# Study sets matching "research in psychology analysis"

Study sets

Diagrams

Classes

Users

Random Sampling

Stratified Random Sampling

Quota Sampling

Systematic Sampling

Everyone in the target population must have an equal chance of…

Sub-groups are identified. Sub-groups in the sample must be in…

Sub-groups are identified. Once identified, selection within t…

A list of names in the target population is available to the r…

Random Sampling

Everyone in the target population must have an equal chance of…

Stratified Random Sampling

Sub-groups are identified. Sub-groups in the sample must be in…

Applied Research

Authority-based belief

Basic or Pure research

Concepts

The use of basic research findings to improve conditions in re…

Believe it to be true because an "expert" said so.

Research conducted to increase the body of knowledge of a disc…

A general category of ideas that are represented by our variab…

Applied Research

The use of basic research findings to improve conditions in re…

Authority-based belief

Believe it to be true because an "expert" said so.

independent variable

dependent variable

quasi-independent variable

quasi-dependent variable

has at least two levels that we either manipulate or observe (…

the outcome variable that we hypothesized to be related to, or…

the variable that has been manipulated, though there was no ra…

the variable that we think was impacted by the quasi-independe…

independent variable

has at least two levels that we either manipulate or observe (…

dependent variable

the outcome variable that we hypothesized to be related to, or…

Advertisement

case study

content analysis

effect size

meta-anaylsis

a research investigation that involves a detailed study of a s…

a kind of observational study in which behaviour is observed i…

a measure of the strength of the relationship between two vari…

a researcher looks at the findings from a number of different…

case study

a research investigation that involves a detailed study of a s…

content analysis

a kind of observational study in which behaviour is observed i…

What is correlation analysis?

What is a correlation analysis?

What is +1?

What is -1?

A method of data analysis used to find an association between…

A number between -1 and +1 that tells us how closely the co va…

A perfect, positive correlation

A perfect, negative correlation

What is correlation analysis?

A method of data analysis used to find an association between…

What is a correlation analysis?

A number between -1 and +1 that tells us how closely the co va…

What is content anaylsis

Give one fact about content analysis

What is indirect observation

Give three advantages of content analys…

A statistical technique used to quantify and qualify the conte…

Can quantify qualitative data through coding units

Instead of direct observation of people can analyse their comm…

Little or no contact with people so data is more ethical ... Ena…

What is content anaylsis

A statistical technique used to quantify and qualify the conte…

Give one fact about content analysis

Can quantify qualitative data through coding units

Qualitative data analysis

Positives of Qualitative data

Negatives of Qualitative data

Quantitative data analysis

Any means of extracting meaning from data that focuses more on…

Richness in detail, greater external validity.

Difficult to analyse and cannot be statistically summarised. C…

Any means of extracting meaning from data that uses numerical…

Qualitative data analysis

Any means of extracting meaning from data that focuses more on…

Positives of Qualitative data

Richness in detail, greater external validity.

Reactivity

Convergent Validity

Discriminate Validity

Criterion Validity

Any change in the behavior of participants due to the fact tha…

When multiple measures of the same construct are highly correl…

Whether the measure is unrelates to things outside of the cons…

Based on relationships to other measures

Reactivity

Any change in the behavior of participants due to the fact tha…

Convergent Validity

When multiple measures of the same construct are highly correl…

IRB (Institutional Review Board)

Protection from all harm

Informed Consent

Anonymity

Reviews proposals to use human and animal participants

No harm can be done to participants in a study

Participants are aware that they are a part of a psychological…

The study does not publish participants' information or anythi…

IRB (Institutional Review Board)

