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Study sets matching "research in psychology analysis"

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Study sets matching "research in psychology analysis"

26 terms
Research Methods and Analysis - Psychology
Random Sampling
Stratified Random Sampling
Quota Sampling
Systematic Sampling
Everyone in the target population must have an equal chance o…
Sub-groups are identified. Sub-groups in the sample must be i…
Sub-groups are identified. Once identified, selection within…
A list of names in the target population is available to the…
Random Sampling
Everyone in the target population must have an equal chance o…
Stratified Random Sampling
Sub-groups are identified. Sub-groups in the sample must be i…
Psychology - research methods=content analysis
What is content anaylsis
Give one fact about content analysis
What is indirect observation
Give three advantages of content analy…
A statistical technique used to quantify and qualify the cont…
Can quantify qualitative data through coding units
Instead of direct observation of people can analyse their com…
Little or no contact with people so data is more ethical ... En…
What is content anaylsis
A statistical technique used to quantify and qualify the cont…
Give one fact about content analysis
Can quantify qualitative data through coding units
15 terms
Psychology - research methods = correlational analysis
What is correlation
How is data collected for correlations
What is used to then analyse this daya
What is positive correlation
A statistical method for analysing data when there are two se…
Observations... Self reports
Correlations
The variables move in the same direction
What is correlation
A statistical method for analysing data when there are two se…
How is data collected for correlations
Observations... Self reports
117 terms
Research in Psychology Ch 7 Statistical analysis
sampling error
descriptive statistics
distribution
central tendency
The difference between the observations in a population and i…
Measures that help us summarize the data
A set of scores
Representation of a typical score in a distribution
sampling error
The difference between the observations in a population and i…
descriptive statistics
Measures that help us summarize the data
30 terms
Chapter 8 Research Design And Analysis (Psychology)
Analysis of covariance
between-participants designs
between-subjects variable
ceiling effect
a statistical procedure in which group means are compared aft…
groups are produced by random assignment, and the different g…
type of independent variable where different participants rec…
situation where participants' pretest scores on the dependent…
Analysis of covariance
a statistical procedure in which group means are compared aft…
between-participants designs
groups are produced by random assignment, and the different g…
10 terms
PSYCHOLOGY - UNIT 4 - RESEARCH METHODS - data analysis
Measures of central tendency... Mean, med…
Measures of dispersion... Range, standard…
Inferential statistics... These tell you…
Chi-squared
these give an average figure to represent a whole data set. W…
these show the variance or spread in a data set. When compari…
used when looking for a relationship, with ordinal or interva…
looking for a difference, with nominal data (just counting ho…
Measures of central tendency... Mean, med…
these give an average figure to represent a whole data set. W…
Measures of dispersion... Range, standard…
these show the variance or spread in a data set. When compari…
54 terms
Research in Psychology: Chapter 4 - Measurement & Data Analysis
Sample constructs
Developing measures from constructs
Habituation
Habituation example
None are directly measurable, but must be inferred from the m…
(1) Researchers know what to measure because they know the li…
A gradual decrease in responding to repeated stimuli... - Ex. If…
You hear a loud bang from neighbor's yard & immediately draws…
Sample constructs
None are directly measurable, but must be inferred from the m…
Developing measures from constructs
(1) Researchers know what to measure because they know the li…
13 terms
Psychology research methods- analysis and interpretation of qualitative data
The extent to which the process of res…
Comparing the results from a variety o…
Anything that is not in numerical form
Data that is measured in numbers or qu…
What is reflexivity?
What is triangulation?
What is qualitative data?
What is quantitative data?
The extent to which the process of res…
What is reflexivity?
Comparing the results from a variety o…
What is triangulation?
30 terms
Psych 10 Research and Data Analysis in Psychology
Normal curve
X bar
μ
Sx
This allows us to compare individuals, compare groups, and de…
Sample mean
Population mean
Sample standard deviation
Normal curve
This allows us to compare individuals, compare groups, and de…
X bar
Sample mean
8 terms
Psychology Unit 4 Research methods Content Analysis
What is it?
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Involves turning qualitative data into quantitative data
Work out IV- e.g. how positively Mcdonald's new menu is regar…
Give them a small sample to test it out on. Are the statement…
Look for inter-rater reliability between samples. E.g. make s…
What is it?
