#### Study sets matching "research designs"

#### Study sets matching "research designs"

Descriptive Research

Cross-sectional study

Cohort study

Case control study

Non- manipulative, can be qualitative or quantitative

observational/ descriptive- estimate prevalence of disease or…

Also known as longitudinal observational design- a group (coh…

Compares individuals who have a disease with individuals who…

Descriptive Research

Non- manipulative, can be qualitative or quantitative

Cross-sectional study

observational/ descriptive- estimate prevalence of disease or…

Historical Design

Good and Scates

Historical Design

Historical Research

may be defined as the "branch of knowledge concerned with pas…

search for knowledge and the truth

Any integrated narrative or descriptive past events or facts…

Is a systematic and critical inquiry of the whole truth of pa…

Historical Design

may be defined as the "branch of knowledge concerned with pas…

Good and Scates

search for knowledge and the truth

General Research Designs

Correlational Design

Correlation Coefficient

Experimental Design

Correlational and Experimental

Researchers gather information on individuals, generally in n…

a number that describes how two measures, or variables, are a…

Permits inferences about cause and effect because researchers…

General Research Designs

Correlational and Experimental

Correlational Design

Researchers gather information on individuals, generally in n…

Confounds

Correlation

Dependent variable

Experimenter expectations

Factors that undermine the ability to draw causal inferences…

Measures the association between two variables, or how they g…

The variable the researcher measures but does not manipulate…

When the experimenter's bias influence the outcome of a study.

Confounds

Factors that undermine the ability to draw causal inferences…

Correlation

Measures the association between two variables, or how they g…

Internal validity

External validity

Predictive validity (criterion validity)

Concurrent validity

- Degree to which a design rules out the influence of extrane…

- Generalization to real world... - Inferential generality: Can…

A test predicts future performance on related task.

A new test correlates with an established test of known valid…

Internal validity

- Degree to which a design rules out the influence of extrane…

External validity

- Generalization to real world... - Inferential generality: Can…

Validity

Reliability

Facilitated Communication

Heuristics

Extent to which a measure assesses what it purports to measure

If the study can produce consistent results

A revolutionary treatment for autism. Experimenter sat next t…

Mental shortcuts or rules of thumb. ... Reduce the cognitive ene…

Validity

Extent to which a measure assesses what it purports to measure

Reliability

If the study can produce consistent results

Descriptive study

non-experimental designs

Two types of non-experimental designs

Correlation study

measures single variable

involves the measurement of two or more variables

-correlation study... -quasi-experiment

measurement of two or more continuous variables

Descriptive study

measures single variable

non-experimental designs

involves the measurement of two or more variables

Correlational Design

Correlation

Positive Correlation

Negative Correlation

tests the relationship between two variables; does not prove…

the strength of a relationship; can be positive or negative;…

if one variable increases so does the other; if one variable…

if one variable increases the other variable decreases and vi…

Correlational Design

tests the relationship between two variables; does not prove…

Correlation

the strength of a relationship; can be positive or negative;…

Soorten research design

Deductie

Inductie

Dependent variable

Experimenteel... Longitudinal... Cross Selectional... Case Study... Etnog…

Logisch beredeneren door uitsluiting

Systematisch de werkelijkheid observeren en daaruit regelmati…

Uitkomst (Y)

Soorten research design

Experimenteel... Longitudinal... Cross Selectional... Case Study... Etnog…

Deductie

Logisch beredeneren door uitsluiting

Experimental Methods

Operational definition

Validity

Within-subjects design

Research methodologies that involve the manipulation of indep…

A definition of a variable or condition in terms of the speci…

The extent to which a test measures what it was intended to m…

A research that uses each participant as his or her own contr…

Experimental Methods

Research methodologies that involve the manipulation of indep…

Operational definition

A definition of a variable or condition in terms of the speci…

Correlation design

Longitudinal design

Advantages/Disadvantages to Longitudin…

Cross-Sectional Design

look at relations as they exist in the real world can be posi…

the same individual(s) are tested repeatedly

Advantages: stability/continuity Disadvantages: expensive, co…

children of different ages are tested

Correlation design

look at relations as they exist in the real world can be posi…

Longitudinal design

the same individual(s) are tested repeatedly

Functional Relationship

A functional can be repeated with diff…

A-B Design

A-B-A-B Reversal design

Established when the Dependent and INdependent variable is ma…

Behaviors, people and or settings

A is the baseline while B is the treatment stage

Baseline-Treatment-B-T

Functional Relationship

Established when the Dependent and INdependent variable is ma…

A functional can be repeated with diff…

Behaviors, people and or settings

Randomized control trial (RCT)

