaches regarding how likely it i…
How strong is the relationship... is the correlation statictical…
Bivariate Correlation(association)
an association that involves exactly two variables
Construct Validity
how well was each variable measured ... was each measured reliably
30 terms
Chapter 8 & 9 research
Bivariate correlation/association
Bar graph
Construct, Statistical, Internal and E…
Construct validity
What is an association that involves exactly two variables?
If you are interested in a categorical variable, which scale…
What are the four types of validity for association claims?
What validity answers the question How well was each variable…
Bivariate correlation/association
What is an association that involves exactly two variables?
Bar graph
If you are interested in a categorical variable, which scale…
21 terms
Research Methods I Chapter 8
Criterion Variable
Cross-lagged Panel Correlation Design
Dependent Variable
Factor
The variable being predicted in a regression analysis; the de…
A research design in which two variables are measured at two…
The response measured in a study, typically a measure of part…
(1) In experimental analysis, an independent variable. (2) In…
Criterion Variable
The variable being predicted in a regression analysis; the de…
Cross-lagged Panel Correlation Design
A research design in which two variables are measured at two…
30 terms
Research Methods Chapter 8
Sampling
Population
Sample
Sample Elements
Is the process of selecting a set of elements (e.g., people),…
The set of individuals or other entities to which we wish to…
A subset of elements drawn from the population.
Individual members of the sample.
Sampling
Is the process of selecting a set of elements (e.g., people),…
Population
The set of individuals or other entities to which we wish to…
22 terms
Research Methods Chapter 8
blinding
block randomization
control group
crossover randomization
experimental approach in which information that may lead to i…
design approach that groups experimental units together usual…
participant group in which the independent variable is delive…
experimental design strategy that requires all participants b…
blinding
experimental approach in which information that may lead to i…
block randomization
design approach that groups experimental units together usual…
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