Involves turning qualitative data into quantitative data
Step 1
Work out IV- e.g. how positively Mcdonald's new menu is regar…
20 terms
Psychology A Level - Research Methods - Data Analysis
What is the Strength and Weakness of u…
What is the Strength and Weakness of u…
What is the Strength and Weakness of u…
What is the Strength and Weakness of u…
Strength: Makes use of all numbers in final calculation.... Weak…
Strength: Not affected by extreme values.... Weakness: Time cons…
Strength: Useful with data in categories (not numerical).... Wea…
Strength: Easy to calculate.... Weakness: Doesn't take into acco…
What is the Strength and Weakness of u…
Strength: Makes use of all numbers in final calculation.... Weak…
What is the Strength and Weakness of u…
Strength: Not affected by extreme values.... Weakness: Time cons…
14 terms
Biological Level of Analysis Researchers; Psychology IB
Corkin et al 1997
Berridge and Kringelbach 2009
Fisher 2004
Martinez and Kesner 1991
The case study of H.M... Aim; to investigate the case of HM... Proc…
Aim; Dopamine release in response to pleasure... Method: fMRI sc…
Aim; being in love similar to being addicted.... Procedure; Scan…
Aim; ACh in memory formation.... Procedure: Using rats running m…
Corkin et al 1997
The case study of H.M... Aim; to investigate the case of HM... Proc…
Berridge and Kringelbach 2009
Aim; Dopamine release in response to pleasure... Method: fMRI sc…
15 terms
Cognitive Level of Analysis; Researchers - IB Psychology
Deck and Blackwell 2007
Barlett 1932
Rosenzweig and Bennett 1972
Loftus and Palmer 1974
Aim; intelligence is affected through student's mindsets. ... Me…
The war of Ghost... Aim; memory is reconstructive and influence…
Aim; environment (social) had an effect on the development of…
Aim; To see whether changing a verb had an effect on estimati…
Deck and Blackwell 2007
Aim; intelligence is affected through student's mindsets. ... Me…
Barlett 1932
The war of Ghost... Aim; memory is reconstructive and influence…
10 terms
Research in Psychology Ch.13 (The Nuts & Bolts of Research Methods and Analysis)
Longitudinal Designs
Cross-Sectional Design
Generation/Cohort Effects
Cohort-Sequential Design
data that is collected for a long period of time
a developmental design where multiple samples of participants…
a confound that can occur in cross-sectional designs due to d…
a developmental design where multiple samples of participants…
Longitudinal Designs
data that is collected for a long period of time
Cross-Sectional Design
a developmental design where multiple samples of participants…
23 terms
Research cards for psychology (The biological level of analysis, The cognitive level of analysis, The sociocultural level of analysis)
HM case study
Changes in the brain of experienced Lo…
Is schizophrenia genetic? (Heston,1966)
Schachter and singer showed the effect…
At the age of 27, HM underwent surgery to remove the medial t…
London taxi drivers must undertake special training that take…
Heston looked at the incident of schizophrenia in children wh…
He hypothesized that both physiological arousal (a state of r…
HM case study
At the age of 27, HM underwent surgery to remove the medial t…
Changes in the brain of experienced Lo…
London taxi drivers must undertake special training that take…
9 terms
Research Analysis
Claim (thesis statement)
Support (Sub claim)
Warrant
Backing
what the author is trying to prove
additional info used to convince the audience of the claim
underlying assumption about the support;how did you get to th…
support for; can sometimes your warrant be written/implied
Claim (thesis statement)
what the author is trying to prove
Support (Sub claim)
additional info used to convince the audience of the claim
5 terms
AQA Psychology (A-Level) - Research Methods - Meta-analysis
Meta-analysis
Effect size
Strength
Strength
A researcher looks at the findings from a number of different…
A measure of the strength of the relationship between two var…
Reviewing the results from a group of studies rather than fro…
Often, studies in a review produce contradictory results (e.g…
Meta-analysis
A researcher looks at the findings from a number of different…
Effect size
A measure of the strength of the relationship between two var…
7 terms
AQA Psychology (A-Level) - Research Methods - Content analysis
Content analysis
Example of a content analysis
How to carry content analysis out
Strength
The analysis of the content of something, usually in which be…
For example, a researcher might study the gender content of m…
A researcher observes people through the artefacts they produ…
Has high ecological validity because it is based on observati…
Content analysis
The analysis of the content of something, usually in which be…
Example of a content analysis
For example, a researcher might study the gender content of m…
10 terms
Research and Analysis
1st step in research process
2nd step in research process
3rd step in research process
4th step in research process
Problem formulation
Method of inquiry
Research Method
Research Design
1st step in research process
Problem formulation
2nd step in research process
Method of inquiry
28 terms
research and analysis
Scientific Approach
problem definition
problem importance
hypothesis defin.
problem, hypothesis, facts, analysis, solution
something that needs to be corrected
solving the right problem
tentative explanation for an observation that can be tested.