single subject design

Clinical control trials

repeated measures

group design, manipulating, randomized, btw groups, prospecti…

individual, analytical, experimental design, manipulative, no…

quasi experimental designs, analytical, non-randomized, manip…

quasi experimental design, analytical, group, manipulative, n…

Randomized control trial (RCT)

group design, manipulating, randomized, btw groups, prospecti…

single subject design

individual, analytical, experimental design, manipulative, no…

confounds

correlation

dependent variable

experimenter expectations

factors that undermine the ability to draw casual inferences…

measures the association between two variables, or how they g…

the variable the researcher measures but does not manipulate…

when the experimenter's expectations influence the outcome of…

confounds

factors that undermine the ability to draw casual inferences…

correlation

measures the association between two variables, or how they g…

Confounds

Correlation

Dependent variable

Experimenter expectations

Factors that undermine the ability to draw causal inferences…

Measures the association between two variables, or how they g…

The variable the researcher measures but does not manipulate…

When the experimenter's expectations influence the outcome of…

Confounds

Factors that undermine the ability to draw causal inferences…

Correlation

Measures the association between two variables, or how they g…

system 1 thinking

system 2 thinking

heuristic

research design

using gut hunches, also called intuitive thinking, quick and…

takes mental effort, also called analytical thinking, slow an…

mental shortcut that helps us streamline our thinking and mak…

systematic techniques developed by scientists in psychology a…

system 1 thinking

using gut hunches, also called intuitive thinking, quick and…

system 2 thinking

takes mental effort, also called analytical thinking, slow an…

Research design

Research Design: Exploratory

Research Design: Conclusive

Research Design: Descriptive

Research design: a framework of blueprint for conducting the…

Exploratory: One type of research design that has as its prim…

Conclusive: Research designed to assist the decision maker in…

Descriptive: A type of conclusive research that has as its ma…

Research design

Research design: a framework of blueprint for conducting the…

Research Design: Exploratory

Exploratory: One type of research design that has as its prim…

Experiment

Quasi Experiment

NON Experiment

Internal validity for design types

-A group with comparison groups... -ALWAYS has experimental mani…

-Comparison groups ... -Sometimes manipulation ... -NO random assig…

One group with no comparison groups

High: Experiment (causes), few alternative explanations ... Medi…

Experiment

-A group with comparison groups... -ALWAYS has experimental mani…

Quasi Experiment

-Comparison groups ... -Sometimes manipulation ... -NO random assig…

Quantitative research designs

Qualitative research designs

Nominal Variables

Categorical Variables

aim to develop hypotheses and to test theory through the appl…

aim to develop new theory directly from the observation of th…

Either-or; for example: male/female

Categories; for example, high-medium-low income

Quantitative research designs

aim to develop hypotheses and to test theory through the appl…

Qualitative research designs

aim to develop new theory directly from the observation of th…

Longitudinal Study

Third Variable Problem

Confound

Construct Validity

...

A problem that occurs when the researcher cannot directly man…

Anything that affects a dependent variable and that may unint…

the extent to which variables measure what they are supposed…

Longitudinal Study

...

Third Variable Problem

A problem that occurs when the researcher cannot directly man…

Confounds

Correlation

Dependent variable

Experimenter expectations

Factors that undermine the ability to draw causal inferences…

Measures the association between two variables, or how they g…

The variable the researcher measures but does not manipulate…

When the experimenter's expectations influence the outcome of…

Confounds

Factors that undermine the ability to draw causal inferences…

Correlation

Measures the association between two variables, or how they g…

case series

Observational medical research

Experimental (interventional) medical…

Basic vs Applied medical research

Its purpose is to describe the clinical characteristics of a…

does not involve a treatment provided by the researcher, meas…

treatment is given. Hypothesis-testing (hypothesis is the tre…

Bench to Bedside... -basic research... -applied research... -translati…

case series

Its purpose is to describe the clinical characteristics of a…

Observational medical research

does not involve a treatment provided by the researcher, meas…