Reviews proposals to use human and animal participants

Protection from all harm

No harm can be done to participants in a study

What are the 4 types of Scales of Measu…

What is the difference between nominal…

Gender and race are examples of what sc…

In ordinal scale, the difference betwee…

1. nominal (categorical)... 2. Ordinal (rank)... 3. Interval... 4. Ratio

Nominal scale is when you assign only labels. Ordinal scale is…

Nominal Scale

Interval Scale

What are the 4 types of Scales of Measu…

1. nominal (categorical)... 2. Ordinal (rank)... 3. Interval... 4. Ratio

What is the difference between nominal…

Nominal scale is when you assign only labels. Ordinal scale is…

What is correlation

How is data collected for correlations

What is used to then analyse this daya

What is positive correlation

A statistical method for analysing data when there are two set…

Observations... Self reports

Correlations

The variables move in the same direction

What is correlation

A statistical method for analysing data when there are two set…

How is data collected for correlations

Observations... Self reports

Population

Population Parameter

Parameter of Interest

Sample

The total collection of things (e.g., people, trees, etc.) tha…

Any summary number that describes characteristics of the entir…

Estimated average of what is being measured in a population. O…

A representative collection of those things drawn from the pop…

Population

The total collection of things (e.g., people, trees, etc.) tha…

Population Parameter

Any summary number that describes characteristics of the entir…

Purpose of most experiments is to

In testing hypotheses about populations…

Inferential Statistical Procedures are

Inferences are based on

to test one or most hypotheses concerning some characteristics…

analytical ... match

Procedures that infer characteristics about the entire populat…

subset of population, a sample

Purpose of most experiments is to

to test one or most hypotheses concerning some characteristics…

In testing hypotheses about populations…

analytical ... match

The extent to which the process of rese…

Comparing the results from a variety of…

Anything that is not in numerical form

Data that is measured in numbers or qua…

What is reflexivity?

What is triangulation?

What is qualitative data?

What is quantitative data?

The extent to which the process of rese…

What is reflexivity?

Comparing the results from a variety of…

What is triangulation?

Population

Sample

Representative Sample

Systematic

the large group of interest to a researcher

the small set of individuals who participate in the study

is a sample with the same characteristics as the population

(Probability)... - sample is obtained by selecting every n"th" pa…

Population

the large group of interest to a researcher

Sample

the small set of individuals who participate in the study

Quantitative Methods

Qualitative Methods

Categorical Data

Continuous Data

when your data involves numbers

when your data do not include numbers

data that falls into categories

data range on a spectrum

Quantitative Methods

when your data involves numbers

Qualitative Methods

when your data do not include numbers

What are the scales/Levels of measureme…

What are the characteristics of the Nom…

What are the characteristics of the Ord…

What are the characteristics of the Int…

Nominal, Ordinal, Interval and Ratio

1. Can only be named. 2. Close-ended questions=yes or no answe…

1. Placed in Order/ranked 2. Likert-Scale

1. Distance is meaningful 2. Know the exact distance between t…

What are the scales/Levels of measureme…

Nominal, Ordinal, Interval and Ratio

What are the characteristics of the Nom…

1. Can only be named. 2. Close-ended questions=yes or no answe…

What is the Strength and Weakness of us…

What is the Strength and Weakness of us…

What is the Strength and Weakness of us…

What is the Strength and Weakness of us…

Strength: Makes use of all numbers in final calculation.... Weakn…

Strength: Not affected by extreme values.... Weakness: Time consu…

Strength: Useful with data in categories (not numerical).... Weak…

Strength: Easy to calculate.... Weakness: Doesn't take into accou…

What is the Strength and Weakness of us…

Strength: Makes use of all numbers in final calculation.... Weakn…

What is the Strength and Weakness of us…

Strength: Not affected by extreme values.... Weakness: Time consu…

anecdotal evidence

case study

confounding of variables

control group

Personal stories about specific incidents and experiences-- no…

An in-depth examination of a single research participant.

occurs when two variables are linked together in a way that ma…

consists of similar subjects who do not receive the special tr…

anecdotal evidence

Personal stories about specific incidents and experiences-- no…

case study

An in-depth examination of a single research participant.

Correlation

Experiment

Laboratory Observation

Case Study

measuring two variables for each individual to describe the pa…

attempts to establish a cause-and-effect relationship between…

Affords greatest control over extraneous variables

Detailed report on a test subject, usually from multiple sourc…

Correlation

measuring two variables for each individual to describe the pa…

Experiment

attempts to establish a cause-and-effect relationship between…

Advertisement

Science

Description, prediction, explanation, a…

recording, classification, describing o…

"What will happen in the future?"

Psychology is a

There are 4 goals of science:

Description is

Prediction is

Science

Psychology is a

Description, prediction, explanation, a…

There are 4 goals of science:

Psychological Science

4 Goals of Psychology

5 Steps in the Scientific Method

Producers

Tries to understand why people think, feel, and behave the way…

Describe, Explain, Predict, Control.

1. Ask a question or identify a problem. 2. Background researc…

**Individuals in this role have/are:**... - Coursework in upper-lev…

Psychological Science

Tries to understand why people think, feel, and behave the way…

4 Goals of Psychology

Describe, Explain, Predict, Control.

Data Analysis/Statistics

Levels of Measurement

Nominal

Ordinal

- Explain a study's outcome... - Provide evidence regarding the e…

- Nominal... - Ordinal... - Interval... - Raio

- Categories are assigned a number for statistical purposes... -…

- Ranking of an attribute... - Can be tallied... - Do not know the l…

Data Analysis/Statistics

- Explain a study's outcome... - Provide evidence regarding the e…

Levels of Measurement

- Nominal... - Ordinal... - Interval... - Raio