Scientific Approach
problem, hypothesis, facts, analysis, solution
problem definition
something that needs to be corrected
research analysis behavioral research
vulnerable population
descriptive statistics
effect size
error variance
children, prisoners, people who have impaired decisional capa…
numbers that summarize and describe the behavior of participa…
effect size the strength of the relationship between two or m…
the portion of the total variance in a set of data that remai…
vulnerable population
children, prisoners, people who have impaired decisional capa…
descriptive statistics
numbers that summarize and describe the behavior of participa…
19 terms
Analysis of Research Data
Operationalize
Nominal
Ordinal
Interval
The process of strictly defining variables into measurable fa…
Named groups or categories. Can have 2 or more categories. Si…
Still categorical but now the categories are ordered. Can hav…
Variables can be measured along a continuum and have a numeri…
Operationalize
The process of strictly defining variables into measurable fa…
Nominal
Named groups or categories. Can have 2 or more categories. Si…
58 terms
Research Analysis Final Exam
Epistemology
Methodology
Positivism
Hypothesis
The theory of knowledge, especially with regards to its metho…
Specific ways to gain knowledge
an epistemological perspective that makes use of the scientif…
A specific statement, derived from a theory, about the relati…
Epistemology
The theory of knowledge, especially with regards to its metho…
Methodology
Specific ways to gain knowledge
65 terms
Quantitative Analysis in CSD Research
Analysis
In testing hypotheses about population…
Inferential Statistical Procedures
When choosing a statistical test what…
-Purpose of most experiments: to test one or most hypotheses…
design of their studies
-infer characteristics about the entire population... -Inference…
-Number of groups or samples is considered... -Whether it is a p…
Analysis
-Purpose of most experiments: to test one or most hypotheses…
In testing hypotheses about population…
design of their studies
81 terms
Quantitative Analysis in CSD Research
Purpose of most experiments is to
In testing hypotheses about population…
Inferential Statistical Procedures are
Inferences are based on
to test one or most hypotheses concerning some characteristic…
analytical ... match
Procedures that infer characteristics about the entire popula…
subset of population, a sample
Purpose of most experiments is to
to test one or most hypotheses concerning some characteristic…
In testing hypotheses about population…
analytical ... match
Biological Level of Analysis (BLOA) Researchers - IB Psychology HL
Grove et al
Brunner
Chartrand & Bargh
David Buss
Statistically significant probabilities of heritability of an…
Large dutch family with same genetic mutation of x chromosome…
"Chameleon Effect" - People who mimicked the body language of…
Men more upset by sexual infidelity; Women more upset by emot…
Grove et al
Statistically significant probabilities of heritability of an…
Brunner
Large dutch family with same genetic mutation of x chromosome…
31 terms
Research Methods and Data Analysis
APA ethical guidelines
theory vs hypothesis
4 goals of research
5 steps of the scientific method
protection from harm... informed consent... anonymity ... confidential…
a hypothesis is a suggested or guessed explanation while a th…
describe... explain... predict... control
ask a question or identify a problem... background research... form…
APA ethical guidelines
protection from harm... informed consent... anonymity ... confidential…
theory vs hypothesis
a hypothesis is a suggested or guessed explanation while a th…
Data analysis in Quantitative Research
Statistics
Nominal
Ordinal
Interval
telling a story with data
variables that are mutually exclusive there is no ranking... can…
relative ranking of the the event or variable. The distance b…
variables are ranked, intervals are equal there is no absolut…
Statistics
telling a story with data
Nominal
variables that are mutually exclusive there is no ranking... can…
10 terms
Research and Analysis Review
Stances
Issue
Topic
Claim
The sides available to support
The question being asked about a Topic
The overall Subject being discussed
The side chosen by the author
Stances
The sides available to support
Issue
The question being asked about a Topic
11 terms
Research in Psychology
Neuropsychology
Case Studies
Critical Thinking
Hypothesis
An area of psychology that studies the relationship among bra…
A research method involving the intensive examination of some…
The processes of assessing claims and making judgments on the…
In scientific research, a specific, testable proposition abou…
Neuropsychology
An area of psychology that studies the relationship among bra…
Case Studies
A research method involving the intensive examination of some…
45 terms
research analysis exam 1
epistemology
methodology
positivism
karl popper
how we come to know—the theory of knowledge
specific ways to gain knowledge
an epistemological perspective that uses the scientific metho…
- critical rationalism... - positivist leanings—grounded in obse…
epistemology
how we come to know—the theory of knowledge
methodology
specific ways to gain knowledge
174 terms
legal research and legal analysis
The 10 main categories of primary auth…
Opinion
who wirtes an opinion
Example of opinion
Opinions,... Statutes,... Constitutions,... Administrative regulations…
A court's written explanation of how it applied the law to th…
Courts - the jurisdiction. The west majority of opinions are…
in the Bradshaw opinion, the U.S. Supreme Court sent the deat…
The 10 main categories of primary auth…
Opinions,... Statutes,... Constitutions,... Administrative regulations…
Opinion
A court's written explanation of how it applied the law to th…
61 terms
Research Design & Data Analysis
Analysis of Variance
Variance between groups
Variance within groups
F Ratio
Hypothesis-testing procedure for studies with three or more g…
representing the IV effect
representing the sampling error
BG Variance/ WG Variance. The larger the F Ratio the more lik…
Analysis of Variance
Hypothesis-testing procedure for studies with three or more g…
Variance between groups
representing the IV effect
11 terms
Research in Psychology
Science is empirical.
Theory
Characteristics of A Good Theory
Survey
Science is factual it can be proven
is an explanation leads to research.... set of interrelated cons…
- it's simple = fewer constructs... - accounts for data... - leads…
reveals an individuals thoughts feelings action and or tenden…
Science is empirical.
Science is factual it can be proven
Theory
is an explanation leads to research.... set of interrelated cons…
46 terms
9170 Research and Analysis
individuals
variable
categorical variable
quantitative variable
are the objects described by a set of data.
characteristic of an individual
places an individual into one of several groups or categories…
takes numerical values for which arithmetic operations make s…
individuals
are the objects described by a set of data.
variable
characteristic of an individual
9 terms
Research Methods - Content Analysis
What is a Content Analysis?
What are the 3 decisions made before a…
What decisions must be made about Samp…
What decision must be made about Codin…
An observational study of people using artefacts, like films,…
-Sampling Method... -Coding Data... -Method of representing data
-What artefact to use?... -Which parts to use?
-What behavioural categories?
What is a Content Analysis?
An observational study of people using artefacts, like films,…
What are the 3 decisions made before a…
-Sampling Method... -Coding Data... -Method of representing data
77 terms
Research Quantitive Data Analysis
2 categories of statistical procedures
descriptive statistics
2 types of descriptive statistics
measures of central tendency
1. descriptive statistics ... 2. inferential statistics
describe, organize, and summarize data
1. measures of central tendency ... 2. measures of dispersion
describe the location of the approximate center of the distri…
2 categories of statistical procedures
1. descriptive statistics ... 2. inferential statistics
descriptive statistics
describe, organize, and summarize data
41 terms
Marketing research and analysis
eta^2 (ng^2)
one-way ANOVA
multi-way ANOVA
analysis of covariance (ANCOVA)
The strength of the effects of X (independent variable or fac…
Only one categorical independent variable
more than one, which is two categorical independent variable
In addition to categorical variable there is also metric vari…
eta^2 (ng^2)
The strength of the effects of X (independent variable or fac…
one-way ANOVA
Only one categorical independent variable
28 terms
Research Design and Data Analysis
Descriptive statistics
Inferential statistics
Frequency:
Frequency distribution:
Summarize/organize scores from a... research study
Draw conclusions/make inferences that go beyond the scores fr…
Number of scores with a particular value.
The pattern of frequencies over different values.
Descriptive statistics
Summarize/organize scores from a... research study
Inferential statistics
Draw conclusions/make inferences that go beyond the scores fr…
Research methodology in Behavioral Analysis
What is control in a single subject de…
Describe direct replication in a singl…
Describe systematic replication in a s…
Describe the multiple baseline designs
The subject is its own control. The performance during treatm…
Running an additional subject, each additional subject is a r…
May only have one subject but the affect is repeated multiple…
Preferable when we cant do ABAB (because it would be unethica…
What is control in a single subject de…
The subject is its own control. The performance during treatm…
Describe direct replication in a singl…
Running an additional subject, each additional subject is a r…
24 terms
Psychology Research
The scientific method
Hypothesis
Population
Sample
Step by step approach to planning, conducting and reporting r…
Is a testable prediction of the possible relationship between…
Is where the sample may be drawn for a study.
The participants selected from a population and used to test…
The scientific method
Step by step approach to planning, conducting and reporting r…
Hypothesis
Is a testable prediction of the possible relationship between…
36 terms
Research Design and Analysis
Validity
Reliability
Step 1 of the Scientific Method
Step 2 of the Scientific Method
The degree of accuracy with which the findings correspond wit…
Is the consistency of the results across multiple administrat…
Define the problem operationally in a concrete and measurable…
Develop hypotheses about what might occur
Validity
The degree of accuracy with which the findings correspond wit…
Reliability
Is the consistency of the results across multiple administrat…
41 terms
Research Design Analysis
4 COMMON ERRORS IN RESEARCH
Inaccurate Observation
Overgeneralization
Selective Observation
-Inaccurate Observation... -Overgeneralization... -Selective Observ…
Definition: Failure to accurately observe or pay attention to…
Definition: Reaching a conclusion based upon the observation…
Definition: Paying attention to situations which support our…
4 COMMON ERRORS IN RESEARCH
-Inaccurate Observation... -Overgeneralization... -Selective Observ…
Inaccurate Observation
Definition: Failure to accurately observe or pay attention to…
30 terms
Research Design and analysis
Observational research
Naturalistic observation
disguised
undisguised
various types of non-experimental research designs wherein tr…
behavior in real life settings
participants are not aware they are being observed
participants know they are being observed
Observational research
various types of non-experimental research designs wherein tr…
Naturalistic observation
behavior in real life settings
9 terms
Analysis in Market Research
Ordinal data treated as interval data
T-Test
ANOVA (Analysis of Variance)
Correlation
practitioners can use parametric tests on typically non-param…
a statistical analysis used to assess group differences. 1IV…
used to assess group differences. 1 IV & 1DV; I = nominal wit…
assess associations between variables. 1 IV & 1 DV both are c…
Ordinal data treated as interval data
practitioners can use parametric tests on typically non-param…
T-Test
a statistical analysis used to assess group differences. 1IV…
89 terms
Research and Analysis exam 1
Research
Research Question or Problem
Deductive Reasoning
Inductive Reasoning
A careful, systematic, and structured process for solving pro…
Important question or obstacle that is the underlying and dri…
Logical thinking that utilizes one or more general assumption…
Logical argument in which one or more specific premises lead…
Research
A careful, systematic, and structured process for solving pro…
Research Question or Problem
Important question or obstacle that is the underlying and dri…
77 terms
Research Design and Analysis TEST 1
What is psychology?
What is science?
EMPRICISM
SKEPTICISM
From the Greek words psyche, meaning "mind", and logos meanin…
- Is a system for acquiring knowledge, through observation an…
Claims based on evidence (i.e., data); coming to conclusions…
they refuse to accept any claim w/o evidence; always ask "how…
What is psychology?
From the Greek words psyche, meaning "mind", and logos meanin…
What is science?
- Is a system for acquiring knowledge, through observation an…
17 terms
Research/Data analysis
Correlations
Experiment
Correlation coefficient
Quantitative
Relationship between two variables
Tests or manipulates the IV
The extent/strength of the relationship between two variables
How old are you?
Correlations
Relationship between two variables
Experiment
Tests or manipulates the IV
16 terms
Cognitive Level of Analysis--research
Brown & Kulik (1977)
Conway et. al (1994)
Neisse & Harsch (1992)
Talarico & Rubin (2003)
40 white and 40 black people asked questions about 10 events.…
...
Recorded reliability of Challenger disaster. Participants rep…
asked participants to recall events during 9/11 and personal…
Brown & Kulik (1977)
40 white and 40 black people asked questions about 10 events.…
Conway et. al (1994)
...
51 terms
Psychology Research
Hindsight Bias
False Consensus Effect
Critical Thinking
Scientific Method
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
the tendency to overestimate the extent to which others agree…
not blindly accepting an emotional arguments and conclusions.…
based on gathering observable, empirical, and measurable evid…
Hindsight Bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
False Consensus Effect
the tendency to overestimate the extent to which others agree…
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